OSPF基础介绍

                        OSPF基础介绍

   

 

 

 

一.RIP的缺陷

1.以跳数评估的路由并非最优路径

 

2.最大跳数16导致网络尺度小

3.收敛速度慢

4.更新发送全部路由表浪费网络资源

二.OSPF基本原理

1.什么是OSPF

  a>.OSPF(Open Shortest Path First,开放最短路径有限)是IETF开发的基于链路状态的自治系统内部路由协议;

  b>.OSPF仅传播对端设备不具备的路由信息,网络收敛迅速,并有效避免了网络资源浪费;

  c>.OSPF直接工作于IP层之上,IP协议号为89;

  d>.OSPF以组播地址发送协议包;

2. OSPF协议工作过程概述

 

  a>.寻找邻居;

 

  b>.建立邻接关系;

 

  注意:上图中的DR和BDR是用来管理一个单区域的,上图中邻接关系数是10,如果都让OSPF来管理是会有很大的负载的,这个时候选举出DR和BDR(DR是管理者,当DR坏掉是有BDR路由器来取得所有权进行管理)来管理这些单区域,多条链路是的话需要选举出来DR和BDR,单挑链路是没有必要选举的,因为没有那么大的负载。  

  DR和BDR选举

 

DR,BDR选举规则总结:
  1>.选举接口优先级,优先级越大越优先,被选DR,优先级第二,被选BDR.
  2>.如果优先级一样,选route-id,越大优先.
  3>.如果路由器没有设置route-id,那么选接口的ip地址,越大越优先。

注意:一个单区域中可以没有BDR,但是必须有DR!

 

 c>.链路状态信息传递;

  d.路由计算

3.OSPF协议分区域管理

4.OSPF协议区域LSA发布

三.配置OSPF

 配置下图实验,让公司总部这太电脑能够访问各个机房的主机!

配置过程如下:

"兆维机房"配置如下:

 1 "兆维机房"配置如下:
 2 [Huawei]sysname zhaowei
 3 [zhaowei]interface LoopBack 1
 4 [zhaowei-LoopBack1]ip address 172.16.1.1 24
 5 [zhaowei-LoopBack1]quit 
 6 [zhaowei]interface Ethernet 0/0/0
 7 [zhaowei-Ethernet0/0/0]ip address 192.168.1.1 24
 8 [zhaowei-Ethernet0/0/0]undo shutdown 
 9 [zhaowei-Ethernet0/0/0]quit
10 [zhaowei]interface  Ethernet 0/0/0
11 [zhaowei-Ethernet0/0/0]ospf dr-priority 100  #设置优先级为100,这样使得其优先级最高,成为DR路由器
12 [zhaowei-Ethernet0/0/0]quit 
13 [zhaowei]router id 1.1.1.1
14 [zhaowei]ospf 100  #配置进程号,这个可以自定义
15 [zhaowei-ospf-100]area 0 #定义区域
16 [zhaowei-ospf-100-area-0.0.0.0]network 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255  #这个掩码(0.0.0.255)=广播地址(255.255.255.0)-这个
17 
18 网段的子网掩码(255.255.255.019 [zhaowei-ospf-100-area-0.0.0.0]network 172.16.1.1 0.0.0.0  #向外面宣告这个地址


"鲁谷机房"配置如下:

 1 [Huawei]sysname lugu
 2 [lugu]interface LoopBack 1
 3 [lugu-LoopBack1]ip address 172.16.1.2 24
 4 [lugu-LoopBack1]quit 
 5 [lugu]interface Ethernet 0/0/0
 6 [lugu-Ethernet0/0/0]ip address 192.168.1.2 24
 7 [lugu-Ethernet0/0/0]undo shutdown 
 8 [lugu-Ethernet0/0/0]quit 
 9 [lugu]router id 2.2.2.2 #配置路由的ID
10 [lugu]ospf 100
11 [lugu-ospf-100]area 0
12 [lugu-ospf-100-area-0.0.0.0]network 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255
13 [lugu-ospf-100-area-0.0.0.0]network 172.16.1.2 0.0.0.0


"清华园机房"配置如下:

 1 [Huawei]sysname qinghuayuan
 2 [qinghuayuan]interface Ethernet 0/0/1
 3 [qinghuayuan-Ethernet0/0/1]ip address 172.30.1.254 24
 4 [qinghuayuan-Ethernet0/0/1]undo shutdown 
 5 [qinghuayuan-Ethernet0/0/1]quit 
 6 [qinghuayuan]interface Ethernet 0/0/0
 7 [qinghuayuan-Ethernet0/0/0]ip address 192.168.1.3 24
 8 [qinghuayuan-Ethernet0/0/0]undo shutdown 
 9 [qinghuayuan-Ethernet0/0/0]quit 
10 [qinghuayuan]router id 3.3.3.3
11 [qinghuayuan]ospf 100
12 [qinghuayuan-ospf-100]area 0
13 [qinghuayuan-ospf-100-area-0.0.0.0]network 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255
14 [qinghuayuan-ospf-100-area-0.0.0.0]network 172.30.1.0 0.0.0.255


"廊坊机房"配置如下:

 1 [Huawei]sysname langfang
 2 [langfang]interface LoopBack 1
 3 [langfang-LoopBack1]ip address 172.16.1.4 24
 4 [langfang-LoopBack1]quit 
 5 [langfang]interface Ethernet 0/0/0
 6 [langfang-Ethernet0/0/0]ip address 192.168.1.4 24
 7 [langfang-Ethernet0/0/0]undo shutdown 
 8 [langfang-Ethernet0/0/0]quit 
 9 [langfang]router id 4.4.4.4
10 [langfang]ospf 100
11 [langfang-ospf-100]area 0
12 [langfang-ospf-100-area-0.0.0.0]network 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255
13 [langfang-ospf-100-area-0.0.0.0]network 172.16.1.4 0.0.0.0


"高碑店机房"配置如下:

 1 [Huawei]sysname gaobeidian
 2 [gaobeidian]interface LoopBack 1
 3 [gaobeidian-LoopBack1]ip address 172.16.1.5 24
 4 [gaobeidian-LoopBack1]quit 
 5 [gaobeidian]interface Ethernet 0/0/0
 6 [gaobeidian-Ethernet0/0/0]ip address 192.168.1.5 24
 7 [gaobeidian-Ethernet0/0/0]undo shutdown 
 8 [gaobeidian-Ethernet0/0/0]quit 
 9 [gaobeidian]router id 5.5.5.5
10 [gaobeidian]ospf 100
11 [gaobeidian-ospf-100]area 0
12 [gaobeidian-ospf-100-area-0.0.0.0]network 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255
13 [gaobeidian-ospf-100-area-0.0.0.0]network 172.16.1.5 0.0.0.0


"双桥机房"配置如下:

 1 [Huawei]sysname shuangqiao
 2 [shuangqiao]interface LoopBack 1
 3 [shuangqiao-LoopBack1]ip address 172.16.1.6 24
 4 [shuangqiao-LoopBack1]quit 
 5 [shuangqiao]interface Ethernet 0/0/0
 6 [shuangqiao-Ethernet0/0/0]ip address 192.168.1.6 24
 7 [shuangqiao-Ethernet0/0/0]undo shutdown 
 8 [shuangqiao-Ethernet0/0/0]quit 
 9 [shuangqiao]interface Ethernet 0/0/0
10 [shuangqiao-Ethernet0/0/0]ospf dr-priority 50
11 [shuangqiao-Ethernet0/0/0]quit 
12 [shuangqiao]router id 6.6.6.6
13 [shuangqiao]ospf 100
14 [shuangqiao-ospf-100]area 0
15 [shuangqiao-ospf-100-area-0.0.0.0]network 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255
16 [shuangqiao-ospf-100-area-0.0.0.0]network 172.16.1.6 0.0.0.0

 

公司总部电脑测试结果如下:

 1 PC>ipconfig
 2 
 3 Link local IPv6 address...........: fe80::5689:98ff:fe86:12b
 4 IPv6 address......................: :: / 128
 5 IPv6 gateway......................: ::
 6 IPv4 address......................: 172.30.1.3
 7 Subnet mask.......................: 255.255.255.0
 8 Gateway...........................: 172.30.1.254
 9 Physical address..................: 54-89-98-86-01-2B
10 DNS server........................:
11 
12 PC>ping 192.168.1.1
13 
14 Ping 192.168.1.1: 32 data bytes, Press Ctrl_C to break
15 From 192.168.1.1: bytes=32 seq=1 ttl=254 time=32 ms
16 From 192.168.1.1: bytes=32 seq=2 ttl=254 time=46 ms
17 From 192.168.1.1: bytes=32 seq=3 ttl=254 time=47 ms
18 From 192.168.1.1: bytes=32 seq=4 ttl=254 time=31 ms
19 From 192.168.1.1: bytes=32 seq=5 ttl=254 time=47 ms
20 
21 --- 192.168.1.1 ping statistics ---
22   5 packet(s) transmitted
23   5 packet(s) received
24   0.00% packet loss
25   round-trip min/avg/max = 31/40/47 ms
26 
27 PC>ping 172.16.1.1
28 
29 Ping 172.16.1.1: 32 data bytes, Press Ctrl_C to break
30 From 172.16.1.1: bytes=32 seq=1 ttl=254 time=47 ms
31 From 172.16.1.1: bytes=32 seq=2 ttl=254 time=63 ms
32 From 172.16.1.1: bytes=32 seq=3 ttl=254 time=78 ms
33 From 172.16.1.1: bytes=32 seq=4 ttl=254 time=47 ms
34 From 172.16.1.1: bytes=32 seq=5 ttl=254 time=47 ms
35 
36 --- 172.16.1.1 ping statistics ---
37   5 packet(s) transmitted
38   5 packet(s) received
39   0.00% packet loss
40   round-trip min/avg/max = 47/56/78 ms
41 
42 PC>ping 172.16.1.2
43 
44 Ping 172.16.1.2: 32 data bytes, Press Ctrl_C to break
45 From 172.16.1.2: bytes=32 seq=1 ttl=254 time=63 ms
46 From 172.16.1.2: bytes=32 seq=2 ttl=254 time=62 ms
47 From 172.16.1.2: bytes=32 seq=3 ttl=254 time=47 ms
48 From 172.16.1.2: bytes=32 seq=4 ttl=254 time=47 ms
49 From 172.16.1.2: bytes=32 seq=5 ttl=254 time=63 ms
50 
51 --- 172.16.1.2 ping statistics ---
52   5 packet(s) transmitted
53   5 packet(s) received
54   0.00% packet loss
55   round-trip min/avg/max = 47/56/63 ms
56 
57 PC>ping 172.16.1.4
58 
59 Ping 172.16.1.4: 32 data bytes, Press Ctrl_C to break
60 From 172.16.1.4: bytes=32 seq=1 ttl=254 time=93 ms
61 From 172.16.1.4: bytes=32 seq=2 ttl=254 time=46 ms
62 From 172.16.1.4: bytes=32 seq=3 ttl=254 time=62 ms
63 From 172.16.1.4: bytes=32 seq=4 ttl=254 time=46 ms
64 From 172.16.1.4: bytes=32 seq=5 ttl=254 time=47 ms
65 
66 --- 172.16.1.4 ping statistics ---
67   5 packet(s) transmitted
68   5 packet(s) received
69   0.00% packet loss
70   round-trip min/avg/max = 46/58/93 ms
71 
72 PC>ping 172.16.1.5
73 
74 Ping 172.16.1.5: 32 data bytes, Press Ctrl_C to break
75 From 172.16.1.5: bytes=32 seq=1 ttl=254 time=94 ms
76 From 172.16.1.5: bytes=32 seq=2 ttl=254 time=47 ms
77 From 172.16.1.5: bytes=32 seq=3 ttl=254 time=47 ms
78 From 172.16.1.5: bytes=32 seq=4 ttl=254 time=47 ms
79 From 172.16.1.5: bytes=32 seq=5 ttl=254 time=47 ms
80 
81 --- 172.16.1.5 ping statistics ---
82   5 packet(s) transmitted
83   5 packet(s) received
84   0.00% packet loss
85   round-trip min/avg/max = 47/56/94 ms
86 
87 PC>

 

四.OSPF常用的调试命令

1.查看OSPF摘要信息

 1 <qinghuayuan>display ospf brief 
 2 
 3      OSPF Process 100 with Router ID 3.3.3.3
 4          OSPF Protocol Information
 5 
 6  RouterID: 3.3.3.3          Border Router: 
 7  Multi-VPN-Instance is not enabled
 8  Global DS-TE Mode: Non-Standard IETF Mode
 9  Spf-schedule-interval: max 10000ms, start 500ms, hold 1000ms
10  Default ASE parameters: Metric: 1 Tag: 1 Type: 2
11  Route Preference: 10 
12  ASE Route Preference: 150 
13  SPF Computation Count: 7     
14  RFC 1583 Compatible
15  Retransmission limitation is disabled
16  Area Count: 1   Nssa Area Count: 0 
17  ExChange/Loading Neighbors: 0
18  
19  Area: 0.0.0.0          (MPLS TE not enabled)
20  Authtype: None   Area flag: Normal
21  SPF scheduled Count: 7     
22  ExChange/Loading Neighbors: 0
23  Router ID conflict state: Normal
24 
25  Interface: 172.30.1.254 (Ethernet0/0/1)
26  Cost: 1       State: DR        Type: Broadcast    MTU: 1500  
27  Priority: 1
28  Designated Router: 172.30.1.254
29  Backup Designated Router: 0.0.0.0
30  Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll  120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1 
31 
32  Interface: 192.168.1.3 (Ethernet0/0/0)
33  Cost: 1       State: DROther    Type: Broadcast    MTU: 1500  
34  Priority: 1
35  Designated Router: 192.168.1.1
36  Backup Designated Router: 192.168.1.2
37  Timers: Hello 10 , Dead 40 , Poll  120 , Retransmit 5 , Transmit Delay 1 
38 <qinghuayuan> 
display ospf brief

2.查看启动OSPF的接口信息

 1 <qinghuayuan>display  ospf interface 
 2 
 3      OSPF Process 100 with Router ID 3.3.3.3
 4          Interfaces 
 5 
 6  Area: 0.0.0.0          (MPLS TE not enabled)
 7  IP Address      Type         State    Cost    Pri   DR              BDR 
 8  172.30.1.254    Broadcast    DR       1       1     172.30.1.254    0.0.0.0
 9  192.168.1.3     Broadcast    DROther  1       1     192.168.1.1     192.168.1.2
10  
11 <qinghuayuan>
display ospf interface

3.查看OSPF出错信息

 1 <qinghuayuan>display ospf error
 2 
 3      OSPF Process 100 with Router ID 3.3.3.3
 4          OSPF error statistics 
 5 
 6 General packet errors:
 7  0     : IP: received my own packet     0     : Bad packet
 8  0     : Bad version                    0     : Bad checksum
 9  0     : Bad area id                    0     : Drop on unnumbered interface
10  0     : Bad virtual link               0     : Bad authentication type
11  0     : Bad authentication key         0     : Packet too small
12  0     : Packet size > ip length        0     : Transmit error
13  0     : Interface down                 0     : Unknown neighbor
14  0     : Bad net segment                0     : Extern option mismatch
15  0     : Router id confusion
16 
17 HELLO packet errors:
18  0     : Netmask mismatch               0     : Hello timer mismatch
19  0     : Dead timer mismatch            0     : Virtual neighbor unknown
20  0     : NBMA neighbor unknown          0     : Invalid Source Address
21 
22 DD packet errors:
23  0     : Neighbor state low             0     : Unknown LSA type
24  0     : MTU option mismatch
25 
26 LS ACK packet errors:
27  0     : Neighbor state low             0     : Unknown LSA type
28 
29 LS REQ packet errors:
30  0     : Neighbor state low             0     : Empty request
31  0     : Bad request
32 
33 LS UPD packet errors:
34  0     : Neighbor state low             0     : Newer self-generate LSA 
35  0     : LSA checksum bad               3     : Received less recent LSA
36  0     : Unknown LSA type
37 
38 Opaque errors:
39  0     : 9-out of flooding scope        0     : 10-out of flooding scope
40  0     : 11-out of flooding scope       0     : Unkown TLV type
41 
42 Retransmission for packet over Limitation errors:
43  0     : Number for DD Packet           0     : Number for Update Packet
44  0     : Number for Request Packet
45 
46 Configuration errors:
47  0     : Tunnel cost mistake
48 <qinghuayuan>
display ospf error

4.查看OSPF包调试信息

  1 <qinghuayuan>terminal debugging   #开启调试模式
  2 <qinghuayuan>debugging ospf packet  #查看OSPF调试包
  3 <qinghuayuan>
  4 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.1-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:
  5  FileID: 0x70178024 Line: 2218 Level: 0x20
  6  OSPF 100: RECV Packet. Interface: Ethernet0/0/0
  7 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.2-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Source Address: 192.1
  8 68.1.1
  9 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.3-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Destination Address: 
 10 224.0.0.5
 11 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.4-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Ver# 2, Type: 1 (Hell
 12 o)
 13 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.5-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Length: 64, Router: 1
 14 .1.1.1
 15 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.6-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Area: 0.0.0.0, Chksum
 16 : 4ea9
 17 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.7-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  AuType: 00
 18 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.8-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Key(ascii): 0 0 0 0 0
 19  0 0 0
 20 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.9-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Net Mask: 255.255.255
 21 .0
 22 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.10-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Hello Int: 10, Optio
 23 n: _E_
 24 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.11-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Rtr Priority: 100, D
 25 ead Int: 40
 26 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.12-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  DR: 192.168.1.1
 27 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.13-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  BDR: 192.168.1.2
 28 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.14-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  # Attached Neighbors
 29 : 5
 30 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.15-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 2.2.2.2
 31 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.16-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 3.3.3.3
 32 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.17-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 4.4.4.4
 33 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.18-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 5.5.5.5
 34 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.19-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 6.6.6.6
 35 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.450.20-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  
 36 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.1-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:
 37  FileID: 0x70178024 Line: 2218 Level: 0x20
 38  OSPF 100: RECV Packet. Interface: Ethernet0/0/0
 39 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.2-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Source Address: 192.1
 40 68.1.6
 41 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.3-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Destination Address: 
 42 224.0.0.5
 43 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.4-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Ver# 2, Type: 1 (Hell
 44 o)
 45 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.5-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Length: 64, Router: 6
 46 .6.6.6
 47 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.6-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Area: 0.0.0.0, Chksum
 48 : 4edb
 49 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.7-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  AuType: 00
 50 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.8-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Key(ascii): 0 0 0 0 0
 51  0 0 0
 52 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.9-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Net Mask: 255.255.255
 53 .0
 54 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.10-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Hello Int: 10, Optio
 55 n: _E_
 56 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.11-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Rtr Priority: 50, De
 57 ad Int: 40
 58 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.12-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  DR: 192.168.1.1
 59 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.13-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  BDR: 192.168.1.2
 60 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.14-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  # Attached Neighbors
 61 : 5
 62 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.15-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 1.1.1.1
 63 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.16-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 2.2.2.2
 64 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.17-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 3.3.3.3
 65 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.18-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 4.4.4.4
 66 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.19-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 5.5.5.5
 67 Apr 15 2017 15:59:59.630.20-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  q
 68 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.1-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:
 69  FileID: 0x70178024 Line: 2218 Level: 0x20
 70  OSPF 100: RECV Packet. Interface: Ethernet0/0/0
 71 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.2-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Source Address: 192.1
 72 68.1.5
 73 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.3-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Destination Address: 
 74 224.0.0.5
 75 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.4-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Ver# 2, Type: 1 (Hell
 76 o)
 77 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.5-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Length: 64, Router: 5
 78 .5.5.5
 79 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.6-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Area: 0.0.0.0, Chksum
 80 : 4f0c
 81 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.7-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  AuType: 00
 82 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.8-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Key(ascii): 0 0 0 0 0
 83  0 0 0
 84 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.9-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Net Mask: 255.255.255
 85 .0
 86 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.10-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Hello Int: 10, Optio
 87 n: _E_
 88 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.11-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Rtr Priority: 1, Dea
 89 d Int: 40
 90 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.12-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  DR: 192.168.1.1
 91 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.13-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  BDR: 192.168.1.2
 92 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.14-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  # Attached Neighbors
 93 : 5
 94 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.15-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 1.1.1.1
 95 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.16-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 2.2.2.2
 96 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.17-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 3.3.3.3
 97 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.18-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 4.4.4.4
 98 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.19-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 6.6.6.6
 99 Apr 15 2017 16:00:01.270.20-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  
100 Apr 15 2017 16:00:02.640.1-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:
101  FileID: 0x70178025 Line: 556 Level: 0x20
102  OSPF 100: SEND Packet. Interface: Ethernet0/0/1
103 Apr 15 2017 16:00:02.640.2-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Source Address: 172.3
104 0.1.254
105 Apr 15 2017 16:00:02.640.3-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Destination Address: 
106 224.0.0.5
107 Apr 15 2017 16:00:02.640.4-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Ver# 2, Type: 1 (Hell
108 o)
109 Apr 15 2017 16:00:02.640.5-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Length: 44, Router: 3
110 .3.3.3
111 Apr 15 2017 16:00:02.640.6-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Area: 0.0.0.0, Chksum
112 : 487c
113 Apr 15 2017 16:00:02.640.7-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  AuType: 00
114 Apr 15 2017 16:00:02.640.8-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Key(ascii): 0 0 0 0 0
115  0 0 0
116 Apr 15 2017 16:00:02.640.9-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Net Mask: 255.255.255
117 .0
118 Apr 15 2017 16:00:02.640.10-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Hello Int: 10, Optio
119 n: _E_
120 Apr 15 2017 16:00:02.640.11-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Rtr Priority: 1, Dea
121 d Int: 40
122 Apr 15 2017 16:00:02.640.12-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  DR: 172.30.1.254
123 Apr 15 2017 16:00:02.640.13-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  BDR: 0.0.0.0
124 Apr 15 2017 16:00:02.640.14-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  # Attached Neighbors
125 : 0
126 Apr 15 2017 16:00:02.640.15-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  
127 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.1-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:
128  FileID: 0x70178024 Line: 2218 Level: 0x20
129  OSPF 100: RECV Packet. Interface: Ethernet0/0/0
130 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.2-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Source Address: 192.16
131 8.1.2
132 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.3-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Destination Address: 2
133 24.0.0.5
134 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.4-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Ver# 2, Type: 1 (Hello
135 )
136 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.5-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Length: 64, Router: 2.
137 2.2.2
138 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.6-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Area: 0.0.0.0, Chksum:
139  4f0c
140 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.7-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  AuType: 00
141 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.8-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Key(ascii): 0 0 0 0 0 
142 0 0 0
143 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.9-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Net Mask: 255.255.255.
144 0
145 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.10-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Hello Int: 10, Option
146 : _E_
147 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.11-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Rtr Priority: 1, Dead
148  Int: 40
149 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.12-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  DR: 192.168.1.1
150 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.13-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  BDR: 192.168.1.2
151 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.14-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  # Attached Neighbors:
152  5
153 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.15-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 1.1.1.1
154 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.16-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 3.3.3.3
155 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.17-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 4.4.4.4
156 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.18-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 5.5.5.5
157 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.19-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 6.6.6.6
158 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.70.20-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  
159 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.1-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:
160  FileID: 0x70178025 Line: 556 Level: 0x20
161  OSPF 100: SEND Packet. Interface: Ethernet0/0/0
162 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.2-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Source Address: 192.1
163 68.1.3
164 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.3-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Destination Address: 
165 224.0.0.5
166 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.4-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Ver# 2, Type: 1 (Hell
167 o)
168 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.5-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Length: 64, Router: 3
169 .3.3.3
170 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.6-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Area: 0.0.0.0, Chksum
171 : 4f0c
172 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.7-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  AuType: 00
173 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.8-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Key(ascii): 0 0 0 0 0
174  0 0 0
175 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.9-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Net Mask: 255.255.255
176 .0
177 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.10-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Hello Int: 10, Optio
178 n: _E_
179 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.11-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Rtr Priority: 1, Dea
180 d Int: 40
181 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.12-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  DR: 192.168.1.1
182 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.13-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  BDR: 192.168.1.2
183 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.14-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  # Attached Neighbors
184 : 5
185 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.15-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 1.1.1.1
186 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.16-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 2.2.2.2
187 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.17-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 4.4.4.4
188 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.18-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 5.5.5.5
189 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.19-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 6.6.6.6
190 Apr 15 2017 16:00:03.180.20-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  
191 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.1-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:
192  FileID: 0x70178024 Line: 2218 Level: 0x20
193  OSPF 100: RECV Packet. Interface: Ethernet0/0/0
194 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.2-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Source Address: 192.1
195 68.1.4
196 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.3-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Destination Address: 
197 224.0.0.5
198 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.4-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Ver# 2, Type: 1 (Hell
199 o)
200 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.5-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Length: 64, Router: 4
201 .4.4.4
202 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.6-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Area: 0.0.0.0, Chksum
203 : 4f0c
204 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.7-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  AuType: 00
205 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.8-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Key(ascii): 0 0 0 0 0
206  0 0 0
207 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.9-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Net Mask: 255.255.255
208 .0
209 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.10-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Hello Int: 10, Optio
210 n: _E_
211 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.11-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  Rtr Priority: 1, Dea
212 d Int: 40
213 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.12-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  DR: 192.168.1.1
214 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.13-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  BDR: 192.168.1.2
215 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.14-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:  # Attached Neighbors
216 : 5
217 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.15-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 1.1.1.1
218 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.16-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 2.2.2.2
219 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.17-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 3.3.3.3
220 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.18-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 5.5.5.5
221 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.19-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:    Neighbor: 6.6.6.6
222 Apr 15 2017 16:00:04.470.20-08:00 qinghuayuan RM/6/RMDEBUG:   User interface con0 is available
223 
224 <qinghuayuan>undo debugging all  #关闭调试模式
225 Info: All possible debugging has been turned off.
226 <qinghuayuan>
debugging ospf packet

 

当你的才华还撑不起你的野心的时候,你就应该静下心来学习。当你的能力还驾驭不了你的目标的时候,你就应该沉下心来历练。问问自己,想要怎样的人生。 欢迎加入基础架构自动化运维:598432640,大数据SRE进阶之路:959042252,DevOps进阶之路:526991186
posted @ 2017-04-14 22:40  尹正杰  阅读(52955)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报