[CQOI2015]选数

题目链接:Click here

Solution:

先把式子列出来

\[\sum_{i_1=L} ^{H}\sum_{i_2=L}^H \dots\sum_{i_n=L}^H [gcd(i_{j=1}^n)=k]\\ \]

接下来就是莫反套路了

\[\sum_{i_1=\lfloor{L-1 \over k}\rfloor} ^{\lfloor{H\over k}\rfloor}\sum_{i_2=\lfloor{L-1 \over k}\rfloor}^{\lfloor{H\over k}\rfloor} \dots\sum_{i_n=\lfloor{L-1 \over k}\rfloor}^{\lfloor{H\over k}\rfloor} [gcd(i_{j=1}^n)=1]\\ \sum_{d=1}^{\lfloor{H\over k}\rfloor}\mu(d)\sum_{i_1=\lfloor{L-1 \over kd}\rfloor} ^{\lfloor{H\over kd}\rfloor}\sum_{i_2=\lfloor{L-1 \over kd}\rfloor}^{\lfloor{H\over kd}\rfloor} \dots\sum_{i_n=\lfloor{L-1 \over kd}\rfloor}^{\lfloor{H\over kd}\rfloor} \\ \]

把后面的东西提出来,等于\((\lfloor{H\over kd}\rfloor-\lfloor{L-1 \over kd}\rfloor)^n\),即

\[\sum_{d=1}^{\lfloor{H\over k}\rfloor}\mu(d)(\lfloor{H\over kd}\rfloor-\lfloor{L-1 \over kd}\rfloor)^n \]

杜教筛筛\(\mu\)是基本操作,在数论分块即可

Code:

#include<bits/stdc++.h>
#define int long long
using namespace std;
const int N=2e6+11;
const int mod=1e9+7;
const int inf=1919191919;
bool vis[N];
int L,R,n,k,cnt;
int ans,p[N],u[N];
unordered_map<int,int> vu;
int read(){
	int x=0,f=1;char ch=getchar();
	while(!isdigit(ch)){if(ch=='-')f=-f;ch=getchar();}
	while(isdigit(ch)){x=x*10+ch-48;ch=getchar();}
	return x*f;
}
int qpow(int a,int b){
    int re=1;
    while(b){
        if(b&1) re=re*a%mod;
        b>>=1;a=a*a%mod;
    }return re%mod;
}
void prepare(){
    u[1]=1;
    for(int i=2;i<N;i++){
        if(!vis[i]) p[++cnt]=i,u[i]=-1;
        for(int j=1;j<=cnt&&i*p[j]<N;j++){
            vis[i*p[j]]=1;
            if(i%p[j]==0) break;
            u[i*p[j]]=-u[i];
        }
    }
    for(int i=1;i<N;i++) u[i]+=u[i-1];
}
int getS(int x){
    if(x<N) return u[x];
    if(vu[x]) return vu[x];
    int re=1;
    for(int i=2,j;i<=x;i=j+1){
        j=x/(x/i);
        re-=getS(x/i)*(j-i+1)%mod;
        re=(re+mod)%mod;
    }return vu[x]=re;
}
signed main(){
    prepare();
    n=read(),k=read(),L=read(),R=read();
    --L;L/=k;R/=k;
    for(int i=1,j;i<=R;i=j+1){
        j=min(L/i?L/(L/i):inf,R/(R/i));
        int v=(getS(j)-getS(i-1))%mod;
        int tmp=(R/i-L/i);tmp=qpow(tmp,n);
        ans+=tmp*v%mod;ans=(ans+mod)%mod;
    }
    printf("%lld\n",ans);
    return 0;
}
posted @ 2019-12-19 18:44  DQY_dqy  阅读(108)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报