Android Activity/Service/Broadcaster三大组件之间互相调用

我们研究两个问题,
1、Service如何通过Broadcaster更改activity的一个TextView。
(研究这个问题,考虑到Service从服务器端获得消息之后,将msg返回给activity)

2、Activity如何通过Binder调用Service的一个方法。
(研究这个问题,考虑到与服务器端交互的动作,打包至Service,Activity只呈现界面,调用Service的方法)

结构图见如下:

效果图如下:

点击“start service”按钮,启动Service,然后更改Activity的UI。

点击“send msg to server”按钮调用Service的方法,显示NotificationBar

代码:
1、新建一个MyService类,继承Service

package com.ljq.activity;
 
 
import android.app.Notification;
import android.app.NotificationManager;
import android.app.PendingIntent;
import android.app.Service;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.os.Binder;
import android.os.IBinder;
 
public class MyService extends Service {
 private NotificationManager notificationManager = null;
 private final IBinder binder = new LocalBinder();
 
 @Override
 public void onCreate() {
  sendMsgtoActivty("Service is oncreating.\n");
 }
 
 @Override
 public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
  String msg = "Activity is sendding message to service,\n Service send msg to server!\n";
  sendMsgtoActivty(msg);
  return binder;
 }
 
 /**
  * 把信息传递给activity
  * 
  * @param msg
  */
 private void sendMsgtoActivty(String msg) {
  Intent intent = new Intent("com.android.Yao.msg");
  intent.putExtra("msg", msg);
  this.sendBroadcast(intent);
 }
  
 @Override
 public void onDestroy() {
  super.onDestroy();
  if(notificationManager!=null){
   notificationManager.cancel(0);
   notificationManager=null;
  }
 }
 
 /**
  * 在状态栏显示通知
  * 
  * @param msg
  */
 private void showNotification(String msg) {
  notificationManager = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
  // 定义Notification的各种属性   
  Notification notification =new Notification(R.drawable.icon,   
          "A Message Coming!", System.currentTimeMillis()); 
  //FLAG_AUTO_CANCEL   该通知能被状态栏的清除按钮给清除掉
  //FLAG_NO_CLEAR      该通知不能被状态栏的清除按钮给清除掉
  //FLAG_ONGOING_EVENT 通知放置在正在运行
  //FLAG_INSISTENT     是否一直进行,比如音乐一直播放,知道用户响应
  notification.flags |= Notification.FLAG_ONGOING_EVENT; // 将此通知放到通知栏的"Ongoing"即"正在运行"组中   
  notification.flags |= Notification.FLAG_NO_CLEAR; // 表明在点击了通知栏中的"清除通知"后,此通知不清除,经常与FLAG_ONGOING_EVENT一起使用   
  notification.flags |= Notification.FLAG_SHOW_LIGHTS;   
  //DEFAULT_ALL     使用所有默认值,比如声音,震动,闪屏等等
  //DEFAULT_LIGHTS  使用默认闪光提示
  //DEFAULT_SOUNDS  使用默认提示声音
  //DEFAULT_VIBRATE 使用默认手机震动,需加上<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.VIBRATE" />权限
  notification.defaults = Notification.DEFAULT_LIGHTS; 
  //叠加效果常量
  //notification.defaults=Notification.DEFAULT_LIGHTS|Notification.DEFAULT_SOUND;
  notification.ledARGB = Color.BLUE;   
  notification.ledOnMS =5000; //闪光时间,毫秒
   
  // 设置通知的事件消息   
  //Intent notificationIntent =new Intent(MainActivity.this, MainActivity.class); // 点击该通知后要跳转的Activity   
  Intent notificationIntent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), MainActivity.class); // 加载类,如果直接通过类名,会在点击时重新加载页面,无法恢复最后页面状态。
  notificationIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_SINGLE_TOP);
  PendingIntent contentItent = PendingIntent.getActivity(this, 0, notificationIntent, 0);   
  notification.setLatestEventInfo(this, "Message", "Message:" + msg, contentItent);
   
  // 把Notification传递给NotificationManager   
  notificationManager.notify(0, notification);
     
 }
  
 /**
  * 从activity获取信息
  * 
  * @param msg
  */
 public void receiverMsgtoActivity(String msg){
  sendMsgtoActivty("\n receiverMsgtoActivity:"+msg);
 }
 
 public void sendMsgtoServer(String msg) {
  showNotification(msg);
 }
 
 public class LocalBinder extends Binder {
  public MyService getService() {
   return MyService.this;
  }
 }
 
}

2、新建MyBroadcastreceiver类,继承BroadcastReceiver,用来发送Intent启动服务

package com.ljq.activity;
 
import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
 
/**
 * 发送Intent启动服务
 * 
 * @author jiqinlin
 *
 */
public class MyBroadcastreceiver extends BroadcastReceiver {
 @Override
 public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
  Intent service = new Intent(context, MyService.class);
  context.startService(service);
 }
 
}

3、新建MainActivity类,其实是一个activity,用来呈现界面

package com.ljq.activity;
 
import java.util.List;
 
import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.ActivityManager;
import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.ComponentName;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.IntentFilter;
import android.content.ServiceConnection;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.IBinder;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.TextView;
 
public class MainActivity extends Activity implements View.OnClickListener {
 private String msg = "";
 private TextView txtMsg;
 private UpdateReceiver receiver;
 private MyService myService;
 private final static String TAG=MainActivity.class.getSimpleName();
 
 @Override
 public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
  super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
  setContentView(R.layout.main);
   
  txtMsg = (TextView) this.findViewById(R.id.txtMsg);
  this.findViewById(R.id.btnStart).setOnClickListener(this);
  this.findViewById(R.id.btnSend).setOnClickListener(this);
   
  //订阅广播Intent
  receiver = new UpdateReceiver();
  IntentFilter filter = new IntentFilter();
  filter.addAction("com.android.Yao.msg");
  this.registerReceiver(receiver, filter);
   
  //初始化时启动服务
  //Intent intent = new Intent(MainActivity.this, MyService.class);
  //this.bindService(intent, conn, BIND_AUTO_CREATE);
 }
  
 @Override
 protected void onDestroy() {
  super.onDestroy();
  //结束服务
  if(conn!=null){
   unbindService(conn);
   myService=null;
  }
    
 }
 
 public class UpdateReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver {
 
  @Override
  public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
   //获取service传过来的信息
   msg = intent.getStringExtra("msg");
   txtMsg.append(msg);
  }
 }
 
 private ServiceConnection conn = new ServiceConnection() {
  @Override
  public void onServiceConnected(ComponentName name, IBinder service) {
   myService = ((MyService.LocalBinder) service).getService();
   Log.i(TAG, "onServiceConnected myService: "+myService);
  }
 
  @Override
  public void onServiceDisconnected(ComponentName name) {
    myService = null;
  }
 
 };
 
 @Override
 public void onClick(View v) {
  Intent intent = new Intent(MainActivity.this, MyService.class);
  switch (v.getId()) {
  case R.id.btnStart:
   //判断服务是否启动
   if(false==isServiceRunning(this, MyService.class.getName())){
    Log.i(TAG, "start "+MyService.class.getSimpleName()+" service");
    this.bindService(intent, conn, BIND_AUTO_CREATE);
   }
   Log.i(TAG, MyService.class.getName()+" run status: "+isServiceRunning(this, MyService.class.getName()));
   break;
  case R.id.btnSend:
   //判断服务是否启动
   if(false==isServiceRunning(this, MyService.class.getName())){
    Log.i(TAG, "start "+MyService.class.getSimpleName()+" service");
    this.bindService(intent, conn, BIND_AUTO_CREATE);
   }
    
   Log.i(TAG, MyService.class.getName()+" run status: "+isServiceRunning(this, MyService.class.getName()));
   Log.i(TAG, "onClick myService: "+myService); //第一次启动服务时此处为null(小编认为虽然服务已启动成功,但是还没全部初始化)
    
   if(myService!=null){
       myService.sendMsgtoServer("i am sending msg to server");
       //从activity传递信息给service
       myService.receiverMsgtoActivity("this is a msg");
      }
   break;
  }
 }
  
 /**
  * 判断服务是否正在运行
  * 
  * @param context
  * @param className 判断的服务名字:包名+类名
  * @return true在运行 false 不在运行
  */
 public static boolean isServiceRunning(Context context, String className) {
  boolean isRunning = false;
   
  ActivityManager activityManager = (ActivityManager) context
    .getSystemService(Context.ACTIVITY_SERVICE);
  //获取所有的服务
  List<ActivityManager.RunningServiceInfo> services= activityManager.getRunningServices(Integer.MAX_VALUE);
  if(services!=null&&services.size()>0){
   for(ActivityManager.RunningServiceInfo service : services){
    if(className.equals(service.service.getClassName())){
     isRunning=true;
     break;
    }
   }
  }
 
  return isRunning;
 }
 
}

4、main.xml布局文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
 android:orientation="vertical" android:layout_width="fill_parent"
 android:layout_height="fill_parent">
 <TextView android:layout_width="fill_parent"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  android:id="@+id/txtMsg" />
 <LinearLayout
  xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
  android:orientation="horizontal"
  android:layout_width="wrap_content"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content">
  <Button android:layout_width="wrap_content"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:text="start service"
   android:id="@+id/btnStart"/>
  <Button android:layout_width="wrap_content"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content"
   android:text="send msg to server"
   android:id="@+id/btnSend"/>
 </LinearLayout>
</LinearLayout>

5、清单文件AndroidManifest.xml,用来配置组件等信息

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
      package="com.ljq.activity"
      android:versionCode="1"
      android:versionName="1.0">
    <application android:icon="@drawable/icon" android:label="@string/app_name">
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity"
                  android:label="@string/app_name">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
        <service android:name=".MyService"/> 
        <receiver android:name=".MyBroadcastreceiver" />
 
    </application>
    <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="7" />
 
</manifest>
posted on 2013-06-21 10:42  Ruthless  阅读(9405)  评论(2编辑  收藏  举报