稳扎稳打Silverlight(41) - 3.0Tip/Trick之GPU 加速, Out-Of-Browser, 应用程序库缓存, 合并 ResourceDictionary, 应用程序扩展服务, Silverlight 插件对象

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稳扎稳打Silverlight(41) - 3.0Tip/Trick之GPU 加速, Out-Of-Browser, 应用程序库缓存, 合并 ResourceDictionary, 应用程序扩展服务, Silverlight 插件对象


作者:webabcd


介绍
Silverlight 3.0 提示和技巧系列
  • GPU 加速 - 对 GPU 加速的支持
  • Out-Of-Browser -  浏览器外运行,即支持脱离浏览器运行
  • 应用程序库缓存 - 将 dll(zip) 缓存到客户端浏览器中 
  • 合并 ResourceDictionary - 整合不同位置的 ResourceDictionary 
  • 应用程序扩展服务 - 通过扩展 Application 来提供附加服务
  • Silverlight 插件对象的新增功能 - 在 Silverlight 3.0 中 Silverlight 插件对象的新增功能


在线DEMO
http://www.cnblogs.com/webabcd/archive/2009/08/04/1538238.html


示例
1、如何实现 GPU 加速
GPU.xaml
<navigation:Page x:Class="Silverlight30.Tip.GPU" 
           xmlns
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation" 
           xmlns:x
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" 
           xmlns:d
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
           xmlns:mc
="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
           mc:Ignorable
="d"
           xmlns:navigation
="clr-namespace:System.Windows.Controls;assembly=System.Windows.Controls.Navigation"
           d:DesignWidth
="640" d:DesignHeight="480"
           Title
="GPU Page">
    
<Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot">

        
<Grid.Resources>
            
<Storyboard x:Name="ani" AutoReverse="True" RepeatBehavior="Forever">
                
<DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="st" Storyboard.TargetProperty="ScaleX"
                    From
="1" To="3" Duration="0:0:3" />
                
<DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="st" Storyboard.TargetProperty="ScaleY"
                    From
="1" To="3" Duration="0:0:3" />
                
<DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="rt" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Angle"
                    From
="0" To="360" Duration="0:0:3" />
                
<DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="mediaElement" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity"
                    From
="1" To="0.3" Duration="0:0:3" />
            
</Storyboard>
        
</Grid.Resources>

        
<MediaElement x:Name="mediaElement" Source="/Resource/Demo.mp4" Width="320" Height="240"
            AutoPlay
="True" MediaEnded="mediaElement_MediaEnded" RenderTransformOrigin="0.5,0.5">
            
<MediaElement.RenderTransform>
                
<TransformGroup>
                    
<ScaleTransform x:Name="st" ScaleX="1" ScaleY="1" />
                    
<RotateTransform x:Name="rt" Angle="0" />
                
</TransformGroup>
            
</MediaElement.RenderTransform>
            
            
<!--
                CacheMode - 缓存类型,用于 GPU 加速,当前只支持 BitmapCache(用 CPU 呈现 UIElement 一次,其结果位图会被缓存到 GPU, 然后通过 GPU 处理)
                    可被 GPU 加速的有: Scale, Rotate, Opacity, 矩形的Clip
                CacheMode.RenderAtScale - 位图缓存相对于当前呈现的 UIElement 的放大倍数。由于需要缓存为位图,而对于 Silverlight 的矢量图形来讲,则可以设置此属性以尽可能避免失真(当然,此值设置得越高,GPU 的负担也会越重)
            
-->
            
<MediaElement.CacheMode>
                
<BitmapCache RenderAtScale="1" />
            
</MediaElement.CacheMode>
        
</MediaElement>
        
        
<Image Source="/Resource/Logo.jpg" Width="160" Height="120" />

    
</Grid>
</navigation:Page>

GPU.xaml.cs
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Documents;
using System.Windows.Input;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;
using System.Windows.Shapes;
using System.Windows.Navigation;

namespace Silverlight30.Tip
{
    
public partial class GPU : Page
    
{
        
public GPU()
        
{
            InitializeComponent();

            
this.Loaded += new RoutedEventHandler(GPU_Loaded);
        }


        
void GPU_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        
{
            ani.Begin();
        }


        
private void mediaElement_MediaEnded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        
{
            
// 重播
            mediaElement.Stop();
            mediaElement.Play();
        }

    }

}


GPUTestPage.html(宿主页)
    <div id="silverlightControlHost">
        
<object data="data:application/x-silverlight-2," type="application/x-silverlight-2"
            width
="100%" height="100%">
            
<param name="source" value="ClientBin/Silverlight30.xap" />
            
<param name="onError" value="onSilverlightError" />
            
<param name="background" value="white" />
            
<param name="minRuntimeVersion" value="3.0.40624.0" />
            
<param name="autoUpgrade" value="true" />
            
<!--enableGPUAcceleration - 是否启用 GPU 加速-->
            
<param name="enableGPUAcceleration" value="true" />
            
<!--enableCacheVisualization - 是否将缓存区域可视化-->
            
<!--
              如果该属性为 true 则:
                  本身的颜色代表被缓存的对象
                  红色代表未被缓存的对象
                  绿色代表被自动缓存的对象。如果某对象在被缓存对象的上面,那么该对象会被自动缓存
          
-->
            
<param name="enableCacheVisualization" value="true" />
            
<!--enableFramerateCounter - 是否显示帧率的相关信息-->
            
<!--
              显示的信息在 Silverlight 程序的左上角以黑底白字做显示:
                  第一个参数:帧率(FPS)
                  第二个参数:GPU 的内存的使用情况。单位:KB
          
-->
            
<param name="enableFramerateCounter" value="true" />
            
<href="http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=149156&v=3.0.40624.0" style="text-decoration: none">
                
<img src="http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=108181" alt="Get Microsoft Silverlight"
                    style
="border-style: none" />
            
</a>
        
</object>
        
<iframe id="_sl_historyFrame" style="visibility: hidden; height: 0px; width: 0px;
            border: 0px"
></iframe>
    
</div>


2、Out-Of-Browser(对浏览器外运行的支持)
OutOfBrowser.xaml
<navigation:Page x:Class="Silverlight30.Tip.OutOfBrowser" 
           xmlns
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation" 
           xmlns:x
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" 
           xmlns:d
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
           xmlns:mc
="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
           mc:Ignorable
="d"
           xmlns:navigation
="clr-namespace:System.Windows.Controls;assembly=System.Windows.Controls.Navigation"
           d:DesignWidth
="640" d:DesignHeight="480"
           Title
="OutOfBrowser Page">
    
<Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot">

        
<!--安装/卸载按钮-->    
        
<Button x:Name="button" Click="button_Click" Width="100" Height="30" />
        
    
</Grid>
</navigation:Page>

OutOfBrowser.xaml.cs
/*
 * Application.InstallStateChanged - 浏览器外运行的相关状态发生改变时所触发的事件
 * Application.InstallState - 浏览器外运行的相关状态 [System.Windows.InstallState 枚举]
 *     NotInstalled - 在浏览器中运行
 *     Installing - 安装到桌面中
 *     Installed - 在浏览器外运行
 *     InstallFailed - 安装到桌面的过程中发生错误
 * Application.IsRunningOutOfBrowser - 当前程序是否是从浏览器外启动的
 * Application.Install() - 安装 Silverlight 程序到浏览器外(卸载只能通过右键菜单的方式卸载)
 * Application.CheckAndDownloadUpdateAsync, Application.CheckAndDownloadUpdateCompleted - 一对异步方法/事件,用于更新浏览器外运行的 Silverlight 程序(从服务器上下载新的版本)
 * 
 * 注:在 Silverlight 项目上单击右键 -> 属性 -> Out-of-Browser Settings 可以对“浏览器外运行”的相关参数做设置(也可以手动修改 Properties/OutOfBrowserSettings.xml)
 
*/


using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Documents;
using System.Windows.Input;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;
using System.Windows.Shapes;
using System.Windows.Navigation;

namespace Silverlight30.Tip
{
    
public partial class OutOfBrowser : Page
    
{
        
public OutOfBrowser()
        
{
            InitializeComponent();
            
            
this.Loaded += new RoutedEventHandler(OutOfBrowser_Loaded);
        }


        
void OutOfBrowser_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        
{
            InitButton();

            App.Current.InstallStateChanged 
+= new EventHandler(Current_InstallStateChanged);
        }


        
void Current_InstallStateChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
        
{
            InitButton();
        }


        
private void InitButton()
        
{
            
if (App.Current.IsRunningOutOfBrowser)
            
{
                button.Content 
= "卸载";
            }

            
else
            
{
                button.Content 
= "安装";
            }

        }


        
private void button_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        
{
            
if (!App.Current.IsRunningOutOfBrowser && App.Current.InstallState == InstallState.NotInstalled)
            
{
                App.Current.Install();
            }

            
else
            
{
                MessageBox.Show(
"请右键卸载");
            }

        }

    }

}



3、应用程序库缓存的说明
ApplicationLibraryCaching.xaml
<navigation:Page x:Class="Silverlight30.Tip.ApplicationLibraryCaching" 
           xmlns
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation" 
           xmlns:x
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" 
           xmlns:d
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
           xmlns:mc
="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
           mc:Ignorable
="d"
           xmlns:navigation
="clr-namespace:System.Windows.Controls;assembly=System.Windows.Controls.Navigation"
           d:DesignWidth
="640" d:DesignHeight="480"
           Title
="ApplicationLibraryCaching Page">
    
<Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot">

        
<TextBlock>
            
<Run>
                应用程序缓存 - 将 dll 缓存到客户端浏览器中
            
</Run>
            
<LineBreak />
            
<LineBreak />
            
<Run>
                启用“应用程序缓存” - 在 Silverlight 项目上单击右键 -> 属性 -> 勾选“ Reduce XAP size by using application library caching”复选框
            
</Run>
            
<LineBreak />
            
<Run>
                “应用程序缓存”不能和“脱离浏览器支持”共同使用
            
</Run>
            
<LineBreak />
            
<Run>
                启用应用程序缓存后,可被缓存的 dll 的属性 Copy Local 会被设置为 true
            
</Run>
            
<LineBreak />
            
<Run>
                启用应用程序缓存后,所有可被缓存的 dll 会单独生成一个 zip 包
            
</Run>
            
<LineBreak />
            
<Run>
                AppManifest.xml 会增加相应的 ExternalParts。例: 
&lt;Deployment.ExternalParts&gt;&lt;ExtensionPart Source=&quot;System.Xml.Linq.zip&quot; /&gt;&lt;/Deployment.ExternalParts&gt;
            
</Run>
        
</TextBlock>
    
</Grid>
</navigation:Page>


4、合并 ResourceDictionary 的演示
App.xaml(在此处合并不同位置的 ResourceDictionary)
<Application xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
             xmlns:x
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" 
             x:Class
="Silverlight30.App"
>
    
<Application.Resources>

        
<!--
            以 xaml 方式整合外部 ResourceDictionary
        
-->
        
<ResourceDictionary>
            
<ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
                
<ResourceDictionary Source="Style/ButtonStyle1.xaml" />
                
<ResourceDictionary Source="Style/ButtonStyle2.xaml" />
            
</ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
        
</ResourceDictionary>
        
        
<!--
            以 cs 方式整合外部 ResourceDictionary
            ResourceDictionary dict = System.Windows.Markup.XamlReader.Load(xaml) as ResourceDictionary; 
            Resources.MergedDictionaries.Add(dict);
        
-->
        
    
</Application.Resources>
    
</Application>


5、应用程序扩展服务的 Demo
App.xaml(注册服务)
<Application xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
             xmlns:x
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" 
             x:Class
="Silverlight30.App"
             xmlns:svc
="clr-namespace:Silverlight30.Tip"
>
    
    
<!--
        以 xaml 方式注册扩展服务
    
-->
    
<Application.ApplicationLifetimeObjects>
        
<svc:MyExtensionService />
    
</Application.ApplicationLifetimeObjects>
    
    
<!--
        以 cs 方式注册扩展服务(在 App 的构造函数中)
        ApplicationLifetimeObjects.Add(new Silverlight30.Tip.MyExtensionService());
    
-->
    
</Application>

MyExtensionService.cs
/*
 * 自定义扩展服务需要实现 IApplicationService 接口或 IApplicationLifetimeAware 接口
 * IApplicationService 接口需要实现 StartService() 方法(Application.Startup 事件之前调用)和 StopService() 方法(Application.Exit 事件之后调用)
 * IApplicationLifetimeAware 接口需要实现的方法有 Starting(), Started(), Exiting(), Exited() 其分别在 Application.Startup 事件的之前和之后调用,以及 Application.Exit 事件的之前和之后调用
 
*/


using System;
using System.Net;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Documents;
using System.Windows.Ink;
using System.Windows.Input;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;
using System.Windows.Shapes;

namespace Silverlight30.Tip
{
    
public class MyExtensionService : IApplicationService
    
{
        
public static MyExtensionService Current getset; }
        
public string ExtensionInfo getset; }
        
        
public void StartService(ApplicationServiceContext context)
        
{
            Current 
= this;
            ExtensionInfo 
= "abc xyz";
        }


        
public void StopService()
        
{
            
        }

    }

}


ApplicationExtensionServices.xaml.cs
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Documents;
using System.Windows.Input;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;
using System.Windows.Shapes;
using System.Windows.Navigation;

namespace Silverlight30.Tip
{
    
public partial class ApplicationExtensionServices : Page
    
{
        
public ApplicationExtensionServices()
        
{
            InitializeComponent();

            
this.Loaded += new RoutedEventHandler(ApplicationExtensionServices_Loaded);
        }


        
void ApplicationExtensionServices_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        
{
            
// 调用自定义的扩展服务
            MessageBox.Show(MyExtensionService.Current.ExtensionInfo);
        }

    }

}



6、Silverlight 插件对象的新增功能的简要说明
Plugin.xaml
<navigation:Page x:Class="Silverlight30.Tip.Plugin" 
           xmlns
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation" 
           xmlns:x
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" 
           xmlns:d
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
           xmlns:mc
="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
           mc:Ignorable
="d"
           xmlns:navigation
="clr-namespace:System.Windows.Controls;assembly=System.Windows.Controls.Navigation"
           d:DesignWidth
="640" d:DesignHeight="480"
           Title
="Plugin Page">
    
<Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot">

        
<TextBlock>
            
<Run>
                AllowHtmlPopupWindow - 是否允许使用 HtmlPage.PopupWindow 弹出新窗口
            
</Run>
            
<LineBreak />
            
<Run>
                EnabledAutoZoom - 是否自动调整大小以适应浏览器的缩放
            
</Run>
            
<LineBreak />
            
<Run>
                EnabledNavigation - 是否可以使用 HyperlinkButton 导航到外部链接
            
</Run>
            
<LineBreak />
            
<Run>
                Application.Current.Host.Settings, Application.Current.Host.Content - 可对插件的一些属性和一些事件做设置
            
</Run>
            
<LineBreak />
            
<Run>
                EnableGPUAcceleration, EnableCacheVisualization, EnableFramerateCounter - 参见 GPUTestPage.html 中的说明
            
</Run>
        
</TextBlock>

    
</Grid>
</navigation:Page>


OK
[源码下载]
posted @ 2009-09-08 08:00  webabcd  阅读(5150)  评论(26编辑  收藏  举报