ESP32+Arduino+OLED+u8g2播放视频

1、思路分析

ESP32采用Arduino开发,结合u8g2模块可以很方便地实现在oled上显示图片。因此,只需要将一个视频拆开成一帧帧,然后循环显示即可。

然而,有几个问题:

  1. 视频太大,esp32的flash无法存下怎么办?

    答:两种方案:视频存储在电脑,一帧帧发送给ESP32即可,这样ESP32每次只需要存放一帧。

    可以通过【串口】发送给ESP32,也可以采用【socket协议】发送。(均可以采用python实现发送方的代码)

  2. 如何将图片转换成u8g2能够显示的格式?

    通常我们使用u8g2显示图片,需要使用PCtoLCD2022这个软件将图片格式转换,其配置如下。为了能够传输视频,需要用python【实现这个转换算法】

    在这里插入图片描述

整体流程:

  1. PC通过Python代码读取视频,将视频每一帧读取出来,转换成适合的大小,然后通过图片转换算法,将每一帧转换成符合u8g2显示的数据格式,最后将这些数据通过TCP方式发送到ESP32中
  2. ESP32接收到这些数据后,就保存到img变量中,然后采用 u8g2.drawXBM(img) 来显示图片即可

图片转换算法已经实现:(只实现了PCtoLCD配置中的“阳码”、“逐行式”、“逆向”方案)

阴码、阳码区分:由于oled是由很多个led灯组成的,只能有点亮或不点亮两种状态,因此只能显示两种颜色。

对于阳码,白色点亮小灯,黑色不点亮。阴码则反过来,即黑色点亮,白色不点亮。

import cv2
def getU8g2Img(img, newW=0, scale=1)->list: 
    '''
    return: 返回图像取模后的结果
    参数: 
    - img: 输入图片(cv2格式(BGR))
    - newW: 目标图像的宽度
    - scale: 将图像放大(或缩小)倍数
    注意:newW与scale二者只需设置其中一个即可
    '''
    imgGrey = cv2.cvtColor(img, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
    h,w = imgGrey.shape
    if scale!=1:
        imgGrey = cv2.resize(imgGrey, dsize=None, fx=scale, fy=scale)
    elif newW!=0:
        imgGrey = cv2.resize(imgGrey, dsize=None, fx=newW/w, fy=newW/w)
    h, w = imgGrey.shape
    ret, imgBin = cv2.threshold(imgGrey, 200, 255, cv2.THRESH_BINARY) # 返回 阈值 和 图像
    print(f"最终图片宽={w} 高={h}")
    resultList = []
    for i in range(h):
        tmp = w
        k = 0
        while True:
            rowCode = ''
            for j in range(k, min(k+8, tmp)):
                # 阴码:黑色表示1,白色255表示0,
                # rowCode += ('0' if imgBin[i][j] > 100 else '1')
                # 阳码,黑色为0,不点亮,白色为1,点亮
                rowCode += ('1' if imgBin[i][j] > 100 else '0')
            if len(rowCode) < 8:
                # rowCode += ('0' * (8-len(rowCode))) # 阴码
                rowCode += ('1' * (8-len(rowCode))) # 阳码
                
            rowCode = rowCode[::-1]  # 倒序,对应pctoLCD2002【逆向】
            k += 8
            resultList.append('0x'+(f'{int(rowCode, 2):0>2x}').upper())
            if k >= tmp:
                break
    return resultList

2、TCP服务端实现

主要分3个模块实现

在这里插入图片描述

  • GUI配置模块:配置GUI布局等信息
  • 视频处理模块:读取视频,视频尺寸大小修改,将视频转换为u8g2能处理的格式等
  • 主模块:GUI各种功能事件的实现,TCP传输功能的实现

gui.py

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

# Form implementation generated from reading ui file 'gui.ui'
#
# Created by: PyQt5 UI code generator 5.15.0
#
# WARNING: Any manual changes made to this file will be lost when pyuic5 is
# run again.  Do not edit this file unless you know what you are doing.


from PyQt5 import QtCore, QtGui, QtWidgets


class Ui_Form(object):
    def setupUi(self, Form):
        Form.setObjectName("Form")
        Form.resize(955, 515)
        Form.setStyleSheet("background: rgb(0, 0, 0);\n"
"color: #fff;")
        self.btnInputVideo = QtWidgets.QPushButton(Form)
        self.btnInputVideo.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(840, 200, 51, 31))
        self.btnInputVideo.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;background: #222;")
        self.btnInputVideo.setObjectName("btnInputVideo")
        self.editVideoInput = QtWidgets.QLineEdit(Form)
        self.editVideoInput.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(570, 200, 261, 31))
        self.editVideoInput.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;")
        self.editVideoInput.setInputMask("")
        self.editVideoInput.setText("")
        self.editVideoInput.setMaxLength(32767)
        self.editVideoInput.setFrame(True)
        self.editVideoInput.setCursorPosition(0)
        self.editVideoInput.setObjectName("editVideoInput")
        self.imgLabel = QtWidgets.QLabel(Form)
        self.imgLabel.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(20, 50, 512, 256))
        self.imgLabel.setStyleSheet("color:#aaa;background: #111;")
        self.imgLabel.setOpenExternalLinks(False)
        self.imgLabel.setTextInteractionFlags(QtCore.Qt.LinksAccessibleByMouse)
        self.imgLabel.setObjectName("imgLabel")
        self.btnExit = QtWidgets.QPushButton(Form)
        self.btnExit.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(690, 450, 91, 51))
        self.btnExit.setObjectName("btnExit")
        self.btnPause = QtWidgets.QPushButton(Form)
        self.btnPause.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(270, 340, 81, 41))
        self.btnPause.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;background: #333;")
        self.btnPause.setObjectName("btnPause")
        self.btnResume = QtWidgets.QPushButton(Form)
        self.btnResume.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(180, 340, 81, 41))
        self.btnResume.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;background: #333;")
        self.btnResume.setObjectName("btnResume")
        self.btnConfirm = QtWidgets.QPushButton(Form)
        self.btnConfirm.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(900, 200, 51, 31))
        self.btnConfirm.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;background: #222;")
        self.btnConfirm.setObjectName("btnConfirm")
        self.btnTcpBegin = QtWidgets.QPushButton(Form)
        self.btnTcpBegin.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(590, 100, 91, 31))
        self.btnTcpBegin.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;background: #333;")
        self.btnTcpBegin.setObjectName("btnTcpBegin")
        self.textLog = QtWidgets.QTextBrowser(Form)
        self.textLog.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(570, 270, 371, 171))
        self.textLog.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;background: #333;")
        self.textLog.setLineWidth(1)
        self.textLog.setObjectName("textLog")
        self.progressBar = QtWidgets.QProgressBar(Form)
        self.progressBar.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(40, 350, 118, 23))
        self.progressBar.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;background: #666;")
        self.progressBar.setProperty("value", 11)
        self.progressBar.setTextVisible(True)
        self.progressBar.setObjectName("progressBar")
        self.label = QtWidgets.QLabel(Form)
        self.label.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(560, 40, 81, 31))
        self.label.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;")
        self.label.setFrameShadow(QtWidgets.QFrame.Plain)
        self.label.setTextFormat(QtCore.Qt.RichText)
        self.label.setObjectName("label")
        self.lineEditW = QtWidgets.QLineEdit(Form)
        self.lineEditW.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(690, 70, 41, 21))
        self.lineEditW.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;background: #333;")
        self.lineEditW.setObjectName("lineEditW")
        self.label_2 = QtWidgets.QLabel(Form)
        self.label_2.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(590, 70, 91, 21))
        self.label_2.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;")
        self.label_2.setObjectName("label_2")
        self.label_3 = QtWidgets.QLabel(Form)
        self.label_3.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(750, 70, 21, 21))
        self.label_3.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;")
        self.label_3.setObjectName("label_3")
        self.lineEditH = QtWidgets.QLineEdit(Form)
        self.lineEditH.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(770, 70, 41, 21))
        self.lineEditH.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;background: #333;")
        self.lineEditH.setObjectName("lineEditH")
        self.label_4 = QtWidgets.QLabel(Form)
        self.label_4.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(820, 70, 71, 21))
        self.label_4.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;")
        self.label_4.setObjectName("label_4")
        self.lineEditScale = QtWidgets.QLineEdit(Form)
        self.lineEditScale.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(890, 70, 41, 21))
        self.lineEditScale.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;background: #333;")
        self.lineEditScale.setObjectName("lineEditScale")
        self.label_5 = QtWidgets.QLabel(Form)
        self.label_5.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(560, 250, 41, 16))
        self.label_5.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;")
        self.label_5.setObjectName("label_5")
        self.sliderThresh = QtWidgets.QSlider(Form)
        self.sliderThresh.setEnabled(True)
        self.sliderThresh.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(690, 150, 160, 22))
        self.sliderThresh.setToolTip("")
        self.sliderThresh.setStyleSheet("color:#f00;background: #222;")
        self.sliderThresh.setMaximum(255)
        self.sliderThresh.setProperty("value", 119)
        self.sliderThresh.setSliderPosition(119)
        self.sliderThresh.setTracking(True)
        self.sliderThresh.setOrientation(QtCore.Qt.Horizontal)
        self.sliderThresh.setTickPosition(QtWidgets.QSlider.NoTicks)
        self.sliderThresh.setTickInterval(10)
        self.sliderThresh.setObjectName("sliderThresh")
        self.label_6 = QtWidgets.QLabel(Form)
        self.label_6.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(560, 150, 121, 16))
        self.label_6.setStyleSheet("color:#fff;")
        self.label_6.setObjectName("label_6")
        self.labelThresh = QtWidgets.QLabel(Form)
        self.labelThresh.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(860, 150, 31, 21))
        self.labelThresh.setStyleSheet("background: #222;\n"
"")
        self.labelThresh.setObjectName("labelThresh")

        self.retranslateUi(Form)
        self.btnExit.clicked.connect(Form.btnExitClick)
        self.btnResume.clicked.connect(Form.btnResumeClick)
        self.btnPause.clicked.connect(Form.btnPauseClick)
        self.btnTcpBegin.clicked.connect(Form.btnTcpBeginClick)
        self.btnInputVideo.clicked.connect(Form.btnInputVideoClick)
        self.btnConfirm.clicked.connect(Form.btnConfirmClick)
        QtCore.QMetaObject.connectSlotsByName(Form)

    def retranslateUi(self, Form):
        _translate = QtCore.QCoreApplication.translate
        Form.setWindowTitle(_translate("Form", "视频传输"))
        self.btnInputVideo.setText(_translate("Form", "浏览"))
        self.editVideoInput.setPlaceholderText(_translate("Form", "输入gif图片或视频地址"))
        self.imgLabel.setText(_translate("Form", "imgLabel"))
        self.btnExit.setStyleSheet(_translate("Form", "color:#fff;background: #333;"))
        self.btnExit.setText(_translate("Form", "退出"))
        self.btnPause.setText(_translate("Form", "暂停"))
        self.btnResume.setText(_translate("Form", "继续"))
        self.btnConfirm.setText(_translate("Form", "确认"))
        self.btnTcpBegin.setText(_translate("Form", "启动服务器"))
        self.label.setText(_translate("Form", "基本配置"))
        self.lineEditW.setText(_translate("Form", "128"))
        self.label_2.setText(_translate("Form", "OLED屏幕 宽"))
        self.label_3.setText(_translate("Form", "高"))
        self.lineEditH.setText(_translate("Form", "64"))
        self.label_4.setText(_translate("Form", "缩放系数"))
        self.lineEditScale.setText(_translate("Form", "1"))
        self.label_5.setText(_translate("Form", "日志"))
        self.label_6.setText(_translate("Form", "图片对比度调节"))
        self.labelThresh.setText(_translate("Form", "0"))

videoProcess.py

import cv2
import socket

# 读取一帧,参数video为cv2.readCapture(path="xxx/xxx.mp4")
def getOneFrame(video):
    ret, frame = video.read()
    if ret:
        return (True, frame)
    return (False, 0)

# 修改图像尺寸
def frameResize(frame, wid, hei):
    frame = cv2.resize(frame, dsize=(wid, hei))
    return frame


def getImgModeList(frame, thresh=127) -> list:
    '''
    return: 返回图像取模后的结果
    参数: 
    - frame: 视频中的一帧,实际上是cv2格式(BGR)的图片
    - thresh: 二值化灰度图的门限值
    '''
    imgGrey = cv2.cvtColor(frame, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)

    ret, imgResult = cv2.threshold(imgGrey, thresh, 255, cv2.THRESH_BINARY)  # 返回 阈值 和 图像
    h, w = imgResult.shape
    # return 0
    resultList = []
    for i in range(h):
        tmp = w
        k = 0
        while True:
            rowCode = ''
            for j in range(k, min(k+8, tmp)):
                # 阴码:黑色表示1,白色255表示0,
                # rowCode += ('0' if imgBin[i][j] > 100 else '1')
                # 阳码,黑色为0,不点亮,白色为1,点亮
                rowCode += ('1' if imgResult[i][j] > 200 else '0')
            if len(rowCode) < 8:
                # rowCode += ('0' * (8-len(rowCode))) # 阴码
                rowCode += ('1' * (8-len(rowCode)))  # 阳码

            rowCode = rowCode[::-1]  # 倒序,对应pctLot2002顺向
            k += 8
            resultList.append(int(rowCode, 2))
            if k >= tmp:
                break
    return resultList

main.py

from PyQt5 import QtWidgets, QtGui, QtCore
from gui import Ui_Form
import sys
import cv2
import threading
import socket
from queue import Queue
import videoProcess as vp

# 配置
oledWidth, oledHeight= 128, 64
imgToOledScale = 0.5   # 发给oled的图片缩放系数

# 全局变量
modesQue = Queue(5000)
imgToQtQue = Queue(5000)
isConnected = False
# progressValue = 0   # 播放进度值
imgToOled = None
# frameCount = 0  # 总帧数
# curFrame = 0  # 当前帧

class MyUi(QtWidgets.QWidget, Ui_Form):
    def __init__(self) -> None:
        super().__init__()
        self.setupUi(self)
        # QtWidgets.QApplication.setStyle(QtWidgets.QStyleFactory.create('windows'))  # Windows Fusion
        self.imgLabelWidth = self.imgLabel.width()
        self.imgLabelHeight = self.imgLabel.height()
        self.thresh = 130
        self.timer1 = QtCore.QTimer() # 10ms
        self.timer2 = QtCore.QTimer()
        self.timer3 = QtCore.QTimer()
        self.timer1.timeout.connect(self.getModesQue)
        self.timer2.timeout.connect(self.showImgToQt)
        self.timer3.timeout.connect(self.updateRegularly)
        self.editVideoInput.setText('../../assets/badapple1.mp4')
        # self.labelThresh.setText(str(self.thresh))
        self.sliderThresh.setValue(self.thresh)
        self.videoPath = ''
        self.pauseFlag = False
        self.exitFlag = False
        self.frameCount = 0
        self.curFrame = 0
        self.progressValue = 0
        self.timer3.start(50)
    def btnInputVideoClick(self):
        self.videoPath, _ = QtWidgets.QFileDialog.getOpenFileName(self, '打开视频', r'../../assets')
        self.editVideoInput.setText(self.videoPath)
    def btnConfirmClick(self):
        if not isConnected:
            self.printLog("客户端还未连接。。。")
            return
        self.config()
        # global frameCount, curFrame
        # curFrame = 0
        self.videoPath = self.editVideoInput.text()
        self.sliderThresh.setValue(self.thresh)
        self.printLog(f"开始播放视频: {self.videoPath}")
        self.printLog(
            '正在播放视频,过程中:\n'+
            '1.可以暂停/继续\n'+
            '2.切换其它视频(选择视频后可以重新配置OLED信息,之后记得点击确认)\n'+
            '3.调节OLED图片对比度')
        imgToQtQue.queue.clear()
        modesQue.queue.clear()
        self.video = cv2.VideoCapture(self.videoPath)
        if self.video.isOpened():
            self.frameCount = self.video.get(7)
        self.timer1.start(20)
        self.timer2.start(45)
        

    def btnTcpBeginClick(self):
        self.config()
        self.sockThread = SocketThread()
        self.sockThread.start()
        self.printLog("服务器已启动,请选择要播放的视频或GIF动图,然后等待客户端连接")
        
    def btnPauseClick(self):
        if not isConnected: return
        self.pauseFlag = True
        self.sockThread.pause()
        self.printLog("已暂停")
    def btnResumeClick(self):
        if not isConnected:
            return
        self.pauseFlag = False
        self.sockThread.resume()
        self.printLog("已继续")
    def btnExitClick(self):
        try:
            self.sockThread.stop()
        except:
            pass
        self.close()
    def getModesQue(self):
        if self.video.isOpened():
            ret, frame = vp.getOneFrame(self.video)
            if ret:
                imgToQtShow = vp.frameResize(
                    frame, self.imgLabelWidth, self.imgLabelHeight)
                imgToQtQue.put(imgToQtShow)
                imgToOLED1 = vp.frameResize(frame, int(
                    oledWidth*imgToOledScale), int(oledHeight*imgToOledScale))
                modesQue.put(vp.getImgModeList(imgToOLED1, thresh=self.thresh))
            else:
                self.video.release()
        
    def showImgToQt(self):
        global imgToOled
        if not imgToQtQue.empty() and (not self.pauseFlag):
            self.curFrame +=1
            self.progressValue = int(self.curFrame/self.frameCount*100)
            if not modesQue.empty():
                imgToOled = modesQue.get()
            shrink = cv2.cvtColor(imgToQtQue.get(), cv2.COLOR_BGR2RGB)
            # cv 图片转换成 qt图片
            qtImg = QtGui.QImage(shrink.data,  # 数据源
                                 shrink.shape[1],  # 宽度
                                 shrink.shape[0],  # 高度
                                 shrink.shape[1] * 3,  # 行字节数
                                 QtGui.QImage.Format_RGB888)
            # label 控件显示图片
            self.imgLabel.setPixmap(QtGui.QPixmap(qtImg))
            # self.imgLabel.show()

    def config(self):
        global oledHeight, oledWidth, imgToOledScale
        oledWidth = int(self.lineEditW.text())
        oledHeight = int(self.lineEditH.text())
        imgToOledScale = float(self.lineEditScale.text())
        self.printLog(f"oled宽:{oledWidth} 高:{oledHeight} 缩放系数:{imgToOledScale}")
    def printLog(self, text):
        self.textLog.append(text)  # 文本框逐条添加数据
        self.textLog.append('='*40+'\n')
        self.textLog.ensureCursorVisible()
    def updateRegularly(self):
        self.thresh = self.sliderThresh.value()
        self.progressBar.setValue(self.progressValue)
        self.labelThresh.setText(str(self.thresh))
        
        
                   
class SocketThread(threading.Thread):
    def __init__(self, host='', port=8762, bufferSize=1024):
        super().__init__()
        self.__e = threading.Event()
        self.__e.set()
        self.__e2 = threading.Event()
        self.__e2.set()
        self.host = host
        self.port = port
        self.bufferSize = bufferSize
    def run(self):
        global isConnected
        # with socket.socket() as s:
        with socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM) as s:
            # 绑定服务器地址和端口
            s.bind((self.host, self.port))
            # 启动服务监听
            s.listen(4)
            myui.printLog(f'服务器启动,端口: {self.port},等待用户接入')
            # while video.isOpened():
            # 等待客户端连接请求,获取connSock
            conn, addr = s.accept()
            isConnected = True
            myui.printLog('客户端:{}已连接,请点击【确认】按钮开始播放视频'.format(addr))
            with conn:
                while self.__e.isSet():
                    if modesQue.empty(): continue
                    self.__e2.wait()
                    # 接收请求信息
                    dataGet = conn.recv(self.bufferSize).decode('utf-8').strip()
                    # print('接收到信息:{}'.format(dataGet))
                    if dataGet == 'S':
                        # if not modesQue.empty():
                        w = int(oledWidth * imgToOledScale)
                        h = int(oledHeight * imgToOledScale)
                        dataSend = w.to_bytes(
                            1, byteorder='little') + h.to_bytes(1, byteorder='little')
                        conn.send(dataSend)
                        # else:
                        #     print('视频传输结束,等待输入新视频')
                        #     break
                    if dataGet == 'D' and imgToOled!=None:
                        # modeList = modesQue.get()  # 每个元素是十进制的字符串形式
                        modeList = imgToOled
                        dataSend = b''
                        for i in range(len(modeList)):
                            dataSend += (modeList[i].to_bytes(1,
                                                            byteorder='little'))
                        # print(len(modeList))
                        # print(modeList)
                        conn.send(dataSend)
                    if dataGet == 'N':
                        myui.printLog('接收请求信息:{},客户端要求关闭服务器'.format(dataGet))
                        break
                    if dataGet == '':
                        myui.printLog('客户端异常,连接断开')
                        break
            print("关闭连接")
            s.close()

    def stop(self):
        self.__e.clear()
    def pause(self):
        self.__e2.clear()
    def resume(self):
        self.__e2.set()

if __name__ == '__main__':
    app = QtWidgets.QApplication(sys.argv)
    myui = MyUi()
    myui.printLog('注意:\n1.请先配置OLED信息,然后点击【启动服务器】\n2.选择要播放的视频\n3.等待客户端连接,直到出现"客户端xxx已连接"即可\n4.点击【确认】开始播放视频\n5.播放过程可以随时切换视频、以及暂停')
    myui.show()
    sys.exit(app.exec())

3、TCP客户端实现

采用Arduino+u8g2库开发

#include <WiFi.h>
#include "U8g2lib.h"

//接线:SCL=19, SDA=18
U8G2_SSD1306_128X64_NONAME_F_HW_I2C u8g2(U8G2_R0, /* reset=*/U8X8_PIN_NONE, /* clock=*/19, /* data=*/18); // ESP32 Thing, HW I2C with pin remapping
//U8G2_SSD1306_128X64_NONAME_F_HW_I2C u8g2(U8G2_R0, /* reset=*/ U8X8_PIN_NONE);

const char *ssid = "ssid";
const char *password = "xxxx";

const IPAddress serverIP(192,168,43,157); //欲访问的地址
uint16_t serverPort = 8762;         //服务器端口号
uint8_t w, h;  // 图片宽高
uint8_t img[4000] PROGMEM = {0};
uint8_t buff[4000] PROGMEM = {0};

WiFiClient client; //声明一个客户端对象,用于与服务器进行连接

void setup()
{
    Serial.begin(115200);
    Serial.println();

    WiFi.mode(WIFI_STA);
    WiFi.setSleep(false); //关闭STA模式下wifi休眠,提高响应速度
    WiFi.begin(ssid, password);
    u8g2.begin();
    while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED)
    {
        delay(500);
        Serial.print(".");
    }
    Serial.println("Connected");
    Serial.print("IP Address:");
    Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());
}

uint8_t shape[2];  //宽高
uint16_t read_count;

//使图片显示到屏幕中间, w, h为图片宽高
void showImg(uint8_t w, uint8_t h, uint8_t *img){
      uint8_t x, y;
      x = (128-w)/2;
      y = (64-h)/2;
      u8g2.clearBuffer();
      u8g2.drawXBMP(x, y, w, h, img);
      u8g2.setFont(u8g2_font_ncenB14_tr);
      u8g2.sendBuffer();
}

void loop()
{
    Serial.println("尝试连接服务器");
    if (client.connect(serverIP, serverPort)) //尝试访问目标地址
    {
        Serial.println("连接成功");

        client.print("S");                    //向服务器发送S,获取帧宽高
      while(client.connected()){
          while(1)
          {
              if (client.available()) //如果有数据可读取
              {
                  read_count = client.read(shape, 1024);//向缓冲区读取数据,read_count为读取到的数据长度
                  w = shape[0];
                  h = shape[1];
                  client.write("D"); //发送D,获取图片数据(已经转换为u8g2能显示的格式)
              }
              else continue;
              break;
          }
          while(1)
          {
              if(client.available()) //如果有数据可读取
              {
                  read_count = client.read(buff, 2048);
                  memcpy(img, buff, read_count);//将读取的buff字节地址复制给img_buff数组 
                  client.write("S"); 
              }
              else continue;
              showImg(w, h, img);
              memset(img,0,sizeof(img));//清空buff
              break;
          }
          
      }
    }
    else
    {
        Serial.println("访问失败");
        client.stop(); //关闭客户端
    }
    delay(500);
}

4、运行效果

在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述

posted @ 2023-02-07 21:24  aJream  阅读(264)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报