SSH整合

Struts2的配置文件是struts.xml和web.xml

Spring的配置文件是applicationContext.xml和web.xml

Hibernate的配置文件是实体映射配置文件和hibernate.cfg.xml和jdbc.properties

总的流程大致是web层调用Service层,Service层调用DAO层,然后返回

详细流程就是:

1.jsp页面提交表单,通过web.xml里配置的过滤器找到struts.xml里对应的action和方法

2.web层通过applicationContext.xml注入了Service层的对象,从而调用Service层的方法

3.Service层通过applicationContext.xml注入了DAO层的对象,从而调用DAO层的方法

4.DAO层数据库连接的配置在applicationContext.xml中(或hibernate.cfg.xml),连接到数据库后,使用模板执行sql

文件结构图

配置内容:

实体映射配置文件

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping PUBLIC
        "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD 3.0//EN"
        "http://www.hibernate.org/dtd/hibernate-mapping-3.0.dtd">
<hibernate-mapping>
    <!--建立类与表的映射-->
    <!--如果类中的属性名和表中的字段名一直,column可以省略-->
    <class name="com.jinke.ssh.domain.Customer" table="customer">
        <!--建立类中的属性与表中的主键对应-->
        <id name="id" column="id">
            <generator class="native"/>
        </id>

        <!--建立类中的普通属性和标的字段的对应-->
        <property name="name" column="name"/>
        <property name="source" column="source"/>
        <property name="industry" column="industry"/>
        <property name="level" column="level"/>
        <property name="phone" column="phone"/>
        <property name="mobile" column="mobile"/>
    </class>

    <query name="queryAll">from Customer</query>
</hibernate-mapping>

applicationContext.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

    <!--配置C3P0连接池-->
    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:jdbc.properties"/>

    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
        <property name="driverClass" value="${jdbc.driverClass}"/>
        <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbc.url}"/>
        <property name="user" value="${jdbc.username}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>
    </bean>

    <!--Spring整合hibernate-->
    <!--引入hibernate的配置信息-->
    <bean id="sessionFactory" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
        <!--引入hibernate的配置文件-->
        <!--<property name="configLocation" value="classpath:hibernate.cfg.xml"/>-->
        <!--注入连接池-->
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <!--配置hibernate相关属性-->
        <property name="hibernateProperties">
            <props>
                <prop key="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</prop>
                <prop key="hibernate.show_sql">true</prop>
                <prop key="hibernate.format_sql">true</prop>
                <prop key="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">update</prop>
            </props>
        </property>

        <!--设置映射文件-->
        <property name="mappingResources">
            <list>
                <value>com/jinke/ssh/domain/Customer.hbm.xml</value>
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <!--配置Action 方法二-->
    <bean id="customerAction" class="com.jinke.ssh.web.action.CustomerAction" scope="prototype">
        <property name="customerService" ref="customerService"/>

    </bean>

    <!--配置service-->
    <bean id="customerService" class="com.jinke.ssh.service.impl.CustomerServiceImpl">
        <property name="customerDao" ref="customerDao"/>
    </bean>

    <!--配置DAO-->
    <bean id="customerDao" class="com.jinke.ssh.dao.impl.CustomerDaoImpl">
        <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory"/>
    </bean>

    <!--配置事务管理器-->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.HibernateTransactionManager">
        <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory"/>
    </bean>

    <!--开启注解事务-->
    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager"/>

</beans>

hibernate.cfg.xml(如果DAO层是由Spring配置的话,此文件可不写)

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC
        "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD//EN"
        "http://www.hibernate.org/dtd/hibernate-configuration-3.0.dtd">
<hibernate-configuration>
    <session-factory>
        <!--必须配置===============-->
        <property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class">com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.url">
            jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/ssh?useUnicode=true&amp;characterEncoding=utf-8&amp;useSSL=false&amp;serverTimezone=GMT
        </property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.username">root</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.password">1234</property>
        <!--配置Hibernate的方言-->
        <property name="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</property>

        <!--可选配置===============-->
        <!--打印sql-->
        <property name="hibernate.show_sql">true</property>
        <!--格式化sql-->
        <property name="hibernate.format_sql">true</property>
        <!--自动创建表-->
        <property name="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">update</property>

        <!--配置C3P0连接池-->
        <property name="connection.provider_class">org.hibernate.c3p0.internal.C3P0ConnectionProvider</property>
        <!--在连接池中可用的数据库连接的最少数目-->
        <property name="c3p0.min_size">5</property>
        <!--在连接池中所有数据库的最大数目-->
        <property name="c3p0.max_size">20</property>
        <!--设定数据库连接的过期时间,以秒为单位,如果连接池中的某个数据库连接处于空闲状态的时间超过了timeout时间,就会从连接池中清除-->
        <property name="c3p0.timeout">120</property>
        <!--每3000秒检查所有连接池中的空闲连接 以秒为单位-->
        <property name="c3p0.idle_test_period">3000</property>


        <!--映射文件的引用===============-->
        <mapping resource="com/jinke/ssh/domain/Customer.hbm.xml"/>

    </session-factory>
</hibernate-configuration>

jdbc.properties

jdbc.driverClass=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/ssh?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8&useSSL=false&serverTimezone=GMT
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=1234

struts2.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC
        "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.5//EN"
        "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.5.dtd">

<struts>
    <constant name="struts.action.extension" value="action"/>

    <!--配置Action  方法一-->
    <!--  <package name="ssh1" extends="struts-default" namespace="/">
          <action name="customer_*" class="com.jinke.ssh.web.action.CustomerAction" method="{1}">
              <allowed-methods>save</allowed-methods>
          </action>
      </package>-->

    <!--配置action 方法二-->
    <package name="ssh1" extends="struts-default" namespace="/">
        <action name="customer_*" class="customerAction" method="{1}">
            <allowed-methods>save,findById</allowed-methods>
        </action>
    </package>
</struts>

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_4_0.xsd"
         version="4.0">
    <welcome-file-list>
        <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
    </welcome-file-list>
    <!--Spring核心监听器-->
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>

    <!--加载Spring配置文件的路径,默认加载WEB-INF/applicationContext.xml-->
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>

    <!--用来解决延迟加载问题的过滤器-->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>OpenSessionInViewFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.support.OpenSessionInViewFilter</filter-class>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>OpenSessionInViewFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>*.action</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <!--Struts2核心过滤器-->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter</filter-class>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>
</web-app>

 

下面是java文件

import com.jinke.ssh.dao.CustomerDao;
import com.jinke.ssh.domain.Customer;
import org.hibernate.criterion.DetachedCriteria;
import org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.support.HibernateDaoSupport;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * DAO层的实现类
 */
public class CustomerDaoImpl extends HibernateDaoSupport implements CustomerDao {
    @Override
    public void save(Customer customer) {
        System.out.println("DAO中的save方法被执行了");
        this.getHibernateTemplate().save(customer);
    }

    @Override
    public void update(Customer customer) {
        this.getHibernateTemplate().update(customer);
    }

    @Override
    public void delete(Customer customer) {
        this.getHibernateTemplate().delete(customer);
    }

    @Override
    public Customer findById(int id) {
        Customer customer = this.getHibernateTemplate().load(Customer.class, id);
        return customer;
    }

    @Override
    public List<Customer> findAllByHQL() {
        List<Customer> list = (List<Customer>) this.getHibernateTemplate().find("from Customer");
        return list;
    }

    @Override
    public List<Customer> findAllByQBC() {
        //自带分页
        DetachedCriteria criteria = DetachedCriteria.forClass(Customer.class);
        List<Customer> list = (List<Customer>) this.getHibernateTemplate().findByCriteria(criteria);
        return list;
    }

    @Override
    public List<Customer> findAllByName() {
        return (List<Customer>) this.getHibernateTemplate().findByNamedQuery("queryAll");
    }
}
import com.jinke.ssh.domain.Customer;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * DAO层的接口
 */
public interface CustomerDao {
    void save(Customer customer);

    void update(Customer customer);

    void delete(Customer customer);

    Customer findById(int id);

    List<Customer> findAllByHQL();

    List<Customer> findAllByQBC();

    List<Customer> findAllByName();
}
public class Customer {
    private int id;
    private String name;
    private String source;
    private String industry;
    private String level;
    private String phone;
    private String mobile;

    public int getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public String getSource() {
        return source;
    }

    public void setSource(String source) {
        this.source = source;
    }

    public String getIndustry() {
        return industry;
    }

    public void setIndustry(String industry) {
        this.industry = industry;
    }

    public String getLevel() {
        return level;
    }

    public void setLevel(String level) {
        this.level = level;
    }

    public String getPhone() {
        return phone;
    }

    public void setPhone(String phone) {
        this.phone = phone;
    }

    public String getMobile() {
        return mobile;
    }

    public void setMobile(String mobile) {
        this.mobile = mobile;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "Customer{" +
                "id=" + id +
                ", name='" + name + '\'' +
                ", source='" + source + '\'' +
                ", industry='" + industry + '\'' +
                ", level='" + level + '\'' +
                ", phone='" + phone + '\'' +
                ", mobile='" + mobile + '\'' +
                '}';
    }
}
import com.jinke.ssh.dao.CustomerDao;
import com.jinke.ssh.domain.Customer;
import com.jinke.ssh.service.CustomerService;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * 业务层的实现类
 */
@Transactional
public class CustomerServiceImpl implements CustomerService {

    //注入DAO
    private CustomerDao customerDao;

    public void setCustomerDao(CustomerDao customerDao) {
        this.customerDao = customerDao;
    }

    @Override
    public void save(Customer customer) {
        System.out.println("Service中的save方法执行了");
        customerDao.save(customer);
    }

    @Override
    public void update(Customer customer) {
        System.out.println("Service中的update方法执行了");
        customerDao.update(customer);
    }

    @Override
    public void delete(Customer customer) {
        System.out.println("Service中的delete方法执行了");
        customerDao.delete(customer);
    }

    @Override
    public Customer findById(int id) {
        System.out.println("Service中的findById方法执行了");
        return customerDao.findById(id);
    }

    @Override
    public List<Customer> findAllByHQL() {
        System.out.println("Service中的findAllByHQL方法执行了");
        return customerDao.findAllByHQL();
    }

    @Override
    public List<Customer> findAllByQBC() {
        System.out.println("Service中的方法执行了");
        return customerDao.findAllByQBC();
    }

    @Override
    public List<Customer> findAllByName() {
        return customerDao.findAllByName();
    }
}
import com.jinke.ssh.domain.Customer;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * 客户管理的业务层的接口
 */
public interface CustomerService {

    void save(Customer customer);

    void update(Customer customer);

    void delete(Customer customer);

    Customer findById(int id);

    List<Customer> findAllByHQL();

    List<Customer> findAllByQBC();

    List<Customer> findAllByName();
}
import com.jinke.ssh.domain.Customer;
import com.jinke.ssh.service.CustomerService;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.test.context.ContextConfiguration;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import java.util.List;

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration("classpath:applicationContext.xml")
public class SSHdemo {

    @Resource
    private CustomerService customerService;

    @Test
    public void update() {
        Customer customer = customerService.findById(3);
        customer.setName("三石");
        customerService.update(customer);
    }

    @Test
    public void delete() {
        Customer customer = customerService.findById(1);
        customerService.delete(customer);
    }

    @Test
    public void findAllByHQL() {
        List<Customer> customerList = customerService.findAllByHQL();
        for (Customer customer : customerList) {
            System.out.println(customer);
        }
    }

    @Test
    public void findAllByQBC() {
        List<Customer> customerList = customerService.findAllByQBC();
        for (Customer customer : customerList) {
            System.out.println(customer);
        }
    }

    @Test
    public void findAllByName() {
        List<Customer> customerList = customerService.findAllByName();
        for (Customer customer : customerList) {
            System.out.println(customer);
        }
    }
}
import com.jinke.ssh.domain.Customer;
import com.jinke.ssh.service.CustomerService;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionSupport;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ModelDriven;

/**
 * 客户管理的Action的类
 */
public class CustomerAction extends ActionSupport implements ModelDriven<Customer> {
    //模型驱动使用的对象
    private Customer customer = new Customer();

    @Override
    public Customer getModel() {

        return customer;
    }

    //注入customerService
    private CustomerService customerService;

    public void setCustomerService(CustomerService customerService) {
        this.customerService = customerService;
    }

    /**
     * 报错客户的方法
     */
    public String save() {
        System.out.println("Action中的save方法执行了...");
        customerService.save(customer);
        return NONE;
    }

    public String findById() {
        Customer customer = customerService.findById(2);
        customer.setName("延迟");
        return NONE;
    }
}

demo地址:https://github.com/king1039/SSH

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posted @ 2019-06-24 15:20  嘉禾世兴  阅读(426)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报