【Spring】Spring bean的实例化(ClassPathXmlApplicationContext)

Spring实现HelloWord

前提:
1、已经在工程中定义了Spring配置文件beans.xml
2、写好了一个测试类HelloWorld,里面有方法getMessage()用于输出"hello world"
3、在beans.xml中配置了一个类HelloWorld

示例代码:

ClassPathXmlApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("beans.xml");
HelloWorld obj = (HelloWorld)context.getBean("HelloWorld");
obj.getMessage();

运行上面代码,会在控制台打印出hello world字符。

Spring加载bean过程

注:分析基于spring-framework-4.3.8.RELEASE

ClassPathXmlApplicationContext的所有方法列表

构造函数调用了refresh方法

代码new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("beans.xml");使用了构造函数如下:

	/**
	 * Create a new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext, loading the definitions
	 * from the given XML file and automatically refreshing the context.
	 * @param configLocation resource location
	 * @throws BeansException if context creation failed
	 */
	public ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(String configLocation) throws BeansException {
		this(new String[] {configLocation}, true, null);
	}
	
		/**
	 * Create a new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext with the given parent,
	 * loading the definitions from the given XML files.
	 * @param configLocations array of resource locations
	 * @param refresh whether to automatically refresh the context,
	 * loading all bean definitions and creating all singletons.
	 * Alternatively, call refresh manually after further configuring the context.
	 * @param parent the parent context
	 * @throws BeansException if context creation failed
	 * @see #refresh()
	 */
	public ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(String[] configLocations, boolean refresh, ApplicationContext parent)
			throws BeansException {

		super(parent);
		setConfigLocations(configLocations);
		if (refresh) {
			refresh();
		}
	}

上面构造方法调用了org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext#refresh

@Override
	public void refresh() throws BeansException, IllegalStateException {
		synchronized (this.startupShutdownMonitor) {
			// Prepare this context for refreshing.
			prepareRefresh();

			// Tell the subclass to refresh the internal bean factory.
			ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = obtainFreshBeanFactory();

			// Prepare the bean factory for use in this context.
			prepareBeanFactory(beanFactory);

			try {
				// Allows post-processing of the bean factory in context subclasses.
				postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);

				// Invoke factory processors registered as beans in the context.
				invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory);

				// Register bean processors that intercept bean creation.
				registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory);

				// Initialize message source for this context.
				initMessageSource();

				// Initialize event multicaster for this context.
				initApplicationEventMulticaster();

				// Initialize other special beans in specific context subclasses.
				onRefresh();

				// Check for listener beans and register them.
				registerListeners();

				// Instantiate all remaining (non-lazy-init) singletons.
                                //这里是实例化所有非懒加载的实例
				finishBeanFactoryInitialization(beanFactory);

				// Last step: publish corresponding event.
				finishRefresh();
			}

			catch (BeansException ex) {
				if (logger.isWarnEnabled()) {
					logger.warn("Exception encountered during context initialization - " +
							"cancelling refresh attempt: " + ex);
				}

				// Destroy already created singletons to avoid dangling resources.
				destroyBeans();

				// Reset 'active' flag.
				cancelRefresh(ex);

				// Propagate exception to caller.
				throw ex;
			}

			finally {
				// Reset common introspection caches in Spring's core, since we
				// might not ever need metadata for singleton beans anymore...
				resetCommonCaches();
			}
		}
	}

下面是调用构造器时,Spring初始化的主要过程。(refresh)

下面是refresh中的finishBeanFactoryInitialization(beanFactory);方法的主要过程。(AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization())
下面是实例化Bean的过程:

(在新标签打开查看大图)

下面是加载Bean定义:AbstractXmlApplicationContext.loadBeanDefinitions()在refresh方法中的obtainFreshBeanFactory的bean定义阶段。
调用关系如下:

加载Bean定义过程如下:

获取bean流程分析

由于未设置HelloWorld类懒加载(lazy-init=true)(默认是non-lazy-load),因此该类是在初始化ClassPathXmlApplicationContext ,即实例化。(参考:spring容器的懒加载lazy-init设置
在调用getBean方法时,直接从缓存中拿到已经实例化的bean,详细实现见下面源码分析。

此外,bean实例化有优先级之分,原因是实现了BeanFactoryPostProcessor的接口在refresh方法执行invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory);时就会实例化bean。
因为任何实现了BeanFactoryPostProcessor接口的bean首先要做的事就是先把自己实例化好

1、调用的获取bean的方法是org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext#getBean(java.lang.Class<T>),源码如下:

	@Override
	public Object getBean(String name) throws BeansException {
		assertBeanFactoryActive();
		return getBeanFactory().getBean(name);
	}

2、上面调用了org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext#getBeanFactory方法

@Override
public abstract ConfigurableListableBeanFactory getBeanFactory() throws IllegalStateException;

该方法是个抽象方法,有两个实现类

	

//GenericApplicationContext
    private final DefaultListableBeanFactory beanFactory;
	/**
	 * Return the single internal BeanFactory held by this context
	 * (as ConfigurableListableBeanFactory).
	 */
	@Override
	public final ConfigurableListableBeanFactory getBeanFactory() {
		return this.beanFactory;
	}
	
//AbstractRefreshableApplicationContext
    /** Bean factory for this context */
	private DefaultListableBeanFactory beanFactory;
	@Override
	public final ConfigurableListableBeanFactory getBeanFactory() {
		synchronized (this.beanFactoryMonitor) {
			if (this.beanFactory == null) {
				throw new IllegalStateException("BeanFactory not initialized or already closed - " +
						"call 'refresh' before accessing beans via the ApplicationContext");
			}
			return this.beanFactory;
		}
	}

最终都是得到DefaultListableBeanFactory,因此调用的是org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory#getBean(java.lang.Class<T>)方法,该方法又调用本类中的org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory#getBean(java.lang.Class<T>, java.lang.Object...)方法。

	@Override
	public <T> T getBean(Class<T> requiredType) throws BeansException {
		return getBean(requiredType, (Object[]) null);
	}

	@Override
	public <T> T getBean(Class<T> requiredType, Object... args) throws BeansException {
		NamedBeanHolder<T> namedBean = resolveNamedBean(requiredType, args);
		if (namedBean != null) {
			return namedBean.getBeanInstance();
		}
		BeanFactory parent = getParentBeanFactory();
		if (parent != null) {
			return parent.getBean(requiredType, args);
		}
		throw new NoSuchBeanDefinitionException(requiredType);
	}

3、接着来看DefaultListableBeanFactory中的resolveNamedBean方法。
该方法从xml解析注册到Spring容器中的bean中查找bean的声名,看是否存在该名字的bean。
然后进行实例化,并返回。

@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
	private <T> NamedBeanHolder<T> resolveNamedBean(Class<T> requiredType, Object... args) throws BeansException {
		Assert.notNull(requiredType, "Required type must not be null");
		String[] candidateNames = getBeanNamesForType(requiredType);//查找候选的bean名称

		if (candidateNames.length > 1) { //如果有重名的需要进一步处理
			List<String> autowireCandidates = new ArrayList<String>(candidateNames.length);
			for (String beanName : candidateNames) {
				if (!containsBeanDefinition(beanName) || getBeanDefinition(beanName).isAutowireCandidate()) {
					autowireCandidates.add(beanName);
				}
			}
			if (!autowireCandidates.isEmpty()) {
				candidateNames = autowireCandidates.toArray(new String[autowireCandidates.size()]);
			}
		}

		if (candidateNames.length == 1) {//如果只有一个,直接进行实例化
			String beanName = candidateNames[0];
			return new NamedBeanHolder<T>(beanName, getBean(beanName, requiredType, args));
		}
		else if (candidateNames.length > 1) { //如果有重名的需要进一步处理
			Map<String, Object> candidates = new LinkedHashMap<String, Object>(candidateNames.length);
			for (String beanName : candidateNames) {
				if (containsSingleton(beanName)) {
					candidates.put(beanName, getBean(beanName, requiredType, args));
				}
				else {
					candidates.put(beanName, getType(beanName));
				}
			}
			String candidateName = determinePrimaryCandidate(candidates, requiredType);
			if (candidateName == null) {
				candidateName = determineHighestPriorityCandidate(candidates, requiredType);
			}
			if (candidateName != null) {
				Object beanInstance = candidates.get(candidateName);
				if (beanInstance instanceof Class) {
					beanInstance = getBean(candidateName, requiredType, args);
				}
				return new NamedBeanHolder<T>(candidateName, (T) beanInstance);
			}
			throw new NoUniqueBeanDefinitionException(requiredType, candidates.keySet());
		}

		return null;
	}

bean的名称存放在

	/** List of bean definition names, in registration order */
	private volatile List<String> beanDefinitionNames = new ArrayList<String>(256);

4、上面找到beanName之后调用org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory#getBean(java.lang.String, java.lang.Class<T>, java.lang.Object...)实例化bean
参考:
Spring源码系列:依赖注入(一)(AbstractBeanFactory-getBean)
Spring的Bean-singleton模式
做一个合格的程序猿之浅析Spring IoC源码(十一)Spring refresh()方法解析之一

doGetBean代码的执行顺序是:

1 首先先去实例化好的bean中去找,如果找到,直接返回

2 然后去当前beanfactory中父类factory找,如果能找到父类的factory,则叫父类去返回,(与jvm的classloader的双亲加载比较像~)

3 如果都没有找到,则开始初次实例化,先标记开始实例化

4 开始查看当前要实例化的bean是否依赖于其他的bean,如果依赖,则先实例化依赖的bean,如果依赖的bean还依赖于其他的bean,则接着递归创建

5 如果创建的bean是单例(spring默认单例)接着创建

	/**
	 * Return an instance, which may be shared or independent, of the specified bean.
	 * @param name the name of the bean to retrieve
	 * @param requiredType the required type of the bean to retrieve
	 * @param args arguments to use when creating a bean instance using explicit arguments
	 * (only applied when creating a new instance as opposed to retrieving an existing one)
	 * @return an instance of the bean
	 * @throws BeansException if the bean could not be created
	 */
	public <T> T getBean(String name, Class<T> requiredType, Object... args) throws BeansException {
		return doGetBean(name, requiredType, args, false);
	}

调用了

	/**
	 * Return an instance, which may be shared or independent, of the specified bean.
	 * @param name the name of the bean to retrieve
	 * @param requiredType the required type of the bean to retrieve
	 * @param args arguments to use when creating a bean instance using explicit arguments
	 * (only applied when creating a new instance as opposed to retrieving an existing one)
	 * @param typeCheckOnly whether the instance is obtained for a type check,
	 * not for actual use
	 * @return an instance of the bean
	 * @throws BeansException if the bean could not be created
	 */
	@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
	protected <T> T doGetBean(
			final String name, final Class<T> requiredType, final Object[] args, boolean typeCheckOnly)
			throws BeansException {

		final String beanName = transformedBeanName(name);
		Object bean;

		// Eagerly check singleton cache for manually registered singletons.在已经实例化的bean的缓存中查找
		Object sharedInstance = getSingleton(beanName);
		if (sharedInstance != null && args == null) {
			if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
				if (isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
					logger.debug("Returning eagerly cached instance of singleton bean '" + beanName +
							"' that is not fully initialized yet - a consequence of a circular reference");
				}
				else {
					logger.debug("Returning cached instance of singleton bean '" + beanName + "'");
				}
			}
			bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(sharedInstance, name, beanName, null);
		}

		else {
			// Fail if we're already creating this bean instance:
			// We're assumably within a circular reference.可能是循环依赖了
			if (isPrototypeCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
				throw new BeanCurrentlyInCreationException(beanName);
			}

			// Check if bean definition exists in this factory.检查当前beanFactory是否有该实例
			BeanFactory parentBeanFactory = getParentBeanFactory();
			if (parentBeanFactory != null && !containsBeanDefinition(beanName)) {
				// Not found -> check parent.
				String nameToLookup = originalBeanName(name);
				if (args != null) {
					// Delegation to parent with explicit args.如果没有,去父beanFactory实例化
					return (T) parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup, args);
				}
				else {
					// No args -> delegate to standard getBean method.
					return parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup, requiredType);
				}
			}

			if (!typeCheckOnly) {
				markBeanAsCreated(beanName);
			}

			try {
				final RootBeanDefinition mbd = getMergedLocalBeanDefinition(beanName);
				checkMergedBeanDefinition(mbd, beanName, args);

				// Guarantee initialization of beans that the current bean depends on.
				//如果该类有依赖的bean,先实例化依赖的bean
				String[] dependsOn = mbd.getDependsOn();
				if (dependsOn != null) {
					for (String dep : dependsOn) {
						if (isDependent(beanName, dep)) {
							throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
									"Circular depends-on relationship between '" + beanName + "' and '" + dep + "'");
						}
						registerDependentBean(dep, beanName);
						getBean(dep);
					}
				}

				// Create bean instance.进行实例化
				if (mbd.isSingleton()) {
				//单例的bean在此处实例化
				//此处调用org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry#getSingleton(java.lang.String, org.springframework.beans.factory.ObjectFactory<?>)实例化
					sharedInstance = getSingleton(beanName, new ObjectFactory<Object>() {
						@Override
						public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
							try {
								return createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
							}
							catch (BeansException ex) {
								// Explicitly remove instance from singleton cache: It might have been put there
								// eagerly by the creation process, to allow for circular reference resolution.
								// Also remove any beans that received a temporary reference to the bean.
								destroySingleton(beanName);
								throw ex;
							}
						}
					});
					bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(sharedInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
				}

				else if (mbd.isPrototype()) {//prototype类型的bean在这里实例化
					// It's a prototype -> create a new instance.
					Object prototypeInstance = null;
					try {
						beforePrototypeCreation(beanName);
						prototypeInstance = createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
					}
					finally {
						afterPrototypeCreation(beanName);
					}
					bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(prototypeInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
				}

				else {
					String scopeName = mbd.getScope();
					final Scope scope = this.scopes.get(scopeName);
					if (scope == null) {
						throw new IllegalStateException("No Scope registered for scope name '" + scopeName + "'");
					}
					try {
						Object scopedInstance = scope.get(beanName, new ObjectFactory<Object>() {
							@Override
							public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
								beforePrototypeCreation(beanName);
								try {
									return createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
								}
								finally {
									afterPrototypeCreation(beanName);
								}
							}
						});
						bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(scopedInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
					}
					catch (IllegalStateException ex) {
						throw new BeanCreationException(beanName,
								"Scope '" + scopeName + "' is not active for the current thread; consider " +
								"defining a scoped proxy for this bean if you intend to refer to it from a singleton",
								ex);
					}
				}
			}
			catch (BeansException ex) {
				cleanupAfterBeanCreationFailure(beanName);
				throw ex;
			}
		}

		// Check if required type matches the type of the actual bean instance.
		if (requiredType != null && bean != null && !requiredType.isAssignableFrom(bean.getClass())) {
			try {
				return getTypeConverter().convertIfNecessary(bean, requiredType);
			}
			catch (TypeMismatchException ex) {
				if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
					logger.debug("Failed to convert bean '" + name + "' to required type '" +
							ClassUtils.getQualifiedName(requiredType) + "'", ex);
				}
				throw new BeanNotOfRequiredTypeException(name, requiredType, bean.getClass());
			}
		}
		return (T) bean;
	}

5、上面调用了org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry#getSingleton(java.lang.String, org.springframework.beans.factory.ObjectFactory<?>)对单例bean进行实例化,在该步由于bean已经在AbstractApplicationContext构造方法执行时调用refresh对非懒加载的bean已经实例化,因此这里直接从缓存singletonObjects中获取bean实例并返回。下面的第6、7步是bean未实例化时进行实例化的主要流程(refresh实例化bean时也是调用这个流程)。

源码如下:

/**
	 * Return the (raw) singleton object registered under the given name,
	 * creating and registering a new one if none registered yet.
	 * @param beanName the name of the bean
	 * @param singletonFactory the ObjectFactory to lazily create the singleton
	 * with, if necessary
	 * @return the registered singleton object
	 */
	public Object getSingleton(String beanName, ObjectFactory<?> singletonFactory) {
		Assert.notNull(beanName, "'beanName' must not be null");
		synchronized (this.singletonObjects) {
			Object singletonObject = this.singletonObjects.get(beanName);
			if (singletonObject == null) {
				if (this.singletonsCurrentlyInDestruction) {
					throw new BeanCreationNotAllowedException(beanName,
							"Singleton bean creation not allowed while singletons of this factory are in destruction " +
							"(Do not request a bean from a BeanFactory in a destroy method implementation!)");
				}
				if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
					logger.debug("Creating shared instance of singleton bean '" + beanName + "'");
				}
				beforeSingletonCreation(beanName);
				boolean newSingleton = false;
				boolean recordSuppressedExceptions = (this.suppressedExceptions == null);
				if (recordSuppressedExceptions) {
					this.suppressedExceptions = new LinkedHashSet<Exception>();
				}
				try {
				    //此处的singletonFactory是传入的new ObjectFactory<Object>()匿名类
					singletonObject = singletonFactory.getObject();
					newSingleton = true;
				}
				catch (IllegalStateException ex) {
					// Has the singleton object implicitly appeared in the meantime ->
					// if yes, proceed with it since the exception indicates that state.
					singletonObject = this.singletonObjects.get(beanName);
					if (singletonObject == null) {
						throw ex;
					}
				}
				catch (BeanCreationException ex) {
					if (recordSuppressedExceptions) {
						for (Exception suppressedException : this.suppressedExceptions) {
							ex.addRelatedCause(suppressedException);
						}
					}
					throw ex;
				}
				finally {
					if (recordSuppressedExceptions) {
						this.suppressedExceptions = null;
					}
					afterSingletonCreation(beanName);
				}
				if (newSingleton) {
                                        //如果是新的bean实例,添加到缓存singletonObjects中
					addSingleton(beanName, singletonObject);
				}
			}
			return (singletonObject != NULL_OBJECT ? singletonObject : null);
		}
	}

上面代码中的匿名类是在第4步中传入的,这里再次给出源码:

sharedInstance = getSingleton(beanName, new ObjectFactory<Object>() {
						@Override
						public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
							try {
								return createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
							}
							catch (BeansException ex) {
								// Explicitly remove instance from singleton cache: It might have been put there
								// eagerly by the creation process, to allow for circular reference resolution.
								// Also remove any beans that received a temporary reference to the bean.
								destroySingleton(beanName);
								throw ex;
							}
						}
					});

所以实例化调用的是上面的getObject()方法。

添加到缓存的源码如下。注意添加缓存后,在后续实例化bean前先在缓存中查找,如果存在直接返回实例化的bean。
org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory#doGetBean调用了org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry#getSingleton(java.lang.String, boolean)来获取缓存的bean实例。

org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry#addSingleton
	/**
	 * Add the given singleton object to the singleton cache of this factory.
	 * <p>To be called for eager registration of singletons.
	 * @param beanName the name of the bean
	 * @param singletonObject the singleton object
	 */
	protected void addSingleton(String beanName, Object singletonObject) {
		synchronized (this.singletonObjects) {
			this.singletonObjects.put(beanName, (singletonObject != null ? singletonObject : NULL_OBJECT));
			this.singletonFactories.remove(beanName);
			this.earlySingletonObjects.remove(beanName);
			this.registeredSingletons.add(beanName);
		}
	}

6、这里调用了org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory#createBean(java.lang.String, org.springframework.beans.factory.support.RootBeanDefinition, java.lang.Object[])方法实例化bean

注:要查找createBean方法需要在DefaultListableBeanFactory类中查找,注意参数个数

/**
	 * Central method of this class: creates a bean instance,
	 * populates the bean instance, applies post-processors, etc.
	 * @see #doCreateBean
	 */
	@Override
	protected Object createBean(String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd, Object[] args) throws BeanCreationException {
		if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
			logger.debug("Creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
		}
		RootBeanDefinition mbdToUse = mbd;

		// Make sure bean class is actually resolved at this point, and
		// clone the bean definition in case of a dynamically resolved Class
		// which cannot be stored in the shared merged bean definition.
		Class<?> resolvedClass = resolveBeanClass(mbd, beanName);
		if (resolvedClass != null && !mbd.hasBeanClass() && mbd.getBeanClassName() != null) {
			mbdToUse = new RootBeanDefinition(mbd);
			mbdToUse.setBeanClass(resolvedClass);
		}

		// Prepare method overrides.
		try {
			mbdToUse.prepareMethodOverrides();
		}
		catch (BeanDefinitionValidationException ex) {
			throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(mbdToUse.getResourceDescription(),
					beanName, "Validation of method overrides failed", ex);
		}

		try {
			// Give BeanPostProcessors a chance to return a proxy instead of the target bean instance.
                        //如果实现了
			Object bean = resolveBeforeInstantiation(beanName, mbdToUse);
			if (bean != null) {
				return bean;
			}
		}
		catch (Throwable ex) {
			throw new BeanCreationException(mbdToUse.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
					"BeanPostProcessor before instantiation of bean failed", ex);
		}
        //进行实例化
		Object beanInstance = doCreateBean(beanName, mbdToUse, args);
		if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
			logger.debug("Finished creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
		}
		return beanInstance;
	}

7、上面调用了org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory#doCreateBean实例化bean。根据注释,该方法是Actually create the specified bean

/**
	 * Actually create the specified bean. Pre-creation processing has already happened
	 * at this point, e.g. checking {@code postProcessBeforeInstantiation} callbacks.
	 * <p>Differentiates between default bean instantiation, use of a
	 * factory method, and autowiring a constructor.
	 * @param beanName the name of the bean
	 * @param mbd the merged bean definition for the bean
	 * @param args explicit arguments to use for constructor or factory method invocation
	 * @return a new instance of the bean
	 * @throws BeanCreationException if the bean could not be created
	 * @see #instantiateBean
	 * @see #instantiateUsingFactoryMethod
	 * @see #autowireConstructor
	 */
	protected Object doCreateBean(final String beanName, final RootBeanDefinition mbd, final Object[] args)
			throws BeanCreationException {

		// Instantiate the bean.
		BeanWrapper instanceWrapper = null;
		if (mbd.isSingleton()) {
	//1、使用合适的构造函数对bean进行实例化
	// Create a new instance for the specified bean, using an appropriate instantiation strategy:
	//factory method, constructor autowiring, or simple instantiation.
			instanceWrapper = this.factoryBeanInstanceCache.remove(beanName);
		}
		if (instanceWrapper == null) {
			instanceWrapper = createBeanInstance(beanName, mbd, args);
		}
		final Object bean = (instanceWrapper != null ? instanceWrapper.getWrappedInstance() : null);
		Class<?> beanType = (instanceWrapper != null ? instanceWrapper.getWrappedClass() : null);
		mbd.resolvedTargetType = beanType;

		// Allow post-processors to modify the merged bean definition.
		synchronized (mbd.postProcessingLock) {
			if (!mbd.postProcessed) {
				try {
					applyMergedBeanDefinitionPostProcessors(mbd, beanType, beanName);
				}
				catch (Throwable ex) {
					throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
							"Post-processing of merged bean definition failed", ex);
				}
				mbd.postProcessed = true;
			}
		}

		// Eagerly cache singletons to be able to resolve circular references
		// even when triggered by lifecycle interfaces like BeanFactoryAware.
		boolean earlySingletonExposure = (mbd.isSingleton() && this.allowCircularReferences &&
				isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName));
		if (earlySingletonExposure) {
			if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
				logger.debug("Eagerly caching bean '" + beanName +
						"' to allow for resolving potential circular references");
			}
			addSingletonFactory(beanName, new ObjectFactory<Object>() {
				@Override
				public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
					return getEarlyBeanReference(beanName, mbd, bean);
				}
			});
		}

		// Initialize the bean instance.
		Object exposedObject = bean;
		try {
		    //2、这里进行bean初始化,设置属性值
			populateBean(beanName, mbd, instanceWrapper);
			if (exposedObject != null) {
			    3、初始化
				exposedObject = initializeBean(beanName, exposedObject, mbd);
			}
		}
		catch (Throwable ex) {
			if (ex instanceof BeanCreationException && beanName.equals(((BeanCreationException) ex).getBeanName())) {
				throw (BeanCreationException) ex;
			}
			else {
				throw new BeanCreationException(
						mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Initialization of bean failed", ex);
			}
		}

		if (earlySingletonExposure) {
			Object earlySingletonReference = getSingleton(beanName, false);
			if (earlySingletonReference != null) {
				if (exposedObject == bean) {
					exposedObject = earlySingletonReference;
				}
				else if (!this.allowRawInjectionDespiteWrapping && hasDependentBean(beanName)) {
					String[] dependentBeans = getDependentBeans(beanName);
					Set<String> actualDependentBeans = new LinkedHashSet<String>(dependentBeans.length);
					for (String dependentBean : dependentBeans) {
						if (!removeSingletonIfCreatedForTypeCheckOnly(dependentBean)) {
							actualDependentBeans.add(dependentBean);
						}
					}
					if (!actualDependentBeans.isEmpty()) {
						throw new BeanCurrentlyInCreationException(beanName,
								"Bean with name '" + beanName + "' has been injected into other beans [" +
								StringUtils.collectionToCommaDelimitedString(actualDependentBeans) +
								"] in its raw version as part of a circular reference, but has eventually been " +
								"wrapped. This means that said other beans do not use the final version of the " +
								"bean. This is often the result of over-eager type matching - consider using " +
								"'getBeanNamesOfType' with the 'allowEagerInit' flag turned off, for example.");
					}
				}
			}
		}

		// Register bean as disposable.
		try {
			registerDisposableBeanIfNecessary(beanName, bean, mbd);
		}
		catch (BeanDefinitionValidationException ex) {
			throw new BeanCreationException(
					mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Invalid destruction signature", ex);
		}

		return exposedObject;
	}

三个关键方法源码
使用构造器初始化bean

org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory#createBeanInstance
/**
	 * Create a new instance for the specified bean, using an appropriate instantiation strategy:
	 * factory method, constructor autowiring, or simple instantiation.
	 * @param beanName the name of the bean
	 * @param mbd the bean definition for the bean
	 * @param args explicit arguments to use for constructor or factory method invocation
	 * @return BeanWrapper for the new instance
	 * @see #instantiateUsingFactoryMethod
	 * @see #autowireConstructor
	 * @see #instantiateBean
	 */
	protected BeanWrapper createBeanInstance(String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd, Object[] args) {
		// Make sure bean class is actually resolved at this point.
		Class<?> beanClass = resolveBeanClass(mbd, beanName);

		if (beanClass != null && !Modifier.isPublic(beanClass.getModifiers()) && !mbd.isNonPublicAccessAllowed()) {
			throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
					"Bean class isn't public, and non-public access not allowed: " + beanClass.getName());
		}

		if (mbd.getFactoryMethodName() != null)  {
			return instantiateUsingFactoryMethod(beanName, mbd, args);
		}

		// Shortcut when re-creating the same bean...
		boolean resolved = false;
		boolean autowireNecessary = false;
		if (args == null) {
			synchronized (mbd.constructorArgumentLock) {
				if (mbd.resolvedConstructorOrFactoryMethod != null) {
					resolved = true;
					autowireNecessary = mbd.constructorArgumentsResolved;
				}
			}
		}
		if (resolved) {
			if (autowireNecessary) {
				return autowireConstructor(beanName, mbd, null, null);
			}
			else {
				return instantiateBean(beanName, mbd);
			}
		}

		// Need to determine the constructor...
		Constructor<?>[] ctors = determineConstructorsFromBeanPostProcessors(beanClass, beanName);
		if (ctors != null ||
				mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_CONSTRUCTOR ||
				mbd.hasConstructorArgumentValues() || !ObjectUtils.isEmpty(args))  {
			return autowireConstructor(beanName, mbd, ctors, args);
		}

		// No special handling: simply use no-arg constructor.
		return instantiateBean(beanName, mbd);
	}

设置bean属性
org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory#populateBean

/**
	 * Populate the bean instance in the given BeanWrapper with the property values
	 * from the bean definition.
	 * @param beanName the name of the bean
	 * @param mbd the bean definition for the bean
	 * @param bw BeanWrapper with bean instance
	 */
	protected void populateBean(String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd, BeanWrapper bw) {
		PropertyValues pvs = mbd.getPropertyValues();

		if (bw == null) {
			if (!pvs.isEmpty()) {
				throw new BeanCreationException(
						mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Cannot apply property values to null instance");
			}
			else {
				// Skip property population phase for null instance.
				return;
			}
		}

		// Give any InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessors the opportunity to modify the
		// state of the bean before properties are set. This can be used, for example,
		// to support styles of field injection.
		boolean continueWithPropertyPopulation = true;

		if (!mbd.isSynthetic() && hasInstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessors()) {
			for (BeanPostProcessor bp : getBeanPostProcessors()) {
				if (bp instanceof InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor) {
					InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor ibp = (InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor) bp;
					if (!ibp.postProcessAfterInstantiation(bw.getWrappedInstance(), beanName)) {
						continueWithPropertyPopulation = false;
						break;
					}
				}
			}
		}

		if (!continueWithPropertyPopulation) {
			return;
		}

		if (mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_BY_NAME ||
				mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_BY_TYPE) {
			MutablePropertyValues newPvs = new MutablePropertyValues(pvs);

			// Add property values based on autowire by name if applicable.
			if (mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_BY_NAME) {
				autowireByName(beanName, mbd, bw, newPvs);
			}

			// Add property values based on autowire by type if applicable.
			if (mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_BY_TYPE) {
				autowireByType(beanName, mbd, bw, newPvs);
			}

			pvs = newPvs;
		}

		boolean hasInstAwareBpps = hasInstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessors();
		boolean needsDepCheck = (mbd.getDependencyCheck() != RootBeanDefinition.DEPENDENCY_CHECK_NONE);

		if (hasInstAwareBpps || needsDepCheck) {
			PropertyDescriptor[] filteredPds = filterPropertyDescriptorsForDependencyCheck(bw, mbd.allowCaching);
			if (hasInstAwareBpps) {
				for (BeanPostProcessor bp : getBeanPostProcessors()) {
					if (bp instanceof InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor) {
						InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor ibp = (InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor) bp;
						pvs = ibp.postProcessPropertyValues(pvs, filteredPds, bw.getWrappedInstance(), beanName);
						if (pvs == null) {
							return;
						}
					}
				}
			}
			if (needsDepCheck) {
				checkDependencies(beanName, mbd, filteredPds, pvs);
			}
		}

		applyPropertyValues(beanName, mbd, bw, pvs);
	}

可以参考:Spring中获取一个bean的流程-2

这里会在bean实例化时调用实现BeanPostProcessor的方法对bean进行处理。

org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory#initializeBean(java.lang.String, java.lang.Object, org.springframework.beans.factory.support.RootBeanDefinition)
/**
	 * Initialize the given bean instance, applying factory callbacks
	 * as well as init methods and bean post processors.
	 * <p>Called from {@link #createBean} for traditionally defined beans,
	 * and from {@link #initializeBean} for existing bean instances.
	 * @param beanName the bean name in the factory (for debugging purposes)
	 * @param bean the new bean instance we may need to initialize
	 * @param mbd the bean definition that the bean was created with
	 * (can also be {@code null}, if given an existing bean instance)
	 * @return the initialized bean instance (potentially wrapped)
	 * @see BeanNameAware
	 * @see BeanClassLoaderAware
	 * @see BeanFactoryAware
	 * @see #applyBeanPostProcessorsBeforeInitialization
	 * @see #invokeInitMethods
	 * @see #applyBeanPostProcessorsAfterInitialization
	 */
	protected Object initializeBean(final String beanName, final Object bean, RootBeanDefinition mbd) {
		if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
			AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedAction<Object>() {
				@Override
				public Object run() {
					invokeAwareMethods(beanName, bean);
					return null;
				}
			}, getAccessControlContext());
		}
		else {
			invokeAwareMethods(beanName, bean);
		}

		Object wrappedBean = bean;
		if (mbd == null || !mbd.isSynthetic()) {
			wrappedBean = applyBeanPostProcessorsBeforeInitialization(wrappedBean, beanName);
		}

		try {
			invokeInitMethods(beanName, wrappedBean, mbd);
		}
		catch (Throwable ex) {
			throw new BeanCreationException(
					(mbd != null ? mbd.getResourceDescription() : null),
					beanName, "Invocation of init method failed", ex);
		}

		if (mbd == null || !mbd.isSynthetic()) {
			wrappedBean = applyBeanPostProcessorsAfterInitialization(wrappedBean, beanName);
		}
		return wrappedBean;
	}
	//初始化
	/**
	 * Give a bean a chance to react now all its properties are set,
	 * and a chance to know about its owning bean factory (this object).
	 * This means checking whether the bean implements InitializingBean or defines
	 * a custom init method, and invoking the necessary callback(s) if it does.
	 * @param beanName the bean name in the factory (for debugging purposes)
	 * @param bean the new bean instance we may need to initialize
	 * @param mbd the merged bean definition that the bean was created with
	 * (can also be {@code null}, if given an existing bean instance)
	 * @throws Throwable if thrown by init methods or by the invocation process
	 * @see #invokeCustomInitMethod
	 */
	protected void invokeInitMethods(String beanName, final Object bean, RootBeanDefinition mbd)
			throws Throwable {

		boolean isInitializingBean = (bean instanceof InitializingBean);
		if (isInitializingBean && (mbd == null || !mbd.isExternallyManagedInitMethod("afterPropertiesSet"))) {
			if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
				logger.debug("Invoking afterPropertiesSet() on bean with name '" + beanName + "'");
			}
			if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
				try {
					AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedExceptionAction<Object>() {
						@Override
						public Object run() throws Exception {
							((InitializingBean) bean).afterPropertiesSet();
							return null;
						}
					}, getAccessControlContext());
				}
				catch (PrivilegedActionException pae) {
					throw pae.getException();
				}
			}
			else {
			//InitializingBean接口方法调用
				((InitializingBean) bean).afterPropertiesSet();
			}
		}

		if (mbd != null) {
			String initMethodName = mbd.getInitMethodName();
			if (initMethodName != null && !(isInitializingBean && "afterPropertiesSet".equals(initMethodName)) &&
					!mbd.isExternallyManagedInitMethod(initMethodName)) {
				invokeCustomInitMethod(beanName, bean, mbd);
			}
		}
	}

Spring初始化类实例

最后给出debug出来的Spring初始化bean的流程。

ServiceAuthToFujitsuClient.afterPropertiesSet() line: 109
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).invokeInitMethods(String, Object, RootBeanDefinition) line: 1367
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).initializeBean(String, Object, RootBeanDefinition) line: 1333
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).doCreateBean(String, RootBeanDefinition, Object[]) line: 471
AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory$1.run() line: 409
AccessController.doPrivileged(PrivilegedAction<T>, AccessControlContext) line: not available [native method]
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).createBean(String, RootBeanDefinition, Object[]) line: 380
AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject() line: 264
DefaultListableBeanFactory(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry).getSingleton(String, ObjectFactory) line: 220
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractBeanFactory).doGetBean(String, Class, Object[], boolean) line: 261	-->此处实例化authorization的ref Client
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractBeanFactory).getBean(String, Class, Object[]) line: 185
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractBeanFactory).getBean(String) line: 164
BeanDefinitionValueResolver.resolveReference(Object, RuntimeBeanReference) line: 269
BeanDefinitionValueResolver.resolveValueIfNecessary(Object, Object) line: 104
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).applyPropertyValues(String, BeanDefinition, BeanWrapper, PropertyValues) line: 1244
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).populateBean(String, AbstractBeanDefinition, BeanWrapper) line: 1008
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).doCreateBean(String, RootBeanDefinition, Object[]) line: 470
AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory$1.run() line: 409
AccessController.doPrivileged(PrivilegedAction<T>, AccessControlContext) line: not available [native method]
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).createBean(String, RootBeanDefinition, Object[]) line: 380
AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject() line: 264
DefaultListableBeanFactory(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry).getSingleton(String, ObjectFactory) line: 220
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractBeanFactory).doGetBean(String, Class, Object[], boolean) line: 261	--->此处实例化ServiceTarget的属性authorization
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractBeanFactory).getBean(String, Class, Object[]) line: 185
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractBeanFactory).getBean(String) line: 164
BeanDefinitionValueResolver.resolveReference(Object, RuntimeBeanReference) line: 269
BeanDefinitionValueResolver.resolveValueIfNecessary(Object, Object) line: 104
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).applyPropertyValues(String, BeanDefinition, BeanWrapper, PropertyValues) line: 1244
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).populateBean(String, AbstractBeanDefinition, BeanWrapper) line: 1008
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).doCreateBean(String, RootBeanDefinition, Object[]) line: 470
AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory$1.run() line: 409
AccessController.doPrivileged(PrivilegedAction<T>, AccessControlContext) line: not available [native method]
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).createBean(String, RootBeanDefinition, Object[]) line: 380
AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject() line: 264
DefaultListableBeanFactory(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry).getSingleton(String, ObjectFactory) line: 220
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractBeanFactory).doGetBean(String, Class, Object[], boolean) line: 261	--->此处实例化acsService的属性acsServiceTarget
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractBeanFactory).getBean(String, Class, Object[]) line: 185
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractBeanFactory).getBean(String) line: 164
BeanDefinitionValueResolver.resolveReference(Object, RuntimeBeanReference) line: 269
BeanDefinitionValueResolver.resolveValueIfNecessary(Object, Object) line: 104
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).applyPropertyValues(String, BeanDefinition, BeanWrapper, PropertyValues) line: 1244
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).populateBean(String, AbstractBeanDefinition, BeanWrapper) line: 1008
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).doCreateBean(String, RootBeanDefinition, Object[]) line: 470
AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory$1.run() line: 409
AccessController.doPrivileged(PrivilegedAction<T>, AccessControlContext) line: not available [native method]
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).createBean(String, RootBeanDefinition, Object[]) line: 380
AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject() line: 264
DefaultListableBeanFactory(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry).getSingleton(String, ObjectFactory) line: 220
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractBeanFactory).doGetBean(String, Class, Object[], boolean) line: 261	 --->此处实例化acsService
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractBeanFactory).getTypeForFactoryBean(String, RootBeanDefinition) line: 1198	调用了doGetBean
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).getTypeForFactoryBean(String, RootBeanDefinition) line: 625
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractBeanFactory).isTypeMatch(String, Class) line: 450 --->此处如果是factorybean类型的,会对其进行实例化
mdb变量实时值:
Root bean: class [org.springframework.aop.framework.ProxyFactoryBean]; scope=singleton; abstract=false; lazyInit=false; autowireMode=0; dependencyCheck=0; autowireCandidate=true; primary=false; factoryBeanName=null; factoryMethodName=null; initMethodName=null; destroyMethodName=null; defined in class path resource [acs-basic.xml]
beanName为acsService

// Check bean class whether we're dealing with a FactoryBean.
if (FactoryBean.class.isAssignableFrom(beanClass)) {
if (!BeanFactoryUtils.isFactoryDereference(name)) {
// If it's a FactoryBean, we want to look at what it creates, not the factory class.
Class type = getTypeForFactoryBean(beanName, mbd);
return (type != null && typeToMatch.isAssignableFrom(type));
}
else {
return typeToMatch.isAssignableFrom(beanClass);
}
}

DefaultListableBeanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(Class, boolean, boolean) line: 223	此处会校验所有bean(包括FactoryBean)
DefaultListableBeanFactory.getBeansOfType(Class, boolean, boolean) line: 303
DefaultListableBeanFactory.getBeansOfType(Class) line: 297
ConverterFacade.afterPropertiesSet() line: 85
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).invokeInitMethods(String, Object, RootBeanDefinition) line: 1367
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).initializeBean(String, Object, RootBeanDefinition) line: 1333
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).doCreateBean(String, RootBeanDefinition, Object[]) line: 471
AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory$1.run() line: 409
AccessController.doPrivileged(PrivilegedAction<T>, AccessControlContext) line: not available [native method]
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory).createBean(String, RootBeanDefinition, Object[]) line: 380
AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject() line: 264
DefaultListableBeanFactory(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry).getSingleton(String, ObjectFactory) line: 220
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractBeanFactory).doGetBean(String, Class, Object[], boolean) line: 261
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractBeanFactory).getBean(String, Class, Object[]) line: 185
DefaultListableBeanFactory(AbstractBeanFactory).getBean(String) line: 164
DMCXmlWebApplicationContext(AbstractApplicationContext).getBean(String) line: 881
DMCXmlWebApplicationContext(AbstractApplicationContext).invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory) line: 534	--->实例化所有实现BeanFactoryPostProcessor的类,此处包括以下类,此时遍历到ConverterFacade#0
--->[com.huawei.xtvmw.commons.config.ConfigAssembler, org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer, com.huawei.xtvmw.commons.rmi.interceptor.RemoteInvocationClassFactory#0, com.huawei.xtvmw.commons.rmi.ServiceInterceptorFactory#0, com.huawei.xtvmw.repository.spi.ConverterFacade#0, adjustSpider, org.springframework.beans.factory.config.CustomEditorConfigurer#0]

DMCXmlWebApplicationContext(AbstractApplicationContext).refresh() line: 363
ContextLoader.createWebApplicationContext(ServletContext, ApplicationContext) line: 255
ContextLoader.initWebApplicationContext(ServletContext) line: 199
DMCContextLoaderServlet(ContextLoaderServlet).init() line: 81
DMCContextLoaderServlet.init() line: 48
DMCContextLoaderServlet(GenericServlet).init(ServletConfig) line: 160
StandardWrapper.initServlet(Servlet) line: 1280
StandardWrapper.loadServlet() line: 1193
StandardWrapper.load() line: 1088
StandardContext.loadOnStartup(Container[]) line: 5033
StandardContext.startInternal() line: 5317
StandardContext(LifecycleBase).start() line: 150
ContainerBase$StartChild.call() line: 1517
ContainerBase$StartChild.call() line: 1508
FutureTask$Sync.innerRun() line: 303
FutureTask<V>.run() line: 138
ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.runTask(Runnable) line: 886
ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run() line: 908
Thread.run() line: 662

总结

上面对Spring实例化bean的流程做了简单分析,有几个地方需要注意:
1、使用ClassPathXmlApplicationContext时,会调用refresh方法对所有非懒加载的bean实例化(默认),此后再调用getBean方法会直接从缓存获取
2、如果设置bean为懒加载,则bean在调用getBean等方法时才会实例化
3、BeanFactoryPostProcessor的实例化的优先级最高
4、beanPostProcessor是可以临时修改bean的,它的优先级高于正常实例化bean的,如果beanPostProcessor能返回,则直接返回了
5、由2、3两点可以知道bean的实例化是有优先级的

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posted @ 2018-07-05 02:19  风动静泉  阅读(3402)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报