iOS开发之结合asp.net webservice实现文件上传下载

iOS开发中会经常用到文件上传下载的功能,这篇文件将介绍一下使用asp.net webservice实现文件上传下载。

首先,让我们看下文件下载。

这里我们下载cnblogs上的一个zip文件。使用NSURLRequest+NSURLConnection可以很方便的实现这个功能。

同步下载文件:

        NSString *urlAsString =@"http://files.cnblogs.com/zhuqil/UIWebViewDemo.zip";
NSURL
*url = [NSURL URLWithString:urlAsString];
NSURLRequest
*request = [NSURLRequest requestWithURL:url];
NSError
*error = nil;
NSData
*data = [NSURLConnection sendSynchronousRequest:request
returningResponse:nil
error:
&error];
/* 下载的数据 */
if (data != nil){
NSLog(
@"下载成功");
if ([data writeToFile:@"UIWebViewDemo.zip" atomically:YES]) {
NSLog(
@"保存成功.");
}
else
{
NSLog(
@"保存失败.");
}
}
else {
NSLog(
@"%@", error);
}

异步下载文件:

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
[super viewDidLoad];
//文件地址
NSString *urlAsString =@"http://files.cnblogs.com/zhuqil/UIWebViewDemo.zip";
NSURL
*url = [NSURL URLWithString:urlAsString];
NSURLRequest
*request = [NSURLRequest requestWithURL:url];
NSMutableData
*data = [[NSMutableData alloc] init];
self.connectionData
= data;
[data release];
NSURLConnection
*newConnection = [[NSURLConnection alloc]
initWithRequest:request
delegate:self
startImmediately:YES];
self.connection
= newConnection;
[newConnection release];
if (self.connection != nil){
NSLog(
@"Successfully created the connection");
}
else {
NSLog(
@"Could not create the connection");
}
}




- (void) connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection
didFailWithError:(NSError
*)error{
NSLog(
@"An error happened");
NSLog(
@"%@", error);
}
- (void) connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection
didReceiveData:(NSData
*)data{
NSLog(
@"Received data");
[self.connectionData appendData:data];
}
- (void) connectionDidFinishLoading
:(NSURLConnection
*)connection{
/* 下载的数据 */

NSLog(
@"下载成功");
if ([self.connectionData writeToFile:@"UIWebViewDemo.zip" atomically:YES]) {
NSLog(
@"保存成功.");
}
else
{
NSLog(
@"保存失败.");
}

/* do something with the data here */
}
- (void) connection:(NSURLConnection *)connection
didReceiveResponse:(NSURLResponse
*)response{
[self.connectionData setLength:
0];
}

- (void) viewDidUnload{
[super viewDidUnload];
[self.connection cancel];
self.connection
= nil;
self.connectionData
= nil;
}

从上面两段代码中可以看到同步与异步下载的区别,大部分时候我们使用异步下载文件。在asp.net webservice中可以将文件的地址返回到iOS系统,iOS系统在去请求下载该文件。

上传文件

我们先使用VB.Net写一个webservice方法,用于接收上传上来的文件数据,代码如下。

    <WebMethod(Description:="上传文件!")> _
Public Function UploadFile() As XmlDocument
        Dim doc As XmlDocument = New XmlDocument()
        Try
            Dim postCollection As HttpFileCollection = Context.Request.Files
            Dim aFile As HttpPostedFile = postCollection("media")
            aFile.SaveAs(Server.MapPath(".") + "/" + Path.GetFileName(aFile.FileName))
            doc.LoadXml("<xml>ok</xml>")
            Return doc
        Catch ex As Exception
            doc.LoadXml("<xml>fail</xml>")
            Return doc
        End Try
    End Function

文件上传接口

定义一个类PicOperation用于处理上传图片:

@interface PicOperation : NSOperation 
{
	UIImage *theImage;
}
@property (retain) UIImage *theImage;
@end
//
//  PicOperation.m
//  DownLoading
//
//  Created by skylin zhu on 11-7-30.
//  Copyright 2011年 mysoft. All rights reserved.
//

#import "PicOperation.h"

#define NOTIFY_AND_LEAVE(X) {[self cleanup:X]; return;}
#define DATA(X)	[X dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]

// Posting constants
#define IMAGE_CONTENT @"Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"%@\"; filename=\"image.jpg\"\r\nContent-Type: image/jpeg\r\n\r\n"
#define STRING_CONTENT @"Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"%@\"\r\n\r\n"
#define MULTIPART @"multipart/form-data; boundary=------------0x0x0x0x0x0x0x0x"

@implementation PicOperation
@synthesize theImage;

//创建postdata
- (NSData*)generateFormDataFromPostDictionary:(NSDictionary*)dict
{
    id boundary = @"------------0x0x0x0x0x0x0x0x";
    NSArray* keys = [dict allKeys];
    NSMutableData* result = [NSMutableData data];
	
    for (int i = 0; i < [keys count]; i++) 
    {
        id value = [dict valueForKey: [keys objectAtIndex:i]];
        [result appendData:[[NSString stringWithFormat:@"--%@\r\n", boundary] dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]];
		
		if ([value isKindOfClass:[NSData class]]) 
		{
			// handle image data
			NSString *formstring = [NSString stringWithFormat:IMAGE_CONTENT, [keys objectAtIndex:i]];
			[result appendData: DATA(formstring)];
			[result appendData:value];
		}
		else 
		{
			// all non-image fields assumed to be strings
			NSString *formstring = [NSString stringWithFormat:STRING_CONTENT, [keys objectAtIndex:i]];
			[result appendData: DATA(formstring)];
			[result appendData:DATA(value)];
		}
		
		NSString *formstring = @"\r\n";
        [result appendData:DATA(formstring)];
    }
	
	NSString *formstring =[NSString stringWithFormat:@"--%@--\r\n", boundary];
    [result appendData:DATA(formstring)];
    return result;
}
//上传图片
- (NSString *) UpLoading
{
	if (!self.theImage)
		NOTIFY_AND_LEAVE(@"Please set image before uploading.");
    
    
	NSMutableDictionary* post_dict = [[NSMutableDictionary alloc] init];
    
	[post_dict setObject:@"Posted from iPhone" forKey:@"message"];
	[post_dict setObject:UIImageJPEGRepresentation(self.theImage, 0.75f) forKey:@"media"];
	
	NSData *postData = [self generateFormDataFromPostDictionary:post_dict];
	[post_dict release];
	
    NSString *baseurl = @"http://10.5.23.121:7878/WorkflowService.asmx/UploadFile"; 
    NSURL *url = [NSURL URLWithString:baseurl];
    NSMutableURLRequest *urlRequest = [NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:url];
    if (!urlRequest) NOTIFY_AND_LEAVE(@"Error creating the URL Request");
	
    [urlRequest setHTTPMethod: @"POST"];
	[urlRequest setValue:MULTIPART forHTTPHeaderField: @"Content-Type"];
    [urlRequest setHTTPBody:postData];
	
	// Submit & retrieve results
    NSError *error;
    NSURLResponse *response;
	NSLog(@"Contacting TwitPic....");
    NSData* result = [NSURLConnection sendSynchronousRequest:urlRequest returningResponse:&response error:&error];
    if (!result)
	{
		[self cleanup:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"Submission error: %@", [error localizedDescription]]];
		return;
	}
	
	// Return results
    NSString *outstring = [[[NSString alloc] initWithData:result encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding] autorelease];
    return outstring;
}
@end

这里我主要定义了两个方法,一个是generateFormDataFromPostDictionary用于创建post form data,一个是UpLoading供调用的类上传图片,这个类需要一个UIimage的对象。

类定义好了,上传图片就非常方便了,看下面代码:

    PicOperation *pic = [[PicOperation alloc] init];
    pic.theImage=[UIImage imageNamed:@"meinv4.jpg"];;
    NSString *result = [pic UpLoading];
    NSLog(result);

总结:这篇文章讲述了如何在iOS中结合asp.net webservice实现文件的上传和下载功能。

 



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posted @ 2011-07-30 16:02 麒麟 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏