Flink源码阅读(一)--Checkpoint触发机制

Checkpoint触发机制

  Flink的checkpoint是通过定时器周期性触发的。checkpoint触发最关键的类是CheckpointCoordinator,称它为检查点协调器。

org.apache.flink.runtime.checkpoint.CheckpointCoordinator

  CheckpointCoordinator主要作用是协调operators和state的分布式快照。它通过向相关的tasks发送触发消息和从各tasks收集确认消息(Ack)来完成checkpoint。同时,它还收集和维护各个tasks上报的状态句柄/状态引用(state handles)。

  CheckpointCoordinator主要属性:

 1     /** Coordinator-wide lock to safeguard the checkpoint updates */
 2     private final Object lock = new Object();  //Coordinator范围的锁
 3 
 4     /** Lock specially to make sure that trigger requests do not overtake each other.
 5      * This is not done with the coordinator-wide lock, because as part of triggering,
 6      * blocking operations may happen (distributed atomic counters).
 7      * Using a dedicated lock, we avoid blocking the processing of 'acknowledge/decline'
 8      * messages during that phase. */
 9     private final Object triggerLock = new Object(); //trigger requests的专用锁,避免在获取checkpointID时阻塞对消息的处理。
10 
11     /** Tasks who need to be sent a message when a checkpoint is started */
12     private final ExecutionVertex[] tasksToTrigger;
13 
14     /** Tasks who need to acknowledge a checkpoint before it succeeds */
15     private final ExecutionVertex[] tasksToWaitFor;
16 
17     /** Tasks who need to be sent a message when a checkpoint is confirmed */
18     private final ExecutionVertex[] tasksToCommitTo;
19 
20     /** Map from checkpoint ID to the pending checkpoint */
21     private final Map<Long, PendingCheckpoint> pendingCheckpoints;//待处理的checkpoint
22 
23     /** Actor that receives status updates from the execution graph this coordinator works for */
24     private JobStatusListener jobStatusListener;//Actor实例,监听Job状态变化并根据变化启停定时任务
25 
26     /** Flag whether a trigger request could not be handled immediately. Non-volatile, because only
27      * accessed in synchronized scope */
28     private boolean triggerRequestQueued;//标记一个触发请求是否不能被立即处理。
29 
30     /** Flag marking the coordinator as shut down (not accepting any messages any more) */
31     private volatile boolean shutdown;//coordinator的关闭标志

 

  ScheduledTrigger

  ScheduledTrigger是检查点定时任务类,主要是调用了triggerCheckpoint方法。

 1     private final class ScheduledTrigger implements Runnable {
 2         @Override
 3         public void run() {
 4             try {
 5                 triggerCheckpoint(System.currentTimeMillis(), true);
 6             }
 7             catch (Exception e) {
 8                 LOG.error("Exception while triggering checkpoint.", e);
 9             }
10         }
11     }

  下面具体看一下 triggerCheckpoint 方法的具体实现

1     //触发一个新的标准检查点。timestamp为触发检查点的时间戳,isPeriodic标志是否是周期性的触发
2     public boolean triggerCheckpoint(long timestamp, boolean isPeriodic) {
3         return triggerCheckpoint(timestamp, checkpointProperties, checkpointDirectory, isPeriodic).isSuccess();
4     }

  触发检查点的核心逻辑:

    首先进行触发Checkpoint之前的预检查,判断是否满足条件;

    然后获取一个CheckpointID,创建PendingCheckpoint实例;

    之后重新检查触发条件是否满足要求,防止产生竞态条件;

    最后将PendingCheckpoint实例checkpoint加入到pendingCheckpoints中,并向tasks发送消息触发它们的检查点。

  1     CheckpointTriggerResult triggerCheckpoint(
  2             long timestamp,
  3             CheckpointProperties props,
  4             String targetDirectory,
  5             boolean isPeriodic) {
  6 
  7         // Sanity check 如果检查点是存储在外部系统中且targetDirectory为空,报错
  8         if (props.externalizeCheckpoint() && targetDirectory == null) {
  9             throw new IllegalStateException("No target directory specified to persist checkpoint to.");
 10         }
 11 
 12         // make some eager pre-checks 一些checkpoint之前的预检查
 13         synchronized (lock) {
 14             // abort if the coordinator has been shutdown in the meantime
 15             if (shutdown) {
 16                 return new CheckpointTriggerResult(CheckpointDeclineReason.COORDINATOR_SHUTDOWN);
 17             }
 18 
 19             // Don't allow periodic checkpoint if scheduling has been disabled
 20             if (isPeriodic && !periodicScheduling) {
 21                 return new CheckpointTriggerResult(CheckpointDeclineReason.PERIODIC_SCHEDULER_SHUTDOWN);
 22             }
 23 
 24             // validate whether the checkpoint can be triggered, with respect to the limit of
 25             // concurrent checkpoints, and the minimum time between checkpoints.
 26             // these checks are not relevant for savepoints
 27             // 验证checkpoint是否能被触发,关于并发检查点的限制和检查点之间的最小时间。
 28             // 判断checkpoint是否被强制。强制checkpoint不受并发检查点最大数量和检查点之间最小时间的限制。
 29             if (!props.forceCheckpoint()) {
 30                 // sanity check: there should never be more than one trigger request queued
 31                 if (triggerRequestQueued) {
 32                     //如果不能被立即触发,直接返回异常
 33                     LOG.warn("Trying to trigger another checkpoint while one was queued already");
 34                     return new CheckpointTriggerResult(CheckpointDeclineReason.ALREADY_QUEUED);
 35                 }
 36 
 37                 // if too many checkpoints are currently in progress, we need to mark that a request is queued
 38                 if (pendingCheckpoints.size() >= maxConcurrentCheckpointAttempts) {
 39                     //如果未完成的检查点太多,大于配置的并发检查点最大数量,则将当前检查点的触发请求设置为不能立即执行。
 40                     triggerRequestQueued = true;
 41                     //如果定时任务已经启动,则取消定时任务的执行。
 42                     if (currentPeriodicTrigger != null) {
 43                         currentPeriodicTrigger.cancel(false);
 44                         currentPeriodicTrigger = null;
 45                     }
 46                     return new CheckpointTriggerResult(CheckpointDeclineReason.TOO_MANY_CONCURRENT_CHECKPOINTS);
 47                 }
 48 
 49                 // make sure the minimum interval between checkpoints has passed
 50                 //检查是否满足checkpoint之间的最小时间间隔的条件
 51                 final long earliestNext = lastCheckpointCompletionNanos + minPauseBetweenCheckpointsNanos;
 52                 final long durationTillNextMillis = (earliestNext - System.nanoTime()) / 1_000_000;
 53 
 54                 if (durationTillNextMillis > 0) {
 55                     if (currentPeriodicTrigger != null) {
 56                         currentPeriodicTrigger.cancel(false);
 57                         currentPeriodicTrigger = null;
 58                     }
 59                     // Reassign the new trigger to the currentPeriodicTrigger
 60                     //此时延迟时间设置为durationTillNextMillis
 61                     currentPeriodicTrigger = timer.scheduleAtFixedRate(
 62                             new ScheduledTrigger(),
 63                             durationTillNextMillis, baseInterval, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
 64 
 65                     return new CheckpointTriggerResult(CheckpointDeclineReason.MINIMUM_TIME_BETWEEN_CHECKPOINTS);
 66                 }
 67             }
 68         }
 69 
 70         // check if all tasks that we need to trigger are running.
 71         // if not, abort the checkpoint
 72         // 检查需要触发checkpoint的所有Tasks是否处于运行状态,如果有一个不满足条件,则不触发检查点
 73         Execution[] executions = new Execution[tasksToTrigger.length];
 74         for (int i = 0; i < tasksToTrigger.length; i++) {
 75             Execution ee = tasksToTrigger[i].getCurrentExecutionAttempt();
 76             if (ee != null && ee.getState() == ExecutionState.RUNNING) {
 77                 executions[i] = ee;
 78             } else {
 79                 LOG.info("Checkpoint triggering task {} is not being executed at the moment. Aborting checkpoint.",
 80                         tasksToTrigger[i].getTaskNameWithSubtaskIndex());
 81                 return new CheckpointTriggerResult(CheckpointDeclineReason.NOT_ALL_REQUIRED_TASKS_RUNNING);
 82             }
 83         }
 84 
 85         // next, check if all tasks that need to acknowledge the checkpoint are running.
 86         // if not, abort the checkpoint
 87         //检查所有需要ack的tasks是否都处于运行状态,如果有一个不满足条件,则不触发检查点。
 88         Map<ExecutionAttemptID, ExecutionVertex> ackTasks = new HashMap<>(tasksToWaitFor.length);
 89 
 90         for (ExecutionVertex ev : tasksToWaitFor) {
 91             Execution ee = ev.getCurrentExecutionAttempt();
 92             if (ee != null) {
 93                 ackTasks.put(ee.getAttemptId(), ev);
 94             } else {
 95                 LOG.info("Checkpoint acknowledging task {} is not being executed at the moment. Aborting checkpoint.",
 96                         ev.getTaskNameWithSubtaskIndex());
 97                 return new CheckpointTriggerResult(CheckpointDeclineReason.NOT_ALL_REQUIRED_TASKS_RUNNING);
 98             }
 99         }
100 
101         // we will actually trigger this checkpoint!
102 
103         // we lock with a special lock to make sure that trigger requests do not overtake each other.
104         // this is not done with the coordinator-wide lock, because the 'checkpointIdCounter'
105         // may issue blocking operations. Using a different lock than the coordinator-wide lock,
106         // we avoid blocking the processing of 'acknowledge/decline' messages during that time.
107         // 触发检查点,在triggerLock同步代码块中完成,而不是使用coordinator范围的锁。
108         synchronized (triggerLock) {
109             final long checkpointID;
110             //首先获取checkpointID
111             try {
112                 // this must happen outside the coordinator-wide lock, because it communicates
113                 // with external services (in HA mode) and may block for a while.
114                 checkpointID = checkpointIdCounter.getAndIncrement();
115             }
116             catch (Throwable t) {
117                 int numUnsuccessful = numUnsuccessfulCheckpointsTriggers.incrementAndGet();
118                 LOG.warn("Failed to trigger checkpoint (" + numUnsuccessful + " consecutive failed attempts so far)", t);
119                 return new CheckpointTriggerResult(CheckpointDeclineReason.EXCEPTION);
120             }
121 
122             //创建PendingCheckpoint实例,表示待处理检查点
123             final PendingCheckpoint checkpoint = new PendingCheckpoint(
124                 job,
125                 checkpointID,
126                 timestamp,
127                 ackTasks,
128                 props,
129                 targetDirectory,
130                 executor);
131 
132             if (statsTracker != null) {
133                 PendingCheckpointStats callback = statsTracker.reportPendingCheckpoint(
134                     checkpointID,
135                     timestamp,
136                     props);
137 
138                 checkpoint.setStatsCallback(callback);
139             }
140 
141             // schedule the timer that will clean up the expired checkpoints
142             // 针对当前checkpoints超时进行资源清理的canceller
143             final Runnable canceller = new Runnable() {
144                 @Override
145                 public void run() {
146                     synchronized (lock) {
147                         // only do the work if the checkpoint is not discarded anyways
148                         // note that checkpoint completion discards the pending checkpoint object
149                         if (!checkpoint.isDiscarded()) {
150                             LOG.info("Checkpoint " + checkpointID + " expired before completing.");
151 
152                             checkpoint.abortExpired();
153                             pendingCheckpoints.remove(checkpointID);
154                             rememberRecentCheckpointId(checkpointID);
155 
156                             triggerQueuedRequests();
157                         }
158                     }
159                 }
160             };
161 
162             try {
163                 //重新请求coordinator-wide lock
164                 // re-acquire the coordinator-wide lock
165                 synchronized (lock) {
166                     // since we released the lock in the meantime, we need to re-check
167                     // that the conditions still hold.
168                     // 重新检查触发条件,防止产生竞态条件。这里做二次检查的原因是,中间有一段关于获得checkpointId的代码,不在同步块中。
169                     if (shutdown) {
170                         return new CheckpointTriggerResult(CheckpointDeclineReason.COORDINATOR_SHUTDOWN);
171                     }
172                     else if (!props.forceCheckpoint()) {
173                         if (triggerRequestQueued) {
174                             LOG.warn("Trying to trigger another checkpoint while one was queued already");
175                             return new CheckpointTriggerResult(CheckpointDeclineReason.ALREADY_QUEUED);
176                         }
177 
178                         if (pendingCheckpoints.size() >= maxConcurrentCheckpointAttempts) {
179                             triggerRequestQueued = true;
180                             if (currentPeriodicTrigger != null) {
181                                 currentPeriodicTrigger.cancel(false);
182                                 currentPeriodicTrigger = null;
183                             }
184                             return new CheckpointTriggerResult(CheckpointDeclineReason.TOO_MANY_CONCURRENT_CHECKPOINTS);
185                         }
186 
187                         // make sure the minimum interval between checkpoints has passed
188                         final long earliestNext = lastCheckpointCompletionNanos + minPauseBetweenCheckpointsNanos;
189                         final long durationTillNextMillis = (earliestNext - System.nanoTime()) / 1_000_000;
190 
191                         if (durationTillNextMillis > 0) {
192                             if (currentPeriodicTrigger != null) {
193                                 currentPeriodicTrigger.cancel(false);
194                                 currentPeriodicTrigger = null;
195                             }
196 
197                             // Reassign the new trigger to the currentPeriodicTrigger
198                             currentPeriodicTrigger = timer.scheduleAtFixedRate(
199                                     new ScheduledTrigger(),
200                                     durationTillNextMillis, baseInterval, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
201 
202                             return new CheckpointTriggerResult(CheckpointDeclineReason.MINIMUM_TIME_BETWEEN_CHECKPOINTS);
203                         }
204                     }
205 
206                     LOG.info("Triggering checkpoint " + checkpointID + " @ " + timestamp);
207 
208                     //将checkpoint加入到pendingCheckpoints中
209                     pendingCheckpoints.put(checkpointID, checkpoint);
210 
211                     //启动超时canceller,延迟checkpointTimeout执行
212                     ScheduledFuture<?> cancellerHandle = timer.schedule(
213                             canceller,
214                             checkpointTimeout, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
215 
216                     if (!checkpoint.setCancellerHandle(cancellerHandle)) {
217                         // checkpoint is already disposed!
218                         cancellerHandle.cancel(false);
219                     }
220 
221                     // trigger the master hooks for the checkpoint
222                     final List<MasterState> masterStates = MasterHooks.triggerMasterHooks(masterHooks.values(),
223                             checkpointID, timestamp, executor, Time.milliseconds(checkpointTimeout));
224                     for (MasterState s : masterStates) {
225                         checkpoint.addMasterState(s);
226                     }
227                 }
228                 // end of lock scope
229 
230                 CheckpointOptions checkpointOptions;
231                 if (!props.isSavepoint()) {
232                     checkpointOptions = CheckpointOptions.forFullCheckpoint();
233                 } else {
234                     checkpointOptions = CheckpointOptions.forSavepoint(targetDirectory);
235                 }
236 
237                 // send the messages to the tasks that trigger their checkpoint
238                 // 向tasks发送消息,触发它们的检查点
239                 for (Execution execution: executions) {
240                     execution.triggerCheckpoint(checkpointID, timestamp, checkpointOptions);
241                 }
242 
243                 numUnsuccessfulCheckpointsTriggers.set(0);
244                 return new CheckpointTriggerResult(checkpoint);
245             }
246             catch (Throwable t) {
247                 // guard the map against concurrent modifications
248                 synchronized (lock) {
249                     pendingCheckpoints.remove(checkpointID);
250                 }
251 
252                 int numUnsuccessful = numUnsuccessfulCheckpointsTriggers.incrementAndGet();
253                 LOG.warn("Failed to trigger checkpoint {}. ({} consecutive failed attempts so far)",
254                         checkpointID, numUnsuccessful, t);
255 
256                 if (!checkpoint.isDiscarded()) {
257                     checkpoint.abortError(new Exception("Failed to trigger checkpoint", t));
258                 }
259                 return new CheckpointTriggerResult(CheckpointDeclineReason.EXCEPTION);
260             }
261 
262         } // end trigger lock
263     }

 

  启动定时任务方法:startCheckpointScheduler

 1     public void startCheckpointScheduler() {
 2         synchronized (lock) {
 3             if (shutdown) {
 4                 throw new IllegalArgumentException("Checkpoint coordinator is shut down");
 5             }
 6             //保证所有以前的timer被取消
 7             stopCheckpointScheduler();
 8 
 9             periodicScheduling = true;
10             //scheduleAtFixedRate方法是以固定延迟和固定时间间隔周期性的执行任务
11             currentPeriodicTrigger = timer.scheduleAtFixedRate(
12                     new ScheduledTrigger(), 
13                     baseInterval, baseInterval, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
14         }
15     }

  停止定时任务方法:stopCheckpointScheduler

 1     //重置一些标记变量,释放资源
 2     public void stopCheckpointScheduler() {
 3         synchronized (lock) {
 4             triggerRequestQueued = false;
 5             periodicScheduling = false;
 6 
 7             if (currentPeriodicTrigger != null) {
 8                 currentPeriodicTrigger.cancel(false);//取消当前周期的触发任务
 9                 currentPeriodicTrigger = null;
10             }
11 
12             //pendingCheckpoints中存的是待执行的检查点
13             for (PendingCheckpoint p : pendingCheckpoints.values()) {
14                 p.abortError(new Exception("Checkpoint Coordinator is suspending."));
15             }
16             pendingCheckpoints.clear();//清空pendingCheckpoints
17             numUnsuccessfulCheckpointsTriggers.set(0);
18         }
19     }

 

 

基于Actor的消息驱动的协同机制

  启动和停止定时任务的机制是怎样的?Flink使用的是基于AKKA的Actor模型的消息驱动机制。

  CheckpointCoordinatorDeActivator类

org.apache.flink.runtime.checkpoint.CheckpointCoordinatorDeActivator

 

  CheckpointCoordinatorDeActivator是actor的实现类,监听JobStatus的变化,启动和停止周期性的checkpoint调度任务。

 1     //actor的实现类,监听JobStatus的变化,激活和取消周期性的checkpoint调度任务。
 2     public class CheckpointCoordinatorDeActivator implements JobStatusListener {
 3 
 4         private final CheckpointCoordinator coordinator;
 5 
 6         public CheckpointCoordinatorDeActivator(CheckpointCoordinator coordinator) {
 7             this.coordinator = checkNotNull(coordinator);
 8         }
 9 
10         @Override
11         public void jobStatusChanges(JobID jobId, JobStatus newJobStatus, long timestamp, Throwable error) {
12             if (newJobStatus == JobStatus.RUNNING) {
13                 // start the checkpoint scheduler
14                 // 一旦监听到JobStatus变为RUNNING,就会启动定时任务
15                 coordinator.startCheckpointScheduler();
16             } else {
17                 // anything else should stop the trigger for now
18                 coordinator.stopCheckpointScheduler();
19             }
20         }
21     }

 

  CheckpointCoordinatorDeActivator的实例是在CheckpointCoordinator中被创建的,方法为createActivatorDeactivator

 1     public JobStatusListener createActivatorDeactivator() {
 2         synchronized (lock) {
 3             if (shutdown) {
 4                 throw new IllegalArgumentException("Checkpoint coordinator is shut down");
 5             }
 6 
 7             if (jobStatusListener == null) {
 8                 jobStatusListener = new CheckpointCoordinatorDeActivator(this);
 9             }
10 
11             return jobStatusListener;
12         }
13     }

 

  checkpoint相关Akka消息

  AbstractCheckpointMessage :所有checkpoint消息的基础抽象类

org.apache.flink.runtime.messages.checkpoint.AbstractCheckpointMessage

  AbstractCheckpointMessage主要属性:

1     /** The job to which this message belongs */
2     private final JobID job;
3     /** The task execution that is source/target of the checkpoint message */  
4     private final ExecutionAttemptID taskExecutionId; //检查点的source/target task
5     /** The ID of the checkpoint that this message coordinates */
6     private final long checkpointId;

 

  它有以下实现类:

    TriggerCheckpoint :JobManager向TaskManager发送的检查点触发消息;

    AcknowledgeCheckpoint :TaskManager向JobManager发送的某个独立task的检查点完成确认的消息;

    DeclineCheckpoint :TaskManager向JobManager发送的检查点还没有被处理的消息;

    NotifyCheckpointComplete :JobManager向TaskManager发送的检查点完成的消息。

  TriggerCheckpoint消息

    从JobManager发送到TaskManager,通知指定的task触发checkpoint。

    发送消息

      发送消息的逻辑是在CheckpointCoordinator中,上文提到过:

1         // send the messages to the tasks that trigger their checkpoint
2         for (Execution execution: executions) {
3             execution.triggerCheckpoint(checkpointID, timestamp, checkpointOptions);
4         }

      其中executions是Execution[]数组,其中存储的元素是在检查点触发时需要被发送消息的Tasks的集合(即CheckpointCoordinator成员变量tasksToTrigger中的数据)。对每一个要发送的Task执行triggerCheckpoint()方法。

      接下来,看一下Execution的triggerCheckpoint方法。

 1         //在该execution的task上触发一个新的checkpoint
 2         public void triggerCheckpoint(long checkpointId, long timestamp, CheckpointOptions checkpointOptions) {
 3             //获取Resource
 4             final SimpleSlot slot = assignedResource;//获取Slot
 5 
 6             if (slot != null) {
 7                 //TaskManagerGateway是用于和TaskManager通信的抽象基础类
 8                 final TaskManagerGateway taskManagerGateway = slot.getTaskManagerGateway();
 9                 //通过taskManagerGateway向TaskManager发送消息
10                 taskManagerGateway.triggerCheckpoint(attemptId, getVertex().getJobId(), checkpointId, timestamp, checkpointOptions);
11             } else {
12                 LOG.debug("The execution has no slot assigned. This indicates that the execution is " +
13                     "no longer running.");
14             }
15         }

 

      继续进入ActorTaskManagerGateway(TaskManagerGateway抽象类的Actor实现)类的triggerCheckpoint()方法:

 1         public void triggerCheckpoint(
 2                 ExecutionAttemptID executionAttemptID,
 3                 JobID jobId,
 4                 long checkpointId,
 5                 long timestamp,
 6                 CheckpointOptions checkpointOptions) {
 7 
 8             Preconditions.checkNotNull(executionAttemptID);
 9             Preconditions.checkNotNull(jobId);
10             //新建了一个TriggerCheckpoint消息,通过actorGateway的tell方法(异步发送,没有返回结果)发送这个消息
11             //ActorGateway是基于actor通信的接口
12             actorGateway.tell(new TriggerCheckpoint(jobId, executionAttemptID, checkpointId, timestamp, checkpointOptions));
13         }

      AkkaActorGateway类是ActorGateway接口一种实现,它使用 Akka 与远程的actors进行通信。看一下AkkaActorGateway的tell方法:

1         @Override
2         public void tell(Object message) {
3             Object newMessage = decorator.decorate(message);
4             //通过ActorRef实例actor发送消息,ActorRef是akka中的类。以后需要研究Akka的实现机制。
5             actor.tell(newMessage, ActorRef.noSender());
6         }

      至此,发送TriggerCheckpoint消息的过程结束。下面将看一下TaskManager接收消息的过程。

    接收消息

      TaskManager接收消息的部分是用scala实现的。

org.apache.flink.runtime.taskmanager.TaskManager

      TaskManager类的handleMessage方法是消息处理中心。

 1         //该方法为TaskManager的消息处理中心。接收消息,按消息的种类调用不同的方法处理。
 2         override def handleMessage: Receive = {
 3             case message: TaskMessage => handleTaskMessage(message)
 4 
 5             //这个就是处理checkpoints相关的消息
 6             case message: AbstractCheckpointMessage => handleCheckpointingMessage(message)
 7 
 8             case JobManagerLeaderAddress(address, newLeaderSessionID) =>
 9               handleJobManagerLeaderAddress(address, newLeaderSessionID)
10 
11             case message: RegistrationMessage => handleRegistrationMessage(message)
12 
13             ...
14         }

 

      接下来,看方法handleCheckpointingMessage(),主要是触发Checkpoint Barrier。

 1         //处理Checkpoint相关的消息
 2         private def handleCheckpointingMessage(actorMessage: AbstractCheckpointMessage): Unit = {
 3 
 4             actorMessage match {
 5               //触发Checkpoint消息
 6               case message: TriggerCheckpoint =>
 7                 val taskExecutionId = message.getTaskExecutionId
 8                 val checkpointId = message.getCheckpointId
 9                 val timestamp = message.getTimestamp
10                 val checkpointOptions = message.getCheckpointOptions
11 
12                 log.debug(s"Receiver TriggerCheckpoint $checkpointId@$timestamp for $taskExecutionId.")
13 
14                 val task = runningTasks.get(taskExecutionId)
15                 if (task != null) {
16                   //调用Task的triggerCheckpointBarrier方法,触发Checkpoint Barrier,Barrier实现机制的细节以后讨论。
17                   task.triggerCheckpointBarrier(checkpointId, timestamp, checkpointOptions)
18                 } else {
19                   log.debug(s"TaskManager received a checkpoint request for unknown task $taskExecutionId.")
20                 }
21               //Checkpoint完成通知消息
22               case message: NotifyCheckpointComplete =>
23                 val taskExecutionId = message.getTaskExecutionId
24                 val checkpointId = message.getCheckpointId
25                 val timestamp = message.getTimestamp
26 
27                 log.debug(s"Receiver ConfirmCheckpoint $checkpointId@$timestamp for $taskExecutionId.")
28 
29                 val task = runningTasks.get(taskExecutionId)
30                 if (task != null) {
31                   //调用Task的notifyCheckpointComplete方法,进行相关处理
32                   task.notifyCheckpointComplete(checkpointId)
33                 } else {
34                   log.debug(
35                     s"TaskManager received a checkpoint confirmation for unknown task $taskExecutionId.")
36                 }
37 
38               // unknown checkpoint message
39               case _ => unhandled(actorMessage)
40             }
41           }

 

  NotifyCheckpointComplete消息

    JobManager发送到TaskManager,通知task它的检查点已经得到完成确认,task可以向第三方提交checkpoint。

    发送消息

      发送NotifyCheckpointComplete消息的部分在CheckpointCoordinator类的receiveAcknowledgeMessage方法中。

 1         //该方法接收一个AcknowledgeCheckpoint消息,返回该Message是否与一个pending checkpoint相关联
 2         public boolean receiveAcknowledgeMessage(AcknowledgeCheckpoint message) throws CheckpointException {
 3             if (shutdown || message == null) {
 4                 return false;
 5             }
 6             if (!job.equals(message.getJob())) {
 7                 LOG.error("Received wrong AcknowledgeCheckpoint message for job {}: {}", job, message);
 8                 return false;
 9             }
10 
11             final long checkpointId = message.getCheckpointId();
12             
13             synchronized (lock) {
14                 // we need to check inside the lock for being shutdown as well, otherwise we
15                 // get races and invalid error log messages
16                 if (shutdown) {
17                     return false;
18                 }
19 
20                 final PendingCheckpoint checkpoint = pendingCheckpoints.get(checkpointId);
21                 
22                 //如果是待处理的检查点并且没有被Discarded
23                 if (checkpoint != null && !checkpoint.isDiscarded()) {
24                     
25                     //根据TaskExecutionId和SubtaskState,Acknowledges the task。确认该任务
26                     switch (checkpoint.acknowledgeTask(message.getTaskExecutionId(), message.getSubtaskState(), message.getCheckpointMetrics())) {
27                         //确认成功
28                         case SUCCESS:
29                             LOG.debug("Received acknowledge message for checkpoint {} from task {} of job {}.",
30                                 checkpointId, message.getTaskExecutionId(), message.getJob());
31                             //如果收到了全部task的确认消息(即notYetAcknowledgedTasks为空)
32                             if (checkpoint.isFullyAcknowledged()) {
33                                 //尝试完成PendingCheckpoint(Try to complete the given pending checkpoint)
34                                 //将完成的checkpointId从checkpoint中删除和一下标志修改,最后,发送notify complete消息
35                                 completePendingCheckpoint(checkpoint);
36                             }
37                             break;
38                         //重复消息
39                         case DUPLICATE:
40                             LOG.debug("Received a duplicate acknowledge message for checkpoint {}, task {}, job {}.",
41                                 message.getCheckpointId(), message.getTaskExecutionId(), message.getJob());
42                             break;
43                         //未知消息
44                         case UNKNOWN:
45                             LOG.warn("Could not acknowledge the checkpoint {} for task {} of job {}, " +
46                                     "because the task's execution attempt id was unknown. Discarding " +
47                                     "the state handle to avoid lingering state.", message.getCheckpointId(),
48                                 message.getTaskExecutionId(), message.getJob());
49 
50                             discardSubtaskState(message.getJob(), message.getTaskExecutionId(), message.getCheckpointId(), message.getSubtaskState());
51                             break;
52                         //废弃消息
53                         case DISCARDED:
54                             LOG.warn("Could not acknowledge the checkpoint {} for task {} of job {}, " +
55                                 "because the pending checkpoint had been discarded. Discarding the " +
56                                     "state handle tp avoid lingering state.",
57                                 message.getCheckpointId(), message.getTaskExecutionId(), message.getJob());
58                             discardSubtaskState(message.getJob(), message.getTaskExecutionId(), message.getCheckpointId(), message.getSubtaskState());
59                     }
60 
61                     return true;
62                 }
63                 else if (checkpoint != null) {
64                     // this should not happen
65                     throw new IllegalStateException(
66                             "Received message for discarded but non-removed checkpoint " + checkpointId);
67                 }
68                 else {
69                     boolean wasPendingCheckpoint;
70 
71                     // message is for an unknown checkpoint, or comes too late (checkpoint disposed)
72                     if (recentPendingCheckpoints.contains(checkpointId)) {
73                         wasPendingCheckpoint = true;
74                         LOG.warn("Received late message for now expired checkpoint attempt {} from " +
75                             "{} of job {}.", checkpointId, message.getTaskExecutionId(), message.getJob());
76                     }
77                     else {
78                         LOG.debug("Received message for an unknown checkpoint {} from {} of job {}.",
79                             checkpointId, message.getTaskExecutionId(), message.getJob());
80                         wasPendingCheckpoint = false;
81                     }
82 
83                     // try to discard the state so that we don't have lingering state lying around
84                     discardSubtaskState(message.getJob(), message.getTaskExecutionId(), message.getCheckpointId(), message.getSubtaskState());
85 
86                     return wasPendingCheckpoint;
87                 }
88             }
89         }
View Code

 

      completePendingCheckpoint方法中发送NotifyCheckpointComplete消息的代码如下:

1         for (ExecutionVertex ev : tasksToCommitTo) {
2             Execution ee = ev.getCurrentExecutionAttempt();
3             if (ee != null) {
4                 ee.notifyCheckpointComplete(checkpointId, timestamp);
5             }
6         }
View Code

    接收消息

      在TriggerCheckpoint消息接收中的有这部分代码,主要是调用notifyCheckpointComplete方法: task.notifyCheckpointComplete(checkpointId)。

  AcknowledgeCheckpoint消息

    由TaskManager发向JobManager,告知JobManager指定task的checkpoint已完成。该消息可能携带task的状态和checkpointMetrics。

    AcknowledgeCheckpoint消息类的两个属性:

	private final SubtaskState subtaskState;//任务状态
	private final CheckpointMetrics checkpointMetrics;

    发送消息

      发送消息的过程在RuntimeEnvironment类中的acknowledgeCheckpoint方法

1         public void acknowledgeCheckpoint(
2                 long checkpointId,
3                 CheckpointMetrics checkpointMetrics,
4                 SubtaskState checkpointStateHandles) {
5             //通过CheckpointResponder接口的实例checkpointResponder发送ack消息
6             checkpointResponder.acknowledgeCheckpoint(
7                     jobId, executionId, checkpointId, checkpointMetrics,
8                     checkpointStateHandles);
9         }

 

      CheckpointResponder接口是checkpoint acknowledge and decline messages 的应答类。ActorGatewayCheckpointResponder是使用了ActorGateway的CheckpointResponder接口的实现类,包含acknowledgeCheckpoint和declineCheckpoint两个方法。

 1         @Override
 2         public void acknowledgeCheckpoint(
 3                 JobID jobID,
 4                 ExecutionAttemptID executionAttemptID,
 5                 long checkpointId,
 6                 CheckpointMetrics checkpointMetrics,
 7                 SubtaskState checkpointStateHandles) {
 8             //新建一个AcknowledgeCheckpoint消息
 9             AcknowledgeCheckpoint message = new AcknowledgeCheckpoint(
10                     jobID, executionAttemptID, checkpointId, checkpointMetrics,
11                     checkpointStateHandles);
12             //通过actorGateway发送出去
13             actorGateway.tell(message);
14         }

    接收消息

      通过receiveAcknowledgeMessage方法接收(和NotifyCheckpointComplete消息的发送过程在同一个方法)。

  DeclineCheckpoint消息

    该消息由TaskManager发送给JobManager,用于告知CheckpointCoordinator:检查点的请求还没有能够被处理。这种情况通常发生于:某task已处于RUNNING状态,但在内部可能还没有准备好执行检查点。

    发送消息

      位于task类的triggerCheckpointBarrier方法中。

org.apache.flink.runtime.taskmanager.Task
1         try {
2             boolean success = statefulTask.triggerCheckpoint(checkpointMetaData, checkpointOptions);
3             if (!success) {
4                 //通过CheckpointResponder发送消息,类似发送AcknowledgeCheckpoint消息
5                 checkpointResponder.declineCheckpoint(
6                         getJobID(), getExecutionId(), checkpointID,
7                         new CheckpointDeclineTaskNotReadyException(taskName));
8             }
9         }

 

    接收消息

      CheckpointCoordinator中的receiveDeclineMessage方法。

 1         public void receiveDeclineMessage(DeclineCheckpoint message) {
 2             if (shutdown || message == null) {
 3                 return;
 4             }
 5             if (!job.equals(message.getJob())) {
 6                 throw new IllegalArgumentException("Received DeclineCheckpoint message for job " +
 7                     message.getJob() + " while this coordinator handles job " + job);
 8             }
 9             
10             final long checkpointId = message.getCheckpointId();
11             final String reason = (message.getReason() != null ? message.getReason().getMessage() : "");
12 
13             PendingCheckpoint checkpoint;
14 
15             synchronized (lock) {
16                 // we need to check inside the lock for being shutdown as well, otherwise we
17                 // get races and invalid error log messages
18                 if (shutdown) {
19                     return;
20                 }
21 
22                 checkpoint = pendingCheckpoints.get(checkpointId);
23 
24                 if (checkpoint != null && !checkpoint.isDiscarded()) {
25                     //如果是待处理的Checkpoint且没有被遗弃
26                     LOG.info("Discarding checkpoint {} because of checkpoint decline from task {} : {}",
27                             checkpointId, message.getTaskExecutionId(), reason);
28 
29                     pendingCheckpoints.remove(checkpointId);//将checkpointId从pendingCheckpoints中删除
30                     checkpoint.abortDeclined();
31                     rememberRecentCheckpointId(checkpointId);
32 
33                     // we don't have to schedule another "dissolving" checkpoint any more because the
34                     // cancellation barriers take care of breaking downstream alignments
35                     // we only need to make sure that suspended queued requests are resumed
36 
37                     //是否还有更多pending 的checkpoint
38                     boolean haveMoreRecentPending = false;
39                     for (PendingCheckpoint p : pendingCheckpoints.values()) {
40                         if (!p.isDiscarded() && p.getCheckpointId() >= checkpoint.getCheckpointId()) {
41                             haveMoreRecentPending = true;
42                             break;
43                         }
44                     }
45                     //
46                     if (!haveMoreRecentPending) {
47                         triggerQueuedRequests();
48                     }
49                 }
50                 else if (checkpoint != null) {
51                     // this should not happen
52                     throw new IllegalStateException(
53                             "Received message for discarded but non-removed checkpoint " + checkpointId);
54                 }
55                 else if (LOG.isDebugEnabled()) {
56                     if (recentPendingCheckpoints.contains(checkpointId)) {
57                         // message is for an unknown checkpoint, or comes too late (checkpoint disposed)
58                         LOG.debug("Received another decline message for now expired checkpoint attempt {} : {}",
59                                 checkpointId, reason);
60                     } else {
61                         // message is for an unknown checkpoint. might be so old that we don't even remember it any more
62                         LOG.debug("Received decline message for unknown (too old?) checkpoint attempt {} : {}",
63                                 checkpointId, reason);
64                     }
65                 }
66             }
67         }
View Code

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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posted @ 2018-06-27 23:07  在周末  阅读(6349)  评论(0编辑  收藏