vue+vue-router+vuex实战

shopping

vue + vue-router + vuex实现电商网站

效果展示

install

  • 下载代码: git clone https://github.com/chenchangyuan/shopping.git
  • 安装依赖: npm install
  • 启动项目: npm run dev

    运行环境: node v9.11.1 npm 5.6.0

需求分析

  1. 登录页面、商品列表页(网站首页)、购物车页(实现结算)、商品详情页
  2. 可按颜色、品牌对商品进行筛选,单击选中,再次点击取消
  3. 根据价格进行升序降序、销量降序排列
  4. 商品列表显示图片、名称、销量、颜色、单价
  5. 实时显示购物车数量(商品类别数)
  6. 购物车页面实现商品总价、总数进行结算,优惠券打折

数据存储 & 数据处理

  • product.js存放商品数据(生产环境需通过接口调用获取数据)
{
    id: 1,
    name: 'AirPods',
    brand: 'Apple',
    image: '/src/images/airPods.jpg',
    imageDetail: '/src/images/airPods_detail.jpg',
    sales: 10000,
    cost: 1288,
    color: '白色'
},
  • window.localStorage实现数据存储与验证
let username = window.localStorage.getItem('username');
let password = window.localStorage.getItem('password');
if(!util.trim(this.username) || !util.trim(this.username) ){
    window.alert('账号或密码不能为空');
    return;
}
if(username === this.username && password === this.password){
    this.login = false;
    window.localStorage.setItem('loginStatus', 'login');
    this.$store.commit('getUser', this.username);
    window.alert('登陆成功,确定进入网站首页');
    window.location.href = '/list';
}else{
    window.alert('账号或密码错误');
}

数据过滤与排序处理

filteredAndOrderedList(){
    //拷贝原数组
    let list = [...this.list];
    //品牌过滤
    if(this.filterBrand !== ''){
        list = list.filter(item => item.brand === this.filterBrand);
    }
    //颜色过滤
    if(this.filterColor !== ''){
        list = list.filter(item => item.color === this.filterColor);
    }
    //排序
    if(this.order !== ''){
        if(this.order === 'sales'){
            list = list.sort((a, b) => b.sales - a.sales);
        }else if(this.order === 'cost-desc'){
            list = list.sort((a, b) => b.cost - a.cost);
        }else if(this.order === 'cost-asc'){
            list = list.sort((a, b) => a.cost - b.cost);
        }
    }
    return list;
}

实时显示应付总额与商品数

//购物车商品总数
countAll(){
    let count = 0;
    this.cartList.forEach(item => {
        count += item.count;
    });
    return count;
},
//购物车商品总价
costAll(){
    let cost = 0;
    this.cartList.forEach(item => {
        cost += this.productDictList[item.id].cost * item.count;
    });
    return cost;
}

购物车结算处理

//通知Vuex,完成下单
handleOrder(){
    this.$store.dispatch('buy').then(() => {
        window.alert('购买成功');
    })
},

vue-router & vuex

vue-router路由管理/src/views/目录下的vue组件进行设置,router-views挂载所有路由,登录界面与商品列表页面之间header做隐藏显示处理,登录状态下刷新页面跳转至列表页,其他页面设置默认跳转

跳转处理

const router = new VueRouter(RouterConfig);

//跳转前设置title
router.beforeEach((to, from, next) => {
    window.document.title = to.meta.title;
    next();
});
//跳转后设置scroll为原点
router.afterEach((to, from, next) => {
    window.scrollTo(0, 0);
});

routers配置

//商品列表路由配置
const routers = [
    {
        path: '/list',
        meta: {
            title: '商品列表'
        },
        component: (resolve) => require(['./views/list.vue'], resolve)
    },
    {
        path: '/product/:id',
        meta: {
            title: '商品详情'
        },
        component: (resolve) => require(['./views/product.vue'], resolve)
    },
    {
        path: '/cart',
        meta: {
            title: '购物车'
        },
        component: (resolve) => require(['./views/cart.vue'], resolve)
    },
    {
        path: '/login/:loginStatus',
        meta: {
            title: '购物车'
        },
        component: (resolve) => require(['./views/login.vue'], resolve)
    },
    {
        path: '*',
        redirect: '/login/login'
    }
];
export default routers;

vuex状态管理,各组件共享数据在state中设置,mutation实现数据同步,action异步加载

//配置Vuex状态管理
const store = new Vuex.Store({
    state: {
        //商品列表信息
        productList: [],
        //购物车数据,数组形式,数据元素为对象(商品id,购买数量count)
        cartList: [],
        //当前用户账号
        username: window.localStorage.getItem('username'),
        //登录状态
        loginStatus: !!window.localStorage.getItem('loginStatus'),
    },
    getters: {
        //品牌、颜色筛选
        brands: state => {
            const brands = state.productList.map(item => item.brand);
            return util.getFilterArray(brands);
        },
        colors: state => {
            const colors = state.productList.map(item => item.color);
            return util.getFilterArray(colors);
        }
    },
    //mutations只能以同步方式
    mutations: {
        //添加商品列表
        setProductList(state, data){
            state.productList = data;
        },
        //添加购物车
        addCart(state, id){
            const isAdded = state.cartList.find(item => item.id === id);
            //如果不存在设置购物车为1,存在count++
            if(isAdded){
                isAdded.count++;
            }else{
                state.cartList.push({
                    id: id,
                    count: 1
                })
            }
        },
        //修改购物车商品数量
        editCartCount(state, payload){
            const product = state.cartList.find(item => item.id === payload.id);
            product.count += payload.count;
        },
        //删除购物车商品
        deleteCart(state, id){
            const index = state.cartList.findIndex(item => item.id === id);
            state.cartList.splice(index, 1)
        },
        //清空购物车
        emptyCart(state){
            state.cartList = [];
        },
        getUser(state, username){
            console.log('username',username)
            state.username = username;
        },
        getLoginStatus(state, flag){
            state.loginStatus = flag;
        }
    },
    actions: {
        //异步请求商品列表,暂且使用setTimeout
        getProductList(context){
            setTimeout(() => {
                context.commit('setProductList', product_data)
            }, 500);
        },
        //购买
        buy(context){
            //生产环境使用ajax请求服务端响应后再清空购物车
            return new Promise(resolve => {
                setTimeout(() => {
                    context.commit('emptyCart');
                    resolve();
                }, 500);
            });
        },
    }
});

后记

项目地址: 阅读完本文如果对vue的理解有所帮助,请给颗star,谢谢~

笔者个人微信gm4118679254,欢迎加好友一起交流技术

参考资料

Vue.js实战
Vue.js

posted @ 2019-03-19 17:39 蟹丸 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏