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Spring介绍

Spring(http://spring.io/)是一个轻量级的Java 开发框架,同时也是轻量级的IoC和AOP的容器框架,主要是针对JavaBean的生命周期进行管理的轻量级容器,可以单独使用,也可以和Struts框架,MyBatis框架等组合使用。

 

IoC介绍

IoC是什么

Ioc—Inversion of Control,即“控制反转”,不是什么技术,而是一种设计思想。在Java开发中,Ioc意味着将你设计好的对象交给容器控制,而不是传统的在你的对象内部直接控制。如何理解好Ioc呢?理解好Ioc的关键是要明确“谁控制谁,控制什么,为何是反转(有反转就应该有正转了),哪些方面反转了”,那我们来深入分析一下:

  ●谁控制谁,控制什么:传统Java SE程序设计,我们直接在对象内部通过new进行创建对象,是程序主动去创建依赖对象;而IoC是有专门一个容器来创建这些对象,即由Ioc容器来控制对 象的创建;谁控制谁?当然是IoC 容器控制了对象;控制什么?那就是主要控制了外部资源获取(不只是对象包括比如文件等)。

  ●为何是反转,哪些方面反转了:有反转就有正转,传统应用程序是由我们自己在对象中主动控制去直接获取依赖对象,也就是正转;而反转则是由容器来帮忙创建及注入依赖对象;为何是反转?因为由容器帮我们查找及注入依赖对象,对象只是被动的接受依赖对象,所以是反转;哪些方面反转了?依赖对象的获取被反转了。

 

IoC能做什么

IoC 不是一种技术,只是一种思想,一个重要的面向对象编程的法则,它能指导我们如何设计出松耦合、更优良的程序。传统应用程序都是由我们在类内部主动创建依赖对象,从而导致类与类之间高耦合,难于测试;有了IoC容器后,把创建和查找依赖对象的控制权交给了容器,由容器进行注入组合对象,所以对象与对象之间是 松散耦合,这样也方便测试,利于功能复用,更重要的是使得程序的整个体系结构变得非常灵活。

其实IoC对编程带来的最大改变不是从代码上,而是从思想上,发生了“主从换位”的变化。应用程序原本是老大,要获取什么资源都是主动出击,但是在IoC/DI思想中,应用程序就变成被动的了,被动的等待IoC容器来创建并注入它所需要的资源了。

IoC很好的体现了面向对象设计法则之一—— 好莱坞法则:“别找我们,我们找你”;即由IoC容器帮对象找相应的依赖对象并注入,而不是由对象主动去找。

那么,IoC容器到底是如何从初始化完成的BeanFactory中对Bean进行创建并初始化的呢?接下来我们就一探究竟。

 

源码解析

准备工作

首先写一个Spring的配置文件spring.xml,为了方便测试,这里面就只有一个名为test的bean。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">

    <bean id="test" class="org.study.spring.ioc.Test"></bean>
</beans>

 

编写程序入口代码,可以直接打断点进行调试。

ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("spring.xml");
Test bean = context.getBean("test", Test.class);
View Code

 

 

开始解析

开始源码解析,紧接着上一节,首先进入AbstractApplicationContext.java的refresh方法,这一节我们重点来看里面的invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors方法。

@Override
    public void refresh() throws BeansException, IllegalStateException {
        synchronized (this.startupShutdownMonitor) {
            // 在这种情况下刷新
            prepareRefresh();

            // 告诉子类刷新内部bean工厂
            ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = obtainFreshBeanFactory();

            // 在这种情况下,bean工厂准备使用的.
            prepareBeanFactory(beanFactory);

            try {
                // 允许在上下文bean的后处理工厂子类。
                postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);

                //在上下文中调用factory工厂的时候注册bean的 实例对象
                invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory);

                // 注册bean的过程当中拦截所以bean的创建
                registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory);

                // 初始化上下文消息资源
                initMessageSource();

                //初始化事物传播属性
                initApplicationEventMulticaster();

                // 在特定上下文初始化其他特殊bean子类。
                onRefresh();

                // 检查侦听器bean并注册。
                registerListeners();

                // 实例化所有剩余(non-lazy-init)单例.
                finishBeanFactoryInitialization(beanFactory);

                // 最后一步:发布对应的事件。
                finishRefresh();
            }

            catch (BeansException ex) {
                if (logger.isWarnEnabled()) {
                    logger.warn("Exception encountered during context initialization - " +
                            "cancelling refresh attempt: " + ex);
                }

                // 销毁已经创建的单例对象避免浪费资源
                destroyBeans();

                // 重置“活跃”的旗帜。
                cancelRefresh(ex);

                // 异常传播到调用者。
                throw ex;
            }

            finally {
                // 在spring 核心包里重置了内存,因为我们肯不需要元数据单例bean对象了
                resetCommonCaches();
            }
        }
    }
View Code

 

进入invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors方法

/**
     * Instantiate and invoke all registered BeanFactoryPostProcessor beans,
     * respecting explicit order if given.
     * <p>Must be called before singleton instantiation.
     */
    protected void invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
        PostProcessorRegistrationDelegate.invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory, getBeanFactoryPostProcessors());

        // Detect a LoadTimeWeaver and prepare for weaving, if found in the meantime
        // (e.g. through an @Bean method registered by ConfigurationClassPostProcessor)
        if (beanFactory.getTempClassLoader() == null && beanFactory.containsBean(LOAD_TIME_WEAVER_BEAN_NAME)) {
            beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new LoadTimeWeaverAwareProcessor(beanFactory));
            beanFactory.setTempClassLoader(new ContextTypeMatchClassLoader(beanFactory.getBeanClassLoader()));
        }
    }

 

打开PostProcessorRegistrationDelegate类中的invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors方法,可以看到,这个方法里有很多内容,这里我们只分析最关键的部分。从本质上来说,该方法就是去执行BeanFactoryPostProcessor这个接口中的方法去的,上面代码注释也清楚的写到如果想先执行BeanFactoryPostProcessor这个接口的方法,必须先去实例化实现这个接口的Bean,也就是getBean这个方法。

public static void invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(
            ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory, List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> beanFactoryPostProcessors) {

        // Invoke BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors first, if any.
        Set<String> processedBeans = new HashSet<>();

        if (beanFactory instanceof BeanDefinitionRegistry) {
            BeanDefinitionRegistry registry = (BeanDefinitionRegistry) beanFactory;
            List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> regularPostProcessors = new LinkedList<>();
            List<BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor> registryPostProcessors =
                    new LinkedList<>();

            for (BeanFactoryPostProcessor postProcessor : beanFactoryPostProcessors) {
                if (postProcessor instanceof BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor) {
                    BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor registryPostProcessor =
                            (BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor) postProcessor;
                    registryPostProcessor.postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry(registry);
                    registryPostProcessors.add(registryPostProcessor);
                }
                else {
                    regularPostProcessors.add(postProcessor);
                }
            }

            // 不初始化factoryBeans:我们需要把所以没有初始化的bean让bean工厂处理他们,单例BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors之间实现PriorityOrdered接口、序列化接口

            String[] postProcessorNames =
                    beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class, true, false);

            //首先,调用 BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors 并且实现 PriorityOrdered接口
            List<BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor> priorityOrderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<>();
            for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
                if (beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, PriorityOrdered.class)) {
                    priorityOrderedPostProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class));
                    processedBeans.add(ppName);
                }
            }
            sortPostProcessors(beanFactory, priorityOrderedPostProcessors);
            registryPostProcessors.addAll(priorityOrderedPostProcessors);
            invokeBeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors(priorityOrderedPostProcessors, registry);

            //然后, 调用 BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors 并且实现序列化接口 
            postProcessorNames = beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class, true, false);
            List<BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor> orderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<>();
            for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
                if (!processedBeans.contains(ppName) && beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, Ordered.class)) {
                    orderedPostProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class));
                    processedBeans.add(ppName);
                }
            }
            sortPostProcessors(beanFactory, orderedPostProcessors);
            registryPostProcessors.addAll(orderedPostProcessors);
            invokeBeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors(orderedPostProcessors, registry);

            // 最后,调用其他BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessors,直到没有进一步的出现。
            boolean reiterate = true;
            while (reiterate) {
                reiterate = false;
                postProcessorNames = beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class, true, false);
                for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
                    if (!processedBeans.contains(ppName)) {
                        BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor pp = beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor.class);
                        registryPostProcessors.add(pp);
                        processedBeans.add(ppName);
                        pp.postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry(registry);
                        reiterate = true;
                    }
                }
            }

            // 现在,调用的postProcessBeanFactory回调处理器处理
            invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(registryPostProcessors, beanFactory);
            invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(regularPostProcessors, beanFactory);
        }

        else {
            // 调用该工厂的时候 注册文本的实例对象
            invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactoryPostProcessors, beanFactory);
        }

        //不在这里初始化FactoryBeans,我们需要把所有
未初始化的bean让工厂后面处理他们
        String[] postProcessorNames =
                beanFactory.getBeanNamesForType(BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class, true, false);

        // 单独beanfactorypostprocessor之间实现PriorityOrdered 接口,下令,休息。
        List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> priorityOrderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<>();
        List<String> orderedPostProcessorNames = new ArrayList<>();
        List<String> nonOrderedPostProcessorNames = new ArrayList<>();
        for (String ppName : postProcessorNames) {
            if (processedBeans.contains(ppName)) {
                // 跳过已经处理完的第一阶段
            }
            else if (beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, PriorityOrdered.class)) {
                priorityOrderedPostProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(ppName, BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class));
            }
            else if (beanFactory.isTypeMatch(ppName, Ordered.class)) {
                orderedPostProcessorNames.add(ppName);
            }
            else {
                nonOrderedPostProcessorNames.add(ppName);
            }
        }

        // 首先, 调用这个 BeanFactoryPostProcessors 并且实现PriorityOrdered 接口
        sortPostProcessors(beanFactory, priorityOrderedPostProcessors);
        invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(priorityOrderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);

        // 然后,调用 BeanFactoryPostProcessors 并且实现 序列化 接口
        List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> orderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<>();
        for (String postProcessorName : orderedPostProcessorNames) {
            orderedPostProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(postProcessorName, BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class));
        }
        sortPostProcessors(beanFactory, orderedPostProcessors);
        invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(orderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);

        // 最后, 调用其他所有的 BeanFactoryPostProcessors.
        List<BeanFactoryPostProcessor> nonOrderedPostProcessors = new ArrayList<>();
        for (String postProcessorName : nonOrderedPostProcessorNames) {
            nonOrderedPostProcessors.add(beanFactory.getBean(postProcessorName, BeanFactoryPostProcessor.class));
        }
        invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(nonOrderedPostProcessors, beanFactory);

        // 清除缓存合并bean定义自后处理器可能会有修改原来的元数据,例如:替换占位符值. ..
        beanFactory.clearMetadataCache();
    }
View Code

 

接下来进入AbstractBeanFactory.java类中的doGetBean方法,这个方法的具体实现可以分为三个部分:

第一部分,首先先去singleton缓存中去找实例。由于我们例子中没有把我们的bean手动放入singletonObjects这个Map里面去,所以这里肯定没找到。

第二部分,然后是去获取该BeanFactory父Factory,希望从这些Factory中获取,如果该Beanfactory有父类,则希望用父类去实例化该bean,类似于JVM类加载的双亲委派机制。由于我们例子中的的Beanfactory为null,所以暂不讨论这种情况。

第三部分,这一部分是我们关注的重点,这里我们将这一大部分再分为三个小的部分来进行分析:

  1. 先将目前的bean标记为的正在创建
  2. 再获取根据beanName得到对应bean在beanfactory中的beanDefinitionMap的BeanDefinition(上一节初始化beanFactory时存入的),然后去获取这个bean依赖的bean。如果依赖的bean还没有创建,则先创建依赖的bean,进行递归调用(这就是依赖注入Dependence Injection)。如果找不到依赖,则忽略。
  3. 最后如果是单例(Spring默认是单例),则调用createBean()这个方法进行Bean的创建。
/**
     * Return an instance, which may be shared or independent, of the specified bean.
     * @param name the name of the bean to retrieve
     * @param requiredType the required type of the bean to retrieve
     * @param args arguments to use when creating a bean instance using explicit arguments
     * (only applied when creating a new instance as opposed to retrieving an existing one)
     * @param typeCheckOnly whether the instance is obtained for a type check,
     * not for actual use
     * @return an instance of the bean
     * @throws BeansException if the bean could not be created
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    protected <T> T doGetBean(
            final String name, final Class<T> requiredType, final Object[] args, boolean typeCheckOnly)
            throws BeansException {

        final String beanName = transformedBeanName(name);
        Object bean;

        // 急切地检查手动注册单例单缓存
        Object sharedInstance = getSingleton(beanName);
        if (sharedInstance != null && args == null) {
            if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                if (isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
                    logger.debug("Returning eagerly cached instance of singleton bean '" + beanName +
                            "' that is not fully initialized yet - a consequence of a circular reference");
                }
                else {
                    logger.debug("Returning cached instance of singleton bean '" + beanName + "'");
                }
            }
            bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(sharedInstance, name, beanName, null);
        }

        else {
            // 如果我们创建bean 实例对象失败了,说明我们在循环引用该实例对象
            if (isPrototypeCurrentlyInCreation(beanName)) {
                throw new BeanCurrentlyInCreationException(beanName);
            }

            // 在factory这个工厂里检查bean 对象是否存在
            BeanFactory parentBeanFactory = getParentBeanFactory();
            if (parentBeanFactory != null && !containsBeanDefinition(beanName)) {
                // 当没有发现时,应该检查父类对象
                String nameToLookup = originalBeanName(name);
                if (args != null) {
                    // 给父类对象提供明确 的参数
                    return (T) parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup, args);
                }
                else {
                    //没有参数,代表标准的获取.getbean()方法
                    return parentBeanFactory.getBean(nameToLookup, requiredType);
                }
            }

            if (!typeCheckOnly) {
                markBeanAsCreated(beanName);
            }

            try {
                final RootBeanDefinition mbd = getMergedLocalBeanDefinition(beanName);
                checkMergedBeanDefinition(mbd, beanName, args);

                // 确保初始化的bean 是当前的这个bean对象
                String[] dependsOn = mbd.getDependsOn();
                if (dependsOn != null) {
                    for (String dependsOnBean : dependsOn) {
                        if (isDependent(beanName, dependsOnBean)) {
                            throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
                                    "Circular depends-on relationship between '" + beanName + "' and '" + dependsOnBean + "'");
                        }
                        registerDependentBean(dependsOnBean, beanName);
                        getBean(dependsOnBean);
                    }
                }

                // 创建一个 bean 的实例对象
                if (mbd.isSingleton()) {
                    sharedInstance = getSingleton(beanName, new ObjectFactory<Object>() {
                        @Override
                        public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
                            try {
                                return createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
                            }
                            catch (BeansException ex) {
                              //从单例明确地删除实例的缓存:这可能是热切的创建过程,允许循环引用的决议。还删除任何bean,收到一个临时bean的引用。
                                destroySingleton(beanName);
                                throw ex;
                            }
                        }
                    });
                    bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(sharedInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
                }

                else if (mbd.isPrototype()) {
                    //这是一个原型,创建一个新的实例
                    Object prototypeInstance = null;
                    try {
                        beforePrototypeCreation(beanName);
                        prototypeInstance = createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
                    }
                    finally {
                        afterPrototypeCreation(beanName);
                    }
                    bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(prototypeInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
                }

                else {
                    String scopeName = mbd.getScope();
                    final Scope scope = this.scopes.get(scopeName);
                    if (scope == null) {
                        throw new IllegalStateException("No Scope registered for scope name '" + scopeName + "'");
                    }
                    try {
                        Object scopedInstance = scope.get(beanName, new ObjectFactory<Object>() {
                            @Override
                            public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
                                beforePrototypeCreation(beanName);
                                try {
                                    return createBean(beanName, mbd, args);
                                }
                                finally {
                                    afterPrototypeCreation(beanName);
                                }
                            }
                        });
                        bean = getObjectForBeanInstance(scopedInstance, name, beanName, mbd);
                    }
                    catch (IllegalStateException ex) {
                        throw new BeanCreationException(beanName,
                                "Scope '" + scopeName + "' is not active for the current thread; consider " +
                                "defining a scoped proxy for this bean if you intend to refer to it from a singleton",
                                ex);
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (BeansException ex) {
                cleanupAfterBeanCreationFailure(beanName);
                throw ex;
            }
        }
View Code

 

进入AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java类的createBean方法,这里面可以分为四个部分:

第一部分:确保该bean的class是真实存在的,也就是该bean是可以classload可以找到加载的

第二部分:准备方法的重写

第三部分:可以看到,这边出现了一个return,也就是说这边可以返回bean了。但看注释:Give BeanPostProcessors a chance to return a proxy instead of the target bean instance. 这样就很清晰了,BeanPostProcessor这个接口是可以临时修改bean的,优先级高于正常实例化bean的,如果beanPostProcessor能返回,则直接返回了。

第四部分:调用doCreateBean方法开始对bean进行创建

/**
     * Central method of this class: creates a bean instance,
     * populates the bean instance, applies post-processors, etc.
     * @see #doCreateBean
     */
    @Override
    protected Object createBean(String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd, Object[] args) throws BeanCreationException {
        if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
            logger.debug("Creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
        }
        RootBeanDefinition mbdToUse = mbd;

        //确保bean类实际上是解决在这一点上,和克隆bean定义的动态解析类不能存储在共享合并bean定义。
        Class<?> resolvedClass = resolveBeanClass(mbd, beanName);
        if (resolvedClass != null && !mbd.hasBeanClass() && mbd.getBeanClassName() != null) {
            mbdToUse = new RootBeanDefinition(mbd);
            mbdToUse.setBeanClass(resolvedClass);
        }

        // 准备方法覆盖
        try {
            mbdToUse.prepareMethodOverrides();
        }
        catch (BeanDefinitionValidationException ex) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(mbdToUse.getResourceDescription(),
                    beanName, "Validation of method overrides failed", ex);
        }

        try {
            // .让BeanPostProcessors返回一个代理,而不是目标bean实例
            Object bean = resolveBeforeInstantiation(beanName, mbdToUse);
            if (bean != null) {
                return bean;
            }
        }
        catch (Throwable ex) {
            throw new BeanCreationException(mbdToUse.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
                    "BeanPostProcessor before instantiation of bean failed", ex);
        }

        Object beanInstance = doCreateBean(beanName, mbdToUse, args);
        if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
            logger.debug("Finished creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
        }
        return beanInstance;
    }
View Code

 

打开doCreateBean方法,在这个方法里会做两件事:一是通过createBeanInstance这个方法创建bean,二是通过initializeBean方法初始化bean。先看看createBeanInstance这个方法里有什么玄/**

* Actually create the specified bean. Pre-creation processing has already happened
     * at this point, e.g. checking {@code postProcessBeforeInstantiation} callbacks.
     * <p>Differentiates between default bean instantiation, use of a
     * factory method, and autowiring a constructor.
     * @param beanName the name of the bean
     * @param mbd the merged bean definition for the bean
     * @param args explicit arguments to use for constructor or factory method invocation
     * @return a new instance of the bean
     * @throws BeanCreationException if the bean could not be created
     * @see #instantiateBean
     * @see #instantiateUsingFactoryMethod
     * @see #autowireConstructor
     */
    protected Object doCreateBean(final String beanName, final RootBeanDefinition mbd, final Object[] args) {
        // Instantiate the bean.
        BeanWrapper instanceWrapper = null;
        if (mbd.isSingleton()) {
            instanceWrapper = this.factoryBeanInstanceCache.remove(beanName);
        }
        if (instanceWrapper == null) {
            instanceWrapper = createBeanInstance(beanName, mbd, args);
        }
        final Object bean = (instanceWrapper != null ? instanceWrapper.getWrappedInstance() : null);
        Class<?> beanType = (instanceWrapper != null ? instanceWrapper.getWrappedClass() : null);

        // Allow post-processors to modify the merged bean definition.
        synchronized (mbd.postProcessingLock) {
            if (!mbd.postProcessed) {
                applyMergedBeanDefinitionPostProcessors(mbd, beanType, beanName);
                mbd.postProcessed = true;
            }
        }

        /// 急切地缓存单件能够解决循环引用
               // 即使像BeanFactoryAware由生命周期接口。.
        boolean earlySingletonExposure = (mbd.isSingleton() && this.allowCircularReferences &&
                isSingletonCurrentlyInCreation(beanName));
        if (earlySingletonExposure) {
            if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                logger.debug("Eagerly caching bean '" + beanName +
                        "' to allow for resolving potential circular references");
            }
            addSingletonFactory(beanName, new ObjectFactory<Object>() {
                @Override
                public Object getObject() throws BeansException {
                    return getEarlyBeanReference(beanName, mbd, bean);
                }
            });
        }

        // 初始化 bean 的实例对象
        Object exposedObject = bean;
        try {
            populateBean(beanName, mbd, instanceWrapper);
            if (exposedObject != null) {
                exposedObject = initializeBean(beanName, exposedObject, mbd);
            }
        }
        catch (Throwable ex) {
            if (ex instanceof BeanCreationException && beanName.equals(((BeanCreationException) ex).getBeanName())) {
                throw (BeanCreationException) ex;
            }
            else {
                throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Initialization of bean failed", ex);
            }
        }

        if (earlySingletonExposure) {
            Object earlySingletonReference = getSingleton(beanName, false);
            if (earlySingletonReference != null) {
                if (exposedObject == bean) {
                    exposedObject = earlySingletonReference;
                }
                else if (!this.allowRawInjectionDespiteWrapping && hasDependentBean(beanName)) {
                    String[] dependentBeans = getDependentBeans(beanName);
                    Set<String> actualDependentBeans = new LinkedHashSet<>(dependentBeans.length);
                    for (String dependentBean : dependentBeans) {
                        if (!removeSingletonIfCreatedForTypeCheckOnly(dependentBean)) {
                            actualDependentBeans.add(dependentBean);
                        }
                    }
                    if (!actualDependentBeans.isEmpty()) {
                        throw new BeanCurrentlyInCreationException(beanName,
                                "Bean with name '" + beanName + "' has been injected into other beans [" +
                                StringUtils.collectionToCommaDelimitedString(actualDependentBeans) +
                                "] in its raw version as part of a circular reference, but has eventually been " +
                                "wrapped. This means that said other beans do not use the final version of the " +
                                "bean. This is often the result of over-eager type matching - consider using " +
                                "'getBeanNamesOfType' with the 'allowEagerInit' flag turned off, for example.");
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        // 注册一次性使用的 bean
        try {
            registerDisposableBeanIfNecessary(beanName, bean, mbd);
        }
        catch (BeanDefinitionValidationException ex) {
            throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Invalid destruction signature", ex);
        }

        return exposedObject;
    }
View Code

创建Bean

进入createBeanInstance方法,这块代码主要是再次对bean做安全检查并确定该bean有默认的构造函数。直接看这个方法最后一行,调用instantiateBean方法并返回方法的结果。

/**
     * Create a new instance for the specified bean, using an appropriate instantiation strategy:
     * factory method, constructor autowiring, or simple instantiation.
     * @param beanName the name of the bean
     * @param mbd the bean definition for the bean
     * @param args explicit arguments to use for constructor or factory method invocation
     * @return BeanWrapper for the new instance
     * @see #instantiateUsingFactoryMethod
     * @see #autowireConstructor
     * @see #instantiateBean
     */
    protected BeanWrapper createBeanInstance(String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd, Object[] args) {
        // 这一步是确保bean这个类在这个步骤完成解决
        Class<?> beanClass = resolveBeanClass(mbd, beanName);

        if (beanClass != null && !Modifier.isPublic(beanClass.getModifiers()) && !mbd.isNonPublicAccessAllowed()) {
            throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
                    "Bean class isn't public, and non-public access not allowed: " + beanClass.getName());
        }

        if (mbd.getFactoryMethodName() != null)  {
            return instantiateUsingFactoryMethod(beanName, mbd, args);
        }

        // 重新创建相同bean的时候
        boolean resolved = false;
        boolean autowireNecessary = false;
        if (args == null) {
            synchronized (mbd.constructorArgumentLock) {
                if (mbd.resolvedConstructorOrFactoryMethod != null) {
                    resolved = true;
                    autowireNecessary = mbd.constructorArgumentsResolved;
                }
            }
        }
        if (resolved) {
            if (autowireNecessary) {
                return autowireConstructor(beanName, mbd, null, null);
            }
            else {
                return instantiateBean(beanName, mbd);
            }
        }

        // 这个时候需要确定该一下 这个 bean 的构造函数.
        Constructor<?>[] ctors = determineConstructorsFromBeanPostProcessors(beanClass, beanName);
        if (ctors != null ||
                mbd.getResolvedAutowireMode() == RootBeanDefinition.AUTOWIRE_CONSTRUCTOR ||
                mbd.hasConstructorArgumentValues() || !ObjectUtils.isEmpty(args))  {
            return autowireConstructor(beanName, mbd, ctors, args);
        }

        // 不做任何特殊处理:简单地使用不带参数的构造函数。
        return instantiateBean(beanName, mbd);
    }
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接着进入instantiateBean方法查看

/**
     * Instantiate the given bean using its default constructor.
     * @param beanName the name of the bean
     * @param mbd the bean definition for the bean
     * @return BeanWrapper for the new instance
     */
    protected BeanWrapper instantiateBean(final String beanName, final RootBeanDefinition mbd) {
        try {
            Object beanInstance;
            final BeanFactory parent = this;
            if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
                beanInstance = AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedAction<Object>() {
                    @Override
                    public Object run() {
                        return getInstantiationStrategy().instantiate(mbd, beanName, parent);
                    }
                }, getAccessControlContext());
            }
            else {
                beanInstance = getInstantiationStrategy().instantiate(mbd, beanName, parent);
            }
            BeanWrapper bw = new BeanWrapperImpl(beanInstance);
            initBeanWrapper(bw);
            return bw;
        }
        catch (Throwable ex) {
            throw new BeanCreationException(mbd.getResourceDescription(), beanName, "Instantiation of bean failed", ex);
        }
    }
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再进入SimpleInstantiationStrategy.java的instantiate方法,我们可以看到,在这个方法里,Spring通过反射的方法根据BeanDefinition创建出Bean的对象并返回。

@Override
    public Object instantiate(RootBeanDefinition bd, String beanName, BeanFactory owner) {
        // Don't override the class with CGLIB if no overrides.
        if (bd.getMethodOverrides().isEmpty()) {
            Constructor<?> constructorToUse;
            synchronized (bd.constructorArgumentLock) {
                constructorToUse = (Constructor<?>) bd.resolvedConstructorOrFactoryMethod;
                if (constructorToUse == null) {
                    final Class<?> clazz = bd.getBeanClass();
                    if (clazz.isInterface()) {
                        throw new BeanInstantiationException(clazz, "Specified class is an interface");
                    }
                    try {
                        if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
                            constructorToUse = AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedExceptionAction<Constructor<?>>() {
                                @Override
                                public Constructor<?> run() throws Exception {
                                    return clazz.getDeclaredConstructor((Class[]) null);
                                }
                            });
                        }
                        else {
                            constructorToUse =    clazz.getDeclaredConstructor((Class[]) null);
                        }
                        bd.resolvedConstructorOrFactoryMethod = constructorToUse;
                    }
                    catch (Throwable ex) {
                        throw new BeanInstantiationException(clazz, "No default constructor found", ex);
                    }
                }
            }
            return BeanUtils.instantiateClass(constructorToUse);
        }
        else {
            // Must generate CGLIB subclass.
            return instantiateWithMethodInjection(bd, beanName, owner);
        }
    }
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以上是Bean的创建,接下来我们看IoC容器是如何对Bean进行初始化的。

 

初始化Bean

让我们回到AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java类中的doCreateBean方法中,重点关注里面的initializeBean方法。现在bean已经被创建了,开始初始化该bean。

/**
     * Initialize the given bean instance, applying factory callbacks
     * as well as init methods and bean post processors.
     * <p>Called from {@link #createBean} for traditionally defined beans,
     * and from {@link #initializeBean} for existing bean instances.
     * @param beanName the bean name in the factory (for debugging purposes)
     * @param bean the new bean instance we may need to initialize
     * @param mbd the bean definition that the bean was created with
     * (can also be {@code null}, if given an existing bean instance)
     * @return the initialized bean instance (potentially wrapped)
     * @see BeanNameAware
     * @see BeanClassLoaderAware
     * @see BeanFactoryAware
     * @see #applyBeanPostProcessorsBeforeInitialization
     * @see #invokeInitMethods
     * @see #applyBeanPostProcessorsAfterInitialization
     */
    protected Object initializeBean(final String beanName, final Object bean, RootBeanDefinition mbd) {
        if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
            AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedAction<Object>() {
                @Override
                public Object run() {
                    invokeAwareMethods(beanName, bean);
                    return null;
                }
            }, getAccessControlContext());
        }
        else {
            invokeAwareMethods(beanName, bean);
        }

        Object wrappedBean = bean;
        if (mbd == null || !mbd.isSynthetic()) {
            wrappedBean = applyBeanPostProcessorsBeforeInitialization(wrappedBean, beanName);
        }

        try {
            invokeInitMethods(beanName, wrappedBean, mbd);
        }
        catch (Throwable ex) {
            throw new BeanCreationException(
                    (mbd != null ? mbd.getResourceDescription() : null),
                    beanName, "Invocation of init method failed", ex);
        }

        if (mbd == null || !mbd.isSynthetic()) {
            wrappedBean = applyBeanPostProcessorsAfterInitialization(wrappedBean, beanName);
        }
        return wrappedBean;
    }
View Code

 

在这个方法中,先调用invokeAwareMethods方法用于加载相关资源(比如BeanName、BeanClassLoader、BeanFactory等资源)。

private void invokeAwareMethods(final String beanName, final Object bean) {
        if (bean instanceof Aware) {
            if (bean instanceof BeanNameAware) {
                ((BeanNameAware) bean).setBeanName(beanName);
            }
            if (bean instanceof BeanClassLoaderAware) {
                ((BeanClassLoaderAware) bean).setBeanClassLoader(getBeanClassLoader());
            }
            if (bean instanceof BeanFactoryAware) {
                ((BeanFactoryAware) bean).setBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.this);
            }
        }
    }
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再调用applyBeanPostProcessorsBeforeInitialization方法用于构造方法执行之前再次修改Bean(BeanPostProcessor接口)。

@Override
    public Object applyBeanPostProcessorsBeforeInitialization(Object existingBean, String beanName)
            throws BeansException {

        Object result = existingBean;
        for (BeanPostProcessor beanProcessor : getBeanPostProcessors()) {
            result = beanProcessor.postProcessBeforeInitialization(result, beanName);
            if (result == null) {
                return result;
            }
        }
        return result;
    }
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然后通过invokeInitMethods调用自定义的初始化方法

/**
     * Give a bean a chance to react now all its properties are set,
     * and a chance to know about its owning bean factory (this object).
     * This means checking whether the bean implements InitializingBean or defines
     * a custom init method, and invoking the necessary callback(s) if it does.
     * @param beanName the bean name in the factory (for debugging purposes)
     * @param bean the new bean instance we may need to initialize
     * @param mbd the merged bean definition that the bean was created with
     * (can also be {@code null}, if given an existing bean instance)
     * @throws Throwable if thrown by init methods or by the invocation process
     * @see #invokeCustomInitMethod
     */
    protected void invokeInitMethods(String beanName, final Object bean, RootBeanDefinition mbd)
            throws Throwable {

        boolean isInitializingBean = (bean instanceof InitializingBean);
        if (isInitializingBean && (mbd == null || !mbd.isExternallyManagedInitMethod("afterPropertiesSet"))) {
            if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                logger.debug("Invoking afterPropertiesSet() on bean with name '" + beanName + "'");
            }
            if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
                try {
                    AccessController.doPrivileged(new PrivilegedExceptionAction<Object>() {
                        @Override
                        public Object run() throws Exception {
                            ((InitializingBean) bean).afterPropertiesSet();
                            return null;
                        }
                    }, getAccessControlContext());
                }
                catch (PrivilegedActionException pae) {
                    throw pae.getException();
                }
            }
            else {
                ((InitializingBean) bean).afterPropertiesSet();
            }
        }

        if (mbd != null) {
            String initMethodName = mbd.getInitMethodName();
            if (initMethodName != null && !(isInitializingBean && "afterPropertiesSet".equals(initMethodName)) &&
                    !mbd.isExternallyManagedInitMethod(initMethodName)) {
                invokeCustomInitMethod(beanName, bean, mbd);
            }
        }
    }
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再调用applyBeanPostProcessorsAfterInitialization方法用于构造方法执行之前再次修改Bean(BeanPostProcessor接口)。

@Override
    public Object applyBeanPostProcessorsAfterInitialization(Object existingBean, String beanName)
            throws BeansException {

        Object result = existingBean;
        for (BeanPostProcessor beanProcessor : getBeanPostProcessors()) {
            result = beanProcessor.postProcessAfterInitialization(result, beanName);
            if (result == null) {
                return result;
            }
        }
        return result;
    }
View Code

 

以上就完成了创建并初始化Bean的整个过程。

 

总结

通过这次源码分析,我们应该知道bean是怎么被IoC容器所创建的了,也知道IoC容器是如何去初始化spring.xml中的的bean了。我们来总结一下,整个过程最主要的就是AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java类中两个方法,一是createBeanInstance方法,用于创建Bean,二是initializeBean方法,用于初始化Bean。这两个方法需要仔细地分析和思考,如果还有不明白的地方,可以对照着Spring的源码自己动手理解一下,希望能对大家有所帮助。

 

posted on 2016-10-29 23:51 人生无设限 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏