SpringSecurity整合JWT

一、前言

  最近负责支付宝小程序后端项目设计,这里主要分享一下用户会话、接口鉴权的设计。参考过微信小程序后端的设计,会话需要依靠redis。相关的开发人员和我说依靠Redis并不是很靠谱,redis在业务高峰期不稳定,容易出现问题,总会出现用户会话丢失、超时的问题。之前听过JWT相关的设计,决定尝试一下。

二、什么是JWT

  JSON Web Token(JWT)是一个开放标准(RFC 7519),它定义了一种紧凑且独立的方式,用于在各方之间作为JSON对象安全地传输信息。此信息可以通过数字签名进行验证和信任。JWT可以使用秘密(使用HMAC算法)或使用RSA或ECDSA的公钥/私钥对进行签名。虽然JWT可以加密以在各方之间提供保密,但我们将专注于签名令牌。签名令牌可以验证其中包含的声明的完整性,而加密令牌则隐藏其他方的声明。当使用公钥/私钥对签名令牌时,签名还证明只有持有私钥的一方是签署它的一方。

  更多参考:Introduction to JSON Web Tokens

三、JWT优势

  JWT支持多种方式的信息加密,验证时并不需要依赖缓存。支持存储用户非敏感信息、超时、刷新等操作,JWT由前端在用户发送请求时自动放入header中,可以有效避免CSRF攻击,用来维护服务端和用户会话再好也不过了。

四、JWT工具类

public class JwtUtils {

    /**
     * 创建token
     *
     * @param claim  claim中为userId
     * @param secret 创建token密钥
     * @return token
     */
    public static String createToken(Map claim, String secret) {
        long expirationDate = AlipayServiceAppletConstants.EXPIRATION_DATE;
        LocalDateTime nowTime = LocalDateTime.now();
        return Jwts.builder().setClaims(claim)
                .setSubject("AlipayApplet") //设置token主题
                .setIssuedAt(localDateTimeToDate(nowTime)) //设置token发布时间
                .setExpiration(getExpirationDate(nowTime, expirationDate)) // 设置token过期时间
                .signWith(SignatureAlgorithm.HS512, secret)
                .compact();
    }

    /**
     * 将LocalDateTime转换为Date
     *
     * @param localDateTime
     * @return Date
     */
    public static Date localDateTimeToDate(LocalDateTime localDateTime) {
        ZoneId zoneId = ZoneId.systemDefault();
        ZonedDateTime zdt = localDateTime.atZone(zoneId);
        return Date.from(zdt.toInstant());
    }

    /**
     * 获取token过期的时间
     *
     * @param createTime       token创建时间
     * @param calendarInterval token有效时间间隔
     * @return
     */
    public static Date getExpirationDate(LocalDateTime createTime, long calendarInterval) {
        LocalDateTime expirationDate = createTime.plus(calendarInterval, ChronoUnit.MINUTES);
        return localDateTimeToDate(expirationDate);
    }


    /**
     * JWT  解析token是否正确
     *
     * @param token
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static Claims parseToken(String token) throws ExpiredJwtException {

        Claims claims = Jwts.parser()
                .setSigningKey(AlipayServiceAppletConstants.ALIPAY_APPLET_SECRET)
                .parseClaimsJws(token)
                .getBody();

        return claims;

    }

    /**
     * token 刷新:
     * 1.小于TIME_OUT直接通过;
     * 2.大于TIME_OUT 小于FORBID_REFRES_HTIME需要刷新;
     * 3.超过FORBID_REFRES_HTIME 直接返回禁用刷新;
     *
     * @param oldToken
     * @return
     */
    public static String refresh(String oldToken) {
        long tokenDurationTime = AlipayServiceAppletConstants.EXPIRATION_DATE;//token持续时间/分钟
        long tokenRefreshDurationTime = AlipayServiceAppletConstants.ALIPAY_APPLET_FORBID_REFRES_HTIME;//token允许刷新时间/分钟

        try {
            getExpirationDate(oldToken);
        } catch (ExpiredJwtException e) {
            try {
                long expirationTime = TimeUnit.MINUTES.convert(e.getClaims().getExpiration().toInstant().getEpochSecond(), TimeUnit.SECONDS);
                long nowTime = TimeUnit.MINUTES.convert(Instant.now().getEpochSecond(), TimeUnit.SECONDS);
                long tokenTimeout = nowTime - expirationTime;

                /*2.大于TIME_OUT 小于FORBID_REFRES_HTIME需要刷新*/
                if (tokenTimeout >= tokenDurationTime && tokenTimeout <= tokenRefreshDurationTime) {
                    return createToken(e.getClaims(), AlipayServiceAppletConstants.ALIPAY_APPLET_SECRET);
                }
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                throw new RuntimeException("会话刷新异常...", ex);
            }
        }
        /*3.超过FORBID_REFRES_HTIME 直接返回禁用刷新*/
        throw new RuntimeException("会话不允许刷新...");
    }

    public static Date getExpirationDate(String token) throws ExpiredJwtException {
        Claims claims = parseToken(token);
        Date expiration = claims.getExpiration();
        return expiration;
    }

    public static String resolveUserId() {
        Assert.notNull(SecurityContextHolder.getContext().getAuthentication(), "授权信息不能为NULL.");
        Map<String, Object> userDetail = (Map<String, Object>) SecurityContextHolder.getContext().getAuthentication().getDetails();
        String userId = (String) userDetail.get("userId");
        return userId;
    }
}

  JWT工具类主要功能:token生成、token刷新、token解析、根据token中的用户标识提取用户信息。

五、Spring Security相关知识预热

  这个类定义了spring security内置的filter的优先级

final class FilterComparator implements Comparator<Filter>, Serializable {
    private static final int STEP = 100;
    private Map<String, Integer> filterToOrder = new HashMap<String, Integer>();

    FilterComparator() {
        int order = 100;
        put(ChannelProcessingFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(ConcurrentSessionFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(WebAsyncManagerIntegrationFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(HeaderWriterFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(CorsFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(CsrfFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(LogoutFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(X509AuthenticationFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(AbstractPreAuthenticatedProcessingFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        filterToOrder.put("org.springframework.security.cas.web.CasAuthenticationFilter",
                order);
        order += STEP;
        put(UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(ConcurrentSessionFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        filterToOrder.put(
                "org.springframework.security.openid.OpenIDAuthenticationFilter", order);
        order += STEP;
        put(DefaultLoginPageGeneratingFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(ConcurrentSessionFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(DigestAuthenticationFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(BasicAuthenticationFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(RequestCacheAwareFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(SecurityContextHolderAwareRequestFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(JaasApiIntegrationFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(RememberMeAuthenticationFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(SessionManagementFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(ExceptionTranslationFilter.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(FilterSecurityInterceptor.class, order);
        order += STEP;
        put(SwitchUserFilter.class, order);
    }

    //......
}

  Spring Security 的permitAll以及webIgnore的区别

  • web ignore比较适合配置前端相关的静态资源,它是完全绕过spring security的所有filter的;
  • 而permitAll,会给没有登录的用户适配一个AnonymousAuthenticationToken,设置到SecurityContextHolder,方便后面的filter可以统一处理authentication。
  • 参考链接:https://segmentfault.com/a/1190000012160850

  Spring Security Authentication (认证)原理

  • AuthenticationManager通过委托AuthenticationProvider来实现认证;
  • AuthenticationProvider会调用UserDetailsService拿到UserDetails对象并封装最终的 Authentication 对象放到SecurityContextHolder中;
  • SecurityContextHolder 是 Spring Security 最基础的对象,用于存储应用程序当前安全上下文的详细信息,这些信息后续会被用于授权;

  参考链接:https://www.jianshu.com/p/e8e0e366184e

六、SpringSecurity基本配置

@Configuration
public class AlipayAppletSecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    public void configure(WebSecurity web) {
        web.ignoring().antMatchers("/alipay-applet/login");
        web.ignoring().antMatchers("/alipay-applet/ag");
        web.ignoring().regexMatchers("^(?!(/alipay-applet)).*$");
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) {
        auth.authenticationProvider(new TokenAuthenticationProvider(new SecurityProviderManager()));
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        //禁用缓存
        http.headers().cacheControl();
        http.csrf().disable()
                .authorizeRequests()
                .antMatchers("/alipay-applet/**").authenticated()
                .and()
                .formLogin().disable() //不要UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter
                .httpBasic().disable() //不要BasicAuthenticationFilter
                .sessionManagement().sessionCreationPolicy(SessionCreationPolicy.STATELESS).and()
                .securityContext().and()
                .anonymous().disable()
                .servletApi();

        AuthenticationManager authenticationManager = authenticationManager();
        TokenAuthenticationFilter filter = new TokenAuthenticationFilter(authenticationManager);
        http.addFilterBefore(filter, UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter.class);
    }

    @Bean
    public CorsFilter corsFilter() {
        //1.添加CORS配置信息
        CorsConfiguration config = new CorsConfiguration();
        //放行哪些原始域
        config.addAllowedOrigin("*");
        //是否发送Cookie信息
        config.setAllowCredentials(true);
        //放行哪些原始域(请求方式)
        config.addAllowedMethod("*");
        //放行哪些原始域(头部信息)
        config.addAllowedHeader("*");
        //暴漏刷新token的header
        config.addExposedHeader(AlipayAppletSecurityConstants.RFRESH_TOKEN_HEADER_NAME);
        //2.添加映射路径
        UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource configSource = new UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource();
        configSource.registerCorsConfiguration("/alipay-applet/**", config);

        //3.返回新的CorsFilter.
        return new CorsFilter(configSource);
    }
}

 

  • web ignore配置:忽略非支付宝后端服务的请求、忽略用户登录的请求、忽略支付宝回调请求;
  • 添加自定义AuthenticationProvider;
  • 禁用缓存、不启用CSRF配置(因为是基于token认证,不用担心csrf攻击)、去掉UsernamePasswordAuthenticationFilter和BasicAuthenticationFilter、session策略为STATELESS、禁止匿名访问;
  • CORS设置(针对支付宝小程序后端服务),暴露指定的response header;
  • 添加自定义AuthenticationFilter

七、自定义AuthenticationFilter

class TokenAuthenticationFilter extends OncePerRequestFilter {
    private static Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(TokenAuthenticationFilter.class);

    private final AuthenticationManager authenticationManager;

    public TokenAuthenticationFilter(AuthenticationManager authenticationManager) {
        this.authenticationManager = authenticationManager;
    }

    @Override
    protected void doFilterInternal(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response,
                                    FilterChain filterChain) throws ServletException {
        try {
            if (SecurityContextHolder.getContext().getAuthentication() != null) {
                filterChain.doFilter(request, response);
                //已经完成认证
                return;
            }

            StatelessTokenAuthentication authentication = new StatelessTokenAuthentication(request, response);
            Authentication authResult = authenticationManager.authenticate(authentication);
            Assert.isTrue(authResult.isAuthenticated(), "Token is not authenticated!");
            SecurityContextHolder.getContext().setAuthentication(authResult);
            filterChain.doFilter(request, response);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            LOGGER.error("TokenAuthenticationFilter异常...", e);
            try {
                WmhcomplexmsgcenterErrorHandler.handleCore(request, response, e);
            } catch (ServiceException ex) {
                throw new ServletException(ex);
            }
        }
    }
}
  • 通过SecurityContextHolder.getContext().getAuthentication() != null来判断当前请求是否已经被认证;
  • 构造需要认证的StatelessTokenAuthentication用户凭证信息;
  • 通过AuthenticationManager 验证用户凭证并
  • 返回认证后StatelessTokenAuthentication信息,并绑定到SecurityContextHolder中;

八、自定义AuthenticationProvider

class TokenAuthenticationProvider implements AuthenticationProvider {

    private final SecurityProviderManager providerManager;

    public TokenAuthenticationProvider(SecurityProviderManager providerManager) {
        this.providerManager = providerManager;
    }

    @Override
    public Authentication authenticate(Authentication authentication) throws AuthenticationException {
        StatelessTokenAuthentication tokenAuth = (StatelessTokenAuthentication) authentication;
        StatelessTokenAuthentication.Credentials credentials = (StatelessTokenAuthentication.Credentials) tokenAuth.getCredentials();
        //查找Token
        HttpServletRequest request = credentials.getRequest();
        try {
            return providerManager.parseToken(request);
        } catch (ExpiredJwtException e) {
            HttpServletResponse response = credentials.getResponse();
            try {
                return providerManager.tryRefreshAndParseToken(request, response);
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                throw new InternalAuthenticationServiceException("重新鉴权出错,请重新登陆...", ex);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new InternalAuthenticationServiceException("鉴权出错,请重新登陆...", e);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public boolean supports(Class<?> authentication) {
        return ClassUtils.isAssignable(StatelessTokenAuthentication.class, authentication);
    }
}
  • 验证StatelessTokenAuthentication信息【解析JWT】;
  • JWT过期,在一定时间范围内,自动刷新JWT并写入response header中;
class SecurityProviderManager {
    private static Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(SecurityProviderManager.class);

    private static final String DEFAULT_TOKEN = "ALIPAY#APPLET_DEFAULT#TOKEN[1qa2ws3ed!@#$%^]";

    private String resolveToken(HttpServletRequest request) {
        String token = request.getHeader(AlipayAppletSecurityConstants.TOKEN_HEADER_NAME);
        if (StringUtils.isBlank(token)) {
            throw new TokenNotFoundException("找不到Token, header name is " + AlipayAppletSecurityConstants.TOKEN_HEADER_NAME);
        }
        return token;
    }

    public Authentication parseToken(HttpServletRequest request) {
        String token = this.resolveToken(request);

        Object userDetail;
        try {
            if (!(token.startsWith(DEFAULT_TOKEN) && (userDetail = parseDefaultToken(token)) != null)) {
                userDetail = JwtUtils.parseToken(token);
            }
        } catch (ExpiredJwtException e) {
            throw e;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new IllegalStateException(String.format("token解析异常..., token=%s", token), e);
        }

        if (null == userDetail) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("用户对象不能为null! token=" + token);
        }
        return new StatelessTokenAuthentication(userDetail);
    }

    public Authentication tryRefreshAndParseToken(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) {
        String token = this.resolveToken(request);

        String refreshToken;
        try {
            refreshToken = JwtUtils.refresh(token);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("token刷新异常... token=" + token, e);
        }

        Object userDetail;
        try {
            userDetail = JwtUtils.parseToken(refreshToken);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("token解析异常..., refresh_token=" + refreshToken, e);
        }

        if (null == userDetail) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("用户对象不能为null! refresh_token=" + refreshToken);
        }

        response.addHeader(AlipayAppletSecurityConstants.RFRESH_TOKEN_HEADER_NAME, refreshToken);
        return new StatelessTokenAuthentication(userDetail);
    }

    private static Object parseDefaultToken(String token) {
        String[] session = token.split(":");
        if (session.length == 2) {
            LOGGER.info("alipay applet default token info is " + token);
            return new HashMap<String, Object>() {
                {
                    put("userId", session[1]);
                }
            };
        } else {
            LOGGER.error(String.format("alipay applet default token= %s 不合法", token));
        }
        return null;
    }
}
  • 解析JWT,获取用户信息;
  • 刷新JWT,通知前端,保证会话不会断开;
  • 默认Token侧率,避免测试接口不必要的麻烦;

 九、测试结果

  

  

  

十、总结

  这一次后端鉴权模块的设计也是属于自己的一次突破吧,前后端的联调没有出现太大的岔子。最终顺利的上线了!!!另外分享一下在阅读spring security源码时的收获:AutowireBeanFactoryObjectPostProcessor。对,没错,就是这个对象后置处理器。如果你阅读了spring security的源码,你会发现很多对象,比如WebSecurity、ProviderManager、各个安全Filter等,这些对象的创建并不是通过bean定义的形式被容器发现和注册进入spring容器的,而是直接new出来的。AutowireBeanFactoryObjectPostProcessor这个工具类可以使这些对象具有容器bean同样的生命周期,也能注入相应的依赖,从而进入准备好被使用的状态。参考Spring Security Config 5.1.2 源码解析 -- 工具类 AutowireBeanFactoryObjectPostProcessor

 

posted @ 2019-01-20 00:25  胡峻峥  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏