redis成长之路——(一)

为什么使用redis

Redis适合所有数据in-momory的场景,虽然Redis也提供持久化功能,但实际更多的是一个disk-backed的功能,跟传统意义上的持久化有比较大的差别,那么可能大家就会有疑问,似乎Redis更像一个加强版的Memcached.

上面描述说的过于泛了,很多初次接触的码农可能不明白怎么回事;其实简单来说:如果业务中需要高性能分布式集群等场景的时候,redis就可以派上用场大显身手了!

redis简介

REmote DIctionary Server(Redis) 是一个由Salvatore Sanfilippo写的key-value存储系统。

Redis是一个开源的使用ANSI C语言编写、遵守BSD协议、支持网络、可基于内存亦可持久化的日志型、Key-Value数据库,并提供多种语言的API。

它通常被称为数据结构服务器,因为值(value)可以是 字符串(String), 哈希(Map), 列表(list), 集合(sets) 和 有序集合(sorted sets)等类型。

redis

常用结构

 .net连接redis

StackExchange.Redis是.NET语言中一个高性能的通用redis客户端,一般都基于这个驱动来实现具体的操作业务

github地址:https://github.com/StackExchange/StackExchange.Redis 

StackExchange.Redis封装

和ado.net一样,StackExchange.Redis只是一个provider,码农们直接用起来会很麻烦,不光要去理解它里面很多概念,还要根据不同的场景写不能的代码,所以在实际业务中,本人封装了一个drive.redis

github地址:https://github.com/yswenli/RedisDrive/tree/master/Wenli.Drive.Redis

Wenli.Drive.Redis的使用

本人封装的这个drive.redis是基于现有相关项目完善而成的,主要目的就是为码农们方便开展自已的业务,无需去关心中间相当部内容;使用可以参考md文件中的描述:

RedisDrive

RedisDrive这是一个.net 的redis集成驱动,支持单实例、云集群、哨兵等模式的数据操作,支持keys等命令

本驱动基于stackexcnage.redis完成,在此基础上强化使用的简洁性、可靠性

wenli.Drive.Redis使用方法:

1.添加wenli.Drive.Redis引用

2.添加stackexcnage.redis nuget包引用

3.添加Wenli.Drive.Redis、log4net配置节点,添加RedisClient appsettings

app.config(web.config)配置如下: <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<configuration>
  <configSections>
    <section name="RedisConfig" type="Wenli.Drive.Redis.RedisConfig, Wenli.Drive.Redis" />
    <section name="SentinelConfig" type="Wenli.Drive.Redis.RedisConfig, Wenli.Drive.Redis" />
    <section name="ClusterConfig" type="Wenli.Drive.Redis.RedisConfig, Wenli.Drive.Redis" />
    <section name="log4net" type="log4net.Config.Log4NetConfigurationSectionHandler,log4net" />
  </configSections>
  <!--单点模式配置-->
  <RedisConfig Type="0" Masters="127.0.0.1:6379" Slaves="127.0.0.1:6379" DefaultDatabase="0" />
  <!--哨兵模式配置-->
  <SentinelConfig Type="1" Masters="127.0.0.1:26379" ServiceName="mymaster" DefaultDatabase="0" />
  <!--集群模式配置-->
  <ClusterConfig Type="2" Masters="127.0.0.1:16379,127.0.0.1:16380,127.0.0.1:16381" />
  <log4net>
    <logger name="logerror">
      <level value="ERROR" />
      <appender-ref ref="ErrorAppender" />
    </logger>
    <logger name="loginfo">
      <level value="INFO" />
      <appender-ref ref="InfoAppender" />
    </logger>
    <logger name="logdebug">
      <level value="DEBUG" />
      <appender-ref ref="DebugAppender" />
    </logger>
    <appender name="ErrorAppender" type="log4net.Appender.RollingFileAppender">
      <param name="File" value="ErrorLog.log" />
      <param name="AppendToFile" value="true" />
      <param name="MaxSizeRollBackups" value="100" />
      <param name="MaximumFileSize" value="1MB" />
      <param name="RollingStyle" value="Size" />
      <param name="StaticLogFileName" value="true" />
      <layout type="log4net.Layout.PatternLayout">
        <param name="ConversionPattern" value="%-5p %d [%c] %m%n" />
      </layout>
    </appender>
    <appender name="InfoAppender" type="log4net.Appender.RollingFileAppender">
      <param name="File" value="InfoLog.log" />
      <param name="AppendToFile" value="true" />
      <param name="MaxSizeRollBackups" value="100" />
      <param name="MaximumFileSize" value="1MB" />
      <param name="RollingStyle" value="Size" />
      <param name="StaticLogFileName" value="true" />
      <layout type="log4net.Layout.PatternLayout">
        <param name="ConversionPattern" value="%-5p %d [%c] %m%n" />
      </layout>
    </appender>
    <appender name="DebugAppender" type="log4net.Appender.RollingFileAppender">
      <param name="File" value="DebugLog.log" />
      <param name="AppendToFile" value="true" />
      <param name="MaxSizeRollBackups" value="100" />
      <param name="MaximumFileSize" value="1MB" />
      <param name="RollingStyle" value="Size" />
      <param name="StaticLogFileName" value="true" />
      <layout type="log4net.Layout.PatternLayout">
        <param name="ConversionPattern" value="%-5p %d [%c] %m%n" />
      </layout>
    </appender>
  </log4net>
  <appSettings>
    <add key="RedisClient" value="Wenli.Drive.Redis.Core.SERedisHelper;Wenli.Drive.Redis,Version=1.0.0.0,Culture=neutral,PublicKeyToken=null" />
  </appSettings>
  <runtime>
    <assemblyBinding xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:asm.v1">
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="System.Runtime" publicKeyToken="b03f5f7f11d50a3a" culture="neutral" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-2.6.10.0" newVersion="2.6.10.0" />
      </dependentAssembly>
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="System.Threading.Tasks" publicKeyToken="b03f5f7f11d50a3a" culture="neutral" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-2.6.10.0" newVersion="2.6.10.0" />
      </dependentAssembly>
    </assemblyBinding>
  </runtime>
</configuration>

实例代码:

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        Console.Title = "Wenli.Drive.Redis驱动测试";

        Console.WriteLine("Wenli.Drive.Redis test");

        Console.WriteLine("输入s 测试哨兵模式,输入c测试cluster模式,M为连续,其它为单实例模式");

        while (true)
        {

            var c = Console.ReadLine();

            if (c.ToUpper() == "S")
            {
                #region sentinel
                Console.WriteLine("Wenli.Drive.Redis test 进入哨兵模式---------------------");

                using (var redisHelper = RedisHelperBuilder.Build("ClusterConfig"))
                {

                    #region string
                    Console.ReadLine();
                    Console.WriteLine("string get/set test");

                    redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().StringSet("abcabcabc", "123123");
                    Console.WriteLine("写入key:abcabcabc,value:123123");

                    var str = redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().StringGet("abcabcabc");
                    Console.WriteLine("查询key:abcabcabc,value:" + str);

                    redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().KeyDelete("abcabcabc");
                    Console.WriteLine("移除key:abcabcabc");
                    #endregion

                    #region hashset
                    Console.ReadLine();
                    Console.WriteLine("hashset get/set test");
                    var testModel = new DemoModel()
                    {
                        ID = Guid.NewGuid().ToString("N"),
                        Age = 18,
                        Name = "Kitty",
                        Created = DateTime.Now
                    };

                    redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashSet<DemoModel>(testModel.Name, testModel.ID, testModel);
                    Console.WriteLine(string.Format("写入hashid:{0},key:{1}", testModel.Name, testModel.ID));

                    testModel = redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashGet<DemoModel>(testModel.Name, testModel.ID);
                    Console.WriteLine(string.Format("查询hashid:{0},key:{1}", testModel.Name, testModel.ID));

                    redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashDelete(testModel.Name, testModel.ID);
                    Console.WriteLine("移除hash");
                    #endregion

                    #region 队列
                    Console.ReadLine();
                    Console.WriteLine("list test");

                    redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().Enqueue("list", "listvalue");
                    Console.WriteLine("入队:list,value:listvalue");

                    Console.WriteLine("list.coumt:" + redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().QueueCount("list"));

                    Console.WriteLine(string.Format("出队:list,value:{0}", redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().Dnqueue("list")));
                    Console.WriteLine("list.coumt:" + redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().QueueCount("list"));
                    #endregion

                    #region sortedset
                    Console.ReadLine();
                    Console.WriteLine("sortedset test");
                    Console.WriteLine(string.Format("sortedset add :{0}", redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().SortedSetAdd("sortedset", "sortedset", 0)));
                    var list = redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().GetSortedSetRangeByRankWithSocres("sortedset", 0, 10000, 1, 9999, true);
                    Console.WriteLine(string.Format("sortedset getlist :{0}", list));
                    Console.WriteLine(string.Format("sortedset remove :{0}", redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().RemoveItemFromSortedSet("sortedset", "sortedset")));
                    #endregion

                    #region pub/sub
                    Console.ReadLine();
                    Console.WriteLine("sub/pub test");

                    Console.WriteLine("订阅频道:happy");

                    redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().Subscribe("happy", (x, y) =>
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine(string.Format("订阅者收到消息;频道:{0},消息:{1}", x, y));
                    });

                    Console.WriteLine("发布频道happy 10 条测试消息");
                    for (int i = 1; i <= 10; i++)
                    {
                        redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().Publish("happy", "this is a test message" + i);
                        Thread.Sleep(400);
                    }
                    #endregion
                    Console.ReadLine();
                    redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().Unsubscribe("happy");

                }
                #endregion
            }
            else if (c.ToUpper() == "C")
            {
                #region cluster
                Console.WriteLine("Wenli.Drive.Redis test 进入集群模式---------------------");

                var redisHelper = RedisHelperBuilder.Build("ClusterConfig");

                #region string
                Console.ReadLine();
                Console.WriteLine("string get/set test");

                redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().StringSet("abcabcabc", "123123");
                Console.WriteLine("写入key:abcabcabc,value:123123");

                var str = redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().StringGet("abcabcabc");
                Console.WriteLine("查询key:abcabcabc,value:" + str);

                redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().KeyDelete("abcabcabc");
                Console.WriteLine("移除key:abcabcabc");
                #endregion

                #region hashset
                Console.ReadLine();
                Console.WriteLine("hashset get/set test");
                var testModel = new DemoModel()
                {
                    ID = Guid.NewGuid().ToString("N"),
                    Age = 18,
                    Name = "Kitty",
                    Created = DateTime.Now
                };

                redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashSet<DemoModel>(testModel.Name, testModel.ID, testModel);
                Console.WriteLine(string.Format("写入hashid:{0},key:{1}", testModel.Name, testModel.ID));

                testModel = redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashGet<DemoModel>(testModel.Name, testModel.ID);
                Console.WriteLine(string.Format("查询hashid:{0},key:{1}", testModel.Name, testModel.ID));

                redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashDelete(testModel.Name, testModel.ID);
                Console.WriteLine("移除hash");
                #endregion

                #region 队列
                Console.ReadLine();
                Console.WriteLine("list test");

                redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().Enqueue("list", "listvalue");
                Console.WriteLine("入队:list,value:listvalue");

                Console.WriteLine("list.coumt:" + redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().QueueCount("list"));

                Console.WriteLine(string.Format("出队:list,value:{0}", redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().Dnqueue("list")));
                Console.WriteLine("list.coumt:" + redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().QueueCount("list"));
                #endregion


                #region pub/sub
                Console.ReadLine();
                Console.WriteLine("sub/pub test");

                Console.WriteLine("订阅频道:happy");

                redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().Subscribe("happy", (x, y) =>
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(string.Format("订阅者收到消息;频道:{0},消息:{1}", x, y));
                });

                Console.WriteLine("发布频道happy 10 条测试消息");
                for (int i = 1; i <= 10; i++)
                {
                    redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().Publish("happy", "this is a test message" + i);
                    Thread.Sleep(400);
                }
                #endregion

                Console.ReadLine();

                redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().Unsubscribe("happy");
                #endregion
            }
            else if (c.ToUpper() == "M")
            {
                #region default redis
                Console.WriteLine("Wenli.Drive.Redis test 进入连续测试模式---------------------");

                string value = "123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式123123进入连续测试模式";

                var td1 = new Thread(new ThreadStart(() =>
                {
                    using (var redisHelper = RedisHelperBuilder.Build("SentinelConfig"))
                    {
                        Parallel.For(0, 100000, countIndex =>
                        {
                            #region string
                            Console.WriteLine("string get/set test");
                            redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().StringSet(countIndex.ToString(), value);
                            Console.WriteLine("写入key:abcabcabc,value:123123");

                            var str = redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().StringGet(countIndex.ToString());
                            Console.WriteLine("查询key:abcabcabc,value:" + str);

                            redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().KeyDelete(countIndex.ToString());
                            Console.WriteLine("移除key:abcabcabc");
                            #endregion

                            #region hashset
                            Console.WriteLine("hashset get/set test");
                            var testModel = new DemoModel()
                            {
                                ID = Guid.NewGuid().ToString("N"),
                                Age = 18,
                                Name = "Kitty",
                                Created = DateTime.Now
                            };

                            redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashSet<DemoModel>(testModel.Name, testModel.ID, testModel);
                            Console.WriteLine(string.Format("写入hashid:{0},key:{1}", testModel.Name, testModel.ID));

                            testModel = redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashGet<DemoModel>(testModel.Name, testModel.ID);
                            Console.WriteLine(string.Format("查询hashid:{0},key:{1}", testModel.Name, testModel.ID));

                            redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashDelete(testModel.Name, testModel.ID);
                            Console.WriteLine("移除hash");
                            #endregion

                        });
                    }
                }));
                var td2 = new Thread(new ThreadStart(() =>
                {
                    Parallel.For(0, 100000, countIndex =>
                    {
                        using (var redisHelper = RedisHelperBuilder.Build("SentinelConfig"))
                        {
                            #region string
                            Console.WriteLine("string get/set test");
                            redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().StringSet(countIndex.ToString(), value);
                            Console.WriteLine("写入key:abcabcabc,value:123123");

                            var str = redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().StringGet(countIndex.ToString());
                            Console.WriteLine("查询key:abcabcabc,value:" + str);

                            redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().KeyDelete(countIndex.ToString());
                            Console.WriteLine("移除key:abcabcabc");
                            #endregion

                            #region hashset
                            Console.WriteLine("hashset get/set test");
                            var testModel = new DemoModel()
                            {
                                ID = Guid.NewGuid().ToString("N"),
                                Age = 18,
                                Name = "Kitty",
                                Created = DateTime.Now
                            };

                            redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashSet<DemoModel>(testModel.Name, testModel.ID, testModel);
                            Console.WriteLine(string.Format("写入hashid:{0},key:{1}", testModel.Name, testModel.ID));

                            testModel = redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashGet<DemoModel>(testModel.Name, testModel.ID);
                            Console.WriteLine(string.Format("查询hashid:{0},key:{1}", testModel.Name, testModel.ID));

                            redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashDelete(testModel.Name, testModel.ID);
                            Console.WriteLine("移除hash");
                            #endregion
                        }
                    });
                }));

                td1.Start();
                td2.Start();

                while (td1.IsAlive || td2.IsAlive)
                {
                    Thread.Sleep(50);
                }

                Console.WriteLine("Wenli.Drive.Redis test 任务已完成!---------------------");
                #endregion
            }
            else
            {
                #region default redis
                Console.WriteLine("Wenli.Drive.Redis test 进入单实例模式---------------------");

                var redisHelper = RedisHelperBuilder.Build("RedisConfig");

                #region string
                Console.ReadLine();
                Console.WriteLine("string get/set test");

                redisHelper.GetRedisOperation(12).StringSet("abcabcabc", "123123");
                Console.WriteLine("写入key:abcabcabc,value:123123");

                var str = redisHelper.GetRedisOperation(12).StringGet("abcabcabc");
                Console.WriteLine("查询key:abcabcabc,value:" + str);

                redisHelper.GetRedisOperation(12).KeyDelete("abcabcabc");
                Console.WriteLine("移除key:abcabcabc");
                #endregion

                #region hashset
                Console.ReadLine();
                Console.WriteLine("hashset get/set test");
                var testModel = new DemoModel()
                {
                    ID = Guid.NewGuid().ToString("N"),
                    Age = 18,
                    Name = "Kitty",
                    Created = DateTime.Now
                };

                redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashSet<DemoModel>(testModel.Name, testModel.ID, testModel);
                Console.WriteLine(string.Format("写入hashid:{0},key:{1}", testModel.Name, testModel.ID));

                testModel = redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashGet<DemoModel>(testModel.Name, testModel.ID);
                Console.WriteLine(string.Format("查询hashid:{0},key:{1}", testModel.Name, testModel.ID));

                redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashGetAll<DemoModel>(testModel.Name, 1, 1);

                redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().HashDelete(testModel.Name, testModel.ID);
                Console.WriteLine("移除hash");
                #endregion

                #region 队列
                Console.ReadLine();
                Console.WriteLine("list test");

                redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().Enqueue("list", "listvalue");
                Console.WriteLine("入队:list,value:listvalue");

                Console.WriteLine("list.coumt:" + redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().QueueCount("list"));

                Console.WriteLine(string.Format("出队:list,value:{0}", redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().Dnqueue("list")));
                Console.WriteLine("list.coumt:" + redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().QueueCount("list"));
                #endregion

                #region pub/sub
                Console.ReadLine();
                Console.WriteLine("sub/pub test");

                Console.WriteLine("订阅频道:happy");

                redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().Subscribe("happy", (x, y) =>
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(string.Format("订阅者收到消息;频道:{0},消息:{1}", x, y));
                });

                Console.WriteLine("发布频道happy 10 条测试消息");
                for (int i = 1; i <= 10; i++)
                {
                    redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().Publish("happy", "this is a test message" + i);
                    Thread.Sleep(400);
                }
                #endregion

                Console.ReadLine();

                redisHelper.GetRedisOperation().Unsubscribe("happy");

                #endregion
            }
        }

        Console.ReadLine();
    }
}

 当然也可将https://github.com/yswenli/RedisDrive/tree/master/DriveTest下载下来运行一下测试~

redis成长之路——(一)

redis成长之路——(二)

redis成长之路——(三)

redis成长之路——(四)

redis成长之路——(五)

redis成长之路——(六)

redis成长之路——(七)

 

 


转载请标明本文来源:http://www.cnblogs.com/yswenli/p/6235765.html
更多内容欢迎star作者的github:https://github.com/yswenli/RedisDrive
如果发现本文有什么问题和任何建议,也随时欢迎交流~

 

posted @ 2016-12-30 09:58  yswenli  阅读(1214)  评论(2编辑  收藏  举报