Saltstack_使用指南13_runner的job和manage与execution的saltutil

 

1. 主机规划

 

salt 版本

1 [root@salt100 ~]# salt --version
2 salt 2018.3.3 (Oxygen)
3 [root@salt100 ~]# salt-minion --version
4 salt-minion 2018.3.3 (Oxygen)

 

job 管理文档

https://docs.saltstack.com/en/latest/topics/jobs/index.html    

 

runner modules文档

Salt runners类似于Salt execution modules,但是前者是在master端执行的,后者是在minion端执行的。

1 https://docs.saltstack.com/en/latest/ref/cli/salt-run.html    
2 https://docs.saltstack.com/en/latest/ref/runners/index.html    
3 https://docs.saltstack.com/en/latest/ref/runners/all/index.html    

 

execution modules文档

1 https://docs.saltstack.com/en/latest/ref/modules/all/index.html    
2 https://docs.saltstack.com/en/latest/ref/modules/all/salt.modules.saltutil.html    

 

注意事项

修改了master或者minion的配置文件,那么必须重启对应的服务。

 

2. salt-run  jobs常用方法

1 # 返回正在活动中的jobs信息
2 salt-run jobs.active    
3 # 列出所有可检测的jobs和相关functions
4 salt-run jobs.list_jobs        
5 # 根据 jid 列出指定的job
6 salt-run jobs.list_job 20190111160734604439        
7 # 返回以前执行job的打印输出【回看当时job输出的信息】
8 salt-run jobs.lookup_jid 20190111170928354082    

 

示例信息如下

 1 [root@salt100 ~]# salt-run jobs.active
 2 20190111170928354082:
 3     ----------
 4     Arguments:
 5         - df -h && sleep 30
 6     Function:
 7         cmd.run
 8     Returned:
 9     Running:
10         |_
11           ----------
12           salt01:
13               2640
14     StartTime:
15         2019, Jan 11 17:09:28.354082
16     Target:
17         salt01
18     Target-type:
19         glob
20     User:
21         root
22 20190111170930696130:
23     ----------
24     Arguments:
25         - whoami && sleep 30
26     Function:
27         cmd.run
28     Returned:
29     Running:
30         |_
31           ----------
32           salt01:
33               2646
34     StartTime:
35         2019, Jan 11 17:09:30.696130
36     Target:
37         salt01
38     Target-type:
39         glob
40     User:
41         root
42 [root@salt100 ~]# salt-run jobs.lookup_jid 20190111170928354082  # 显示信息如下
43 salt01:
44     Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
45     /dev/sda3        18G  2.1G   16G  12% /
46     devtmpfs        901M     0  901M   0% /dev
47     tmpfs           911M   12K  911M   1% /dev/shm
48     tmpfs           911M  9.6M  902M   2% /run
49     tmpfs           911M     0  911M   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
50     /dev/sda1       197M  113M   85M  58% /boot
51     tmpfs           183M     0  183M   0% /run/user/1001

 

3. salt-run  manage常用方法

salt的常规管理功能,比如查看哪些hosts上线或下线

1 salt-run manage.list_state
2 salt-run manage.alived 
3 salt-run manage.status
4 salt-run manage.down
5 salt-run manage.up
6 salt-run manage.versions

 

4. saltutil模块

1 # 返回minion端正在执行salt 进程的数据
2 salt '*' saltutil.running 
3 # 杀掉指定 jid【jobID】进程
4 salt '*' saltutil.kill_job 20190111180228662382

 

示例信息

 1 [root@salt100 ~]# salt '*' saltutil.running
 2 salt03:
 3 salt01:
 4     |_
 5       ----------
 6       arg:
 7           - whoami && sleep 300
 8       fun:
 9           cmd.run
10       jid:
11           20190111175718092279
12       pid:
13           2825
14       ret:
15       tgt:
16           salt01
17       tgt_type:
18           glob
19       user:
20           root
21 salt02:
22 salt100:
23 [root@salt100 ~]# salt '*' saltutil.kill_job 20190111180228662382
24 salt03:
25 salt02:
26 salt100:
27 salt01:
28     Signal 9 sent to job 20190111180228662382 at pid 2882 

 

5. 实战应用

5.1. master执行

1 [root@salt100 master]# salt 'salt01' cmd.run 'whoami && sleep 300'  # 执行后,然后 Ctrl+C 终端
2 ^C
3 Exiting gracefully on Ctrl-c
4 This job's jid is: 20190111223139879350
5 The minions may not have all finished running and any remaining minions will return upon completion. To look up the return data for this job later, run the following command:
6 
7 salt-run jobs.lookup_jid 20190111223139879350
8 [root@salt100 master]# 
9 [root@salt100 master]# salt '*' cmd.run 'whoami && sleep 300'  # 第二次执行

 

5.2. 查看当前活动的jobs

通过如下方式查看可知,虽然之前 Ctrl + C 了,但是minion端还是在执行相应的进行。

 

5.2.1. 方式一

 1 [root@salt100 ~]# salt-run jobs.active  
 2 20190111223139879350:
 3     ----------
 4     Arguments:
 5         - whoami && sleep 300
 6     Function:
 7         cmd.run
 8     Returned:
 9     Running:
10         |_
11           ----------
12           salt01:
13               3458
14     StartTime:
15         2019, Jan 11 22:31:39.879350
16     Target:
17         salt01
18     Target-type:
19         glob
20     User:
21         root
22 20190111223234549650:
23     ----------
24     Arguments:
25         - whoami && sleep 300
26     Function:
27         cmd.run
28     Returned:
29     Running:
30         |_
31           ----------
32           salt02:
33               2840
34         |_
35           ----------
36           salt03:
37               2835
38         |_
39           ----------
40           salt100:
41               40929
42         |_
43           ----------
44           salt01:
45               3500
46     StartTime:
47         2019, Jan 11 22:32:34.549650
48     Target:
49         *
50     Target-type:
51         glob
52     User:
53         root

 

5.2.2. 方式二

 1 [root@salt100 ~]# salt '*' saltutil.running  
 2 salt100:
 3     |_
 4       ----------
 5       arg:
 6           - whoami && sleep 300
 7       fun:
 8           cmd.run
 9       jid:
10           20190111223234549650
11       pid:
12           40929
13       ret:
14       tgt:
15           *
16       tgt_type:
17           glob
18       user:
19           root
20 salt02:
21     |_
22       ----------
23       arg:
24           - whoami && sleep 300
25       fun:
26           cmd.run
27       jid:
28           20190111223234549650
29       pid:
30           2840
31       ret:
32       tgt:
33           *
34       tgt_type:
35           glob
36       user:
37           root
38 salt03:
39     |_
40       ----------
41       arg:
42           - whoami && sleep 300
43       fun:
44           cmd.run
45       jid:
46           20190111223234549650
47       pid:
48           2835
49       ret:
50       tgt:
51           *
52       tgt_type:
53           glob
54       user:
55           root
56 salt01:
57     |_
58       ----------
59       arg:
60           - whoami && sleep 300
61       fun:
62           cmd.run
63       jid:
64           20190111223139879350
65       pid:
66           3458
67       ret:
68       tgt:
69           salt01
70       tgt_type:
71           glob
72       user:
73           root
74     |_
75       ----------
76       arg:
77           - whoami && sleep 300
78       fun:
79           cmd.run
80       jid:
81           20190111223234549650
82       pid:
83           3500
84       ret:
85       tgt:
86           *
87       tgt_type:
88           glob
89       user:
90           root

 

5.3. kill 对应的salt进程

1 [root@salt100 ~]# salt '*' saltutil.kill_job 20190111223139879350 
2 salt02:
3 salt03:
4 salt100:
5 salt01:
6     Signal 9 sent to job 20190111223139879350 at pid 3458

 

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posted on 2019-05-28 20:38 踏歌行666 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏

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