java利用钉钉机器人向钉钉群推送消息

第一步、登录钉钉电脑版,获得钉钉机器人的webhook;

 

第二步,用java发送post请求给钉钉完成消息推送

package com.thinkgem.wlw.modules.lhjh.DingTalk;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

import java.io.*;
import java.net.URL;
import java.net.URLConnection;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Map.Entry;
/**
 * @Author: zhouhe
 * @Date: 2019/6/20 14:49
 */
public class SendHttps {
    private static Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(SendHttps.class);
    /**
     * 发送POST请求,参数是Map, contentType=x-www-form-urlencoded
     *
     * @param url
     * @param mapParam
     * @return
     */
    public static String sendPostByMap(String url, Map<String, Object> mapParam) {
        Map<String, String> headParam = new HashMap();
        headParam.put("Content-type", "application/json;charset=UTF-8");
        return sendPost(url, mapParam, headParam);
    }

    /**
     * 向指定 URL 发送POST方法的请求
     *
     * @param url   发送请求的 URL
     * @param param 请求参数,
     * @return 所代表远程资源的响应结果
     */
    public static String sendPost(String url, Map<String, Object> param, Map<String, String> headParam) {
        PrintWriter out = null;
        BufferedReader in = null;
        String result = "";
        try {
            URL realUrl = new URL(url);
            // 打开和URL之间的连接
            URLConnection conn = realUrl.openConnection();
            // 设置通用的请求属性 请求头
            conn.setRequestProperty("accept", "*/*");
            conn.setRequestProperty("connection", "Keep-Alive");
            conn.setRequestProperty("user-agent",
                    "Fiddler");

            if (headParam != null) {
                for (Entry<String, String> entry : headParam.entrySet()) {
                    conn.setRequestProperty(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());
                }
            }
            // 发送POST请求必须设置如下两行
            conn.setDoOutput(true);
            conn.setDoInput(true);
            // 获取URLConnection对象对应的输出流
            out = new PrintWriter(conn.getOutputStream());
            // 发送请求参数
            out.print(JSON.toJSONString(param));
            // flush输出流的缓冲
            out.flush();
            // 定义BufferedReader输入流来读取URL的响应
            in = new BufferedReader(
                    new InputStreamReader(conn.getInputStream()));
            String line;
            while ((line = in.readLine()) != null) {
                result += line;
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            logger.info("发送 POST 请求出现异常!" + e);
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        //使用finally块来关闭输出流、输入流
        finally {
            try {
                if (out != null) {
                    out.close();
                }
                if (in != null) {
                    in.close();
                }
            } catch (IOException ex) {
                ex.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        return result;
    }
}

第三步,编写测试类

package com.thinkgem.wlw.modules.lhjh.DingTalk;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * @Author: zhouhe
 * @Date: 2019/6/20 14:52
 */
public class SendMessage {
    public static void main(String[] args){

        // 钉钉的webhook
        String dingDingToken="https://oapi.dingtalk.com/robot/send?access_token=0f0daca33m98gn78f00189fe1e1e908b81fa26d0d8ddd48fa78a844cd8636187";
        // 请求的JSON数据,这里我用map在工具类里转成json格式
        Map<String,Object> json=new HashMap();
        Map<String,Object> text=new HashMap();
        json.put("msgtype","text");
        text.put("content","临涣焦化:VOCs排放浓度大于上限:61.89");
        json.put("text",text);
        // 发送post请求
        String response = SendHttps.sendPostByMap(dingDingToken, json);
        System.out.println("相应结果:"+response);

    }
}

 

测试结果如下:

 

 

posted @ 2019-06-20 15:07  农名工进城  阅读(10744)  评论(4编辑  收藏  举报