(四十三)c#Winform自定义控件-Listview

前提

入行已经7,8年了,一直想做一套漂亮点的自定义控件,于是就有了本系列文章。

GitHub:https://github.com/kwwwvagaa/NetWinformControl

码云:https://gitee.com/kwwwvagaa/net_winform_custom_control.git

如果觉得写的还行,请点个 star 支持一下吧

欢迎前来交流探讨: 企鹅群568015492 企鹅群568015492

麻烦博客下方点个【推荐】,谢谢

NuGet

Install-Package HZH_Controls

目录

https://www.cnblogs.com/bfyx/p/11364884.html

用处及效果

使用分页控件效果

不使用分页控件效果

准备工作

我们需要元素控件,需要列表控件,另外为了具有更好的扩展性,元素控件实现接口,方便进行扩展

我们用到了分页控件,如果你还不了解,请移步查看

(十二)c#Winform自定义控件-分页控件

我们这里的元素控件用到圆角,故继承基类控件UCControlBase,如果不了解,请移步查看

(一)c#Winform自定义控件-基类控件

开始

添加一个接口,用来约束元素控件

 1  public interface IListViewItem
 2     {
 3         /// <summary>
 4         /// 数据源
 5         /// </summary>
 6         object DataSource { get; set; }
 7         /// <summary>
 8         /// 选中项事件
 9         /// </summary>
10         event EventHandler SelectedItemEvent;
11         /// <summary>
12         /// 选中处理,一般用以更改选中效果
13         /// </summary>
14         /// <param name="blnSelected">是否选中</param>
15         void SetSelected(bool blnSelected);
16     }

添加一个元素控件,命名UCListViewItem,我们这里继承基类控件UCControlBase,实现接口IListViewItem

 1 using System;
 2 using System.Collections.Generic;
 3 using System.ComponentModel;
 4 using System.Drawing;
 5 using System.Data;
 6 using System.Linq;
 7 using System.Text;
 8 using System.Windows.Forms;
 9 
10 namespace HZH_Controls.Controls
11 {
12     [ToolboxItem(false)]
13     public partial class UCListViewItem : UCControlBase, IListViewItem
14     {
15         private object m_dataSource;
16         public object DataSource
17         {
18             get
19             {
20                 return m_dataSource;
21             }
22             set
23             {
24                 m_dataSource = value;
25                 lblTitle.Text = value.ToString();
26             }
27         }
28 
29         public event EventHandler SelectedItemEvent;
30         public UCListViewItem()
31         {
32             InitializeComponent();
33             lblTitle.MouseDown += lblTitle_MouseDown;
34         }
35 
36         void lblTitle_MouseDown(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
37         {
38             if (SelectedItemEvent != null)
39             {
40                 SelectedItemEvent(this, e);
41             }
42         }
43 
44         public void SetSelected(bool blnSelected)
45         {
46             if (blnSelected)
47                 this.FillColor = Color.FromArgb(255, 247, 245);
48             else
49                 this.FillColor = Color.White;
50             this.Refresh();
51         }
52     }
53 }
 1 namespace HZH_Controls.Controls
 2 {
 3     partial class UCListViewItem
 4     {
 5         /// <summary> 
 6         /// 必需的设计器变量。
 7         /// </summary>
 8         private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components = null;
 9 
10         /// <summary> 
11         /// 清理所有正在使用的资源。
12         /// </summary>
13         /// <param name="disposing">如果应释放托管资源,为 true;否则为 false。</param>
14         protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
15         {
16             if (disposing && (components != null))
17             {
18                 components.Dispose();
19             }
20             base.Dispose(disposing);
21         }
22 
23         #region 组件设计器生成的代码
24 
25         /// <summary> 
26         /// 设计器支持所需的方法 - 不要
27         /// 使用代码编辑器修改此方法的内容。
28         /// </summary>
29         private void InitializeComponent()
30         {
31             this.lblTitle = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
32             this.SuspendLayout();
33             // 
34             // lblTitle
35             // 
36             this.lblTitle.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Fill;
37             this.lblTitle.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(0, 0);
38             this.lblTitle.Name = "lblTitle";
39             this.lblTitle.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(107, 96);
40             this.lblTitle.TabIndex = 0;
41             this.lblTitle.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleCenter;
42             // 
43             // UCListViewItem
44             // 
45             this.AutoScaleMode = System.Windows.Forms.AutoScaleMode.None;
46             this.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.Transparent;
47             this.Controls.Add(this.lblTitle);
48             this.FillColor = System.Drawing.Color.White;
49             this.IsRadius = true;
50             this.IsShowRect = true;
51             this.Name = "UCListViewItem";
52             this.RectColor = System.Drawing.Color.FromArgb(((int)(((byte)(232)))), ((int)(((byte)(232)))), ((int)(((byte)(232)))));
53             this.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(107, 96);
54             this.ResumeLayout(false);
55 
56         }
57 
58         #endregion
59 
60         private System.Windows.Forms.Label lblTitle;
61     }
62 }
View Code

然后需要一个列表来显示元素控件

添加一个用户控件,命名UCListView

一些属性

  1 int m_intCellWidth = 130;//单元格宽度
  2         int m_intCellHeight = 120;//单元格高度
  3 
  4         private Type m_itemType = typeof(UCListViewItem);
  5 
  6         [Description("单元格类型,如果无法满足您的需求,你可以自定义单元格控件,并实现接口IListViewItem"), Category("自定义")]
  7         public Type ItemType
  8         {
  9             get { return m_itemType; }
 10             set
 11             {
 12                 if (!typeof(IListViewItem).IsAssignableFrom(value) || !value.IsSubclassOf(typeof(Control)))
 13                     throw new Exception("单元格控件没有继承实现接口IListViewItem");
 14                 m_itemType = value;
 15             }
 16         }
 17 
 18         private UCPagerControlBase m_page = null;
 19         /// <summary>
 20         /// 翻页控件
 21         /// </summary>
 22         [Description("翻页控件,如果UCPagerControl不满足你的需求,请自定义翻页控件并继承UCPagerControlBase"), Category("自定义")]
 23         public UCPagerControlBase Page
 24         {
 25             get { return m_page; }
 26             set
 27             {
 28                 m_page = value;
 29                 if (value != null)
 30                 {
 31                     if (!typeof(IPageControl).IsAssignableFrom(value.GetType()) || !value.GetType().IsSubclassOf(typeof(UCPagerControlBase)))
 32                         throw new Exception("翻页控件没有继承UCPagerControlBase");
 33                     this.panMain.AutoScroll = false;
 34                     panPage.Visible = true;
 35                     this.Controls.SetChildIndex(panMain, 0);
 36                     m_page.ShowSourceChanged += m_page_ShowSourceChanged;
 37                     m_page.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
 38                     this.panPage.Controls.Clear();
 39                     this.panPage.Controls.Add(m_page);
 40                     GetCellCount();
 41                     this.DataSource = m_page.GetCurrentSource();
 42                 }
 43                 else
 44                 {
 45                     this.panMain.AutoScroll = true;
 46                     m_page = null;
 47                     panPage.Visible = false;
 48                 }
 49             }
 50         }
 51 
 52 
 53 
 54         private object m_dataSource = null;
 55 
 56         [Description("数据源,如果使用翻页控件,请使用翻页控件的DataSource"), Category("自定义")]
 57         public object DataSource
 58         {
 59             get { return m_dataSource; }
 60             set
 61             {
 62                 if (value == null)
 63                     return;
 64                 if (!typeof(IList).IsAssignableFrom(value.GetType()))
 65                 {
 66                     throw new Exception("数据源不是有效的数据类型,列表");
 67                 }
 68                 m_dataSource = value;
 69                 ReloadSource();
 70             }
 71         }
 72 
 73         int m_intCellCount = 0;//单元格总数
 74         [Description("单元格总数"), Category("自定义")]
 75         public int CellCount
 76         {
 77             get { return m_intCellCount; }
 78             private set
 79             {
 80                 m_intCellCount = value;
 81                 if (value > 0 && m_page != null)
 82                 {
 83                     m_page.PageSize = m_intCellCount;
 84                     m_page.Reload();
 85                 }
 86             }
 87         }
 88 
 89         private List<object> m_selectedSource = new List<object>();
 90 
 91         [Description("选中的数据"), Category("自定义")]
 92         public List<object> SelectedSource
 93         {
 94             get { return m_selectedSource; }
 95             set
 96             {
 97                 m_selectedSource = value;
 98                 ReloadSource();
 99             }
100         }
101 
102         private bool m_isMultiple = true;
103 
104         [Description("是否多选"), Category("自定义")]
105         public bool IsMultiple
106         {
107             get { return m_isMultiple; }
108             set { m_isMultiple = value; }
109         }
110 
111         [Description("选中项事件"), Category("自定义")]
112         public event EventHandler SelectedItemEvent;
113         public delegate void ReloadGridStyleEventHandle(int intCellCount);
114         /// <summary>
115         /// 样式改变事件
116         /// </summary>
117         [Description("样式改变事件"), Category("自定义")]
118         public event ReloadGridStyleEventHandle ReloadGridStyleEvent;

一下辅助函数

  1 #region 重新加载数据源
  2         /// <summary>
  3         /// 功能描述:重新加载数据源
  4         /// 作  者:HZH
  5         /// 创建日期:2019-06-27 16:47:32
  6         /// 任务编号:POS
  7         /// </summary>
  8         public void ReloadSource()
  9         {
 10             ControlHelper.FreezeControl(this, true);
 11             if (this.panMain.Controls.Count <= 0)
 12             {
 13                 ReloadGridStyle();
 14             }
 15             if (m_dataSource == null || ((IList)m_dataSource).Count <= 0)
 16             {
 17                 for (int i = this.panMain.Controls.Count - 1; i >= 0; i--)
 18                 {
 19                     this.panMain.Controls[i].Visible = false;
 20                 }
 21 
 22                 return;
 23             }
 24             int intCount = Math.Min(((IList)m_dataSource).Count, this.panMain.Controls.Count);
 25 
 26             for (int i = 0; i < intCount; i++)
 27             {
 28                 ((IListViewItem)this.panMain.Controls[i]).DataSource = ((IList)m_dataSource)[i];
 29                 if (m_selectedSource.Contains(((IList)m_dataSource)[i]))
 30                 {
 31                     ((IListViewItem)this.panMain.Controls[i]).SetSelected(true);
 32                 }
 33                 else
 34                 {
 35                     ((IListViewItem)this.panMain.Controls[i]).SetSelected(false);
 36                 }
 37                 this.panMain.Controls[i].Visible = true;
 38             }
 39 
 40             for (int i = this.panMain.Controls.Count - 1; i >= intCount; i--)
 41             {
 42                 if (this.panMain.Controls[i].Visible)
 43                     this.panMain.Controls[i].Visible = false;
 44             }
 45             ControlHelper.FreezeControl(this, false);
 46         }
 47         #endregion
 48 
 49         #region 刷新表格
 50         /// <summary>
 51         /// 功能描述:刷新表格样式
 52         /// 作  者:HZH
 53         /// 创建日期:2019-06-27 16:35:25
 54         /// 任务编号:POS
 55         /// </summary>
 56         public void ReloadGridStyle()
 57         {
 58             Form frmMain = this.FindForm();
 59             if (frmMain != null && !frmMain.IsDisposed && frmMain.Visible && this.Visible)
 60             {
 61                 GetCellCount();
 62                 try
 63                 {
 64                     ControlHelper.FreezeControl(this, true);
 65                     if (this.panMain.Controls.Count < m_intCellCount)
 66                     {
 67                         int intControlsCount = this.panMain.Controls.Count;
 68                         for (int i = 0; i < m_intCellCount - intControlsCount; i++)
 69                         {
 70                             Control uc = (Control)Activator.CreateInstance(m_itemType);
 71                             uc.Margin = new System.Windows.Forms.Padding(5, 5, 5, 5);
 72 
 73                             (uc as IListViewItem).SelectedItemEvent += UCListView_SelectedItemEvent;
 74                             uc.Visible = false;
 75                             this.panMain.Controls.Add(uc);
 76                         }
 77                     }
 78                     else if (this.panMain.Controls.Count > m_intCellCount)
 79                     {
 80                         int intControlsCount = this.panMain.Controls.Count;
 81                         for (int i = intControlsCount - 1; i > m_intCellCount - 1; i--)
 82                         {
 83                             this.panMain.Controls.RemoveAt(i);
 84                         }
 85                     }
 86                     foreach (Control item in this.panMain.Controls)
 87                     {
 88                         item.Size = new Size(m_intCellWidth, m_intCellHeight);
 89                     }
 90                 }
 91                 finally
 92                 {
 93                     ControlHelper.FreezeControl(this, false);
 94                 }
 95                 if (ReloadGridStyleEvent != null)
 96                 {
 97                     ReloadGridStyleEvent(m_intCellCount);
 98                 }
 99             }
100 
101         }
102 
103         void UCListView_SelectedItemEvent(object sender, EventArgs e)
104         {
105             var selectedItem = sender as IListViewItem;
106 
107             if (m_selectedSource.Contains(selectedItem.DataSource))
108             {
109                 m_selectedSource.Remove(selectedItem.DataSource);
110                 selectedItem.SetSelected(false);
111             }
112             else
113             {
114                 if (m_isMultiple)
115                 {
116                     m_selectedSource.Add(selectedItem.DataSource);
117                     selectedItem.SetSelected(true);
118                 }
119                 else
120                 {
121                     if (m_selectedSource.Count > 0)
122                     {
123                         int intCount = Math.Min(((IList)m_dataSource).Count, this.panMain.Controls.Count);
124                         for (int i = 0; i < intCount; i++)
125                         {
126                             var item = ((IListViewItem)this.panMain.Controls[i]);
127                             if (m_selectedSource.Contains(item.DataSource))
128                             {
129                                 item.SetSelected(false);
130                                 break;
131                             }
132                         }
133                     }
134 
135                     m_selectedSource = new List<object>() { selectedItem.DataSource };
136                     selectedItem.SetSelected(true);
137 
138                 }
139             }
140 
141             if (SelectedItemEvent != null)
142             {
143                 SelectedItemEvent(sender, e);
144             }
145         }
146         #endregion
147 
148         #region 获取cell总数
149         /// <summary>
150         /// 功能描述:获取cell总数
151         /// 作  者:HZH
152         /// 创建日期:2019-06-27 16:28:58
153         /// 任务编号:POS
154         /// </summary>
155         private void GetCellCount()
156         {
157             if (this.panMain.Width == 0)
158                 return;
159             Control item = (Control)Activator.CreateInstance(m_itemType);
160 
161 
162             int intXCount = (this.panMain.Width - 10) / (item.Width + 10);
163             m_intCellWidth = item.Width + ((this.panMain.Width - 10) % (item.Width + 10)) / intXCount;
164 
165             int intYCount = (this.panMain.Height - 10) / (item.Height + 10);
166             m_intCellHeight = item.Height + ((this.panMain.Height - 10) % (item.Height + 10)) / intYCount;
167             int intCount = intXCount * intYCount;
168 
169             if (Page == null)
170             {
171                 if (((IList)m_dataSource).Count > intCount)
172                 {
173                     intXCount = (this.panMain.Width - 10 - 20) / (item.Width + 10);
174                     m_intCellWidth = item.Width + ((this.panMain.Width - 10 - 20) % (item.Width + 10)) / intXCount;
175                 }
176                 intCount = Math.Max(intCount, ((IList)m_dataSource).Count);
177             }
178 
179             CellCount = intCount;
180         }
181         #endregion

一些事件

    private void panMain_Resize(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            ReloadGridStyle();
        }
void m_page_ShowSourceChanged(object currentSource)
        {
            this.DataSource = currentSource;
        }

 

你会发现,有个ItemType属性,这个用来定义列表呈现那种子元素,这么用的好处就是,当你觉得我写的这个元素控件UCListViewItem并不能满足你需求的时候,你可以添加一个自定义控件,并实现接口IListViewItem,然后将你自定义的控件指定给这个属性,列表就会呈现出来了,是不是很方便,列表会自动根据你的元素控件的大小来适量调整来填充到列表中的。

 

还有一个Page属性,这个是用来表示用哪个分页控件,当然你也可以不用,我已经提供了2种分页控件,如果你觉得还是不满足你的话,去参考分页控件那个文章,自己添加一个分页控件吧。

最后的话

如果你喜欢的话,请到 https://gitee.com/kwwwvagaa/net_winform_custom_control 点个星星吧

posted @ 2019-08-22 11:35 冰封一夏 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏