IoTClient开发6 - S7-200SmarTcp协议客户端实现

环境和工具

服务端电脑IP:192.168.1.130
客户端电脑IP:192.168.1.120
1、在服务端电脑运行IoTClientTool

2、运行Wireshark

3、在客户端电脑运行IoTClientTool

4、Wireshark得到如下报文

报文分析,plc的连接

我们看到上面连接西门子plc抓取到了八条报文。其中有tcp的三次握手、和对最后一次响应的回复,然后就是西门子特有的两次初始化指令的请求和响应。

两次初始化指令

不同型号的西门子plc有不同的初始化指令,同型号的指令固定不变。

代码实现对plc的连接

//直接是Wireshark抓取到的报文数据
var Command1 = new byte[22]
{
    0x03,0x00,0x00,0x16,0x11,0xE0,0x00,0x00,
    0x00,0x01,0x00,0xC1,0x02,0x10,0x00,0xC2,
    0x02,0x03,0x00,0xC0,0x01,0x0A
};

var Command2 = new byte[25]
{
    0x03,0x00,0x00,0x19,0x02,0xF0,0x80,0x32,
    0x01,0x00,0x00,0xCC,0xC1,0x00,0x08,0x00,
    0x00,0xF0,0x00,0x00,0x01,0x00,0x01,0x03,0xC0
};
        
Socket socket = new Socket(AddressFamily.InterNetwork, SocketType.Stream, ProtocolType.Tcp);
socket.Connect(new IPEndPoint(IPAddress.Parse(ip), port));

//第一次初始化指令交互
socket.Send(Command1);
var head1 = SocketRead(socket, SiemensConstant.InitHeadLength);
SocketRead(socket, GetContentLength(head1));

//第二次初始化指令交互
socket.Send(Command2);
var head2 = SocketRead(socket, SiemensConstant.InitHeadLength);
SocketRead(socket, GetContentLength(head2));

对寄存器的读取

我们在客户端电用IoTClientTool读取地址V2634,抓取到包

我们可以看到其中很多都是固定的数据,如版本号、协议id等等。所以,我们可以以此规律获取对应的指令格式

protected byte[] GetReadCommand(byte type, int beginAddress, ushort dbAddress, ushort length)
{
    byte[] command = new byte[31];
    command[0] = 0x03;
    command[1] = 0x00;//[0][1]固定报文头
    command[2] = (byte)(command.Length / 256);
    command[3] = (byte)(command.Length % 256);//[2][3]整个读取请求长度为0x1F= 31 
    command[4] = 0x02;
    command[5] = 0xF0;
    command[6] = 0x80;//COTP
    command[7] = 0x32;//协议ID
    command[8] = 0x01;//1  客户端发送命令 3 服务器回复命令
    command[9] = 0x00;
    command[10] = 0x00;//[4]-[10]固定6个字节
    command[11] = 0x00;
    command[12] = 0x01;//[11][12]两个字节,标识序列号,回复报文相同位置和这个完全一样;范围是0~65535
    command[13] = 0x00;
    command[14] = 0x0E;//parameter length([17]-[30]都为parameter刚好14也就是0x0E)
    command[15] = 0x00;
    command[16] = 0x00;//data length
    command[17] = 0x04;//04读 05写
    command[18] = 0x01;//读取数据块个数
    command[19] = 0x12;//variable specification
    command[20] = 0x0A;//Length of following address specification
    command[21] = 0x10;//Syntax Id: S7ANY 
    command[22] = 0x02;//Transport size: BYTE 
    command[23] = (byte)(length / 256);
    command[24] = (byte)(length % 256);//[23][24]两个字节,访问数据的个数,以byte为单位;
    command[25] = (byte)(dbAddress / 256);
    command[26] = (byte)(dbAddress % 256);//[25][26]DB块的编号
    command[27] = type;//访问数据块的类型
    command[28] = (byte)(beginAddress / 256 / 256);
    command[29] = (byte)(beginAddress / 256);
    command[30] = (byte)(beginAddress % 256);//[28][29][30]访问DB块的偏移量
    return command;
}

读取数据

public Result<byte[]> ReadString(string address, ushort length)
{
    Connect();
    var result = new Result<byte[]>(); 
    //发送读取信息
    var arg = ConvertArg(address);
    byte[] command = GetReadCommand(arg.TypeCode, arg.BeginAddress, arg.DbBlock, length);
    result.Requst = string.Join(" ", command.Select(t => t.ToString("X2")));
    var dataPackage = SendPackage(command);
    byte[] requst = new byte[length];
    Array.Copy(dataPackage, 25, requst, 0, length);
    //Array.Copy(dataPackage, dataPackage.Length - length, requst, 0, length);
    result.Response = string.Join(" ", dataPackage.Select(t => t.ToString("X2")));
    result.Value = requst; 
    return result;
}

对寄存器的写入

我们在客户端电用IoTClientTool对地址V2634写入值666,抓取到包

我们可以以此规律获取对应的指令格式

protected byte[] GetWriteCommand(byte type, int beginAddress, ushort dbAddress, byte[] data)
{
    byte[] command = new byte[35 + data.Length];
    command[0] = 0x03;
    command[1] = 0x00;//[0][1]固定报文头
    command[2] = (byte)((35 + data.Length) / 256);
    command[3] = (byte)((35 + data.Length) % 256);//[2][3]整个读取请求长度
    command[4] = 0x02;
    command[5] = 0xF0;
    command[6] = 0x80;
    command[7] = 0x32;//[4]-[7]固定数据
    command[8] = 0x01;//1  客户端发送命令 3 服务器回复命令
    command[9] = 0x00;
    command[10] = 0x00;
    command[11] = 0x00;
    command[12] = 0x01;//[9]-[12]标识序列号
    command[13] = 0x00;
    command[14] = 0x0E;
    command[15] = (byte)((4 + data.Length) / 256);
    command[16] = (byte)((4 + data.Length) % 256);//[15][16]写入长度+4
    command[17] = 0x05;//04读 05写
    command[18] = 0x01;//写入数据块个数
    command[19] = 0x12;
    command[20] = 0x0A;
    command[21] = 0x10;//[19]-[21]固定
    command[22] = 0x02;//写入方式,1是按位,2是按字
    command[23] = (byte)(data.Length / 256);
    command[24] = (byte)(data.Length % 256);//写入数据个数
    command[25] = (byte)(dbAddress / 256);
    command[26] = (byte)(dbAddress % 256);//DB块的编号
    command[27] = type;
    command[28] = (byte)(beginAddress / 256 / 256 % 256); ;
    command[29] = (byte)(beginAddress / 256 % 256);
    command[30] = (byte)(beginAddress % 256);//[28][29][30]访问DB块的偏移量
    command[31] = 0x00;
    command[32] = 0x04;//04 byte(字节) 03bit(位)
    command[33] = (byte)(data.Length * 8 / 256);
    command[34] = (byte)(data.Length * 8 % 256);//按位计算出的长度
    data.CopyTo(command, 35);
    return command;
}

写入数据

public Result Write(string address, byte[] data)
{
    if (!socket?.Connected ?? true) Connect();
    Result result = new Result(); 
    Array.Reverse(data);
    //发送写入信息
    var arg = ConvertArg(address);
    byte[] command = GetWriteCommand(arg.TypeCode, arg.BeginAddress, arg.DbBlock, data);
    result.Requst = string.Join(" ", command.Select(t => t.ToString("X2")));
    var dataPackage = SendPackage(command);
    result.Response = string.Join(" ", dataPackage.Select(t => t.ToString("X2")));
    return result;
}

IoTClient中S7-200SmarTcp协议的使用

安装

Nuget安装 Install-Package IoTClient
或图形化安装

使用

//1、实例化客户端 - 输入正确的IP和端口
SiemensClient client = new SiemensClient(SiemensVersion.S7_200Smart, "127.0.0.1",102);

//2、写操作
client.Write("Q1.3", true);
client.Write("V2205", (short)11);
client.Write("V2209", 33);

//3、读操作
var value1 = client.ReadBoolean("Q1.3").Value;
var value2 = client.ReadInt16("V2205").Value;
var value3 = client.ReadInt32("V2209").Value;

//4、如果没有主动Open,则会每次读写操作的时候自动打开自动和关闭连接,这样会使读写效率大大减低。所以建议手动Open和Close。
client.Open();

//5、读写操作都会返回操作结果对象Result
var result = client.ReadInt16("V2205");
//5.1 读取是否成功(true或false)
var isSucceed = result.IsSucceed;
//5.2 读取失败的异常信息
var errMsg = result.Err;
//5.3 读取操作实际发送的请求报文
var requst  = result.Requst;
//5.4 读取操作服务端响应的报文
var response = result.Response;
//5.5 读取到的值
var value3 = result.Value;

结束

posted @ 2020-05-06 10:22  农码一生  阅读(825)  评论(3编辑  收藏
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