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PPO-KL散度近端策略优化玩cartpole游戏

 

其实KL散度在这个游戏里的作用不大,游戏的action比较简单,不像LM里的action是一个很大的向量,可以直接用surr1,最大化surr1,实验测试确实是这样,而且KL的系数不能给太大,否则惩罚力度太大,action model 和ref model产生的action其实分布的差距并不太大

 

import gym
import torch
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.optim as optim
import numpy as np
import pygame
import sys
from collections import deque

# 定义策略网络
class PolicyNetwork(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(PolicyNetwork, self).__init__()
        self.fc = nn.Sequential(
            nn.Linear(4, 2),
            nn.Tanh(),
            nn.Linear(2, 2),  # CartPole的动作空间为2
            nn.Softmax(dim=-1)
        )

    def forward(self, x):
        return self.fc(x)

# 定义值网络
class ValueNetwork(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(ValueNetwork, self).__init__()
        self.fc = nn.Sequential(
            nn.Linear(4, 2),
            nn.Tanh(),
            nn.Linear(2, 1)
        )

    def forward(self, x):
        return self.fc(x)

# 经验回放缓冲区
class RolloutBuffer:
    def __init__(self):
        self.states = []
        self.actions = []
        self.rewards = []
        self.dones = []
        self.log_probs = []
    
    def store(self, state, action, reward, done, log_prob):
        self.states.append(state)
        self.actions.append(action)
        self.rewards.append(reward)
        self.dones.append(done)
        self.log_probs.append(log_prob)
    
    def clear(self):
        self.states = []
        self.actions = []
        self.rewards = []
        self.dones = []
        self.log_probs = []

    def get_batch(self):
        return (
            torch.tensor(self.states, dtype=torch.float),
            torch.tensor(self.actions, dtype=torch.long),
            torch.tensor(self.rewards, dtype=torch.float),
            torch.tensor(self.dones, dtype=torch.bool),
            torch.tensor(self.log_probs, dtype=torch.float)
        )

# PPO更新函数
def ppo_update(policy_net, value_net, optimizer_policy, optimizer_value, buffer, epochs=100, gamma=0.99, clip_param=0.2):
    states, actions, rewards, dones, old_log_probs = buffer.get_batch()
    returns = []
    advantages = []
    G = 0
    adv = 0
    dones = dones.to(torch.int)
    # print(dones)
    for reward, done, value in zip(reversed(rewards), reversed(dones), reversed(value_net(states))):
        if done:
            G = 0
            adv = 0
        G = reward + gamma * G  #蒙特卡洛回溯G值
        delta = reward + gamma * value.item() * (1 - done) - value.item()  #TD差分
        # adv = delta + gamma * 0.95 * adv * (1 - done)  #
        adv = delta + adv*(1-done)
        returns.insert(0, G)
        advantages.insert(0, adv)

    returns = torch.tensor(returns, dtype=torch.float)  #价值
    advantages = torch.tensor(advantages, dtype=torch.float)
    advantages = (advantages - advantages.mean()) / (advantages.std() + 1e-8)  #add baseline

    for _ in range(epochs):
        action_probs = policy_net(states)
        dist = torch.distributions.Categorical(action_probs)
        new_log_probs = dist.log_prob(actions)
        ratio = (new_log_probs - old_log_probs).exp()

        KL = new_log_probs.exp()*(new_log_probs - old_log_probs).mean()   #KL散度 p*log(p/p')
        #下面三行是核心
        surr1 = ratio * advantages

        PPO1,PPO2 = True,False
        # print(surr1,KL*500)
        if PPO1 == True:
            actor_loss = -(surr1 - KL).mean()

        if PPO2 == True:
            surr2 = torch.clamp(ratio, 1.0 - clip_param, 1.0 + clip_param) * advantages
            actor_loss = -torch.min(surr1, surr2).mean()

        optimizer_policy.zero_grad()
        actor_loss.backward()
        optimizer_policy.step()

        value_loss = (returns - value_net(states)).pow(2).mean()

        optimizer_value.zero_grad()
        value_loss.backward()
        optimizer_value.step()

# 初始化环境和模型
env = gym.make('CartPole-v1')
policy_net = PolicyNetwork()
value_net = ValueNetwork()
optimizer_policy = optim.Adam(policy_net.parameters(), lr=3e-4)
optimizer_value = optim.Adam(value_net.parameters(), lr=1e-3)
buffer = RolloutBuffer()

# Pygame初始化
pygame.init()
screen = pygame.display.set_mode((600, 400))
clock = pygame.time.Clock()

draw_on = False
# 训练循环
state = env.reset()
for episode in range(10000):  # 训练轮次
    done = False
    state = state[0]
    step= 0
    while not done:
        step+=1
        state_tensor = torch.FloatTensor(state).unsqueeze(0)
        action_probs = policy_net(state_tensor)   #旧policy推理数据
        dist = torch.distributions.Categorical(action_probs)
        action = dist.sample()
        log_prob = dist.log_prob(action)
        
        next_state, reward, done, _ ,_ = env.step(action.item())
        buffer.store(state, action.item(), reward, done, log_prob)
        
        state = next_state

        # 实时显示
        for event in pygame.event.get():
            if event.type == pygame.QUIT:
                pygame.quit()
                sys.exit()

        if draw_on:
            # 清屏并重新绘制
            screen.fill((0, 0, 0))
            cart_x = int(state[0] * 100 + 300)  # 位置转换为屏幕坐标
            pygame.draw.rect(screen, (0, 128, 255), (cart_x, 300, 50, 30))
            pygame.draw.line(screen, (255, 0, 0), (cart_x + 25, 300), (cart_x + 25 - int(50 * np.sin(state[2])), 300 - int(50 * np.cos(state[2]))), 5)
            pygame.display.flip()
            clock.tick(60)

    if step >2000:
        draw_on = True
    ppo_update(policy_net, value_net, optimizer_policy, optimizer_value, buffer)
    buffer.clear()
    state = env.reset()
    print(f'Episode {episode} completed , reward:  {step}.')

# 结束训练
env.close()
pygame.quit()

 

效果:

 

posted @ 2024-05-15 22:06  高颜值的殺生丸  阅读(69)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报

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刘新宇

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