python-sqlite3事务

sqlite3事务总结:

在connect()中不传入 isolation_level

事务处理:

使用connection.commit()

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
'''sqlite3事务总结:
在connect()中不传入 isolation_level
事务处理:
    使用connection.commit()

分析:
    智能commit状态:
        生成方式: 在connect()中不传入 isolation_level, 此时isolation_level==''
            在进行 执行Data Modification Language (DML) 操作(INSERT/UPDATE/DELETE/REPLACE)时, 会自动打开一个事务,
            在执行 非DML, 非query (非 SELECT 和上面提到的)语句时, 会隐式执行commit
            可以使用 connection.commit()方法来进行提交
        注意:
            不能和cur.execute("COMMIT")共用
    
    自动commit状态:
        生成方式: 在connect()中传入 isolation_level=None
            这样,在任何DML操作时,都会自动提交
        事务处理
            connection.execute("BEGIN TRANSACTION")
            connection.execute("COMMIT")
        如果不使用事务, 批量添加数据非常缓慢

数据对比:
    两种方式, 事务耗时差别不大
    count = 100000
        智能commit即时提交耗时: 0.621
        自动commit耗时: 0.601
        智能commit即时提交耗时: 0.588
        自动commit耗时: 0.581
        智能commit即时提交耗时: 0.598
        自动commit耗时: 0.588
        智能commit即时提交耗时: 0.589
        自动commit耗时: 0.602
        智能commit即时提交耗时: 0.588
        自动commit耗时: 0.622
'''


import sys
import time


class Elapse_time(object):
    '''耗时统计工具'''
    def __init__(self, prompt=''):
        self.prompt = prompt
        self.start = time.time()
        
    def __del__(self):
        print('%s耗时: %.3f' % (self.prompt, time.time() - self.start))
CElapseTime = Elapse_time

import sqlite3

# -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# 测试
#

filename = 'e:/temp/a.db'

def prepare(isolation_level = ''):
    connection = sqlite3.connect(filename, isolation_level = isolation_level)
    connection.execute("create table IF NOT EXISTS  people (num, age)")
    connection.execute('delete from people')
    connection.commit()
    return connection, connection.cursor()

def db_insert_values(cursor, count):
    num = 1 
    age = 2 * num 
    
    while num <= count:
        cursor.execute("insert into people values (?, ?)", (num, age))
        num += 1
        age = 2 * num 

def study_case1_intelligent_commit(count):
    '''
    在智能commit状态下, 不能和cur.execute("COMMIT")共用
    '''
    connection, cursor = prepare()
    
    elapse_time = Elapse_time('  智能commit')
    db_insert_values(cursor, count)
    #cursor.execute("COMMIT")  #产生异常
    
    cursor.execute("select count(*) from people")
    print (cursor.fetchone())
    
def study_case2_autocommit(count):
    connection, cursor = prepare(isolation_level = None)
    
    elapse_time = Elapse_time('  自动commit')
    db_insert_values(cursor, count)
    
    cursor.execute("select count(*) from people")    
    print (cursor.fetchone())


def study_case3_intelligent_commit_manual(count):
    connection, cursor = prepare()
    
    elapse_time = Elapse_time('  智能commit即时提交')
    db_insert_values(cursor, count)
    connection.commit()
    
    cursor.execute("select count(*) from people")
    print (cursor.fetchone())


def study_case4_autocommit_transaction(count):
    connection, cursor = prepare(isolation_level = None)
    
    elapse_time = Elapse_time('  自动commit')
    connection.execute("BEGIN TRANSACTION;") # 关键点
    db_insert_values(cursor, count)
    connection.execute("COMMIT;")  #关键点
    
    cursor.execute("select count(*) from people;")
    print (cursor.fetchone())


if __name__ == '__main__':
    count = 10000
    prepare()
    for i in range(5):
        #study_case1_intelligent_commit(count) #不提交数据
        #study_case2_autocommit(count)  #非常缓慢
        study_case3_intelligent_commit_manual(count)
        study_case4_autocommit_transaction(count)

 

posted @ 2017-02-18 16:09  一花一世界,一叶一乾坤  阅读(5136)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报