我的Vue之旅 10 Gin重写后端、实现页面详情页 Mysql + Golang + Gin

第三期 · 使用 Vue 3.1 + Axios + Golang + Mysql + Gin 实现页面详情页

使用 Gin 框架重写后端

Gin Web Framework (gin-gonic.com) 整体代码量相比传统http写法少了30%,简洁、可读性高。

C:.
│   go.mod
│   go.sum
│   init.go
│   main.go
│   
├───controller
│       checkerror.go
│       comment.go
│       gameblog.go
│       gamelist.go
│       post.go
│       test.go
│       
├───router
│       router.go
│
├───structs
│       comment.go
│       gameblog.go
│       gamelist.go
│       post.go
│
├───utils
│       mysql.go
│
└───variable
        variable.go

代码仓库

alicepolice/vue_gin (github.com)

utils/mysql.go 不要重复执行 sql.Open、sql.Close

前几期犯了一个错误, db, err := sql.Open(dbDriver, dbUser+":"+dbPass+"@/"+dbName) 获取到的db对象底层实现了一个连接池,实际上不需要重复去关闭和开启数据库,否则会非常耗时。

官方文档里也写了

返回的数据库对于多个 goroutine 并发使用是安全的,并维护自己的空闲连接池。因此,Open 函数应该只被调用一次。很少需要关闭数据库。

所以只需要调用一次,并存放至全局变量中。

package utils

import (
	"database/sql"
	"time"

	_ "github.com/go-sql-driver/mysql"
	"wolflong.com/vue_gin/variable"
)

func MySqlDB() {
	dbDriver := "mysql"
	dbUser := "root"
	dbPass := "sql2008"
	dbName := "vue"
	db, err := sql.Open(dbDriver, dbUser+":"+dbPass+"@/"+dbName)
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}
	db.SetConnMaxLifetime(time.Minute * 3)
	db.SetMaxOpenConns(256)
	db.SetMaxIdleConns(256)
	variable.DB = db
}
package variable

import (
	"database/sql"
)

var DB *sql.DB

MySQL 建表

drop table if exists users;
drop table if exists comments;

create table users(
uid int primary key auto_increment,
name varchar(255)
);

create table comments(
id int primary key auto_increment,
uid int,
text mediumtext,
pid int,
date long
);

insert into users(uid,name) values
(1001,"西瓜炒芹菜"),
(1002,"玉米炖萝卜"),
(1003,"西红柿炒番茄");

INSERT INTO comments(id, uid, text, pid, date) VALUES (1, 1003, 'asdmoapsdasopdnopasdopasopdas localstorage', 100, 1666107328334);
INSERT INTO comments(id, uid, text, pid, date) VALUES (2, 1003, 'asdmoapsdasopdnopasdopasopdas localstorage', 100, 1666107328836);
INSERT INTO comments(id, uid, text, pid, date)  VALUES (3, 1003, 'asdmoapsdasopdnopasdopasopdas localstorage', 100, 1666107329459);
INSERT INTO comments(id, uid, text, pid, date)  VALUES (4, 1001, 'asdmoapsdasopdnopasdopasopdas localstorage', 100, 1666107331864);
INSERT INTO comments(id, uid, text, pid, date)  VALUES (5, 1001, 'asdmoapsdasopdnopasdopasopdas localstorage', 100, 1666107332720);
INSERT INTO comments(id, uid, text, pid, date)  VALUES (6, 1002, '你好', 100, 1666107337646);

select * from users;
select * from comments;
select * from game;

drop table if exists posts;
create table posts(
id int primary key auto_increment,
bgcolor varchar(7),
textcolor varchar(7),
headimg varchar(255),
videosrc varchar(255),
imgs mediumtext,
html mediumtext
);

insert into posts(id,bgcolor,textcolor,headimg,videosrc,imgs,html) values
(
100,
"#E8E1BC",
"#2f5b71",
"https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221109232741_head.png",
"https://www.youtube.com/embed/zGGTLStyKX0",
'["https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221109233251_1.png",
"https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221109233256_4.png",
"https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221109233253_2.png",
"https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221109233255_3.png",
"https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221109233258_5.png"]
',
'<div class="m-4 text-xl font-bold">
      A sound reverberated from beyond the ocean.
    </div>
    <div class="ml-4 mt-6">
      At the edge of a desolate island, pick up what the waves wash ashore to
      make instruments. Use those instruments to answer the echoes heard from
      beyond the ocean. In this hand-drawn world, enjoy a soothing soundscape
      formed by waves, footsteps and the sounds made from things washed up.
    </div>
    <img
      src="https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221109231919_play.gif"
      class="w-full mt-6 px-4"
    />
    <div class="ml-4 mt-6">
      Resonance of the Ocean is a short adventure game you can play in 10 ~
      30min. This game was made in the 22nd unity1week, a Japanese game jam
      event. This version is updated with an English localization and with small
      changes. In unity1week, this game placed 4th in the overall ranking, and
      1st for art and sound.
    </div>
    <div class="m-4 mt-6 text-xl font-bold">Controls</div>
    <div class="ml-4 mt-6">
      This game only supports keyboard controls.
      <ul class="list-disc ml-6 mt-2">
        <li>Arrow Keys: Move</li>
        <li>Space Key(Or ZXC): Confirm</li>
        <li>ZXC Keys: pick up, replace, throw, search</li>
      </ul>
    </div>
    <div class="m-4 mt-6 text-xl font-bold">Save Function</div>
    <div class="ml-4 mt-6">
      There is no save function available as the time required to complete the
      game is short (10 ~ 30 min). Thank you for your understanding.
    </div>'
),
(
101,
"#FFFFFF",
"#000000",
"https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221110004301_head2.png",
"https://www.youtube.com/embed/vddlEmrbNRw",
'["https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221110004259_7.png",
"https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221110004259_8.png",
"https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221110004259_9.png",
"https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221110004259_10.png"]
',
'
<div class="ml-4 mt-6">
      The past and future cannot be explored alone! Team up with a friend and
      piece together the mysteries surrounding Albert Vanderboom. Communicate
      what you see around you to help one another solve various puzzles and
      explore the worlds from different perspectives!
    </div>
    <div class="ml-4 mt-6">
      The Past Within is the first <a class="underline">co-op</a> only
      point-and-click adventure set in the mysterious world of Rusty Lake.
    </div>
    <div class="m-4 mt-6 text-xl font-bold">Features</div>
    <div class="ml-4 mt-6">
      <ul class="list-disc ml-6 mt-2">
        <li class="font-bold">A co-op experience</li>
        Play together with a friend, one in The Past, the other in The Future.
        Work together to solve the puzzles and help Rose set her father’s plan
        in motion!
        <li class="font-bold">Two worlds - Two perspectives</li>
        Both players will experience their environments in two different
        dimensions: 2D as well as in 3D - a first-time experience in the Rusty
        Lake universe!
        <li class="font-bold">Cross-platform play</li>
        As long as you can communicate with each other, you and your partner of
        choice can each play The Past Within on your preferred platform: PC,
        Mac, iOS, Android and (very soon) Nintendo Switch!
        <li class="font-bold">Playtime & Replayability</li>
        The game contains 2 chapters and has an average play-time of 2 hours.
        For the full experience, we recommend replaying the game from the other
        perspective. Plus you can use our replayability feature for a fresh
        start with new solutions to all puzzles.
      </ul>
    </div>
    '
);
select * from posts;

structs/post.go 结构体分类

使用 在线sql转golang struct 生成 post 结构体保存为post.go。并将之前各个结构体分别放入 structs 文件夹下统一管理。

package structs

type Post struct {
	ID        int64  `db:"id" json:"id"`
	Bgcolor   string `db:"bgcolor" json:"bgcolor"`
	Textcolor string `db:"textcolor" json:"textcolor"`
	Headimg   string `db:"headimg" json:"headimg"`
	Videosrc  string `db:"videosrc" json:"videosrc"`
	Imgs      string `db:"imgs" json:"imgs"`
	Html      string `db:"html" json:"html"`
}

controllers/comment.go 迁移评价机制

image-20221110011525241

package controller

import (
	"time"

	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
	"wolflong.com/vue_gin/structs"
	"wolflong.com/vue_gin/variable"
)

func QueryComment(c *gin.Context) {
	db := variable.DB
	pid := c.Query("pid")
	rows, err := db.Query(`select id,uid,text,pid,date,name from comments join users using(uid) where pid = ?`, pid)
	checkError(err)
	defer rows.Close()
	var res []structs.Comment
	for rows.Next() {
		var c structs.Comment
		err = rows.Scan(&c.ID, &c.UID, &c.Text, &c.Pid, &c.Date, &c.Name)
		checkError(err)
		res = append(res, c)
	}
	c.JSON(200, res)
}

func DeleteComment(c *gin.Context) {
	db := variable.DB
	cid := c.PostForm("id")
	res, err := db.Exec("delete from comments where id = ?", cid)
	checkError(err)
	n, err := res.RowsAffected()
	checkError(err)
	if n == 0 {
		c.JSON(501, gin.H{
			"message": "failure",
		})
		c.Abort()
		return
	}
	c.JSON(200, gin.H{
		"message": "success",
	})
}

func InsertComment(c *gin.Context) {
	db := variable.DB
	uid := c.PostForm("uid")
	pid := c.PostForm("pid")
	text := c.PostForm("text")
	res, err := db.Exec(`INSERT INTO comments(uid,text,pid,date) values(?,?,?,?)`,
		uid, text, pid, time.Now().UnixMilli())
	checkError(err)
	n, err := res.RowsAffected()
	checkError(err)
	if n == 0 {
		c.JSON(501, gin.H{
			"message": "failure",
		})
		c.Abort()
		return
	}
	n, err = res.LastInsertId()
	checkError(err)
	rows, err := db.Query(`select id,uid,text,pid,date,name from comments join users using(uid) where id = ?`, n)
	checkError(err)
	defer rows.Close()
	rows.Next()
	var cm structs.Comment
	rows.Scan(&cm.ID, &cm.UID, &cm.Text, &cm.Pid, &cm.Date, &cm.Name)
	c.JSON(200, cm)
}

controllers/post.go 获取帖子信息

image-20221110011449137

package controller

import (
	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
	"wolflong.com/vue_gin/structs"
	"wolflong.com/vue_gin/variable"
)

func QueryPost(c *gin.Context) {
	db := variable.DB
	pid := c.Query("pid")
	rows, err := db.Query(`select id,bgcolor,textcolor,headimg,videosrc,imgs,html from posts where id = ?`, pid)
	checkError(err)
	defer rows.Close()
	var Post []structs.Post
	rows.Next()
	var g structs.Post
	err = rows.Scan(&g.ID, &g.Bgcolor, &g.Textcolor, &g.Headimg, &g.Videosrc, &g.Imgs, &g.Html)
	checkError(err)
	Post = append(Post, g)
	c.JSON(200, Post)
}

router/router.go 配置路由组

package router

import (
	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
	"wolflong.com/vue_gin/controller"
)

func Router(r *gin.Engine) {
	r.GET("/", controller.HelloWorld)
	r.GET("/queryGameblog", controller.QueryGameBlog)
	r.GET("/queryGamelist", controller.QueryGameList)

	comment := r.Group("/comment")
	{
		comment.GET("/query", controller.QueryComment)
		comment.POST("/delete", controller.DeleteComment)
		comment.POST("/insert", controller.InsertComment)
	}

	post := r.Group("/post")
	{
		post.GET("/query", controller.QueryPost)
	}
}

main.go 启动Gin

package main

import (
	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
	"wolflong.com/vue_gin/router"
	"wolflong.com/vue_gin/utils"
)

func init() {
	utils.MySqlDB()
}

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()
	router.Router(r)
	r.Run(":1314")
}

GameView 详情页

image-20221110011738540


代码仓库

alicepolice/vue10 (github.com)

router/index.ts 动态路由

修改路由代码,使其变为动态路由。

  {
    path: '/gameView/:pid',
    name: 'gameView',
    component: GameViewVue
  },

views/GameView.vue

this.imgs = JSON.parse(data.imgs); 传入解析的字符串数组数据必须是双引号 ["1","2","3"],否则会出错。

在开头对路由参数this.$route.params.pid做了一次类型判断,因为传入的参数可能是 string | string[]

内容介绍使用 V-HTML 标签实现自定义,将路由参数传递给子评论组件实现不同帖子的评论机制。

<template>
  <div :style="{ 'background-color': theme.bgColor, color: theme.textColor }">
    <img :src="headImg" class="w-full" />
    <div class="m-4">A downloadable game for Window</div>
    <div>
      <div class="my_button" style="background-color: #fa5c5c">
        Download Now
        <!-- <b-icon-download
          class="inline-block text-lg align-text-top"
        ></b-icon-download> -->
      </div>
      <span class="ml-3 text-stone-500 text-sm">Name your own price</span>
    </div>

    <div class="h-52 mt-5">
      <iframe class="h-full w-full" frameborder="0" :src="videoSrc"></iframe>
    </div>

    <div class="mt-5 h-48 flex overflow-x-auto">
      <img v-for="(value, index) in imgs" :key="index" :src="value" />
    </div>

    <div v-html="html"></div>

    <div class="m-4 mt-6 text-2xl font-bold">Download</div>
    <div>
      <div class="my_button" style="background-color: #fa5c5c">
        Download Now
      </div>
      <span class="ml-3">Name your own price</span>
    </div>
    <div class="ml-4 mt-6">
      Click download now to get access to the following files:
    </div>

    <div class="ml-4 mt-4 font-bold">
      [BETA] roto_win_v1.2.5.zip 39 MB
      <b-icon-windows
        class="inline-block text-lg align-text-top"
      ></b-icon-windows>
    </div>

    <div class="m-4 mt-6 text-2xl font-bold">Comments</div>
    <comment-test-view class="m-4" :initpid="pid"></comment-test-view>
  </div>
  <bottom-bar :items="bottomItems"></bottom-bar>
</template>

<script lang="ts">
import { defineComponent } from "vue";
import CommentTestView from "@/views/CommentView.vue";
import BottomBar from "@/components/common/BottomBar.vue";

export default defineComponent({
  name: "GameVIew",
  components: { CommentTestView, BottomBar },
  data() {
    return {
      pid: 100,
      theme: {
        bgColor: "#E8E1BC",
        textColor: "#2f5b71",
      },
      headImg:
        "https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221109232741_head.png",
      videoSrc: "https://www.youtube.com/embed/zGGTLStyKX0",
      imgs: [
        "https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221109233251_1.png",
        "https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221109233256_4.png",
        "https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221109233253_2.png",
        "https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221109233255_3.png",
        "https://xiaonenglife.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/static/pic/2022/11/20221109233253_2.png",
      ],
      html: `
      description
      `,
      bottomItems: [
        { text: "Studio Name", icon: "b-icon-house-heart", routerName: "home" },
        { text: "Follow", icon: "b-icon-person-circle", routerName: "about" },
        { text: "Collection", icon: "b-icon-collection", routerName: "about" },
        { text: "Comments", icon: "b-icon-chat-dots", routerName: "about" },
      ],
    };
  },
  created() {
    if (typeof this.$route.params.pid == "string")
      this.pid = parseInt(this.$route.params.pid);
    else this.pid = parseInt(this.$route.params.pid[0]);
    this.axios
      .get("/post/query", {
        params: {
          pid: this.pid,
        },
      })
      .then((response) => {
        if (!response.data) {
          console.log("无数据");
          return;
        }
        let data = response.data[0];
        console.log(data);
        this.theme.bgColor = data.bgcolor;
        this.theme.textColor = data.textcolor;
        this.headImg = data.headimg;
        this.imgs = JSON.parse(data.imgs);
        this.videoSrc = data.videosrc;
        this.html = data.html;
      })
      .catch((err) => {
        console.log(err);
      });
  },
});
</script>

<style scoped>
.my_button {
  @apply w-32
          h-10
          pt-2.5
          text-center
          ml-4
          border border-rose-500
          text-sm text-white
          inline-block
          font-bold
          rounded-md;
}
</style>

views/CommentView.vue

修改组件,添加DEBUGFLAG选项,添加传入初始pid。


<template>
  <div v-if="debug" class="m-2">
    <div class="text-3xl font-bold">[DEBUG] Query Comments</div>
	......
  </div>
  <div v-if="debug" class="m-2">
    <div class="text-3xl font-bold">[DEBUG] Insert Comments</div>
  	......
  </div>
  <div class="m-4 border-stone-500">
    <textarea
      id="text"
      class="input_text h-20 w-full"
      rows="3"
      cols="40"
      placeholder="Write your comment..."
      v-model="text"
    />
  </div>

  <input
    type="button"
    value="Post comment"
    class="
      w-32
      h-10
      text-center
      ml-4
      text-sm text-white
      inline-block
      font-bold
      rounded-md
    "
    style="background-color: #fa5c5c"
    @click="insertComment"
  />
  <comment-area
    :comments="comments"
    :uid="uid"
    @delete-comment="deleteComment"
  ></comment-area>
</template>

<script>
import CommentArea from '@/components/common/CommentArea.vue';
export default {
  components: { CommentArea },
  name: 'CommentTestView',
  props: ["debug", "initpid"],
  data: function () {
    return {
      pid: 0,
      uid: 1003, // TODO VUEX 保存用户UUID
      text: "",
      comments: [
      ]
    }
  },
  methods: {

    insertComment() {
      const params = new URLSearchParams();
      params.append('uid', this.uid)
      params.append('pid', this.pid)
      params.append('text', this.text)
      this.axios.post("comment/insert",
        params
      ).then(response => {
        console.log(response.data)
        this.comments.unshift(
          response.data
        )
        console.log(this.comments)
      }).catch(err => {
        console.log(err)
      })
    },
    deleteComment(id) {
      const params = new URLSearchParams();
      params.append('id', id)
      this.axios.post("comment/delete", params).then(response => {
        console.log(response.data)
        this.comments = this.comments.filter(elem => {
          return elem.id != id
        })
      }).catch(err => {
        console.log(err)
      })
    },
    queryComment() {
      this.axios.get("comment/query", {
        params: {
          pid: this.pid
        }
      }).then(response => {
        if (!response.data) {
          this.comments = []
          return
        }
        this.comments = response.data
        this.comments.reverse()
      }).catch(err => {
        console.log(err)
      })
    }
  },
  created() {
    this.pid = this.initpid;
    this.queryComment();
    let old = localStorage.getItem(`comment_${this.pid}`)
    if (old) {
      this.text = old
    }
  },
  watch: {
    text() {
      localStorage.setItem(`comment_${this.pid}`, this.text)
    }
  }
}
</script>

<style scoped>
.input_text {
  @apply mt-2
        inline-block
        bg-white
        focus:outline-none focus:ring focus:border-blue-200
        py-1.5
        pl-3
        border border-stone-400
        text-sm;
}
.input_button {
  @apply border border-rose-400
        text-sm
        font-bold
        text-rose-500
        rounded-sm
        px-4
        py-1
        mt-2
        ml-4
        active:bg-rose-400 active:text-white;
}
</style>

资料参考

Minimal Example | Axios Docs (axios-http.com)

JSON.parse() - JavaScript | MDN (mozilla.org)

Dynamic routing using Vue Router - LogRocket Blog

常见的HTTP状态码及HTTP状态码大全-太平洋IT百科 (pconline.com.cn)

go-sql-driver/mysql: Go MySQL Driver is a MySQL driver for Go's (golang) database/sql package (github.com)

gin package - github.com/gin-gonic/gin - Go Packages

embedresponsively.com

posted @ 2022-11-10 01:41  小能日记  阅读(380)  评论(4编辑  收藏  举报