linux 安装 nginx 及反向代理配置

Nginx ("engine x") 是一个高性能的HTTP反向代理服务,以下为Linux centos平台下安装nginx并配置反向代理的过程(采用源码安装的方式)

一:安装编译环境gcc g++ 和make(用于编译源代码成可执行文件)

1yum install gcc gcc-c++
2 yum -y install gcc automake autoconf libtool make

二:安装pcre (nginx rewrite依赖pcre库)zlib(用于gzip压缩)

1.安装pcre

cd /usr/local/src
wget ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.39.tar.gz 
tar -zxvf pcre-8.34.tar.gzcd pcre-8.34
./configure
make
make install

  

2.安装zlib

cd /usr/local/src

wget http://zlib.net/zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz
tar -zxvf zlib-1.2.8.tar.gzcd zlib-1.2.8
./configure
make
make install

3.安装openssl

wget http://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.1t.tar.gz
tar -zxvf openssl-1.0.1t.tar.gz
./config shared --prefix=/usr/local --openssldir=/usr/local/ssl  
make depend
make
sudo make install

  

三.安装nginx

cd /usr/local/src
wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz
tar -zxvf nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.10.1
./configure
make
make install
sudo make install
查看nginx启动和配置目录 whereis nginx

 

注:sbin-path(启动文件路径)

      conf-path(配置文件路径)

       pid-pathpid文件,刚安装完默认没有,只有启动nginx后才有 

四:启动nginx

Cd /usr/local/nginx/sbin

1.启动 ./nginx

2.重启 ./nginx -s reload

 

启动的时候报错

./nginx: error while loading shared libraries: libpcre.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

 

解决方法:

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libpcre.so.1 /lib64

32位系统则:

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libpcre.so.1 /lib

五.配置反向代理 指向node(其中node监听127.0.0.1:3000)

Cd /usr/local/nginx/conf

Vim nginx.conf

其中server选项配置如下

lerver{
    listen 80;
    charset utf-8;

   location / {
        proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:3000;
    }
   
}

  

lerver{

    listen 80;

    charset utf-8;

   location / {

        proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:3000;

    }

   

}

六.开启gizp压缩

http选项下

http选项下
  gzip on;
  gzip_min_length 1k;
  gzip_buffers 16 64k;
  gzip_http_version 1.1;
  gzip_comp_level 6;
  gzip_types application/javascript text/javascript text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
  gzip_vary on; 

注意:gzip_types必须加上application/javascript 否则js不会被压缩

  

未完待续。。。

 

posted @ 2016-10-31 18:32  致敬科神  阅读(3311)  评论(0编辑  收藏