Docker3-Dockerfile创建镜像的方法(推荐docker file这种方法)

一、镜像制作的方法

  1、本地导入导出镜像

    请参考:Docker 架构原理及简单使用

导出:docker  save nginx >/tmp/nginx.tar.gz
导入:docker load </tmp/nginx.tar.gz

  2、docker commit 命令创建镜像副本

    请参考:Docker docker commit方法镜像制作

  3、docker file

     前面两种方法已经介绍过了,这里介绍docker file,生成环境推荐使用这种方法

二、docker file方法制作镜像

  1、什么是docker file

    用来全自动构建镜像文件,命名为Dockerfile

  2、Dockerfile 文件编写指令及语法

    1)指令

FROM       
MAINTAINER   
RUN       
CMD      
EXPOSE
ENV
ADD
COPY
ENTRYPOINT
VOLUME
USER
WORKDIR
ONBUILD

    2)语法

    引用了docker中文文档:http://www.docker.org.cn/dockerppt/114.html

 

1、FROM       <image>
  例子:FROM centos
  FROM指定构建镜像的基础源镜像,如果本地没有指定的镜像,则会自动从Docker的公共库pull镜像下来。
  FROM必须是Dockerfile中非注释行的第一个指令,即一个Dockerfile从FROM语句开始
  FROM可以在一个DOCKERfile中出现多次,如果有需求在一个Dockerfile中创建多个镜像
2、MAINTAINER   <name>
  例子:MAINTAINER zxg zhutoyearn@163.com
  指定创建镜像的用户
3、RUN       <"executable","parm1","param2">
  两种使用方式:
  • RUN
  • RUN  "executable", "param1", "param2"

  例子:RUN yum install wget -y

 

  每条RUN指令将在当前镜像基础上执行指定命令,并提交为新的镜像,后续的RUN都在之前RUN提交后的镜像为基础,镜像是分层的,可以通过一个镜像的任何一个历史提交点来创建,类似源码的 版本控制 。

  exec 方式会被解析为一个 JSON 数组,所以必须使用双引号而不是单引号。exec 方式不会调用一个命令 shell,所以也就不会继承相应的变量,如:

    RUN [ "echo", "$HOME" ]  #错误,这个个方法不会输出HOME变量,下面为正确方式
    RUN [ "sh", "-c", "echo", "$HOME" ]
 RUN 产生的缓存在下一次构建的适合是不会失效的,会被重用,可以使用--no-cache选择,即docker build-no-cache,如此便不会缓存


4、CMD       <"executable",>
 三种使用方式:
  • CMD  "executable","param1","param2"
  • CMD  "param1","param2"
  • CMD command param1 param2 (shell form)
 例子:CMD["nginx"] 

CMD指定在 Dockerfile 中只能使用一次,如果有多个,则只有最后一个会生效。

CMD的目的是为了在启动容器时提供一个默认的命令执行选项。如果用户启动容器时指定了运行的命令,则会覆盖掉CMD指定的命令。

CMD会在启动容器的时候执行,build 时不执行,而RUN只是在构建镜像的时候执行,后续镜像构建完成之后,启动容器就与RUN无关了,这个初学者容易弄混这个概念,这里简单注解一下。


   5、EXPOSE  <port>[<port>...]
  告诉docker服务端容器对外映射的本地端口,需要在docker run的使用使用-p或者-P选项生效

  例子:EXPOSE 80
6、ENV
  ENV <key> <value>
  ENV <key>=<value>。。。
  指定一个环节变量,会被后续RUN指令使用,并在容器运行时保留

  例子:ENV myname zxg
     ENV myhome beijing
     ENV myname="zxg" myhome=beijing
  
7、ADD
  ADD <src>...<dest>
  ADD复制本地主机文件、目录或者远程文件URLS从并且添加到容器指定路径中
  支持通过Go的正则模式匹配,具体规则可参见Go filepath.Match

  例子:ADD hom* /mydir/  #adds all files starting with ”hom“
     ADD hom?.txt /mydir/ #?is replaced with any single character
    ADD index.html /usr/share/nginx/html/index.html


  注意如下:
  • 路径必须是绝对路径,如果 不存在,会自动创建对应目录
  • 路径必须是 Dockerfile 所在路径的相对路径
  • 如果是一个目录,只会复制目录下的内容,而目录本身则不会被复制

  
8、COPY
  COPY <src>...<dest>
  COPY复制新文件或者目录并且添加到容器指定路径中,用法和ADD相同,唯一区别时不能指定远程文件URLS。
9、ENTRYPOINT
  ENTRYPOINT "executable","param1","param2"
  ENTRYPOINT command param1 param2(shell form)

    配置容器启动后执行的命令,并且不可被 docker run 提供的参数覆盖,而CMD是可以被覆盖的。如果需要覆盖,则可以使用docker run --entrypoint选项。

    每个 Dockerfile 中只能有一个ENTRYPOINT,当指定多个时,只有最后一个生效。

    Exec form ENTRYPOINT 例子

    通过ENTRYPOINT使用 exec form 方式设置稳定的默认命令和选项,而使用CMD添加默认之外经常被改动的选项。

    FROM ubuntu
    ENTRYPOINT ["top", "-b"]
    CMD ["-c"]

    通过 Dockerfile 使用ENTRYPOINT展示前台运行 Apache 服务

    FROM debian:stable
    RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y --force-yes apache2
    EXPOSE 80 443
    VOLUME ["/var/www", "/var/log/apache2", "/etc/apache2"]
    ENTRYPOINT ["/usr/sbin/apache2ctl", "-D", "FOREGROUND"]

    Shell form ENTRYPOINT 例子

    这种方式会在/bin/sh -c中执行,会忽略任何CMD或者docker run命令行选项,为了确保docker stop能够停止长时间运行ENTRYPOINT的容器,确保执行的时候使用exec选项。

    FROM ubuntu
    ENTRYPOINT exec top -b

    如果在ENTRYPOINT忘记使用exec选项,则可以使用CMD补上:

    FROM ubuntu
    ENTRYPOINT top -b
    CMD --ignored-param1 # --ignored-param2 ... --ignored-param3 ... 依此类推


10、VOLUME 
  VOLUME ["/data"]
  创建一个可以从本地主机或其他容器挂载的挂载点,后续具体介绍
11、USER
  USER daemon
  指定运行容器时的用户名或UID,后续RUN、CMD、ENTERPOINT也会使用指定用户

12、WORKDIR
 WORKDIR /path/to/workdir
  为后续的RUN、CMD、ENTRYPOINT指令配置工作目录。可以使用多个WORKDIR指令,后续命令如果参数是相对路径,则会基于之前命令指定的路径
  WORKDIR /a
  WORKDIR b
  WORKDIR c
  RUN pwd
  最终路径是/a/b/c
  WORKDIR指令可以在ENV设置变量之后调用环境变量:
  ENV DIRPATH /path
  WORKDIR $DIRPATH/$DIRNAME
  最终路径则为 /path/$DIRNAME
13、ONBUILD
  ONBUILD [INSTRUCTION]
  配置当所创建的镜像作为其他新创建镜像的基础镜像时,所执行的操作指令
  例如:Dockerfile 使用如下的内容创建了镜像image-A:
    [...]
    ONBUILD ADD . /app/src
    ONBUILD RUN /usr/local/bin/python-build --dri /app/src
    [...]
  

   3、例子examples,做一个centos安装了nginx及wget的镜像

[root@web1 docker]# vim Dockerfile
#this is docker file for centos-nginx
FROM centos
MAINTAINER zxg  <victor@docker.com>
RUN yum install wget -y
RUN rpm -ivh https://mirrors.aliyun.com/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
  N yum install nginx -y
▽DD index.html /usr/share/nginx/html/index.html
RUN echo "daemon off;">>/etc/nginx/nginx.conf
EXPOSE 80
CMD ["nginx"]
        

  4、使用build命令制作镜像

   1)build命令说明

$ docker build --help
Usage: docker build [OPTIONS] PATH | URL | -
Build a new image from the source code at PATH
  --force-rm=false     Always remove intermediate containers, even after unsuccessful builds # 移除过渡容器,即使构建失败
  --no-cache=false     Do not use cache when building the image                              # 不实用 cache        
  -q, --quiet=false    Suppress the verbose output generated by the containers               
  --rm=true            Remove intermediate containers after a successful build               # 构建成功后移除过渡层容器
  -t, --tag=""         Repository name (and optionally a tag) to be applied to the resulting image in case of success

    2)制作镜像

   docker build -t zxg/nginx1 .

   整个过程还挺长,所以折叠了,可以点开看一下

[root@web1 docker]# docker build -t zxg/nginx1  .
Sending build context to Docker daemon 3.072 kB
Step 1/9 : FROM centos
 ---> 9f38484d220f
Step 2/9 : MAINTAINER zxg  <victor@docker.com>
 ---> Using cache
 ---> 35983aa687ed
Step 3/9 : RUN yum install wget -y
 ---> Using cache
 ---> efb8205fc8d2
Step 4/9 : RUN rpm -ivh https://mirrors.aliyun.com/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
 ---> Running in 56c5812e494f

warning: /var/tmp/rpm-tmp.pS5KO3: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID 352c64e5: NOKEY
Retrieving https://mirrors.aliyun.com/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
Preparing...                          ########################################
Updating / installing...
epel-release-7-11                     ########################################
 ---> cf40357c60bb
Removing intermediate container 56c5812e494f
Step 5/9 : RUN yum install nginx -y
 ---> Running in 36ebe7b47657

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, ovl
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn
 * epel: mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * updates: mirrors.huaweicloud.com
https://hkg.mirror.rackspace.com/epel/7/x86_64/repodata/192b605ef6d0f773ad6162832c60509e1bc0817e28662ea77340078287b3b4d8-updateinfo.xml.bz2: [Errno 14] HTTPS Error 404 - Not Found
Trying other mirror.
To address this issue please refer to the below wiki article 

https://wiki.centos.org/yum-errors

If above article doesn't help to resolve this issue please use https://bugs.centos.org/.

https://mirrors.njupt.edu.cn/epel/7/x86_64/repodata/dc10637460e531277a1cd82574de2dde2637fd3a9e90cd0282e9436d3a95b91d-primary.sqlite.bz2: [Errno 14] HTTPS Error 404 - Not Found
Trying other mirror.
http://fedora.cs.nctu.edu.tw/epel/7/x86_64/repodata/dc10637460e531277a1cd82574de2dde2637fd3a9e90cd0282e9436d3a95b91d-primary.sqlite.bz2: [Errno 14] HTTP Error 404 - Not Found
Trying other mirror.
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package nginx.x86_64 1:1.12.2-3.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-all-modules = 1:1.12.2-3.el7 for package: 1:nginx-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-filesystem = 1:1.12.2-3.el7 for package: 1:nginx-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-filesystem for package: 1:nginx-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: openssl for package: 1:nginx-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libprofiler.so.0()(64bit) for package: 1:nginx-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package gperftools-libs.x86_64 0:2.6.1-1.el7 will be installed
---> Package nginx-all-modules.noarch 1:1.12.2-3.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-mod-http-geoip = 1:1.12.2-3.el7 for package: 1:nginx-all-modules-1.12.2-3.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-mod-http-image-filter = 1:1.12.2-3.el7 for package: 1:nginx-all-modules-1.12.2-3.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-mod-http-perl = 1:1.12.2-3.el7 for package: 1:nginx-all-modules-1.12.2-3.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter = 1:1.12.2-3.el7 for package: 1:nginx-all-modules-1.12.2-3.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-mod-mail = 1:1.12.2-3.el7 for package: 1:nginx-all-modules-1.12.2-3.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: nginx-mod-stream = 1:1.12.2-3.el7 for package: 1:nginx-all-modules-1.12.2-3.el7.noarch
---> Package nginx-filesystem.noarch 1:1.12.2-3.el7 will be installed
---> Package openssl.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.el7_6.1 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: openssl-libs(x86-64) = 1:1.0.2k-16.el7_6.1 for package: 1:openssl-1.0.2k-16.el7_6.1.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: make for package: 1:openssl-1.0.2k-16.el7_6.1.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package make.x86_64 1:3.82-23.el7 will be installed
---> Package nginx-mod-http-geoip.x86_64 1:1.12.2-3.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: GeoIP for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-geoip-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libGeoIP.so.1()(64bit) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-geoip-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
---> Package nginx-mod-http-image-filter.x86_64 1:1.12.2-3.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: gd for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-image-filter-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libgd.so.2()(64bit) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-image-filter-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
---> Package nginx-mod-http-perl.x86_64 1:1.12.2-3.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl >= 5.006001 for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-perl-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(:MODULE_COMPAT_5.16.3) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-perl-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Exporter) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-perl-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(XSLoader) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-perl-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(constant) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-perl-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(strict) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-perl-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(warnings) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-perl-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libperl.so()(64bit) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-perl-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
---> Package nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter.x86_64 1:1.12.2-3.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libxslt.so.1(LIBXML2_1.0.11)(64bit) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libxslt.so.1(LIBXML2_1.0.18)(64bit) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libexslt.so.0()(64bit) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libxslt.so.1()(64bit) for package: 1:nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64
---> Package nginx-mod-mail.x86_64 1:1.12.2-3.el7 will be installed
---> Package nginx-mod-stream.x86_64 1:1.12.2-3.el7 will be installed
---> Package openssl-libs.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.el7 will be updated
---> Package openssl-libs.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.el7_6.1 will be an update
--> Running transaction check
---> Package GeoIP.x86_64 0:1.5.0-13.el7 will be installed
---> Package gd.x86_64 0:2.0.35-26.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libpng15.so.15(PNG15_0)(64bit) for package: gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libjpeg.so.62(LIBJPEG_6.2)(64bit) for package: gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libpng15.so.15()(64bit) for package: gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libjpeg.so.62()(64bit) for package: gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libfreetype.so.6()(64bit) for package: gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libfontconfig.so.1()(64bit) for package: gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libXpm.so.4()(64bit) for package: gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libX11.so.6()(64bit) for package: gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64
---> Package libxslt.x86_64 0:1.1.28-5.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl.x86_64 4:5.16.3-294.el7_6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Socket) >= 1.3 for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Scalar::Util) >= 1.10 for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl-macros for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(threads::shared) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(threads) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Time::Local) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Time::HiRes) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Storable) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Socket) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Scalar::Util) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Pod::Simple::XHTML) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Pod::Simple::Search) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Getopt::Long) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Filter::Util::Call) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(File::Temp) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(File::Spec::Unix) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(File::Spec::Functions) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(File::Spec) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(File::Path) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Cwd) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Carp) for package: 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64
---> Package perl-Exporter.noarch 0:5.68-3.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-constant.noarch 0:1.27-2.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-libs.x86_64 4:5.16.3-294.el7_6 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package fontconfig.x86_64 0:2.13.0-4.3.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: fontpackages-filesystem for package: fontconfig-2.13.0-4.3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: dejavu-sans-fonts for package: fontconfig-2.13.0-4.3.el7.x86_64
---> Package freetype.x86_64 0:2.8-12.el7_6.1 will be installed
---> Package libX11.x86_64 0:1.6.5-2.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libX11-common >= 1.6.5-2.el7 for package: libX11-1.6.5-2.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libxcb.so.1()(64bit) for package: libX11-1.6.5-2.el7.x86_64
---> Package libXpm.x86_64 0:3.5.12-1.el7 will be installed
---> Package libjpeg-turbo.x86_64 0:1.2.90-6.el7 will be installed
---> Package libpng.x86_64 2:1.5.13-7.el7_2 will be installed
---> Package perl-Carp.noarch 0:1.26-244.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-File-Path.noarch 0:2.09-2.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-File-Temp.noarch 0:0.23.01-3.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-Filter.x86_64 0:1.49-3.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-Getopt-Long.noarch 0:2.40-3.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Pod::Usage) >= 1.14 for package: perl-Getopt-Long-2.40-3.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Text::ParseWords) for package: perl-Getopt-Long-2.40-3.el7.noarch
---> Package perl-PathTools.x86_64 0:3.40-5.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-Pod-Simple.noarch 1:3.28-4.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Pod::Escapes) >= 1.04 for package: 1:perl-Pod-Simple-3.28-4.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Encode) for package: 1:perl-Pod-Simple-3.28-4.el7.noarch
---> Package perl-Scalar-List-Utils.x86_64 0:1.27-248.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-Socket.x86_64 0:2.010-4.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-Storable.x86_64 0:2.45-3.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-Time-HiRes.x86_64 4:1.9725-3.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-Time-Local.noarch 0:1.2300-2.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-macros.x86_64 4:5.16.3-294.el7_6 will be installed
---> Package perl-threads.x86_64 0:1.87-4.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-threads-shared.x86_64 0:1.43-6.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package dejavu-sans-fonts.noarch 0:2.33-6.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: dejavu-fonts-common = 2.33-6.el7 for package: dejavu-sans-fonts-2.33-6.el7.noarch
---> Package fontpackages-filesystem.noarch 0:1.44-8.el7 will be installed
---> Package libX11-common.noarch 0:1.6.5-2.el7 will be installed
---> Package libxcb.x86_64 0:1.13-1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libXau.so.6()(64bit) for package: libxcb-1.13-1.el7.x86_64
---> Package perl-Encode.x86_64 0:2.51-7.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-Pod-Escapes.noarch 1:1.04-294.el7_6 will be installed
---> Package perl-Pod-Usage.noarch 0:1.63-3.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Pod::Text) >= 3.15 for package: perl-Pod-Usage-1.63-3.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl-Pod-Perldoc for package: perl-Pod-Usage-1.63-3.el7.noarch
---> Package perl-Text-ParseWords.noarch 0:3.29-4.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package dejavu-fonts-common.noarch 0:2.33-6.el7 will be installed
---> Package libXau.x86_64 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-Pod-Perldoc.noarch 0:3.20-4.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(parent) for package: perl-Pod-Perldoc-3.20-4.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(HTTP::Tiny) for package: perl-Pod-Perldoc-3.20-4.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: groff-base for package: perl-Pod-Perldoc-3.20-4.el7.noarch
---> Package perl-podlators.noarch 0:2.5.1-3.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package groff-base.x86_64 0:1.22.2-8.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-HTTP-Tiny.noarch 0:0.033-3.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-parent.noarch 1:0.225-244.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

================================================================================
 Package                       Arch     Version                 Repository
                                                                           Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 nginx                         x86_64   1:1.12.2-3.el7          epel      531 k
Installing for dependencies:
 GeoIP                         x86_64   1.5.0-13.el7            base      1.5 M
 dejavu-fonts-common           noarch   2.33-6.el7              base       64 k
 dejavu-sans-fonts             noarch   2.33-6.el7              base      1.4 M
 fontconfig                    x86_64   2.13.0-4.3.el7          base      254 k
 fontpackages-filesystem       noarch   1.44-8.el7              base      9.9 k
 freetype                      x86_64   2.8-12.el7_6.1          updates   380 k
 gd                            x86_64   2.0.35-26.el7           base      146 k
 gperftools-libs               x86_64   2.6.1-1.el7             base      272 k
 groff-base                    x86_64   1.22.2-8.el7            base      942 k
 libX11                        x86_64   1.6.5-2.el7             base      606 k
 libX11-common                 noarch   1.6.5-2.el7             base      164 k
 libXau                        x86_64   1.0.8-2.1.el7           base       29 k
 libXpm                        x86_64   3.5.12-1.el7            base       55 k
 libjpeg-turbo                 x86_64   1.2.90-6.el7            base      134 k
 libpng                        x86_64   2:1.5.13-7.el7_2        base      213 k
 libxcb                        x86_64   1.13-1.el7              base      214 k
 libxslt                       x86_64   1.1.28-5.el7            base      242 k
 make                          x86_64   1:3.82-23.el7           base      420 k
 nginx-all-modules             noarch   1:1.12.2-3.el7          epel       16 k
 nginx-filesystem              noarch   1:1.12.2-3.el7          epel       17 k
 nginx-mod-http-geoip          x86_64   1:1.12.2-3.el7          epel       23 k
 nginx-mod-http-image-filter   x86_64   1:1.12.2-3.el7          epel       27 k
 nginx-mod-http-perl           x86_64   1:1.12.2-3.el7          epel       36 k
 nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter    x86_64   1:1.12.2-3.el7          epel       26 k
 nginx-mod-mail                x86_64   1:1.12.2-3.el7          epel       54 k
 nginx-mod-stream              x86_64   1:1.12.2-3.el7          epel       76 k
 openssl                       x86_64   1:1.0.2k-16.el7_6.1     updates   493 k
 perl                          x86_64   4:5.16.3-294.el7_6      updates   8.0 M
 perl-Carp                     noarch   1.26-244.el7            base       19 k
 perl-Encode                   x86_64   2.51-7.el7              base      1.5 M
 perl-Exporter                 noarch   5.68-3.el7              base       28 k
 perl-File-Path                noarch   2.09-2.el7              base       26 k
 perl-File-Temp                noarch   0.23.01-3.el7           base       56 k
 perl-Filter                   x86_64   1.49-3.el7              base       76 k
 perl-Getopt-Long              noarch   2.40-3.el7              base       56 k
 perl-HTTP-Tiny                noarch   0.033-3.el7             base       38 k
 perl-PathTools                x86_64   3.40-5.el7              base       82 k
 perl-Pod-Escapes              noarch   1:1.04-294.el7_6        updates    51 k
 perl-Pod-Perldoc              noarch   3.20-4.el7              base       87 k
 perl-Pod-Simple               noarch   1:3.28-4.el7            base      216 k
 perl-Pod-Usage                noarch   1.63-3.el7              base       27 k
 perl-Scalar-List-Utils        x86_64   1.27-248.el7            base       36 k
 perl-Socket                   x86_64   2.010-4.el7             base       49 k
 perl-Storable                 x86_64   2.45-3.el7              base       77 k
 perl-Text-ParseWords          noarch   3.29-4.el7              base       14 k
 perl-Time-HiRes               x86_64   4:1.9725-3.el7          base       45 k
 perl-Time-Local               noarch   1.2300-2.el7            base       24 k
 perl-constant                 noarch   1.27-2.el7              base       19 k
 perl-libs                     x86_64   4:5.16.3-294.el7_6      updates   688 k
 perl-macros                   x86_64   4:5.16.3-294.el7_6      updates    44 k
 perl-parent                   noarch   1:0.225-244.el7         base       12 k
 perl-podlators                noarch   2.5.1-3.el7             base      112 k
 perl-threads                  x86_64   1.87-4.el7              base       49 k
 perl-threads-shared           x86_64   1.43-6.el7              base       39 k
Updating for dependencies:
 openssl-libs                  x86_64   1:1.0.2k-16.el7_6.1     updates   1.2 M

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install  1 Package  (+54 Dependent packages)
Upgrade             (  1 Dependent package)

Total download size: 21 M
Downloading packages:
Delta RPMs disabled because /usr/bin/applydeltarpm not installed.
warning: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/epel/packages/nginx-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID 352c64e5: NOKEY
Public key for nginx-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64.rpm is not installed
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                              868 kB/s |  21 MB  00:24     
Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-7
Importing GPG key 0x352C64E5:
 Userid     : "Fedora EPEL (7) <epel@fedoraproject.org>"
 Fingerprint: 91e9 7d7c 4a5e 96f1 7f3e 888f 6a2f aea2 352c 64e5
 Package    : epel-release-7-11.noarch (installed)
 From       : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-EPEL-7
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
Warning: RPMDB altered outside of yum.
  Updating   : 1:openssl-libs-1.0.2k-16.el7_6.1.x86_64                     1/57 
  Installing : fontpackages-filesystem-1.44-8.el7.noarch                   2/57 
  Installing : 2:libpng-1.5.13-7.el7_2.x86_64                              3/57 
  Installing : freetype-2.8-12.el7_6.1.x86_64                              4/57 
  Installing : dejavu-fonts-common-2.33-6.el7.noarch                       5/57 
  Installing : dejavu-sans-fonts-2.33-6.el7.noarch                         6/57 
  Installing : fontconfig-2.13.0-4.3.el7.x86_64                            7/57 
  Installing : 1:nginx-filesystem-1.12.2-3.el7.noarch                      8/57 
  Installing : libX11-common-1.6.5-2.el7.noarch                            9/57 
  Installing : gperftools-libs-2.6.1-1.el7.x86_64                         10/57 
  Installing : libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64                                11/57 
  Installing : libxcb-1.13-1.el7.x86_64                                   12/57 
  Installing : libX11-1.6.5-2.el7.x86_64                                  13/57 
  Installing : libXpm-3.5.12-1.el7.x86_64                                 14/57 
  Installing : libxslt-1.1.28-5.el7.x86_64                                15/57 
  Installing : groff-base-1.22.2-8.el7.x86_64                             16/57 
  Installing : 1:perl-parent-0.225-244.el7.noarch                         17/57 
  Installing : perl-HTTP-Tiny-0.033-3.el7.noarch                          18/57 
  Installing : perl-podlators-2.5.1-3.el7.noarch                          19/57 
  Installing : perl-Pod-Perldoc-3.20-4.el7.noarch                         20/57 
  Installing : 1:perl-Pod-Escapes-1.04-294.el7_6.noarch                   21/57 
  Installing : perl-Text-ParseWords-3.29-4.el7.noarch                     22/57 
  Installing : perl-Encode-2.51-7.el7.x86_64                              23/57 
  Installing : perl-Pod-Usage-1.63-3.el7.noarch                           24/57 
  Installing : 4:perl-libs-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64                        25/57 
  Installing : 4:perl-macros-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64                      26/57 
  Installing : 4:perl-Time-HiRes-1.9725-3.el7.x86_64                      27/57 
  Installing : perl-Exporter-5.68-3.el7.noarch                            28/57 
  Installing : perl-constant-1.27-2.el7.noarch                            29/57 
  Installing : perl-Time-Local-1.2300-2.el7.noarch                        30/57 
  Installing : perl-Carp-1.26-244.el7.noarch                              31/57 
  Installing : perl-Storable-2.45-3.el7.x86_64                            32/57 
  Installing : perl-PathTools-3.40-5.el7.x86_64                           33/57 
  Installing : perl-Scalar-List-Utils-1.27-248.el7.x86_64                 34/57 
  Installing : perl-File-Temp-0.23.01-3.el7.noarch                        35/57 
  Installing : perl-File-Path-2.09-2.el7.noarch                           36/57 
  Installing : perl-threads-shared-1.43-6.el7.x86_64                      37/57 
  Installing : perl-threads-1.87-4.el7.x86_64                             38/57 
  Installing : perl-Filter-1.49-3.el7.x86_64                              39/57 
  Installing : perl-Socket-2.010-4.el7.x86_64                             40/57 
  Installing : 1:perl-Pod-Simple-3.28-4.el7.noarch                        41/57 
  Installing : perl-Getopt-Long-2.40-3.el7.noarch                         42/57 
  Installing : 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64                             43/57 
  Installing : GeoIP-1.5.0-13.el7.x86_64                                  44/57 
  Installing : libjpeg-turbo-1.2.90-6.el7.x86_64                          45/57 
  Installing : gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64                                    46/57 
  Installing : 1:make-3.82-23.el7.x86_64                                  47/57 
  Installing : 1:openssl-1.0.2k-16.el7_6.1.x86_64                         48/57 
  Installing : 1:nginx-mod-http-image-filter-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64          49/57 
  Installing : 1:nginx-mod-mail-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64                       50/57 
  Installing : 1:nginx-mod-stream-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64                     51/57 
  Installing : 1:nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64           52/57 
  Installing : 1:nginx-mod-http-perl-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64                  53/57 
  Installing : 1:nginx-mod-http-geoip-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64                 54/57 
  Installing : 1:nginx-all-modules-1.12.2-3.el7.noarch                    55/57 
  Installing : 1:nginx-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64                                56/57 
  Cleanup    : 1:openssl-libs-1.0.2k-16.el7.x86_64                        57/57 
  Verifying  : 1:nginx-all-modules-1.12.2-3.el7.noarch                     1/57 
  Verifying  : fontconfig-2.13.0-4.3.el7.x86_64                            2/57 
  Verifying  : perl-HTTP-Tiny-0.033-3.el7.noarch                           3/57 
  Verifying  : 1:nginx-mod-http-image-filter-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64           4/57 
  Verifying  : perl-threads-shared-1.43-6.el7.x86_64                       5/57 
  Verifying  : 4:perl-Time-HiRes-1.9725-3.el7.x86_64                       6/57 
  Verifying  : 1:perl-Pod-Escapes-1.04-294.el7_6.noarch                    7/57 
  Verifying  : 1:make-3.82-23.el7.x86_64                                   8/57 
  Verifying  : perl-Exporter-5.68-3.el7.noarch                             9/57 
  Verifying  : perl-constant-1.27-2.el7.noarch                            10/57 
  Verifying  : perl-PathTools-3.40-5.el7.x86_64                           11/57 
  Verifying  : 1:nginx-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64                                12/57 
  Verifying  : 2:libpng-1.5.13-7.el7_2.x86_64                             13/57 
  Verifying  : 1:nginx-mod-mail-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64                       14/57 
  Verifying  : 1:nginx-mod-stream-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64                     15/57 
  Verifying  : dejavu-fonts-common-2.33-6.el7.noarch                      16/57 
  Verifying  : fontpackages-filesystem-1.44-8.el7.noarch                  17/57 
  Verifying  : libjpeg-turbo-1.2.90-6.el7.x86_64                          18/57 
  Verifying  : 1:perl-parent-0.225-244.el7.noarch                         19/57 
  Verifying  : 1:nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64           20/57 
  Verifying  : GeoIP-1.5.0-13.el7.x86_64                                  21/57 
  Verifying  : 4:perl-libs-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64                        22/57 
  Verifying  : groff-base-1.22.2-8.el7.x86_64                             23/57 
  Verifying  : perl-File-Temp-0.23.01-3.el7.noarch                        24/57 
  Verifying  : 1:perl-Pod-Simple-3.28-4.el7.noarch                        25/57 
  Verifying  : perl-Getopt-Long-2.40-3.el7.noarch                         26/57 
  Verifying  : perl-Time-Local-1.2300-2.el7.noarch                        27/57 
  Verifying  : libxcb-1.13-1.el7.x86_64                                   28/57 
  Verifying  : 4:perl-macros-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64                      29/57 
  Verifying  : 4:perl-5.16.3-294.el7_6.x86_64                             30/57 
  Verifying  : libXpm-3.5.12-1.el7.x86_64                                 31/57 
  Verifying  : 1:nginx-mod-http-perl-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64                  32/57 
  Verifying  : 1:openssl-1.0.2k-16.el7_6.1.x86_64                         33/57 
  Verifying  : perl-Carp-1.26-244.el7.noarch                              34/57 
  Verifying  : libxslt-1.1.28-5.el7.x86_64                                35/57 
  Verifying  : libX11-1.6.5-2.el7.x86_64                                  36/57 
  Verifying  : perl-Storable-2.45-3.el7.x86_64                            37/57 
  Verifying  : dejavu-sans-fonts-2.33-6.el7.noarch                        38/57 
  Verifying  : perl-Scalar-List-Utils-1.27-248.el7.x86_64                 39/57 
  Verifying  : gd-2.0.35-26.el7.x86_64                                    40/57 
  Verifying  : 1:nginx-mod-http-geoip-1.12.2-3.el7.x86_64                 41/57 
  Verifying  : perl-Pod-Usage-1.63-3.el7.noarch                           42/57 
  Verifying  : perl-Encode-2.51-7.el7.x86_64                              43/57 
  Verifying  : perl-Pod-Perldoc-3.20-4.el7.noarch                         44/57 
  Verifying  : perl-podlators-2.5.1-3.el7.noarch                          45/57 
  Verifying  : libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64                                46/57 
  Verifying  : perl-File-Path-2.09-2.el7.noarch                           47/57 
  Verifying  : perl-threads-1.87-4.el7.x86_64                             48/57 
  Verifying  : gperftools-libs-2.6.1-1.el7.x86_64                         49/57 
  Verifying  : libX11-common-1.6.5-2.el7.noarch                           50/57 
  Verifying  : perl-Filter-1.49-3.el7.x86_64                              51/57 
  Verifying  : freetype-2.8-12.el7_6.1.x86_64                             52/57 
  Verifying  : perl-Text-ParseWords-3.29-4.el7.noarch                     53/57 
  Verifying  : perl-Socket-2.010-4.el7.x86_64                             54/57 
  Verifying  : 1:nginx-filesystem-1.12.2-3.el7.noarch                     55/57 
  Verifying  : 1:openssl-libs-1.0.2k-16.el7_6.1.x86_64                    56/57 
  Verifying  : 1:openssl-libs-1.0.2k-16.el7.x86_64                        57/57 

Installed:
  nginx.x86_64 1:1.12.2-3.el7                                                   

Dependency Installed:
  GeoIP.x86_64 0:1.5.0-13.el7                                                   
  dejavu-fonts-common.noarch 0:2.33-6.el7                                       
  dejavu-sans-fonts.noarch 0:2.33-6.el7                                         
  fontconfig.x86_64 0:2.13.0-4.3.el7                                            
  fontpackages-filesystem.noarch 0:1.44-8.el7                                   
  freetype.x86_64 0:2.8-12.el7_6.1                                              
  gd.x86_64 0:2.0.35-26.el7                                                     
  gperftools-libs.x86_64 0:2.6.1-1.el7                                          
  groff-base.x86_64 0:1.22.2-8.el7                                              
  libX11.x86_64 0:1.6.5-2.el7                                                   
  libX11-common.noarch 0:1.6.5-2.el7                                            
  libXau.x86_64 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7                                                 
  libXpm.x86_64 0:3.5.12-1.el7                                                  
  libjpeg-turbo.x86_64 0:1.2.90-6.el7                                           
  libpng.x86_64 2:1.5.13-7.el7_2                                                
  libxcb.x86_64 0:1.13-1.el7                                                    
  libxslt.x86_64 0:1.1.28-5.el7                                                 
  make.x86_64 1:3.82-23.el7                                                     
  nginx-all-modules.noarch 1:1.12.2-3.el7                                       
  nginx-filesystem.noarch 1:1.12.2-3.el7                                        
  nginx-mod-http-geoip.x86_64 1:1.12.2-3.el7                                    
  nginx-mod-http-image-filter.x86_64 1:1.12.2-3.el7                             
  nginx-mod-http-perl.x86_64 1:1.12.2-3.el7                                     
  nginx-mod-http-xslt-filter.x86_64 1:1.12.2-3.el7                              
  nginx-mod-mail.x86_64 1:1.12.2-3.el7                                          
  nginx-mod-stream.x86_64 1:1.12.2-3.el7                                        
  openssl.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.el7_6.1                                            
  perl.x86_64 4:5.16.3-294.el7_6                                                
  perl-Carp.noarch 0:1.26-244.el7                                               
  perl-Encode.x86_64 0:2.51-7.el7                                               
  perl-Exporter.noarch 0:5.68-3.el7                                             
  perl-File-Path.noarch 0:2.09-2.el7                                            
  perl-File-Temp.noarch 0:0.23.01-3.el7                                         
  perl-Filter.x86_64 0:1.49-3.el7                                               
  perl-Getopt-Long.noarch 0:2.40-3.el7                                          
  perl-HTTP-Tiny.noarch 0:0.033-3.el7                                           
  perl-PathTools.x86_64 0:3.40-5.el7                                            
  perl-Pod-Escapes.noarch 1:1.04-294.el7_6                                      
  perl-Pod-Perldoc.noarch 0:3.20-4.el7                                          
  perl-Pod-Simple.noarch 1:3.28-4.el7                                           
  perl-Pod-Usage.noarch 0:1.63-3.el7                                            
  perl-Scalar-List-Utils.x86_64 0:1.27-248.el7                                  
  perl-Socket.x86_64 0:2.010-4.el7                                              
  perl-Storable.x86_64 0:2.45-3.el7                                             
  perl-Text-ParseWords.noarch 0:3.29-4.el7                                      
  perl-Time-HiRes.x86_64 4:1.9725-3.el7                                         
  perl-Time-Local.noarch 0:1.2300-2.el7                                         
  perl-constant.noarch 0:1.27-2.el7                                             
  perl-libs.x86_64 4:5.16.3-294.el7_6                                           
  perl-macros.x86_64 4:5.16.3-294.el7_6                                         
  perl-parent.noarch 1:0.225-244.el7                                            
  perl-podlators.noarch 0:2.5.1-3.el7                                           
  perl-threads.x86_64 0:1.87-4.el7                                              
  perl-threads-shared.x86_64 0:1.43-6.el7                                       

Dependency Updated:
  openssl-libs.x86_64 1:1.0.2k-16.el7_6.1                                       

Complete!
 ---> 996824f87698
Removing intermediate container 36ebe7b47657
Step 6/9 : ADD index.html /usr/share/nginx/html/index.html
 ---> a21387c003a7
Removing intermediate container 74dfd64941b1
Step 7/9 : RUN echo "daemon off;">>/etc/nginx/nginx.conf
 ---> Running in bd60f92d877e

 ---> 3b20cd6163a8
Removing intermediate container bd60f92d877e
Step 8/9 : EXPOSE 80
 ---> Running in 54e388a3fd21
 ---> 2aeecbaba79b
Removing intermediate container 54e388a3fd21
Step 9/9 : CMD nginx
 ---> Running in 32d4b23b050c
 ---> 3babdf3c6c6d
Removing intermediate container 32d4b23b050c
Successfully built 3babdf3c6c6d
点击查看整个过程

 

  5、验证一下,并用curl测试

[root@web1 docker]# docker run -d --name my_nginx1 zxg/nginx1 #后台运行整个容器
751a8f9dda48c034d40b8855b3dd6c7aaf785eeaa9ae404c5eb3c0271e434f50
[root@web1 docker]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND             CREATED              STATUS              PORTS               NAMES
751a8f9dda48        zxg/nginx1          "nginx"             About a minute ago   Up About a minute   80/tcp              my_nginx1
[root@web1 docker]# docker exec -it my_nginx1 bash #进入容器

[root@751a8f9dda48 /]# cat /usr/share/nginx/html/index.html   #查看文件是否添加到容器
this is docker-centos7-nginx1

[root@751a8f9dda48 /]# cat /etc/nginx/nginx.conf   
# For more information on configuration, see:
#   * Official English Documentation: http://nginx.org/en/docs/
#   * Official Russian Documentation: http://nginx.org/ru/docs/

user nginx;
worker_processes auto;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;
pid /run/nginx.pid;

# Load dynamic modules. See /usr/share/nginx/README.dynamic.
include /usr/share/nginx/modules/*.conf;

events {
    worker_connections 1024;
}

http {
    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;

    sendfile            on;
    tcp_nopush          on;
    tcp_nodelay         on;
    keepalive_timeout   65;
    types_hash_max_size 2048;

    include             /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type        application/octet-stream;

    # Load modular configuration files from the /etc/nginx/conf.d directory.
    # See http://nginx.org/en/docs/ngx_core_module.html#include
    # for more information.
    include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;

    server {
        listen       80 default_server;
        listen       [::]:80 default_server;
        server_name  _;
        root         /usr/share/nginx/html;

        # Load configuration files for the default server block.
        include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;

        location / {
        }

        error_page 404 /404.html;
            location = /40x.html {
        }

        error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
            location = /50x.html {
        }
    }

# Settings for a TLS enabled server.
#
#    server {
#        listen       443 ssl http2 default_server;
#        listen       [::]:443 ssl http2 default_server;
#        server_name  _;
#        root         /usr/share/nginx/html;
#
#        ssl_certificate "/etc/pki/nginx/server.crt";
#        ssl_certificate_key "/etc/pki/nginx/private/server.key";
#        ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m;
#        ssl_session_timeout  10m;
#        ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
#        ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
#
#        # Load configuration files for the default server block.
#        include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;
#
#        location / {
#        }
#
#        error_page 404 /404.html;
#            location = /40x.html {
#        }
#
#        error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
#            location = /50x.html {
#        }
#    }

}

daemon off;
[root@751a8f9dda48 /]# exit
exit
[root@web1 docker]# 
[root@751a8f9dda48 html]# curl 127.0.0.1
this is docker-centos7-nginx1
[root@751a8f9dda48 html]# 
[root@web1 ~]# docker inspect my_nginx1 |grep IPAddress
            "SecondaryIPAddresses": null,
            "IPAddress": "172.17.0.2",
                    "IPAddress": "172.17.0.2",
[root@web1 ~]# curl 172.17.0.2
this is docker-centos7-nginx1
[root@web1 ~]# 

 

  

转载请注明出处:https://www.cnblogs.com/zhangxingeng/p/11394374.html 

 

posted @ 2019-09-05 18:19  乐章  阅读(10709)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报