magento换域名和服务器要怎么操作

  今天客户让ytkah帮忙把magento迁移到新服务器并换新域名,很多朋友可能在迁移过程中遇到了很多问题,下面就整理一下亲测可用的步骤吧。本文以magento 1.9.2.4为例,环境是lnmp,centos7.8,php版本为5.6,mysql为8.0.20,NGINX为1.17.10

  1、打包压缩原网站的文件和数据库

  2、在新服务器上创建站点,并添加NGINX规则

location / {
        index index.html index.php; ## Allow a static html file to be shown first
        try_files $uri $uri/ @handler; ## If missing pass the URI to Magento's front handler


        allow all;
    }

    ## These locations would be hidden by .htaccess normally
    location ^~ /app/                { deny all; }
    location ^~ /includes/           { deny all; }
    location ^~ /lib/                { deny all; }
    location ^~ /media/downloadable/ { deny all; }
    location ^~ /pkginfo/            { deny all; }
    location ^~ /tmp/                { deny all; }
    location ^~ /report/config.xml   { deny all; }
    location ^~ /var/                { deny all; }
    location ^~ /var/rw_google_base/                { allow all; }
    location ^~ /media/catalog/product/ { allow 116.6.89.107;}
    location ^~ /media/catalog/product/cache/ {allow all;}

    location /var/export/ { ## Allow admins only to view export folder
        auth_basic           "Restricted"; ## Message shown in login window
        auth_basic_user_file htpasswd; ## See /etc/nginx/htpassword
        autoindex            on;
    }

    location  /. { ## Disable .htaccess and other hidden files
        return 404;
    }

    location @handler { ## Magento uses a common front handler
        rewrite / /index.php;
    }

    location ~ .php/ { ## Forward paths like /js/index.php/x.js to relevant handler
        rewrite ^(.*.php)/ $1 last;
    }

    rewrite ^/minify/([0-9]+)(/.*.(js|css))$ /lib/minify/m.php?f=$2&d=$1 last;
    rewrite ^/skin/m/([0-9]+)(/.*.(js|css))$ /lib/minify/m.php?f=$2&d=$1 last;

    location /lib/minify/ {
        allow all;
    }
    location ~ .php$ { ## Execute PHP scripts
        if (!-e $request_filename) { rewrite / /index.php last; } ## Catch 404s that try_files miss

        expires        off; ## Do not cache dynamic content
        fastcgi_pass   unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param  MAGE_RUN_CODE default; ## Store code is defined in administration > Configuration > Manage Stores
        fastcgi_param  MAGE_RUN_TYPE store;
        include        fastcgi_params; ## See /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params
    }

  

  3、上传网站文件到新服务器,并解压,将/var/session/,/var/cache/,/var/tmp/三个文件夹里面的文件都清除,并赋予他们可写权限,否则magento迁移服务器时提示Mage registry key "_resource_helper/core" already exists

  4、修改magento的配置文件,位置在app/etc/local.xml,注意修改CDATA里面的内容 主要是数据库连接数据库用户名 密码 数据库名称

<host><![CDATA[localhost]]></host>
<username><![CDATA[ytkah]]></username>
<password><![CDATA[ytkah-pwd]]></password>
<dbname><![CDATA[ytkah-db]]></dbname>
<initStatements><![CDATA[SET NAMES utf8]]></initStatements>
<model><![CDATA[mysql4]]></model>

  5、导入数据库,建议用命令导入( phpmyadmin导入经常提示错误或者无法导入,因为magento的数据库使用了外键约束,通过phpmyadmin导入的时候会报错,在导出的sql文件上加一行

SET @OLD_FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=@@FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS,FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0; )

  5.1进入数据库,

mysql -u ytkah -p

  输入密码

  5.2显示所有数据库

 show databases;

  5.3选择数据库

use ytkah数据库名;

  显示数据表

show tables;

  5.4导入数据库

source /home/ytkah.sql;

  6、修改域名

update core_config_data set value='https://www.cnblogs.com/ytkah/' where path like '%secure/base_url';

修改magento数据库,core_config_data表中的path为web/unsecure/base_url和web/secure/base_url的内容,为你网站的新域名,注意域名后面的“/”。更换网站完整域名+/ http://www.abc.com/

  7、记得退出数据库

exit (回车)

  

  访问站点试试,再访问后台清理一下缓存,最后测试相关功能是不是正常

  到此,magento迁移服务器算正式完成了

posted @ 2020-09-02 17:14  ytkah  阅读(404)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报
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