【翻译】使用Visual Studio在Azure上部署Asp.Net Core Web应用

配置运行环境

创建Web应用

In the Visual Studio Start Page, tap New Project....

在Visual Studio启示页面,点击New Project…

Alternatively, you can use the menus to create a new project. Tap File > New > Project....

你也可以通过菜单来创建一个新的项目。点击File > New > Project…

Complete the New Project dialog:

完成新项目的创建

  • In the left pane, tap Web

  • 在左边面板,点击Web

  • In the center pane, tap ASP.NET Core Web Application (.NET Core)

  • 在中间的面板,点击选择Asp.Net Core Web Application(.Net Core)

  • Tap OK

  • 点击OK

In the New ASP.NET Core Web Application (.NET Core) dialog:

在New Asp.Net Core Web Application(.Net Core)对话框中:

  • Tap Web Application

  • 点击Web Application

  • Verify Authentication is set to Individual User Accounts

  • Authentication设置成Individual User Accounts

  • Verify Host in the cloud is not checked

  • 不选中Host in the Cloud

  • Tap OK

  • 点击OK

在本地测试应用

  • Press Ctrl-F5 to run the app locally

  • 按Ctrl+F5在本地运行应用

  • Tap the About and Contact links. Depending on the size of your device, you might need to tap the navigation icon to show the links

  • 点击About和Contact链接,根据你设备分辨率的大小,你可能需要点击导航图标才能看到这些链接。

  • Tap Register and register a new user. You can use a fictitious email address. When you submit, you'll get the following error:
  • 点击注册链接注册一个新的用户。你可以输入虚拟的Email地址,当你点击提交的时候,你会看到错误:

You can fix the problem in two different ways:

你可以使用以下两种方式修复问题:

  • Tap Apply Migrations and, once the page updates, refresh the page;

  • 点击Apply Migrations,等待更新后,刷新页面

  • Run the following from a command prompt in the project's directory:

  • 在命令终端下,到项目目录运行以下命令:

dotnet ef database update

The app displays the email used to register the new user and a Log off link.

刷新页面后,页面会显示我们注册的新用户和看到一个Log off的链接。

应用部署到Azure

Right-click on the project in Solution Explorer and select Publish....

在Solution Explorer右键项目,点击Publish

In the Publish dialog, tap Microsoft Azure App Service.

在Publish对话框中,点击Microsoft Azure App service.

Tap New... to create a new resource group. Creating a new resource group will make it easier to delete all the Azure resources you create in this tutorial.

点击New创建一个新的资源组。创建新的资源组可以方便你删除所有在Azure上创建的范例资源。

Create a new resource group and app service plan:

添加一个新的Resource group和app service plan:

  • Tap New... for the resource group and enter a name for the new resource group

  • 在resource group点击New,然后为这个资源组取名

  • Tap New... for the app service plan and select a location near you. You can keep the default generated name

  • 在app service plan点击New,选择一个

  • Tap Explore additional Azure services to create a new database

  • 点击Explore additional Azure services去创建一个新的数据库

  • Tap the green + icon to create a new SQL Database
  • 点击绿色的加号图标创建一个新的Sql数据库

  • Tap New... on the Configure SQL Database dialog to create a new database server.
  • 在Configure Sql Database对话框中点击New创建一个新的数据库

  • Enter an administrator user name and password, and then tap OK. Don't forget the user name and password you create in this step. You can keep the default Server Name
  • 输入一个管理员名和密码,点击OK。不要忘记你设置的用户名和密码。ServerName可以保持默认的。

  • Tap OK on the Configure SQL Database dialog
  • 在Configure SQL Database对话框点击OK

  • Tap Create on the Create App Service dialog
  • 在Creat App Service对话框点击Create

  • Tap Next in the Publish dialog
  • 在Publish对话框点击Next

  • On the Settings stage of the Publish dialog:

  • 点击Publish对话框的Settings标签

    • Expand Databases and check Use this connection string at runtime

    • 扩展Databases,选中Use this connection string at runtime

    • Expand Entity Framework Migrations and check Apply this migration on publish

    • 扩展Entity Framework Migrations,选中Apply this migration on publish

  • Tap Publish and wait until Visual Studio finishes publishing your app

  • 点击Publish,等待Visual Studio完成发布你的应用。

Visual Studio will publish your app to Azure and launch the cloud app in your browser.

Visual Studio会在发布到Azure后通过浏览器打开你在云端部署的应用。

在Azure上测试你的应用

  • Test the About and Contact links

  • 测试About和Contact链接

  • Register a new user

  • 注册一个用户

更新应用

  • Edit the Views/Home/About.cshtml Razor view file and change its contents. For example:
  • 编辑Views/Home/About.cshtml文件,修改它。参考:
@{
       ViewData["Title"] = "About";
   }
   <h2>@ViewData["Title"].</h2>
   <h3>@ViewData["Message"]</h3>

   <p>My updated about page.</p>
  • Right-click on the project and tap Publish... again
  • 再次右键项目点击Publish

  • After the app is published, verify the changes you made are available on Azure
  • 发布后,检查下在Azure端的应用是否改变

清除应用

When you have finished testing the app, go to the Azure portal and delete the app.

当你完成测试后,去Azure后台删除这个应用。

  • Select Resource groups, then tap the resource group you created
  • 选择Resource groups,然后选中你创建的资源组

  • In the Resource group blade, tap Delete
  • 在Resource group选项卡中,点击Delete

  • Enter the name of the resource group and tap Delete. Your app and all other resources created in this tutorial are now deleted from Azure
  • 输入资源组名点击Delete。你的应用和创建的资源在Azure中将会被删除。

原文链接

https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/aspnet/core/tutorials/publish-to-azure-webapp-using-vs

posted @ 2017-01-16 10:38 James.Ying 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏