用JQuery仿造QQ头像裁剪功能

最近工作真心忙碌,几乎没时间写博客。今天趁周末来仿一个QQ头像裁剪功能插件。效果如下:

所有文件都可在我的Github上下载,从头到尾从简到繁按步骤一共分了9个HTML文件,每个步骤文件里的注释都写的很清楚,故在本博客内不赘述。

原理:

主要是通过css的clip来裁剪图片可视区域,拖动剪裁窗口这里使用了JQ-UI的draggable插件(但是缩放没有,贪方便可以使用Resizable插件,但都用插件的话就没有研究的意义了)。

缩放功能原理其实很简单,不外乎获取剪裁框的offset()或position(),以及各容器宽高、鼠标位置,然后做个大杂侩计算。

只能说咱做前端的必须要认真耐心地去做计算,虽然过程颇为麻烦,但绝对不是“做不出来”。有的朋友在做某些功能前,可能会因为需要涉及较麻烦的计算就放弃,这是不靠谱的做法。

P.S.:像效果图中会存在图片被选中(变蓝色)的情况,是因为本章直接用的img,如果不喜欢这种图片被选中的情况,可以用一个div直接设置背景替换img即可(不过这里得使用background-size:100% 100%,如果不考虑IE8-的话,利用这种方法交互视觉上感觉会更好些)

贴一下最终版的代码,想要从头看起的朋友可以去我上方提供的连接查看。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
    <title>裁剪头像</title>
    <script src="jq.js"></script>
    <script src="draggable.js"></script> 
    <style type="text/css">
      body {background-color: #333;}
      .pic_wrap{ position:relative; float:left;margin:100px;  width:320px; height:320px; background:black; }
      .pic_wrap img{position:absolute;width:320px; height:320px;}
      .pic1{opacity:0.5;}
      .pic2{clip:rect(0 150px 150px 0);}
      .clip_box{position:absolute; margin-left:-1px; margin-top:-1px;width:150px; height:150px; border:solid 1px white; cursor:move;}
      .clip_box span{display:block; position:absolute; width:8px; height:9px; background:white; border-radius:4px;}
      #lt{left:-4px; top:-4px; cursor:nw-resize;}
      #rt{right:-4px; top:-4px; cursor:ne-resize}
      #lb{left:-4px; bottom:-4px; cursor:sw-resize}
      #rb{right:-4px; bottom:-4px; cursor:se-resize}
      .preview{ margin-top:100px; position:relative; float:left;width:100px; height:100px; overflow:hidden;}
      .pic3{ position:absolute;}
    </style>
    <script type="text/javascript">
    $(function(){
        var $picWrap = $("#pic_wrap");
        var $rawPic = $picWrap.find("img:eq(0)");
        var $clipPic = $picWrap.find("img:eq(1)");
        var $clipBox = $("#clip_box");
        var $prePic = $("#pic3");    //获取预览图
        var prebox_w = $("#preview").width();    //获取预览图容器宽度/高度
        var $lt = $("#lt");
        var $rt = $("#rt");
        var $lb = $("#lb");
        var $rb = $("#rb");
        var wrap_w = $picWrap.width();  
        var isResize = !1;
        var flag = ""; 
        $lt.mousedown(function(e){
            e.stopPropagation();
            isResize=!0;
            flag = "leftTop";
        })
        $rt.mousedown(function(e){
            e.stopPropagation();
            isResize=!0;
            flag = "rightTop";
        })
        $lb.mousedown(function(e){
            e.stopPropagation();
            isResize=!0;
            flag = "leftDown";
        })
        $rb.mousedown(function(e){
            e.stopPropagation();
            isResize=!0;
            flag = "rightDown";
        })
        $(window).mouseup(function(){  
            isResize=!1;
            flag = "";
        })
        $clipBox.find("span").mousemove(function(e){ 
            e.stopPropagation();
        })
        $clipBox.draggable({
             containment: "#pic_wrap",
             drag: function(){ 
                 setClip();
             },
             stop: function(){
                 var box_pl = $clipBox.position().left;
                 var box_pt = $clipBox.position().top;
                 var box_w = $clipBox.width();
                 if(box_pl+box_w>wrap_w){
                     var l = wrap_w - box_w;
                     $clipBox.css("left",l);
                 }
                 if(box_pt+box_w>wrap_w){
                     var t = wrap_w - box_w;
                     $clipBox.css("top",t);
                 }
                 setClip();
             }
        }); 
        $picWrap.mousemove(function(e){
            if(isResize){
                var x = e.pageX;
                var y = e.pageY;
                switch(flag){
                    case "leftTop":leftTop(x);console.log("aa");break;
                    case "rightTop":rightTop(y);break;
                    case "leftDown":leftDown(x);break;
                    case "rightDown":rightDown(y);break;
                    default: break;
                }
            }
        })
        function leftTop(x){
            var box_ol = $clipBox.offset().left;
            var box_pl = $clipBox.position().left;
            var box_pt = $clipBox.position().top;
            var box_w = $clipBox.width();
            var s = x - box_ol;
            var newLeft = box_pl + s;
            var newWidth = box_w - s;
            var newTop = box_pt + s;
            newLeft = newLeft<=0?0:newLeft;  
            newTop = newTop<=0?0:newTop;
            if(newTop+newWidth>=wrap_w){
                newWidth = newWidth<8?8:newWidth;
                newLeft = newLeft+newWidth>wrap_w?newLeft-8:newLeft;
                newTop = wrap_w - newWidth;
            }
            if(newLeft+newWidth>=wrap_w-8){
                newWidth = newWidth<8?8:newWidth;
                newLeft = wrap_w - newWidth;
            }
            $clipBox.css({"left":newLeft,"width":newWidth,"height":newWidth,"top":newTop});
            
            setClip();  
        }
        function rightTop(y){
            var box_ot = $clipBox.offset().top;
            var box_pt = $clipBox.position().top;
            var box_pl = $clipBox.position().left;
            var box_h = $clipBox.height();
            var s = y - box_ot;
            var newTop = box_pt + s;
            var newHeight = box_h - s;
            newTop = newTop<=0?0:newTop;
            if(newHeight+box_pl>=wrap_w){
                return false;
            }
            $clipBox.css({"top":newTop,"width":newHeight,"height":newHeight});
            setClip();
        }
        function leftDown(x){
            var box_ol = $clipBox.offset().left;
            var box_pl = $clipBox.position().left;
            var box_pt = $clipBox.position().top;
            var box_w = $clipBox.width();
            var s = x - box_ol;
            var newLeft = box_pl + s;
            var newWidth = box_w - s;
            newLeft = newLeft<=0?0:newLeft;
            if(newWidth+box_pt>=wrap_w){
                return false;
            }
            $clipBox.css({"left":newLeft,"width":newWidth,"height":newWidth});
            setClip();
        }
        function rightDown(y){
            var box_ot = $clipBox.offset().top;
            var box_pl = $clipBox.position().left;
            var newHeight = y - box_ot;
            if(newHeight+box_pl>=wrap_w){
                return false;
            }
            $clipBox.css({"width":newHeight,"height":newHeight});
            setClip();
        }
        function setClip(){
            var t = $clipBox.position().top;
            var r = $clipBox.position().left + $clipBox.width();
            var b = $clipBox.position().top + $clipBox.height();
            var l = $clipBox.position().left;
            var rect = "rect("+t+"px "+r+"px "+b+"px "+l+"px)";
            $clipPic.css("clip",rect);
            //预览图设置
            var w = $clipBox.width();
            var pre_w = prebox_w / w * wrap_w ; //存在比例 prebox_w / pre_w = w / wrap_w
            var pre_t = pre_w / wrap_w *t;  //存在比例 pre_t / t = pre_w / wrap_w
            var pre_r = pre_w / wrap_w *r;  //存在比例 pre_r / r = pre_w / wrap_w
            var pre_b = pre_w / wrap_w *b;  //存在比例 pre_b / b = pre_w / wrap_w
            var pre_l = pre_w / wrap_w *l;  //存在比例 pre_l / l = pre_w / wrap_w
            var prect = "rect("+pre_t+"px "+pre_r+"px "+pre_b+"px "+pre_l+"px)";
            $prePic.css({"width":pre_w,"height":pre_w,"clip":prect,"left":-pre_l,"top":-pre_t});
        }
        setClip();
    })
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
        <div class="pic_wrap" id="pic_wrap">
            <img class="pic1" src="logo.jpg" />
            <img class="pic2" src="logo.jpg" />
            <div class="clip_box" id="clip_box">
                <span id="lt"></span>
                <span id="rt"></span>
                <span id="lb"></span>
                <span id="rb"></span>
            </div>
        </div>
        
        <div id="preview" class="preview">
            <img class="pic3" id="pic3" src="logo.jpg" />
        </div>
  </body>
</html>


共勉~

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posted @ 2014-09-14 23:59  vajoy  阅读(4389)  评论(13编辑  收藏  举报
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