如何获取新浪财经的股票实时数据

从今年一月份开始新浪财经的股票数据接口http://hq.sinajs.cn/list=sz002603,sz002604禁用Http方式调用了,调用会返回“Kinsoku jikou desu!”,导致很多依赖它的股票插件不能使用。为了解决这个问题,开发了“股票盯盘助手”浏览器插件,可以继续使用。

现在有两种方式可以使用新浪财经的股票实时数据。 

方式一:增加Referer使用Https调用

现在需要使用https://hq.sinajs.cn/list=sz002603,sz002604,并指定 Referer=https://finance.sina.com.cn 才可以获取数据。

PostMan截图如下:

 

返回值含义:

0:”大秦铁路”,股票名字;
1:”27.55″,今日开盘价;
2:”27.25″,昨日收盘价;
3:”26.91″,当前价格;
4:”27.55″,今日最高价;
5:”26.20″,今日最低价;
6:”26.91″,竞买价,即“买一”报价;
7:”26.92″,竞卖价,即“卖一”报价;
8:”22114263″,成交的股票数,由于股票交易以一百股为基本单位,所以在使用时,通常把该值除以一百;
9:”589824680″,成交金额,单位为“元”,为了一目了然,通常以“万元”为成交金额的单位,所以通常把该值除以一万;
10:”4695″,“买一”申请4695股,即47手;
11:”26.91″,“买一”报价;
12:”57590″,“买二”
13:”26.90″,“买二”
14:”14700″,“买三”
15:”26.89″,“买三”
16:”14300″,“买四”
17:”26.88″,“买四”
18:”15100″,“买五”
19:”26.87″,“买五”
20:”3100″,“卖一”申报3100股,即31手;
21:”26.92″,“卖一”报价
(22, 23), (24, 25), (26,27), (28, 29)分别为“卖二”至“卖四的情况”
30:”2008-01-11″,日期;
31:”15:05:32″,时间;

因为没有找到在浏览器插件中指定Referer访问https接口的方法,所以这里用C#封装了一下。代码如下:

  public class SinaController : Controller
    {

        [System.Web.Mvc.HttpGet]
        public ContentResult list(string id)
        {

            try
            {
                ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = SecurityProtocolType.Tls | SecurityProtocolType.Tls11 | SecurityProtocolType.Tls12 | (SecurityProtocolType)3072;
                var client = new RestClient("https://hq.sinajs.cn/list="+ id);             
                client.Timeout = -1;
                var request = new RestRequest(Method.GET);
                request.AddHeader("User-Agent", "PostmanRuntime/7.26.8");
                request.AddHeader("Accept", "*/*");
                request.AddHeader("Accept-Encoding", "gzip, deflate, br");
                request.AddHeader("Content-Type", "application/javascript; charset=GB18030");
                request.AddHeader("Content-Encoding", "gzip");
                request.AddHeader("Referer", "https://finance.sina.com.cn");
                IRestResponse response = client.Execute(request);
                
                Encoding gb18030 = Encoding.GetEncoding("GB18030");
                Encoding utf8 = Encoding.GetEncoding("UTF-8");
                //关键也就是这句了
                byte[] utf8Encoding = Encoding.Convert(gb18030, utf8, response.RawBytes);
                var utf8Text= utf8.GetString(utf8Encoding);
                return new ContentResult() { Content = utf8Text, ContentEncoding = utf8 };

            }
            catch (Exception)
            {

                throw;
            }
        }
    }

 

方式二:使用新浪云SAE的新浪财经数据接口  

 首先,注册新浪云SAE的账号

   注册地址:https://www.sinacloud.com/public/login/inviter/gaimrn-mddmzeKWrhKWnaoGIgWd-iJGwgIzIdg.html 。使用我这个推广链接注册可以多获得900云豆,够一个月用的了。

 

  然后,创建Python应用

    选择Python-共享环境-Git方式就行,最实惠的方案,按量付费+10云豆/天的应用租金。

 

 创建应用后,就可以获取到AccessKey和SecretKey信息了

 

 

修改下面代码里SaeApibusAuthHandler方法的参数,上传到Git仓库,使用新浪云给分配的二级域名,就可以访问股票接口数据了。

from bottle import Bottle, route, request, response, run

import sae
import urllib2
from apibus_handler import SaeApibusAuthHandler

app = Bottle()

@app.hook('after_request')
def enable_cors():
    response.headers['Access-Control-Allow-Origin'] = '*'
    response.headers['Access-Control-Allow-Methods'] = 'GET, POST, PUT, OPTIONS'
    response.headers['Access-Control-Allow-Headers'] = 'Origin, Accept, Content-Type, X-Requested-With, X-CSRF-Token'

@app.route('/')
def hello():
    try:
       return "Hello, world! - Bottle"
    except Exception,err:
        print 1,err
    else:
        print 2
@app.route('/list')
def list():
    try:
        stockcode = request.params.get("code")
        if stockcode.endswith(","):
            stockcode = stockcode[:-1]
            
        apibus_handler = SaeApibusAuthHandler('13mxnn1245', 'zilhjjh2l342yw3jz2hkwm43hhjhl0ymj0x325km')
        opener = urllib2.build_opener(apibus_handler)
        stockinfo = opener.open('http://g.sae.sina.com.cn/financehq/list='+stockcode).read()
        stockinfo = unicode(stockinfo,'GB18030').encode('UTF-8')
        stockinfoArray = stockinfo.splitlines()
        stockcodeArray = stockcode.split(',')
        ret = ''
        if len(stockinfoArray)==len(stockcodeArray):
           for index in range(len(stockinfoArray)):
                ret += 'hq_str_'+stockcodeArray[index]+'="'+stockinfoArray[index]+'";\r\n'

        else:
            ret = stockinfo
        
        return ret
    except Exception,err:
        print 1,err
        return err
    else:
        print 2

application = sae.create_wsgi_app(app)

 写在最后

后期如何搭建新浪SAE的本地开发环境,坑比较多,有兴趣的可以找我私聊。

基于新浪股票接口我做了个浏览器插件“股票盯盘助手”,欢迎使用!

SAE注册地址:https://www.sinacloud.com/public/login/inviter/gaimrn-mddmzeKWrhKWnaoGIgWd-iJGwgIzIdg.html 

posted @ 2022-02-23 17:36  Zeroes  阅读(8774)  评论(1编辑  收藏  举报