java8 map flatmap

map: 对于Stream中包含的元素使用给定的转换函数进行转换操作,新生成的Stream只包含转换生成的元素。这个方法有三个对于原始类型的变种方法,分别是:mapToInt,mapToLong和mapToDouble。这三个方法也比较好理解,比如mapToInt就是把原始Stream转换成一个新的Stream,这个新生成的Stream中的元素都是int类型。之所以会有这样三个变种方法,可以免除自动装箱/拆箱的额外消耗;

map方法示意图:

flatMap:和map类似,不同的是其每个元素转换得到的是Stream对象,会把子Stream中的元素压缩到父集合中;

flatMap方法示意图:

 

 

原文地址

http://www.java67.com/2016/03/how-to-use-flatmap-in-java-8-stream.html

一句话

把几个小的list转换到一个大的list。

一张图

 
flatMap操作

一段代码

package test;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;

/**
 * Java Program to demonstrate how to use the flatMap() function in Java 8.
 * The flatMap() function is used to convert a Stream of list of values to
 * just a Stream of values. This is also called flattening of stream.
 *
 * @author Javin Paul
 */
public class Test {

    public static void main(String args[]) {

        List<String> teamIndia = Arrays.asList("Virat", "Dhoni", "Jadeja");
        List<String> teamAustralia = Arrays.asList("Warner", "Watson", "Smith");
        List<String> teamEngland = Arrays.asList("Alex", "Bell", "Broad");
        List<String> teamNewZeland = Arrays.asList("Kane", "Nathan", "Vettori");
        List<String> teamSouthAfrica = Arrays.asList("AB", "Amla", "Faf");
        List<String> teamWestIndies = Arrays.asList("Sammy", "Gayle", "Narine");
        List<String> teamSriLanka = Arrays.asList("Mahela", "Sanga", "Dilshan");
        List<String> teamPakistan = Arrays.asList("Misbah", "Afridi", "Shehzad");
        
        List<List<String>> playersInWorldCup2016 = new ArrayList<>();
        playersInWorldCup2016.add(teamIndia);
        playersInWorldCup2016.add(teamAustralia);
        playersInWorldCup2016.add(teamEngland);
        playersInWorldCup2016.add(teamNewZeland);
        playersInWorldCup2016.add(teamSouthAfrica);
        playersInWorldCup2016.add(teamWestIndies);
        playersInWorldCup2016.add(teamSriLanka);
        playersInWorldCup2016.add(teamPakistan);
        
        // Let's print all players before Java 8
        List<String> listOfAllPlayers = new ArrayList<>();
        
        for(List<String> team : playersInWorldCup2016){
            for(String name : team){
                listOfAllPlayers.add(name);
            }
        }
        
        System.out.println("Players playing in world cup 2016");
        System.out.println(listOfAllPlayers);
        
        
        // Now let's do this in Java 8 using FlatMap
        List<String> flatMapList = playersInWorldCup2016.stream()
                                                        .flatMap(pList -> pList.stream())
                                                        .collect(Collectors.toList());
        
        System.out.println("List of all Players using Java 8");
        System.out.println(flatMapList);
    }

}

Output
run:
Players playing in world cup 2016
[Virat, Dhoni, Jadeja, Warner, Watson, Smith, Alex, Bell, Broad, Kane, Nathan, Vettori, AB, Amla, Faf, Sammy, Gayle, Narine, Mahela, Sanga, Dilshan, Misbah, Afridi, Shehzad]
List of all Players using Java 8
[Virat, Dhoni, Jadeja, Warner, Watson, Smith, Alex, Bell, Broad, Kane, Nathan, Vettori, AB, Amla, Faf, Sammy, Gayle, Narine, Mahela, Sanga, Dilshan, Misbah, Afridi, Shehzad]
BUILD SUCCESSFUL (total time: 0 seconds)

 

posted @ 2018-04-11 11:55  穆穆兔兔  阅读(43196)  评论(4编辑  收藏  举报