通过PEB寻找函数地址

  通过PEB的Ldr参数(结构体定义为_PEB_LDR_DATA),遍历当前进程加载的模块信息链表,找到目标模块。
  摘自PEB LDR DATA

typedef struct _PEB_LDR_DATA
{
    0x00    ULONG         Length;                            /* Size of structure, used by ntdll.dll as structure version ID */
    0x04    BOOLEAN       Initialized;                       /* If set, loader data section for current process is initialized */
    0x08    PVOID         SsHandle;
    0x0c    LIST_ENTRY    InLoadOrderModuleList;             /* Pointer to LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY structure. Previous and next module in load order */
    0x14    LIST_ENTRY    InMemoryOrderModuleList;           /* Pointer to LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY structure. Previous and next module in memory placement order */
    0x1c    LIST_ENTRY    InInitializationOrderModuleList;   /* Pointer to LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY structure. Previous and next module in initialization order */
} PEB_LDR_DATA, *PPEB_LDR_DATA; // +0x24

  _PEB_LDR_DATA结构体中的InLoadOrderModuleListInMemoryOrderModuleListInInitializationOrderModuleList指向一个当前进程加载模块的链表,链表的每个结点都被定义为_LIST_ENTRY类型的结构体,三条链表以不同方式串连,加载顺序、内存分布顺序、初始化顺序。
  _LIST_ENTRY:

0:000> dt ntdll!_LIST_ENTRY
   +0x000 Flink            : Ptr32 _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x004 Blink            : Ptr32 _LIST_ENTRY

其中Flink指向下一结点,尾部结点的Flink则指向头部;Blink指向前一结点,首部节点指向尾部结点;所以该链表结构就是一个双向循环链表。
  除头结点外,_LIST_ENTRY结构体中的两个指针都指向一个_LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY结构体,看这情况也就是说_LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY头部为_LIST_ENTRY咯?该结构体含有当前结点对应的模块的许多信息,根据成员BaseDllName匹配需要的已加载模块,再由DllBase得到句柄。
  在通过InLoadOrderLinks进行模块查找时,Flink或者Blink可直接作为_LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY地址;如果通过InMemoryOrderLinksInInitializationOrderLinks 进行匹配时,需要将F(B)link地址偏移-0x08-0x10作为地址,与两者在_LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY结构体中的偏移相对应。

0:000> dt ntdll!_LDR_DATA_TABLE_ENTRY
   +0x000 InLoadOrderLinks : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x008 InMemoryOrderLinks : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x010 InInitializationOrderLinks : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x018 DllBase          : Ptr32 Void
   +0x01c EntryPoint       : Ptr32 Void
   +0x020 SizeOfImage      : Uint4B
   +0x024 FullDllName      : _UNICODE_STRING
   +0x02c BaseDllName      : _UNICODE_STRING
   +0x034 FlagGroup        : [4] UChar
   +0x034 Flags            : Uint4B
   +0x034 PackagedBinary   : Pos 0, 1 Bit
   +0x034 MarkedForRemoval : Pos 1, 1 Bit
   +0x034 ImageDll         : Pos 2, 1 Bit
   +0x034 LoadNotificationsSent : Pos 3, 1 Bit
   +0x034 TelemetryEntryProcessed : Pos 4, 1 Bit
   +0x034 ProcessStaticImport : Pos 5, 1 Bit
   +0x034 InLegacyLists    : Pos 6, 1 Bit
   +0x034 InIndexes        : Pos 7, 1 Bit
   +0x034 ShimDll          : Pos 8, 1 Bit
   +0x034 InExceptionTable : Pos 9, 1 Bit
   +0x034 ReservedFlags1   : Pos 10, 2 Bits
   +0x034 LoadInProgress   : Pos 12, 1 Bit
   +0x034 LoadConfigProcessed : Pos 13, 1 Bit
   +0x034 EntryProcessed   : Pos 14, 1 Bit
   +0x034 ProtectDelayLoad : Pos 15, 1 Bit
   +0x034 ReservedFlags3   : Pos 16, 2 Bits
   +0x034 DontCallForThreads : Pos 18, 1 Bit
   +0x034 ProcessAttachCalled : Pos 19, 1 Bit
   +0x034 ProcessAttachFailed : Pos 20, 1 Bit
   +0x034 CorDeferredValidate : Pos 21, 1 Bit
   +0x034 CorImage         : Pos 22, 1 Bit
   +0x034 DontRelocate     : Pos 23, 1 Bit
   +0x034 CorILOnly        : Pos 24, 1 Bit
   +0x034 ChpeImage        : Pos 25, 1 Bit
   +0x034 ReservedFlags5   : Pos 26, 2 Bits
   +0x034 Redirected       : Pos 28, 1 Bit
   +0x034 ReservedFlags6   : Pos 29, 2 Bits
   +0x034 CompatDatabaseProcessed : Pos 31, 1 Bit
   +0x038 ObsoleteLoadCount : Uint2B
   +0x03a TlsIndex         : Uint2B
   +0x03c HashLinks        : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x044 TimeDateStamp    : Uint4B
   +0x048 EntryPointActivationContext : Ptr32 _ACTIVATION_CONTEXT
   +0x04c Lock             : Ptr32 Void
   +0x050 DdagNode         : Ptr32 _LDR_DDAG_NODE
   +0x054 NodeModuleLink   : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x05c LoadContext      : Ptr32 _LDRP_LOAD_CONTEXT
   +0x060 ParentDllBase    : Ptr32 Void
   +0x064 SwitchBackContext : Ptr32 Void
   +0x068 BaseAddressIndexNode : _RTL_BALANCED_NODE
   +0x074 MappingInfoIndexNode : _RTL_BALANCED_NODE
   +0x080 OriginalBase     : Uint4B
   +0x088 LoadTime         : _LARGE_INTEGER
   +0x090 BaseNameHashValue : Uint4B
   +0x094 LoadReason       : _LDR_DLL_LOAD_REASON
   +0x098 ImplicitPathOptions : Uint4B
   +0x09c ReferenceCount   : Uint4B
   +0x0a0 DependentLoadFlags : Uint4B
   +0x0a4 SigningLevel     : UChar

  测试不调用系统API,利用PEB寻找模块,并通过模块寻找目标函数;这种情况大多是在Shellcode中用到,比方说恶意程序、病毒等;在许多情况下shellcode通常作为独立代码执行,不被加载器基址重定位,也无法直接调用API,所以通过PEB查找目标模块,进而查找目标函数,通常首先都会获取LoadLibraryAGetProcAddress地址,便于之后直接加载指定模块,获取导出函数并调用。
  写的时候我发现从函数序数表得到的函数序号减去序号基数base会得到不正确结果,不减则正确,代码调试时得到base值为1
  导出表结构:

typedef struct _IMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY {
    DWORD   Characteristics;
    DWORD   TimeDateStamp;
    WORD    MajorVersion;
    WORD    MinorVersion;
    DWORD   Name;
    DWORD   Base;
    DWORD   NumberOfFunctions;
    DWORD   NumberOfNames;
    DWORD   AddressOfFunctions;     // RVA from base of image
    DWORD   AddressOfNames;         // RVA from base of image
    DWORD   AddressOfNameOrdinals;  // RVA from base of image
} IMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY, *PIMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY;

测试代码,写的时候在通过模块获取函数地址的时候没用汇编,要提二进制码还得重写这个部分;不过顺便温习一下导出表结构。

#include "windows.h"
#include "stdio.h"

//typedef void(*func)();
VOID WINAPI Lower(WCHAR* s) {
	WCHAR* pos = s;
	for (; *pos; pos++) {
		if (*pos <= 'Z' && *pos >= 'A')
			*pos |= 0x20;
	}
	//printf("\t==lower string : %ws\n", s);
}

 BOOL WINAPI __strcmpW(WCHAR* a, WCHAR *b) {
	//printf("\tcompared dll name: %ws\n\n", b);

	int i = 0;
	for (i = 0; a[i] || b[i]; i++)
		if (a[i] != b[i])
			return FALSE;
	return TRUE;
}

HMODULE WINAPI FindModuleByPeb(WCHAR* targetModule) {
	WCHAR dllName[50] = { 0 };
	BOOL foundModule = FALSE;
	DWORD dllBase = NULL; 
	printf("[#] start get module handle\n");
	/*
		通过PEB结构中的Ldr寻找到InLoadOrderModuleList,遍历寻找已加载的模块,通过模块名进行寻找
	*/
	__asm {
		push targetModule
		call Lower
		mov eax, fs:[30h]		// eax <- peb
		mov eax, [eax + 0ch]		// eax <- Ldr  _PEB_LDR_DATA
		mov eax, [eax + 0ch]		// eax <- first Flink address, InLoadOrderModuleList [Type: _LIST_ENTRY]
	_LOOP :
		push eax
		mov eax, [eax + 2ch + 4]		// dll name string address
		cmp eax, 0
		jz _END				// 字符串为NULL,说明寻找完毕,退出
		lea ebx, dllName
		push ebx				// for calling compare
		push ebx				// for calling lower string
	_COPYNAME :
		mov dl, byte ptr[eax]
		mov byte ptr[ebx], dl	// copy name
		add ebx, 2
		add eax, 2
		cmp[eax], 0
		jnz _COPYNAME
		mov[ebx], 0
		call Lower				// lower dll name string
		push targetModule
		call __strcmpW			// compare dll name
		cmp al, 1
		jz _FOUND
		pop eax
		mov eax, [eax]			// next Flink
		jmp _LOOP				// if not found, go to next flink and loop again
	_FOUND :
		pop eax
		push DWORD ptr[eax + 18h]	// save dllBase
		pop dllBase
		mov foundModule, 1		// found target dll
	_END :
	}
	if (foundModule) {
		printf("\t[ok] Have found target module :)\n");
		printf("\t\tDllBase : %#x\n\t\tDll Name: %ws\n\n", dllBase, targetModule);
	}
	else
		printf("\t[no] Not found :(\n\n");

	return (HMODULE)dllBase;
}

func WINAPI GetProcByhMod(HMODULE hMod, WCHAR* procName) {

	PIMAGE_DOS_HEADER pIDH = NULL;		//DOS 头
	PIMAGE_NT_HEADERS pINH = NULL;		// NT头
	PIMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY pIDD = NULL;	// 数据目录表
	PIMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY pIED = NULL; // 导出表
	INT i = 0, length = 0;
	WORD ordinal = -1;
	DWORD funcAddr = NULL;

	WCHAR funcName[60] = { 0 };		// 函数名字
	CHAR *name = NULL;

	pIDH = (PIMAGE_DOS_HEADER)hMod;
	printf("[#]start Get Library By found module handle\n");

	if ((WORD)pIDH->e_magic == 0x5a4d)		// magic值 MZ
		printf("\tMatch \"MZ\" magic :)\n");
	else
		printf("\tNot Match \"MZ\" magic :(\n");

	pINH = (PIMAGE_NT_HEADERS)(pIDH->e_lfanew+(DWORD)hMod);
	/*
	printf("offset : %#x\n", pIDH->e_lfanew);
	printf("Image Base : %#x\n", hMod);
	printf("PIMAGE_NT_HEADERS value : %#x\n", pINH);
	*/
	if ((WORD)pINH->Signature == 0x4550)		// 签名 PE
		printf("\tMatch \"PE\" signature :)\n");
	else
		printf("\tNot Match \"PE\" signature :(\n");

	pIDD = (PIMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY)((pINH->OptionalHeader).DataDirectory);	// 数据目录表
	pIED = (PIMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY)(pIDD[IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_EXPORT].VirtualAddress + (DWORD)hMod);
	printf("\texport table VA : %#x\n\tfunction names array address : %#x\n", (DWORD)pIED, pIED->AddressOfNames + (DWORD)hMod);

	Lower(procName);	//

	for (i = 0; i < pIED->NumberOfNames; i++) {
		name = (CHAR*)(*((DWORD*)(pIED->AddressOfNames + (DWORD)hMod) + i) + (DWORD)hMod);
		for (length = 0; name[length]; length++);	// 函数名长度
		/*printf("==> %s\n", name);
		
			通过functionames数组获取下标,根据该下标(输出函数名表和输出序号表一一对应)在输出序号表
			获取函数地址表中的序号,将序号减去基数作为下标寻找到函数地址RVA。
		*/
		MultiByteToWideChar(CP_ACP, NULL, name, ++length, funcName, length);
		//printf("\tcompared function name : %ws\n", funcName);
		Lower(funcName);
		if (__strcmpW(procName, funcName)) {
			printf("\t[ok] succeedfound function name :)\n");
			ordinal = *((WORD*)(pIED->AddressOfNameOrdinals + (DWORD)hMod) + i);  // WORD
			printf("\t\tindex of target function : %#x\n\t\tordinal number : %#x\n\t\torinal base : %#x\n", i, ordinal, pIED->Base);
			funcAddr = *((DWORD*)(pIED->AddressOfFunctions + (DWORD)hMod) + (ordinal/* - pIED->Base加上之后不对*/)) + (DWORD)hMod;
			printf("\tGet function address : %#x\n", funcAddr);
			break;
		}
	}
	if (!funcAddr)
		printf("\t[no] not Found target function :(");
	return (func)funcAddr;
}

INT main(INT argc, CHAR* argv[]) {
	WCHAR searchMod[] = { L"Kernel32.dll" };
	WCHAR procLoadlib[] = { L"LoadLibraryA" };
	WCHAR procGetProc[] = { L"GetProcAddress" };

	//func procAddr = NULL;

	//
	CHAR tarMod[] = { "User32.dll" };
	CHAR targFunc[] = { "MessageBoxA" };	// 测试弹窗
	CHAR test[] = { "test" };/////

	/*HMODULE hMod = LoadLibraryA(tarMod);
	typedef int (*msgBoxProc)(HWND, LPCTSTR, LPCTSTR, UINT);
	msgBoxProc f = (msgBoxProc)GetProcAddress(hMod, targFunc);
	f(NULL, (LPCTSTR)"test", (LPCTSTR)"test", MB_OK);*/

	HMODULE hMod = FindModuleByPeb(searchMod);
	if (hMod) {
		__asm {
			lea eax, procLoadlib
			push eax	//LoadLibraryA
			push hMod
			call GetProcByhMod
			cmp eax, 0
			jz _END2
			mov ebx,eax
			lea eax, tarMod	// target mod; user32.dll
			push eax
			call ebx		// call LoadLibraryA
			cmp eax,0
			jz _END2
			push eax	// save hInstance value
			lea eax,procGetProc		// string GetProcAddress
			push eax
			push hMod
			call GetProcByhMod
			cmp eax, 0
			jz _END2
			mov ebx, eax
			lea eax, targFunc
			pop edx
			push eax	// messageboxa
			push edx	// target hMod
			call ebx		// call getprocaddress
			cmp eax, 0
			jz _END2
			mov ebx, eax
			push MB_OK
			lea eax, test
			push eax
			push eax
			push 0			// param for messagebox
			call ebx	// call got api - messageboxA
		_END2:
		}
	}
}

本文来自博客园,作者:Bl0od
  转载请注明原文链接:https://www.cnblogs.com/zUotTe0/p/11421173.html

posted @ 2019-08-27 22:18  Bl0od  阅读(940)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报