使用wrk进行性能测试

1 wrk介绍

wrk是一款现代化的HTTP性能测试工具,即使运行在单核CPU上也能产生显著的压力。它融合了一种多线程设计,并使用了一些可扩展事件通知机制,例如epoll and kqueue。一个可选的LuaJIT脚本能产生HTTP请求,响应处理和自定义报告,更详细的脚本内容可以参考scripts目录下的一些例子。

2 wrk下载和安装

先安装git

cd /usr/local/src
sudo yum install git -y

下载wrk文件

git clone https://github.com/wg/wrk.git  
cd wrk  
make  

编译成功后,目录下就会有一个wrk文件。如果编译过程中,出现如下错误:

若报错gcc: Command not found,则需安装gcc,参考wrk编译报错gcc: Command not found

若报错fatal error: openssl/ssl.h: No such file or directory,则需要安装openssl的库。

sudo apt-get install libssl-dev 

或者

sudo yum install  openssl-devel 

3 一个简单的例子

wrk -t12 -c400 -d30s http://127.0.0.1:8080/index.html

它将会产生如下测试,12个线程(threads),保持400个HTTP连接(connections)开启,测试时间30秒(seconds)。

详细的命令行参数如下:

-c,    --connections(连接数):      total number of HTTP connections to keep open with each thread handling N = connections/threads

-d,    --duration(测试持续时间):     duration of the test, e.g. 2s, 2m, 2h

-t,    --threads(线程):            total number of threads to use

-s,    --script(脚本):             LuaJIT script, see SCRIPTING

-H,    --header(头信息):           HTTP header to add to request, e.g. "User-Agent: wrk"

       --latency(响应信息):         print detailed latency statistics

       --timeout(超时时间):         record a timeout if a response is not received within this amount of time.

下面是输出结果:

Running 30s test @ http://127.0.0.1:8080/index.html
  12 threads and 400 connections
  Thread Stats   Avg      Stdev     Max   +/- Stdev
    Latency   635.91us    0.89ms  12.92ms   93.69%
    Req/Sec    56.20k     8.07k   62.00k    86.54%
  22464657 requests in 30.00s, 17.76GB read
Requests/sec: 748868.53
Transfer/sec:    606.33MB

结果解读如下:

Latency: 响应信息, 包括平均值, 标准偏差, 最大值, 正负一个标准差占比。
Req/Sec: 每个线程每秒钟的完成的请求数,同样有平均值,标准偏差,最大值,正负一个标准差占比。
30秒钟总共完成请求数为22464657,读取数据量为17.76GB。
线程总共平均每秒钟处理748868.53个请求(QPS),每秒钟读取606.33MB数据量。

4 发送post请求例子

首先需要创建一个post.lua文件,内容如下:

wrk.method = "POST"
wrk.headers["uid"] = "127.0.0.1"
wrk.headers["Content-Type"] = "application/json"
wrk.body     ='{"uid":"127.0.0.1","Version":"1.0","devicetype":"web","port":"8080"}'

测试执行命令如下:

./wrk --latency -t100 -c1500  -d120s --timeout=15s -s post.lua http://127.0.0.1:8080/index.html

这个脚本加入了--lantency:输出结果里可以看到响应时间分布情况,

Running 2m test @ http://127.0.0.1:8080/index.html
  100 threads and 1500 connections
  Thread Stats   Avg      Stdev     Max   +/- Stdev
    Latency   127.26ms  157.88ms   2.44s    87.94%
    Req/Sec   177.91     45.09     1.10k    69.97%
  Latency Distribution
     50%   66.05ms
     75%  143.57ms
     90%  325.41ms
     99%  760.20ms
  2138290 requests in 2.00m, 3.17GB read
Requests/sec:  17804.57
Transfer/sec:  27.05MB

5 带随机参数的get请求例子

如果想构造不同的get请求,请求带随机参数,则lua脚本如下:

request = function()
num = math.random(1000,9999)
   path = "/test.html?t=" .. num
   return wrk.format("GET", path)
end

6 添加参数txt文件的get请求例子

如果要测试的url需要参数化,uids.txt文件内容如下:

100
101
102

lua脚本如下:

urimap = {}
counter = 0
function init(args)
    for line in io.lines("uids.txt") do
       print(line)
       urimap[counter] = line
       counter = counter + 1
   end
   counter = 0
end

request = function()
   local path ="/GetInfo.aspx?u=%s&m=1"
   parms = urimap[counter%(table.getn(urimap) + 1)]
   path = string.format(path,parms)
   counter = counter + 1
   return wrk.format(nil, path) 
end

7 添加参数txt文件的post请求例子

lua脚本如下:

urimap = {}
counter = 0
function init(args)
    for line in io.lines("uids.txt") do
       urimap[counter] = line
       counter = counter + 1
   end
   counter = 0
end

request = function()
   local body1 = '{"uid":"100%s'
   local body2 = '","name":"1"}'
   parms = urimap[counter%(table.getn(urimap) + 1)]
   path = "/getinfo"
   method = "POST"
   wrk.headers["Content-Type"] = "application/json"
   body = string.format(body1,parms)..body2
   counter = counter + 1
   return wrk.format(method, path, wrk.headers, body)
end

若参数txt中有转义字符,可用如下方法处理:

parms = string.gsub(urimap[counter%(table.getn(urimap) + 1)],'\r','')

如果要打印返回数据,可添加如下脚本:

a=1
function response(status, headers, body)
   if(a==1)
   then
           a=2
          print(body)
      end
end

8 提交不同表单内容例子

lua脚本如下:

wrk.method = "POST"
wrk.body = ""
wrk.headers["Content-Type"] = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"

-- 提交不同表单内容
local queries = {
    "version=1.0",
    "version=2.0",
    "version=3.0"
}
local i = 0
request = function()
    local body = wrk.format(nil, nil, nil, queries[i % #queries + 1])
    i = i + 1
    return body
end

9 访问多个url例子

如果要随机测试多个url,可参考wrk-scripts这个项目。

需要创建一个文件名为paths.txt,里面每行是一个要测试的url网址。lua脚本如下:

counter = 0

-- Initialize the pseudo random number generator - http://lua-users.org/wiki/MathLibraryTutorial
math.randomseed(os.time())
math.random(); math.random(); math.random()

function file_exists(file)
  local f = io.open(file, "rb")
  if f then f:close() end
  return f ~= nil
end

function shuffle(paths)
  local j, k
  local n = #paths
  for i = 1, n do
    j, k = math.random(n), math.random(n)
    paths[j], paths[k] = paths[k], paths[j]
  end
  return paths
end

function non_empty_lines_from(file)
  if not file_exists(file) then return {} end
  lines = {}
  for line in io.lines(file) do
    if not (line == '') then
      lines[#lines + 1] = line
    end
  end
  return shuffle(lines)
end

paths = non_empty_lines_from("paths.txt")

if #paths <= 0 then
  print("multiplepaths: No paths found. You have to create a file paths.txt with one path per line")
  os.exit()
end

print("multiplepaths: Found " .. #paths .. " paths")

request = function()
    path = paths[counter]
    counter = counter + 1
    if counter > #paths then
      counter = 0
    end
    return wrk.format(nil, path)
end

 

posted @ 2018-01-28 19:31  ycyzharry  阅读(8996)  评论(1编辑  收藏  举报