# 中国剩余定理详解

## 引入

\begin{cases}x\equiv 2\left( mod\ 3\right) \\
x\equiv 3\left( mod\ 5\right) \\
x\equiv 2\left( mod\ 7\right) \end{cases}

## 中国剩余定理

\begin{cases}x\equiv 1\left( mod\ 3\right) \\
x\equiv 0\left( mod\ 5\right) \\
x\equiv 0\left( mod\ 7\right) \end{cases}

\begin{cases}x\equiv 0\left( mod\ 3\right) \\
x\equiv 1\left( mod\ 5\right) \\
x\equiv 0\left( mod\ 7\right) \end{cases}

\begin{cases}x\equiv 0\left( mod\ 3\right) \\
x\equiv 0\left( mod\ 5\right) \\
x\equiv 1\left( mod\ 7\right) \end{cases}

$$35y\equiv 1\left( mod\ 3\right)$$

$$2y\equiv 1\left( mod\ 3\right)$$

$$\begin{pmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \\ 0 \end{pmatrix}=70\begin{pmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \\ 0 \end{pmatrix}=21\begin{pmatrix} 0 \\ 0 \\ 1 \end{pmatrix}=15$$

$$\begin{pmatrix} 2 \\ 3 \\ 2 \end{pmatrix}=2\begin{pmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \\ 0 \end{pmatrix}+3\begin{pmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \\ 0 \end{pmatrix}+2\begin{pmatrix} 0 \\ 0 \\ 1 \end{pmatrix}$$

$$=2\times 70+3\times 21+2\times 15\equiv 23\left( mod\ 105\right)$$

$$\begin{cases}x\equiv b_{1}\left( mod\ m_{1}\right) \\ x\equiv b_{2}\left( mod\ m_{2}\right) \\ \ldots \\ x\equiv br\left( mod\ m_r\right) \end{cases}$$

$$\begin{cases}x\equiv 0\left( mod\ m_{1}\right) \\ \ldots \\ x\equiv 0\left( mod\ m_{i-1}\right) \\ \ldots \\ x\equiv 1\left( mod\ m_{i}\right) \\ \ldots \\ x\equiv 0\left( mod\ m_{i+1}\right) \\ \ldots \\ x\equiv0\left( mod\ M_{r}\right) \end{cases}$$

$\left( N/m_{i}\right) y\equiv 1\left( mod\ m_{i}\right)$

## 例题

http://poj.org/problem?id=1006

posted @ 2018-02-07 07:52  自为风月马前卒  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏

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