【bzoj1787】[Ahoi2008]Meet 紧急集合 倍增LCA

题目描述

输入

输出

样例输入

6 4
1 2
2 3
2 4
4 5
5 6
4 5 6
6 3 1
2 4 4
6 6 6

样例输出

5 2
2 5
4 1
6 0


题解

倍增LCA

首先有集合点必定在三点中两个点的LCA处,大概画一下就看出来了。

然后有x到y的距离为deep[x]+deep[y]-2*deep[lcaxy]

那么x、y、z三点到lcaxy的距离为deep[x]+deep[y]-2*deep[lcaxy]+deep[lcaxy]+deep[x]-deep[lcaxyz]

到lcaxz、lcayz同理。

可以看出集合点的选择只和deep[lca]有关,于是求一下最大值,再减掉就好了。

#include <cstdio>
#include <algorithm>
using namespace std;
int head[500010] , to[1000010] , next[1000010] , cnt , log[500010] , fa[500010][21] , deep[500010];
void add(int x , int y)
{
	to[++cnt] = y , next[cnt] = head[x] , head[x] = cnt;
}
void dfs(int x)
{
	int i;
	for(i = 1 ; i <= log[deep[x]] ; i ++ ) fa[x][i] = fa[fa[x][i - 1]][i - 1];
	for(i = head[x] ; i ; i = next[i])
		if(to[i] != fa[x][0])
			fa[to[i]][0] = x , deep[to[i]] = deep[x] + 1 , dfs(to[i]);
}
int getlca(int x , int y)
{
	int i;
	if(deep[x] < deep[y]) swap(x , y);
	for(i = log[deep[x] - deep[y]] ; ~i ; i -- )
		if(deep[x] - (1 << i) >= deep[y])
			x = fa[x][i];
	if(x == y) return x;
	for(i = log[deep[x]] ; ~i ; i -- )
		if(fa[x][i] != fa[y][i])
			x = fa[x][i] , y = fa[y][i];
	return fa[x][0];
}
int main()
{
	int n , m , i , x , y , z , xy , xz , yz , t;
	scanf("%d%d" , &n , &m);
	for(i = 1 ; i < n ; i ++ )
		scanf("%d%d" , &x , &y) , add(x , y) , add(y , x);
	for(i = 2 ; i <= n ; i ++ ) log[i] = log[i >> 1] + 1;
	dfs(1);
	while(m -- )
	{
		scanf("%d%d%d" , &x , &y , &z);
		xy = getlca(x , y) , xz = getlca(x , z) , yz = getlca(y , z) , t = deep[x] + deep[y] + deep[z] - 2 * deep[getlca(xy , z)];
		if(deep[xy] > deep[xz] && deep[xy] > deep[yz]) printf("%d %d\n" , xy , t - deep[xy]);
		else if(deep[xz] > deep[yz]) printf("%d %d\n" , xz , t - deep[xz]);
		else printf("%d %d\n" , yz , t - deep[yz]);
	}
	return 0;
}

 

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posted @ 2017-03-27 12:59  GXZlegend  阅读(185)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报