ASP.NET WebAPI 测试文档 (Swagger)

ASP.NET WebAPI使用Swagger生成测试文档

SwaggerUI是一个简单的Restful API测试和文档工具。简单、漂亮、易用(官方demo)。通过读取JSON配置显示API .项目本身仅仅也只依赖一些html,css,js静态文件.你可以几乎放在任何Web容器上使用

捣鼓了好久最终效果如下

1、API控制器和action描述

2、测试接口

使用swagger

1.创建webapi项目解决方案

2.引用swagger nuget包

swashbuckle和swagger.NET

删除多余的SwaggerUI文件夹和配置类SwaggerNet

3、添加接口注释

接下来可以访问http://xxxx/swagger 这样并看不到注释

项目属性->勾选生成xml文档文件

修改SwaggerConfig文件

c.IncludeXmlComments(string.Format(@"{0}\App_Data\Api.xml",AppDomain.CurrentDomain.BaseDirectory));

汉化

1.SwaggerConfig

js文件需要嵌入到dll

/// <summary>
/// 中文转换
/// </summary>
var SwaggerTranslator = (function () {
//定时执行检测是否转换成中文,最多执行500次 即500*50/1000=25s
var iexcute = 0,
//中文语言包
_words = {
"Warning: Deprecated": "警告:已过时",
"Implementation Notes": "实现备注",
"Response Class": "响应类",
"Status": "状态",
"Parameters": "参数",
"Parameter": "参数",
"Value": "值",
"Description": "描述",
"Parameter Type": "参数类型",
"Data Type": "数据类型",
"Response Messages": "响应消息",
"HTTP Status Code": "HTTP状态码",
"Reason": "原因",
"Response Model": "响应模型",
"Request URL": "请求URL",
"Response Body": "响应体",
"Response Code": "响应码",
"Response Headers": "响应头",
"Hide Response": "隐藏响应",
"Headers": "头",
"Try it out!": "试一下!",
"Show/Hide": "显示/隐藏",
"List Operations": "显示操作",
"Expand Operations": "展开操作",
"Raw": "原始",
"can't parse JSON. Raw result": "无法解析JSON. 原始结果",
"Model Schema": "模型架构",
"Model": "模型",
"apply": "应用",
"Username": "用户名",
"Password": "密码",
"Terms of service": "服务条款",
"Created by": "创建者",
"See more at": "查看更多:",
"Contact the developer": "联系开发者",
"api version": "api版本",
"Response Content Type": "响应Content Type",
"fetching resource": "正在获取资源",
"fetching resource list": "正在获取资源列表",
"Explore": "浏览",
"Show Swagger Petstore Example Apis": "显示 Swagger Petstore 示例 Apis",
"Can't read from server. It may not have the appropriate access-control-origin settings.": "无法从服务器读取。可能没有正确设置access-control-origin。",
"Please specify the protocol for": "请指定协议:",
"Can't read swagger JSON from": "无法读取swagger JSON于",
"Finished Loading Resource Information. Rendering Swagger UI": "已加载资源信息。正在渲染Swagger UI",
"Unable to read api": "无法读取api",
"from path": "从路径",
"Click to set as parameter value": "点击设置参数",
"server returned": "服务器返回"
},

//定时执行转换
_translator2Cn = function () {
if ($("#resources_container .resource").length > 0) {
_tryTranslate();
}

if ($("#explore").text() == "Explore" && iexcute < 500) {
iexcute++;
setTimeout(_translator2Cn, 50);
}
},

//设置控制器注释
_setControllerSummary = function () {
$.ajax({
type: "get",
async: true,
url: $("#input_baseUrl").val(),
dataType: "json",
success: function (data) {
var summaryDict = data.ControllerDesc;
var id, controllerName, strSummary;
$("#resources_container .resource").each(function (i, item) {
id = $(item).attr("id");
if (id) {
controllerName = id.substring(9);
strSummary = summaryDict[controllerName];
if (strSummary) {
$(item).children(".heading").children(".options").prepend('<li class="controller-summary" title="' + strSummary + '">' + strSummary + '</li>');
}
}
});
}
});
},

//尝试将英文转换成中文
_tryTranslate = function () {
$('[data-sw-translate]').each(function () {
$(this).html(_getLangDesc($(this).html()));
$(this).val(_getLangDesc($(this).val()));
$(this).attr('title', _getLangDesc($(this).attr('title')));
});
},
_getLangDesc = function (word) {
return _words[$.trim(word)] !== undefined ? _words[$.trim(word)] : word;
};

return {
Translator: function () {
document.title = "API描述文档";
$('body').append('<style type="text/css">.controller-summary{color:#10a54a !important;word-break:keep-all;white-space:nowrap;overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis;max-width:250px;text-align:right;cursor:default;} </style>');
$("#logo").html("接口描述").attr("href", "/Home/Index");
//设置控制器描述
_setControllerSummary();
_translator2Cn();
}
}
})();
//执行转换
SwaggerTranslator.Translator();

 

2.控制器描述和接口文档缓存

public class CachingSwaggerProvider : ISwaggerProvider
{
private static ConcurrentDictionary<string, SwaggerDocument> _cache =
new ConcurrentDictionary<string, SwaggerDocument>();

private readonly ISwaggerProvider _swaggerProvider;

public CachingSwaggerProvider(ISwaggerProvider swaggerProvider)
{
_swaggerProvider = swaggerProvider;
}

public SwaggerDocument GetSwagger(string rootUrl, string apiVersion)
{
var cacheKey = string.Format("{0}_{1}", rootUrl, apiVersion);
SwaggerDocument srcDoc = null;
//只读取一次
if (!_cache.TryGetValue(cacheKey, out srcDoc))
{
srcDoc = _swaggerProvider.GetSwagger(rootUrl, apiVersion);

srcDoc.vendorExtensions = new Dictionary<string, object> { { "ControllerDesc", GetControllerDesc() } };
_cache.TryAdd(cacheKey, srcDoc);
}
return srcDoc;
}

/// <summary>
/// 从API文档中读取控制器描述
/// </summary>
/// <returns>所有控制器描述</returns>
public static ConcurrentDictionary<string, string> GetControllerDesc()
{
string xmlpath = string.Format(@"{0}\App_Data\Api.xml", System.AppDomain.CurrentDomain.BaseDirectory);
ConcurrentDictionary<string, string> controllerDescDict = new ConcurrentDictionary<string, string>();
if (File.Exists(xmlpath))
{
XmlDocument xmldoc = new XmlDocument();
xmldoc.Load(xmlpath);
string type = string.Empty, path = string.Empty, controllerName = string.Empty;

string[] arrPath;
int length = -1, cCount = "Controller".Length;
XmlNode summaryNode = null;
foreach (XmlNode node in xmldoc.SelectNodes("//member"))
{
type = node.Attributes["name"].Value;
if (type.StartsWith("T:"))
{
//控制器
arrPath = type.Split('.');
length = arrPath.Length;
controllerName = arrPath[length - 1];
if (controllerName.EndsWith("Controller"))
{
//获取控制器注释
summaryNode = node.SelectSingleNode("summary");
string key = controllerName.Remove(controllerName.Length - cCount, cCount);
if (summaryNode != null && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(summaryNode.InnerText) && !controllerDescDict.ContainsKey(key))
{
controllerDescDict.TryAdd(key, summaryNode.InnerText.Trim());
}
}
}
}
}
return controllerDescDict;
}
}

有什么问题大家可以在下面评论,本人技术不怎么到位,写的不好希望大家见谅。

posted @ 2017-12-25 10:01  HueiFeng  阅读(594)  评论(1编辑  收藏  举报