posts - 66,  comments - 290,  trackbacks - 15
公告

  介绍如何在 Linux 下部署 Apache + FastCGI 的 ROR 应用。

1) 安装 ROR 环境

这里假设你的机器为干净的机器,我使用的是 ubuntu-alternate 8.04 命令行安装模式,下面的脚本适合 debian 系的发行版,理论上不兼容 RedHat 系的发行版。

为方便起见,我将安装 ROR 环境写了一个 SHELL 脚本,直接执行即可方便的安装 ROR 环境,这里使用的 RAILS 版本为 2.0.2。

请使用 sudo 前缀执行该脚本:

install_ror.sh - Copy Code
#!/bin/bash INSTALL_HOME=~/ror_installer if [ -d "$INSTALL_HOME" ]; then echo INSTALL_HOME directory \"~/ror_installer\" already exist. exit 1 fi mkdir $INSTALL_HOME pushd $INSTALL_HOME # Download files apt-get -d -y install \ ruby libruby-extras \ libyaml-ruby libzlib-ruby libiconv-ruby libxml-ruby \ libdbi-ruby \ libmysql-ruby libdbd-mysql-ruby libdbd-sqlite3-ruby \ libfcgi-ruby1.8 wget -t0 -T15 http://rubyforge.org/download.php/35283/rubygems-1.1.1.tgz wget -t0 -T15 http://rubyforge.org/download.php/29353/actionmailer-2.0.2.gem wget -t0 -T15 http://rubyforge.org/download.php/29350/actionpack-2.0.2.gem wget -t0 -T15 http://rubyforge.org/download.php/29551/activerecord-2.0.2.gem wget -t0 -T15 http://rubyforge.org/download.php/29552/activeresource-2.0.2.gem wget -t0 -T15 http://rubyforge.org/download.php/29553/activesupport-2.0.2.gem wget -t0 -T15 http://rubyforge.org/download.php/29554/rails-2.0.2.gem wget -t0 -T15 http://rubyforge.org/download.php/29751/rake-0.8.1.gem # Install ruby apt-get -y install \ ruby libruby-extras \ libyaml-ruby libzlib-ruby libiconv-ruby libxml-ruby \ libdbi-ruby \ libmysql-ruby libdbd-mysql-ruby libdbd-sqlite3-ruby \ libfcgi-ruby1.8 # Install rubygems tar xfv rubygems-1.1.1.tgz pushd rubygems-1.1.1 ruby setup.rb ln -s /usr/bin/gem1.8 /usr/bin/gem popd # Install Gem gem install rails -l --no-ri --no-rdoc # Clean popd rm -rf $INSTALL_HOME

 

2) 安装 Apache

同样是 SHELL 脚本安装,请使用 sudo 前缀执行该脚本:

install_apache2.sh - Copy Code
#!/bin/bash # Download files apt-get -d -y install apache2 libapache2-mod-fcgid # Install apache apt-get -y install apache2 libapache2-mod-fcgid ln -s /etc/apache2/mods-available/rewrite.load /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/rewrite.load

 

3) 配置 Apache

ROR 应用的 Apache 配置,在 /etc/apache2/apache2.conf 的末尾添加以下代码:

apache2.conf - Copy Code
Include /etc/apache2/httpd.conf

修改 httpd.conf 为以下内容:

httpd.conf - Copy Code
DefaultInitEnv RAILS_ENV production Alias "/redmine" "/var/www/redmine/public/" <Directory "/var/www/redmine/public/"> Options Indexes ExecCGI FollowSymLinks AllowOverride all Order Deny,Allow Allow from All </Directory> <Location /redmine/> AddHandler fcgid-script .fcgi FCGIWrapper "/usr/bin/ruby /var/www/redmine/public/dispatch.fcgi" .fcgi RewriteEngine on RewriteBase /redmine RewriteRule ^$ index.html [QSA] RewriteRule ^([^.]+)$ $1.html [QSA] RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f RewriteRule ^(.*)$ dispatch.fcgi?$1 [QSA,L] </Location>

4) 配置 ROR 应用

配置 ROR 应用,这里为方便期间,直接使用 sqlite3,ROR 程序为 redmine

请使用 sudo 前缀执行该脚本:

install_app.sh - Copy Code
#!/bin/bash INSTALL_HOME=~/install_redmine if [ -d "$INSTALL_HOME" ]; then echo INSTALL_HOME directory \"~/install_redmine\" already exist. exit 1 fi mkdir $INSTALL_HOME # Download files pushd $INSTALL_HOME wget -t0 -T15 http://rubyforge.org/download.php/36468/redmine-0.7.1.tar.gz popd # Install redmine tar xfv $INSTALL_HOME/redmine-0.7.1.tar.gz -C /var/www/ mv /var/www/redmine-0.7.1 /var/www/redmine cp /var/www/redmine/public/dispatch.fcgi.example /var/www/redmine/public/dispatch.fcgi #---- begin database.yml ---- declare -x START_NO=$LINENO; if [ 0 -eq 1 ]; then production: adapter: sqlite3 database: db/production.sqlite3 timeout: 5000 development: adapter: sqlite3 database: db/development.sqlite3 timeout: 5000 test: adapter: sqlite3 database: db/test.sqlite3 timeout: 5000 fi; declare -x END_NO=$LINENO #---- end database.yml ---- awk '{if(NR > ENVIRON["START_NO"] && NR < ENVIRON["END_NO"]) {print}}' \ $0 > /var/www/redmine/config/database.yml pushd /var/www/redmine rake db:create RAILS_ENV="production" rake db:migrate RAILS_ENV="production" # Load redmine's default data echo en > loc rake redmine:load_default_data RAILS_ENV="production" < loc rm -f log/production.log rm -f public/.htaccess popd # Clean rm -rf $INSTALL_HOME

注:如果在 Linux 下部署,并使用 SQLite3 数据库时,第一次访问 redmine 无法创建匿名用户,访问时会发生 500 错误,这是属于 redmine 的问题,要解决此问题,执行以下命令:

交互式命令 - Copy Code
sudo apt-get install sqlite3 cd /var/www/redmine/db sudo sqlite3 production.sqlite3 > INSERT INTO users ("created_on", "status", "last_login_on", "hashed_password", "language", "updated_on", "admin", "type", "firstname", "lastname", "mail", "auth_source_id", "mail_notification", "login") VALUES('2008-05-21 04:31:54', 0, NULL, '', '', '2008-05-21 04:31:54', 'f', 'AnonymousUser', '', 'Anonymous', '', NULL, 'f', ''); > .exit sudo apache2ctl restart ruby script/server -e production

最后,重启 apache2:

重启 apache2 - Copy Code
sudo apache2ctl restart

 

部署看似简单,写起脚本来可是非常费劲的,不过一劳永逸,以后想要部署可以直接参考使用了。

2008-05-21 Zealic

posted on 2008-05-21 03:18 Zealic 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏