dpdk在虚拟机上出错处理

正文

DPDK介绍见:www.dpdk.org

本文介绍的步骤基本适用于dpdk 1.7.0 - dpdk 2.0.0 各版本。只是setup.sh显示的菜单有一些小的不同; 
同样的,也适用于ubuntu更高版本(已在ubuntu 12.04+及14.04上验证过)

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1. 所用系统与软件版本

系统:Ubuntu 12.04.3 LTS 64位, CentOS Linux release 7.0.1406 64位 
dpdk: 1.7.0 (下载页

dpdk 1.7.1 经过试验,发现在这两个系统上都有问题, 运行各示例程序都有以下错误 
  EAL: Error reading from file descriptor

这个bug已经由dpdk的开发人员修复,patch内容如下:

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diff --git a/lib/librte_eal/linuxapp/igb_uio/igb_uio.c b/lib/librte_eal/linuxapp/igb_uio/igb_uio.c
index d1ca26e..c46a00f 100644
--- a/lib/librte_eal/linuxapp/igb_uio/igb_uio.c
+++ b/lib/librte_eal/linuxapp/igb_uio/igb_uio.c
@@ -505,14 +505,11 @@ igbuio_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *dev, const struct pci_device_id *id)
         }
         /* fall back to INTX */
     case RTE_INTR_MODE_LEGACY:
-        if (pci_intx_mask_supported(dev)) {
-            dev_dbg(&dev->dev, "using INTX");
-            udev->info.irq_flags = IRQF_SHARED;
-            udev->info.irq = dev->irq;
-            udev->mode = RTE_INTR_MODE_LEGACY;
-            break;
-        }
-        dev_notice(&dev->dev, "PCI INTX mask not supported\n");
+        dev_dbg(&dev->dev, "using INTX");
+        udev->info.irq_flags = IRQF_SHARED;
+        udev->info.irq = dev->irq;
+        udev->mode = RTE_INTR_MODE_LEGACY;
+        break;
         /* fall back to no IRQ */
     case RTE_INTR_MODE_NONE:
         udev->mode = RTE_INTR_MODE_NONE;

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在虚拟机里使用时,打上以上的补丁,或手工修改文件后重新编译即可。

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2. 虚拟机配置

虚拟机软件:VMWare WorkStation 10.0.1 build-1379776 
CPU: 2个CPU, 每个CPU2个核心 
内存: 1GB+ 
网卡:intel网卡*2, 用于dpdk试验;另一块网卡用于和宿主系统进行通信

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3. Ubuntu 12.04上的配置

3.1 准备

需要安装gcc及其他一些小工具等,默认都有了,没有的话运行sudo apt-get install装一下。dkdk的一些脚本用到了python,也装一下。

3.2 通过setup脚本进行配置

首先运行su切换到root权限,root没有开的话使用

sudo passwd root

来开一下。

dpdk提供了一个方便的配置脚本: <dpdk>/tools/setup.sh,通过它可以方便地配置环境。 
1) 设置环境变量,这里是linux 64位的配置

export RTE_SDK=<dpdk主目录>
export RTE_TARGET=x86_64-native-linuxapp-gcc

2)运行setup.sh,显示如下

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------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 RTE_SDK exported as /home/hack/dpdk-1.7.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------
 Step 1: Select the DPDK environment to build
----------------------------------------------------------
[1] i686-native-linuxapp-gcc
[2] i686-native-linuxapp-icc
[3] x86_64-ivshmem-linuxapp-gcc
[4] x86_64-ivshmem-linuxapp-icc
[5] x86_64-native-bsdapp-gcc
[6] x86_64-native-linuxapp-gcc
[7] x86_64-native-linuxapp-icc

----------------------------------------------------------
 Step 2: Setup linuxapp environment
----------------------------------------------------------
[8] Insert IGB UIO module
[9] Insert VFIO module
[10] Insert KNI module
[11] Setup hugepage mappings for non-NUMA systems
[12] Setup hugepage mappings for NUMA systems
[13] Display current Ethernet device settings
[14] Bind Ethernet device to IGB UIO module
[15] Bind Ethernet device to VFIO module
[16] Setup VFIO permissions

----------------------------------------------------------
 Step 3: Run test application for linuxapp environment
----------------------------------------------------------
[17] Run test application ($RTE_TARGET/app/test)
[18] Run testpmd application in interactive mode ($RTE_TARGET/app/testpmd)

----------------------------------------------------------
 Step 4: Other tools
----------------------------------------------------------
[19] List hugepage info from /proc/meminfo

----------------------------------------------------------
 Step 5: Uninstall and system cleanup
----------------------------------------------------------
[20] Uninstall all targets
[21] Unbind NICs from IGB UIO driver
[22] Remove IGB UIO module
[23] Remove VFIO module
[24] Remove KNI module
[25] Remove hugepage mappings

[26] Exit Script

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选择6, 进行编译

3)选择8, 插入igb_uio模块

4)选择11,配置大页内存(非NUMA),选择后会提示你选择页数,输入64,128什么的即可

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Removing currently reserved hugepages
Unmounting /mnt/huge and removing directory

  Input the number of 2MB pages
  Example: to have 128MB of hugepages available, enter '64' to
  reserve 64 * 2MB pages
Number of pages: 128

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选择19,可以确认一下大页内存的配置:

AnonHugePages:         0 kB
HugePages_Total:     128
HugePages_Free:      128
HugePages_Rsvd:        0
HugePages_Surp:        0
Hugepagesize:       2048 kB

5)选择14, 绑定dpdk要使用的网卡

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Network devices using DPDK-compatible driver
============================================
<none>

Network devices using kernel driver
===================================
0000:02:01.0 '82545EM Gigabit Ethernet Controller (Copper)' if=eth0 drv=e1000 unused=igb_uio *Active*
0000:02:06.0 '82545EM Gigabit Ethernet Controller (Copper)' if=eth1 drv=e1000 unused=igb_uio 
0000:02:07.0 '82545EM Gigabit Ethernet Controller (Copper)' if=eth2 drv=e1000 unused=igb_uio 

Other network devices
=====================
<none>

Enter PCI address of device to bind to IGB UIO driver: 0000:02:06.0

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绑定好后,选择13,可以查看当前的网卡配置:

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Network devices using DPDK-compatible driver
============================================
0000:02:06.0 '82545EM Gigabit Ethernet Controller (Copper)' drv=igb_uio unused=e1000
0000:02:07.0 '82545EM Gigabit Ethernet Controller (Copper)' drv=igb_uio unused=e1000

Network devices using kernel driver
===================================
0000:02:01.0 '82545EM Gigabit Ethernet Controller (Copper)' if=eth0 drv=e1000 unused=igb_uio *Active*

Other network devices
=====================
<none>

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6)选择18, 运行testpmd测试程序

注意,运行这个测试程序,虚拟机最好提供2个网卡用于dpdk。

  Enter hex bitmask of cores to execute testpmd app on
  Example: to execute app on cores 0 to 7, enter 0xff
bitmask: f

如果没问题,按回车后会出现以下输出:

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Launching app
EAL: Detected lcore 0 as core 0 on socket 0
EAL: Detected lcore 1 as core 1 on socket 0
EAL: Detected lcore 2 as core 0 on socket 0
EAL: Detected lcore 3 as core 1 on socket 0
EAL: Support maximum 64 logical core(s) by configuration.
EAL: Detected 4 lcore(s)
EAL: Setting up memory...
EAL: Ask a virtual area of 0xf000000 bytes
EAL: Virtual area found at 0x7fe828000000 (size = 0xf000000)
EAL: Ask a virtual area of 0x200000 bytes
EAL: Virtual area found at 0x7fe827c00000 (size = 0x200000)
EAL: Ask a virtual area of 0x200000 bytes
EAL: Virtual area found at 0x7fe827800000 (size = 0x200000)
EAL: Ask a virtual area of 0x800000 bytes
EAL: Virtual area found at 0x7fe826e00000 (size = 0x800000)
EAL: Ask a virtual area of 0x400000 bytes
EAL: Virtual area found at 0x7fe826800000 (size = 0x400000)
EAL: Requesting 128 pages of size 2MB from socket 0
EAL: TSC frequency is ~3292453 KHz
EAL: Master core 0 is ready (tid=37c79800)
EAL: Core 3 is ready (tid=24ffc700)
EAL: Core 2 is ready (tid=257fd700)
EAL: Core 1 is ready (tid=25ffe700)
EAL: PCI device 0000:02:01.0 on NUMA socket -1
EAL:   probe driver: 8086:100f rte_em_pmd
EAL:   0000:02:01.0 not managed by UIO driver, skipping
EAL: PCI device 0000:02:06.0 on NUMA socket -1
EAL:   probe driver: 8086:100f rte_em_pmd
EAL:   PCI memory mapped at 0x7fe837c23000
EAL:   PCI memory mapped at 0x7fe837c13000
EAL: PCI device 0000:02:07.0 on NUMA socket -1
EAL:   probe driver: 8086:100f rte_em_pmd
EAL:   PCI memory mapped at 0x7fe837bf3000
EAL:   PCI memory mapped at 0x7fe837be3000
Interactive-mode selected
Configuring Port 0 (socket 0)
Port 0: 00:0C:29:14:50:CE
Configuring Port 1 (socket 0)
Port 1: 00:0C:29:14:50:D8
Checking link statuses...
Port 0 Link Up - speed 1000 Mbps - full-duplex
Port 1 Link Up - speed 1000 Mbps - full-duplex
Done
testpmd> 

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输入start, 开始包转发

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testpmd> start
  io packet forwarding - CRC stripping disabled - packets/burst=32
  nb forwarding cores=1 - nb forwarding ports=2
  RX queues=1 - RX desc=128 - RX free threshold=0
  RX threshold registers: pthresh=8 hthresh=8 wthresh=0
  TX queues=1 - TX desc=512 - TX free threshold=0
  TX threshold registers: pthresh=32 hthresh=0 wthresh=0
  TX RS bit threshold=0 - TXQ flags=0x0

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输入stop,停止包转发,这时会显示统计信息

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testpmd> stop
Telling cores to stop...
Waiting for lcores to finish...

  ---------------------- Forward statistics for port 0  ----------------------
  RX-packets: 5544832        RX-dropped: 0             RX-total: 5544832
  TX-packets: 5544832        TX-dropped: 0             TX-total: 5544832
  ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

  ---------------------- Forward statistics for port 1  ----------------------
  RX-packets: 5544832        RX-dropped: 0             RX-total: 5544832
  TX-packets: 5544832        TX-dropped: 0             TX-total: 5544832
  ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

  +++++++++++++++ Accumulated forward statistics for all ports+++++++++++++++
  RX-packets: 11089664       RX-dropped: 0             RX-total: 11089664
  TX-packets: 11089664       TX-dropped: 0             TX-total: 11089664
  ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Done.

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3.3 通过命令配置

最好切换到root权限。

1)编译dpdk

进入dpdk主目录<dpdk>,输入

make install T=x86_64-native-linuxapp-gcc

进行编译

2)配置大页内存(非NUMA)

echo 128 > /sys/kernel/mm/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages
mkdir /mnt/huge
mount -t hugetlbfs nodev /mnt/huge

可以用以下命令查看大页内存状态:

cat /proc/meminfo | grep Huge

3)安装igb_uio驱动

modprobe uio
insmod x86_64-native-linuxapp-gcc/kmod/igb_uio.ko

4)绑定网卡

先看一下当前网卡的状态

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 ./tools/dpdk_nic_bind.py --status

Network devices using DPDK-compatible driver
============================================
<none>

Network devices using kernel driver
===================================
0000:02:01.0 '82545EM Gigabit Ethernet Controller (Copper)' if=eth0 drv=e1000 unused=igb_uio *Active*

Other network devices
=====================
0000:02:06.0 '82545EM Gigabit Ethernet Controller (Copper)' unused=e1000,igb_uio
0000:02:07.0 '82545EM Gigabit Ethernet Controller (Copper)' unused=e1000,igb_uio

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进行绑定:

./tools/dpdk_nic_bind.py -b igb_uio 0000:02:06.0
./tools/dpdk_nic_bind.py -b igb_uio 0000:02:07.0

如果网卡有接口名,如eth1, eth2, 也可以在-b igb_uio后面使用接口名, 而不使用pci地址。

5) 运行testpmd测试程序

 ./x86_64-native-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c 0x3 -n 2 -- -i

6)编译运行其他示例程序

<dpdk>/examples下面有很多示例程序,这些程序在dpdk编译时,没有被编译。这里以编译helloworld为例,首先要设置环境变量:

export RTE_SDK=<dpdk主目录>
export RTE_TARGET=x86_64-native-linuxapp-gcc

之后进入<dpdk>/examples/helloworld,运行make,成功会生成build目录,其中有编译好的helloworld程序。

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4. CentOS 7.0上的配置

4.1 准备

安装CentOS虚拟机时,如果选择minimal安装,还需要安装其下的基本开发工具集(含gcc,python等)

另外,dpdk提供的dpdk_nic_bind.py脚本中会调用到lspci命令,这个默认没有安装,运行以下命令安装(不安装此工具则无法绑定网卡):

yum install pciutils

ifconfig默认也没有安装,如果想用它,应运行:

yum install net-tools

在CentOS上,要绑定给dpdk使用的网卡在绑定前,可能是活动的(active),应将其禁用,否则无法绑定。禁用的一种方式是运行:

ifconfig eno33554984 down

eno33554984是接口名,如同eth0一样。

在CentOS上使用setup.sh和通过命令编译和配置dpdk的过程与Ubuntu一样,这里就从略了。

posted @ 2017-03-28 14:43  陈立扬  阅读(1692)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报
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