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Python time datetime常用时间处理方法

常用时间转换及处理函数:

import datetime
# 获取当前时间
d1 = datetime.datetime.now()
print d1
# 当前时间加上半小时
d2 = d1 + datetime.timedelta(hours=0.5)
print d2
# 格式化字符串输出
d3 = d2.strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S')
print d3
# 将字符串转化为时间类型
d4 = datetime.datetime.strptime(date,'%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S.%f')
print d4

 

获取本周和本月第一天的日期:

# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
import datetime
def first_day_of_month():
    '''
    获取本月第一天
    :return:
    '''
    # now_date = datetime.datetime.now()
    # return (now_date + datetime.timedelta(days=-now_date.day + 1)).replace(hour=0, minute=0, second=0,
    # microsecond=0)
    return datetime.date.today() - datetime.timedelta(days=datetime.datetime.now().day - 1)
def first_day_of_week():
    '''
    获取本周第一天
    :return:
    '''
    return datetime.date.today() - datetime.timedelta(days=datetime.date.today().weekday())
if __name__ == "__main__":
    this_week = first_day_of_week()
    last_week = this_week - datetime.timedelta(days=7)
    this_month = first_day_of_month()
    last_month = this_month - datetime.timedelta(days=(this_month - datetime.timedelta(days=1)).day)
    print this_week
    print last_week
    print this_month
    print last_month

 

posted @ 2015-06-14 16:22  初行  阅读(...)  评论(... 编辑 收藏