F1C100S添加SPI LCD液晶驱动

在使用F1C100S的时候常常会使用小尺寸的液晶屏,比如市场上比较常见的1.14寸液晶屏,下面我们来为该液晶屏添加驱动。

下面以内核Linux-5.7内核版本,液晶驱动芯片为ST7789V,四线SPI接口为例:(例中液晶引脚接到SPI1上)

注意:SPI总线的SCLK和SDA两个引脚必须接上拉电阻,10k即可。

这里说明下硬件连接,因为有部分人遇到无法成功问题

LCD液晶引脚 F1C100S板子
SCLK PA2
SDA PA1
CS GND
RESET PE7
DC PE10

1.设备树中添加SPI节点和ST7789V节点:

        spi0:spi@1c05000 {
           compatible = "allwinner,suniv-spi", "allwinner,sun8i-h3-spi";
            reg = <0x1c05000 0x1000>;
            interrupts = <0xa>;
            clocks = <&ccu CLK_BUS_SPI0>, <&ccu CLK_BUS_SPI0>;
            clock-names = "ahb", "mod";
            resets = <&ccu RST_BUS_SPI0>;
            status = "disabled";
            #address-cells = <1>;
            #size-cells = <0>;
            pinctrl-names = "default";
            pinctrl-0 = <&spi0_pins>;
        };

        spi1:spi@1c06000 {
            compatible = "allwinner,suniv-spi", "allwinner,sun8i-h3-spi";
            reg = <0x1c06000 0x1000>;
            interrupts = <0xb>;
            clocks = <&ccu CLK_BUS_SPI1>, <&ccu CLK_BUS_SPI1>;
            clock-names = "ahb", "mod";
            resets = <&ccu RST_BUS_SPI1>;
            status = "disabled";
            #address-cells = <1>;
            #size-cells = <0>;
            bias-pull-up;
            pinctrl-names = "default";
            pinctrl-0 = <&spi1_pins>;
        };

同时在IO节点中申明引脚定义,如下所示:

pio: pinctrl@1c20800 {
            compatible = "allwinner,suniv-f1c100s-pinctrl";
            reg = <0x01c20800 0x400>;
            interrupts = <38>, <39>, <40>;
            clocks = <&ccu CLK_BUS_PIO>, <&osc24M>, <&osc32k>;
            clock-names = "apb", "hosc", "losc";
            gpio-controller;
            interrupt-controller;
            #interrupt-cells = <3>;
            #gpio-cells = <3>;

            uart0_pe_pins: uart0-pe-pins {
                pins = "PE0", "PE1";
                function = "uart0";
            };
            
            lcd_rgb666_pins: lcd-rgb666-pins {
                pins = "PD0", "PD1", "PD2", "PD3", "PD4",
                       "PD5", "PD6", "PD7", "PD8", "PD9",
                       "PD10", "PD11", "PD12", "PD13", "PD14",
                       "PD15", "PD16", "PD17", "PD18", "PD19",
                       "PD20", "PD21";
                function = "lcd";
            };
            
            mmc0_pins: mmc0-pins {
                pins = "PF0", "PF1", "PF2", "PF3", "PF4", "PF5";
                function = "mmc0";
            };

            spi0_pins: spi0-pins{
                pins = "PC0", "PC1", "PC2", "PC3";
                function = "spi0";
            };

            spi1_pins: spi1-pins{
                pins = "PA2","PA0","PA3","PA1";
                function = "spi1";
            };

        };

在设备树中添加ST7789V节点:

&spi1 {
    st7789v@0 {
        status = "okay";
        compatible = "sitronix,st7789v";
               reg = <0>;
               spi-max-frequency = <32000000>;  //最大速度32M
               rotate = <0>;       //屏幕旋转角度
               spi-cpol;      //SPI引脚模式
               spi-cpha;     //SPI引脚模式
               rgb;        //颜色格式为RGB
               fps = <30>;              //刷新帧数30
               buswidth = <8>;       //总线宽度8位
               reset-gpios = <&pio 4 7 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;  //GPIOE7
               dc-gpios = <&pio 4 10 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;    //GPIOE10
               debug = <0>;
        };
    };  

 

2.修改drivers/staging/fbtft/fbtft-core.c文件中的gpio申请函数:

这里简单说下原因:因为在5.2版本之后使用的是另一种方式申请gpio,但是这种方式只是简单的给出了接口,实际并没有申请到gpio,因此当不去修改申请方式的时候,即使内核log提示已经申请成功并注册了驱动,但是实际并没有,导致液晶屏无法驱动起来。

先添加如下头文件:

#include <linux/gpio.h>
#include <linux/of_gpio.h>

然后修改两个函数:

static int fbtft_request_one_gpio(struct fbtft_par *par,
                  const char *name, int index,
                  struct gpio_desc **gpiop)
{
    struct device *dev = par->info->device;
    struct device_node *node = dev->of_node;
    int gpio, flags, ret = 0;
    enum of_gpio_flags of_flags;

    if (of_find_property(node, name, NULL)) {
        gpio = of_get_named_gpio_flags(node, name, index, &of_flags);
        if (gpio == -ENOENT)
            return 0;
        if (gpio == -EPROBE_DEFER)
            return gpio;
        if (gpio < 0) {
            dev_err(dev,
                "failed to get '%s' from DT\n", name);
            return gpio;
        }

         //active low translates to initially low 
        flags = (of_flags & OF_GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW) ? GPIOF_OUT_INIT_LOW :
                            GPIOF_OUT_INIT_HIGH;
        ret = devm_gpio_request_one(dev, gpio, flags,
                        dev->driver->name);
        if (ret) {
            dev_err(dev,
                "gpio_request_one('%s'=%d) failed with %d\n",
                name, gpio, ret);
            return ret;
        }

        *gpiop = gpio_to_desc(gpio);
        fbtft_par_dbg(DEBUG_REQUEST_GPIOS, par, "%s: '%s' = GPIO%d\n",
                            __func__, name, gpio);
    }

    return ret;
}
static int fbtft_request_gpios(struct fbtft_par *par)
{
    int i;
    int ret;

    ret = fbtft_request_one_gpio(par, "reset-gpios", 0, &par->gpio.reset);
    if (ret)
        return ret;
    ret = fbtft_request_one_gpio(par, "dc-gpios", 0, &par->gpio.dc);
    if (ret)
        return ret;
    ret = fbtft_request_one_gpio(par, "rd-gpios", 0, &par->gpio.rd);
    if (ret)
        return ret;
    ret = fbtft_request_one_gpio(par, "wr-gpios", 0, &par->gpio.wr);
    if (ret)
        return ret;
    ret = fbtft_request_one_gpio(par, "cs-gpios", 0, &par->gpio.cs);
    if (ret)
        return ret;
    ret = fbtft_request_one_gpio(par, "latch-gpios", 0, &par->gpio.latch);
    if (ret)
        return ret;
    for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
        ret = fbtft_request_one_gpio(par, "db-gpios", i,
                         &par->gpio.db[i]);
        if (ret)
            return ret;
        ret = fbtft_request_one_gpio(par, "led-gpios", i,
                         &par->gpio.led[i]);
        if (ret)
            return ret;
        ret = fbtft_request_one_gpio(par, "aux-gpios", i,
                         &par->gpio.aux[i]);
        if (ret)
            return ret;
    }

    return 0;
}

3.由于5.7版本的fbtft复位部分有问题,最后没有拉高,所以我们需要修改drivers/staging/fbtft/fbtft-core.c中的fbtft_reset函数:

static void fbtft_reset(struct fbtft_par *par)
{
    if (!par->gpio.reset)
        return;
    fbtft_par_dbg(DEBUG_RESET, par, "%s()\n", __func__);
    gpiod_set_value_cansleep(par->gpio.reset, 1);
    msleep(10);
    gpiod_set_value_cansleep(par->gpio.reset, 0);
    msleep(200);
    gpiod_set_value_cansleep(par->gpio.reset, 1);
    msleep(10);
}

4.最后由于fbtft提供的ST7789V的初始化代码部分有问题,导致颜色对不上,因此我们这里使用STM32中的初始化,修改如下:

  修改drivers/staging/fbtft/fb_st7789v.c中的init_display函数:

static int init_display(struct fbtft_par *par)
{
    par->fbtftops.reset(par);
    mdelay(50);
    write_reg(par,0x36,0x00);
    write_reg(par,0x3A,0x05);
    write_reg(par,0xB2,0x0C,0x0C,0x00,0x33,0x33);
    write_reg(par,0xB7,0x35);
    write_reg(par,0xBB,0x19);
    write_reg(par,0xC0,0x2C);
    write_reg(par,0xC2,0x01);
    write_reg(par,0xC3,0x12);
    write_reg(par,0xC4,0x20);
    write_reg(par,0xC6,0x0F);
    write_reg(par,0xD0,0xA4,0xA1);
    write_reg(par,0xE0,0xD0,0x04,0x0D,0x11,0x13,0x2B,0x3F,0x54,0x4C,0x18,0x0D,0x0B,0x1F,0x23);
    write_reg(par,0xE1,0xD0,0x04,0x0C,0x11,0x13,0x2C,0x3F,0x44,0x51,0x2F,0x1F,0x1F,0x20,0x23);
    write_reg(par,0x21);
    write_reg(par,0x11);
    mdelay(50);
    write_reg(par,0x29);
    mdelay(200);
    return 0;
}

由于FC1000S的SPI中有一个BUG,因此我们在开启SPI驱动的时候必须选择A31(Device Drivers -> SPI support)如图所示:

 

现在选择ST7789V驱动并编译进内核中,如下:

Device Drivers  --->  

    [*] Staging drivers  --->  

        <*>   Support for small TFT LCD display modules  --->

              <*>   FB driver for the ST7789V LCD Controller 

 

 最后make -j4编译镜像:

 

 

posted @ 2020-09-05 22:05  LSWen  阅读(2048)  评论(2编辑  收藏  举报