ZYNQ FLASH+EMMC手动移植LINUX启动

前言

虽可使用Petalinux进行移植,简单方便,但为了更清楚明白的了解整个流程,还是尝试了一波手动移植。

参考资料

ZYNQ Linux 移植:包含petalinux移植和手动移植debian9

ZYNQ #5 - 从vivado工程开始,从emmc启动Linux_里先森-CSDN博客

流程

对于手动移植,所需的文件为:

BOOT.bin(FSBL+fpga_bit文件+u_boot.elf)、uImage、devicetree.dtb、uEnv.txt、文件系统

文件放置位置说明:

FLASH:BOOT.bin(FSBL+fpga_bit文件+u_boot.elf)

EMMC:

第一个分区放置:uImage、devicetree.dtb、uEnv.txt

第二个分区放置:文件系统

启动流程为:板子设置为QSPI启动模式,FSBL执行调u-boot执行,u-boot根据uEnv.txt调EMMC分区1中的内核执行,内核最后跳到分区二中的文件系统。

FSBL、bit文件、uImage、文件系统都可复用SD卡移植模式下的内容:参考参考资料第一个链接。

本文章主要讲述的重点在于:u-boot、设备树、uEnv.txt的更改部分

板子主要信息说明:板子芯片:ZYNQ7035,板子的调试打印串口为PS0,板子上有SD卡(SD0)、EMMC(SD1),板子上有FLASH。其他外设不赘述。

u-boot移植说明:

1.下载u-boot源码:git clone [https://github.com/Xilinx/u-boot-xlnx.git](https://github.com/Xilinx/u-boot-xlnx.git)

NOTE:u-boot xilinx-v2018.3版本的zynq-common.h跟xilinx-v2018.1版本的不一样,这里检出v2018.1版本使用。

主要是CONFIG_EXTRA_ENV_SETTINGS 环境变量不一致。

默认的如下所示:

/* Default environment */
#ifndef CONFIG_EXTRA_ENV_SETTINGS
#define CONFIG_EXTRA_ENV_SETTINGS	\
	"ethaddr=00:0a:35:00:01:22\0"	\
	"kernel_image=uImage\0"	\
	"kernel_load_address=0x2080000\0" \
	"ramdisk_image=uramdisk.image.gz\0"	\
	"ramdisk_load_address=0x4000000\0"	\
	"devicetree_image=devicetree.dtb\0"	\
	"devicetree_load_address=0x2000000\0"	\
	"bitstream_image=system.bit.bin\0"	\
	"boot_image=BOOT.bin\0"	\
	"loadbit_addr=0x100000\0"	\
	"loadbootenv_addr=0x2000000\0" \
	"kernel_size=0x500000\0"	\
	"devicetree_size=0x20000\0"	\
	"ramdisk_size=0x5E0000\0"	\
	"boot_size=0xF00000\0"	\
	"fdt_high=0x20000000\0"	\
	"initrd_high=0x20000000\0"	\
	"bootenv=uEnv.txt\0" \
	"loadbootenv=load mmc 0 ${loadbootenv_addr} ${bootenv}\0" \
	"importbootenv=echo Importing environment from SD ...; " \
		"env import -t ${loadbootenv_addr} $filesize\0" \
	"sd_uEnvtxt_existence_test=test -e mmc 0 /uEnv.txt\0" \
	"preboot=if test $modeboot = sdboot && env run sd_uEnvtxt_existence_test; " \
			"then if env run loadbootenv; " \
				"then env run importbootenv; " \
			"fi; " \
		"fi; \0" \
	"mmc_loadbit=echo Loading bitstream from SD/MMC/eMMC to RAM.. && " \
		"mmcinfo && " \
		"load mmc 0 ${loadbit_addr} ${bitstream_image} && " \
		"fpga load 0 ${loadbit_addr} ${filesize}\0" \
	"norboot=echo Copying Linux from NOR flash to RAM... && " \
		"cp.b 0xE2100000 ${kernel_load_address} ${kernel_size} && " \
		"cp.b 0xE2600000 ${devicetree_load_address} ${devicetree_size} && " \
		"echo Copying ramdisk... && " \
		"cp.b 0xE2620000 ${ramdisk_load_address} ${ramdisk_size} && " \
		"bootm ${kernel_load_address} ${ramdisk_load_address} ${devicetree_load_address}\0" \
	"qspiboot=echo Copying Linux from QSPI flash to RAM... && " \
		"sf probe 0 0 0 && " \
		"sf read ${kernel_load_address} 0x100000 ${kernel_size} && " \
		"sf read ${devicetree_load_address} 0x600000 ${devicetree_size} && " \
		"echo Copying ramdisk... && " \
		"sf read ${ramdisk_load_address} 0x620000 ${ramdisk_size} && " \
		"bootm ${kernel_load_address} ${ramdisk_load_address} ${devicetree_load_address}\0" \
	"uenvboot=" \
		"if run loadbootenv; then " \
			"echo Loaded environment from ${bootenv}; " \
			"run importbootenv; " \
		"fi; " \
		"if test -n $uenvcmd; then " \
			"echo Running uenvcmd ...; " \
			"run uenvcmd; " \
		"fi\0" \
	"sdboot=if mmcinfo; then " \
			"run uenvboot; " \
			"echo Copying Linux from SD to RAM... && " \
			"load mmc 0 ${kernel_load_address} ${kernel_image} && " \
			"load mmc 0 ${devicetree_load_address} ${devicetree_image} && " \
			"load mmc 0 ${ramdisk_load_address} ${ramdisk_image} && " \
			"bootm ${kernel_load_address} ${ramdisk_load_address} ${devicetree_load_address}; " \
		"fi\0" \
	"usbboot=if usb start; then " \
			"run uenvboot; " \
			"echo Copying Linux from USB to RAM... && " \
			"load usb 0 ${kernel_load_address} ${kernel_image} && " \
			"load usb 0 ${devicetree_load_address} ${devicetree_image} && " \
			"load usb 0 ${ramdisk_load_address} ${ramdisk_image} && " \
			"bootm ${kernel_load_address} ${ramdisk_load_address} ${devicetree_load_address}; " \
		"fi\0" \
	"nandboot=echo Copying Linux from NAND flash to RAM... && " \
		"nand read ${kernel_load_address} 0x100000 ${kernel_size} && " \
		"nand read ${devicetree_load_address} 0x600000 ${devicetree_size} && " \
		"echo Copying ramdisk... && " \
		"nand read ${ramdisk_load_address} 0x620000 ${ramdisk_size} && " \
		"bootm ${kernel_load_address} ${ramdisk_load_address} ${devicetree_load_address}\0" \
	"jtagboot=echo TFTPing Linux to RAM... && " \
		"tftpboot ${kernel_load_address} ${kernel_image} && " \
		"tftpboot ${devicetree_load_address} ${devicetree_image} && " \
		"tftpboot ${ramdisk_load_address} ${ramdisk_image} && " \
		"bootm ${kernel_load_address} ${ramdisk_load_address} ${devicetree_load_address}\0" \
	"rsa_norboot=echo Copying Image from NOR flash to RAM... && " \
		"cp.b 0xE2100000 0x100000 ${boot_size} && " \
		"zynqrsa 0x100000 && " \
		"bootm ${kernel_load_address} ${ramdisk_load_address} ${devicetree_load_address}\0" \
	"rsa_nandboot=echo Copying Image from NAND flash to RAM... && " \
		"nand read 0x100000 0x0 ${boot_size} && " \
		"zynqrsa 0x100000 && " \
		"bootm ${kernel_load_address} ${ramdisk_load_address} ${devicetree_load_address}\0" \
	"rsa_qspiboot=echo Copying Image from QSPI flash to RAM... && " \
		"sf probe 0 0 0 && " \
		"sf read 0x100000 0x0 ${boot_size} && " \
		"zynqrsa 0x100000 && " \
		"bootm ${kernel_load_address} ${ramdisk_load_address} ${devicetree_load_address}\0" \
	"rsa_sdboot=echo Copying Image from SD to RAM... && " \
		"load mmc 0 0x100000 ${boot_image} && " \
		"zynqrsa 0x100000 && " \
		"bootm ${kernel_load_address} ${ramdisk_load_address} ${devicetree_load_address}\0" \
	"rsa_jtagboot=echo TFTPing Image to RAM... && " \
		"tftpboot 0x100000 ${boot_image} && " \
		"zynqrsa 0x100000 && " \
		"bootm ${kernel_load_address} ${ramdisk_load_address} ${devicetree_load_address}\0" \
		DFU_ALT_INFO \
		BOOTENV
#endif

可以看到其上定义了一堆的东西及不同的启动指令。

不同的启动指令由#define CONFIG_BOOTCOMMAND指定。

这里想FLASH+EMMC启动,则可以选择sdboot,同时因为EMMC是SD1,所以上述的文件需要进行更改:更改uEnv.txt的存储位置为mmc 1;去掉sdboot中的ramdisk,及存储kernel、设备树位置为mmc 1;修改bootm参数。

	"loadbootenv=load mmc 1 ${loadbootenv_addr} ${bootenv}\0" \
	"importbootenv=echo Importing environment from SD ...; " \
		"env import -t ${loadbootenv_addr} $filesize\0" \
	"sd_uEnvtxt_existence_test=test -e mmc 1 /uEnv.txt\0" \
"sdboot=if mmcinfo; then " \
			"run uenvboot; " \
			"echo Copying Linux from hahahah SD to RAM... && " \
			"load mmc 1 ${kernel_load_address} ${kernel_image} && " \
			"load mmc 1 ${devicetree_load_address} ${devicetree_image} && " \
			"bootm ${kernel_load_address} - ${devicetree_load_address}; " \
		"fi\0" \

上述命令的执行逻辑为:u-boot启动后,执行sdboot指令:

(1)装载uEnv.txt文件并运行;

(2)装载内核、设备树;

(3)运行;

2.由于是自己做的板子,则可以基于类似的板子defconfig进行修改适配u-boot:这里使用zynq_zed_defconfig文件:

(1)增加传统镜像文件支持:CONFIG_IMAGE_FORMAT_LEGACY=y

(2)因为已经知道是从EMMC启动相关文件,则可直接指定:CONFIG_BOOTCOMMAND="mmc dev 1;run sdboot"

mmc dev 1是为了避免u-boot死锁bug(移植petalinux中u-boot存在,为官方bug,这里加上,不知道有没有用);sdboot会直接调用执行zynq-common.h中的对应选项。

(3)因为板子上串口使用的是PS0,修改:CONFIG_DEBUG_UART_BASE=0xe0000000(地址可在设备树中查看)

文件参考:

CONFIG_ARM=y
CONFIG_ARCH_ZYNQ=y
CONFIG_SYS_TEXT_BASE=0x4000000
CONFIG_SPL_STACK_R_ADDR=0x200000
CONFIG_DEFAULT_DEVICE_TREE="zynq-zed"
CONFIG_DEBUG_UART=y
CONFIG_DISTRO_DEFAULTS=y
CONFIG_IMAGE_FORMAT_LEGACY=y
CONFIG_FIT=y
CONFIG_FIT_SIGNATURE=y
CONFIG_FIT_VERBOSE=y
CONFIG_BOOTCOMMAND="mmc dev 1;run sdboot"
# CONFIG_DISPLAY_CPUINFO is not set
CONFIG_SPL=y
CONFIG_SPL_STACK_R=y
CONFIG_SPL_OS_BOOT=y
CONFIG_SYS_PROMPT="Zynq> "
CONFIG_CMD_THOR_DOWNLOAD=y
CONFIG_CMD_DFU=y
# CONFIG_CMD_FLASH is not set
CONFIG_CMD_FPGA_LOADBP=y
CONFIG_CMD_FPGA_LOADFS=y
CONFIG_CMD_FPGA_LOADMK=y
CONFIG_CMD_FPGA_LOADP=y
CONFIG_CMD_GPIO=y
CONFIG_CMD_MMC=y
CONFIG_CMD_SF=y
CONFIG_CMD_USB=y
# CONFIG_CMD_SETEXPR is not set
CONFIG_CMD_TFTPPUT=y
CONFIG_CMD_CACHE=y
CONFIG_CMD_EXT4_WRITE=y
CONFIG_OF_EMBED=y
CONFIG_ENV_IS_IN_SPI_FLASH=y
CONFIG_NET_RANDOM_ETHADDR=y
CONFIG_SPL_DM_SEQ_ALIAS=y
CONFIG_DFU_MMC=y
CONFIG_DFU_RAM=y
CONFIG_FPGA_XILINX=y
CONFIG_DM_GPIO=y
CONFIG_MMC_SDHCI=y
CONFIG_MMC_SDHCI_ZYNQ=y
CONFIG_SPI_FLASH=y
CONFIG_SPI_FLASH_BAR=y
CONFIG_SF_DUAL_FLASH=y
CONFIG_SPI_FLASH_SPANSION=y
CONFIG_SPI_FLASH_STMICRO=y
CONFIG_SPI_FLASH_WINBOND=y
CONFIG_PHY_MARVELL=y
CONFIG_PHY_REALTEK=y
CONFIG_PHY_XILINX=y
CONFIG_ZYNQ_GEM=y
CONFIG_DEBUG_UART_ZYNQ=y
CONFIG_DEBUG_UART_BASE=0xe0000000
CONFIG_DEBUG_UART_CLOCK=50000000
CONFIG_ZYNQ_SERIAL=y
CONFIG_ZYNQ_QSPI=y
CONFIG_USB=y
CONFIG_USB_EHCI_HCD=y
CONFIG_USB_ULPI_VIEWPORT=y
CONFIG_USB_ULPI=y
CONFIG_USB_STORAGE=y
CONFIG_USB_GADGET=y
CONFIG_USB_GADGET_MANUFACTURER="Xilinx"
CONFIG_USB_GADGET_VENDOR_NUM=0x03fd
CONFIG_USB_GADGET_PRODUCT_NUM=0x0300
CONFIG_CI_UDC=y
CONFIG_USB_GADGET_DOWNLOAD=y

3.修改u-boot的设备树:实际上u-boot也带了设备树,这里需要进行修改:

(1)修改uart为uart0;

(2)修改SD为mmc1;

(3)去除QSPI中的分区表;

文件参考:

/*
 * Xilinx ZED board DTS
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2011 - 2015 Xilinx
 *  Copyright (C) 2012 National Instruments Corp.
 *
 * SPDX-License-Identifier:	GPL-2.0+
 */
/dts-v1/;
#include "zynq-7000.dtsi"

/ {
	model = "Zynq Zed Development Board";
	compatible = "xlnx,zynq-zed", "xlnx,zynq-7000";

	aliases {
		ethernet0 = &gem0;
		serial0 = &uart0;
		spi0 = &qspi;
		mmc1 = &sdhci1;
	};

	memory@0 {
		device_type = "memory";
		reg = <0x0 0x20000000>;
	};

	chosen {
		bootargs = "";
		stdout-path = "serial0:115200n8";
	};

	usb_phy0: phy0@e0002000 {
		compatible = "ulpi-phy";
		#phy-cells = <0>;
		reg = <0xe0002000 0x1000>;
		view-port = <0x0170>;
		drv-vbus;
	};
};

&clkc {
	ps-clk-frequency = <33333333>;
};

&gem0 {
	status = "okay";
	phy-mode = "rgmii-id";
	phy-handle = <&ethernet_phy>;

	ethernet_phy: ethernet-phy@0 {
		reg = <0>;
		device_type = "ethernet-phy";
	};
};

&qspi {
	u-boot,dm-pre-reloc;
	status = "okay";
	is-dual = <0>;
	num-cs = <1>;
	flash@0 {
		compatible = "n25q128a11";
		reg = <0x0>;
		spi-tx-bus-width = <1>;
		spi-rx-bus-width = <4>;
		spi-max-frequency = <50000000>;
		#address-cells = <1>;
		#size-cells = <1>;

	};
};

&sdhci1 {
	u-boot,dm-pre-reloc;
	status = "okay";
};

&uart0 {
	u-boot,dm-pre-reloc;
	status = "okay";
};

&usb0 {
	status = "okay";
	dr_mode = "host";
	usb-phy = <&usb_phy0>;
};
  1. 编译u-boot:

清除中间编译:

make distclean

使用配置文件:

make CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabihf- zynq_zed_defconfig

通过下述指令可在界面中uboot进行进一步修改配置:改defconfig文件也可以,暂时默认即可

make CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabihf- menuconfig

工具编译:

make CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabihf- tools

编译u-boot:

make CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabihf-

  1. 修改总设备树的boottags:console=ttyPS0,115200n8 root=/dev/mmcblk1p2 rw noinitrd rootfstype=ext4 rootwait

  2. 修改uEnv.txt为:mmc 0修改为mmc 1;root=/dev/mmcblk1p2

bootargs=console=ttyPS0,115200 root=/dev/mmcblk1p2 rw earlyprintk rootfstype=ext4 rootwait
load_image=fatload mmc 1 ${kernel_load_address} ${kernel_image} && fatload mmc 1 ${devicetree_load_address} ${devicetree_image}
uenvcmd=echo Copying Linux from SD to RAM... && mmcinfo &&  run load_image && bootm ${kernel_load_address} - ${devicetree_load_address}
  1. 组装BOOT.bin,不赘述。
  2. 烧录BOOT.bin到FLASH,对EMMC进行分区,EMMC分区一中放置uImage、devicetree.dtb、uEnv.txt,EMMC分区二中放置文件系统即可。
  3. 启动。
U-Boot 2018.01-dirty (Jul 26 2021 - 20:05:00 +0800)

Model: Zynq Zed Development Board
Board: Xilinx Zynq
Silicon: v3.1
DRAM:  ECC disabled 512 MiB
MMC:   sdhci_transfer_data: Error detected in status(0x208000)!
sdhci@e0101000: 1 (eMMC)
SF: Detected s25fl128s_64k with page size 256 Bytes, erase size 64 KiB, total 16 MiB
*** Warning - bad CRC, using default environment

In:    serial@e0000000
Out:   serial@e0000000
Err:   serial@e0000000
Net:   ZYNQ GEM: e000b000, phyaddr 0, interface rgmii-id
eth0: ethernet@e000b000
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0 
sdhci_transfer_data: Error detected in status(0x208000)!
switch to partitions #0, OK
mmc1(part 0) is current device
Device: sdhci@e0101000
Manufacturer ID: 13
OEM: 14e
Name: Q2J55 
Tran Speed: 25000000
Rd Block Len: 512
MMC version 5.0
High Capacity: Yes
Capacity: 7.1 GiB
Bus Width: 4-bit
Erase Group Size: 512 KiB
HC WP Group Size: 8 MiB
User Capacity: 7.1 GiB WRREL
Boot Capacity: 16 MiB ENH
RPMB Capacity: 4 MiB ENH
reading uEnv.txt
356 bytes read in 11 ms (31.3 KiB/s)
Loaded environment from uEnv.txt
Importing environment from SD ...
Running uenvcmd ...
Copying Linux from SD to RAM...
Device: sdhci@e0101000
Manufacturer ID: 13
OEM: 14e
Name: Q2J55 
Tran Speed: 25000000
Rd Block Len: 512
MMC version 5.0
High Capacity: Yes
Capacity: 7.1 GiB
Bus Width: 4-bit
Erase Group Size: 512 KiB
HC WP Group Size: 8 MiB
User Capacity: 7.1 GiB WRREL
Boot Capacity: 16 MiB ENH
RPMB Capacity: 4 MiB ENH
reading uImage
4001616 bytes read in 377 ms (10.1 MiB/s)
reading devicetree.dtb
17052 bytes read in 18 ms (924.8 KiB/s)
## Booting kernel from Legacy Image at 02080000 ...
   Image Name:   Linux-4.14.0-xilinx
   Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed)
   Data Size:    4001552 Bytes = 3.8 MiB
   Load Address: 00008000
   Entry Point:  00008000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
## Flattened Device Tree blob at 02000000
   Booting using the fdt blob at 0x2000000
   Loading Kernel Image ... OK
   Loading Device Tree to 1eb12000, end 1eb1929b ... OK

以上。

posted @ 2021-07-27 11:07  小翁同学  阅读(2871)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报