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spring提供了有两种方式的bean definition解析器:PropertiesBeanDefinitionReader和XmLBeanDefinitionReader即属性文件格式的bean definition解析器和xml文件格式的bean definition解析器。

我们先从简单的PropertiesBeanDefinitionReader开始深入挖掘。

1. PropertiesBeanDefinitionReader 属性文件bean definition解析器

 1.1  作用:一种简单的属性文件格式的bean definition解析器,提供以Map/Properties类型ResourceBundle类型定义的bean的注册方法。例如:

 employee.(class)=MyClass       // bean is of class MyClass
 employee.(abstract)=true       // this bean can't be instantiated directly
 employee.group=Insurance       // real property
 employee.usesDialUp=false      // real property (potentially overridden)

 salesrep.(parent)=employee     // derives from "employee" bean definition
 salesrep.(lazy-init)=true      // lazily initialize this singleton bean
 salesrep.manager(ref)=tony     // reference to another bean
 salesrep.department=Sales      // real property

 techie.(parent)=employee       // derives from "employee" bean definition
 techie.(scope)=prototype       // bean is a prototype (not a shared instance)
 techie.manager(ref)=jeff       // reference to another bean
 techie.department=Engineering  // real property
 techie.usesDialUp=true         // real property (overriding parent value)

 ceo.$0(ref)=secretary          // inject 'secretary' bean as 0th constructor arg
 ceo.$1=1000000                 // inject value '1000000' at 1st constructor arg

1.2 层次结构

public class PropertiesBeanDefinitionReader extends AbstractBeanDefinitionReader {
}

public abstract class AbstractBeanDefinitionReader implements EnvironmentCapable, BeanDefinitionReader {
}

其中:

EnvironmentCapable接口是一个包含和暴露Enviroment引用的组件。所有的spring的application context都继承了EnvironmentCapable接口,这个接口的主要用来在框架中使用instanceof方法检测,为了和enviroment进行交互,instanceof方法用来检查beanFactory实例是否是applicationContext实例。
像说明提到到,applicationContext继承了EnvironmentCapable接口,因此暴露了一个getEnviroment()方法,ConfigurableApplicationContext重写了getEnviroment方法,返回了一个ConfigurableEnviroment。
BeanDefinitionReader接口定义了bean definition 解析器的基本方法,特别是使用resource来加载bean definition的方法。

1.3 抽象bean definition解析器AbstractBeanDefinitionReader 

1.3.1 EnvironmentCapable接口只有一个方法getEnviroment(),其实现如下:
        // Inherit Environment if possible
        if (this.registry instanceof EnvironmentCapable) {
            this.environment = ((EnvironmentCapable) this.registry).getEnvironment();
        }
        else {
            this.environment = new StandardEnvironment();
        }

当实现了BeanDefinitionRegistry接口的beanFactory同时实现了EnvironmentCapable接口,则直接使用该beanfactory的getEnviroment()方法,否则使用默认的标准Enviroment。

其中,StandardEnvironment类实现了Enviroment接口,适用于标准的应用(例如非web应用)。该接口还通过AbstractEnvironment接口间接继承ConfigurableEnvironment接口,故具有ConfigurableEnvironment接口的功能:属性解析和profile相关操作。同时该类还配置了两个默认属性源,按照查询顺序如下:

系统属性,系统环境变量。

这就是说,若键"xyz" 即是当前进程的jvm的系统属性也是系统环境变量,则键值则是从系统属性中获取(environment.getProperty("xyz")). 这种顺序安排是系统默认的,因为系统属性优先于jvm,而系统环境变量则可以在给定系统的多个jvm中共享。系统属性优先允许对不同jvm的环境变量进行定制。

 1.3.2 BeanDefinitionReader接口实现方法

BeanDefinitionReader接口提供了标准的解析器方法: 

ClassLoader getBeanClassLoader() 返回加载bean类型(classes)的class loader。
BeanNameGenerator getBeanNameGenerator() 返回匿名bean(没有指明name的bean)的BeanNameGenerator. 
BeanDefinitionRegistry getRegistry()返回注册bean definition的beanFactory. 
ResourceLoader getResourceLoader()返回指定资源位置的 resource loader. 
int loadBeanDefinitions(Resource... resources) 根据指定的多个资源加载bean definition. 
int loadBeanDefinitions(Resource resource) 根据指定的一个资源加载bean definition.
int loadBeanDefinitions(String... locations) 根据指定的多个资源位置加载. 
int loadBeanDefinitions(String location) 根据指定的一个资源位置加载bean definition.

其中,BeanDefinitionRegistry是构造函数传入的,resourceloader获取:

        // Determine ResourceLoader to use.
        if (this.registry instanceof ResourceLoader) {
            this.resourceLoader = (ResourceLoader) this.registry;
        }
        else {
            this.resourceLoader = new PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver();
        }

其中最重要的方法是根据特定资源的位置来加载bean definiton

public int loadBeanDefinitions(String location, Set<Resource> actualResources) throws BeanDefinitionStoreException {
        ResourceLoader resourceLoader = getResourceLoader();
        if (resourceLoader == null) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(
                    "Cannot import bean definitions from location [" + location + "]: no ResourceLoader available");
        }

        if (resourceLoader instanceof ResourcePatternResolver) {
            // Resource pattern matching available.
            try {
                Resource[] resources = ((ResourcePatternResolver) resourceLoader).getResources(location);
                int loadCount = loadBeanDefinitions(resources);
                if (actualResources != null) {
                    for (Resource resource : resources) {
                        actualResources.add(resource);
                    }
                }
                if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                    logger.debug("Loaded " + loadCount + " bean definitions from location pattern [" + location + "]");
                }
                return loadCount;
            }
            catch (IOException ex) {
                throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(
                        "Could not resolve bean definition resource pattern [" + location + "]", ex);
            }
        }
        else {
            // Can only load single resources by absolute URL.
            Resource resource = resourceLoader.getResource(location);
            int loadCount = loadBeanDefinitions(resource);
            if (actualResources != null) {
                actualResources.add(resource);
            }
            if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                logger.debug("Loaded " + loadCount + " bean definitions from location [" + location + "]");
            }
            return loadCount;
        }
    }

这个方法既支持url绝对路径的单个资源加载,也支持正则表达式的模式匹配资源加载。其中loadBeanDefinitions()放到子类去执行,在PropertiesBeanDefinitionReader中我们可以看到使用属性文件中去读取(具体细节就不赘叙了),请自行参考代码:

public int loadBeanDefinitions(EncodedResource encodedResource, String prefix)
            throws BeanDefinitionStoreException {

        Properties props = new Properties();
        try {
            InputStream is = encodedResource.getResource().getInputStream();
            try {
                if (encodedResource.getEncoding() != null) {
                    getPropertiesPersister().load(props, new InputStreamReader(is, encodedResource.getEncoding()));
                }
                else {
                    getPropertiesPersister().load(props, is);
                }
            }
            finally {
                is.close();
            }
            return registerBeanDefinitions(props, prefix, encodedResource.getResource().getDescription());
        }
        catch (IOException ex) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException("Could not parse properties from " + encodedResource.getResource(), ex);
        }
    }

XmlBeanDefinitionReader 读取bean definition属性通过特定的xml文件(具体细节就不赘叙了,请自行参考代码),如下所示:

public int loadBeanDefinitions(EncodedResource encodedResource) throws BeanDefinitionStoreException {
        Assert.notNull(encodedResource, "EncodedResource must not be null");
        if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
            logger.info("Loading XML bean definitions from " + encodedResource.getResource());
        }

        Set<EncodedResource> currentResources = this.resourcesCurrentlyBeingLoaded.get();
        if (currentResources == null) {
            currentResources = new HashSet<EncodedResource>(4);
            this.resourcesCurrentlyBeingLoaded.set(currentResources);
        }
        if (!currentResources.add(encodedResource)) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(
                    "Detected cyclic loading of " + encodedResource + " - check your import definitions!");
        }
        try {
            InputStream inputStream = encodedResource.getResource().getInputStream();
            try {
                InputSource inputSource = new InputSource(inputStream);
                if (encodedResource.getEncoding() != null) {
                    inputSource.setEncoding(encodedResource.getEncoding());
                }
                return doLoadBeanDefinitions(inputSource, encodedResource.getResource());
            }
            finally {
                inputStream.close();
            }
        }
        catch (IOException ex) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(
                    "IOException parsing XML document from " + encodedResource.getResource(), ex);
        }
        finally {
            currentResources.remove(encodedResource);
            if (currentResources.isEmpty()) {
                this.resourcesCurrentlyBeingLoaded.remove();
            }
        }
    }

1.4 根据给定前缀,读取所有属性并根据名称将bean增加到bean factory之中。

protected void registerBeanDefinition(String beanName, Map<?, ?> map, String prefix, String resourceDescription)
            throws BeansException {

        String className = null;
        String parent = null;
        String scope = GenericBeanDefinition.SCOPE_SINGLETON;
        boolean isAbstract = false;
        boolean lazyInit = false;

        ConstructorArgumentValues cas = new ConstructorArgumentValues();
        MutablePropertyValues pvs = new MutablePropertyValues();

        for (Map.Entry<?, ?> entry : map.entrySet()) {
            String key = StringUtils.trimWhitespace((String) entry.getKey());
            if (key.startsWith(prefix + SEPARATOR)) {
                String property = key.substring(prefix.length() + SEPARATOR.length());
                if (CLASS_KEY.equals(property)) {
                    className = StringUtils.trimWhitespace((String) entry.getValue());
                }
                else if (PARENT_KEY.equals(property)) {
                    parent = StringUtils.trimWhitespace((String) entry.getValue());
                }
                else if (ABSTRACT_KEY.equals(property)) {
                    String val = StringUtils.trimWhitespace((String) entry.getValue());
                    isAbstract = TRUE_VALUE.equals(val);
                }
                else if (SCOPE_KEY.equals(property)) {
                    // Spring 2.0 style
                    scope = StringUtils.trimWhitespace((String) entry.getValue());
                }
                else if (SINGLETON_KEY.equals(property)) {
                    // Spring 1.2 style
                    String val = StringUtils.trimWhitespace((String) entry.getValue());
                    scope = ((val == null || TRUE_VALUE.equals(val) ? GenericBeanDefinition.SCOPE_SINGLETON :
                            GenericBeanDefinition.SCOPE_PROTOTYPE));
                }
                else if (LAZY_INIT_KEY.equals(property)) {
                    String val = StringUtils.trimWhitespace((String) entry.getValue());
                    lazyInit = TRUE_VALUE.equals(val);
                }
                else if (property.startsWith(CONSTRUCTOR_ARG_PREFIX)) {
                    if (property.endsWith(REF_SUFFIX)) {
                        int index = Integer.parseInt(property.substring(1, property.length() - REF_SUFFIX.length()));
                        cas.addIndexedArgumentValue(index, new RuntimeBeanReference(entry.getValue().toString()));
                    }
                    else {
                        int index = Integer.parseInt(property.substring(1));
                        cas.addIndexedArgumentValue(index, readValue(entry));
                    }
                }
                else if (property.endsWith(REF_SUFFIX)) {
                    // This isn't a real property, but a reference to another prototype
                    // Extract property name: property is of form dog(ref)
                    property = property.substring(0, property.length() - REF_SUFFIX.length());
                    String ref = StringUtils.trimWhitespace((String) entry.getValue());

                    // It doesn't matter if the referenced bean hasn't yet been registered:
                    // this will ensure that the reference is resolved at runtime.
                    Object val = new RuntimeBeanReference(ref);
                    pvs.add(property, val);
                }
                else {
                    // It's a normal bean property.
                    pvs.add(property, readValue(entry));
                }
            }
        }

        if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
            logger.debug("Registering bean definition for bean name '" + beanName + "' with " + pvs);
        }

        // Just use default parent if we're not dealing with the parent itself,
        // and if there's no class name specified. The latter has to happen for
        // backwards compatibility reasons.
        if (parent == null && className == null && !beanName.equals(this.defaultParentBean)) {
            parent = this.defaultParentBean;
        }

        try {
            AbstractBeanDefinition bd = BeanDefinitionReaderUtils.createBeanDefinition(
                    parent, className, getBeanClassLoader());
            bd.setScope(scope);
            bd.setAbstract(isAbstract);
            bd.setLazyInit(lazyInit);
            bd.setConstructorArgumentValues(cas);
            bd.setPropertyValues(pvs);
            getRegistry().registerBeanDefinition(beanName, bd);
        }
        catch (ClassNotFoundException ex) {
            throw new CannotLoadBeanClassException(resourceDescription, beanName, className, ex);
        }
        catch (LinkageError err) {
            throw new CannotLoadBeanClassException(resourceDescription, beanName, className, err);
        }
    }

其中,bean definition中所有属性如下:

static String ABSTRACT_KEY
Special key to distinguish owner.(abstract)=true Default is "false".
static String CLASS_KEY
Special key to distinguish owner.(class)=com.myapp.MyClass-
static String CONSTRUCTOR_ARG_PREFIX
Prefix used to denote a constructor argument definition.
static String LAZY_INIT_KEY
Special key to distinguish owner.(lazy-init)=true Default is "false".
static String PARENT_KEY
Special key to distinguish owner.(parent)=parentBeanName.
static String REF_PREFIX
Prefix before values referencing other beans.
static String REF_SUFFIX
Property suffix for references to other beans in the current BeanFactory: e.g.
static String SCOPE_KEY
Special key to distinguish owner.(scope)=prototype.
static String SEPARATOR
Separator between bean name and property name.
static String SINGLETON_KEY
Special key to distinguish owner.(singleton)=false.
static String TRUE_VALUE
Value of a T/F attribute that represents true.

 

2. XmlBeanDefinitionReader解析器和PropertiesBeanDefinitionReader解析器基本相同,但在获取bean definition(上面已经论述过)和bean 的注册时不同的。

其真正实现如下代码所示:

/**
     * Register each bean definition within the given root {@code <beans/>} element.
     */
    protected void doRegisterBeanDefinitions(Element root) {
        String profileSpec = root.getAttribute(PROFILE_ATTRIBUTE);
        if (StringUtils.hasText(profileSpec)) {
            String[] specifiedProfiles = StringUtils.tokenizeToStringArray(
                    profileSpec, BeanDefinitionParserDelegate.MULTI_VALUE_ATTRIBUTE_DELIMITERS);
            if (!getEnvironment().acceptsProfiles(specifiedProfiles)) {
                return;
            }
        }

        // Any nested <beans> elements will cause recursion in this method. In
        // order to propagate and preserve <beans> default-* attributes correctly,
        // keep track of the current (parent) delegate, which may be null. Create
        // the new (child) delegate with a reference to the parent for fallback purposes,
        // then ultimately reset this.delegate back to its original (parent) reference.
        // this behavior emulates a stack of delegates without actually necessitating one.
        BeanDefinitionParserDelegate parent = this.delegate;
        this.delegate = createDelegate(this.readerContext, root, parent);

        preProcessXml(root);
        parseBeanDefinitions(root, this.delegate);
        postProcessXml(root);

        this.delegate = parent;
    }

3. 小结

spring提供了有两种方式的bean definition解析器:PropertiesBeanDefinitionReader和XmLBeanDefinitionReader即属性文件格式的bean definition解析器和xml文件格式的bean definition解析器。

不同有两点:

1. 根据Resource 加载 bean definition。PropertiesBeanDefinitionReader从属性文件中读取bean definition的属性,XmLBeanDefinitionReader从xml文件中读取bean definition的属性。

2. 注册bean definition。和加载bean definitino类同,只是方式不同。

 

posted on 2014-12-29 11:03  一天不进步,就是退步  阅读(7109)  评论(2编辑  收藏