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python+selenium-【六】-完整的项目结构

前言:

从前面五篇,对selenium大概也有了个理解,如何定位元素,如何操作元素,如何切换句柄。这时候就要做个小demo实战下了!

功能主要有:

1-PO模式,设计page、testcase、testsuit

2-打印log文件

3-生成测试报告

4-压缩测试报告,发送到邮箱

 

一、项目结构

 

二、pages讲解

pages是对要写自动化的页面进行分离,抽取出来定位元素,执行方法。以login为例子

打开页面--->进入登录页面--->选择账号登录---->输入框输入用户名密码--->点击登录

 1 #!/usr/bin/env python
 2 # -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
 3 # @Time    : 2019-08-05 14:44
 4 # @Author  : zhangxue
 5 # @File    : LoginPage.py
 6 # @Desc    : 登录页面
 7 
 8 import time
 9 from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
10 from config.url import *
11 from config.config import *
12 from selenium import webdriver
13 from pages.BasePage import BasePage
14 
15 class LoginPage(BasePage):
16     '''用户登录页面'''
17     # 定位器,通过元素属性定位元素对象
18     login_loc = (By.XPATH, "//a[@class='header_link console']") #首页控制台链接
19     account_loc = (By.XPATH, "//div[@class='ant-tabs-nav ant-tabs-nav-animated']//div[2]//span")   #账号登录tab选项
20     username_loc = (By.XPATH, "//input[@id='username_or_email']")   #用户名/邮箱/手机号input
21     password_loc = (By.XPATH, "//input[@id='password']")
22     submit_loc = (By.XPATH, "//div[@class='ant-tabs-tabpane ant-tabs-tabpane-active']//button[@class='ant-btn login-submit-btn ant-btn-primary ant-btn-lg']//span")   #登录按钮
23 
24     login_url = baseurl_console + "login"  # 登录链接
25     console_dashboardUrl = baseurl_console + "dashboard"  # 登录状态的url
26 
27     """打开官网首页"""
28     def openPage(self):
29         self.open(baseurl_guanwang, title_guanwang)
30 
31     """进入登录页面"""
32     def click_console(self):
33         self.find_element(*self.login_loc).click()
34         assert self.assert_page_title(title_console), u"title不正确! %s" % title_console
35         assert self.assert_page_url(self.login_url), "url地址不对! %s" % self.login_url
36 
37     """选择账号登录tab"""
38     def click_accountLogin(self):
39         self.find_element(*self.account_loc).click()
40 
41     # 输入用户名
42     def input_username(self, username):
43         self.find_element(*self.username_loc).clear()
44         self.find_element(*self.username_loc).click()
45         self.find_element(*self.username_loc).send_keys(username)
46 
47     # 输入密码
48     def input_password(self, password):
49         self.find_element(*self.password_loc).clear()
50         self.find_element(*self.password_loc).click()
51         self.find_element(*self.password_loc).send_keys(password)
52 
53     # 点击登录
54     def click_submit(self):
55         self.find_element(*self.submit_loc).click()
56 
57     #统一登录入口,方便其他地方调用
58     def user_login(self, username, password):
59         self.openPage()
60         self.click_console()
61         time.sleep(3)
62 
63         nowhandle = self.driver.current_window_handle  # 在这里得到当前窗口句柄
64         allhandles = self.driver.window_handles  # 获取所有窗口句柄
65         for handle in allhandles:  # 在所有窗口中查找弹出窗口
66             if handle != nowhandle:
67                 self.driver.switch_to.window(handle)  # 这两步是在弹出窗口中进行的操作,证明我们确实进入了
68 
69         self.click_accountLogin()
70         time.sleep(1)
71         self.input_username(username)
72         self.input_password(password)
73         time.sleep(1)
74         self.click_submit()
75 
76         # 登录成功后比对url和title
77         assert self.assert_page_title(title_console), u"title不正确! %s" % title_console
78         assert self.assert_page_url(self.console_dashboardUrl), "url地址不对! %s" % self.console_dashboardUrl
79 
80         time.sleep(2)
81 
82         self.driver.get_screenshot_as_file(basedir + '/report/screen/登录.png')
83 
84 
85 
86 # if __name__ == "__main__":
87 #     driver = webdriver.Chrome()
88 #     login = LoginPage(driver)
89 #     login.openPage()
90 #     login.click_console()
91 #     login.click_accountLogin()

 

三、testcase讲解

testcase就是对pages对应的方法组装,进行case设计,因为login页面没写太多case,就以一个为例子

 1 #!/usr/bin/env python
 2 # -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
 3 # @Time    : 2019-08-05 15:31
 4 # @Author  : zhangxue
 5 # @File    : test_login.py
 6 # @Desc    : 登录校验
 7 
 8 import unittest
 9 import time
10 from selenium import webdriver
11 from config.url import *
12 from lib.publicMethod.Log import logger
13 from pages.LoginPage import *
14 from config.config import *
15 
16 class CaseLogin(unittest.TestCase):
17     """控制台登录"""
18 
19     @classmethod
20     def setUpClass(cls):
21         logger.info("##########登录测试  开始##############")
22         cls.driver = webdriver.Chrome()
23         cls.username = username
24         cls.password = password
25         cls.loginPage = LoginPage(cls.driver)
26 
27     # 用例执行体
28     def test_login(self):
29         self.loginPage.user_login(self.username, self.password)
30 
31 
32     @classmethod
33     def tearDownClass(cls):
34         cls.driver.quit()
35         logger.info("##########登录测试  结束##############")
36 
37 
38 if __name__ == "__main__":
39     unittest.main()

 

四、testsuite讲解

testsuite是对testcase进行组装,统一的一个执行入口。testsuite有多种组合方法,可以详细的去了解下,代码的注释中有几种的讲解

 1 #!/usr/bin/env python
 2 # -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
 3 
 4 import unittest
 5 import os
 6 
 7 from lib.publicMethod.HTMLTestRunner_PY3 import HTMLTestRunner
 8 import time
 9 from lib.publicMethod import Send_email
10 
11 if __name__ == '__main__':
12 # 生成报告文件的参数
13     basedir = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))))
14     print(basedir)
15 # discover这个方法可以递归的去识别路径下所有符合pattern的文件,将这些文件加入套件
16     suite = unittest.defaultTestLoader.discover(basedir+'/test/testcase/', pattern='*.py')
17 
18 # 1、用TestSuite的addTests()方法,将测试用例组装成测试套件,不用TestLoader时,传入的是case里面的方法名。用TestLoader时传入类的类名
19 #    addTest传入单个的Testcase方法,addTests传入Testcase方法数组
20     #  suite.addTest(TestMathFunc('test_add'))
21     # tests = [TestMathFunc('test_add'),TestMathFunc('test_minus'),TestMathFunc('test_divide')]
22     # suite.addTests(tests)
23 
24 # 2、使用addTests+TestLoader传入测试用例,但是TestLoader无法对case排序
25 
26     # 2.1  loadTestsFromName传入‘模块名.TestCase名’(文件名.里面的类名)
27     # suite.addTests(unittest.TestLoader().loadTestsFromName('test_mathfunc.TestMathFunc'))
28     # # 2.2  loadTestsFromNames就是传入列表即有多个testcase时,依次传入文件
29     # suite.addTests(unittest.TestLoader().loadTestsFromNames(['test_mathfunc.TestMathFunc']))
30     # 2.3  loadTestsFromTestCase传入TestCase名,(testcae中文件里面的类名)
31     # suite.addTests(unittest.TestLoader().loadTestsFromTestCase(TestMathFunc))
32 #     suite.addTests(unittest.TestLoader().loadTestsFromTestCase(TwoMathFun))
33 #     suite.addTests(unittest.TestLoader().loadTestsFromTestCase(Add))
34 
35     # suite.addTest(unittest.TestLoader().loadTestsFromTestCase(UntitledTestCase))
36 # 运行suite,这样写是将结果输出到控制台
37     # verbosity参数可以控制输出的错误报告的详细程度,默认是1,
38     # 如果设为0,则不输出每一用例的执行结果,即没有上面的结果中的第1行;
39     # 如果设为2,则输出详细的执行结果
40     # runner = unittest.TextTestRunner(verbosity=2)
41     # runner.run(suite)
42 
43 #运行suite,并将结果输出到Html报告里
44 #生成报告文件的参数
45     report_title = 'facepp-UI自动化测试'
46     desc = '饼图统计测试执行情况'
47     report_file = basedir+'/report/faceppUI.html'
48     with open(report_file, 'wb') as report:
49         runner = HTMLTestRunner(stream=report, title=report_title, description=desc)
50         runner.run(suite)
51 
52 
53 # 发送报告到邮箱
54     time.sleep(1)
55     Send_email.cr_zip('TestReport.zip',basedir + '/report/')
56     Send_email.send_mail_report("facepp-UI自动化测试!!!")

 

 

五、生成html报告

忽略我的报错,因为我现在的电脑上没有安装浏览器的驱动

 

大概就是这个样子,饼图会将通过的失败的错误的。下面的表格会展示出所有的case,详情里会将错误信息展示出来

 

 

 

 

六、发送到邮箱

执行成功后,会发送到邮箱一封邮件,发送人、收件人都是可以设置的。邮件内容为测试结果,html报告打包后的压缩文件,可以下载后,打开查看html报告

1 # 发送报告到邮箱
2     time.sleep(1)
3     Send_email.cr_zip('TestReport.zip',basedir + '/report/')
4     Send_email.send_mail_report("facepp-UI自动化测试!!!")

七、生成日志

 

日志格式如上,年月日时分秒,然后info、error等信息

使用时,引入logger类,然后logger.info("##########登录测试 开始##############")即可

 

八、生成html报告源码|发送到邮箱邮件源码 |日志源码

 

生成html报告

  1 # -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
  2 """
  3 A TestRunner for use with the Python unit testing framework. It
  4 generates a HTML report to show the result at a glance.
  5 
  6 The simplest way to use this is to invoke its main method. E.g.
  7 
  8     import unittest
  9     import HTMLTestRunner
 10 
 11     ... define your tests ...
 12 
 13     if __name__ == '__main__':
 14         HTMLTestRunner.main()
 15 
 16 
 17 For more customization options, instantiates a HTMLTestRunner object.
 18 HTMLTestRunner is a counterpart to unittest's TextTestRunner. E.g.
 19 
 20     # output to a file
 21     fp = file('my_report.html', 'wb')
 22     runner = HTMLTestRunner.HTMLTestRunner(
 23                 stream=fp,
 24                 title='My unit test',
 25                 description='This demonstrates the report output by HTMLTestRunner.'
 26                 )
 27 
 28     # Use an external stylesheet.
 29     # See the Template_mixin class for more customizable options
 30     runner.STYLESHEET_TMPL = '<link rel="stylesheet" href="my_stylesheet.css" type="text/css">'
 31 
 32     # run the test
 33     runner.run(my_test_suite)
 34 
 35 
 36 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 37 Copyright (c) 2004-2007, Wai Yip Tung
 38 All rights reserved.
 39 
 40 Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 41 modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
 42 met:
 43 
 44 * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
 45   this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 46 * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 47   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 48   documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 49 * Neither the name Wai Yip Tung nor the names of its contributors may be
 50   used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 51   specific prior written permission.
 52 
 53 THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS
 54 IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
 55 TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
 56 PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER
 57 OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL,
 58 EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
 59 PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
 60 PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF
 61 LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
 62 NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
 63 SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 64 """
 65 
 66 # URL: http://tungwaiyip.info/software/HTMLTestRunner.html
 67 
 68 __author__ = "Wai Yip Tung"
 69 __version__ = "0.9.1"
 70 
 71 """
 72 Change History
 73 Version 0.9.1
 74 * 用Echarts添加执行情况统计图 (灰蓝)
 75 
 76 Version 0.9.0
 77 * 改成Python 3.x (灰蓝)
 78 
 79 Version 0.8.3
 80 * 使用 Bootstrap稍加美化 (灰蓝)
 81 * 改为中文 (灰蓝)
 82 
 83 Version 0.8.2
 84 * Show output inline instead of popup window (Viorel Lupu).
 85 
 86 Version in 0.8.1
 87 * Validated XHTML (Wolfgang Borgert).
 88 * Added description of test classes and test cases.
 89 
 90 Version in 0.8.0
 91 * Define Template_mixin class for customization.
 92 * Workaround a IE 6 bug that it does not treat <script> block as CDATA.
 93 
 94 Version in 0.7.1
 95 * Back port to Python 2.3 (Frank Horowitz).
 96 * Fix missing scroll bars in detail log (Podi).
 97 """
 98 
 99 # TODO: color stderr
100 # TODO: simplify javascript using ,ore than 1 class in the class attribute?
101 
102 import datetime
103 import sys
104 import io
105 import time
106 import unittest
107 from xml.sax import saxutils
108 
109 
110 # ------------------------------------------------------------------------
111 # The redirectors below are used to capture output during testing. Output
112 # sent to sys.stdout and sys.stderr are automatically captured. However
113 # in some cases sys.stdout is already cached before HTMLTestRunner is
114 # invoked (e.g. calling logging.basicConfig). In order to capture those
115 # output, use the redirectors for the cached stream.
116 #
117 # e.g.
118 #   >>> logging.basicConfig(stream=HTMLTestRunner.stdout_redirector)
119 #   >>>
120 
121 class OutputRedirector(object):
122     """ Wrapper to redirect stdout or stderr """
123     def __init__(self, fp):
124         self.fp = fp
125 
126     def write(self, s):
127         self.fp.write(s)
128 
129     def writelines(self, lines):
130         self.fp.writelines(lines)
131 
132     def flush(self):
133         self.fp.flush()
134 
135 stdout_redirector = OutputRedirector(sys.stdout)
136 stderr_redirector = OutputRedirector(sys.stderr)
137 
138 
139 # ----------------------------------------------------------------------
140 # Template
141 
142 
143 class Template_mixin(object):
144     """
145     Define a HTML template for report customerization and generation.
146 
147     Overall structure of an HTML report
148 
149     HTML
150     +------------------------+
151     |<html>                  |
152     |  <head>                |
153     |                        |
154     |   STYLESHEET           |
155     |   +----------------+   |
156     |   |                |   |
157     |   +----------------+   |
158     |                        |
159     |  </head>               |
160     |                        |
161     |  <body>                |
162     |                        |
163     |   HEADING              |
164     |   +----------------+   |
165     |   |                |   |
166     |   +----------------+   |
167     |                        |
168     |   REPORT               |
169     |   +----------------+   |
170     |   |                |   |
171     |   +----------------+   |
172     |                        |
173     |   ENDING               |
174     |   +----------------+   |
175     |   |                |   |
176     |   +----------------+   |
177     |                        |
178     |  </body>               |
179     |</html>                 |
180     +------------------------+
181     """
182 
183     STATUS = {
184         0: u'通过',
185         1: u'失败',
186         2: u'错误',
187     }
188 
189     DEFAULT_TITLE = 'Unit Test Report'
190     DEFAULT_DESCRIPTION = ''
191 
192     # ------------------------------------------------------------------------
193     # HTML Template
194 
195     HTML_TMPL = r"""<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
196 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
197 <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
198 <head>
199     <title>%(title)s</title>
200     <meta name="generator" content="%(generator)s"/>
201     <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8"/>
202     
203     <link href="http://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.0/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
204     <script src="https://cdn.bootcss.com/echarts/3.8.5/echarts.common.min.js"></script>
205     <!-- <script type="text/javascript" src="js/echarts.common.min.js"></script> -->
206     
207     %(stylesheet)s
208     
209 </head>
210 <body>
211     <script language="javascript" type="text/javascript"><!--
212     output_list = Array();
213 
214     /* level - 0:Summary; 1:Failed; 2:All */
215     function showCase(level) {
216         trs = document.getElementsByTagName("tr");
217         for (var i = 0; i < trs.length; i++) {
218             tr = trs[i];
219             id = tr.id;
220             if (id.substr(0,2) == 'ft') {
221                 if (level < 1) {
222                     tr.className = 'hiddenRow';
223                 }
224                 else {
225                     tr.className = '';
226                 }
227             }
228             if (id.substr(0,2) == 'pt') {
229                 if (level > 1) {
230                     tr.className = '';
231                 }
232                 else {
233                     tr.className = 'hiddenRow';
234                 }
235             }
236         }
237     }
238 
239 
240     function showClassDetail(cid, count) {
241         var id_list = Array(count);
242         var toHide = 1;
243         for (var i = 0; i < count; i++) {
244             tid0 = 't' + cid.substr(1) + '.' + (i+1);
245             tid = 'f' + tid0;
246             tr = document.getElementById(tid);
247             if (!tr) {
248                 tid = 'p' + tid0;
249                 tr = document.getElementById(tid);
250             }
251             id_list[i] = tid;
252             if (tr.className) {
253                 toHide = 0;
254             }
255         }
256         for (var i = 0; i < count; i++) {
257             tid = id_list[i];
258             if (toHide) {
259                 document.getElementById('div_'+tid).style.display = 'none'
260                 document.getElementById(tid).className = 'hiddenRow';
261             }
262             else {
263                 document.getElementById(tid).className = '';
264             }
265         }
266     }
267 
268 
269     function showTestDetail(div_id){
270         var details_div = document.getElementById(div_id)
271         var displayState = details_div.style.display
272         // alert(displayState)
273         if (displayState != 'block' ) {
274             displayState = 'block'
275             details_div.style.display = 'block'
276         }
277         else {
278             details_div.style.display = 'none'
279         }
280     }
281 
282 
283     function html_escape(s) {
284         s = s.replace(/&/g,'&amp;');
285         s = s.replace(/</g,'&lt;');
286         s = s.replace(/>/g,'&gt;');
287         return s;
288     }
289 
290     /* obsoleted by detail in <div>
291     function showOutput(id, name) {
292         var w = window.open("", //url
293                         name,
294                         "resizable,scrollbars,status,width=800,height=450");
295         d = w.document;
296         d.write("<pre>");
297         d.write(html_escape(output_list[id]));
298         d.write("\n");
299         d.write("<a href='javascript:window.close()'>close</a>\n");
300         d.write("</pre>\n");
301         d.close();
302     }
303     */
304     --></script>
305 
306     <div id="div_base">
307         %(heading)s
308         %(report)s
309         %(ending)s
310         %(chart_script)s
311     </div>
312 </body>
313 </html>
314 """  # variables: (title, generator, stylesheet, heading, report, ending, chart_script)
315 
316     ECHARTS_SCRIPT = """
317     <script type="text/javascript">
318         // 基于准备好的dom,初始化echarts实例
319         var myChart = echarts.init(document.getElementById('chart'));
320 
321         // 指定图表的配置项和数据
322         var option = {
323             title : {
324                 text: '测试执行情况',
325                 x:'center'
326             },
327             tooltip : {
328                 trigger: 'item',
329                 formatter: "{a} <br/>{b} : {c} ({d}%%)"
330             },
331             color: ['#95b75d', 'grey', '#b64645'],
332             legend: {
333                 orient: 'vertical',
334                 left: 'left',
335                 data: ['通过','失败','错误']
336             },
337             series : [
338                 {
339                     name: '测试执行情况',
340                     type: 'pie',
341                     radius : '60%%',
342                     center: ['50%%', '60%%'],
343                     data:[
344                         {value:%(Pass)s, name:'通过'},
345                         {value:%(fail)s, name:'失败'},
346                         {value:%(error)s, name:'错误'}
347                     ],
348                     itemStyle: {
349                         emphasis: {
350                             shadowBlur: 10,
351                             shadowOffsetX: 0,
352                             shadowColor: 'rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5)'
353                         }
354                     }
355                 }
356             ]
357         };
358 
359         // 使用刚指定的配置项和数据显示图表。
360         myChart.setOption(option);
361     </script>
362     """  # variables: (Pass, fail, error)
363 
364     # ------------------------------------------------------------------------
365     # Stylesheet
366     #
367     # alternatively use a <link> for external style sheet, e.g.
368     #   <link rel="stylesheet" href="$url" type="text/css">
369 
370     STYLESHEET_TMPL = """
371 <style type="text/css" media="screen">
372     body        { font-family: Microsoft YaHei,Consolas,arial,sans-serif; font-size: 80%; }
373     table       { font-size: 100%; }
374     pre         { white-space: pre-wrap;word-wrap: break-word; }
375 
376     /* -- heading ---------------------------------------------------------------------- */
377     h1 {
378         font-size: 16pt;
379         color: gray;
380     }
381     .heading {
382         margin-top: 0ex;
383         margin-bottom: 1ex;
384     }
385 
386     .heading .attribute {
387         margin-top: 1ex;
388         margin-bottom: 0;
389     }
390 
391     .heading .description {
392         margin-top: 2ex;
393         margin-bottom: 3ex;
394     }
395 
396     /* -- css div popup ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
397     a.popup_link {
398     }
399 
400     a.popup_link:hover {
401         color: red;
402     }
403 
404     .popup_window {
405         display: none;
406         position: relative;
407         left: 0px;
408         top: 0px;
409         /*border: solid #627173 1px; */
410         padding: 10px;
411         /*background-color: #E6E6D6; */
412         font-family: "Lucida Console", "Courier New", Courier, monospace;
413         text-align: left;
414         font-size: 8pt;
415         /* width: 500px;*/
416     }
417 
418     }
419     /* -- report ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
420     #show_detail_line {
421         margin-top: 3ex;
422         margin-bottom: 1ex;
423     }
424     #result_table {
425         width: 99%;
426     }
427     #header_row {
428         font-weight: bold;
429         color: #303641;
430         background-color: #ebebeb;
431     }
432     #total_row  { font-weight: bold; }
433     .passClass  { background-color: #bdedbc; }
434     .failClass  { background-color: #ffefa4; }
435     .errorClass { background-color: #ffc9c9; }
436     .passCase   { color: #6c6; }
437     .failCase   { color: #FF6600; font-weight: bold; }
438     .errorCase  { color: #c00; font-weight: bold; }
439     .hiddenRow  { display: none; }
440     .testcase   { margin-left: 2em; }
441 
442 
443     /* -- ending ---------------------------------------------------------------------- */
444     #ending {
445     }
446 
447     #div_base {
448                 position:absolute;
449                 top:0%;
450                 left:5%;
451                 right:5%;
452                 width: auto;
453                 height: auto;
454                 margin: -15px 0 0 0;
455     }
456 </style>
457 """
458 
459     # ------------------------------------------------------------------------
460     # Heading
461     #
462 
463     HEADING_TMPL = """
464     <div class='page-header'>
465         <h1>%(title)s</h1>
466     %(parameters)s
467     </div>
468     <div style="float: left;width:50%%;"><p class='description'>%(description)s</p></div>
469     <div id="chart" style="width:50%%;height:400px;float:left;"></div>
470 """  # variables: (title, parameters, description)
471 
472     HEADING_ATTRIBUTE_TMPL = """<p class='attribute'><strong>%(name)s:</strong> %(value)s</p>
473 """  # variables: (name, value)
474 
475     # ------------------------------------------------------------------------
476     # Report
477     #
478 
479     REPORT_TMPL = u"""
480     <div class="btn-group btn-group-sm">
481         <button class="btn btn-default" onclick='javascript:showCase(0)'>总结</button>
482         <button class="btn btn-default" onclick='javascript:showCase(1)'>失败</button>
483         <button class="btn btn-default" onclick='javascript:showCase(2)'>全部</button>
484     </div>
485     <p></p>
486     <table id='result_table' class="table table-bordered">
487         <colgroup>
488             <col align='left' />
489             <col align='right' />
490             <col align='right' />
491             <col align='right' />
492             <col align='right' />
493             <col align='right' />
494         </colgroup>
495         <tr id='header_row'>
496             <td>测试套件/测试用例</td>
497             <td>总数</td>
498             <td>通过</td>
499             <td>失败</td>
500             <td>错误</td>
501             <td>查看</td>
502         </tr>
503         %(test_list)s
504         <tr id='total_row'>
505             <td>总计</td>
506             <td>%(count)s</td>
507             <td>%(Pass)s</td>
508             <td>%(fail)s</td>
509             <td>%(error)s</td>
510             <td>&nbsp;</td>
511         </tr>
512     </table>
513 """  # variables: (test_list, count, Pass, fail, error)
514 
515     REPORT_CLASS_TMPL = u"""
516     <tr class='%(style)s'>
517         <td>%(desc)s</td>
518         <td>%(count)s</td>
519         <td>%(Pass)s</td>
520         <td>%(fail)s</td>
521         <td>%(error)s</td>
522         <td><a href="javascript:showClassDetail('%(cid)s',%(count)s)">详情</a></td>
523     </tr>
524 """  # variables: (style, desc, count, Pass, fail, error, cid)
525 
526     REPORT_TEST_WITH_OUTPUT_TMPL = r"""
527 <tr id='%(tid)s' class='%(Class)s'>
528     <td class='%(style)s'><div class='testcase'>%(desc)s</div></td>
529     <td colspan='5' align='center'>
530 
531     <!--css div popup start-->
532     <a class="popup_link" onfocus='this.blur();' href="javascript:showTestDetail('div_%(tid)s')" >
533         %(status)s</a>
534 
535     <div id='div_%(tid)s' class="popup_window">
536         <pre>%(script)s</pre>
537     </div>
538     <!--css div popup end-->
539 
540     </td>
541 </tr>
542 """  # variables: (tid, Class, style, desc, status)
543 
544     REPORT_TEST_NO_OUTPUT_TMPL = r"""
545 <tr id='%(tid)s' class='%(Class)s'>
546     <td class='%(style)s'><div class='testcase'>%(desc)s</div></td>
547     <td colspan='5' align='center'>%(status)s</td>
548 </tr>
549 """  # variables: (tid, Class, style, desc, status)
550 
551     REPORT_TEST_OUTPUT_TMPL = r"""%(id)s: %(output)s"""  # variables: (id, output)
552 
553     # ------------------------------------------------------------------------
554     # ENDING
555     #
556 
557     ENDING_TMPL = """<div id='ending'>&nbsp;</div>"""
558 
559 # -------------------- The end of the Template class -------------------
560 
561 
562 TestResult = unittest.TestResult
563 
564 
565 class _TestResult(TestResult):
566     # note: _TestResult is a pure representation of results.
567     # It lacks the output and reporting ability compares to unittest._TextTestResult.
568 
569     def __init__(self, verbosity=1):
570         TestResult.__init__(self)
571         self.stdout0 = None
572         self.stderr0 = None
573         self.success_count = 0
574         self.failure_count = 0
575         self.error_count = 0
576         self.verbosity = verbosity
577 
578         # result is a list of result in 4 tuple
579         # (
580         #   result code (0: success; 1: fail; 2: error),
581         #   TestCase object,
582         #   Test output (byte string),
583         #   stack trace,
584         # )
585         self.result = []
586         self.subtestlist = []
587 
588     def startTest(self, test):
589         TestResult.startTest(self, test)
590         # just one buffer for both stdout and stderr
591         self.outputBuffer = io.StringIO()
592         stdout_redirector.fp = self.outputBuffer
593         stderr_redirector.fp = self.outputBuffer
594         self.stdout0 = sys.stdout
595         self.stderr0 = sys.stderr
596         sys.stdout = stdout_redirector
597         sys.stderr = stderr_redirector
598 
599     def complete_output(self):
600         """
601         Disconnect output redirection and return buffer.
602         Safe to call multiple times.
603         """
604         if self.stdout0:
605             sys.stdout = self.stdout0
606             sys.stderr = self.stderr0
607             self.stdout0 = None
608             self.stderr0 = None
609         return self.outputBuffer.getvalue()
610 
611     def stopTest(self, test):
612         # Usually one of addSuccess, addError or addFailure would have been called.
613         # But there are some path in unittest that would bypass this.
614         # We must disconnect stdout in stopTest(), which is guaranteed to be called.
615         self.complete_output()
616 
617     def addSuccess(self, test):
618         if test not in self.subtestlist:
619             self.success_count += 1
620             TestResult.addSuccess(self, test)
621             output = self.complete_output()
622             self.result.append((0, test, output, ''))
623             if self.verbosity > 1:
624                 sys.stderr.write('ok ')
625                 sys.stderr.write(str(test))
626                 sys.stderr.write('\n')
627             else:
628                 sys.stderr.write('.')
629 
630     def addError(self, test, err):
631         self.error_count += 1
632         TestResult.addError(self, test, err)
633         _, _exc_str = self.errors[-1]
634         output = self.complete_output()
635         self.result.append((2, test, output, _exc_str))
636         if self.verbosity > 1:
637             sys.stderr.write('E  ')
638             sys.stderr.write(str(test))
639             sys.stderr.write('\n')
640         else:
641             sys.stderr.write('E')
642 
643     def addFailure(self, test, err):
644         self.failure_count += 1
645         TestResult.addFailure(self, test, err)
646         _, _exc_str = self.failures[-1]
647         output = self.complete_output()
648         self.result.append((1, test, output, _exc_str))
649         if self.verbosity > 1:
650             sys.stderr.write('F  ')
651             sys.stderr.write(str(test))
652             sys.stderr.write('\n')
653         else:
654             sys.stderr.write('F')
655 
656     def addSubTest(self, test, subtest, err):
657         if err is not None:
658             if getattr(self, 'failfast', False):
659                 self.stop()
660             if issubclass(err[0], test.failureException):
661                 self.failure_count += 1
662                 errors = self.failures
663                 errors.append((subtest, self._exc_info_to_string(err, subtest)))
664                 output = self.complete_output()
665                 self.result.append((1, test, output + '\nSubTestCase Failed:\n' + str(subtest),
666                                     self._exc_info_to_string(err, subtest)))
667                 if self.verbosity > 1:
668                     sys.stderr.write('F  ')
669                     sys.stderr.write(str(subtest))
670                     sys.stderr.write('\n')
671                 else:
672                     sys.stderr.write('F')
673             else:
674                 self.error_count += 1
675                 errors = self.errors
676                 errors.append((subtest, self._exc_info_to_string(err, subtest)))
677                 output = self.complete_output()
678                 self.result.append(
679                     (2, test, output + '\nSubTestCase Error:\n' + str(subtest), self._exc_info_to_string(err, subtest)))
680                 if self.verbosity > 1:
681                     sys.stderr.write('E  ')
682                     sys.stderr.write(str(subtest))
683                     sys.stderr.write('\n')
684                 else:
685                     sys.stderr.write('E')
686             self._mirrorOutput = True
687         else:
688             self.subtestlist.append(subtest)
689             self.subtestlist.append(test)
690             self.success_count += 1
691             output = self.complete_output()
692             self.result.append((0, test, output + '\nSubTestCase Pass:\n' + str(subtest), ''))
693             if self.verbosity > 1:
694                 sys.stderr.write('ok ')
695                 sys.stderr.write(str(subtest))
696                 sys.stderr.write('\n')
697             else:
698                 sys.stderr.write('.')
699 
700 
701 class HTMLTestRunner(Template_mixin):
702 
703     def __init__(self, stream=sys.stdout, verbosity=1, title=None, description=None):
704         self.stream = stream
705         self.verbosity = verbosity
706         if title is None:
707             self.title = self.DEFAULT_TITLE
708         else:
709             self.title = title
710         if description is None:
711             self.description = self.DEFAULT_DESCRIPTION
712         else:
713             self.description = description
714 
715         self.startTime = datetime.datetime.now()
716 
717     def run(self, test):
718         "Run the given test case or test suite."
719         result = _TestResult(self.verbosity)
720         test(result)
721         self.stopTime = datetime.datetime.now()
722         self.generateReport(test, result)
723         print('\nTime Elapsed: %s' % (self.stopTime-self.startTime), file=sys.stderr)
724         return result
725 
726     def sortResult(self, result_list):
727         # unittest does not seems to run in any particular order.
728         # Here at least we want to group them together by class.
729         rmap = {}
730         classes = []
731         for n,t,o,e in result_list:
732             cls = t.__class__
733             if cls not in rmap:
734                 rmap[cls] = []
735                 classes.append(cls)
736             rmap[cls].append((n,t,o,e))
737         r = [(cls, rmap[cls]) for cls in classes]
738         return r
739 
740     def getReportAttributes(self, result):
741         """
742         Return report attributes as a list of (name, value).
743         Override this to add custom attributes.
744         """
745         startTime = str(self.startTime)[:19]
746         duration = str(self.stopTime - self.startTime)
747         status = []
748         if result.success_count: status.append(u'通过 %s' % result.success_count)
749         if result.failure_count: status.append(u'失败 %s' % result.failure_count)
750         if result.error_count:   status.append(u'错误 %s' % result.error_count  )
751         if status:
752             status = ' '.join(status)
753         else:
754             status = 'none'
755         return [
756             (u'开始时间', startTime),
757             (u'运行时长', duration),
758             (u'状态', status),
759         ]
760 
761     def generateReport(self, test, result):
762         report_attrs = self.getReportAttributes(result)
763         generator = 'HTMLTestRunner %s' % __version__
764         stylesheet = self._generate_stylesheet()
765         heading = self._generate_heading(report_attrs)
766         report = self._generate_report(result)
767         ending = self._generate_ending()
768         chart = self._generate_chart(result)
769         output = self.HTML_TMPL % dict(
770             title = saxutils.escape(self.title),
771             generator = generator,
772             stylesheet = stylesheet,
773             heading = heading,
774             report = report,
775             ending = ending,
776             chart_script = chart
777         )
778         self.stream.write(output.encode('utf8'))
779 
780     def _generate_stylesheet(self):
781         return self.STYLESHEET_TMPL
782 
783     def _generate_heading(self, report_attrs):
784         a_lines = []
785         for name, value in report_attrs:
786             line = self.HEADING_ATTRIBUTE_TMPL % dict(
787                 name = saxutils.escape(name),
788                 value = saxutils.escape(value),
789             )
790             a_lines.append(line)
791         heading = self.HEADING_TMPL % dict(
792             title = saxutils.escape(self.title),
793             parameters = ''.join(a_lines),
794             description = saxutils.escape(self.description),
795         )
796         return heading
797 
798     def _generate_report(self, result):
799         rows = []
800         sortedResult = self.sortResult(result.result)
801         for cid, (cls, cls_results) in enumerate(sortedResult):
802             # subtotal for a class
803             np = nf = ne = 0
804             for n,t,o,e in cls_results:
805                 if n == 0: np += 1
806                 elif n == 1: nf += 1
807                 else: ne += 1
808 
809             # format class description
810             if cls.__module__ == "__main__":
811                 name = cls.__name__
812             else:
813                 name = "%s.%s" % (cls.__module__, cls.__name__)
814             doc = cls.__doc__ and cls.__doc__.split("\n")[0] or ""
815             desc = doc and '%s: %s' % (name, doc) or name
816 
817             row = self.REPORT_CLASS_TMPL % dict(
818                 style = ne > 0 and 'errorClass' or nf > 0 and 'failClass' or 'passClass',
819                 desc = desc,
820                 count = np+nf+ne,
821                 Pass = np,
822                 fail = nf,
823                 error = ne,
824                 cid = 'c%s' % (cid+1),
825             )
826             rows.append(row)
827 
828             for tid, (n,t,o,e) in enumerate(cls_results):
829                 self._generate_report_test(rows, cid, tid, n, t, o, e)
830 
831         report = self.REPORT_TMPL % dict(
832             test_list = ''.join(rows),
833             count = str(result.success_count+result.failure_count+result.error_count),
834             Pass = str(result.success_count),
835             fail = str(result.failure_count),
836             error = str(result.error_count),
837         )
838         return report
839 
840     def _generate_chart(self, result):
841         chart = self.ECHARTS_SCRIPT % dict(
842             Pass=str(result.success_count),
843             fail=str(result.failure_count),
844             error=str(result.error_count),
845         )
846         return chart
847 
848     def _generate_report_test(self, rows, cid, tid, n, t, o, e):
849         # e.g. 'pt1.1', 'ft1.1', etc
850         has_output = bool(o or e)
851         tid = (n == 0 and 'p' or 'f') + 't%s.%s' % (cid+1,tid+1)
852         name = t.id().split('.')[-1]
853         doc = t.shortDescription() or ""
854         desc = doc and ('%s: %s' % (name, doc)) or name
855         tmpl = has_output and self.REPORT_TEST_WITH_OUTPUT_TMPL or self.REPORT_TEST_NO_OUTPUT_TMPL
856 
857         script = self.REPORT_TEST_OUTPUT_TMPL % dict(
858             id=tid,
859             output=saxutils.escape(o+e),
860         )
861 
862         row = tmpl % dict(
863             tid=tid,
864             Class=(n == 0 and 'hiddenRow' or 'none'),
865             style=(n == 2 and 'errorCase' or (n == 1 and 'failCase' or 'none')),
866             desc=desc,
867             script=script,
868             status=self.STATUS[n],
869         )
870         rows.append(row)
871         if not has_output:
872             return
873 
874     def _generate_ending(self):
875         return self.ENDING_TMPL
876 
877 
878 ##############################################################################
879 # Facilities for running tests from the command line
880 ##############################################################################
881 
882 # Note: Reuse unittest.TestProgram to launch test. In the future we may
883 # build our own launcher to support more specific command line
884 # parameters like test title, CSS, etc.
885 class TestProgram(unittest.TestProgram):
886     """
887     A variation of the unittest.TestProgram. Please refer to the base
888     class for command line parameters.
889     """
890     def runTests(self):
891         # Pick HTMLTestRunner as the default test runner.
892         # base class's testRunner parameter is not useful because it means
893         # we have to instantiate HTMLTestRunner before we know self.verbosity.
894         if self.testRunner is None:
895             self.testRunner = HTMLTestRunner(verbosity=self.verbosity)
896         unittest.TestProgram.runTests(self)
897 
898 main = TestProgram
899 
900 ##############################################################################
901 # Executing this module from the command line
902 ##############################################################################
903 
904 if __name__ == "__main__":
905     main(module=None)
View Code

 

发送到邮箱邮件

 1 # -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
 2 import smtplib
 3 import zipfile
 4 from email.mime.text import MIMEText  #发送纯文本信息
 5 from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart  #发送带附件的信息
 6 from email.header import Header  #导入配置库
 7 from config.config import basedir
 8 import sys
 9 from config import config
10 import os
11 
12 # 1、压缩文件
13 def cr_zip(outputName, inputPath):
14     # 将inputPath路径下的文件压缩成名字为outputName的文件,放到outputpath目录下
15 
16     outputpath = inputPath + outputName
17     filelist = []
18     isfp = os.path.basename(inputPath)
19     if isfp:
20         print('%s is not path' % inputPath)
21         sys.exit(0)
22     else:
23         for root, subdirs, files in os.walk(inputPath):
24             for file in files:
25                 filelist.append(os.path.join(root, file))
26 
27     # 参数1,压缩后的文件夹路径加名字(如果只加name的话,会压缩到调用这个方法的时候的文件路径下);
28     # 参数2,'r' -----  打开一个存在的只读ZIP文件'w' -----  清空并打开一个只写的zip文件,或创建一个只写的ZIP文件'a' -----  表示打开一个文件,并添加内容
29     # 参数3,压缩格式 ,可选的压缩格式只有2个:ZIP_STORE、ZIP_DEFLATED。ZIP_STORE是默认的,表示不压缩。ZIP_DEFLATED表示压缩
30     zf = zipfile.ZipFile(outputpath, 'w', zipfile.ZIP_DEFLATED)
31     for f in filelist:
32         zf.write(f)
33     zf.close()
34 
35 # 2、发送邮件
36 def send_mail_report(title):
37     """1、获取测试报告邮件服务器、发件人、收件人、发件人账号密码等信息"""
38     sender = config.sender   #发件人
39     receiver = config.receiver  #收件人
40     #第三方SMTP服务
41     server = config.server   #设置服务器
42     username = config.emailusername  #用户名
43     password = config.emailpassword  #口令
44     port = config.smtp_server_port
45 
46     """2、获取最新测试报告"""
47     reportPath=config.basedir+"/report/"
48     newReport = ""
49     for root, subdirs, files in os.walk(reportPath):
50         for file in files:
51             if os.path.splitext(file)[1] == ".html":  # 判断该目录下的文件扩展名是否为html
52                 newReport=file
53 
54     """2.1调用cr_zip()方法,将测试报告压缩一下。"""
55     cr_zip('TestReport.zip', basedir + '/report/')
56 
57     """3、生成邮件的内容"""
58     msg = MIMEMultipart()      #MIMEMultipart(),创建一个带附件的实例
59     msg["subject"] = title      #"""邮件需要三个头部信息: From, To, 和 Subject"""
60     msg["from"] = Header(config.sender,'utf-8')
61     msg["to"] = Header(",".join(config.receiver),'utf-8')
62     with open(os.path.join(reportPath,newReport), 'rb') as f:
63         mailbody = f.read()
64     html = MIMEText(mailbody, _subtype='html', _charset='utf-8')
65     msg.attach(html)
66 
67     """4、将测试报告压缩文件添加到邮件附件"""
68 
69     att = MIMEText(open(basedir + '/report/' + 'TestReport.zip', 'rb').read(), 'base64', 'utf-8')
70     att["Content-Type"] = 'application/octet-stream'   #application/octet-stream : 二进制流数据(如常见的文件下载)
71     att.add_header("Content-Disposition", "attachment", filename="TestReport.zip")  #filename为附件名
72     msg.attach(att)
73 
74     """5、发送邮件"""
75     """5、发送邮件"""
76     try:
77         s = smtplib.SMTP(server, port)  # port=25 为 SMTP 端口号
78         s.ehlo()  # 向Gamil发送SMTP 'ehlo' 命令
79         s.starttls()
80         """s.set_debuglevel(1)认证"""
81         s.login(username, password)
82         """发送邮件"""
83         s.sendmail(sender, receiver, msg.as_string())
84         s.quit()
85         print("邮件发送成功")
86     except smtplib.SMTPException as e:
87         print(e)
88         print("Error :无法发送邮件")
89 
90 
91 if __name__ =='__main__':
92     print(basedir+'/report/')
93     send_mail_report("接口测试报告")
View Code

日志文件

 1 # coding=utf-8
 2 import logging
 3 import time
 4 import os
 5 from config.config import basedir
 6 # proj_path = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(__file__))
 7 
 8 
 9 # os.path.join(a,b)注:第一个绝对路径之前的参数将被忽略
10 
11 log_path = basedir +"/log/"
12 logname = os.path.join(log_path, '{0}.log'.format(time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d--%H_%M_%S')))
13 
14 class Log:
15     def __printconsole(self, level, message):
16         """创建一个logger"""
17         logger = logging.getLogger()
18         logger.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)
19         """创建一个handler,用于写入日志文件"""
20         fh = logging.FileHandler(logname, 'a', encoding='utf-8')
21         fh.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)
22         """再创建一个handler,用于输出到控制台"""
23         ch = logging.StreamHandler()
24         ch.setLevel(logging.DEBUG)
25         """定义handler的输出格式"""
26         formatter = logging.Formatter('%(asctime)s - %(name)s - %(levelname)s - %(message)s')
27         fh.setFormatter(formatter)
28         ch.setFormatter(formatter)
29         """给logger添加handler"""
30         logger.addHandler(fh)
31         logger.addHandler(ch)
32         """记录一条日志"""
33         if level == 'info':
34             logger.info(message)
35         elif level == 'debug':
36             logger.debug(message)
37         elif level == 'warning':
38             logger.warning(message)
39         elif level == 'error':
40             logger.error(message)
41         logger.removeHandler(ch)
42         logger.removeHandler(fh)
43         """关闭打开的文件"""
44         fh.close()
45 
46     def debug(self, message):
47         self.__printconsole('debug', message)
48 
49     def info(self, message):
50         self.__printconsole('info', message)
51 
52     def warning(self, message):
53         self.__printconsole('warning', message)
54 
55     def error(self, message):
56         self.__printconsole('error', message)
57 
58 logger = Log()
View Code

 

posted @ 2020-07-23 11:53  爱笑的眼睛真美  阅读(1319)  评论(4编辑  收藏  举报