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背水一战 Windows 10 (93) - 选取器: FileOpenPicker, FolderPicker, FileSavePicker

Posted on 2018-06-15 08:02 webabcd 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏

[源码下载]


背水一战 Windows 10 (93) - 选取器: FileOpenPicker, FolderPicker, FileSavePicker



作者:webabcd


介绍
背水一战 Windows 10 之 选取器

  • FileOpenPicker(文件选取窗口)
  • FolderPicker(文件夹选取窗口)
  • FileSavePicker(文件保存窗口)



示例
1、演示如何通过 FileOpenPicker 选择一个文件或多个文件
Picker/FileOpenPickerDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="Windows10.Picker.FileOpenPickerDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:Windows10.Picker"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="10 0 10 10">

            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg" Margin="5" />

            <Button Name="btnPickFile" Content="pick a file" Click="btnPickFile_Click" Margin="5" />

            <Button Name="btnPickFiles" Content="pick multiple files" Click="btnPickFiles_Click" Margin="5" />

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Picker/FileOpenPickerDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * 演示如何通过 FileOpenPicker 选择一个文件或多个文件
 * 
 * FileOpenPicker - 文件选择窗口
 *     ViewMode - 文件选择窗口的视图模式,Windows.Storage.Pickers.PickerViewMode 枚举(List 或 Thumbnail)
 *     SuggestedStartLocation - 文件选择窗口所显示的初始路径,Windows.Storage.Pickers.PickerLocationId 枚举
 *         DocumentsLibrary, ComputerFolder, Desktop,, Downloads, HomeGroup, MusicLibrary, PicturesLibrary, VideosLibrary, Objects3D, Unspecified
 *     FileTypeFilter - 允许显示在文件选择窗口的文件类型集合(* 代表全部)
 *     CommitButtonText - 文件选择窗口的提交按钮的显示文本,此按钮默认显示的文本为“打开”
 *     PickSingleFileAsync() -  弹出文件选择窗口,以让用户选择一个文件
 *     PickMultipleFilesAsync() - 弹出文件选择窗口,以让用户选择多个文件
 */

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using Windows.Storage;
using Windows.Storage.Pickers;
using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace Windows10.Picker
{
    public sealed partial class FileOpenPickerDemo : Page
    {
        public FileOpenPickerDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }

        private async void btnPickFile_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            // 选择一个文件
            FileOpenPicker openPicker = new FileOpenPicker();
            openPicker.CommitButtonText = "选中此文件";
            openPicker.ViewMode = PickerViewMode.Thumbnail;
            openPicker.SuggestedStartLocation = PickerLocationId.ComputerFolder;
            openPicker.FileTypeFilter.Add(".jpg");
            openPicker.FileTypeFilter.Add(".gif");
            openPicker.FileTypeFilter.Add(".png");
            // * 代表全部
            // openPicker.FileTypeFilter.Add("*");

            // 弹出文件选择窗口
            StorageFile file = await openPicker.PickSingleFileAsync(); // 用户在“文件选择窗口”中完成操作后,会返回对应的 StorageFile 对象
            if (file != null)
            {
                lblMsg.Text = "选中文件: " + file.Name;
            }
            else
            {
                lblMsg.Text = "取消了";
            }
        }

        private async void btnPickFiles_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            // 选择多个文件
            FileOpenPicker openPicker = new FileOpenPicker();
            openPicker.ViewMode = PickerViewMode.List;
            openPicker.SuggestedStartLocation = PickerLocationId.DocumentsLibrary;
            openPicker.FileTypeFilter.Add("*");

            // 弹出文件选择窗口
            IReadOnlyList<StorageFile> files = await openPicker.PickMultipleFilesAsync(); // 用户在“文件选择窗口”中完成操作后,会返回对应的 StorageFile 对象
            if (files.Count > 0)
            {
                lblMsg.Text = "选中文件: ";
                lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;
                foreach (StorageFile file in files)
                {
                    lblMsg.Text += (file.Name);
                    lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;
                }
            }
            else
            {
                lblMsg.Text = "取消了";
            }
        }
    }
}


2、演示如何通过 FolderPicker 选择一个文件夹
Picker/FolderPickerDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="Windows10.Picker.FolderPickerDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:Windows10.Picker"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="10 0 10 10">

            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg" Margin="5" />

            <Button Name="btnPickFolder" Content="pick a folder" Click="btnPickFolder_Click" Margin="5" />

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Picker/FolderPickerDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * 演示如何通过 FolderPicker 选择一个文件夹
 * 
 * FolderPicker - 文件夹选择窗口
 *     ViewMode - 文件夹选择窗口的视图模式,Windows.Storage.Pickers.PickerViewMode 枚举(List 或 Thumbnail)
 *     SuggestedStartLocation - 文件夹选择窗口所显示的初始路径,Windows.Storage.Pickers.PickerLocationId 枚举
 *         DocumentsLibrary, ComputerFolder, Desktop,, Downloads, HomeGroup, MusicLibrary, PicturesLibrary, VideosLibrary, Objects3D, Unspecified
 *     FileTypeFilter - 允许显示在文件夹选择窗口的文件类型集合(只能显示符合要求的文件,但是无法选中)
 *     CommitButtonText - 文件夹选择窗口的提交按钮的显示文本,此按钮默认显示的文本为“选择这个文件夹”
 *     PickSingleFolderAsync() - 弹出文件夹选择窗口,以让用户选择一个文件夹
 */

using System;
using Windows.Storage;
using Windows.Storage.Pickers;
using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace Windows10.Picker
{
    public sealed partial class FolderPickerDemo : Page
    {
        public FolderPickerDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }

        private async void btnPickFolder_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            // 选择一个文件夹
            FolderPicker folderPicker = new FolderPicker();
            folderPicker.SuggestedStartLocation = PickerLocationId.Desktop;
            folderPicker.FileTypeFilter.Add(".docx");
            folderPicker.FileTypeFilter.Add(".xlsx");
            folderPicker.FileTypeFilter.Add(".pptx");

            // 弹出文件夹选择窗口
            StorageFolder folder = await folderPicker.PickSingleFolderAsync(); // 用户在“文件夹选择窗口”中完成操作后,会返回对应的 StorageFolder 对象
            if (folder != null)
            {
                lblMsg.Text = "选中文件夹: " + folder.Name;
            }
            else
            {
                lblMsg.Text = "取消了";
            }
        }
    }
}


3、演示如何通过 FileSavePicker 保存文件到指定路径
Picker/FileSavePickerDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="Windows10.Picker.FileSavePickerDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:Windows10.Picker"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="10 0 10 10">

            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg" Margin="5" />

            <Button Name="btnSaveFile" Content="save a file" Click="btnSaveFile_Click" Margin="5" />

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Picker/FileSavePickerDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * 演示如何通过 FileSavePicker 保存文件到指定路径
 * 
 * FileSavePicker - 文件保存窗口
 *     SuggestedStartLocation - 文件保存窗口所显示的初始路径,Windows.Storage.Pickers.PickerLocationId 枚举
 *         DocumentsLibrary, ComputerFolder, Desktop,, Downloads, HomeGroup, MusicLibrary, PicturesLibrary, VideosLibrary, Objects3D, Unspecified
 *     SuggestedFileName - 需要保存的文件的默认文件名
 *     SuggestedSaveFile - 需要保存的文件的默认 StorageFile 对象
 *     FileTypeChoices - 可保存的扩展名集合(* 代表全部)
 *     DefaultFileExtension - 默认扩展名
 *     CommitButtonText - 文件保存窗口的提交按钮的显示文本,此按钮默认显示的文本为“保存”
 *     PickSaveFileAsync() - 弹出文件保存窗口,以让用户保存文件
 */

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using Windows.Storage;
using Windows.Storage.Pickers;
using Windows.Storage.Provider;
using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace Windows10.Picker
{
    public sealed partial class FileSavePickerDemo : Page
    {
        public FileSavePickerDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }

        private async void btnSaveFile_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            FileSavePicker savePicker = new FileSavePicker();
            savePicker.SuggestedStartLocation = PickerLocationId.DocumentsLibrary;

            // 在扩展名选择框中将会显示:文本(.txt)
            savePicker.FileTypeChoices.Add("文本", new List<string>() { ".txt" });
            savePicker.SuggestedFileName = "webabcdFileSavePicker";

            // 弹出文件保存窗口
            StorageFile file = await savePicker.PickSaveFileAsync(); // 用户在“文件保存窗口”中完成操作后,会返回对应的 StorageFile 对象
            if (file != null)
            {
                /*
                 * 运行到此,只是在目标地址创建了一个没有任何内容的空白文件而已,接下来开始向文件写入内容
                 */

                // 告诉 Windows ,从此时开始要防止其它程序更新指定的文件
                CachedFileManager.DeferUpdates(file);

                // 将指定的内容保存到指定的文件
                string textContent = "I am webabcd";
                await FileIO.WriteTextAsync(file, textContent);

                // 告诉 Windows ,从此时开始允许其它程序更新指定的文件
                FileUpdateStatus status = await CachedFileManager.CompleteUpdatesAsync(file);
                if (status == FileUpdateStatus.Complete)
                {
                    lblMsg.Text = "文件 " + file.Name + " 保存成功";
                }

                lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;
                lblMsg.Text += "FileUpdateStatus: " + status.ToString();
            }
            else
            {
                lblMsg.Text = "取消了";
            }
        }
    }
}



OK
[源码下载]