大学英语四听说文本

 
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u05_2.1_1n.mp3
u05_2.1_1s.mp3
文件名说明
u+单元+第几部分+第几题 
一个单元有5部分的,每部分各有若题
n normal 正常语速
s slow 慢语速
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test
IDUNITTESTIDTitleScript
Script_SndQuesQues_SndAns1Ans2Ans3Ans4Corr
1 1 1.1 Do You Like to Be Famous? M: You're telling me that you'd rather be famous than be respected as a good person?^
W: Well, I don't know.
It's just that I see all these famous people on TV, and, well, it's hard not to want the same thing for myself -- attention, love from millions of people...^
M: Love? Do you think people actually love celebrities?
I don't think so!
The public enjoys watching famous people get into trouble even more than they like watching them succeed.
Besides, being a famous person means never having time to yourself -- appearing before crowds, having people follow you around 24-7.
Believe me, it isn't fun.^
W: You talk as if you know something about celebrity.
Were you ever famous?^
M: You know the old saying, "Everyone has his 15 minutes of fame"?
Well, I expect to have my 15 minutes someday.
But I don't expect to like it.
u01_1.mp3 The man envies the lives of famous people that he sees on TV.^Generally, audiences like watching celebrities experience hardships.^The man has appeared on television for 15 minutes.           F^T^NG
2 1 1.2 Do You Like to Be Famous? M: You're telling me that you'd rather be famous than be respected as a good person?^
W: Well, I don't know.
It's just that I see all these famous people on TV, and, well, it's hard not to want the same thing for myself -- attention, love from millions of people...^
M: Love? Do you think people actually love celebrities?
I don't think so!
The public enjoys watching famous people get into trouble even more than they like watching them succeed.
Besides, being a famous person means never having time to yourself -- appearing before crowds, having people follow you around 24-7.
Believe me, it isn't fun.^
W: You talk as if you know something about celebrity.
Were you ever famous?^
M: You know the old saying, "Everyone has his 15 minutes of fame"?
Well, I expect to have my 15 minutes someday.
But I don't expect to like it.
u01_1.mp3 Do you prefer to be famous or just be yourself? Give your reasons.
Do you know the bad sides of being famous? Describe it.
           
3 1 2.1 Were You Ever Famous? W: You don't really seem interested in painting pictures, so why did you apply to this art program?^
M: To be honest, I thought that through art, I could become famous. Pretty stupid, huh?^
Q: What can be inferred from this conversation?
u01_2.1_1.mp3     A) The man has come to a new understanding. B) The man has not painted any pictures yet. C) The woman is famous for painting pictures. D) The woman has not accepted the man's application. A
4 1 2.1   W: You have everything you ever wanted! But why do you look so blue?^
M: Ah, man, I discovered that all those things -- money, fame, and the lot -- are all empty.
And in trying to get them, I ignored my art.^
Q: Why is the man not happy?
u01_2.1_2.mp3     A) He created art that is ignored by people. B) He does not have money and fame. C) He is not satisfied with his work as an artist. D) He has not achieved everything he ever wanted. C
5 1 2.1   W: Hey, Marty. What's the matter, pal?
When you first started writing, you did so much better work.
Are you bored or something?^
M: I know my work is suffering, but I don't know the reason.
I don't seem so interested anymore.
Maybe, as you said, I am bored. Who knows?^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u01_2.1_3.mp3     A) The man starting in the writing business. B) The man having problems with his writing. C) The man finding something to keep from being bored. D) The man suffering for a reason he isn't sure of. B
6 1 2.1   W: Is it true what they say about the director?
Does he really work for art, not for fame?^
M: That's what people say, and I'm inclined to believe them.
He certainly hasn't sold out to the cheap film companies.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u01_2.1_4.mp3     A) The man is rarely inclined to believe others. B) The speakers do not know much about the director. C) The director does not sell his art to the public. D) The woman really works for art rather than fame. B
7 1 2.1   W: What's on the schedule for tonight's show?
Something I'm likely to enjoy?^
M: You might like it -- a story about a dancer who sells his soul to become famous and then loses his friends, family, and everything important.^
Q: What is tonight's show about?
u01_2.1_5.mp3     A) A successful salesman. B) A man with famous friends. C) A famous man's family life. D) A troubled dancer. D
8 1 2.1   W: Isn't that the man who won an Academy Award for his cartoon artwork?^
M: What? That tramp? Hey, you know, I think you're right.
Man, what happened to him? He was really famous!^
Q: What happened to the artist at last?
u01_2.1_6.mp3     A) He drew cartoon artwork. B) He became a homeless person. C) He won an Academy Award. D) He became really famous. B
9 1 2.1   W: Look! Look! Look! Look at me, Dad! I've done it! Success, money, popularity...
The world is at the tip of my fingers and I feel like a queen!^
M: Sweetheart, I think you need to cool down a bit.
Don't let all of this success go to your head.^
Q: What has happened to the woman?
u01_2.1_7.mp3     A) She has become a success. B) She has become a queen. C) She has cooled down a bit. D) She has found a new sweetheart. A
10 1 2.1   W: Get a grip on yourself! Don't you dare quit your job!
You really think you can succeed as an actor?
Do you really think you can become famous?^
M: I don't think I need to be famous to succeed.
I'm sure I can get work as an extra and then maybe move on to more interesting roles.^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u01_2.1_8.mp3     A) Quitting a job. B) Becoming famous. C) Working as an actor. D) Getting a simple job. C
11 1 2.1   M: Hey, you! Watch out! Where's your head?
Walking in front of cars like that?^
W: Huh? Ah! Oh! Sorry, I mean... thanks.
I just received word from my agent that my book is to be published. Isn't it wonderful?
Sorry I was daydreaming about the fame to come and forgot to look at the traffic.^
Q: Where is the conversation taking place?
u01_2.1_9.mp3     A) In a book publishing company. B) In a car dealer's lot. C) On a street. D) In an agent's office. C
12 1 2.1   W: Thanks for coming in. I loved your work, but I wish it looked more like your previous pieces.^
M: God! I knew it! Complaints from my teacher, my mother... even my doctor! And now, my boss?
Since I became famous, no one will let me change!^
Q: What is the relationship between the speakers?
u01_2.1_10.mp3     A) Teacher and student. B) Doctor and patient. C) Mother and son. D) Employer and employee. D
13 1 2.2 Fame or Freedom? M: There's only one thing in life worse than being talked about, and that's not being talked about.^
W: That was said by Oscar Wilde, wasn't it?^
M: That's right. You're pretty smart.^
W: I have my moments. But I'm afraid that I won't remember anything else for your test tomorrow.^
M: Well, let's have a run-through.
First, what can you remember about Wilde?^
W: The basics, obviously -- British, 19th century writer....
He was gay, wasn't he?^
M: That's right. And he actually went to jail for it.^
W: Why? There must've been many gays in England at the time.
Why was he singled out to be put in prison?
Or, were the English throwing all gays in jail?^
M: No, not everyone. But things were different for Wilde.
A famous person, like him, isn't free to do what he likes.
People paid more attention to his actions.
There were reporters, and everything that he said and did was watched carefully.^
W: Yeah? It might've been better for him if he wasn't famous.^
M: Maybe. But, then again, if he wasn't well-known, we might not have his wonderful stories today.
u01_2.2.mp3 1. What are the speakers talking about? u01_2.2q1.mp3 A) Oscar Wilde's fame. B) 19th century writers. C) Gays in England. D) Oscar Wilde's literature works. A
14 1 2.2       2. What did Oscar Wilde say? u01_2.2q2.mp3 A) Being talked about is the worst thing. B) Having no one speak about you is the worst thing. C) Talking about others is the worst thing. D) There is one thing worse than not talking. B
15 1 2.2       3. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? u01_2.2q3.mp3 A) Teacher and student. B) Police officer and citizen. C) Mother and son. D) Father and daughter. A
16 1 2.2       4. Why was Oscar Wilde treated differently? u01_2.2q4.mp3 A) Because he was in jail. B) Because he was gay. C) Because he was well-known. D) Because he was a writer. C
17 1 2.2       5. What can be inferred from the conversation? u01_2.2q5.mp3 A) The English threw all gays in prison. B) Fame is both positive and negative. C) Oscar Wilde paid more attention to his actions. D) Oscar Wilde watched reporters carefully. B
18 1 2.3 The Dangers of Fame You young people go crazy over famous people.
Will you listen to me when I tell you your generation is wrong about this?
Let me use an example to illustrate my point to you.^
Marilyn Monroe, you might not even know who she is.
Back in my day, when I was your age, she was a big movie star.
But she wasn't born a movie star, no sir.
She was a simple girl with beauty and innocence until she went to Hollywood to make movies.
That's right. Instead of living out a simple life of integrity and hard work or trying to develop a respectable name in her profession, she sought fame.
Well, I'll tell you, she got her wish.
She made her movies -- All About Eve in 1950, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes in 1953, Some Like It Hot in 1959, and more.
She got into trouble throughout -- drugs, abuse....
All of this came crashing down on her head, and she died at an early age in 1962.
Sad, really.^
I hope that this example shows you the dangers of fame.
Believe me, it's best just to live a simple life.
u01_2.3.mp3 1. What is the speaker talking about? u01_2.3q1.mp3 A) A lesson we can learn from Monroe's life. B) The ways people become big movie stars. C) A simple life of integrity and hard work. D) The movies of Marilyn Monroe. A
19 1 2.3       2. What is TRUE according to what you hear? u01_2.3q2.mp3 A) The speaker is an old person. B) The speaker had beauty and innocence. C) Marilyn Monroe worked hard in Hollywood. D) Marilyn Monroe lived out a simple life. A
20 1 2.3       3. Why did Monroe go to Hollywood? u01_2.3q3.mp3 A) To build on her name. B) To develop integrity. C) To work hard. D) To be in films. D
21 1 2.3       4. When was Some Like It Hot made? u01_2.3q4.mp3 A) In 1950. B) In 1959. C) In 1953. D) In 1962. B
22 1 2.3       5. Why is the speaker telling this story? u01_2.3q5.mp3 A) To warn people about drugs. B) To warn people about movies. C) To warn people about fame. D) To warn people about Monroe. C
23 1 2.4 The Wedding of the Century It was the royal wedding we remember best of all.
Twenty-five years ago tomorrow, Prince Charles married Lady Diana Spencer in London's St. Paul's Cathedral.
CBS News correspondent Randall Pinkston looks back to a perfect day which didn't turn out happily ever after.^
It was the wedding of the century, watched by over half-a-million people in Britain, and a worldwide audience of a staggering 750 million.
The young bride, peering out smilingly from her glass coach, would become the most famous woman in the world, and change the monarchy forever.
But that was in the distant and tragic future.
On this day in July, 1981, joy filled the land.^
This was a moment in history, that, you know, that Prince Charles is going to be king and this was his queen. She was so young, and so beautiful.
And she had already sort of got a stranglehold on the hearts and minds of the people.^
British journalist Victoria Mather was one of the wedding guests that fabled day. ^
"What do you remember most about that day?"^
"I remember most that it was just exactly like anybody else's wedding.
You know, the bride's mom wore a flowery hat.
You know, and there was the naughty little bridesmaid; the bridegroom looked nervous; and the bride fluffed her lines.
I mean it was just so like anybody else's wedding, it was just writ large."^
Like the train of Diana's wedding gown, which seemed to go on forever.
Elizabeth Emanuel, with her then-husband David, designed the dress.
Right after the wedding, they received a phone call.^
"It was Diana, and we, we couldn't believe it, and she had phoned to thank us for making her wedding dress and saying she felt so beautiful in it."
u01_2.4.mp3 1. Charles, prince of England, ______________________________ .
2. Victoria Mather ______________________________ .
3. Diana's mother ______________________________ .
4. The bridesmaid ______________________________ .
5. David Emanuel ______________________________ .
  was a guest at the wedding ceremony^wore a hat with flowers at the wedding^was very large^was one of the designers of the wedding dress^married in St. Paul's Cathedral^is remembered as having been naughty^became king of Britain       married in St. Paul's Cathedral^was a guest at the wedding ceremony^wore a hat with flowers at the wedding^is remembered as having been naughty^was one of the designers of the wedding dress
24 1 2.5 Being Famous Is Good People often say that being famous is a hassle. I don't see why.
From what I've seen, from people on TV and in movies, having fame is a never-ending joy.
Right here, I'd like to introduce the reasons behind my thought.^
Firstly, famous people enjoy a status that other people simply don't have.
With this higher status, famous people can enjoy such pleasures as getting a table at a crowded restaurant whenever they want one.
People look up to and respect those with fame.^
Secondly, famous people receive attention from others.
How often do you feel ignored and unheard by others?
Famous people don't have this problem.
When they speak, people listen.^
Thirdly, famous people can often use their fame to make money.
They can bring attention to products and receive money for doing so, or they can act in movies.^
I, for one, would like to be famous.
And I suspect that even people who are against fame would secretly like to be famous too.
u01_2.5.mp3 1^1^1   0^0^0   Reasons why being famous is good   Famous people have high status.^Famous people receive attention.^Famous people can make money.
25 1 2.6 Bang Bang, My Baby Shot Me Down I was five and he was six^
We rode on horses made of sticks^
He wore black and I wore white^
He would always win the fight^^
Bang bang^
He shot me down, bang bang^
I hit the ground, bang bang^
That awful sound, bang bang^
My baby shot me down^^
Seasons came and changed the time^
When I grew up, I called him mine^
He would always laugh and say^
Remember when we used to play^^
Bang bang^
I shot you down, bang bang^
You hit the ground, bang bang^
That awful sound, bang bang^
I used to shoot you down^^
Music played and people sang^
Just for me the church bells rang^^
Now he's gone I don't know why^
And till this day sometimes I cry^
He didn't even say goodbye^
He didn't take the time to lie^
Bang bang^
He shot me down, bang bang^
I hit the ground, bang bang^
That awful sound, bang bang^
My baby shot me down
u01_2.6.mp3              
26 1 3.1 Frequency A: What does your wife do in her spare time?^
B: Well, she goes to the cinema or to the theater.^
A: How often does she go to the cinema?^
B: Every two weeks.
               
27 1 3.1   A: It's been two months since you came to China.^
B: Yeah. I miss home very much.^
A: Do you often call your parents?^
B: No. I usually send them e-mails.^
A: How many times a week?^
B: Every other day.
               
28 1 3.1   A: Do I need to feed the fish three times a day?^
B: No. Once is enough.^
A: Do I have to change the water every day?^
B: No, not necessary.
               
29 1 3.1 Sequence A: Did you grow up there?^
B: Yeah, I grew up in the suburbs.^
A: When did you graduate from high school?^
B: At 16.^
A: And what did you do after that?^
B: Then I went to college.
               
30 1 3.1   A: Mom, can you tell me how to cook rice?^
B: First wash the rice in cold water; then put it into a pot.^
A: What should I do after that?^
B: After that cover it with water.
Then bring it to the boil and cook it for about 20 minutes.
               
31 1 3.1   A: What did Tony do after graduation?^
B: Well, you'll never believe this, as soon as he graduated, he went off to see the world.^
A: Really? So, where did he go first?^
B: First he went to South Africa.^
A: No kidding! What did he do after leaving South Africa?^
B: Then he went to Belgium and taught English there for several years.
               
32 1 3.2 Being Famous Is Good People often say that being famous is a hassle. I don't see why.
From what I've seen, from people on TV and in movies, having fame is a never-ending joy.
Right here, I'd like to introduce the reasons behind my thought.^
Firstly, famous people enjoy a status that other people simply don't have.
With this higher status, famous people can enjoy such pleasures as getting a table at a crowded restaurant whenever they want one.
People look up to and respect those with fame.^
Secondly, famous people receive attention from others.
How often do you feel ignored and unheard by others?
Famous people don't have this problem.
When they speak, people listen.^
Thirdly, famous people can often use their fame to make money.
They can bring attention to products and receive money for doing so, or they can act in movies.^
I, for one, would like to be famous.
And I suspect that even people who are against fame would secretly like to be famous too.
u01_2.5.mp3     The speaker believes that being famous has three benefits.^Being famous is good for three reasons.        
33 1 3.3 The Push of Fame Money, awards, and attention often come with fame.
For some people, these things have a corrupting influence.
They cling to their fame, seek to make more money, and stop being creative.
This wasn't the case with Marie Curie, one of the greatest scientists in history.^
Curie became the first woman to win a Nobel Prize in 1903.
This did not stop her from continuing to work and make even more discoveries and inventions.
For her ceaseless efforts and scientific discoveries, Curie earned her second Nobel Prize in 1911.
She was the first person ever to receive two Nobel Prizes.
Fame was never a burden to Curie.^
It wouldn't have been surprising had Curie become a millionaire.
She did not and never thought of money!
Instead of patenting her work, she allowed other scientists to use it freely so they could also help mankind.
She also donated 2 grams of radium for research work.
And during World War II, she was a volunteer in hospitals, helping them make use of radiation.
u01_3.3.mp3 What is the correct attitude towards fame? What should people do in the face of fame?   In light of Marie Curie's example, we are asked to say something of fame. Curie set a high standard for famous people. Having achieved fame, she continued her work. Not only that, but she remained unselfish. Though she could've earned greater riches and enjoyed a more comfortable life, she didn't. She put others first, and she put her work before herself. She lived and died for her work, and nothing more could be asked of a person. Her example shows us two things. First, it shows that there is nothing wrong with fame. Fame is a symbol of success in one's career. When one has achieved it, fame shows that a person has done well. It can even encourage people to work even harder, to do even better work. Following this idea, people can have a positive attitude toward fame -- not making it a burden, but avoiding the corruption that can occur because of it. Second, Curie's example shows us what a person should do in the face of fame. So many people, after they have become famous, allow themselves to be corrupted. After becoming famous, they stop working hard or they take making money as their goal. It is clear that in doing this they have not acted well in the face of fame. These corrupted individuals should look at the life of Curie. Famous people, after having proven themselves well, should continue doing well. This is true for all famous people. Whether it is in the arts or in the sciences, accomplishment and selfless devotion to work should continue. In this way, the world will become better for all people.        
34 1 4.1 Fame Hi, my name is Farben, I'm from Germany and I want to talk about fame.
Well, everybody dreams about being famous, of course.
When you are young you want to be a pop star or a movie star, of course.
Everybody dreams about things like this.
I think, well, it will be very interesting if I could be a pop star for one day I would take the chance, of course.
You can attend a lot of, uh, interesting events.
You can go out with your friends to nice restaurants because, maybe,
you are famous, you have money, somebody will invite you, all the good things, of course.
But then when I think about it, I think there are also a lot of bad sides of being famous.
For example, you have no personality at all and you all the time have to play your role.
You have to behave in public.
You have to be, maybe, very secret when you want to meet your girlfriend or whatever
and I think they are all bad parts about being famous.
And when I think about all those kind of bad things, um,
I would like to be just myself, just stay myself and not be famous at all.^
Hi, this is Kim and I'm here to talk to you about being famous.
Well, not that, you know, I'm famous but I grew up in California the celebrity kingdom of the world.
You know, I used to go to Laker's basketball games and I would see Jack Nicholson sitting in the front.
And we would wave hello and he would wave back.
But it's not about being Jack Nicholson either.
It's just that, you know, um, being raised in a Korean family, I know that,
uh, being a performer in Korea, if you're a singer, a dancer or actor, you know,
uh, traditionally you are not recognized to be kind of like high class
like the way it is in the West with all the glamors and stuff.
In fact, uh, being a performer is actually not very well received and respected.
Meaning that you usually don't have much education, or you didn't come from very good family,
hence the reason why you are in performing arts.
So we don't get the kind of fame that, that, that we do in the West.
But you know I think people do different things and they should be appreciated for what they do.^
Hello, my name is Steve and I come from England.
A famous person commands a high degree of public and media attention.
Some people become globally famous.
Some people just become famous in their country.
Some people become famous by drawing attention to themselves.
Al Gore was well known in the U.S. as the vice-president.
But it wasn't until he embarked on an environmental crusade that he became famous around the world.
A smaller number of celebrities can be thought of as globally famous.
The rise of international celebrities and popular music is due to the rise of the mass media.
Being famous may seem glamorous but there is a downside to being watched by the world's media.
The paparazzi follow celebrities to take their photographs.
And some, like Britney Spears, seem to find the level of fame difficult to handle.^
Hi. My name is Ted, and I'm from the United States of America.
Today I'm going to talk a little bit about fame, being famous.
And to be honest, I'm happy I'm not famous. I wouldn't want to be famous.
I think there are more downsides to being famous than upsides.
There are more bad things than good things.
For example, I get a little taste of it living here in Asia.
Sometimes, for example, when I go out to eat, it seems as if people in the restaurant are looking at me.
Maybe because I'm the only westerner in the restaurant.
I wouldn't want that feeling every day, everywhere I went, everyone looking at me.
I like to blend in. I like to be anonymous, so I don't think fame is a good thing.
I wouldn't mind, I would like to be rich on the other hand,
so in my case I think the best situation would be if I was very rich, but I wasn't famous.
So I was secretly rich, and no one knew about it, that would be the best situation.
I don't want to be famous. I just want to be rich.
              Farben.jpg^Kim.jpg^Steve.jpg^Ted01.jpg
35 1 4.2       Farben: Being famous has both its good sides and bad sides.
Kim: To be a performer, one needs to have good education or come from wealthy family.
Steve: Al Gore became globally famous because he was vice-president of the US.
Ted: Being rich is more important than being famous.
  T
F
F
T
      Farben1.jpg^Kim1.jpg^Steve1.jpg^Ted011.jpg
36 1 4.3                    
37 1 5.1 Friendship W: How important are friends to you, Bill?^
M: That's kind of a strange question for this setting, don't you think so?^
W: Well, the teacher hasn't come in yet, class hasn't begun, and I was just wondering about it.
So, what do you think about friends?^
M: I've never regarded them as particularly important.
Perhaps that's because I come from a big family -- two brothers and three sisters, and lots of cousins.
That's what's really important to me. What about you, Emma?^
W: My situation, you know, is different, so I have different ideas.
To me friendship... having friends... people I know I can really count on... to me that's the most important thing in life.
It's more important even than love.
If you love someone, you can always fall out of love again, and that can lead to a lot of hurt feelings and bitterness.
But a good friend is a friend for life.^
M: In my mind, a friend is someone who likes the same things as you do, with whom you can argue without losing your temper, even if you don't always agree with him.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. What are the speakers talking about?^
2. What has the man always thought?^
3. What can be inferred from the conversation?^
4. What does the man think about friends?^
5. Where is the conversation taking place?
u01_5.1.mp3     Q1: What are the speakers talking about?
Ans: D
Q2: What has the man always thought?
Ans: A
Q3: What can be inferred from the conversation?
Ans: B
Q4: What does the man think about friends?
Ans: B
Q5: Where is the conversation taking place?
Ans: A
       
38 1 5.2 "The King Is Dead" At the age of 41, Clark Gable, one of Hollywood's biggest actors, enlisted in the army, serving in World War II.
Gable's postwar films were, for the most part, disappointing, as was his 1949 marriage.
Dropped by both his wife and his studio, Gable ventured out as a freelance actor in 1955, quickly becoming the highest paid actor in Hollywood.
He again found happiness with his fifth wife and continued his career in such critical failures as Teacher's Pet, released in 1958.
In 1960, Gable was signed for the "modern" Western, The Misfits.
The troubled and tragic history of this film has been well documented, but, despite the on-set tension, Gable took on the task uncomplainingly, going so far as to perform several grueling stunt scenes involving wild horses.
The strain of filming, however, coupled with his ever-robust lifestyle, proved too much for the actor.
Clark Gable suffered a heart attack two days after the completion of The Misfits and died in 1960 at the age of 59, just a few months before the birth of his first son.
Most of the nation's newspapers announced the death of Clark Gable with a four-word headline: "The King is Dead."^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What is this passage about?^
2. When did Gable become a freelance actor?^
3. What can we know about Gable from the passage?^
4. What is described as being "tragic" in the passage?^
5. What can be inferred from the passage?
u01_5.2.mp3     Q1: What is this passage about?
Ans: C
Q2: When did Gable become a freelance actor?
Ans: A
Q3: What can we know about Gable from the passage?
Ans: B
Q4: What is described as being "tragic" in the passage?
Ans: B
Q5: What can be inferred from the passage?
Ans: A
       
39 1 5.3 Nursing at Beth Israel Nursing at Beth Israel Hospital produces the best patient care possible.
If we are to solve the nursing shortage, hospital administration and doctors everywhere would do well to follow Beth Israel's example.^
At Beth Israel, each patient is assigned to a primary nurse who visits at length with the patient and constructs a full-scale health account that covers everything from his or her medical history to his or her emotional state.
Then, the nurse writes a care plan, one that is not only centered on the patient's illness but also one which includes everything else that is necessary.^
The primary nurse stays with the patient throughout his or her hospitalization, keeping track of his or her progress and seeking further advice from the doctor.
If a patient at Beth Israel is not responding to treatment, it is not uncommon for the nurse to propose another approach to the doctor.
What the doctors at Beth Israel have in the primary nurse is a true colleague.^
Nursing at Beth Israel also involves a decentralized nursing administration; every floor and every unit is a self-contained organization.
There are nurse-managers instead of head nurses; in addition to their medical duties, they do all their own hiring and firing, and employee advising.
They even make salary recommendations.
Each unit's nurses decide among themselves who will work what shifts and when.^
Beth Israel's nurse-in-chief ranks as an equal with other vice presidents of the hospital.
The nurse-in-chief is also a member of the Medical Executive Committee, which in most hospitals includes only doctors.
u01_5.3.mp3     1) shortage
2) assigned
3) centered
4) hospitalization
5) treatment
6) colleague
7) decentralized
8) There are nurse-managers instead of head nurses
9) decide among themselves who will work what shifts and when
10) an equal with other vice presidents of the hospital
       
40 1 5.4 Imitate the Speaker I believe that fame and celebrity, influence and power, success and failure, reality and illusion are all somehow neatly woven into a seamless fabric we laughingly call reality.
I say to those who desperately seek fame and fortune, celebrity: good luck.
But what will you do when you have caught your tail, your success, your fame?
Keep chasing it?
If you do catch it, hang on for dear life because falling is not as painful as landing.^^
From "Fame"
u01_5.4.mp3              
46 2 1.1 Originality Is Important M: Ladies and gentlemen, novelist and poet, Sandra Marie...^
W: Thank you, thank you...^
M: Thank you for joining us.^
W: It's a pleasure to be here.
You know, I watch your show every day.^
M: Do you really? Well, these days there are many people watching you.^
W: Yes, I've gotten a lot of attention lately -- that's true -- all because of my little book.^
M: Oh... don't be modest!
Your book is amazingly bold, one of the most original pieces of fiction I've ever read.^
W: Originality is important, for sure.
In fact, I think it is the most important part of being a creative person.
Surely, it doesn't make much sense to write something, or do something, that has been done before or even that is similar in style to anything else already put out there.^
M: Well put! Thank you!
Sandra Marie... everybody!
u02_1.mp3 Why has the woman received so much attention?^What is one of the most important things to a creative person?^In what ways are you original and unlike all other people?   0^0^0       For writing an original book.^Originality.^Being original is very important to me, and I have made it a point to be original. For instance, I have tried to be original by working out variations to dance steps in my dance classes. Also, I have tried to be unique in painting unusual paintings, and, most of all, I have created a scientific theory about human migrations.
47 2 1.2 Originality Is Important M: Ladies and gentlemen, novelist and poet, Sandra Marie...^
W: Thank you, thank you...^
M: Thank you for joining us.^
W: It's a pleasure to be here.
You know, I watch your show every day.^
M: Do you really? Well, these days there are many people watching you.^
W: Yes, I've gotten a lot of attention lately -- that's true -- all because of my little book.^
M: Oh... don't be modest!
Your book is amazingly bold, one of the most original pieces of fiction I've ever read.^
W: Originality is important, for sure.
In fact, I think it is the most important part of being a creative person.
Surely, it doesn't make much sense to write something, or do something, that has been done before or even that is similar in style to anything else already put out there.^
M: Well put! Thank you!
Sandra Marie... everybody!
u02_1.mp3 Do you think you are a person having your own style? Give your reasons.
What makes you stand out from the crowd, the way you dress or the way you think? Give your reasons.
           
48 2 2.1 Be Original W: I don't quite understand what made Charlie Chaplin such a popular movie star.^
M: Serious? Look at his work and compare it to other films of the time.
He was so original that people were really surprised by his films.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u02_2.1_1.mp3     A) Movie stars of Chaplin's time compared themselves to Chaplin. B) The woman doesn't understand the meaning of Chaplin's films. C) Charlie Chaplin was original in that he surprised people. D) The man appreciates Charlie Chaplin's films. D
49 2 2.1   W: My drama teacher said Chaplin is an excellent model for a young actor to pattern himself on.^
M: I'd be hard-pressed to argue with that.
The guy was innovative and possessed such a creative mind.
Yeah, try to be like him.^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u02_2.1_2.mp3     A) Models for a young actor B) Arguments against Chaplin. C) Chaplin's drama teacher. D) Chaplin as a role model. D
50 2 2.1   W: I've given some thought to entering politics when I get older -- you know, maybe working behind the scenes to help someone get a position in government.^
M: Why not run for office yourself?
Are you afraid of standing out as a female politician?^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u02_2.1_3.mp3     A) The woman is afraid of politics. B) The man has run for office. C) People in politics are old. D) Female politicians are rare. D
51 2 2.1   W: I admire her, not because she's a woman in the tough, male world of international politics, but because she's so honest.^
M: Yeah, I feel the same way. Certainly, there aren't many people as true to their word as she is.^
Q: What does the man think about the politician?
u02_2.1_4.mp3     A) She's admired by tough men. B) She's tougher than men. C) She's honest. D) She's like many other people. C
52 2 2.1   W: You know, our family is really special.
Many of our ancestors are remembered as great inventors and scientists who contributed new ideas to society.^
M: Yes, that's what I've also heard from Uncle Marty.
He said our family tree was full of geniuses.^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u02_2.1_5.mp3     A) Their society. B) Their family. C) Their uncle. D) Their tree. B
53 2 2.1   W: Did you see what I made? It's a light bulb that'll never burn out.^
M: That's amazing! A thing like that could make you famous.
You should contact a patent office as soon as possible and register a claim!^
Q: What will make the woman famous?
u02_2.1_6.mp3     A) Her new invention. B) The patent office. C) Her claim. D) The contacts she's made. A
54 2 2.1   W: No matter what a person says about me, no one can say that I'm not original.^
M: For sure, that's one criticism that no one will hit you with.
Your artwork is definitely unique. And I think that's really important.^
Q: According to the man, what should be valued above all else?
u02_2.1_7.mp3     A) Producing art that's unlike other art. B) Criticizing artwork that's not unique. C) Saying what you can about artwork. D) Being important in the world of art. A
55 2 2.1   W: What do you think? Is it dangerous to be unlike other people sometimes?^
M: Nah. I think it's more dangerous to be similar to others -- that's when you run the risk of becoming insignificant and forgotten.^
Q: According to the man, what is dangerous?
u02_2.1_8.mp3     A) Being insignificant. B) Being like other people. C) Forgetting other people. D) Running certain risks. B
56 2 2.1   M: I suppose I could've been successful by being like other people, but I felt that I should express my own original ideas.
And I think this is a lesson you should learn.^
W: Ma says the same thing about her success.
I guess thinking the same about that is what first brought you two together?^
Q: What is the relationship between the speakers?
u02_2.1_9.mp3     A) Teacher and student. B) Mother and son. C) Father and daughter. D) Employer and employee. C
57 2 2.1   W: I'm not saying that your work is poor, just that it lacks imagination.
You haven't done anything to set yourself apart from your classmates.^
M: If my assignments look so much like others, why do you give me lower grades than you give them?^
Q: What is the relationship between the speakers?
u02_2.1_10.mp3     A) Wife and husband. B) Employer and employee. C) Father and daughter. D) Teacher and student. D
58 2 2.2 Do Something Original M: Look at you, all dressed up in a bowler hat, looking all dapper like Charlie Chaplin.
It's not Halloween, though.
Are you going to leave the house looking like that?^
W: Would you believe that I'm going to a party?^
M: If there was a party tonight, I would've heard about it by now.
So what's the deal?^
W: I'm auditioning for a film. I thought, well, this look worked well for Chaplin.^
M: So you thought it'd work for you.
I don't think much of that idea.^
W: Why not? Chaplin got a lot of success because of his Little Tramp costume.
And I've copied it exactly.^
M: Chaplin did very well -- but that's because the look was original.
He didn't copy anyone in Hollywood.^
W: But look, I'm a woman, a woman dressed like Chaplin.
That's original, isn't it?^
M: I'm afraid not. I'm pretty sure that I've seen other women do the same thing.
If you really want to succeed like Chaplin did, you should do what he did.
Try to invent and develop something people haven't seen before.^
W: I guess you're right.
I'll go back up to my room and change.
u02_2.2.mp3 1. What are the speakers talking about? u02_2.2q1.mp3 A) Hollywood at the time of Chaplin. B) A party for Charlie Chaplin. C) Charlie Chaplin's women. D) The reason for Chaplin's success. D
59 2 2.2       2. Why is the woman dressed like Chaplin? u02_2.2q2.mp3 A) Because she wants to be successful. B) Because she is going to a party. C) Because she is making a film. D) Because it is Halloween. A
60 2 2.2       3. What can be inferred from the conversation? u02_2.2q3.mp3 A) There are no copies in Hollywood. B) There is no party tonight. C) Chaplin copied Hollywood. D) Chaplin copied the Little Tramp. B
61 2 2.2       4. Besides "be original", what advice does the man have for the woman? u02_2.2q4.mp3 A) Do what Chaplin did. B) Practice her acting skills. C) Go up to her room and change. D) Dress like Chaplin. B
62 2 2.2       5. Where is the conversation taking place? u02_2.2q5.mp3 A) At the speakers' home. B) In the cinema. C) At a party. D) In Hollywood. A
63 2 2.3 Charlie Chaplin Some people stand out as truly special and one of a kind.
Charlie Chaplin, a superstar of silent comedies and one of the great icons of the 20th-century film, is one of those unique people.
Chaplin had a rotten childhood and an early start on stage, performing even as a child in vaudeville.
He went to Hollywood in 1914 and began acting in silent comedies.
By 1915, he controlled most aspects of his films, in which he usually appeared as a character called simply the "Little Tramp": a lovably shabby dreamer with a bushy moustache, bowler hat and cane.
Chaplin was one of the founders of United Artists Studios and was one of the first movie makers to have complete control over his features.
His best-known films include 1925's The Gold Rush, 1931's City Lights, and 1936's Modern Times.
Famously outspoken and sympathetic to communism, Chaplin left the United States in 1952 because of increased political pressure.
He settled in Switzerland, where he and his wife Oona raised eight children, including actress Geraldine Chaplin.
In 1972 he returned to the United States to accept a special Oscar, and in 1975, he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
u02_2.3.mp3 1. What is this passage about? u02_2.3q1.mp3 A) Icons of the 20th-century film. B) A person unlike any other. C) Silent comedies. D) United Artists Studios. B
64 2 2.3       2. What did Chaplin do when he went to Hollywood? u02_2.3q2.mp3 A) He founded United Artists. B) He created the "Little Tramp". C) He made silent films. D) He entered vaudeville. C
65 2 2.3       3. What did the "Little Tramp" look like? u02_2.3q3.mp3 A) A child. B) An icon. C) A lover. D) A poor person. D
66 2 2.3       4. What can be inferred from the passage? u02_2.3q4.mp3 A) Switzerland was more accepting of Communism than the US. B) Chaplin, an outspoken man, made Communism famous. C) The Gold Rush is Chaplin's most famous film. D) Geraldine Chaplin won Oscar in the United States. A
67 2 2.3       5. When did the Queen make Chaplin a knight? u02_2.3q5.mp3 A) In 1925. B) In 1972. C) In 1975. D) In 1952. C
68 2 2.4 American Workforce in Trouble It is Labor Day, of course, a time to salute the American worker, but there is new information suggesting it's tougher than ever to be in the American workforce. A big new government report found that American paychecks are not keeping pace with inflation.
So where are the good jobs?
We asked ABC's Dan Harris to look for them.^
At the top of the class, and by that, we mean upper class -- doctors, medical professionals, ranging from surgeons to obstetricians to orthodontists -- make up 10 of the top 11 highest paid professions in the country.
Chief excusive officers come in at No. 10, earning an average of $142,000 a year.^
As for blue-collar workers, Forbes magazine reports that subway conductors and flight attendants make the most, on average more than $62,000 a year.
According to new census data, the gap between rich and poor Americans is now at an all-time high, with the top 1/5 of American households claiming more than half of all the nation's income.
What's more, a new report released just this weekend, indicates about 30% of households have a net worth of less than $10,000.
The bottom line for Americans seeking to reach the same standard of living as their parents, avoid the plastic and save wherever possible.^
It's very difficult to save a lot, but a few dollars, and as that saving nest egg begins to build, you'll see it, you'll, you'll want to contribute more.^
Now all of this is not to say that you have to become a CEO to live in comfort.
Economists note there is still room at the top for stargazers.
Turns out astronomers make big bucks as some of the nation's highest paid professionals.
u02_2.4.mp3 1. A report from the government has ____________________.   A) made it tougher to join the workforce B) shown where the good jobs are C) given evidence about workers' troubles D) saluted workers in America C
69 2 2.4       2. The highest paid people in America are ____________________.   A) doctors B) chief executive officers C) government workers D) blue collar workers A
70 2 2.4       3. Census data shows us that ____________________.   A) there is an increasing divide between rich and poor people B) subway conductors and flight attendants make the most C) the number of poor Americans is now at an all-time high D) American households claim more than half of the world's income A
71 2 2.4       4. It can be encouraging for people to ____________________.   A) reach the same standard of living as their parents B) have a net worth of $10,000 C) see that they have saved some money D) become a CEO and live in comfort C
72 2 2.4       5. Information about stargazers comes to us from ____________________.   A) astronomers B) Forbes magazine C) a government report D) economists D
73 2 2.5 To Be Original or Not? I'm getting tired of everyone telling me to be original.
People say that originality can make a person more successful; and they bring up examples of successful people to make their point -- Charlie Chaplin, Marilyn Monroe, Zhang Yimou, and more.
They say that being original can make you happy.
But I'm not sure I can agree with what they say.^
There are many problems with being original.
And I'm not sure that it is what people should aim for. Why? Well, I have three reasons.
First, being original means ignoring what other people are saying and doing.
Often, we follow the group because the group is right.
For instance, why should I say that the world is flat, just because others say it is round?
Second, being original, that is doing something that hasn't been done before, is difficult.
And third, being original is sometimes dangerous.
It can make people dislike you very much.
u02_2.5.mp3 1^1^1   It can make a person successful.@0^It means ignoring others.@0@0   Reasons for originality^Reasons against originality   0@It can make a person happy.^0@It is difficult.@It is dangerous.
74 2 2.6 More Than Words Saying I love you^
Is not the words I want to hear from you^
It's not that I want you^
Not to say, but if you only knew^
How easy it would be to show me how you feel^
More than words is all you have to do to make it real^
Then you wouldn't have to say that you love me^
'Cause I'd already know^^
What would you do if my heart was torn in two^
More than words to show you feel^
That your love for me is real^
What would you say if I took those words away^
Then you couldn't make things new^
Just by saying I love you^
More than words...^^
Now I've tried to talk to you and make you understand^
All you have to do is close your eyes^
And just reach out your hands and touch me^
Hold me close don't ever let me go^
More than words is all I ever needed you to show^
Then you wouldn't have to say that you love me^
'Cause I'd already know^^
What would you do if my heart was torn in two^
More than words to show you feel^
That your love for me is real^
What would you say if I took those words away^
Then you couldn't make things new^
Just by saying I love you^
More than words...
u02_2.6.mp3              
75 2 3.1 Position A: Excuse me. I'm your new neighbor. I just moved in.^
B: Oh, yes?^
A: I'm looking for a supermarket. Are there any around here?^
B: Yes, there is one on 7th Street.^
A: Thank you.
               
76 2 3.1   A: I want to buy some children's clothes. Where should I go for that?^
B: The Children's Department is on this floor. To your left.^
A: And where are the restrooms, please?^
B: You'll find one on every floor near the elevators.^
A: Fine. Thank you.
               
77 2 3.1   A: Your son looks really tall.^
B: Yeah, actually he is one of the tallest students in his class. ^
A: Then he must sit at the back of the classroom.^
B: You're right.
               
78 2 3.1 Direction A: Excuse me. I'm trying to find McDonald's. Can you help me?^
B: McDonald's? Oh, yes. Go straight down this street to the corner.
Turn left and go one block until you come to Taiyuan Street.
Go right on Taiyuan Street. It's on the right side of the street just past the bank.
You can't miss it.
A: I see. Straight to the corner; turn left and turn right.^
B: That's it.^
A: Thanks a lot.^
B: You're welcome.
               
79 2 3.1   A: Excuse me, but where is the Rose Hotel?^
B: Cross the street, walk on and take the second turning on the right.
It's five minutes' walk.^
A: Thanks a lot.^
B: You're welcome.
               
80 2 3.1   A: Excuse me, sir. Can you show me the way to the Peace Square?^
B: Go along the street, turn right at the crossroad and the Peace Square is in front of you.^
A: Thank you very much.^
B: Sure thing.
               
81 2 3.1 Movement A: Where in America are you from, John?^
B: I'm from New York.^
A: Oh, I've never been there. What's it like?^
B: It's a very big city with good nightlife.^
A: Is it expensive there?^
B: Yes, it's one of the most expensive cities in America.
               
82 2 3.1   A: What did you do last weekend, Helen?^
B: Bob and I went for a drive in the country on Sunday.^
A: That sounds nice. Where did you go?^
B: We drove to the lake and had a picnic. We had a great time!
               
83 2 3.1   A: Would you mind telling me how to get to the museum?^
B: It's far away from here. You'd better take a bus.^
A: Which bus should I take?^
B: You can take No. 232 or No. 328. It's very convenient.
               
84 2 3.2 To Be Original or Not? I'm getting tired of everyone telling me to be original.
People say that originality can make a person more successful; and they bring up examples of successful people to make their point -- Charlie Chaplin, Marilyn Monroe, Zhang Yimou, and more.
They say that being original can make you happy.
But I'm not sure I can agree with what they say.^
There are many problems with being original.
And I'm not sure that it is what people should aim for. Why? Well, I have three reasons.
First, being original means ignoring what other people are saying and doing.
Often, we follow the group because the group is right.
For instance, why should I say that the world is flat, just because others say it is round?
Second, being original, that is doing something that hasn't been done before, is difficult.
And third, being original is sometimes dangerous.
It can make people dislike you very much.
u02_2.5.mp3     Originality is the key to living fully.^The benefits of originality are obvious.^Following the crowd has numerous negatives.^The problems associated with originality outweigh potential benefits.        
85 2 3.3 Hold on! Narrator: One day, a man set himself to digging a hole in the ground.^
Digger: I'm digging a hole!^
Narrator: Yes, that's right. The man was digging a hole in order to get some water.^
Digger: I need to drink water! I'm digging a hole to get some water!^
Narrator: Right again. So, the man dug and dug.^
Digger: This digging is making me awfully tired!^
Narrator: Though the man dug deep, he still didn't reach any water.
The digger's wife came out of her home and said...^
Digger's wife: Try digging somewhere else!
You aren't going to get any water from that hole!^
Digger: What do you know about hole-digging, woman?
I'm going to keep digging here!^
Narrator: He dug deeper... and deeper... and deeper still.^
Digger: I'm going to reach the other side of the world if I dig much more!^
Narrator: But finally... success!
Water first trickled and then gushed out of the bottom of the hole.^
Digger: Water at last!^
Narrator: The moral of this story is that if you keep working for something, you'll get it.^
Digger's wife: Bah! It was just dumb luck!
u02_3.3.mp3 What role does originality play in achieving success? Does hard work count?   Hard work is essential in the pursuit of success. I firmly hold to this position. In order for a person to achieve success, he must keep going and must not quit. This is true regardless of what the activity is. Whether a person is digging a well or is trying to make a star out of himself in Hollywood, makes no difference. Charlie Chaplin, for example, struggled to make a name for himself in movies. Success didn't come easily. He finally created a timeless character however. Then he earned people's attention by creating wonderful movies that are still popular today. The same is true with the well digger. He didn't quit. He dug, despite his wife telling him to give up, and he achieved his goal in the end. In other words, his hard work paid off. This is a lesson parents and teachers often give us. Older people have always said this, and with good reason. Chaplin and the well digger are not the only examples of this lesson. There are countless others. And as long as there are people who continue working hard and gaining success, this lesson will continue to be true.        
86 2 4.1 Having Your Own Style Hi, this is Kim and today I would like to talk to you about being one of a kind,
having your own style and your individuality.
Now when I was growing up, going to elementary school in Korea we all had to wear uniforms.
So everybody had to look the same and be the same and we all have to,
you know, follow all these rules and stuff and then after I moved to California,
you know, I could wear my own clothes to school.
So, you know, that's just an example of how you are encouraged to be yourself in the western civilization.
Now, um, I think it's getting better in Korea too. You know,
now you are, people can find themselves and dress the way that they want and do the things that they like.
But I think it's more about confidence, you know, being who you are is knowing who you are
and then expressing that through the way that you walk, you dress, you talk or whatever.
But, regardless, I think that, um, there are good things about the East and the West.
Uh, but, you know what? I still think that putting all the kids in uniforms is kind of weird, anyway, thanks, bye.^
Hello my name is Sarah. I'm from Germany.
Um, but I haven't been in Germany for all of my life.
I've been studying in France for five years.
So right now I want to tell you something about uniqueness in these two countries, in Germany and in France.
I think that, uh, both cultures value uniqueness very much,
but I think in Germany it's a little bit more inside yourself and in France,
maybe people would express it more outside.
For example through clothing, through, uh, the way they talk and all that.
I think that, maybe French people value uniqueness more than German people
or maybe they express it more than German people.
I think for Germans, uniqueness is more in the mind.
Uh, it's more inside yourself.
For French people they have to express this, uh, they have to express it.^
Hi my name is Ted and I am from the USA, from the state of Indiana, which is in the middle.
Now today I'm going to talk just a bit about expressing yourself through your clothing which you chose to wear.
Now some people say they like to wear name brand clothing. I really don't like to.
For some people that's a way to say,
"Hey, I'm wealthy or this is a Polo shirt or Tommy Hilfiger, this is expensive. I have the money to buy these things".
I'm not really a big fan of that.
Now other people like to wear bright colors,
and some people say, "Hey, that shows they're a lively person or a funny person".
But I'm not really sure if I believe that because right now I'm wearing black.
Now I don't think that means I'm a somber person or a depressed person or a downcast person.
I just think black looks good.
So I think in some cases, yes, what you wear can reflect your personality.
But in other cases maybe you choose a color or a style or a pattern
just because you think it looks good, not because it expresses who you are.^
Hi. My name is Shizo Kyoda. I'm from Japan. I'm going to talk about personality.
I think everyone has different personality.
Generally, an attractive personality that is liked by most of people is unique, kind, open-minded, and so on.
In our society, people are afraid others would judge us by what we wear or what we do,
so everyone usually try not to show off their feeling or try to act same as the others.
However, I feel that this act is also masking their true personality.
So for me, it is kind of wasting their life, and, yeah, people should be more attractive,
and people should live their lives naturally. Thank you.
              Kim02.jpg^Sarah.jpg^Ted01.jpg^Shizo Kyoda.jpg
87 2 4.2       Kim: Kim is in favor of requiring students to wear school uniforms.
Sarah: The Germans are more outward in expressing their uniqueness than the French.
Ted: What kind of clothes one wears doesn't necessarily reflect their personality.
Shizo Kyoda: People should try to act in their own way instead of acting the same as others.
  F
F
T
T
      Kim021.jpg^Sarah1.jpg^Ted011.jpg^Shizo Kyoda1.jpg
88 2 4.3                    
89 2 5.1 My Mom Seems to Think So W: My friends have compared my film to the best of Orson Welles' works.
How can you criticize it?^
M: You... Welles? I, well, um, I appreciate your confidence in yourself.
But you do know who Welles was, right?^
W: Nah. I don't watch films by British directors.^
M: You really don't know who Welles was at all! Welles was American!
Do you even pay attention to my lectures?^
W: I don't listen to people talk about films; I make films. I'm a doer.^
M: You really have to pay attention from now on.
Welles first became famous on the radio, especially for his reading of War of the Worlds in 1938.
Three years later, he made his first movie, Citizen Kane, in 1941.
Other films of his include The Magnificent Ambersons in 1942 and The Lady From Shanghai in 1948.
People consider Kane to be his best film.^
W: That must be the one that looks like my film.^
M: People consider it not only his best film, but the best film in movie history.
Do you really think your film is that good?^
W: My mom seems to think so.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. What are the speakers talking about?^
2. What can be inferred from the conversation?^
3. Why doesn't the woman listen to the man more?^
4. When was Citizen Kane made?^
5. What is the relationship between the speakers?
u02_5.1.mp3     Q1: What are the speakers talking about?
Ans: D
Q2: What can be inferred from the conversation?
Ans: A
Q3: Why doesn't the woman listen to the man more?
Ans: B
Q4: When was Citizen Kane made?
Ans: B
Q5: What is the relationship between the speakers?
Ans: A
       
90 2 5.2 Elvis Presley When Elvis Presley died on August 16, 1977, radio and television programs all over the world were interrupted to give the news of his death.
President Carter was asked to declare a day of national mourning.
Eighty thousand people attended his funeral.^
In the summer of 1953 Elvis paid four dollars and recorded two songs for his mother's birthday at Sam Phillips' Sun Records Studio.
Sam Phillips heard Elvis and asked him to record "That's All Right" in July, 1954.
Twenty thousand copies were sold, mainly in and around Memphis.
On January 10, 1956, Elvis recorded "Heartbreak Hotel", and a million copies were sold.
In the next fourteen months he made another fourteen records, and they were all big hits.
In 1956 he also made his first film in Hollywood.^
In 1972 his wife left him, and they were divorced in October, 1973.
Elvis died from a heart attack in 1977.
He had been abusing his body for several years by eating and drinking too much and taking a cocktail of medicines and possibly drugs.
He left all his money to his only daughter, Lisa Marie Presley.
She became one of the richest people in the world when she was only nine years old.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What is the speaker talking about?^
2. Why were news programs interrupted?^
3. When was "Heartbreak Hotel" recorded?^
4. Why did Elvis Presley die?^
5. To whom did Elvis give his money?
u02_5.2.mp3     Q1: What is the speaker talking about?
Ans: B
Q2: Why were news programs interrupted?
Ans: D
Q3: When was "Heartbreak Hotel" recorded?
Ans: A
Q4: Why did Elvis Presley die?
Ans: C
Q5: To whom did Elvis give his money?
Ans: A
       
91 2 5.3 Rembrandt Rembrandt, one of the greatest artists of all time, was born in Leiden in the Netherlands.
As a child, he liked to sketch the sun coming in through a window and making a streak of light on the inside of the windmill where he lived.
He continued this interest in light and shadow throughout life.
His paintings often show one hand of a person in the light and one in the dark.^
Many artists traveled abroad but Rembrandt always stayed within 50 miles of his birth place in Leiden, although he lived to be 63.^
Much of his life was spent in Amsterdam, then the richest town in Europe.
In some of Rembrandt's paintings, we see the rich clothes and jewels worn by people of that time in Amsterdam.^
Other Dutch artists of the time painted cloth of exquisite texture, dishes, and other such things simply because they were beautiful.
The Dutch artists of Rembrandt's day painted pictures of rooms with handsomely dressed people in them.
Rembrandt was greater because he painted people so that we can tell how they felt and thought.
He painted their personalities, not just their clothes or the lines of their faces.^
Rembrandt worked hard all his life, constantly improving his art.
But his domestic life was filled with sorrow as all his children and his wife died before him and his overspending meant that his later years were filled with hardship.
The people of his time stopped honoring him, but he was far greater than they would ever become.
He was a great artist working on art problems ahead of his time.
u02_5.3.mp3     1) sketch
2) shadow
3) paintings
4) abroad
5) Europe
6) jewels
7) exquisite
8) pictures of rooms with handsomely dressed people in them
9) not just their clothes or the lines of their faces
10) but he was far greater than they would ever become
       
92 2 5.4 Imitate the Speaker It is good to love: Because love is difficult.
For one human being to love another human being: That is perhaps the most difficult task that has been entrusted to us, the ultimate task, the final test and proof, the work for which all other work is merely preparation.
That is why young people, who are beginners in everything, are not yet capable of love: It is something they must learn.^^
From "Love Is Difficult" by Rainer Maria Rilke
u02_5.4.mp3              
96 3 1.1 I Wish I Were a Lucky One Completely blind in one eye, 75% loss of vision in the other, I can only see 10 yards ahead of me, and even that, not well.
I'm old and poor.
My health is failing and I am wracked by pain in my joints so that every movement is torture.
If there were a god of mercy, I would be dead and buried, free of my pain.
But no, I live still and my pain is yet without end.
How could hell be worse than what I face now?
With my poor vision, I see people, happy people, with money, strength, and health.
So often, they do not even realize their fortune.
Neither do they understand that their very existence makes my existence even more unbearable.
For I watch them, and watching them increases my misery.
How I wish I were one of them; how I wish I were one of the lucky ones.
u03_1.mp3 1. The speaker believes that he would be dead if in the world there were a ____________________ .
2. The speaker believes that happy people have ____________________ , for which they are not fully thankful for.
3. The speaker wishes that he were among the ____________________ .
          god of mercy^money, strength, and health^lucky ones
97 3 1.2 I Wish I Were a Lucky One Completely blind in one eye, 75% loss of vision in the other, I can only see 10 yards ahead of me, and even that, not well.
I'm old and poor.
My health is failing and I am wracked by pain in my joints so that every movement is torture.
If there were a god of mercy, I would be dead and buried, free of my pain.
But no, I live still and my pain is yet without end.
How could hell be worse than what I face now?
With my poor vision, I see people, happy people, with money, strength, and health.
So often, they do not even realize their fortune.
Neither do they understand that their very existence makes my existence even more unbearable.
For I watch them, and watching them increases my misery.
How I wish I were one of them; how I wish I were one of the lucky ones.
u03_1.mp3 How people in your culture deal with misfortunes?
What can you learn from misfortunes?
           
98 3 2.1 Misfortunes W: I think it's great that the government is giving you money during this hard time, but shouldn't you do something yourself to get on your feet?^
M: What? You think I'm lazy? I'll tell you how hard I'm trying to find a job....^
Q: What do we know from this conversation?
u03_2.1_1.mp3     A) The man is a very lazy person. B) The man is trying very hard at his job. C) The man doesn't have a job. D) The man couldn't get government money. C
99 3 2.1   M: According to these rules, you can get more welfare money if you have children.^
W: Sure I could. But having children would also cost a lot of money -- so I don't see welfare benefits as an incentive to giving birth.
Besides, I'm happier by myself.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u03_2.1_2.mp3     A) The man gets welfare money for having children. B) The man has children that cost a lot of money. C) The woman doesn't receive welfare money. D) The woman doesn't have any children. D
100 3 2.1   W: True enough, the man is blind.
But you've got to admire what he's done -- started his own company and become rich.^
M: He really has done a lot. On top of all that, he's a really nice person.^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u03_2.1_3.mp3     A) People who are blind. B) A company started by a blind man. C) A man who has overcome difficulty. D) People who are both rich and nice. C
101 3 2.1   W: Hi Honey. I'm sorry, I've some really bad news to tell you. I'm afraid.
Management have made cuts, and I've lost my job.^
M: Oh, oh dear! That's terrible. But -- you didn't like that job very much anyway.
Maybe this is a good chance to find something new.
Don't get down; think positive!^
Q: What does the man think?
u03_2.1_4.mp3     A) The woman should lose her job. B) The woman shouldn't be depressed. C) The woman won't get cut by management. D) The woman can easily find something new. B
102 3 2.1   W: I was sure your patient would be devastated when he was told that he would die within a month.
I'm really surprised.^
M: Maybe it hasn't hit him yet.
When he has time to think about it, he'll probably break down.
But for now, yeah, he seems to have taken it very well -- he's very brave.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u03_2.1_5.mp3     A) The patient went home and broke down. B) The patient did not cry in front of the speakers. C) The patient was not told he would die in a month. D) The patient did not seem brave to the doctors. B
103 3 2.1   W: Hey, I just noticed something.
The player, that one right there in the middle of the field, he's missing a hand.^
M: It took you long enough to notice.
Yeah, he's one of the top players in the league.
And look, he isn't the only one.
That one over there is also missing a hand.^
Q: What are the speakers doing?
u03_2.1_6.mp3     A) Playing a game. B) Watching a game. C) Looking for something missing. D) Missing the league's top players. B
104 3 2.1   W: This divorce is really getting me down.
All I think about these days is how to end it all.
I just feel like dying.^
M: Don't talk that way, please.
Everyone has troubles at some time in their lives.
You're strong really, and you'll get through it just as long as you're positive.^
Q: According to the man, what should the woman do?
u03_2.1_7.mp3     A) Be confident that things will get better. B) Talk about her feelings of death and suicide. C) Get a divorce and then be positive. D) Learn from the troubles of other people. A
105 3 2.1   W: I hope you don't mind me asking -- but what's it like to not be able to see? I imagine it's terrible.^
M: Actually, I've been blind since birth, so I don't really know what I'm missing.
And, you know, it really isn't so bad.
This is just normal life to me.^
Q: Why doesn't the man feel bad?
u03_2.1_8.mp3     A) Because he thinks it's normal for people to be blind. B) Because he is glad he has the ability to see. C) Because he doesn't know what it's like to be able to see. D) Because he doesn't imagine anything terrible. C
106 3 2.1   M: Give it to me straight, doctor.
What am I going to have to tell my mom and dad about my condition?^
W: I wish I had better news for you.
Unfortunately, the operation didn't work as well as we'd hoped.
It doesn't look as if we can save your legs.
Let me call your parents in so we can talk about the next step together.^
Q: What is the relationship between the speakers?
u03_2.1_9.mp3     A) Doctor and patient. B) Mother and son. C) Father and daughter. D) Teacher and student. A
107 3 2.1   W: Mary isn't completely blind, just 70%.
So she can see 30% of what you and I can, and much more than poor George.^
M: Yeah. George, he can only see about 5% of what we can see.
I can't imagine what it must be like for him.^
Q: How blind is George?
u03_2.1_10.mp3     A) 5%. B) 95%. C) 70%. D) 30%. B
108 3 2.2 A Blind Woman M: There's a check in your mailbox from the government.
It almost looks like a benefit check.^
W: That's because it is a benefit check.
I've been getting benefits from the government for the last 20 or so years on account of my condition.^
M: Condition? I didn't know anything was wrong with you.^
W: You're kidding, right?
We've been friends for 30 years, and you didn't know my condition?^
M: Is it that you haven't had a job for the last 25 years?^
W: I haven't had a job in 40 years, my whole life -- because I'm blind!^
M: You're blind? You never told me this!^
W: I shouldn't have to tell you. You should be smart enough to know!
Why do you think I have a dog leading me around all the time?^
M: You're an animal lover?^
W: Ugh! Why do you think I wear sunglasses all the time?^
M: I thought you were just being cool.
u03_2.2.mp3 1. What are the speakers talking about? u03_2.2q1.mp3 A) The woman's condition. B) Benefits from the government. C) The man's job. D) Dogs for the blind. A
109 3 2.2       2. How long have the speakers been friends? u03_2.2q2.mp3 A) For 40 years. B) For 30 years. C) For 20 years. D) For 25 years. B
110 3 2.2       3. What do we know about the woman? u03_2.2q3.mp3 A) She isn't a lover of animals. B) She isn't as cool as the man thinks. C) She doesn't have a dog to lead her around. D) She doesn't work because of her blindness. D
111 3 2.2       4. What should be a clear hint of the woman's condition? u03_2.2q4.mp3 A) She needs glasses. B) She needs sunglasses. C) She has a guide dog. D) She needs a walking stick. C
112 3 2.2       5. What can be inferred from the conversation? u03_2.2q5.mp3 A) The man is blind. B) The man isn't very observant. C) The woman is an animal lover. D) The woman is very cool. B
113 3 2.3 Care for the America's Poor What to do about the poor and needy is a concern of every government.
The U.S. is not exempt from this concern, but care for its poor has changed over time.
Until the Great Depression of the 1930s, state and local governments in America bore some responsibility for providing assistance to the poor.
However, such assistance was minimal at best.^
The New Deal policies of President Franklin D. Roosevelt included new federal initiatives to help those in poverty.
With millions of people unemployed during the 1930s economic depression, welfare assistance was beyond the financial resources of the states.
Therefore, the federal government provided funds for maintaining a minimum standard of living, either directly to recipients or to the states.^
Between 1935 and 1996, federal programs were established that provided additional welfare benefits, including medical care, public housing, and food stamps.
By the 1960s, however, criticism began to grow that these programs discouraged people from finding employment.
Even defenders of public welfare benefits acknowledged that the system was imperfect: noting the financial disincentives associated with taking a low-paying job and losing the array of benefits, especially medical care.
u03_2.3.mp3 1. What is the passage about? u03_2.3q1.mp3 A) Help for America's poor. B) The Great Depression. C) The New Deal policies. D) The poor and needy. A
114 3 2.3       2. What must all governments worry about? u03_2.3q2.mp3 A) Economic depression. B) Poor people. C) Financial resources. D) The standard of living. B
115 3 2.3       3. What can be inferred from the passage? u03_2.3q3.mp3 A) The federal government stopped welfare in 1996. B) Millions of people received welfare in the 1930s. C) The New Deal policies were minimal at best. D) The federal government had more money than the states. D
116 3 2.3       4. When did the federal government begin adding to the New Deal benefits? u03_2.3q4.mp3 A) From 1930. B) From 1935. C) From 1960. D) From 1996. B
117 3 2.3       5. What do we know from the passage? u03_2.3q5.mp3 A) People on welfare have lost benefits, especially medical care. B) People who are trying to find jobs are criticized. C) Both people for and against welfare are against parts of it. D) Defenders of welfare benefits are not perfect. C
118 3 2.4 To Win a Nobel Prize "So how do you win a Noble Prize?"^
"You get lucky, yeah, well you work hard for a long time, you, you look very hard of what's coming up in front of you, the data that you see, and you are instructed by what you see there.
And, and you need a bit of luck, too."^
The Australian scientist never thought he was on a path to the highest honor in science.
Doherty first trained as a veterinarian, but found his calling in the mysterious field of infectious diseases.^
"My nominee is Zinkernagel."^
He teamed up with another young professor Rolf Zinkernagel, and made an award-winning discovery almost by accident.^
"We were doing some experiments to look at a particular question and then, then we suddenly got this very unexpected result, realized that it was probably extremely significant straightaway."^
The pair had cracked the code of T cells which Doherty calls the "hit man" of the immune system, how they fight infected cells and leave healthy ones alone.^
"Firstly, It was so, so unorthodox, and so against the accepted wisdom that people didn't really even grasp what we were saying."^
Experiments by others confirmed the findings and expanded on them, leading to new vaccines and advances in the fight against cancer.
Nobel came calling two decades later and it changed Doherty's life.
There were endless accolades, even having his face on a postage stamp.^
"Well, you get a fair amount of money when you win it, you get invited to very nice meetings and very nice places,
but you quickly find that you can't handle all that and you tend to go only to the things where you think you're gonna learn something new, or you're gonna be doing something useful."
u03_2.4.mp3 What is the topic of the conversation?^From where did Doherty receive a calling?^How did Doherty make the discovery that later won him an award?^What did Doherty first think about his discovery?^What did Doherty discover after being invited to many nice meetings and nice places?   0^0^0^0^0       An Australian scientist who won the Nobel Prize.^The mysterious field of infectious diseases.^By accident.^It was probably extremely significant.^He couldn't handle all that.
119 3 2.5 Give Money to the Poor As long as we have resources to help people, we should.
The condition of the poor should be improved with the use of government money.
And I would like to give reasons for why this is true.^
My opening argument deals with the feelings of people.
When people are poor, they tend to be angry.
An angry population can develop social unrest which can in turn lead to political revolutions and civil war.
By giving money to poor people, a government can calm the public.^
Next, I'd like to introduce the issue of street crime.
Street crime includes mugging, robbery, and assault crimes usually motivated by poverty.
When people have money, they are less likely to commit these crimes.^
And finally, there's the economy.
When people spend money, businesses prosper.
When the government gives money to the poor, the poor spend that money on things which support businesses.
So, we see that giving money to the poor makes good sense.
u03_2.5.mp3 1^1^1   0^0^0   Reasons why the government should give money to the poor   It calms the public.^It reduces street crime.^It stimulates the economy.
120 3 2.6 Black Velvet Mississippi in the middle of a dry spell^
Jimmy Rogers on the Victrola up high^
Mama's dancin' with baby on her shoulder^
The sun is settin' like molasses in the sky^
The boy could sing, knew how to move, everything^
Always wanting more, he'd leave you longing for^^
Black velvet and that little boy's smile^
Black velvet with that slow southern style^
A new religion that'll bring ya to your knees^
Black velvet if you please^^
Up in Memphis the music's like a heatwave^
White lightening, bound to drive you wild^
Mama's baby's in the heart of every school girl^
Love me tender' leaves 'em cryin' in the aisle^
The way he moved, it was a sin, so sweet and true^
Always wanting more, he'd leave you longing for^^
Black velvet and that little boy's smile^
Black velvet with that slow southern style^
A new religion that'll bring ya to your knees^
Black velvet if you please^^
Every word of every song that he sang was for you^
In a flash he was gone, it happened so soon, what could you do?^^
Black velvet and that little boy's smile^
Black velvet with that slow southern style^
A new religion that'll bring ya to your knees^
Black velvet if you please^^
Black velvet and that little boy's smile^
Black velvet with that slow southern style^
A new religion that'll bring ya to your knees^
Black velvet if you please^^
If you please, if you please, if you please
u03_2.6.mp3              
121 3 3.1 Length and Width A: I need a dining-table for my newly-decorated house.^
B: What are the dimensions of your dining-room?^
A: About 3 meters long and 2 meters wide.^
B: How about this table? It will fit your dining-room well.
               
122 3 3.1   A: Michael has long blond hair.^
B: Oh? How long is his hair?^
A: More than 100 cm.
Oh, why isn't Paul here yet?
How long is he going to keep us waiting?^
B: At least two hours, I'm sure.
               
123 3 3.1   A: It's going to take forever to swim to the other side of the river.
How wide is it?^
B: It won't be so bad. The river is only 200 meters wide.
Didn't you swim across the river near your home?^
A: That one was only 100 meters wide.
This one is twice as wide.^
B: Don't worry. I bet you can swim across a 500-meter river.
               
124 3 3.1 Height and Depth A: I'm going to visit Shanghai this May Day Holiday.
Any good scenic spots to recommend?^
B: Jinmao Mansion is a must.
It is the highest building in China and the third highest in the world.^
A: Really? How high is it?^
B: It's 420.5 meters.
               
125 3 3.1   A: How deep is the wreck of the Titanic?^
B: Several hundred feet according to the material I've read.^
A: Unbelievable! I'd really like to see it.^
B: So would I.
               
126 3 3.1   A: How deep are bodies buried?^
B: Six feet.^
A: What's the depth of this grave?^
B: About three feet. It's not finished yet.
               
127 3 3.2 Give Money to the Poor As long as we have resources to help people, we should.
The condition of the poor should be improved with the use of government money.
And I would like to give reasons for why this is true.^
My opening argument deals with the feelings of people.
When people are poor, they tend to be angry.
An angry population can develop social unrest which can in turn lead to political revolutions and civil war.
By giving money to poor people, a government can calm the public.^
Next, I'd like to introduce the issue of street crime.
Street crime includes mugging, robbery, and assault crimes usually motivated by poverty.
When people have money, they are less likely to commit these crimes.^
And finally, there's the economy.
When people spend money, businesses prosper.
When the government gives money to the poor, the poor spend that money on things which support businesses.
So, we see that giving money to the poor makes good sense.
u03_2.5.mp3     The speaker believes that the government should give money to the poor.^The government should give money to the poor.        
128 3 3.3 Taking Charge of Life The welfare system is great, but it can't do everything for you, even if you are disabled.
I had an accident in 1995, which left me disabled for life.
Immediately, welfare came to help me, paying for my medical costs while I tried to get better.
Exercise and hard work were things I could only do for myself, though.
I was released from the hospital in September of 1995.
Now, I'm wheelchair bound.
But I wanted to do something that would give me excitement.
I found the Uphill Ski Club and joined them for a holiday in America.
I actually loved skiing, right from the first day.
The government still helps me with welfare money.
I appreciated the help.
However, the most important things in life are things that only I can do for myself.
Can a person rely on the welfare system for everything?
What must a disabled person do for himself or herself?
u03_3.3.mp3 Can a person rely on the welfare system for everything? What must a disabled person do for himself or herself?   The challenges that a disabled person must face are great. We can know this for sure. However, as great as those challenges are, a person cannot depend only on a government system like welfare to get what he needs. Welfare can help a person with some money problems. Since a disabled person might not be able to work, welfare can help give money to live. Still, money isn't the only thing that a person needs in order to live. A person needs things for his soul -- excitement, strength, adventure, and so on. Every person needs love, too. And a disabled person is not different. He needs these things, and he must get them the same way that everyone else does. He must get them on his own. Though he is challenged already with his disability, he must seek out even more challenges. Going skiing is certainly one example of something a disabled person might be able to do in order to find the extra challenge he needs. By skiing, he can get the adventure that every human heart wants. What's more, he can live like ordinary people. He needn't lie back and wait for others to give him things. He can go out in the world and do something for himself. Now, not every disabled person can ski, even with the help of welfare and the use of special technology. A disabled person's disability might be too great for this. Each disabled person is, however, able to control the feelings of his own heart. Thus, he is responsible to maintain his excitement for life. No one else can do this for him.        
129 3 4.1 Deal with Misfortunes Hi this is Betsy from Hong Kong.
Um, today I'm going to tell you about how Hong Kong people deal with misfortunes.
Um, when there's something tragic happens in, um, in our lives,
um, oftentimes Hong Kong people will go to temple and pray to the god,
um, sometimes, uh, they could ask, uh, people in the temple to perform a ritual on them
that makes them feel safe and blessed, uh, or sometimes, uh, people go to fortune tellers,
to, um, ask for guidance or, um, that make them feel more certain or sure about their futures or how to,
uh, things that they could do or change in their life that would make their life, uh, better and more smooth.
So those are the two ways, somewhat superstitious but I think it's definitely one of the,
uh, strong beliefs in Hong Kong when people go through misfortunes.^
Hi this is Kim. I was born in Korea and raised in California,
and today I would like to talk about, uh, what happens to people when they're down and out,
when they're out of luck and have some accidents or misfortunes.
Now, um, the thing that I've observed in California is that, you know, when people have problems,
you know, major problems that they loose their homes.
They become homeless, and I see a lot of homeless people in California, especially in LA.
They're, you know, wandering around skid row and public areas.
There are a lot less of a homeless issue in Korea.
I think it's the family value, like there's always somebody to turn to even though that you lost your home,
there's always gonna be friends and families that will, you know, be willingly to take you in.
So that's something that I've witnessed that I think it's a value system or the core of society
where, um, if you're down out, down and out, people are willing to help you in Korea.
As opposed to, people are probably further away from each other,
even families, in America, maybe. Thanks.^
Hello my name's Terry. I'm from the state of Indiana in the US,
and we're talking about Crushed by Misfortune.
I was lucky that my wife's mother died. Can you believe I'm saying that?
Let me tell you why.
Uh, her strength is what I got out of that situation.
Uh, she had very serious trouble at the end. I won't go into the details.
But I, I was able to observe this woman approaching death fearlessly, fearlessly.
Knowing that she was having these problems yet all she wanted to do was resume her natural life.
Why?
She wasn't afraid of what was coming her way.
That's why I say I'm lucky.
Because now I am not afraid of what's coming my way.^
Hi my name is Andrew and I come from Canada,
and today I'd like to talk to you a little bit about misfortune.
Now when I was growing up I played a lot of sports.
I played hockey, soccer, football, basketball.
And through playing these sports I sustained a number of injuries,
uh, I broke many bones in my body.
My nose, my fingers, my wrist, my elbow, uh, ribs, uh, my ankle, even my shin which is the most painful.
Now through doing this I actually learned a lot about,
uh, people and how good they could be if you are in a misfortunate situation.
For example, uh, when I couldn't walk and I was on crutches, I had many friends taking care of me.
Carrying my books from class to class, uh, picking me up and dropping me off places.
And, of course, this was not nice, having a broken leg, I was immobilized a lot of the time.
But, on the other hand, it was very nice to see my friends really stepping up and taking care of me.
              Betsy03.jpg^Kim.jpg^Terry.jpg^Andrew.jpg
130 3 4.2       Betsy: When people in HK meet with misfortunes, they go to temple or seek comfort from a fortune teller.
Kim: There are more homeless people in Korea than in the US.
Terry: Terry's mother-in-law was a woman never afraid of anything coming her way in life.
Andrew: An unfortunate situation is a time when we can learn more about people.
  T
F
T
T
      Betsy031.jpg^Kim1.jpg^Terry1.jpg^Andrew1.jpg
131 3 4.3                    
132 3 5.1 I Miss My Dog M: Hey. Something is different about you today? What is it?^
W: You've noticed my new haircut?^
M: No. It's something else. Now, what is it?^
W: My dog?^
M: That's it! You don't have your dog with you today. Where is he?^
W: He's been acting strangely lately, so I sent him back to the dog training school.^
M: I didn't know that he was ever in school.^
W: Of course he has been to school.
He's my eyes, you know.
He had to be taught how to help me find my way.^
M: Will you be able to find your way to class today without him?^
W: Yeah. My sister is just over there paying for some shopping.
I'm just waiting for her.
When she gets back, we might go to another store and she'll help me to the classroom.
She's a big help, but I really miss my dog.^
M: OK, then. I'll see you later.
Don't forget, today is the day of the test.^
W: I won't! I spent half of last night doing homework in preparation for it.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. Who has been acting strangely lately?^
2. What is the woman's sister doing during the conversation?^
3. What can be inferred from the conversation?^
4. Where is the conversation taking place?^
5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
u03_5.1.mp3     Q1: Who has been acting strangely lately?
Ans: B
Q2: What is the woman's sister doing during the conversation?
Ans: C
Q3: What can be inferred from the conversation?
Ans: A
Q4: Where is the conversation taking place?
Ans: D
Q5: What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
Ans: C
       
133 3 5.2 How to Reach a Compromise If you're trying to reach a compromise, a good first step is to define your goal and encourage the other person to do the same.
Then share any information that might help you to reach a compromise.^
A good second step is to listen carefully to the other person's point of view.
Don't interrupt. Don't agree or disagree.
This will not only ensure that you understand her point of view, but will also demonstrate that you're willing to listen to what she has to say.^
Next, put aside any preconceived notions you have about the "right" way to accomplish your goals.
Then force yourself to think of at least one other way to accomplish them that incorporates both your ideas.^
Don't think vertically, in other words, one-up-one-down, or I'm-right-you're-wrong.
Think laterally, instead -- place her idea and yours on a straight line, side by side, and add more ideas as she and you come up with them.^
You'll end up with TWO good ideas in the pot -- yours and your co-worker's.
And when two reasonable people are willing to compromise, they're likely to come up with a third way of accomplishing goals -- one that satisfies both.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What is this passage about?^
2. What can we infer from the passage?^
3. What should be put aside?^
4. What does vertical thinking involve?^
5. What will be achieved in the end?
u03_5.2.mp3     Q1: What is this passage about?
Ans: B
Q2: What can we infer from the passage?
Ans: A
Q3: What should be put aside?
Ans: C
Q4: What does vertical thinking involve?
Ans: B
Q5: What will be achieved in the end?
Ans: C
       
134 3 5.3 Services for Elderly Residents The London Borough of Camden provides many services for elderly residents, among which are the preparation for retirement courses.
These courses, lasting for ten afternoons, are run three times a year from September to June.
They are basically designed for people due to retire within a few years.
These students are normally released for half days by their employers.
But those already in retirement are also welcome to join.
The courses last about ten weeks and cost six pounds per person, normally paid by the employer, with a reduction for those already retired or receiving supplementary benefits.
The courses include practical talks.
These talks are on relevant subjects such as pensions and taxes.
A wide field of leisure activities is also covered and sufficient time is left for questions and discussion.^
There is also a senior citizens' club held at the Merry Ward Center on weekday afternoons from one thirty to three thirty.
The club arranges discussion groups and handicraft sessions, including dress-making and carpentry.
Membership is free and a member can attend any course held there free of charge.
Other services at the center include legal advice at reduced rates to those who otherwise could not afford it and free financial advice from the financial section on Mondays and Wednesdays between six and eight p.m.
Any other personal problems can be discussed with a counselor on Tuesday and Thursday afternoons from three thirty to four.
u03_5.3.mp3     1) September
2) retire
3) retirement
4) reduction
5) practical
6) pensions
7) leisure
8) The club arranges discussion groups and handicraft sessions
9) a member can attend any course held there free of charge
10) the financial section on Mondays and Wednesdays between six and eight p.m.
       
135 3 5.4 Imitate the Speaker Someone once said: What goes around comes around.^
So...^
Work like you don't need the money.^
Love like you've never been hurt.^
Dance like nobody's watching.^
Sing like nobody's listening.^
Live like it's Heaven on Earth.^^
From "If the World Were a Village of 100 People"
u03_5.4.mp3              
141 4 1.1 A Technology Fair Ladies and gentlemen, the planning committee for the 5th Annual Communications Technology Fair welcomes you.
We hope you will find much to interest and inform you and that you will also enjoy yourselves.
First, let me introduce some of the products and companies that we think will be of particular interest to you.
In the area of media technology, the electronic newspaper is set to change our lives.
The Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center has a remarkable new product which their representatives are keen to talk about later this morning.
The world of entertainment has benefited by the presence in the marketplace of Verizon, a company that is bringing together the Internet and television.
Also, we have available teams of people from Amazon who can show you how to use their PayPal, a Web payment processing service.
The Internet has many new innovations and opportunities to offer all of us.
We hope this fair will help you to explore the benefits to your life and business of the many technological advances that we have on show.
u04_1.mp3 Media^Entertainment^Payment processing           Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center^Verizon^Amazon
142 4 1.2 A Technology Fair Ladies and gentlemen, the planning committee for the 5th Annual Communications Technology Fair welcomes you.
We hope you will find much to interest and inform you and that you will also enjoy yourselves.
First, let me introduce some of the products and companies that we think will be of particular interest to you.
In the area of media technology, the electronic newspaper is set to change our lives.
The Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center has a remarkable new product which their representatives are keen to talk about later this morning.
The world of entertainment has benefited by the presence in the marketplace of Verizon, a company that is bringing together the Internet and television.
Also, we have available teams of people from Amazon who can show you how to use their PayPal, a Web payment processing service.
The Internet has many new innovations and opportunities to offer all of us.
We hope this fair will help you to explore the benefits to your life and business of the many technological advances that we have on show.
u04_1.mp3 In what ways is new technology changing our lives?
Please list some negative parts of the use of new technology, such as losing real contact with other people.
           
143 4 2.1 The Internet W: There is the question as to whether Vietnam should push developments in telecommunications at the expense of programs that would feed poor people.^
M: I've heard the criticism, but I think moving ahead with technology is the right way to go.
Surely modernizing will improve standards of living for everyone.^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u04_2.1_1.mp3     A) Telecommunications connection to Vietnam. B) Vietnam's economic plans. C) Poor people in Vietnam. D) Questions about Vietnam. B
144 4 2.1   W: The Internet has changed the world, Asia most of all, where cities that were once remote and cut off from the world are now online.^
M: Yes, I agree. Have you been to Asia to see any of the changes?
It really is quite remarkable. I was in Sichuan last month.^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u04_2.1_2.mp3     A) The effect of the Internet. B) Remote cities of Asia. C) Changes to the world. D) Travel plans to Asia. A
145 4 2.1   W: Marty says that our store should get online, but I am not so sure.^
M: A year ago, I would've said no.
Our business just seems so small, but not anymore.
More and more small stores are posting pages on the Net so I think we should as well.^
Q: What do we know from the conversation?
u04_2.1_3.mp3     A) The store isn't so small anymore. B) The man says no to posting on the Internet. C) The store's Web pages seem so small. D) The store is among a shrinking group not on the Internet. D
146 4 2.1   W: Some people had doubts about our webpage, but I really think it's brought in a lot of new customers.^
M: I agree completely.
Business has boomed since we started the website.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u04_2.1_4.mp3     A) The speakers had doubts about their webpage. B) Most people have doubts about webpages. C) The Internet has been a boom for all business. D) The speakers have a business together. D
147 4 2.1   W: Hold up on that last prescription.
According to the patient's computer file, he has allergies.^
M: You're kidding! Good thing you looked up his file.
He'd have had a bad reaction if we'd given him that medicine.^
Q: Why do the speakers not give the medicine to the patient?
u04_2.1_5.mp3     A) Because they find out about the patient's allergy. B) Because they have made a wrong diagnosis. C) Because they find someone wants to kill the patient. D) Because they will give the patient more effective medicine. A
148 4 2.1   W: I've just got off the phone with the credit bureau.
Seems they had a problem with their computer files.^
M: Yeah, I had a similar problem.
Luckily, I was able to sort it before they blacklisted me for good!^
Q: What might've caused serious damage for the man?
u04_2.1_6.mp3     A) His bad luck. B) The phone company. C) The credit bureau. D) Faulty computer records. D
149 4 2.1   W: The job center is offering classes on using computer technology. You interested?^
M: It'd probably be a good idea.
I've been asked about my computer skills at all the job interviews I've had.
If I could learn some better skills, maybe I'd finally find a job.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u04_2.1_7.mp3     A) The woman is taking classes at the job center. B) The woman is interested in classes on computers. C) The man doesn't have a job. D) The man is going to have an interview. C
150 4 2.1   W: I'm kinda worried about how technology is used these days.
If governments are tracking us with computers... Well, isn't that something we should worry about?^
M: Nah. I mean, well, I suppose you might worry if you're doing something bad.^
Q: What does the man think?
u04_2.1_8.mp3     A) Governments should worry about technology. B) Governments should track people by computers. C) Technology is not a threat to good people. D) Technology is being used by governments. C
151 4 2.1   M: We've had five new computers installed in our classroom, but I don't think our teacher knows what to do with them.^
W: Really? Maybe I should come to see your teacher and see if I can help in any way.
Would it be embarrassing for you if I did?^
Q: What is the relationship between the speakers?
u04_2.1_9.mp3     A) Mother and son. B) Father and daughter. C) Teacher and student. D) Employer and employee. A
152 4 2.1   W: Will our library books do nothing but collect dust, now that the Internet gives all computer users access to so much data?^
M: Could be. Maybe over the next 15 years, all the books you see here will be thrown out to make room for more computers.^
Q: Where is this conversation taking place?
u04_2.1_10.mp3     A) In a library. B) In a bookstore. C) In a computer store. D) In a classroom. A
153 4 2.2 What Should It Do? M: So what do you think? Should Vietnam invest heavily in communications technology?^
W: Hm?^
M: Vietnam, the country...^
W: I know about the country. I learned about it in school.
But I don't have the foggiest notion of what you're talking about.^
M: The Vietnamese Government is putting a lot of money into communications technology -- you know, the Internet, mobile phone lines and the like.^
W: OK, so what's the problem?^
M: It's a really poor country -- most people there don't have as much as our family -- and many people outside of the country are saying the government should do more to help poor people.
I, for one, find the government's actions unbelievable. So...^
W: So, what?^
M: So, do you have any ideas? I'd like to know what you think.^
W: I think that the Vietnamese government is independent of outside influence and can do what it likes.^
M: The question isn't if it can or can't do it.
The question is what it SHOULD do?^
W: I don't know, man. I guess, well, I have a new computer, a mobile phone, the Internet, a mess of other technology.
And I like these things. The Vietnamese might like them too, and maybe make good use out of them.
u04_2.2.mp3 1. What are the speakers talking about? u04_2.2q1.mp3 A) What the costs are for information technology. B) What right the government has to do what it likes. C) How Vietnam should make use of its resources. D) How much money the Vietnamese people have. C
154 4 2.2       2. What is the problem? u04_2.2q2.mp3 A) The government is putting money in technology. B) Many Vietnamese don't have much money. C) The government doesn't believe in its people. D) Many Vietnamese don't have ideas about how to help. B
155 4 2.2       3. What can be inferred from the conversation about the man? u04_2.2q3.mp3 A) He thinks the government can do what it likes. B) He thinks the government should help its poor people. C) He is one of the poor people of Vietnam. D) He is wasting his money on the woman's tuition. B
156 4 2.2       4. How does the woman feel about technology? u04_2.2q4.mp3 A) It will be of good use to the Vietnamese. B) It can be enjoyable and helpful. C) It will allow a person to do what he likes. D) It can make a person independent. B
157 4 2.2       5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? u04_2.2q5.mp3 A) Teacher and student. B) Brother and sister. C) Mother and son. D) Father and daughter. D
158 4 2.3 Information Highway The "information highway", the "information superhighway", the "Interweb", the "Internet"... all of these words have come to identify the same thing -- the widespread connection of computers and information from around the world.
And as our understanding of this connection has changed, so too have the terms we've used to describe it.^
The information highway was a term used especially in the 1990s to describe the Internet.
The official project was dubbed the National Information Infrastructure and went beyond the interconnectivity of just computers; the scope broadened to include all types of data transmissions between a plethora of places, people, and devices.
It is often associated with the United States politician and former vice president, Al Gore, who promoted funding for programs that led to aspects of the development of the Internet.
Although its currency was wider than merely Gore -- many policy organizations made pronouncements about the so-called information highway or the variant information superhighway.
Both terms are used less frequently now that for many people the Internet has become a less abstract and more concrete thing; the highway analogy, though useful and apt, has perhaps served its purpose.
u04_2.3.mp3 1. What is the passage about? u04_2.3q1.mp3 A) The term "information highway". B) Our understanding of the Internet. C) Information from around the world. D) Former American vice-president, Al Gore. A
159 4 2.3       2. What was the official name of the Internet project? u04_2.3q2.mp3 A) The Information Highway. B) The Information Superhighway. C) The National Information Infrastructure. D) The Interweb. C
160 4 2.3       3. What was Al Gore's role in starting the Internet? u04_2.3q3.mp3 A) He led the development of the Internet. B) He gathered money for its development. C) He made pronouncements about it. D) He set government policy on it. B
161 4 2.3       4. What can we know from the passage? u04_2.3q4.mp3 A) People's understanding of the Internet is stronger. B) Currency is used on the Internet. C) Policy organizations control variant information. D) The Internet has created a new currency. A
162 4 2.3       5. What does the speaker have to say about the term "information highway"? u04_2.3q5.mp3 A) The term is used frequently. B) The term is more concrete. C) The term served an important purpose. D) The term is no longer useful. C
163 4 2.4 Bill Gates Bill Gates has made many contributions... ur... throughout the last 25 or 30 years, most of all, of course, the Windows Operating System, which more than 90% of all computers in the world use today.
He was a very shrewd, ur, business person at a, at an early age, almost as a teenager in fact, and he was one of the few people who could see a hobbyist market, that is, a bunch of nerds sort of playing with computers and chips in their basements and how that could become a potential business.^
And one of the interesting things that Microsoft under Bill Gates' leadership, was able to do, is in fact... ur... take on some of the biggest computer companies, basically IBM...
ur... at... you know, at a very early stage when IBM wasn't quite sure if the microcomputer was a toy or a potential business tool and Gates had faith that it was a business tool, he could see ahead, he has always been a, a fairly strategic thinker and uh...
that in turn... let him in fact, you know, dominate the computer industry that IBM would still like to be able to do.^
Will Microsoft innovate? --
That's a question that I usually answer by saying, I'm a historian so I live in the past and there are lots of people who are, sort of more expert in predicting the future, so I think I'll just leave it, leave it at that.
u04_2.4.mp3 1. The Windows Operating System _________ .
2. The average computer _________ .
3. A basement computer, just like chips, _________ .
4. Because of Gates' faith, the microcomputer _________ .
5. IBM _________ .
6. A person who studied history _________ .
  became a business tool^became Bill Gates' greatest contribution^started the biggest computer company^made it a wish to dominate like Bill Gates^innovated by answering questions^makes use of Gates' system^was not fit to comment on upcoming innovation^was the plaything of nerds       became Bill Gates' greatest contribution^makes use of Gates' system^was the plaything of nerds^became a business tool^made it a wish to dominate like Bill Gates^was not fit to comment on upcoming innovation
164 4 2.5 Different Views Towards the Internet Fact: the Internet is a tool that has many benefits.
People are able to communicate around the world for almost no cost.
Such communication would be very expensive by other methods.^
Fact: the Internet provides a lot of information.
The knowledge of the world is literally at our fingertips every time we turn on our computers.
Yet some of this information can be dangerous.^
So why do I hate, hate, hate the Internet?
First of all, the Internet is addictive.
Once I get on the Internet, it's hard for me to get off it.
I can spend all day on the computer without thinking what time it is.
Secondly, I am concerned that everyone in the world who has access to the internet can learn how to build a bomb or buy a gun.
Thirdly, some of the information on the internet isn't accurate.
Many people post information on web sites but they are often just rubbish or advertising products or services.
Searching for reliable information can take a lot of time.
u04_2.5.mp3 1^1^1   It is cheap.@0^It is addictive.@0@0   Reasons for the Internet^Reasons against the Internet   0@It provides a lot of information.^0@It contains dangerous information.@It contains information that is not accurate.
165 4 2.6 The Glory of Love Tonight it's very clear^
As we're both lying here^
There's so many things I wanna say^
I will always love you^
I will never leave you alone^^
Sometimes I just forget, say things I might regret^
It breaks my heart to see you crying^
I don't wanna lose you^
I could never make it alone^^
I am a man who will fight for your honor^
I'll be the hero that you're dreaming of^
We'll live forever knowing together^
That we did it all for the glory of love^^
You keep me standing tall^
You help me through it all^
I'm always strong when you're beside me^
I have always needed you^
I could never make it alone^^
I am a man who will fight for your honor^
I'll be the hero you've been dreaming of^
We'll live forever knowing together^
That we did it all for the glory of love^^
Just like a knight in shining armor^
From a long time ago^
Just in time I'll save the day^
Take you to my castle far away^^
I am the man who will fight for your honor^
I'll be the hero that you're dreaming of^
We're gonna live forever knowing together^
That we did it all for the glory of love^^
We'll live forever knowing together^
That we did it all for the glory of love^
We did it all for love^
We did it all for love
u04_2.6.mp3              
166 4 3.1 Definiteness and Percentage A: Excuse me, when will the train leave for Beijing?
I've been waiting here for an hour.^
B: I'm sorry, madam. The train is somewhat behind schedule.
Take a seat, and I'll notify you as soon as we know something definite.^
A: OK, I'll just sit here and read a magazine in the meantime.^
B: Thank you for your cooperation.
               
167 4 3.1   A: Doctor, please tell me the truth.
What are my chances of recovery?^
B: One hundred percent.^
A: Really? Are you sure?^
B: Absolutely.
               
168 4 3.1   A: What's the percentage of overseas markets in proportion to domestic markets for your products?^
B: The ratio is about seven overseas to three domestic.^
A: And what's the total amount of your annual sales?^
B: For fiscal year 2004 it was a little over three billion dollars.
               
169 4 3.1 Increase and Decrease A: Credit cards are really dangerous.
They offer low introductory interest rates.^
B: I know. I love that!
I've got one at zero percent and two at seven!^
A: Those will go up.
Most credit card rates are around fifteen to eighteen percent.^
B: But they're so easy to use.
C'mon, dinner at the mall; my treat!
               
170 4 3.1   A: The economic news doesn't look good, does it?^
B: Not according to the newspaper yesterday.
Costs seem to be rising in so many categories that it appears to defeat any efforts at stabilization.^
A: That's my feeling, too.
Raw material now costs more.
Labor is demanding higher wages and production costs continue to soar.^
B: There may be some relief this summer.
I guess the price of some food will decrease.
               
171 4 3.1   A: What happened to the E-Market mall?^
B: A big decrease in sales caused the store to close.^
A: Oh, that's bad. Will it open again?^
B: It all depends.
               
172 4 3.2 Different Views Towards the Internet Fact: the Internet is a tool that has many benefits.
People are able to communicate around the world for almost no cost.
Such communication would be very expensive by other methods.^
Fact: the Internet provides a lot of information.
The knowledge of the world is literally at our fingertips every time we turn on our computers.
Yet some of this information can be dangerous.^
So why do I hate, hate, hate the Internet?
First of all, the Internet is addictive.
Once I get on the Internet, it's hard for me to get off it.
I can spend all day on the computer without thinking what time it is.
Secondly, I am concerned that everyone in the world who has access to the internet can learn how to build a bomb or buy a gun.
Thirdly, some of the information on the internet isn't accurate.
Many people post information on web sites but they are often just rubbish or advertising products or services.
Searching for reliable information can take a lot of time.
u04_2.5.mp3     The Internet is one of the world's great inventions.^Our lives are improved greatly by the Internet.^The Internet is bringing us to our doom.^What a cruel and terrible monster the Internet is!        
173 4 3.3 IT and the Loss of Personal Privacy Information technology has opened up the world, allowing people to find out more about almost everything right away.
At any given minute, you can find information about nearly anything you want.
However, it's also possible for people to find information about you as well.^
One of the most widespread uses of information technology is in the saving and managing of personal information.
In the modern workplace, records about employees are saved in company databases.
Records exist elsewhere that keep track of your health issues, criminal records and the products we buy.
Even the names of books checked out at the library are recorded on the computer.^
In the old days, records like this would have been difficult to keep.
When they were kept, they were difficult to access.
This meant that a lot of personal information about people remained secret.
Nowadays, secrets are nearly impossible to keep.
Right now someone could be learning everything about you.
u04_3.3.mp3 Do you think this loss of privacy is acceptable? Does it worry you?   We should give careful thought to the issue of information technology and the loss of privacy. It definitely gives us something to worry about, and none of us should find the loss of privacy caused by new technology acceptable. At first glance, we can appreciate the loss of privacy for the advantages it brings. For example, we can keep a closer watch on criminals. It can also make records easier to get for doctors, who might need information about a patient quickly. There are other uses, too. However, I think that more harm than good is done. I'm especially concerned about someone using my information to know what I am buying. After all, this is my personal information. In addition, people could use my information to buy things that I would later be expected to pay for. Another problem is that someone I don't want to see in my life could find me. There are too many problems with the loss of privacy that is made possible by the Internet.        
174 4 4.1 New Technology Changes Our Lives Hi my name is Farben, and I'm from Germany. I want to talk about modern technology.
Well, I think modern technology, the things that we use everyday.
Mostly they have good sides to our daily life.
Cell phones, computers, or digital cameras, they really enrich our life.
We can share every moment together with some friends that maybe are far away in different countries.
And I can just send my pictures to my parents from America to Germany to Asia
to every place in the world. I can share them over the Internet.
But, of course, there are some people that are more careful with modern technologies. And I think, maybe,
this is not a bad approach because every modern technology, of course, has some bad sides.
And you really have to decide if you really need a cell phone.
If you really need a digital camera.
Maybe you don't need it at all.
So I think, well, everybody can change the modern technology in the way that he needs it.
That means everybody can use it in the way he wants to use it.^
Hi, this is Kim and I'm originally from South Korea.
And today I would like to talk about the Internet.
Uh, I know the Internet is a very good way of keeping people together,
communication, researching if you're writing things and whatnot.
You know, it's convenient.
But, um, in Korea it's becoming somewhat of a issue in regards of socialization amongst people.
Now, um, as opposed to western world where we're encouraged to go out and,
you know, meet people and stuff.
Uh, Asian people tend to be a little bit more conservative, meaning more shy.
So a lot of people, rather than spending the time and making the effort of stepping out and meeting new people,
they end up spending, you know, 3 to 4 days or even weeks at a time at their homes.
And, and their entire, uh, social life is in front of a computer.
So that could get kind of scary and, and I know it's, it's probably hard to prevent.
I can't do anything about it. But it's certainly something that we should look into.^
Hi my name is Ted. I am from America
and today I'm going to talk about the Internet and how new technology is changing our lives,
mostly in good ways I think.
For example, I'm a writer.
So, because of the Internet I'm able to research very quickly and easily.
Before, I had to go to the library.
I don't really do that much anymore, except if I go for fun.
I'm also able to work at home which is very nice. I don't have to go to an office everyday.
So, I'm able to work at home, receive my assignments, write them and send them back.
So I usually only go to the office for a meeting or to get paid, which is nice.
But there are some negative parts, or negative drawbacks of the Internet.
For example, I don't have any personal information out there.
I try not to put too much out there.
I don't have a blog or a myspace or a facebook page.
I think that's a little bit too personal.
I like to keep that information to myself.
So, overall, I think the Internet is a good thing.^
Hi. My name is Shizo Kyoda. I'm from Japan.
Now I'm going to talk about the information superhighway.
I think the information superhighway has enabled our lives to be more comfortable.
But in Japan and the other country, people are losing their real contact with each other.
There's so many people who don't leave their room,
even not even think to work because they are addicted to their computer.
I think the... If the advancement of computer technology continues to progress at this speed,
eventually people brain -- the human brain -- won't be able to take it anymore.
And we need to help each other, and we need to interaction with each other,
so I doubt whether or not Internet depending is good for us. Thank you.
              Farben.jpg^Kim.jpg^Ted.jpg^Shizo Kyoda.jpg
175 4 4.2       Farben: Everyone can change the modern technology in the way they need it and the way they use it.
Kim: The Internet is becoming an issue in Korea because many people stay indoors for days instead of going out for personal contact.
Ted: Ted have a blog where he gets feedback from his readers.
Shizo Kyoda: People are depending too much on the Internet and they beginning to use their brain less.
  T
T
F
F
      Farben1.jpg^Kim1.jpg^Ted1.jpg^Shizo Kyoda1.jpg
176 4 4.3                    
177 4 5.1 The Trouble with My Landlord W: Have a seat, Mr. Johnson. Now, what's the problem?^
M: Well, as I told you on the phone, I'm having a bit of trouble with my landlord.^
W: Yes! What sort of trouble?^
M: Well, when I moved in six months ago, he said he was going to fix up two or three things that needed doing.^
W: What sort of things exactly?^
M: Well, there was no ventilation in the kitchen and the hot water system wasn't working properly.^
W: And he said he'd have them attended to?^
M: Yes, that's right. He agreed to have them done.
But now six months have gone by and still nothing has been done.^
W: Um... so he's broken his promise.^
M: Yes, and not only that.
Now that the lease has run out, he wants to increase the rent by $10 a week!^
W: Well, he can't do that without your agreement, you know.^
M: Yes, I know that, but the trouble is he can evict me if I don't agree.^
W: Yes, that's true, he can. However, eviction is easier said than done.^
M: You mean it could be difficult for him?^
W: Yes, he can't just throw you out on the street.
He has to give you reasonable notice, usually a month.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. What are the speakers talking about?^
2. How long has the man lived in his current home?^
3. What can be inferred from the conversation?^
4. What does the landlord need permission for?^
5. What must a landlord do before sending a person out of his home?
u04_5.1.mp3     Q1: What are the speakers talking about?
Ans: B
Q2: How long has the man lived in his current home?
Ans: A
Q3: What can be inferred from the conversation?
Ans: B
Q4: What does the landlord need permission for?
Ans: C
Q5: What must a landlord do before sending a person out of his home?
Ans: A
       
178 4 5.2 Love the Inside of a Person People who want to find love on the Internet often do so because they want people to know them "for who they really are", rather than what they look like.
These people believe that it is the inside of a person, that is the intellect and the heart of a person that should be the deciding factor in love.
The outside shouldn't matter.^
This belief can be found in the famous story of "Beauty and the Beast".
"Beauty and the Beast" is a German fairy tale about a beautiful and gentle young woman who is taken to live with a man-beast in return for the Beast sparing her father's life when he accidentally insults him.
Beauty is kind to the well-mannered Beast, but pines for her family until the Beast allows her to visit them.
Once home, Beauty delays her return until she hears that the Beast is dying without her.
She returns to the Beast and restores him to health.
When she agrees to marry the beast, the evil spell upon him is broken, and he becomes a handsome prince.
Beauty and her prince live happily ever after.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What is the passage about?^
2. How do people on the Internet want to be seen?^
3. Which word best describes the woman in the story?^
4. What can be inferred from the story?^
5. What can we know from the story?
u04_5.2.mp3     Q1: What is the passage about?
Ans: A
Q2: How do people on the Internet want to be seen?
Ans: A
Q3: Which word best describes the woman in the story?
Ans: B
Q4: What can be inferred from the story?
Ans: B
Q5: What can we know from the story?
Ans: A
       
179 4 5.3 The Information Age Is Coming! A new era is upon us. Call it what you will: the service economy, the information age, or the knowledge society.
It all translates to a fundamental change in the way we work.
Already we're partly there.
The percentage of people who earn their living by making things has fallen dramatically in the Western world.
Today the majority of jobs in America, Europe and Japan are in the service industry, and that number is on the rise.
More women are in the workforce than ever before.
There are more part-time jobs.
More people are self-employed.
But the breadth of the economic transformation can't be measured by numbers alone, because it is also giving rise to a radical new way of thinking about the nature of work itself.
Long-held notions about jobs and careers, the skills needed to succeed, even the relationship between individuals and employers -- all of these are being challenged.^
We only have to look behind us to get some sense of what is ahead.
No one looking ahead 20 years could possibly have foreseen the ways in which a single invention, the chip, would transform our world thanks to its applications in personal computers, digital communications, and factory robots.
Tomorrow's achievements in biotechnology, artificial intelligence, or even some still unimagined technology could produce a similar wave of dramatic changes.
But one thing is certain: information and knowledge will become even more vital, and the people who possess it, whether they work in manufacturing or services, will have the greatest advantage and produce the most wealth.
Computer knowledge will become as basic a requirement as the ability to read and write.
u04_5.3.mp3     1) fundamental
2) dramatically
3) majority
4) workforce
5) self-employed
6) breadth
7) notions
8) its applications in personal computers, digital communications, and factory robots
9) still unimagined technology could produce a similar wave of dramatic changes
10) will have the greatest advantage and produce the most wealth
       
180 4 5.4 Imitate the Speaker What's our focus here?
Well, it's about new software opportunities.
Web sites and applications, which we've often thought of as two different things, are actually adopting the best practices of each other, and being able to move to whole new levels.
The responsiveness of the experience, the ability to connect to the rich graphical capabilities of the device, connecting up to the information that the users care about.
We've got quite a variety of people here which really reflect the skill sets that need to be brought to bear to make these customer experiences as great as they can be.
A lot of developers, a lot of designers, which is fantastic because we have very specific things we're doing for that group, and then, of course, people who are deciding about what to invest, and seeing where the Web is going, understanding what those opportunities look like.
In terms of size, you've got people doing the very biggest consumer Web sites all the way down to people doing smaller sized, and people who are design shops that help literally thousands of customers get in and use rich templates to have very competitive experiences.^^
From "Speech at the Microsoft MIX06 Conference (2006)" by Bill Gates
u04_5.4.mp3              
186 5 1.1 My Roommate M: Have you seen my toothbrush?^
W: Isn't it where you always keep it?^
M: In the cabinet above the bathroom sink?
No, it's not there.^
W: So, why do you think I'd know where it... oh, wait.
Yeah, I do know where it is.^
M: I thought so. So, where is it?^
W: Check beside the sink.^
M: OK... yeah, here it is. But it looks dirty.^
W: Sorry. I was using it to clean the toilet.^
M: The toilet?^
W: Yeah, but it should be OK to use again.
Just run some hot water over it.^
M: I can't believe this! I think we're gonna re-think this whole living-together situation.
I thought having a roommate...^
W: What, you aren't happy with me? Don't I pay half of all the bills?
And if it weren't for me, you'd be really lonely.
u05_1.mp3 The man usually keeps his toothbrush beside the sink.^The woman pours hot water over the man's toothbrush.^Having a roommate has some benefits for the man.           F^NG^T
187 5 1.2 My Roommate M: Have you seen my toothbrush?^
W: Isn't it where you always keep it?^
M: In the cabinet above the bathroom sink?
No, it's not there.^
W: So, why do you think I'd know where it... oh, wait.
Yeah, I do know where it is.^
M: I thought so. So, where is it?^
W: Check beside the sink.^
M: OK... yeah, here it is. But it looks dirty.^
W: Sorry. I was using it to clean the toilet.^
M: The toilet?^
W: Yeah, but it should be OK to use again.
Just run some hot water over it.^
M: I can't believe this! I think we're gonna re-think this whole living-together situation.
I thought having a roommate...^
W: What, you aren't happy with me? Don't I pay half of all the bills?
And if it weren't for me, you'd be really lonely.
u05_1.mp3 Have you ever had a roommate? Share your experiences with the class.
Which do you prefer, having a roommate or living by yourself? Give your reasons.
           
188 5 2.1 Do You Prefer to Be Alone? W: So, let me get this right -- you don't have a roommate, a live-in girlfriend, anything?
You just live by yourself? Why?^
M: I find it easier this way. Being by myself means I can do what I want.
It's lonely sometimes, of course.^
Q: According to the man, what is the advantage of living alone?
u05_2.1_1.mp3     A) Freedom. B) Simple life. C) More time. D) Quiet life. A
189 5 2.1   W: City life is so crowded. I like to get away sometimes to the forest where I can think in peace and quiet.^
M: I think that's just what I need. Living in the city, and with a roommate, it seems I can never be alone.
I never get the chance to think about the meaning of life, stuff like that.^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u05_2.1_2.mp3     A) Their trip to the forest. B) Thinking what they do when alone. C) The meaning of life. D) Reasons to go to a quiet place. D
190 5 2.1   W: In my first year at university, I had three roommates, all from different countries.^
M: That must've been great for teaching you about cultures and faraway places.
Did you stay in touch with them? What are they all doing now?^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u05_2.1_3.mp3     A) Cultures and places far away. B) The woman's first year of studies. C) Things the woman is doing now. D) The foreign roommates of the woman. D
191 5 2.1   W: Are all philosophers reclusive?
Do they all prefer their own company -- don't they like socializing with other people at all?^
M: No, not all of them.
Some of them like their privacy but many philosophers think it's important to be around people so they can learn about human nature.^
Q: Why do some philosophers spend time around people?
u05_2.1_4.mp3     A) To enjoy their company. B) To keep from being alone. C) To show their importance. D) To discover more about people. D
192 5 2.1   W: You wouldn't believe my roommate! She is a total nightmare!
I don't know what I'm going to do about her!^
M: Don't let her upset you, sweetie.
You should have a chat with her about what's annoying you.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u05_2.1_5.mp3     A) The man thinks the woman is distressing her roommate. B) The man thinks the woman should get along with her roommate. C) The woman is having nightmares because of her roommate. D) The woman has "cooled it" since being distressed by her roommate. B
193 5 2.1   W: Ever since I started living by myself, I've noticed that I often talk to myself.^
M: No need to be embarrassed about that. It's actually very common, and many people do it.
In fact, I do it myself.^
Q: What does the man often do?
u05_2.1_6.mp3     A) Get embarrassed. B) Live by himself. C) Talk to himself. D) Act in common ways. C
194 5 2.1   W: How would you like to have a roommate?
It'd reduce your costs and give you some company when you feel lonely.^
M: Jeez. Punch me in the face, why don't you?
Having a roommate would be a hassle and a half. Besides, I'm not lonely.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u05_2.1_7.mp3     A) The man punched his roommate in the face. B) The man needs to lower his costs. C) The man has a roommate who hassles him. D) The man really does not want a roommate. D
195 5 2.1   W: Things in my room keep going missing.
I haven't a clue as to what's happening to them.^
M: Well -- I guess the answer might be obvious.
No one but you and your roommate is in your room.
Have you given any thought to the idea that she may be taking your stuff?^
Q: What do we know from the conversation?
u05_2.1_8.mp3     A) The man is taking the woman's stuff. B) The woman's roommate has turned up missing. C) The man thinks the roommate might be stealing. D) The woman has been taking her roommate's stuff. C
196 5 2.1   M: Hello. I'm responding to an advertisement in the newspaper.
It says here that you want a roommate.^
W: Ha, ha. I hope you aren't serious.
I lived with you and Mom and Dad long enough.
I want a roommate that is not family.^
Q: What is the relationship between the speakers?
u05_2.1_9.mp3     A) Sister and brother. B) Husband and wife. C) Father and daughter. D) Mother and son. A
197 5 2.1   W: Are you sure you want to move out? To be on your own?
Wouldn't you like to at least have a roommate?^
M: Oh, don't worry about me, you and dad both. Really, I'll be fine.
Growing up as the only child of this family, I've learned how to be alone and I quite like my privacy.^
Q: What is the relationship between the speakers?
u05_2.1_10.mp3     A) Husband and wife. B) Brother and sister. C) Father and daughter. D) Mother and son. D
198 5 2.2 Leave Me Alone M: Mary? Mary? Ma...^
W: You can stop yelling now. You've found me.^
M: Oh, God. Mary, what have you been doing out here?^
W: I'm sorry, Dad. I just wanted to be alone.
I just... I haven't been well.
Maybe out here, in nature, where I could just think, I thought I could, I don't know.^
M: You wanted to think. I understand.
I sometimes like to go out, to the mountains, not the forest, like you have.
But you could've told me. I've been so worried. Your mother has been so worried too.^
W: That wasn't my intent. Like you said, I just needed to think.
I've been feeling so bad lately.^
M: You can come home now, right?^
W: I don't know.
Out here, away from everybody, in the peace and quiet of nature, I've been able to clear my head like I couldn't do in the city, back home with you and Mom.
No, I'm going to stay here, at least for a little while. Don't try to find me again.^
M: Mary, come back here! Mary?
u05_2.2.mp3 1. What is happening in the conversation? u05_2.2q1.mp3 A) The man has gone away to be alone. B) The man has found his daughter after searching. C) The woman has found her father. D) The woman has gone away with her father. B
199 5 2.2       2. Where does the man like to go when he's feeling bad? u05_2.2q2.mp3 A) The city. B) The mountains. C) The forest. D) His home. B
200 5 2.2       3. What does the woman think about nature? u05_2.2q3.mp3 A) It offers opportunity for mental healing. B) It is something like her home. C) It is a place where she can be with everybody. D) It is where she can be at home with her mom. A
201 5 2.2       4. What can be inferred from the conversation? u05_2.2q4.mp3 A) The woman doesn't plan to ever return home. B) The woman doesn't know where she will go in the end. C) The woman has run away from the man in the end. D) The woman is returning with the man back home. C
202 5 2.2       5. Where is the conversation taking place? u05_2.2q5.mp3 A) At home. B) In the mountains. C) In a forest. D) In the city. C
203 5 2.3 Dormitory Most people prefer living by themselves, as they think that the advantages of living alone, such as privacy and quiet, outweigh the negatives, which include loneliness and higher costs.
However, some people, college students most of all, do not have a choice.
Because costs are so high, they have to live with one or more other students in what's called a dormitory.^
The term "dormitory" usually refers to a large room with many single beds.
Examples are found in many rooming houses, hostels, universities, colleges, and barracks.
The room typically is a large room with beds and only sparse furnishings.
Such rooms can contain anywhere from two to hundreds of beds -- though very large rooms are rare except perhaps in military barracks.
Such rooms provide little or no privacy for the residents, and very limited storage for personal items in or near the beds.
Storage is sometimes provided in special store rooms in another part of the building.
u05_2.3.mp3 1. What is the passage about? u05_2.3q1.mp3 A) College living. B) Rooming houses. C) Negatives to living alone. D) Dormitories. D
204 5 2.3       2. Why do college students tend to live with others? u05_2.3q2.mp3 A) To save money. B) No choice. C) More positives. D) Loneliness. A
205 5 2.3       3. What is the common meaning for the word "dorm?" u05_2.3q3.mp3 A) Rooming house. B) Big room with several beds. C) Scholarship hall. D) Fraternity and sorority. B
206 5 2.3       4. Which of the following is likely to have the most beds? u05_2.3q4.mp3 A) Hostels. B) Army residence buildings. C) Scholarship halls. D) Military jails. B
207 5 2.3       5. What can be inferred from the passage? u05_2.3q5.mp3 A) Soldiers get less privacy typically. B) Most storage is available in or near the bed. C) Dorms are personal spaces. D) A dormitory is usually called a "dorm". A
208 5 2.4 Burn Your Perfect Man Checklist Are you turning men off?
It may not be how you look but it may be something that you are totally unaware of.
Hi, I'm Marie Forleo, life coach and author.
And today I want to talk to you about the perfect man checklist and why you need to burn that, girl.
Most women have something called the perfect man checklist.
It's an idea in their head about what the perfect man looks like and unknowingly every time they meet a new guy, they're kind of scanning round trying to see whether or not he fits that perfect man checklist.
Well, here is what I recommend -- burn the perfect man checklist.
That's right, lady, set it to fire.
Here is why.
That perfect man checklist was put together when you were a much younger version of yourself.
It's probably put together from people in your family, things that you learned in school, and it may not be appropriate to the beautiful and irresistible woman you are today.
When you have a perfect man checklist, it's cutting you off from boatloads of men that are out there that can be single, available, but they may not fit your pictures.
I know for me, I used to think that I used to have to be married to some Italian, very strong, masculine-looking guy, and I happened to be from Jersey. So we have that look.
You know what happened when I burned my perfect man checklist?
I absolutely met the man of my dreams.
So ladies, go ahead and burn that perfect man checklist.
You're gonna be so surprised at whom you meet.
You never know, it could be your Mr. Right.
For more advice on dating and relationships, check out my new book.
Make every man want you, or make yours want you more.
How to be so damn irresistible, you will barely keep from dating yourself.
u05_2.4.mp3 1. Women might be unaware of ____________________ .
2. The perfect man checklist is ____________________ .
3. You developed your perfect man checklist when you were ____________________ .
4. You should read the speaker's book if you want ____________________ .
5. This passage is about ____________________ .
          how they are turning men off^an idea in one's head about what the perfect man looks like^a much younger version of yourself^more advice on dating and relationships^burning the perfect man checklist
209 5 2.5 Roommates Are Bad Recently, I was asked to make a decision: either move into a dormitory with a roommate or move into an apartment by myself.
This was the easiest decision to make; I chose to live by myself.
My friends asked me why.^
Living with someone is one of the worst things a young adult can do. Why?
For one thing, by living with someone else, a person becomes dependent on them.
If, say, a roommate is willing and able to cook for us, we won't bother to learn to cook for ourselves.
For another thing, having a roommate is often a nuisance.
They might play music too loud or come home late at night.
And thirdly, when a person has a roommate, he is not free to do as he wishes.
If listening to the radio is bothering his roommate, he may have to shut it off.^
I'm lucky in that I can afford to live by myself.
My friends aren't so fortunate, and I think they will suffer because of it.
u05_2.5.mp3 1^1^1   0^0^0   Reasons why having roommates is bad   Having a roommate causes one to be dependent.^Having a roommate is a nuisance.^Having a roommate means that you cannot be totally free to do what you want.
210 5 2.6 Guitars, Cadillacs Girl, you taught me how to hurt real bad^
And cry myself to sleep^
And showed me how this town can shatter dreams^
Another lesson 'bout a naive fool^
Who came to Babylon^
And found out that the pie^
Don't taste so sweet^^
Now it's guitars, Cadillacs, hillbilly music^
Lonely, lonely streets that I call home^
Yeah, my guitars, Cadillacs, hillbilly music^
It's the only thing that keeps me hangin' on^^
Ain't no glamour in this tinsel land^
Of lost and wasted lives^
Painful scars are all that's left of me^
I wanna thank-you girl for teachin' me^
Brand new ways to be cruel^
Like findin' mine now I guess I'll just leave^^
And it's guitars, Cadillacs, hillbilly music^
Lonely, lonely streets that I call home^
Yeah, my guitars, Cadillacs, hillbilly music^
It's the only thing that keeps me hangin' on^^
Oh it's guitars, Cadillacs, hillbilly music^
Lonely, lonely streets that I call home^
Yeah, my guitars, Cadillacs, hillbilly music^
It's the only thing that keeps me hangin' on^^
It's the only thing that keeps me hangin' on^^
It's the only thing that keeps me hangin' on
u05_2.6.mp3              
211 5 3.1 Defining A: Have you heard anything about UFO's?^
B: Of course. Why?^
A: I hear people talk about them a lot.
But I don't know what they are exactly.^
B: They are sometimes disk-shaped objects allegedly seen flying at high speeds
and presumed to come from outer space.
               
212 5 3.1   A: What is the meaning of "migrate"?^
B: The definition of the word is "to go from one region, country or place, to another, often periodically".^
A: Is it different from the word "emigrate"?^
B: Yes, "to emigrate" is just to leave a country, usually on one's own, but not repeatedly.
               
213 5 3.1   A: What is the meaning of "layman"?^
B: We define the word as one without professional or special knowledge.^
A: I still don't understand.^
B: Well, to put it simply, it means a person who is not trained in a particular subject or type of work.^
A: Oh, now I see. Thank you.
               
214 5 3.1 Explaining A: They turned me down.^
B: Sorry, I don't quite follow you.^
A: What I mean is that they didn't give me the chance.^
B: There is no need to be so upset.
               
215 5 3.1   A: What do you think of this T-shirt?
It looks nice, doesn't it?^
B: Not bad. But I don't think it's suitable for you.
The design is popular with young people.^
A: What do you mean?^
B: To be frank, it is not suitable for your age.
               
216 5 3.1   A: I have to write three papers this semester.
I'd rather have examinations.^
B: What do you mean?^
A: Well, you only memorize for exams.
You may work very hard only for a couple of days. Then that's all.^
B: I don't think so. Before the examination, we need to have a review of the whole term's work.
To do well in an exam, we have to study hard for several days.
               
217 5 3.1 Interpreting A: That is my opinion. Have I made myself clear?^
B: I'm sorry, but I still don't quite understand what you mean by that.^
A: OK. Let me put it another way.
I mean that work has really knocked me out.^
B: Take it easy. You will be all right.
               
218 5 3.1   A: Did you tell me to get to the station by ten?^
B: Yes, why?^
A: At first I thought you told me to be there by nine.^
B: No, ten. See you then.
               
219 5 3.1   A: Is it true that you are going to have a birthday party for Robert?^
B: Yes, will you join us?^
A: Sure, I'd like to very much. Thank you.^
B: Well, that will be great!
               
220 5 3.2 Roommates Are Bad Recently, I was asked to make a decision: either move into a dormitory with a roommate or move into an apartment by myself.
This was the easiest decision to make; I chose to live by myself.
My friends asked me why.^
Living with someone is one of the worst things a young adult can do. Why?
For one thing, by living with someone else, a person becomes dependent on them.
If, say, a roommate is willing and able to cook for us, we won't bother to learn to cook for ourselves.
For another thing, having a roommate is often a nuisance.
They might play music too loud or come home late at night.
And thirdly, when a person has a roommate, he is not free to do as he wishes.
If listening to the radio is bothering his roommate, he may have to shut it off.^
I'm lucky in that I can afford to live by myself.
My friends aren't so fortunate, and I think they will suffer because of it.
u05_2.5.mp3     The speaker believes that having a roommate has three negative consequences.^Having a roommate is something to be avoided.        
221 5 3.3 Human Relations The old man: I wanted all of my sons, daughters, grandsons, and granddaughters to come to my bed but only three of you have come.
I know the others won't come now.
Anyway, I'm going to tell you the story of my life.^
When I was in my twenties, I dreamed of changing the world.
I thought I could do that.
When I reached middle age, I found I couldn't change the world.
However, I thought I could change my country.
When I retired, I realized I could never change the country.
Then, I thought I could still influence my family members.^
Now, I'm leaving you all and I have learned I could not even change my own family.
I realize now that I was wrong from the beginning.
If I had made changes to myself first, then perhaps I would have been able to influence the people in my family and the people around me.
If I had been more kind to others, more generous to others, more considerate of others, more friendly to others, more...
u05_3.3.mp3 How should we act toward people close to us? Should we ignore our friends and family for the sake of our own interests?   Life can be very busy, and it is good to stop and think more about the importance of our close relationships. Of course, we shouldn't ignore our friends and family members. Even though we are caught up in wishes to change the world or something like that, we should all be careful how we act toward people close to us. The measures we should take are quite clear. Rather than the world problems, we should focus on problems within ourselves. Are we kind enough? Are we generous enough? These are the questions we should ask. Following this, we should then try to make improvements, making ourselves better people. If we become good, we will then have a good influence on others, most importantly on our family members and friends. They, our friends and family, must come before our own interests. We must love them whole-heartedly. We must find out their needs and then work to satisfy those needs. By putting friends and family members before our own interests, we can have the best possible lives.        
222 5 4.1 Roommates Hi, this is Betsy from Hong Kong. I'm going to talk to you about roommates today.
I think a good thing about having roommates is a lot of times you can help each other,
uh, in the house and for example my roommate Evan, who is American, who studies Chinese in Hong Kong,
um, sometimes he helps me water my plants and we do language exchange, um, which is a lot of fun.
But sometimes it's, uh, not so good about having roommates is that
you don't really have the privacy sometimes you really need.
Um, for example, if you have boyfriends or girlfriends coming over,
um, pretty much you can only stay in your room.
You can't really walk around the house.
Um, otherwise your roommates see you then it's kind of embarrassing.
Um, so I think there are good things and bad things about having roommates.^
Hi this is Kim and I would like to talk to you about having roommates.
Now I have, I guess you could say I have a roommate right now
because I'm married and I live with my wife so I guess she's my roommate.
But when I was younger, going to college and, you know, starting work,
um, you know, it was easier for to have somebody to share the rent money with so of course I had roommates.
And, being the fact that I'm Korean, I was raised in California but I still you know, had kimchi,
the traditional food for Koreans at my house because I really get cravings sometimes.
And um, my roommate Johnny, being an American, you know,
white American, had a lot of problems with the kimchi in the refridgerator because
whenever he would open it he would complain about the smell and stuff
and I would say things about his socks and his other hygene problems.
So I guess it's hard to have roommates.
But it's all about communication and understanding what, you know, our backgrounds are.
So I'm glad it worked out in the end. We're still good friends.^
Hi, my name is Steve. I come from England.
Before getting married or living individually many people share a house or apartment with a roommate.
The advantages are that roommates share the rent and the bills.
Living with roommates can be a great deal of fun. It can also be a nightmare.
If the roommates have different standards then tensions can mount up.
For example if one roommate doesn't like cleaning up
and the other roommate likes to live in a clean house then that can lead to arguments.
Also food, if you come home one night
and your roommate has tucked into your sandwiches that you were saving for dinner
then that is bound to make you angry.
Learning to live together is important with roommates.
To live together you need to be tolerant and patient.^
Hello, my name's Terry. I'm from Indiana, in the United States.
And I'm talking about my roommate my friend.
Huh, I've always had a hard time putting those two things together.
In fact very early on in my single life I wrote off the idea of ever having roommates.
I enjoy my privacy far too much.
Uh, maybe I'm a little bit of a control freak too
and when you live with somebody else you naturally have to give up some of that control
and most of that privacy.
So those things were very valuable to me and my life so I protected that very well for many years.
Though if you find people who also understand the value of privacy
and the value of self control, ah, I think they would make a really good roommate.
              Betsy03.jpg^Kim.jpg^Steve.jpg^Terry.jpg
223 5 4.2       Communication is important to keep a good relation with a roommate.^One of the bad things about having a roommate is that you don't have privacy.^A good roommate should understand the value of privacy and self control.^It is important to be tolerant and patient to be a good roommate.   2^1^4^3       Betsy031.jpg^Kim1.jpg^Steve1.jpg^Terry1.jpg
224 5 4.3                    
225 5 5.1 Children at Home Alone W: I was surprised to find the other day that a lot of children have the experience of being home alone, for example, during the vacations.
Some of these children enjoy being without parental control but there are many hidden dangers for them, especially in this violent society.
That's why many parents are worried when they have to leave their children alone in the house.
Professor Elkind, do you think this has become a serious social problem?^
M: Yes. As we know, this used to be a problem for poor children, but the problem is growing as now more and more middle-class kids are being left at home alone too.
The suburbs have some of the same social ills as the inner cities.^
W: So it's more common now?^
M: Yes, that's right.^
W: I wonder if all the children like being at home alone?^
M: No, not all of them.
The data shows that it's a particularly frightening experience for eight-or-nine-year-olds.
At that age they know enough to be fearful and their imaginations can cause them to have unfounded fear as well.^
W: So do you have any advice for parents?
Some parents have to work, and they can't be home in time for the end of the school day.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. What is the conversation about?^
2. What surprises the woman?^
3. How does the man feel about the children's current situation?^
4. What can be inferred from the conversation?^
5. How do many young children feel about their situation?
u05_5.1.mp3     Q1: What is the conversation about?
Ans: C
Q2: What surprises the woman?
Ans: D
Q3: How does the man feel about the children's current situation?
Ans: A
Q4: What can be inferred from the conversation?
Ans: B
Q5: How do many young children feel about their situation?
Ans: D
       
226 5 5.2 A Solitary Diner A solitary diner slips into a midtown Manhattan restaurant, trying not to be noticed.
No sooner does he check his coat than the voice of the headwaiter comes booming across the restaurant.^
"A table for one, Sir?"^
And then, just in case there is a customer in the restaurant who isn't yet aware of his situation, a waiter shouts out from the counter, "There's a table for one in the corner."^
Eating alone in a restaurant is one of the most frightening experiences for many people in America.^
The solitary diner can feel he is looked down upon by waiters, and made fun of by couples.
He is the unwanted and unloved child of the restaurant.
As soon as he appears, he is led out of sight and seated at a small table with barely enough room on it for a cold dish.
Often that table for one is merely a hair's breadth from the men's room or stuck right by the door into the kitchen.
There he sits trying not to make eye contact with anyone but wondering where he went wrong in life.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What is the passage about?^
2. Why is the diner noticed?^
3. What is one of the most frightening experiences?^
4. Where is the customer seated?^
5. What can be inferred from the passage?
u05_5.2.mp3     Q1: What is the passage about?
Ans: A
Q2: Why is the diner noticed?
Ans: C
Q3: What is one of the most frightening experiences?
Ans: A
Q4: Where is the customer seated?
Ans: C
Q5: What can be inferred from the passage?
Ans: D
       
227 5 5.3 Companionship and Health Thirty years ago, anyone blaming loneliness for physical illness would have been laughed at.
But as scientists studied different populations, loneliness kept emerging as a risk factor.
In one study, Californian researchers followed 4,700 residents of Alameda County for 10 years, starting in 1965.^
At first, the participants reported their key sources of companionship and estimated the time they devoted to each other.
During the study, the people who reported the least social contact died at nearly three times the rate of those reporting the most.
The source of companionship didn't matter, but time spent with others was critical.^
Since then, researchers have studied men, women, soldiers, and students from countries all over the world.
And the same pattern keeps emerging.
Women who say they feel isolated go on to die of cancer at several times the expected rate.
College students who report "strained and cold" relationships with their parents suffer extraordinary rates of hypertension and heart disease decades later.
Heart-attack survivors who happen to live by themselves die at twice the rate of those who live with others.^
For those of us who are still healthy, the lesson should be obvious.
It's clear that reaching out to others can help our bodies thrive.
It's equally clear that we're growing more isolated. In 1900, only 5 percent of U.S. households consisted of one person living alone.
The proportion reached 13 percent in 1960, and it stands at 25 percent today.
u05_5.3.mp3     1) emerging
2) residents
3) participants
4) companionship
5) soldiers
6) isolated
7) extraordinary
8) who happen to live by themselves die at twice the rate of those who live with others
9) It's clear that reaching out to others can help our bodies thrive
10) only 5 percent of U.S. households consisted of one person living alone
       
228 5 5.4 Imitate the Speaker A good companion is better than a fortune, for a fortune cannot purchase those elements of character which make companionship a blessing.
The best companion is one who is wiser and better than ourselves, for we are inspired by his wisdom and virtue to nobler deeds.
Greater wisdom and goodness than we possess lifts us higher mentally and morally.^^
From "Choice of Companions"
u05_5.4.mp3              
231 6 1.1 Have You Learned Your Lesson? W: Please, take a seat. Do you know why you're here?^
M: You're gonna interview me for a job, right?^
W: I don't think this is a good time for jokes.
The board in front of you is going to make a decision as to whether you should be released from prison and allowed to return to society.
I will ask you some questions, and it is in your best interests to take this interview seriously and answer honestly.
Do you understand?^
M: I do.^
W: Fine. You have now served 15 years of your 20-year sentence and you may be eligible for early release.
However, there is a procedure to follow and your present attitude must be taken into consideration.
How do you feel about returning to society?^
M: Ma'am?^
W: What will you do if you're released?^
M: If I'm released?
Don't worry, ma'am. I expect to keep my nose clean.
I'm going to go straight. I'm no longer a danger to society, I promise.
That's the honest truth.
u06_1.mp3 What will be decided after the interview?^How long has the man been in prison?^Why do you think people commit crimes?   0^0^0       Whether the man should be released from prison/returned to society.^15 years.^People who commit crimes want to enjoy life without working hard. They need money to buy expensive things.
232 6 1.2 Have You Learned Your Lesson? W: Please, take a seat. Do you know why you're here?^
M: You're gonna interview me for a job, right?^
W: I don't think this is a good time for jokes.
The board in front of you is going to make a decision as to whether you should be released from prison and allowed to return to society.
I will ask you some questions, and it is in your best interests to take this interview seriously and answer honestly.
Do you understand?^
M: I do.^
W: Fine. You have now served 15 years of your 20-year sentence and you may be eligible for early release.
However, there is a procedure to follow and your present attitude must be taken into consideration.
How do you feel about returning to society?^
M: Ma'am?^
W: What will you do if you're released?^
M: If I'm released?
Don't worry, ma'am. I expect to keep my nose clean.
I'm going to go straight. I'm no longer a danger to society, I promise.
That's the honest truth.
u06_1.mp3 Which is more serious, nonviolent crime or violent crime? Give your reasons.
Do you think the fear of being punished harshly can prevent people from hideous crimes? Give your reasons.
           
233 6 2.1 Criminal Acts W: A quick look at the books has shown a discrepancy.
I'm afraid someone is stealing from the company.^
M: Stealing? Here? Nonsense! I'm sure everyone here is honest.
You must've made a mistake!^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u06_2.1_1.mp3     A) The man believes the woman's mistake is an honest one. B) The man believes the woman has been stealing from the company. C) The woman believes someone has been stealing from the company. D) The woman believes the company's books show a mistake. C
234 6 2.1   W: How can you afford such nice things on your salary?
Something fishy is going on here.^
M: OK, I'll come clean with you. But you can't tell anyone, OK?
I've found a way getting some money from one of the funds.^
Q: What can we know from the conversation?
u06_2.1_2.mp3     A) The man is clear of any wrongdoing. B) The man has stolen from his employer. C) The man has put money into a company fund. D) The man is planning to buy nice things. B
235 6 2.1   M: These cars are very nice, but I don't think we can get them out of the country without paying a lot of money to the government.^
W: Don't worry. We'll need to give some money to the customs people so they'll look the other way, then we'll be all right.^
Q: What is the woman planning to do?
u06_2.1_3.mp3     A) To slip the cars past a customs official. B) To pay a lot of money to the government. C) To bribe the customs people. D) To get money for moving the cars out of the country. C
236 6 2.1   M: Stealing just is wrong and it isn't worth it, and you must promise me that you will never do it again.
Don't you know the trouble you could land in?^
W: Yeah, I'm sorry, Dad. I don't know what I was thinking.
And I promise I'll never do it again.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u06_2.1_4.mp3     A) The woman has never stolen anything. B) The woman has thought about her dad. C) The woman has gotten into trouble. D) The woman has stolen something. D
237 6 2.1   M: Hey, did you hear the news?
Seems bygone of the big company presidents stole company funds and ran off to the Caribbean.^
W: This happens so often these days. And you know what?
He'll probably get away with it. I'm so fed up seeing rich people do whatever they want.^
Q: What is the woman tired of seeing?
u06_2.1_5.mp3     A) People steal money. B) Rich criminals go free. C) Thieves run to the Caribbean. D) People do whatever they want. B
238 6 2.1   W: What do you think?
Should police be allowed to carry guns on the streets when they're on patrol?^
M: That's a tough one. On one hand, the police could make a mistake and kill an innocent person.
But on the other hand, if criminals have guns...!^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u06_2.1_6.mp3     A) The two speakers have different views about gun control. B) Police having guns on the streets cause a lot of problems. C) The man doesn't know if it's good for the police to carry. D) The woman is against police carrying guns on the streets. C
239 6 2.1   M: Fifty rounds of bullets were fired into a truck thought to be carrying drugs, but it was actually only carrying bicycles.^
W: Oh dear, that's incredible! I hope no one was hurt?
Were the people responsible caught?^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u06_2.1_7.mp3     A) A mistake made concerning a shooting. B) A truck that was carrying drugs. C) A truck with bicycles that caught on fire. D) A person that was hurt in a mess. A
240 6 2.1   M: Did you see the training video?
It should show you everything you need to know about policing the border.^
W: I saw it. But it's not enough.
Shouldn't I have more training for dealing with people trying to cross illegally?^
Q: What does the woman want?
u06_2.1_8.mp3     A) A police officer at the border. B) A deal with criminals. C) A training video. D) Additional instructions. D
241 6 2.1   W: Police tracked the man down and linked him to a bank account in Switzerland, where he'd hidden the stolen money.^
M: Actually, there was more than one account --£150 million in Spain, £270 million in France, £325 million in Italy, and £680 million in Switzerland.^
Q: How much money did the thief hide in France?
u06_2.1_9.mp3     A) 680 million. B) 150 million. C) 325 million. D) 270 million. D
242 6 2.1   M: Listen, yeah, I know you could turn me in and tell people I've been stealing money.
But if you don't, I'll make sure you get a cut.^
W: Extra money could help in sending my kids to college and caring for my parents, but I can't do it.
I won't sleep easy and why should you get away with it, anyway?^
Q: What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
u06_2.1_10.mp3     A) Teacher and student. B) Employer and employee. C) Father and daughter. D) Mother and son. B
243 6 2.2 A $5 Bribe M: What's this money for? Are you trying to bribe me?^
W: What does it look like?^
M: It looks like $5. Do you really think that I can be bribed so cheaply?^
W: Well, let's go over this.
Yes, you caught me with my hand in the till.
Fine. Oh, and yes, you could fire me and turn me in to the police.
But it's really your fault, you know.
My salary was so low. What did you think I was going to do?
I had to top it up. So now you ask me if I think you're cheap enough to take a $5 bribe?
You know what? Yeah. I kinda do.^
M: You're insane.^
W: Mr. Thompson, I've been pushed to the edge, and if I'm going down, I'm going to take someone down with me.
How about you, are you ready to take the plunge?^
M: What's that mean?^
W: I'm not the only thief in the company.
I've got computer records that prove you've been stealing as well.
So, how about you go ahead and call the cops?^
M: OK, OK.^
W: You're going to take that $5 now?^
M: Yeah, I'll take it.
u06_2.2.mp3 1. What are the speakers talking about? u06_2.2q1.mp3 A) A bribe. B) Company records. C) Salary. D) The police. A
244 6 2.2       2. Why does the woman think the man is cheap? u06_2.2q2.mp3 A) Because he is willing to take a $5 bribe. B) Because he pays her so little for her work. C) Because he has offered her a $5 bribe. D) Because he has stolen $5 from the company. B
245 6 2.2       3. What does the man think about the woman? u06_2.2q3.mp3 A) She is cheap. B) She is fat. C) She is crazy. D) She is on edge. C
246 6 2.2       4. What can be inferred from the conversation? u06_2.2q4.mp3 A) The man will call the police. B) The man has computer records against the woman. C) The man will not say anything about the theft. D) The man has already called the cops. C
247 6 2.2       5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? u06_2.2q5.mp3 A) Sister and brother. B) Doctor and patient. C) Teacher and student. D) Employer and employee. D
248 6 2.3 Reasons for Different Punishment Some people complain about what they see as hypocrisy in society.
White-collar criminals, people who commit business crimes, are punished less severely than are blue-collar criminals, people who commit crimes such as assault and mugging.
I, however, think there is a sensible reason for the difference.^
A reason for differential treatment might be the fact that, all other things being equal, criminal penalties tend to be more related to the degree of physical force or violence involved than to the monetary loss.
Because white-collar crimes are usually committed by people with opportunities that do not require violence, they are far less likely to get severe penalties.
For example, someone who mugs a victim on the street by threatening to knife him is very likely to be punished with a more severe sentence than an inside trader who cheats shareholders out of million dollars.
This doesn't seem so wrong to me.
u06_2.3.mp3 1. What is the speaker talking about? u06_2.3q1.mp3 A) The effect of white and blue-collar crimes. B) Hypocrisy in our society concerning law. C) Reason for different treatment of criminals. D) Monetary loss in white-collar crimes. C
249 6 2.3       2. What is the relationship between crime and punishment? u06_2.3q2.mp3 A) Punishment is based upon opportunity for violence. B) Punishment is based upon equal treatment. C) Punishment is based upon the money lost. D) Punishment is based upon violence of the crime. D
250 6 2.3       3. What can be inferred from the speaker? u06_2.3q3.mp3 A) Physical force and violence have reasons. B) Monetary loss involves violence. C) White-collar crime requires violence. D) Blue-collar crime requires violence. D
251 6 2.3       4. According to the speaker, which of the following people will be treated most severely? u06_2.3q4.mp3 A) A mugger who uses a knife. B) An inside trader. C) A cheating shareholder. D) A person who cheats a shareholder. A
252 6 2.3       5. What does the speaker think about the different methods of law enforcement? u06_2.3q5.mp3 A) It shows the hypocrisy of society. B) It is reasonable and fair. C) It makes physical force unnecessary. D) It seems wrong to him. B
253 6 2.4 Bombings Atlanta, Georgia, a terrorist bomb explodes in Centennial Olympic Park, killing one woman, and injuring hundreds.
North Cardwell, New Jersey, an advertising executive is killed when he opens a mysterious package which explodes in his hands.
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, a powerful blast destroys the federal building, claiming 168 lives.
In all three cases, it's a race against time, as an elite division of the FBI known as the Explosives Unit attempts to catch the mad bombers before they strike again.^
FBI's Explosives Unit is a part of the FBI laboratory.
It does the forensic examination of bomb components, unexploded bombs.
They also do residue analysis of the explosives that are used in bombs.^
Explosives examiner, Donald Sachtleben, agreed to take us inside one of the nation's most secretive crime-fighting laboratories.
Here, this team of highly trained technicians and forensic scientists carefully combs through evidence, searching for any clues that will help the FBI capture a bomber.
In Atlanta, the search for answers begins at ground zero, the scene of the Olympic bombing where every step is fraught with danger.^
At any crime scene, you have to assume that there could be other devices there what we call secondary devices or booby traps.
Um, we've seen that recently in some of the bombings around the Atlanta and Birmingham areas.^
In Atlanta, agents are sifting through the rubble of an abortion clinic bombing when suddenly, a secondary device explodes.
Miraculously, no one is killed.
But seven people are injured, including several federal agents.
But in the aftermath of the Olympic bombing, investigators rely on surprisingly common technology to search for deadly booby traps.^
The most effective tool that we have is the X-Ray, the portable X-Ray.
We can actually go up to a package and with remote technique, we can put the X-Ray down, X-Ray the package and see whether or not it's a hazard.
u06_2.4.mp3 1. One was killed and hundreds were hurt in _____________________________ .
2. An advertising executive was killed by a bomb in _____________________________ .
3. Over 100 people were killed in _____________________________ .
4. America's most secretive forensic examinations are done in _____________________________ .
5. The dangerous area in which the Olympics were bombed was at _____________________________ .
6. Agents were hurt as they searched through wreckage in _____________________________ .
  Centennial Olympic Park^ground zero^Georgia City, Georgia^the FBI laboratories^Oklahoma City, Oklahoma^Birmingham^an Atlanta abortion clinic^North Cardwell, New Jersey       Centennial Olympic Park^North Cardwell, New Jersey^Oklahoma City, Oklahoma^the FBI laboratories^ground zero^an Atlanta abortion clinic
254 6 2.5 White-collar Crime Should Be Punished? Crime by business people is a hot topic these days.
And it seems that many people would like to see more crooked businessmen behind the bars of a jail cell.
There may be good reasons to do so.
My favorite reason is that white-collar crime costs people -- shareholders, taxpayers, and others -- money.
Another sound argument for punishing these criminals is that corruption is undermining confidence.^
Still, I don't think that fraudsters deserve the same sorts of punishment as killers and robbers.
One reason is that their crimes are not violent.
So-called "white-collar" crime rarely involves guns or physical brutality.^
Another reason is that "white-collar" criminals usually return money to make up compensations for financial losses.
This is a sign of their regret for what they have done.
And this is a rule stipulated by law.
u06_2.5.mp3 1^1^1   It costs people money.@0^It is not violent.@0@0   Reasons why white-collar crime should be punished^Reasons why white-collar crime should not be punished severely   0@Punishing the criminals will deter others.^0@White-collar criminals are respected in society.@White-collar crime has no victims.
255 6 2.6 Ain't No Mountain High Enough Listen, baby^
Ain't no mountain high^
Ain't no valley low^
Ain't no river wide enough, baby^
If you need me, call me^
No matter where you are^
No matter how far^
Don't worry, baby^
Just call my name^
I'll be there in a hurry^
You don't have to worry^^
'Cause baby, there ain't no mountain high enough^
Ain't no valley low enough^
Ain't no river wide enough^
To keep me from getting to you, babe^^
Remember the day^
I set you free^
I told you you could always count on me, darling^
From that day on I made a vow^
I'll be there when you want me some way, somehow^^
'Cause baby, there ain't no mountain high enough^
Ain't no valley low enough^
Ain't no river wide enough^
To keep me from getting to you, babe^^
Oh, no, darling^
No wind, no rain^
No winter's cold can stop me baby^
No, no, baby^
Cause you are my own (You're ever in trouble)^
I'll be there on the double^
Just send for me^
Oh, baby^^
My love is alive way down in my heart^
Although we are miles apart^
If you ever need a helping hand^
I'll be there on the double^
Just as fast as I can^^
Don't you know that there ain't no mountain high enough^
Ain't no valley low enough^
Ain't no river wide enough^
To keep me from getting to you, babe^
Don't you know that there ain't no mountain high enough^
Ain't no valley low enough^
Ain't no river wide enough...
u06_2.6.mp3              
256 6 3.1 Narrating A: Look, here's your graduation photo.
Who's that girl next to you?^
B: It's Jane Moore.^
A: Oh, yes. How is she doing now?^
B: She went to medical school after finishing college.
And then she moved to Sydney.
I was told she has been doing very well recently.
               
257 6 3.1   A: I'll never forget the traffic accident I experienced.^
B: When was it?^
A: It was last Monday. I was riding to school on my bike when a truck overtook me.
The truck side-swiped my bike and I crashed.^
B: Oh, no! Were you injured?^
A: No. Luckily, I was quick-witted enough to roll away from the truck.
               
258 6 3.1   A: How do you like your new house?^
B: To tell you the truth, I'm rather disappointed with it.^
A: How come?^
B: It isn't as spacious as I thought it would be.
I expected it to be a lot more spacious.
               
259 6 3.1 Describing A: In my opinion, if there was a better-paying job, certainly I would jump at the chance.^
B: I'm not so sure.^
A: Do you mean you don't want to earn more money?^
B: The point is I would want to find a job that suits me regardless of money or other things.
               
260 6 3.1   A: Why do you look so happy?^
B: I've rented an apartment in Jing Yue Community. It's a beautiful place.^
A: Well, tell me something about it.^
B: It's a new garden-like community.
There are lawns and flower beds all around.
The roads are all lined with trees.
               
261 6 3.1   A: Excuse me.^
B: Yes, ma'am. Can I help you?^
A: I've lost my coat.^
B: What color is it?^
A: It's dark gray wool with a fur collar.
               
262 6 3.1 Clarifying A: Sir, could you please help me? I can't find my boy!^
B: Where did you first notice he was missing?^
A: I was looking at the shoes in this store, and then he was gone.^
B: Can you describe him for me?^
A: He's 5 years old, about a meter tall.
He has a round face and is wearing a green T-shirt.
               
263 6 3.1   A: You can say that TV makes people lazy.^
B: Yes, but it is entertaining.^
A: I'd rather listen to the radio than watch TV.^
B: But I think TV is a medium that reaches a large audience.
               
264 6 3.1   A: How do you find your new boss?^
B: Well, since you ask me, he is a very reserved person.^
A: Sorry, but what do you mean by """"reserved""""?^
B: Frankly, he never shows his feelings.
You never know what he's thinking.
               
265 6 3.1 Arguing A: You shouldn't work like that.^
B: What do you mean?^
A: You should pay more attention to your health and do more exercise.^
B: Thank you. I know you're right.
               
266 6 3.1   A: Modern cities are too noisy to live in.^
B: Yes, but a lot of things can't be done in the countryside.^
A: Don't you think it would be nice to live in the suburbs?^
B: It might be.
               
267 6 3.1   A: These pop songs only express dissatisfaction and anger.
So, I don't like them.^
B: I agree with you to some extent, but I think most pop songs are very nice.^
A: I enjoy the music of Mozart and Beethoven more.^
B: Well, they seem too old fashioned for me.
               
268 6 3.2 White-collar Crime Should Be Punished? Crime by business people is a hot topic these days.
And it seems that many people would like to see more crooked businessmen behind the bars of a jail cell.
There may be good reasons to do so.
My favorite reason is that white-collar crime costs people -- shareholders, taxpayers, and others -- money.
Another sound argument for punishing these criminals is that corruption is undermining confidence.^
Still, I don't think that fraudsters deserve the same sorts of punishment as killers and robbers.
One reason is that their crimes are not violent.
So-called "white-collar" crime rarely involves guns or physical brutality.^
Another reason is that "white-collar" criminals usually return money to make up compensations for financial losses.
This is a sign of their regret for what they have done.
And this is a rule stipulated by law.
u06_2.5.mp3     What our society needs to see is more white-collar criminals being punished.^We will all be better off if white-collar criminals are punished.^I cannot see why white-collar criminals should be punished.^What's really the point in punishing white-collar criminals?        
269 6 3.3 Ending Corruption China has declared war on corruption with a focus on corrupt government officials.
Chinese top ranking officials have called on local authorities and government departments to step up certain anti-corruption measures to try to make officials at all levels behave honestly.
"Local authorities' efforts to combat corruption and bribery are key to the country's anti-corruption work this year," said a top ranking official at a national conference on building honest and clean government.
Cases of bribery and irregular transactions by companies that go against regulations should be brought before the courts.
The government has passed new laws and regulations, developed new accounting systems and implemented new checks and balances to reduce the incidence of corruption and bribery.
The government has also called for increased efforts from industry and commerce as well as private citizens to battle against corruption and to help bring corrupt practices to the attention of the judicial system.
Unless corruption can be checked, it could become a major threat to China's investment environment.
u06_3.3.mp3 Is it possible for China to end corruption? Will China be successful in ending bribery?   When considering the question of corruption in China, we must ask whether the actions taken will be successful in ending corruption. I am sure that it is possible to end corruption because I believe in the Chinese people. Though there are exceptions, and those exceptions are causing problems now, I believe that most people are good and honest. What's more, I believe that most Chinese people are brave. If asked by the government to watch out for and report corruption, most people will do so. They will report corruption wherever they see it. Then action will be taken against that corruption. Any plan that includes the Chinese people against corruption will work. I believe that ending corruption will be accomplished by China.        
270 6 4.1 Criminal Acts Hi my name is Farben. I'm from Germany. I want to talk about criminal acts.
Sadly, criminal acts are a part of our society, our modern society, especially in big cities.
You cannot look away. It's in your everyday life, It happens.
It is a bad thing but I think we have to deal with it.
We have to not just look away, we have to show courage.
When something happens, for example, in the metro or in someplace near to you,
you have to step up and you have to really do your own share against something like this,
against violence, against criminal acts.
But of course it's also a political problem.
We need a good policy to cope with all of this violence
and all the criminal acts that are committed in our societies today.
That means we have to have better education for young people
and we have to have more chances for people that maybe have no work, that are unemployed.
Because I think those kind of people are more likely to commit some crimes.
Of course there are some crimes that are not related to unemployment,
but I think for the majority of crimes this has to do something
with your social standard, with your social situation.^
Hi my name's Terry. I'm from Indiana in the United States
and I want to talk about criminal acts.
For me it comes down to two things: violent versus nonviolent crime.
Uh, nonviolent crime, you should be forced to give back to society, simple as that.
Uh, whether it's individuals you need to pay back,
you should do that as well and absolutely you need to pay back society.
You need to do some good in society.
To make up for doing what you did that was wrong.
But if it's nonviolent I don't think jail's a good place for anybody.
Violent crimes without a doubt need to be take,
those people need to be taken out of society and I'm not really opposed to death penalty either.
Cause I have a feeling of, you know I've got a little bit of revenge in my blood.
And I would like to see something like that happen sometimes.
But, uh, actually it just comes down to those two.
Violent crimes, put them in jail. Nonviolent, make them serve the public.^
Hi my name is Andrew and I come from Canada.
I'm going to talk to you a little bit about criminal acts.
Now it's always kind of viewed that,
uh, the most violent of criminal acts should be punished the most severely.
But I don't necessarily think that's right.
I mean, of course, violent acts should not be tolerated.
That's definitely not something we want to run rampant in our society.
But on the other hand I think that some white-collar crime, or corporate crime,
is actually more damaging than a violent act.
If, uh, some, a high ranking CEO in a company does things like,
uh, writes an insurance policy incorrectly or to make more money,
maybe several or hundreds or even thousands of workers will be affected by this
and they don't get their insurance money or they get lower benefits because,
uh, maybe one of these CEOs is siphoning money off somehow.
So I think this kind of crime affects more people and is actually even more serious than violent crime.^
Hello. I'm Desmond from Singapore, and I would like to talk about crime.
And Singapore is renowned for, like, being really tough on crime,
as we have the corporal punishment.
It's a very controversial law, and...
For example, many years ago that boy from America got caned,
um, for doing some graffitis, and it attracted a lot of criticism from all over the world.
I think that's a bit extreme, personally.
However, I do think, like, rapists and, like, serial murderers should be punished harshly,
and I don't think the punishment itself is the main point.
It's the fear of being punished harshly that prevents people from doing, like, hideous crimes.
I think especially, I think rapists, they really should be caned, you know, like, it's just not right.
              Farben.jpg^Terry.jpg^Andrew.jpg^Desmond.jpg
271 6 4.2       There are two kinds of crimes: violent and non-violent.^When people are unemployed, they are more likely to commit crimes.^The purpose of punishment is not punishment itself.^Violent crime is not necessarily the worst form of crimes.   2^1^4^3       Farben1.jpg^Terry1.jpg^Andrew1.jpg^Desmond1.jpg
272 6 4.3                    
273 6 5.1 "Anti-corruption Account" W: Recently quite a few government officials have been arrested for taking bribes.^
M: Yes, that's true. But did you hear that many others have a chance to save themselves?^
W: No. How?^
M: Well, from last year, cities, including Marseille, Nantes, Paris and Calais, have introduced a new system to combat corruption.
They opened a so-called "anti-corruption account".^
W: How does that work?^
M: It's for officials who have taken bribes.
They are able to anonymously deposit money equivalent to the amount of the bribe they accepted.
This has to be done within a given time, though.
Then they can get receipts that may give them immunity from certain type of prosecution.
The bribes can have been cash, presents or securities, anything worth more than 100 francs.^
W: Does that mean the officials' penalty may be reduced if they're found to have been involved in a bribery scandal?
Even if they are found out later?^
M: Yes. Getting the receipt will usually mean they stay out of trouble.^
W: I wonder how many officials have used this account.^
M: Actually, the "anti-corruption account" in Nantes alone received deposits that totaled more than 400,000 francs.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. What is this passage about?^
2. How are government officials able to save themselves?^
3. What can be inferred from the passage?^
4. What can we know from the passage?^
5. What has caused the account to grow to more than 400,000 francs?
u06_5.1.mp3     Q1: What is this passage about?
Ans: D
Q2: How are government officials able to save themselves?
Ans: C
Q3: What can be inferred from the passage?
Ans: B
Q4: What can we know from the passage?
Ans: A
Q5: What has caused the account to grow to more than 400,000 francs?
Ans: A
       
274 6 5.2 Corruption The International Olympic Committee awarded Salt Lake City the 2002 Winter Olympics by a big majority.
It seemed that its persistent determination had paid off.^
But because of a leak by a dissatisfied employee of the local organizing committee to a Salt Lake TV station, the Salt Lake City Olympic organizers are suspected of bribing the I.O.C. members.
It is the I.O.C. members who decide where the next Olympic will take place.
So far, four groups -- the I.O.C., the US Olympic Committee, the Justice Department and the Utah Ethics Committee have begun to investigate the mess.^
Some members of the local organizing committee do not intend to make excuses, but are expressing their regrets instead.
"Obviously, we did break the rules," says Ken Bullock, one of the organizers.
He points out that the pressure on a bidding city to be friendly and generous can be intense, and Salt Lake City was hardly the first to bribe the I.O.C.
"The I.O.C. allowed this to happen," says Bullock.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What is the passage about?^
2. Who told people of the bribing of I.O.C. members?^
3. What power does the I.O.C. have?^
4. What is the US Olympic Committee doing?^
5. What can be inferred from the passage?
u06_5.2.mp3     Q1: What is the passage about?
Ans: C
Q2: Who told people of the bribing of I.O.C. members?
Ans: B
Q3: What power does the I.O.C. have?
Ans: C
Q4: What is the US Olympic Committee doing?
Ans: A
Q5: What can be inferred from the passage?
Ans: D
       
275 6 5.3 Fight Against Corruption Ever since Philippine President Joseph Estrada was accused in October of accepting huge bribes, opposition pressure on him to resign has increased rapidly.
On November 13, the House of Representatives voted to impeach him and declared he would face trial in the Senate.^
The bribery scandal broke at a press conference on October 9.
At the press conference, Governor Luis Singapore of Ilocos Sur Province accused Estrada of illegally taking US$8 million in bribes from a gambling operation and getting US$2.7 million in tobacco taxes from that province.
The Philippine House of Representatives reacted quickly.
On October 18, 41 members put forward an act of impeachment against the President, listing many accusations of corruption, bribery, and using his office for personal gain.^
The House of Representatives formally started impeachment procedures on October 23.
Meanwhile, the opposition has pushed for him to resign.
On October 12, current vice-President Gloria M. Arroyo resigned as Secretary of Social Welfare and urged the president to resign.
Since then, the Sectary of Trade and Industry, the director-general of Grain Administration, and five economic advisers to the President have resigned.
And more than 40 members of the congress of Estrada's own party announced that they would withdraw from the party, including the chairmen of Senate and the House of Representatives, and the chairmen of the Judicial Committee and Economic Affairs Committee in the House of Representatives.
With such important members of the government and congress having transferred their allegiance, the opposition has been emboldened to organized large scale mass rallies to ask the President to step down.
u06_5.3.mp3     1) impeach
2) scandal
3) gambling
4) Representatives
5) accusations
6) procedures
7) opposition
8) resigned as Secretary of Social Welfare and urged the President to resign
9) five economic advisers to the President have resigned
10) the Judicial Committee and Economic Affairs Committee in the House of Representatives
       
276 6 5.4 Imitate the Speaker A man may usually be known by the books he reads as well as the company he keeps; for there is a companionship of books as well as of men; and one should always live in the best company, whether it be of books or of men.^
A good book may be among the best of friends.
It is the same today that it always was, and it will never change.
It is the most patient and cheerful of companions.
It does not turn its back upon us in times of adversity or distress.
It always receives us with the same kindness.^^
From "Companionship of Books" by Samuel Smiles
u06_5.4.mp3              
281 7 1.1 The Role of Genes What explains the differences between one population group and another or even one person and another?
At least, in part, the answer is in our genes.
Groups vary in body size, skin color, and many other traits.
But are some groups better than others?
Well, if we are asking if one group of people is intellectually, morally, or spiritually superior to another, the answer is no.
Population groups are similar in important categories, and there is no justification in the assumption that one group is better than another because of genetics.
In the following special report, we will discuss what could be meant by "better" and answer questions about the role of genes and the spread of human beings throughout the world.
Are genes more important than good parenting in child development?
How closely related are the people of the world to the first people, who sprung up in Africa?
This and more, coming now.
u07_1.mp3 Genetics is only partly responsible for differences between people.^Some individuals are intellectually superior to others.^The role of quality parenting is addressed in the coming special.           T^F^NG
282 7 1.2 The Role of Genes What explains the differences between one population group and another or even one person and another?
At least, in part, the answer is in our genes.
Groups vary in body size, skin color, and many other traits.
But are some groups better than others?
Well, if we are asking if one group of people is intellectually, morally, or spiritually superior to another, the answer is no.
Population groups are similar in important categories, and there is no justification in the assumption that one group is better than another because of genetics.
In the following special report, we will discuss what could be meant by "better" and answer questions about the role of genes and the spread of human beings throughout the world.
Are genes more important than good parenting in child development?
How closely related are the people of the world to the first people, who sprung up in Africa?
This and more, coming now.
u07_1.mp3 Do you support genetic engineering? Do you think it's against nature? Give your reasons.
Do you want to have a new you through cloning someday? Give your reasons.
           
283 7 2.1 Genetics or Environment? W: I remember back to my high school days.
The surprising thing was, the top math students were all Asians.^
M: Oh, so you probably think Asians are naturally good at maths? Rethink this.
What you saw has more to do with how they were raised than with their genes.^
Q: What does the man think?
u07_2.1_1.mp3     A) Asians are naturally good at math. B) Genetics isn't most important to math skills. C) Asians are raised with good genes. D) It is natural for Asians to be good at math. B
284 7 2.1   M: No matter how much help Africans are given, they continue to do poorly in the world.^
W: I can't believe I'm hearing you say this.
What are you, some sort of racist who thinks that some groups of people are genetically superior to others?^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u07_2.1_2.mp3     A) The woman is a racist. B) The woman believes in genetic superiority. C) The woman thinks racism is bad. D) The woman is genetically superior. C
285 7 2.1   W: For a long time, people thought that native Australians were closely related to Africans rather than Southeast Asians.^
M: What? Is this because their skin is black?
What does the genetic evidence tell us?^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u07_2.1_3.mp3     A) The ancestry of native Australians. B) The story of genetics. C) People with black skin. D) Evidence shown by genetics. A
286 7 2.1   M: So, did you get the blood samples so we could do our research?
I'd like to begin our genetic testing immediately.^
W: I'm afraid we've hit a bump.
The people we're testing have religious concerns about the work we're doing, and I couldn't get the samples.^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u07_2.1_4.mp3     A) Their genetic research. B) Religious concerns about research. C) Results of genetic testing. D) People being tested. A
287 7 2.1   W: Look at the calculations, and note the similarities between the two warring groups.
Um, yes. Do you have a question?^
M: No, I... I just find it strange that two groups that share so much in common genetically can be at war with each other.^
Q: What does the man find strange?
u07_2.1_5.mp3     A) People can be at war with each other. B) The calculations show genetic similarities. C) Peoples share so much in common genetically. D) Similar peoples fight against each other. D
288 7 2.1   M: Parents worry so much about raising their children well.
But actually, a child's success has more to do with his genetics.
There's not much a parent can do.^
W: Bah! Scientists and researchers may be saying that now, but they'll be saying the opposite soon.
They always change their opinions.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u07_2.1_6.mp3     A) The speakers are scientists and researchers. B) The speakers are raising their children right. C) The speakers don't agree about the role of genetics. D) The speakers don't think success has more to do with genetics. C
289 7 2.1   W: I'm amazed at how intelligent your daughter is.
You must be very proud of her.^
M: I sure am. Molly seems to have outstanding natural gifts and she has taken advantage of them by working really hard.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u07_2.1_7.mp3     A) The man has worked very hard to help his daughter. B) The man thinks Molly's success is based on both genetics and effort. C) The woman is proud of her outstanding natural gifts. D) The woman has taken advantage of others who have worked really hard. B
290 7 2.1   M: You really think that some people are better than others, based on genes?^
W: In a way, I suppose so.
It seems clear to me that the genetic traits of some groups make them more successful in certain environments.^
Q: What does the woman believe?
u07_2.1_8.mp3     A) She is more successful than others, based on genetics. B) She is better than others, based on genetics. C) The genetic traits held by some groups are clear. D) Some people are more suited to a place than others. D
291 7 2.1   W: I think the hospital should've given us a book on how to be good parents.
That should've been the first thing they handed us after our baby was born.^
M: Don't worry. We'll work together, and I think we'll be fine raising this little guy.^
Q: What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
u07_2.1_9.mp3     A) Husband and wife. B) Mother and son. C) Father and daughter. D) Brother and sister. A
292 7 2.1   W: Despite the evidence on the board in front of you, the age-old question as to what is more important, genes (nature) or environment (nurture), continues.^
M: Doctor? Um, I'm sorry. Many of us in the back of the room can't see what you've written on the board.^
Q: Where is the conversation probably taking place?
u07_2.1_10.mp3     A) A hospital. B) A classroom. C) A boardroom. D) A genetics laboratory. B
293 7 2.2 Different Peoples W: The world is filled with peoples of different heights, skin colors, tones, and so on.
These differences make the world a more interesting place.
And... um, yes, Reggie, do you have a question?^
M: Yes, thank you. Why are peoples different from one another?^
W: In simple terms, the differences are related to the environment.
For example, a trait, such as increased body mass, might appear in a population.
Maybe a few individuals will acquire genes that program for increased body mass.
If this trait makes them more successful in the environment, they will pass on their trait genes more often.
Those children with the trait will pass it down to more children, and so on.^
M: So in Asia, where people have light skin, light skin color makes a person more successful in the environment?
And in Africa, where people are black, black skin makes people more successful?^
W: Yes, you have the basic idea. However, note that some people of Asia are extremely dark and that some people of Africa are extremely light.^
M: My father says that he doesn't trust dark-skinned people.
Are some races naturally more honest than others?^
W: Absolutely not! Beyond the superficial differences of various races, people are remarkably similar.
u07_2.2.mp3 1. What are the speakers talking about? u07_2.2q1.mp3 A) Peoples of Africa and Asia. B) The different environments. C) Dark-skinned peoples. D) Differences between populations. D
294 7 2.2       2. What might cause a person to have higher body mass than others? u07_2.2q2.mp3 A) The person's genes. B) The environment. C) Living in Africa. D) Living in Asia. A
295 7 2.2       3. What can be inferred from the conversation? u07_2.2q3.mp3 A) The father is remarkably similar to his son. B) The father is naturally more honest. C) The father is wrong in his beliefs. D) The father is a dark-skinned person. C
296 7 2.2       4. What do we know from the conversation? u07_2.2q4.mp3 A) The woman believes that the people of Africa are very light. B) The woman believes that the people of Asia are very dark. C) The woman doesn't think genes make one group better than another. D) The woman doesn't think genes make one person more successful. C
297 7 2.2       5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? u07_2.2q5.mp3 A) Doctor and patient. B) Teacher and student. C) Father and daughter. D) Mother and son. B
298 7 2.3 Genetic Technologies Limited Genetic Technologies Limited, also called GTG, is a biotechnology company, pursuing commercial opportunities in three main areas of activity:
out-licensing its non-coding patents globally, expanding its genetic service-testing business in the Asia-Pacific Region,
and supporting certain research projects in which the Company is already involved.
On June 30, 2005, its subsidiaries included the wholly owned GeneType Pty. Ltd., the wholly owned Simons GeneType Diagnostics Pty. Ltd.,
the wholly owned GeneType AG, the wholly owned GeneType Corporation, the 75.8%-owned Gtech International Resources Limited,
the 65%-owned ImmunAid Pty. Ltd., the wholly owned Silbase Scientific Services Pty. Ltd.,
the wholly owned Genetic Technologies Corporation Pty. Ltd., and the 50.1%-owned AgGenomics Pty. Ltd.
GTG has operations in Australia, Canada, and Switzerland.^
For the fiscal year ended on June 30, 2005, Genetic Technologies Limited revenues totaled $7.2M, up from 2.6M.
Net losses rose by 19% to $5.7M. Revenues reflect increased sales in biotechnology segment, higher income from service testing and increased returns from licenses.
Higher loss reflects increased service testing expenses, higher research & development expenses, an increase in patent & license fees and higher general & administrative expenses.
u07_2.3.mp3 1. What is the passage about? u07_2.3q1.mp3 A) Genetic services. B) Genetic technologies. C) A biotechnology company. D) GTG's subsidiaries. C
299 7 2.3       2. What do we know from the passage? u07_2.3q2.mp3 A) Genetic service is expanding only in the Asia-Pacific region. B) Genetic technologies are limited in what they can do. C) GTG has interests in multiple countries around the world. D) GTG gets involved by supporting the research of other companies. C
300 7 2.3       3. How much of Gtech International Resources Limited does GTG own? u07_2.3q3.mp3 A) 100%. B) 50.1%. C) 65%. D) 75.8%. D
301 7 2.3       4. What was the amount of profit in 2005? u07_2.3q4.mp3 A) $5.7M. B) $1.5M. C) $2.6M. D) $7.2M. B
302 7 2.3       5. What, in part, led to higher loss? u07_2.3q5.mp3 A) Increased numbers of testing. B) Raised costs for research. C) Increased amounts of patients. D) Higher incomes for researchers. B
303 7 2.4 When Did Life Begin? It's an age-old question -- when did life begin?^
A new CBS news poll shows most Americans wouldn't peer into the universe for their answer.
They would open their Bible.
Fifty-one percent believe that God created humans in our present form and forty-eight percent of those polled believe God created humans within the last 10,000 years, even though scientific tests on skull fragments found in Ethiopia indicate humans were walking the earth nearly 200,000 years ago.^
The poll results underscore a long-running divide in America over evolution, science and God's role, creationism.
The US Supreme Court has barred the teaching of creationism in public schools, but now there is a new challenge, called "Intelligent Design" which suggests a creator has an active hand at the development of species.
Steven Mayor is an advocate of Intelligent Design.^
And what we have found in the study of biology is, number one there are such purposeful messages inscribed in DNA.
And secondly, the attempts to explain the origin of that information by reference to purely physical chemical undirected processes has utterly failed over quite a number of decades.^
Dover Pennsylvania school officials are on trial right now in federal court sued by parents who don't want Intelligent Design in the curriculum.
Critics, even some theologians say Intelligent Design is creationism by another name.^
Intelligent Design, to put it very simply is, to me, a modern reformulation of an old theological argument for the existence of God.^
The Dover Pennsylvania school trial is expected to end early next month.
Whatever the outcome, some legal observers believe it has a potential to reach the US Supreme Court at a time of growing political influence for conservative Christians. John?
u07_2.4.mp3 1. A poll, conducted by a news service, shows opinion about the universe's origin.
2. The Bible, for many people, _________ .
3. A scientific test _________ .
4. A biological study _________ .
5. A group of school officials _________ .
6. A theological argument _________ .
  shows the outcome to Christians^shows the existence of a man thousands of years ago^shows a court opinion against Intelligent Design^shows how they have failed^shows God's existence^shows God's part in creating the universe^shows messages inscribed in DNA       shows God's part in creating the universe^shows the existence of a man thousands of years ago^shows messages inscribed in DNA^shows a court opinion against Intelligent Design^shows God's existence
304 7 2.5 People Are Equal Are some people better than other people?
This is something I'd like to talk about.^
There are people who'd like to believe that some groups are better than others.
However, such ideas are misguided, as they are not based on truth.
I think populations are the same and one group is not better than another.
First, groups are similar biologically.
We all have the same basic features, but only differ in very superficial ways, like skin color.
Also, each group has a culture that has evolved and supported its people, sometimes for thousands of years.
And related to this is that each one of these cultures, and each one of these peoples, is unique and, therefore, special.
Each provides color to the world and makes the world a more interesting place.^
Truly, one group -- no matter what that group is -- can not be better than any other group.
If we accept this premise, then we should accept one another as equals.
u07_2.5.mp3 1^1^1   0^0^0   Reasons why people are equal   Groups are similar biologically.^Groups all have valuable cultures.^Each group provides something unique.
305 7 2.6 When I Was Young When I was young, it seemed that life was so wonderful^
A miracle, oh it was beautiful, magical^
And all the birds in the trees, they'd be singing so happily^
Joyfully, oh playfully watching me^
But then they send me away to teach me how to be sensible^
Logical, oh responsible, practical^
And then they showed me a world where I could be so dependable^
Clinical, oh intellectual, cynical^^
There are times when all the world's asleep^
The questions run too deep^
For such a simple man^
Won't you please, please tell me what we've learned^
I know it sounds absurd^
Please tell me who I am^^
I said, now watch what you say or they'll be calling you a radical^
Liberal, oh fanatical, criminal^
Won't you sign up your name, we'd like to feel you're^
Acceptable, respectable, oh presentable, a vegetable^^
At night, when all the world's asleep^
The questions run so deep^
For such a simple man^
Won't you please, please tell me what we've learned^
I know it sounds absurd^
But please tell me who I am, who I am, who I am, who I am
u07_2.6.mp3              
306 7 3.1 Generalization A: What do you think of my paper, Professor Chen?^
B: On the whole, I think it is pretty good.^
A: Is there anything you think I can improve?^
B: You need to support your argument with more data.
               
307 7 3.1   A: Do you believe some people are born wiser than others?^
B: Not exactly. I am of the opinion that to some extent wisdom can be taught.^
A: You mean education could make people wiser?^
B: Yes. Education not only makes people wiser but also more open-minded.
               
308 7 3.1   A: Hello, this is Eric. Is Bob in?^
B: Hi, Eric. Bob's gone to the office.^
A: To the office? But today's Saturday.^
B: I'm wondering about that, too.
Usually he doesn't go to the office on Saturdays.
               
309 7 3.1 Conclusion A: How are the negotiations going?^
B: Very well. The two sides have agreed that the contract will be signed tomorrow.^
A: Congratulations! Let's have a cup of coffee.
You've worked hard enough.^
B: That's a good idea.
               
310 7 3.1   A: How time flies! The one-month training has come to an end.
How do you feel about it?^
B: I've learned a lot from the lectures as well as the workshops.
I've met many old friends and made a dozen new friends.
In a word, I've had an excellent time here. Thanks a lot.^
A: You're welcome.
We really hope our training can help you do your work better.^
B: I am not flattering you, but this training program is really effective.
               
311 7 3.1   A: Have you drawn any conclusions from the experiment?^
B: Not yet. It's too early to say anything for sure.^
A: Will you open the experiment results to the public soon?^
B: Well, that depends.
I will open the results as soon as I can prove that it is not coincidental.
               
312 7 3.2 People Are Equal Are some people better than other people?
This is something I'd like to talk about.^
There are people who'd like to believe that some groups are better than others.
However, such ideas are misguided, as they are not based on truth.
I think populations are the same and one group is not better than another.
First, groups are similar biologically.
We all have the same basic features, but only differ in very superficial ways, like skin color.
Also, each group has a culture that has evolved and supported its people, sometimes for thousands of years.
And related to this is that each one of these cultures, and each one of these peoples, is unique and, therefore, special.
Each provides color to the world and makes the world a more interesting place.^
Truly, one group -- no matter what that group is -- can not be better than any other group.
If we accept this premise, then we should accept one another as equals.
u07_2.5.mp3     The speaker believes that populations are equal.^People shouldn't say that some groups are better than others.        
313 7 3.3 Geniuses: Born or Made? Are genius born or made?
First, there are people like Albert Einstein, the physicist whose new ideas made him one of the most famous people in history.
Most people would say that his genius was a natural gift granted by his superior genes.
Other physicists and mathematicians have similar stories.
Their abilities are beyond most of us.
However, many geniuses are of a different sort.
Charles Darwin was a poor student.
What he had in his favor, however, was experience and an open and creative mind.
On his adventures, he saw things that most other people didn't.
He was creative enough to put these ideas together so as to create an idea for how animals change over time.
Most of all, he was able to accept ideas with an open mind.
Most of Darwin's abilities are within our reach.
His example shows us that we can all become geniuses.
u07_3.3.mp3 Are geniuses made or born? How important is a person's genetic make-up to his genius?   The importance of genetics is often discussed and debated over. If we look at geniuses throughout history, we will see many people who put forth great effort in learning. This would lead me to believe that education, not genetics, is key to being a genius. What is more, we should recognize that there are various types of geniuses. Some geniuses have gained recognition in intellectual fields, like physics or mathematics. Albert Einstein is an example of this. Intellectual geniuses are perhaps assisted by good genetics. After all, we can be sure that few of us ever had the chance to become Einstein, even if we had studied all day every day. Still, this is only one type of genius, and there are others. Some people are known as geniuses because of their creativity or their willingness to accept and adapt to new information. Musical geniuses are of this type, as are many scientific geniuses. Charles Darwin wasn't smarter than the people who disagreed with him, but he was a genius and they were not because he was more accepting of new ideas and more creative in putting them together. This seems to be within the ability of each of us. This ability is not then determined by genetics. Something else of this sort is the ability to communicate. A brilliant speaker is a genius who can clearly be made. His skills, the way he speaks to people, the manner in which he stands, and the method he uses for controlling his voice, are teachable and within the ability of most people. We can all study and practice public speaking. After some practice, and if we are given beautiful words to speak, we can become brilliant communicators. Upon hearing our words, people will think we are geniuses. This is not because our genetics were better than others, but because we learned the methods taken by successful people in the past. So genius is not necessarily something a person is born with.        
314 7 4.1 Genetic Engineering: Good or Bad Hi I'm Sebastian from Germany.
Uh, cloning is a very, well, serious, very intricate matter. And,
um, when you clone you really have to, of course, consider both sides.
One, on one hand, the medical advancements that you can achieve and,
um, the amount of help you can offer the world.
But on the other side, you always have the moral code and
this idea that cloning is just wrong because it's against nature, basically,
because, you know, nature is, you, life is created and it's taken away again.
That's just, that's the flow, that's just how it is.
But then if you think about it, man has made a great impact on nature.
I mean we've caused several species of animals to become extinct and
you can consider cloning, in this sense to be, maybe,
a way for humans to get back at it and sort of to make up for what they've caused
and to prevent other species from being extinct by cloning.^
Hello, my name is Betsy and I'm from Hong Kong.
Today I'm going to talk about my attitude towards genetic engineering.
I think genetic engineering is, uh, good and necessary technology for our future,
but I think it should be controlled, um, because I think,
uh, especially in Asian cultures and Hong Kong, when there's something like that that's very controversial,
if you, um, make it available right away and, um it us... It's usuallay very easily abused.
So I think, um, especially, you know, you see the copyrights problem is still very serious in Asia,
um, generally it takes people more time to really develop good attitude and usage for,
um, technology like this.
Therefore I think I agree with it but it should be controlled.^
Hi, my name's Terry. I'm from Indiana, in the United States.
And I'm talking about the truth about genes.
And I want to refer strictly to a movie called The Island.
Uh, that's what this story was about.
People were cloning themselves so if they needed,
uh, internal organ transplants they would have exact matches.
But they were creating humans who were developing ideas and desires.
So the hero of the story escaped and led all the other clones out into the real world.
At the end of the movie, there they were, ready to embark on the rest of the world.
What's going to be done?
That was the question it was posing and I don't think anybody's got an answer to that.
I think instead of trying to find replacements for ourselves
we should spend more time and energy just becoming the best humans that we already are.^
Hi my name is Andrew and I come from Canada.
And I'm going to talk to you a little bit, now, about genes or maybe genetically modified food.
Now this is something that a lot of people are worried about.
Uh... if we use this technology to change the fundamental components of our food,
does this mean that we're going to have some kind of, uh, bad health effects later on in the future.
I'm not sure, I'm not an expert in this field.
All I have to say is that all of these foods have to be tested very thoroughly before they are put on the market.
Uh, The benefits are quite vast, I mean, the food last longer, it's easier to grow,
it stands up better to insects and these kind of things.
So, there a lot of good things that come from genetically modified foods.
Uh, I'd have to say I support the use of genetically modified food in general practice
because I think it's easier to feed many people.
              Sebastian.jpg^Betsy.jpg^Terry.jpg^Andrew07.jpg
315 7 4.2       Sebastian: One reasonable use of cloning is to clone the animals that have become extinct.
Betsy: If not properly regulated, the technology of genetic engineering may be abused.
Terry: At the end of the movie, the cloned humans took control of the world.
Andrew: Andrew is against genetically modified food because such food is unsafe to eat.
  T
T
F
F
      Sebastian1.jpg^Betsy1.jpg^Terry1.jpg^Andrew071.jpg
316 7 4.3                    
317 7 5.1 The Truth About Genes W: Everybody is talking about genes today, but do genes determine everything about us?^
M: Genes and the environment work together to shape who we are.
As the environment includes everything we experience and come into contact with from birth to death, it also plays an extremely complex role.^
W: What is a gene, then?^
M: Even scientists disagree on how to define a gene exactly.
Generally, a gene is a sequence of DNA that tells us what a single protein does.
Proteins do the work of the body, building structures and stimulating biochemical reactions.^
W: How genetically similar are we to one another?^
M: Individual humans are extremely similar to each other.
They share 99.9 percent of their DNA, no matter which race they belong to.^
W: How genetically similar are we to other species?^
M: Scientists have been amazed at how genetically similar humans are to other species.
Humans share between 79 and 80 percent of their genes with mice, and about 99 percent of their DNA with chimpanzees.
That means that chimpanzees are more closely related to humans than to other animals, such as monkeys, whales, or cats.^
W: Will this lead to a cure for cancer and other serious diseases?^
M: Of course! Virtually every disease has some genetic cause.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. What are the speakers talking about?^
2. What can be inferred from the conversation?^
3. What is a gene?^
4. What percentage of genes do all human races share?^
5. Which animal are chimps most closely related to?
u07_5.1.mp3     Q1: What are the speakers talking about?
Ans: D
Q2: What can be inferred from the conversation?
Ans: D
Q3: What is a gene?
Ans: A
Q4: What percentage of genes do all human races share?
Ans: B
Q5: Which animal are chimps most closely related to?
Ans: B
       
318 7 5.2 Genes and Medical Care Researchers announced on Monday that they had completed the human genetic map -- the genome, which will help transform medical care in the 21st century.^
It will mean diseases can be diagnosed and treated earlier and medicines can be targeted more accurately.
In the future, scientists will be able to identify the faulty genes and replace them.
People will see new medicines and new treatments of various kinds, but nobody should look for that to happen very fast.
"To actually correct genes that aren't working well will be hard but it will happen bit by bit over the next decades," said Dr. John Sulston, the leading British researcher.^
Aware of the huge financial benefits, biotechnology companies have been rushing to set up laboratories and start new research projects.
They hope to transform the new genetic findings into practical uses in the field of medicine.^
But critics also warn that the information could be used by insurance companies and employers to discriminate against those people who may have a tendency to catch certain diseases.
Disabled people fear the information will be used to create perfect people and some scientists even claim the benefits of the achievement will only be enjoyed by people living in wealthy countries.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What is the passage about?^
2. What can be inferred from the passage?^
3. Who is aware of the huge financial benefits?^
4. What are critics afraid of?^
5. Who will enjoy the benefits of genetic discoveries?
u07_5.2.mp3     Q1: What is the passage about?
Ans: A
Q2: What can be inferred from the passage?
Ans: C
Q3: Who is aware of the huge financial benefits?
Ans: B
Q4: What are critics afraid of?
Ans: A
Q5: Who will enjoy the benefits of genetic discoveries?
Ans: D
       
319 7 5.3 Looking for Better Genes At present, it is believed that genes account for at least half of our general thinking ability.
Looking for better genes for their children has become the major concern of many would-be parents.
They hope they can have a choice of the baby's sex, its likely height, weight, hair, eye color, and intelligence.^
Four months ago, an unnamed couple placed "wanted" advertisements in several students' newspapers run by high-fee, famous colleges where they might be able to find the genes they wanted for their children.^
"Intelligent, athletic egg-donor needed for loving family," their advertisement read.
"You must be at least 178 centimeters, strongly built, and possess no major family medical issues."
And the reward? It was $50,000.^
The couple has disclosed that 300 women responded.
And more than a hundred reached the stage of consideration: 20 from Yale, 30 from Harvard, 40 from Princeton, and 15 from Stanford.^
What drew most attention was not the courage of the couple who advertised in these famous college newspapers, and not the principle of "eggs for sale", but the sum American egg donors expect to be paid.
Until then, the going rate was about $3,000 to $5,000, plus all the costs of medical treatment and insurance.
Their action raised "high-quality" donor eggs into a different price bracket, as high as $50,000.
This amount would meet almost half the cost of fees for the student's four-year college course.
And it is a good deal more than the average American's annual wage.
u07_5.3.mp3     1) would-be
2) intelligence
3) genes
4) athletic
5) medical
6) disclosed
7) consideration
8) the sum American egg donors expect to be paid
9) plus all the costs of medical treatment and insurance
10) almost half the cost of fees for the student's four-year college course
       
320 7 5.4 Imitate the Speaker Youth is not a time of life; it is a state of mind; it is not a matter of rosy cheeks, red lips, and supple knees; it is a matter of the will, a quality of the imagination, a vigor of the emotions; it is the freshness of the deep springs of life.
Years may wrinkle the skin, but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles the soul.^^
From "Youth" by Samuel Ullman
u07_5.4.mp3              
326 8 1.1 I Had to Work Harder I am not going to quit. Never! I want to be clear on this point.
Though I face discrimination as a minority, I will never give in to pressure to stop trying my best to succeed.
Many people don't want to give me a chance because I'm black.
Many others don't think I'm strong, just because I'm a woman.
And still others want to push me out of the workforce because I'm over 60 years old.
All my life, I've had to work harder than others to prove myself as capable to do quality work.
And through perseverance, I showed I was capable.
I rose to the highest levels of my profession.
But it wasn't easy, at least not as easy as it would have been if I had been a man or a member of the majority race.
I'm very proud of my accomplishments, and I hope to teach others to follow in my footsteps.
u08_1.mp3 1. The speaker wants to let it be clearly known that she is not ____________________ .
2. Because the speaker is discriminated against, she must ____________________ .
3. Men and members of the ____________________ have an easier time succeeding.
          going to quit^work harder^majority race
327 8 1.2 I Had to Work Harder I am not going to quit. Never! I want to be clear on this point.
Though I face discrimination as a minority, I will never give in to pressure to stop trying my best to succeed.
Many people don't want to give me a chance because I'm black.
Many others don't think I'm strong, just because I'm a woman.
And still others want to push me out of the workforce because I'm over 60 years old.
All my life, I've had to work harder than others to prove myself as capable to do quality work.
And through perseverance, I showed I was capable.
I rose to the highest levels of my profession.
But it wasn't easy, at least not as easy as it would have been if I had been a man or a member of the majority race.
I'm very proud of my accomplishments, and I hope to teach others to follow in my footsteps.
u08_1.mp3 Have you ever been treated unfairly? Describe it.
When you are discriminated, what will you do to deal with this situation?
           
328 8 2.1 Inequality in Society W: Yes, the American Civil War ended slavery in the US.
However, problems still exist there for black people.^
M: Yeah, true. Still, there have been a lot of advances which have improved their situation.^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u08_2.1_1.mp3     A) Slavery in the United States. B) The American Civil War. C) The condition of blacks in the US. D) Problems in the US. C
329 8 2.1   M: Besides music and religion, what has been the cultural impact of our people?^
W: Well, let's see.
Black people have contributed mightily to the arts, especially literature.
Oh, and we've made ourselves known in politics too.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u08_2.1_2.mp3     A) The speakers are black people. B) The speakers are in politics. C) The speakers have contributed to the arts. D) The speakers have made themselves known. A
330 8 2.1   W: I've read about towns that are exclusively black, where life is extremely difficult.
Do these really exist in the US?^
M: No, not really, not anymore.
Yeah, there were places like that, especially after the Civil War.
But now society is more or less integrated.^
Q: What do we know from the conversation?
u08_2.1_3.mp3     A) Blacks and whites mostly live together. B) Societies are trying to be integrated. C) Societies are actually less integrated than before. D) The Civil War ended towns that were exclusively black. A
331 8 2.1   M: So, how is the job hunt coming along, Ma?
Got any hot leads on anything?^
W: Nah. No one wants to hire an old woman like me.
I don't know why I bother trying to look for anything anymore. It's no use.^
Q: Why does the woman think it's no use?
u08_2.1_4.mp3     A) Because she is too old to work anymore. B) Because people won't give her a job. C) Because old people won't hire her. D) Because her job hunt is a bother. B
332 8 2.1   W: Before I started meeting white people, I didn't know that I was black.^
M: Yes, that's understandable.
We understand ourselves in relationship to other people.
With no one around to tell me what color I am, I wouldn't know that I'm any different from you.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u08_2.1_5.mp3     A) The speakers don't know they are black. B) The speakers have just started meeting white people. C) The man is not a black person. D) The man has no one around to tell him he's different. C
333 8 2.1   M: The road to the top was difficult for me, in a wheelchair, but I'm finally here. I've made it.^
W: Congratulations! We're all very proud of you.
You've worked very hard to get where you are and, well, I think it's just great.^
Q: How did the man get to where he is?
u08_2.1_6.mp3     A) The woman pushed him. B) He is very proud. C) He was in a wheelchair. D) He put forth a strong effort. D
334 8 2.1   W: New numbers show that racism and discrimination against racial minorities is down.^
M: That's all fine and good, but I think people overlook discrimination against old people.
Every single day, I worry about losing my job to a younger person.^
Q: What does the man worry about?
u08_2.1_7.mp3     A) Overlooking discrimination. B) Racism and discrimination. C) Old people who discriminate. D) A young person replacing him. D
335 8 2.1   M: Look at all these creams in your bathroom. Why?
Do you expect these products to make you look young?^
W: Don't ridicule me for that!
Being young in this society is very important, you know.
And, yeah, sure I'd like to look younger.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u08_2.1_8.mp3     A) The woman expects to look young. B) The woman likes young people. C) The woman holds an important position. D) The woman is confident of her looks. A
336 8 2.1   M: Could you please shut the door on the way out? This is a private meeting.
You're free to go home.^
W: You want me to leave the office? Why?
Is it because I'm a woman?
I'll have you know it's illegal to discriminate on the basis of sex.^
Q: Where is the conversation probably taking place?
u08_2.1_9.mp3     A) In a private restroom. B) In a courtroom. C) In an office. D) At home. C
337 8 2.1   W: I thought you might not hire me because I'm black.
I'm glad that's not what happened.^
M: I'm sure you've had bad experiences, maybe at school or maybe in your hometown.
But I think you'll find that we are not racists in this company.^
Q: What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
u08_2.1_10.mp3     A) Teacher and student. B) Employer and employee. C) Father and daughter. D) Mother and son. B
338 8 2.2 A Female Manager M: Excuse me, miss? Your manager was supposed to meet me here at six.
Could you give me his home number so I can find out what's happened?^
W: Miss?^
M: Oh, I'm sorry. I didn't mean to offend.
Could you please give me his phone number?^
W: I'm the manager here.^
M: I, um, I...^
W: A female manager -- not what you expected?^
M: Before coming here, I was briefed about Asian cultures.
I was under the impression that women in this country were mostly in the background, taking care of the home and the family.
I'm sorry, I didn't expect a woman to hold the highest position in the company.
Well, maybe in England or the US, but not here.^
W: Honestly, female managers might not be as common as male, and it's more difficult for us, but you're from the U.K., right?
I understand women have trouble getting top jobs -- reach a glass ceiling -- in your country as well, don't they?
u08_2.2.mp3 1. What misunderstanding occurs at the start of the conversation? u08_2.2q1.mp3 A) The woman manages to offend the man. B) The woman thinks the man was supposed to meet her at six. C) The man thinks that the woman is the manager. D) The man mistakes the identity of the woman. D
339 8 2.2       2. What surprises the man? u08_2.2q2.mp3 A) The woman is the manager. B) Women are in the background. C) Asian women take care of the family. D) The manager needs a wake-up call. A
340 8 2.2       3. What can be inferred from the conversation? u08_2.2q3.mp3 A) The speakers are in an Asian country. B) The speakers are from the UK and the US. C) Women don't have a high position in the family. D) Women don't expect to hold the highest positions. A
341 8 2.2       4. What does the woman think? u08_2.2q4.mp3 A) The man's position isn't better than hers. B) The man's culture isn't superior to hers. C) Honesty is not common among men. D) Women are as common as men. B
342 8 2.2       5. Where is the conversation probably taking place? u08_2.2q5.mp3 A) In an office. B) At home. C) In the UK. D) In the US. A
343 8 2.3 The History of Slavery There is a lot of injustice in the world, inequalities of many different sorts.
And the most extreme form of injustice is slavery.
Beginning in the 16th century, a public and "racially" based type of slavery was established when Europeans began importing slaves from Africa to the New World.
An estimated 11 million people were taken from Africa during the transatlantic slave trade.
By the mid-19th century the slave population in the US had risen to more than four million, although slave imports had been banned from 1809.
Following the rise in public outcry, Britain outlawed slavery in its colonies in 1833, and France did the same in 1848.
During the American Civil War, slavery was abolished in the Confederacy by the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, which was decreed by President Abraham Lincoln.
Brazil was the last country to abolish slavery, doing so in 1888.
Official policy notwithstanding, slavery continues to exist in many parts of the world.
Many contemporary slaves are women and children forced into prostitution or working at hard labor or in sweatshops.
Debt bondage is common, affecting millions of people, and slaves are still often traded for material goods.
u08_2.3.mp3 1. What is the passage about? u08_2.3q1.mp3 A) Extreme forms of injustice. B) Slavery in Europe. C) Inequalities around the world. D) The history of slavery. D
344 8 2.3       2. How many Africans were taken in the transatlantic slave trade? u08_2.3q2.mp3 A) 11 million. B) 4 million. C) 19 million. D) 16 million. A
345 8 2.3       3. When was the importation of slaves banned in the US? u08_2.3q3.mp3 A) In 1833. B) In 1809. C) In 1848. D) In 1863. B
346 8 2.3       4. What was the last country to outlaw slavery? u08_2.3q4.mp3 A) The US. B) Brazil. C) Britain. D) France. B
347 8 2.3       5. What can be inferred from the passage? u08_2.3q5.mp3 A) Slavery today goes on without government approval. B) Slaves often trade their material goods. C) Debt bondage is uncommon. D) Millions of people do hard labor in sweatshops. A
348 8 2.4 Billionaires Luisa Kroll and Allison Fass led a team of 30 Forbes reporters who ranked the world's wealthiest for this week's billionaire's issue.^
"A billion just isn't what it used to be.
There are now 793 billionaires.
Three years ago, there were only 476."^
For the 12th straight year, Microsoft founder Bill Gates is the world's richest man with 50 billion dollars.
Investor Warren Buffet trails in second with a meager of 42 billion.
"I think for a cover we have..."
Newcomers include cover boy Kelvin Heir, a Canadian, who has built up a billion dollar online gambling empire.
And KP Singh, who owns the real estate under many Indian companies that are outsourcing centers.
India now has 23 billionaires.^
Almost half of the world's billionaires are right here in the US.
371 to be exact, and between them, locked in the bank vaults, are assets worth well over a trillion dollars."^
Martha Stewart fell off the list this year, but Donald Trump is still on it; he is No. 278.
"Is it easier to make a billion dollars now? There are more billionaires."
"I think it is probably easier now than ever before, yeah."
"And why is that?"
"Because there are more ways to do it."^
"So I thought I would try to design something better..."^
British vacuum inventor James Dyson has literally sucked up his fortune.
India's Tulsi Tanti made his out of thin air, by building Asia's largest wind farm.
"It's good to be on the list."^
Billionaire Ronald Lauder, heir to his mother's Estee Lauder's cosmetics fortune, and founder of New York's Neue gallery, says even for him, looking at the list can get depressing.
"Why?"
"Because some people in their 30s are worth at least 10 billion dollars and..."
The world's youngest billionaire is now Hind Hariri, daughter of slain Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.
She is only 22.
Around the world, Luisa Kroll says, the biggest fortunes aren't growing as fast.
"So, we are not going to have a trillionaire any time soon?"
"No, I don't think so. I mean I don't even think we are going to have a hundred billionaire any time soon."
"49 countries are now home to at least one billionaire.
Membership in the club may be spreading, but it's still not easy to get in the door."
u08_2.4.mp3 1. _______________ is the world's richest person.
2. _______________ has $42 billion.
3. _______________ is among India's 23 billionaires.
4. _______________ is no longer one of the world's billionaires.
5. _______________ feels bad when looking at the billionaire list.
6. _______________ doubts that people will start having $100 billion.
  Warren Buffet^James Dyson^Martha Stewart^Bill Gates^Luisa Kroll^Kelvin Heir^KP Singh^Ronald Lauder       Bill Gates^Warren Buffet^KP Singh^Martha Stewart^Ronald Lauder^Luisa Kroll
349 8 2.5 Pros and Cons of Women Voting There have been numerous strange ideas circulating around lately, spoken of on the news, printed in the opinion pages of newspapers, and spoken on the street.
Of all these ideas, one stands out as terribly bizarre -- some people say that women should not be allowed to vote.
People with this idea justify it in strange ways.
Sometimes, they say that having women vote is a waste of energy, and that women should save their energies for taking care of their children.
And at other times, people say that voting takes women out of the home.
Women should cook, clean, and do other "womanly" things.^
As I said, this idea is bizarre, and I think something differently.
My idea is that women should be able to vote.
First, society should be fair.
If men can vote, and women cannot, how is this fair to women?
Next, women should enjoy representation.
They are half of society, and having the right to vote would seve that purpose.
And finally, if women have votes, candidates will try to do things that help women.
We will, then, get leaders that care about women's issues.
u08_2.5.mp3 1^1^1   0^0^0   Reasons for women voting   Society should be fair.^Women should have representation.^It gives us leaders that care about women's issues.
350 8 2.6 Simply the Best I call you, when I need you my heart's on fire^
You come to me, come to me, wild and wild^^
You come to me, give me everything I need^
Give me a lifetime of promises and a world of dreams^
Speak the language of love like you know what it means^
And it can't be wrong, take my heart and make it strong, baby^^
You're simply the best,
better than all the rest, better than anyone, anyone I've ever met!^
I'm stuck on your heart, I hang on every word you say^
Tear us apart, baby I would rather be dead^^
In your heart I see the start of every night and every day^
In your eyes, I get lost, I get washed away^
Just as long as I'm here in your arms I could be in no better place...^^
You're simply the best,
better than all the rest, better than anyone, anyone I've ever met!^
I'm stuck on your heart, I hang on every word you say^
Tear us apart, baby I would rather be dead^^
Each time you leave me I start losing control,
you're walking away with my heart and my soul,
I can feel you even when I'm alone,
oh baby don't let go!^^
And you're the best,
better than all the rest, better than anyone, anyone I've ever met!^
I'm stuck on your heart, I hang on every word you say^
Tear us apart, baby I would rather be dead, ooh you're the best!
u08_2.6.mp3              
351 8 3.1 Cause and Effect A: Our relationship is over. I mean my girlfriend and I...^
B: Any reasons?^
A: The reason is another man.^
B: Oh, that's too bad.
               
352 8 3.1   A: John, I'm sorry. The air tickets for the National Day are sold out.^
B: Really? I didn't expect that.^
A: It's possible because everyone wants to travel during the holiday weekend.^
B: I should have booked the tickets in advance.
               
353 8 3.1   A: I see many teachers have quit teaching to work in companies recently.^
B: Why is that?^
A: It's obvious. For higher pay.^
B: If that's the case, I can only feel sorry for them.
               
354 8 3.1 Aim and Purpose A: I'm going to take an English class next week.
It's a three-month course, three times a week.^
B: How come? You've already got your master's degree, haven't you?^
A: Everybody should keep learning to keep pace with the times.^
B: You're right. I should learn something in my spare time, too.
               
355 8 3.1   A: Mom, can I put the battery here?^
B: No, dear. It's too close to the bathtub.^
A: What's wrong with that?^
B: Batteries must be kept in dry places in case electricity leaks.
               
356 8 3.1   A: Why did the woman shout so loudly?^
B: She shouted loudly for people's attention.
She intended to get as much support as possible from onlookers.^
A: For what reason?^
B: She believed the man had overcharged her.
               
357 8 3.2 Pros and Cons of Women Voting There have been numerous strange ideas circulating around lately, spoken of on the news, printed in the opinion pages of newspapers, and spoken on the street.
Of all these ideas, one stands out as terribly bizarre -- some people say that women should not be allowed to vote.
People with this idea justify it in strange ways.
Sometimes, they say that having women vote is a waste of energy, and that women should save their energies for taking care of their children.
And at other times, people say that voting takes women out of the home.
Women should cook, clean, and do other "womanly" things.^
As I said, this idea is bizarre, and I think something differently.
My idea is that women should be able to vote.
First, society should be fair.
If men can vote, and women cannot, how is this fair to women?
Next, women should enjoy representation.
They are half of society, and having the right to vote would seve that purpose.
And finally, if women have votes, candidates will try to do things that help women.
We will, then, get leaders that care about women's issues.
u08_2.5.mp3     Allowing women to vote is the only way to create a modern society.^Women should be able to vote.^Female suffrage is linked to all sorts of social ills.^It's my idea that women should not be allowed to vote.        
358 8 3.3 Get out, Grandma! A: Let's pop in here for lunch.
It's raining and I'm hungry.^
B: That sounds like a good idea.
I am tired from walking all day.
I sure could do with a rest.^
C: I'm sorry, ladies. There aren't any seats available right now.^
A: What do you mean? There isn't a single customer in this restaurant!
Look at all those free tables!^
C: Sorry, ma'am. Those tables are reserved.^
A: Reserved?^
C: That's right. They're being saved for customers who'll come in later.^
B: I don't think that's likely at all.^
C: Sorry, ma'am.^
A: Can we order take out then?^
C: Sure you can.^
A: That'll do. We'll just eat our meals at the counter.^
C: Oh, I'm afraid you can't do that.^
B: Why not?^
C: Listen, I'll be honest with you.
We serve a very exclusive group of customers.
I'm afraid that you just wouldn't fit in here.
Having you here would just scare away our regular guests.
I'm afraid I'll have to ask you to leave.
u08_3.3.mp3 What do you think of prejudice? What are your reasons?   Prejudice, in all its forms, is unacceptable and must be fought against. We are familiar with one sort of prejudice -- racism. Racism is prejudice against people of minority races. This is the prejudice that is often spoken about. However, there are others. Discrimination against the elderly is another form of prejudice that is unacceptable, as is discrimination against people with diseases, people with disabilities, and people from different countries. Some people will ask, "Why is prejudice bad?" I believe that the answer is fairly obvious. There are actually several reasons why prejudice is bad. For one, prejudice is unfair. If an old person is not allowed into a restaurant because she is old, she is not receiving equal treatment. She should be allowed to eat anywhere, providing she can pay for her meal. A second reason is that prejudice gives a bad name to a country. If we were to practice prejudice, people from other countries would think poorly of us. A third reason is that prejudice makes people angry. If minorities were told that they couldn't enter a restaurant, they would get angry. After some time, they would be angry enough to fight back. We surely want a peaceful society, and so we must make everyone happy. Finally, prejudice doesn't make sense for business. By refusing the business of minorities or the elderly, businesses lose money. And if businesses refuse to hire minorities, they will lose even more. They will lose workers who are potentially great. We can definitely say that prejudice is unacceptable.        
359 8 4.1 Inequalities in Society Hi, my name is Farben. I'm from Germany.
I want to talk about inequalities in society.
There are inequalities in our society. We cannot look away.
This is an everyday thing. We see it on the streets.
Somebody is rich and somebody is poor.
But why is that so?
Sometimes it's not really fair, because everybody is hard working.
But some people they just get better paid
or they just have a better job and some people they don't have any job at all
but that doesn't mean they don't deserve it.
So, well, everybody has to do something against it.
Everybody has to work hard,
but of course the government has to think about some way to deal with problems like this.
Better jobs or more jobs for the people that is very important and I think everybody deserves it.
But of course it's not so easy.
It's easy to say but it's not easy to do.
So everybody has to think about ways how can I deal with this situation.
Education is also very important.
Everybody needs a good education to have better chances for better jobs.^
Hi my name is Shizo Kyoda, I'm from Japan.
Now I'm going to talk about inequality in society.
In Japan there is a gender discrimination in the work force.
Females sometimes, uh, take a disadvantage
it is also hard for them to take a high position in the company
because the company may think they may quit their job after they get married or pregnant.
Because of the reason it is also very hard for female around 30 years old to find new job.
It seems the Japanese is a chauvinistic society
and I believe that there is no difference between females and the males when they work at the company.
So I think we should be more considerate and understanding to their unjust in qualities in society.
Thank you.^
Hi, my name is Steve. I come from England.
Inequality can take many forms.
Economic inequality refers to the inequality in the distribution of economic assets and income.
Economic inequality can also refer to that between nations.
Richer countries like the US are more powerful than poorer developing countries like Bangladesh.
Inequality can also exist between genders.
In some countries, men are more powerful than women.
Inequality often leads to discrimination.
In government, for example, there is often a disproportion between men and women,
with men holding higher positions.
Inequality can also exist between ethnicities, for example, in South Africa's apartheid era,
when black people were discriminated against and prevented from voting.^
Hi my name is Betsy and I'm from Hong Kong.
When I used to work at a women's health organization
I was in charge of a teenage women health program
and I was often asked to give speeches at schools or hospitals, uh, or even in the communities.
And back then, or even now, because I have a baby face,
so I, um, looked younger than I actually, than I actually am.
So often times people question my, um, credentials or my abilities on these very professional issues.
And that really made me feel discriminated.
Um, just because, you know, I was a young professional woman doesn't mean that,
you know, I didn't know what I was talking about.
So I really felt that, um, this kind of, um, bias, uh, needs to be improved.
Simply just by respecting, um, and knowing what professionalism really is.
              Farben.jpg^Shizo Kyoda.jpg^Steve.jpg^Betsy.jpg
360 8 4.2       It is unfair to discriminate women in the work force.^There are different forms of inequality.^Inequalities are very common in our life.^Being young in a profession may be a factor that invites discrimination.   3^1^2^4       Farben1.jpg^Shizo Kyoda1.jpg^Steve1.jpg^Betsy1.jpg
361 8 4.3                    
362 8 5.1 The Ku Klux Klan W: There are terrorist organizations in the US -- groups made up of Americans?^
M: I'm afraid so. But you probably wouldn't see them if you visited the country.
I, for one, have never seen a terrorist.
Still, sometimes you hear about these groups, the Ku Klux Klan for one.^
W: Oh, I think I've heard of that group: the CCC.^
M: No, the KKK.^
W: OK. Maybe I haven't heard of them at all. What do they do?^
M: Beatings, bombings, some killings.^
W: Killings?^
M: Mostly of minorities -- blacks mostly, but gays and foreigners...^
W: Foreigners?^
M: Don't worry. Like I said, you probably wouldn't see them if you spent a hundred years visiting the country.^
W: Small group, then?^
M: Now, but it was larger before. It started in the 1860s, not long after the Civil War.
Then, it went away around 1870, came back in 1915.
In 1920, membership grew to its highest point, four million.
Nowadays, it probably has a couple of thousand members.^
W: You know a lot about this group. Are you a member?^
M: Don't even think that! In the US, it's only the lowest, most despicable people who are members of the KKK.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. What are the speakers talking about?^
2. What is the main target for the KKK?^
3. What happened just before the start of the KKK?^
4. When did KKK membership hit its peak?^
5. What can we infer from the conversation?
u08_5.1.mp3     Q1: What are the speakers talking about?
Ans: A
Q2: What is the main target for the KKK?
Ans: C
Q3: What happened just before the start of the KKK?
Ans: D
Q4: When did KKK membership hit its peak?
Ans: B
Q5: What can we infer from the conversation?
Ans: C
       
363 8 5.2 Black Women College Students Natasha Seavers, a fifth-year engineering student at the University of Florida, comes from a blue-collar family.
Her dad drives a bus and her mother works at a department store.^
To finish college, Seavers had to borrow money and apply for grants.
She works 15 hours a week in the office of a carpet-cleaning firm.
She's hoping to go to graduate school, but will probably work first in construction as a civil engineer.^
Nowadays, the number of black women who enroll in colleges has greatly increased.
This has helped narrow the gap between the number of black and white students in the United States.^
Black women more often come from poorer families than black men and nearly half the black women college students of the 1990s are first-generation college students.^
Blacks accounted for 10 percent of undergraduates in 1994, up from 8.8 percent a decade earlier, the institute said.
Blacks account for 14.3 percent of the college age population (all students aged between 18 and 24).
By contrast, whites account for 73 percent of students.^
The data found a 55 percent rise in bachelor's degrees awarded to black women between 1976 and 1994.
Among white women, there was a 35 percent increase in bachelor's degrees.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What is the passage about?^
2. What can we infer from the passage?^
3. What do we know has increased a lot?^
4. In 1984, what percentage of undergrads were black?^
5. The increase in graduation for black women was 20% more than what other group?
u08_5.2.mp3     Q1: What is the passage about?
Ans: A
Q2: What can we infer from the passage?
Ans: D
Q3: What do we know has increased a lot?
Ans: B
Q4: In 1984, what percentage of undergrads were black?
Ans: B
Q5: The increase in graduation for black women was 20% more than what other group?
Ans: B
       
364 8 5.3 Racial Prejudice In the fall of 1951 during my first week at North Carolina College, the chairman's wife stopped me one day in the hall.
She wanted to see me, she said.^
When I went to her office, she greeted me with a big smile.
"You know," she said, "you got the highest mark in the verbal part of the examination."
She was referring to the examination that the entire freshman class took upon entering the college.
In spite of her smile, her eyes and tone of voice were saying, "How could this black-skinned girl score so high?"
"It must be some sort of fluke."
I felt agitated, but I managed to smile my thanks, and backed off.
For here at North Carolina College, the faculty assumed light-skinned students were more intelligent.
They were always a bit surprised when a dark-skinned student did well, particularly if she was a girl.^
When the grades for the first quarter came out, I had the highest average in the freshman class.
The chairman's wife called me into her office again.
She praised me for my grades.
Then, she took out a copy of the English final examination paper, and she asked me to take the exam over again.^
For a few moments I knew rage so intense that I wanted to start punching her.
I had seldom hated anyone so deeply.
I handed the examination paper back to her and walked out.
u08_5.3.mp3     1) greeted
2) freshman
3) spite
4) fluke
5) agitated
6) faculty
7) particularly
8) I had the highest average in the freshman class
9) Then, she took out a copy of the English final examination paper
10) I knew rage so intense that I wanted to start punching her
       
365 8 5.4 Imitate the Speaker Look at time the other way.
Each day is an eternity of over 86,000 seconds.
During each second, the number of distinct molecular function going on within the human body is comparable to the number of seconds in the estimated age of the cosmos.
A few seconds are long enough for a revolutionary idea, a startling communication, a baby's conception, a wounding insult, a sudden death.
Depending on how we think of them, our lives can be infinitely long or infinitely short.^^
From "Two View of Time"
u08_5.4.mp3              
371 9 1.1 Disneyland Hong Kong W: Sir, excuse me. Sir?^
M: Yes? Do you have a question?^
W: A few, if you don't mind. I'd like to ask you about the Disneyland amusement park you've opened in Hong Kong.^
M: Shoot!^
W: Thanks. There are people with doubts about the park and whether it's Chinese enough to appeal to Chinese people.
What do you have to say about this?^
M: It's true that the park is mostly influenced by American culture, but we've tried to do things especially for Chinese visitors.
For instance, we've included Chinese food on the menus at our restaurants.^
W: Is there anything else you have done to make your park more Chinese?^
M: Disneyland Hong Kong is very popular with Chinese people.
I think most visitors like the foreign flavor.
Still, we're always open to suggestions on how to make the park better and more sensitive to Chinese cultures.
u09_1.mp3 What doubts do people have concerning Hong Kong Disneyland?^What cultures have the greatest influence on the park?^What guidelines would you install if you were head of a Disneyland park?   0^0^0       Whether it's Chinese enough to appeal to Chinese people.^American cultures.^There are many concerns that should be taken into consideration by a person starting a Disneyland park. First of all, the park should be a clean place for people to have fun. Therefore, laws against littering should be strictly enforced. And there should be workers, who patrol the entire park, doing cleanings. As for workers, they should be neat in appearance -- no beards or moustaches. Also, the park should reflect the culture in which it is located. A Chinese Disneyland should have the color of Chinese culture.
372 9 1.2   W: Sir, excuse me. Sir?^
M: Yes? Do you have a question?^
W: A few, if you don't mind. I'd like to ask you about the Disneyland amusement park you've opened in Hong Kong.^
M: Shoot!^
W: Thanks. There are people with doubts about the park and whether it's Chinese enough to appeal to Chinese people.
What do you have to say about this?^
M: It's true that the park is mostly influenced by American culture, but we've tried to do things especially for Chinese visitors.
For instance, we've included Chinese food on the menus at our restaurants.^
W: Is there anything else you have done to make your park more Chinese?^
M: Disneyland Hong Kong is very popular with Chinese people.
I think most visitors like the foreign flavor.
Still, we're always open to suggestions on how to make the park better and more sensitive to Chinese cultures.
u09_1.mp3 How the people around you see amusement parks? What effects could amusement parks have on people?
How do you prefer to spend your spare time, paint, read, or go to an amusement park? Give your reasons.
           
373 9 2.1 Disneyland W: You know a new Disneyland is being built nearby?
Mickey Mouse is everywhere.
Pictures of him on the subway, on the buildings, just everywhere!^
M: So... you don't like Mickey Mouse? I think he's cool.
And I just can't wait for Disneyland to open!^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u09_2.1_1.mp3     A) Disneyland hasn't opened near them. B) Disneyland can be found just about everywhere. C) Disneyland will have a subway and buildings. D) Disneyland hasn't enough signs everywhere. A
374 9 2.1   M: Did the Disneyland in Europe have a lot to do to make its park more European?^
W: Given its castles and lots of European characters, Disneyland already seems very European.
But what will it do in China?
I think its job here is more difficult.^
Q: What will be more difficult for Disneyland?
u09_2.1_2.mp3     A) Starting a Disneyland in Europe. B) Making their park more European. C) Appealing to Chinese people. D) Creating castles and European characters. C
375 9 2.1   W: There's a, there's a, oh man, I can hardly say it...
They're gonna build a Disneyland just 50 miles away from our home! I read it in the paper.^
M: Wow! I can't believe it. It'd be incredible, if it's true.
But I won't believe it until I see it with my own eyes.^
Q: Why doesn't the man believe the woman?
u09_2.1_3.mp3     A) He hasn't read about it in the paper. B) He hasn't seen the news himself. C) He thinks the news is too incredible to be true. D) He heard from the TV news that he shouldn't believe it. B
376 9 2.1   M: During my interview at Disneyland, I was told that I would have to shave my beard.
So, I'm not sure that I want to work there.^
W: Oh, go on, do it! Working at Disneyland would be very exciting, and well worth losing your beard over.
Besides, I think they pay very well.^
Q: What does the woman think the man should do?
u09_2.1_4.mp3     A) Pay very well to work at Disneyland. B) Have an exciting time at Disneyland. C) Grow a beard and work at Disneyland. D) Give in to what his potential employers want. D
377 9 2.1   W: I went to the grand opening of Hong Kong's Disneyland and saw thousands of people crowding around the front gate waiting to enter!^
M: I was there too. Some people said they had queued all night to get in the park.^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u09_2.1_5.mp3     A) Parents who help their kids. B) Parents who push their kids into Disneyland. C) The opening day at a Disneyland park. D) The outside wall and front door of Disneyland. C
378 9 2.1   M: OK, so what's your reason for wanting to work with us here at Disneyland?^
W: Oh, man. It's what I've wanted my whole life!
I mean, wow, I've seen all the Disney films, and I just love Disneyland!
It would be a dream come true!^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u09_2.1_6.mp3     A) The woman wants to see the Disney films. B) The woman has worked at Disneyland her whole life. C) The woman has gone to Disneyland with the man. D) The woman doesn't work at Disneyland. D
379 9 2.1   W: So, if you were head of Disneyland, or rather, President of the Disney Corporation, what would you do to increase attendance at the parks?^
M: I suppose I'd open more parks in different places in the world -- mainland China, India, places with big populations.^
Q: Why is India a good place for a park?
u09_2.1_7.mp3     A) Because it has many people. B) Because there is already a park in China. C) Because attendance has decreased elsewhere. D) Because it is a big place. A
380 9 2.1   M: So, how was it? What did you think of Disneyland?
Was it everything you had hoped?^
W: All that and more! Superb rides, great food, amazing characters... and best of all, they make it so easy to do everything.
You just pay one ticket when you go in and that covers all the rides.^
Q: What did the woman like best about Disneyland?
u09_2.1_8.mp3     A) The easy way to do everything. B) The great food at the park. C) The rides that she knew she'd like. D) The wild characters she saw there. A
381 9 2.1   M: Hey, sweetie. I've talked it over with your mom, and, well, we'd like to take you to Disneyland for your birthday this year.^
W: Really? Oh, that's great! You're the greatest Dad ever!
I can't wait to tell my friends at school!^
Q: What is the relationship between the speakers?
u09_2.1_9.mp3     A) Mother and son. B) Father and daughter. C) Teacher and student. D) Employer and employee. B
382 9 2.1   W: I'm sorry to call you in like this with bad news.
But it's the park. Attendance is low at all the Disney parks, and I'm afraid...^
M: You're gonna lay me off? You can't do this!
Disneyland is my entire life! What am I gonna tell my family?^
Q: What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
u09_2.1_10.mp3     A) Father and daughter. B) Mother and son. C) Employer and employee. D) Teacher and student. C
383 9 2.2 Disneyland, a Dream of Mine M: Disneyland, Disneyland, Disneyland...^
W: You think you could keep it down back there?^
M: I don't think so. I can't remember ever being so excited about anything.^
W: That's what you said when you were going to Tokyo and Hong Kong.
Honestly, every time we're in a car going somewhere, you say that you can't remember ever being so excited about going there.^
M: And I mean it, every time.
But this time I REALLY mean it.
The rides, the games, the food, Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck!
Donald Duck! I'm going to see Donald Duck!^
W: Is that what you're looking forward to the most?^
M: Totally! When we get there, you're gonna have to take my photo with him, OK?^
W: Yeah, I suppose. But it's just a guy in a suit.
I mean, it's not a real duck.^
M: I know. I'm not stupid.
Give me a break -- I'm just so excited -- anyway, it's good to be a kid sometimes and this is something I've dreamt about since I was a small kid.
u09_2.2.mp3 1. What is happening in the conversation? u09_2.2q1.mp3 A) The speakers are visiting Tokyo. B) The speakers are looking for Donald Duck. C) The speakers are riding the Disneyland rides. D) The speakers are going to Disneyland. D
384 9 2.2       2. What has the man seen before? u09_2.2q2.mp3 A) Hong Kong. B) Disneyland. C) Mickey Mouse. D) Donald Duck. A
385 9 2.2       3. What is the man looking forward to the most? u09_2.2q3.mp3 A) Riding the rides. B) Seeing Donald Duck. C) Seeing Mickey Mouse. D) Getting a photo. B
386 9 2.2       4. What can be inferred from the conversation? u09_2.2q4.mp3 A) The man has a photo of himself at Disneyland. B) The man knows Donald Duck isn't a real duck. C) The man is wearing a suit at this moment. D) The man wants to be left alone at the park. B
387 9 2.2       5. Where is the conversation probably taking place? u09_2.2q5.mp3 A) A car. B) Disneyland. C) Tokyo. D) Hong Kong. A
388 9 2.3 The History of Disney Parks Your first thought of Disneyland might be California, the location of the first Disney theme park, opened in 1955.
And while Disney is largely influenced by the culture of its birthplace, Disney theme parks are spreading around the world.^
In 1983 the first international Disney theme park opened: Tokyo Disneyland Park in Japan.
Tokyo Disneyland Park is now part of the Tokyo Disney Resort, and has a sister theme park Tokyo Disney Sea.
Both Tokyo Disneys are owned by a Japanese corporation, the Oriental Land Company.
The Walt Disney Company receives royalties based on revenues and maintains creative control.^
In 1992, Euro Disney opened in France, and is now the Disneyland Resort Paris, with two theme parks.^
On September 12, 2005, the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort was opened.
It is owned jointly by the Hong Kong Government and the Walt Disney Company.
u09_2.3.mp3 1. What is the passage about? u09_2.3q1.mp3 A) The Walt Disney Company. B) The opening of Disneyland. C) The first Disney theme park. D) The Disney parks in different countries. D
389 9 2.3       2. When did the first Disneyland open outside of the US? u09_2.3q2.mp3 A) 1955. B) 1983. C) 1992. D) 2005. B
390 9 2.3       3. Who has creative control over Tokyo Disney Sea? u09_2.3q3.mp3 A) The Oriental Land Company. B) The Walt Disney Company. C) The Tokyo Disneyland Park. D) A Japanese corporation. B
391 9 2.3       4. What can be inferred from the passage? u09_2.3q4.mp3 A) The Disneyland in France is called Euro Disney. B) The Oriental Land Company is controlled by Disney. C) The Disneyland in Paris is still open to this day. D) The Walt Disney Company receives royalties from Euro Disney. C
392 9 2.3       5. What do we know from the passage? u09_2.3q5.mp3 A) The Walt Disney Company receives royalties from all its parks. B) Euro Disney was the first theme park to open in Paris. C) Disney theme parks have opened in at least 4 different countries. D) The Hong Kong Government owns the Disney Company jointly. C
393 9 2.4 A Day at an Amusement Park My brother, his wife, and their two daughters are in town and I had promised the girls that I would take them to an amusement park.
I don't really like roller coasters, but I knew the kids would like it.^
On Saturday morning, we drove down to the theme park.
We parked and took a shuttle to the park entrance.
We looked at the ticket prices and decided to buy a day pass for each of us.
Maria, the younger of the two kids, is only 2 years old, and children under three get in free.^
The first thing we did was stand in line for the biggest attraction in the park: a really big roller coaster.
Actually, only Grace and I stood in line since Maria was too young to ride it.
My brother and my sister-in-law took Maria to ride the Ferris wheel and carousel, and afterwards, we planned to meet near the concession stands so we could watch the parade at 2 o'clock.
Grace and I finally made it to the head of the line and we got on the ride.
I really don't like roller coasters.
When we got off, I felt queasy and had to sit down for a few minutes before I could walk again.^
All in all, we had a good day at the amusement park.
But, it will be a long time before I go on a roller coaster again!
u09_2.4.mp3 1. To whom did the speaker make a promise? _________
2. How did the speakers get to the park? _________
3. Who can get into the park for free? _________
4. What did the speaker and Grace do at 2 p.m.? _________
5. What did the man do after getting off the roller coaster? _________
  His brother's two daughters.^They drove there.^Children under three.^They watched the parade.^He sat down and had a rest for a few minutes.       His brother's two daughters.^They drove there.^Children under three.^They watched the parade.^He sat down and had a rest for a few minutes.
394 9 2.5 What makes Disneyland fun? For more than 50 years, Disneyland has entertained children and has brought families a lot of joy.
I am among one of the millions of people touched forever by this wonderful theme park in California, America.
When I was 10, I went there with my parents and sister, and I will never forget it.
I think most people have the same feelings as I do.^
What makes Disneyland fun?
There are probably a thousand different things.
But for me, one of the top three things is that Disneyland has fantastic rides.
There are roller coasters that shoot up into the sky like rockets and others that whiz up and down mountains.
For some people, these rides are frightening, but for me, they're great.
My second reason is there is so much to see.
The place is truly magical -- the castle, the visions of the future, the costumed characters... there is so much to see!
Most important to me about Disneyland, however, is that it helps families create memories they will never forget.
u09_2.5.mp3 1^1^1   0^0^0   Reasons for going to Disneyland   The rides are great.^The sights are magical.^It helps families create unforgettable memories.
395 9 2.6 Don't Worry, Be Happy Here's a little song I wrote^
You might want to sing it note for note^
Don't worry, be happy.^
In every life we have some trouble^
But when you worry you make it double. Don't worry, be happy.^
Don't worry, be happy now.^
Don't worry, be happy. Don't worry, be happy.^
Don't worry, be happy. Don't worry, be happy.^
Ain't got no place to lay your head^
Somebody came and took your bed^
Don't worry, be happy.^
The landlord say your rent is late^
He may have to litigate^
Don't worry, be happy. (Look at me -- I'm happy.^
Don't worry, be happy.^
Here I give you my phone number. When you worry, call me, I make you happy.^
Don't worry, be happy.)^
Ain't got no cash, ain't got no style^
Ain't got no gal to make you smile^
But don't worry, be happy.^
'Cause when you worry your face will frown^
And that will bring everybody down^
So don't worry, be happy.^^
Don't worry, be happy now. Don't worry, be happy^
Don't worry, be happy. Don't worry, be happy^^
Now there is this song I wrote.^
I hope you learned it note for note^
Like good little children. Don't worry, be happy^
Listen to the words I say^
In your life expect some trouble^
When you worry you make it double^
Don't worry, be happy, be happy now^^
Don't worry, be happy. Don't worry, be happy.^
Don't worry, be happy. Don't worry, be happy.^^
(Don't worry, don't worry, don't do it.^
Be happy. Put a smile on your face.^
Don't bring everybody down like this.^
Don't worry. It will soon pass, whatever it is.^
Don't worry, be happy.)
u09_2.6.mp3              
396 9 3.1 Concession A: Hi, Michael, how is your life in China?^
B: It's terrific. I enjoy Chinese food very much.^
A: Good! Then can you speak some Chinese now?^
B: I can only speak a little although I've been here for half a year.
The four tones are so difficult for me.
               
397 9 3.1   A: Mom, I've flunked my physics examination again.^
B: Really? How come?
You've been working so hard on it this semester.^
A: I don't know.
It seems to me that no matter how hard I try, I just can't pass the exam.^
B: Oh, Mike, you shouldn't lose heart.
I'm sure you can make it next time.
               
398 9 3.1 Real Condition A: Wendy, if you had the opportunity to be different, what would you change?^
B: I think I would change my appearance.
I wish I could be more attractive. How about you?^
A: I would change my intelligence, and then I could easily pass all these exams.^
B: Yeah, the exams. They nearly drove us mad.
               
399 9 3.1   A: Hi, Ted, why are you in such a hurry?^
B: I have a paper to hand in tomorrow morning, but my computer suddenly broke down.
Cindy, may I use yours for a while?^
A: Sure, provided that you give it back to me tonight.^
B: You are such a great help. Thanks a lot.
I'll give it back to you as soon as I finish my paper.
               
400 9 3.1 Unreal Condition A: Can I help you?^
B: How much is this pink T-shirt?^
A: It is 25 yuan. But if you buy two, it will be 20 yuan each.
And if you buy three, it will be 18 yuan each.^
B: OK, in that case, I'll take three.
               
401 9 3.1   A: What would you do if you had a million dollars?^
B: I couldn't be that lucky.
But if I were, I would invest it in the stock market.^
A: That would be too risky.
If I were you, I would invest in real estate.^
B: Um, that makes sense.
               
402 9 3.2 What makes Disneyland fun? For more than 50 years, Disneyland has entertained children and has brought families a lot of joy.
I am among one of the millions of people touched forever by this wonderful theme park in California, America.
When I was 10, I went there with my parents and sister, and I will never forget it.
I think most people have the same feelings as I do.^
What makes Disneyland fun?
There are probably a thousand different things.
But for me, one of the top three things is that Disneyland has fantastic rides.
There are roller coasters that shoot up into the sky like rockets and others that whiz up and down mountains.
For some people, these rides are frightening, but for me, they're great.
My second reason is there is so much to see.
The place is truly magical -- the castle, the visions of the future, the costumed characters... there is so much to see!
Most important to me about Disneyland, however, is that it helps families create memories they will never forget.
u09_2.5.mp3     The speaker believes that Disneyland is a lot of fun.^Going to Disneyland can be a lot of fun.        
403 9 3.3 Disneyland in China After a long wait, Disneyland finally came to Hong Kong.
And people crowded the gates of the theme park to see what all the excitement was about.
Some people came for a fun day of excitement and exploration.
Some others came to see history being made.
This was the fifth Disneyland in the world.
More than that, it was the first in China, a sign to some people of their country's increasing wealth and position in the world.^
One of China's top ranking officials attended the opening ceremony of Hong Kong Disneyland.
He said Hong Kong Disneyland would become a new tourist destination for local citizens and visitors to Hong Kong and it will help boost Hong Kong's economy.
The Chief Executive of the HKSAR spoke about the new jobs Disneyland will create.^
It is reported that the Walt Disney Co. will develop an additional Disneyland in China: in Hong Zhou, Shanghai, or Beijing.
u09_3.3.mp3 Is Disneyland good for China? What will be the effects of a second Disneyland in this country?   The arrival of Disneyland in Hong Kong and the plans for a second one in China have caused some people to question whether Disneyland is a good thing for this country. From an economic standpoint, I think the answer is obvious. Disneyland brings in tourist money, creates jobs, and supports businesses around the park. There is no doubt that Disneyland makes a lot of money for a lot of people, which is why many people would like to see a second park in China. Still, the economic question is not the only one. Some people are concerned about the invasion of foreign cultures into China. This complaint seems rather silly. China has a long history of accepting the cultures of other countries and then making them part of Chinese culture. One example is Buddhism, an Indian religion that entered China and became our largest religion. Buddhism changed, becoming more Chinese, after being here for hundreds of years. Disneyland is something like this, just another cultural import that will be part of our own culture. Its American and European influences will become ours, and we will grow closer to our Western friends. We needn't worry about that. Our culture is becoming part of their culture too, as Chinese products and people are going abroad. We should be very happy about this, because cultures and peoples are uniting in a peaceful and friendly way. Some other people are concerned that Disneyland is too expensive for Chinese people. It is certainly the case that it is too expensive for many Chinese people. However, as more and more families are becoming richer, the number of people who can afford Disneyland is increasing. It should be noted that the park is too expensive for many people in the US too. However, no one there is arguing that the park should be closed for that reason. Disneyland brings a lot of happiness and money to people.        
404 9 4.1 Amusement Parks Hi. This is Kim, and I would like to talk about amusement parks today.
Now, as a kid I grew up in Korea, you know, before the age of ten,
and there weren't too many amusement parks around.
So I used to have dreams and fantasies about going to Disneyland.
And then, um, when I reached the age of ten, I was lucky enough.
My family and I moved to California, where Disneyland was.
In high school, I actually worked in Disneyland.
So, you know, there was a big contrast between actually dreaming about it and then working there.
Obviously, Disneyland is the happiest place in the world.
So it was fun working there and then going on all the rides.
And actually working there gave me a chance to see a lot of tourists.
So I knew how, um, great of an effect amusement parks could have on people.
And now, uh, going back... I've been back in Korea a few times.
Now they're really promoting tourism.
So there are more and more really great amusement parks in Korea as well.
I think amusement parks are great, a great place for friends and family
to meet and gather and have a good time.
So, uh, maybe go to an amusement park this weekend. Have fun. Bye.^
Hi. My name is Sarah.
I'm from Germany, and today I want to tell you about my personal experience
and also a little bit how Germans see amusement parks.
Um, I think, uh, in Germany especially younger people maybe
don't like amusement parks so much. Of course, it depends on personal taste also.
But I think a lot of people think that, especially these big amusement parks like,
uh, Disneyland and all that, um, it's very, it's a little bit like fast food.
It's very easy, um, very easy entertainment,
because you just go there and, yeah, it's like fast food.
You just consume it, but you don't have to bring in your own creativity.
And I think for a lot of younger people in Germany,
creativity -- to be creative yourself when you...
in your, in your free time -- this is very important.
So maybe also personally for my..., personally for myself,
I would like to do something by myself -- maybe paint something or read a book.^
Hi. My name is Ted, and today we're going to talk a little bit about amusement parks.
Now, the most famous amusement park that I know of
and that I've been to is Walt Disney World in Florida -- Orlando, Florida.
I was lucky enough as a child to be able to go to Disney World with my family a couple of times.
It was great. We had a great time.
We also learned a lot, too, because they had some rides,
they weren't just roller coasters or thrill rides.
We actually learned about history and science, especially at Epcot Center.
Well, now I'm a father,
and I think I'm looking forward to taking my own son to an amusement park.
In fact, I think this year I'd like to take my son to Disney World for the first time,
because that's a place I enjoyed when I was a child.
I don't think it's changed too much,
and I'd like to show him some of the things that I enjoyed
as a child myself and share it with him now.
So, I think amusement parks are good for children,
but now as a father, I think they're good for parents, too.
I look forward to going to Disney World with my family.^
Hi. My name is Andrew, and I come from Canada.
And right now, I'd like to talk to you a little bit about amusement parks.
Now, in my hometown of Winnipeg, Canada,
we didn't have a permanent amusement park.
We had an amusement kind of traveling show that would come in
once a year which was called the Red River Exhibition,
and it had all the things that an amusement park has, like roller coasters and rides.
And I remember one time I went there. It was the first time I ever went without my parents.
And I was a little bit too young, I think. I think I was about eleven years old, maybe...
I think about eleven years old is right.
And I loved the rides so much that I kept riding them again and again and again.
I think that maybe if my parents were there, they would not have let me ride it so many times,
but I just kept doing it again and again.
After riding the same ride about six or seven times in a row,
I felt very sick, and I actually threw up.
So, I think that amusement parks are great.
They're great fun, but children do need to be supervised by adults.
              Kim02.jpg^Sarah.jpg^Ted.jpg^Andrew07.jpg
405 9 4.2       Kim: Amusement parks may have great effect on people.
Sarah: Amusement parks are something like fast food.
Ted: Amusement parks are good for children but not good for parents.
Andrew: Children should be accompanied by their parents when going to amusement parks.
  T
T
F
T
      Kim021.jpg^Sarah1.jpg^Ted1.jpg^Andrew071.jpg
406 9 4.3                    
407 9 5.1 Culture Shock M: Great to see you back from Canada.
But I gather you weren't very happy there.
What troubled you most about Canadian culture?^
W: It's not the Canadian culture but the culture shock that was unbearable.^
M: What do you mean by culture shock?^
W: Culture shock: it's caused by the anxiety that results from losing all our familiar signs and symbols of social communication.^
M: I'm not quite following you.^
W: OK. When someone goes to a strange country, all or most of the familiar signs from his own culture are missing.
He's like a fish out of water.
It's like a series of familiar props have been knocked out from under him and this leads to feelings of frustration and anxiety.^
M: How do people react?^
W: People react to the frustration in much the same way.
They reject the environment, which causes the discomfort.
The home country suddenly assumes tremendous importance.
All the difficulties and problems are forgotten and only the good things back home are remembered.
It usually takes a trip home to bring one back to reality.
That's why I'm back.^
M: It's rather like an illness.^
W: Yes, it is.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. What is the conversation about?^
2. What did the woman find too difficult to deal with?^
3. What occurs immediately when a person enters a different culture?^
4. What becomes important to a person who feels frustrated?^
5. What can be inferred from the conversation?
u09_5.1.mp3     Q1: What is the conversation about?
Ans: C
Q2: What did the woman find too difficult to deal with?
Ans: B
Q3: What occurs immediately when a person enters a different culture?
Ans: A
Q4: What becomes important to a person who feels frustrated?
Ans: C
Q5: What can be inferred from the conversation?
Ans: D
       
408 9 5.2 Walt Disney It's probably safe to say that at least a few historians will one day speak of the 20th century as America's "Disney Era".
Today, it's certainly difficult to think of any other single thing that represents modern America as powerfully and perfectly as Disney.^
The reasons for Disney's success are varied and numerous, but undoubtedly the greatest reason for success has to do with Walt Disney himself: the man who created the cartoons children never forget and built the company from nothing.
He was a genius.
In business, his greatest skills were his insight and his management ability.^
But what really distinguished Disney was his ability to associate closely with his audiences.
He created characters that reflected the hopes and fears of ordinary people.
Cartoons, like The Three Little Pigs and Snow White and the Seven Dwarves, showed how, through hard work and helping one's fellow men, ordinary Americans could survive social and economic crises like the Great Depression.^
Disney's other great virtue was the fact that his company had a human face.
Also, his Hollywood studio operated just like a democracy, where everyone had a say in how things should be run.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What is the passage about?^
2. Why will historians think of the 20th century as the "Disney Era"?^
3. What does the author think of Walt Disney?^
4. What set Walt Disney apart most from others?^
5. What can be inferred from the passage?
u09_5.2.mp3     Q1: What is the passage about?
Ans: B
Q2: Why will historians think of the 20th century as the "Disney Era"?
Ans: A
Q3: What does the author think of Walt Disney?
Ans: D
Q4: What set Walt Disney apart most from others?
Ans: C
Q5: What can be inferred from the passage?
Ans: B
       
409 9 5.3 Turandot When organizers approached the authorities in Beijing about staging Puccini's Turandot, the Italian opera set in the Forbidden City of Beijing, officials initially hesitated.
Authorities worried that the film director Zhang Yimou didn't have the experience to handle such a project.
Only after several months did officials grant permission.^
Though Puccini had never visited China, he based his opera about a cruel princess in a fairy tale.
The story was meant to unfold in the Forbidden City, against a Chinese background.^
The Beijing production was not traditional.
Zhang introduced elements of Peking Opera to his version of Turandot, which was first staged in Florence last spring and then in Beijing.
Last July Zhang Yimou told journalists, "The Italian and Chinese cultures are just like two separate mountains, and my work is like a tunnel through which I can travel freely between the two."
Critics, performers and audience alike were especially excited about the new introduction to the story.^
The story of Turandot, though against the Chinese background, is based on a European fairy story: a disguised prince seeks the hand of the proud and cruel Princess Turandot, who kills all suitors who cannot answer her three riddles.
Though he succeeds, the prince promises to sacrifice himself if Turandot can learn his name.
Some Chinese critics have complained that the princess has none of the grace of a true Chinese lady.^
Nevertheless, it could be said that Turandot was "coming home".
It was staged in front of an ancient temple adjacent to the Forbidden City.
u09_5.3.mp3     1) Authorities
2) grant
3) opera
4) not traditional
5) staged
6) journalists
7) tunnel
8) Critics, performers and audience alike were especially excited about the new introduction to the story
9) who kills all suitors who cannot answer her three riddles
10) Some Chinese critics have complained that the princess has none of the grace of a true Chinese lady
       
410 9 5.4 Imitate the Speaker To all who come to this happy place: Welcome. Disneyland is your land.
Here, age relives fond memories of the past, and here youth may savor the challenge and promise of the future.
Disneyland is dedicated to the ideals, the dreams, and the hard facts that have created America, with the hope that it will be a source of joy and inspiration to all the world.^^
From "The Opening of Disneyland Dedication Speech" by Walt Disney
u09_5.4.mp3              
416 10 1.1 EQ, More Important than IQ M: I don't know why people don't like me. My IQ is fantastic; I'm a total genius with no faults whatsoever.^
W: No faults? Um, maybe you have at least one.^
M: What do you mean?^
W: Well, maybe you're having trouble making friends for the same reason you're having trouble finding a job.^
M: I'm too wonderful?^
W: No! You're an egotistical jerk!
You have a high IQ, but your EQ has much to be desired!^
M: EQ? What's that? ^
W: EQ has to do with your ability to make good decisions and work well with other people.
EQ is an emotion quotient: it measures emotional intelligence. ^
M: EQ? That's nonsense! ^
W: See? You think you know everything and you dismiss out of hand everything other people say if it's not in line with what you know!
But if you had a higher EQ, you would be more open and you'd be trying to improve your own.^
M: You may have a point about this.
Hm, maybe I should look into improving my EQ.
Is there some sort of class I can take?
u10_1.mp3 The woman has both a high IQ and a high EQ.^A person with a high EQ can work well with other people.^The man isn't interested in improving his EQ.           NG^T^F
417 10 1.2   M: I don't know why people don't like me. My IQ is fantastic; I'm a total genius with no faults whatsoever.^
W: No faults? Um, maybe you have at least one.^
M: What do you mean?^
W: Well, maybe you're having trouble making friends for the same reason you're having trouble finding a job.^
M: I'm too wonderful?^
W: No! You're an egotistical jerk!
You have a high IQ, but your EQ has much to be desired!^
M: EQ? What's that? ^
W: EQ has to do with your ability to make good decisions and work well with other people.
EQ is an emotion quotient: it measures emotional intelligence. ^
M: EQ? That's nonsense! ^
W: See? You think you know everything and you dismiss out of hand everything other people say if it's not in line with what you know!
But if you had a higher EQ, you would be more open and you'd be trying to improve your own.^
M: You may have a point about this.
Hm, maybe I should look into improving my EQ.
Is there some sort of class I can take?
u10_1.mp3 If you were the boss of a company, would you prefer employing people with great IQ scores or people with great EQ scores? Give your reasons.
Are you a person with good EQ? Set examples.
           
418 10 2.1 EQ Is Important W: I heard someone talking about EQ the other day. What is it?
Is it something like IQ?^
M: Kinda, I guess. But IQ deals with intelligence. EQ deals with emotion.
It's important in decision making, and something employers are testing for these days.^
Q: What are employers now testing for according to the man?
u10_2.1_1.mp3     A) Emotion. B) Intelligence. C) IQ. D) EQ. D
419 10 2.1   M: Your staff appears to be made up of very smart people, but I bet that they'd score low on an EQ measure.^
W: EQ? Oh, I think I've heard of that -- a measure of emotion, right.
So you're saying that they can't apply their intelligence then?
Mmm, this is a problem.^
Q: What problem does the woman recognize?
u10_2.1_2.mp3     A) Her employees scored lowly on a measure of EQ. B) Her employees can't make good use of their high IQ. C) Her employees are involved in emotional problems. D) Her employees are too smart according to the measure. B
420 10 2.1   W: So what did your EQ test show?
Wait, let me guess, I bet your score was really high, right?^
M: You hit the nail on the head!
My score showed just what I thought; I make good choices and relate to people well.
I only wish my IQ was as high.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u10_2.1_3.mp3     A) The man's EQ score is high. B) The woman's IQ score is high. C) EQ is more important than IQ. D) IQ is more important than EQ. A
421 10 2.1   M: I can't believe that you hired that idiot after you saw his score on the company's IQ test.^
W: Well, believe it. It's been my experience that intelligence isn't so important for quality work.
I'd much rather have a person who displays what's called EQ.^
Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?
u10_2.1_4.mp3     A) The woman hires idiots to work for her. B) The woman displays what's called EQ. C) The man they are talking about got a low score on the IQ test. D) The man they are talking about got a high score on the EQ test. C
422 10 2.1   W: The trouble with emotions is that they're hard to test for.
A person with high emotional ability loses out to a person with a high intelligence because IQ is testable.^
M: Not anymore. Emotions can be tested nowadays so we can get a good idea of someone's emotional abilities.^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u10_2.1_5.mp3     A) The trouble with IQ tests. B) Tests of emotional abilities. C) A person with a testable IQ. D) A person with high emotional abilities. B
423 10 2.1   M: If I had a higher EQ, maybe I'd find it easier to change my mind sometimes so maybe I wouldn't be so rigid in my beliefs.^
W: You needn't feel hopeless about it.
Surely, if you think you have a low EQ, there're things you can do about it?^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u10_2.1_6.mp3     A) The man's high EQ. B) A problem the man had. C) The man's rigid beliefs. D) What to do with a low EQ. B
424 10 2.1   W: What, you can't put off pleasure for 20 seconds, even if it means greater rewards later?
You must have the EQ of a child.^
M: I've never actually had my EQ tested. But you may be right.
I probably do have a low EQ.^
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
u10_2.1_7.mp3     A) The man's pleasure. B) The man's EQ level. C) The man's child. D) The man's EQ test. B
425 10 2.1   M: Yeah, your son has a high IQ, but I bet he's the sort who doesn't have much emotional intelligence.^
W: You're 100% wrong in that.
In truth, he shows both intellectual and emotional intelligence, a total package that is destined to succeed.^
Q: What does the woman think about her son?
u10_2.1_8.mp3     A) Her son does not have a high IQ. B) Her son does not have much emotional intelligence. C) Her son has the abilities he needs to be successful. D) Her son is wrong about his emotional intelligence. C
426 10 2.1   W: Now, listen, class. EQ is very important.
And if you don't develop yours, you won't do well in an office setting and you might have trouble in your domestic life as well.^
M: Yeah. I can see that.
I suppose a low EQ might even make everyday situations, like getting help at a hospital, difficult.^
Q: Where is the conversation probably taking place?
u10_2.1_9.mp3     A) A hospital. B) A classroom. C) An office. D) A home. B
427 10 2.1   W: Boy, you have a lot of brains, but you sure don't know much about using them.^
M: Yeah, I know, my teachers say the same thing.
And maybe Dad would too if I asked him.
Do you think it might be my upbringing?^
Q: What is the relationship between the speakers?
u10_2.1_10.mp3     A) Mother and son. B) Father and daughter. C) Brother and sister. D) Teacher and student. A
428 10 2.2 Who Is Smarter? M: I'm so much smarter than you are, I just don't know why you...^
W: Wait, what? You think you're smarter than I am?^
M: Well, I think that's more or less a given.
An IQ test would clearly show that...^
W: An IQ test?^
M: Let me finish. I'm not saying that I'm better than you, just that I have a higher intelligence than you, and an IQ test would show that.
I mean, you're not going to say that your IQ is higher than mine, are you?^
W: Of course not! But I have real doubts about what you consider intelligence.
Ask Mom and Dad who they think will do best in life and you'll see.
I just hope their answer doesn't offend you.^
M: Our parents always favor you. But what do you mean?^
W: I mean that they have a different idea about what makes for success.
True, you probably do have a higher IQ.
However, you are severely lacking in something called EQ, which shows emotional intelligence.
Face it, you are uncaring, temperamental, and all-together stupid as far as using your emotions go.
And you think you're smarter than me? Bah!
u10_2.2.mp3 1. What are the speakers talking about? u10_2.2q1.mp3 A) The information shown by an IQ test. B) The meaning of something called EQ. C) A parent favoring intelligence. D) A comparison of their intelligence. D
429 10 2.2       2. Why does the man think he's more intelligent than the woman? u10_2.2q2.mp3 A) He has taken an IQ test. B) He thinks his IQ is higher. C) He believes he is better. D) He has something called EQ. B
430 10 2.2       3. What does the woman disagree with? u10_2.2q3.mp3 A) Her dad and mom favoring her. B) Different ideas about intelligence. C) The man's concept of intelligence. D) The man's lacking of EQ. C
431 10 2.2       4. What can be inferred from the conversation? u10_2.2q4.mp3 A) The woman thinks her EQ is higher. B) The woman thinks her IQ is higher. C) The man doesn't think his EQ is higher. D) The man doesn't think his IQ is higher. A
432 10 2.2       5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? u10_2.2q5.mp3 A) Husband and wife. B) Brother and sister. C) Mother and son. D) Father and daughter. B
433 10 2.3 Emotional Intelligence A person with a bad result on an IQ test might feel like he has no future, that he is stupid beyond all hope.
Such a feeling, understandable because society gives high priority to a high IQ, is mistaken.
IQ is actually not the greatest method for predicting success in people.
This was shown by the work of two researchers.^
In the early 1990s, John D. Mayer and Peter Salovey published a series of papers on emotional intelligence, otherwise known as EQ.
They suggested that the capacity to perceive and understand emotions defines a new variable in personality.
The Mayer-Salovey model defines emotional intelligence as the capacity to understand emotional information and to reason using emotions.
More specifically, they divide emotional intelligence abilities into four areas -- in a four-branch model.
The first area is the capacity to accurately perceive emotions.
The second is the capacity to use emotions to facilitate thinking.
The third is the capacity to understand emotional meanings.
And the fourth is the capacity to manage emotions.
u10_2.3.mp3 1. What is this passage about? u10_2.3q1.mp3 A) The future one has based upon his IQ test. B) Methods for predicting success in people. C) New understanding brought to us by two researchers. D) People's capacity to perceive and understand emotions. C
434 10 2.3       2. Why do people have a strong feeling about IQ? u10_2.3q2.mp3 A) Because it is the greatest method for predicting success. B) Because it is held in high esteem by others in our society. C) Because it is shown in the work of two researchers. D) Because it is shown that people with a low score have no future. B
435 10 2.3       3. What can be inferred from the passage? u10_2.3q3.mp3 A) Bad results on IQ tests give people no hope. B) IQ tests are groundless and have no future. C) People are mistaken in thinking IQ is important. D) EQ is more important than IQ in predicting success. D
436 10 2.3       4. What did Mayer and Salovey suggest in their papers? u10_2.3q4.mp3 A) People have a capacity to perceive their own EQ. B) People have the capacity to understand emotional information. C) There are emotions that define our personalities. D) There is a part of personality that was previously unconsidered. D
437 10 2.3       5. What is the third branch of EQ? u10_2.3q5.mp3 A) The capacity to comprehend emotions. B) The capacity to manage emotions. C) The capacity to use emotions to facilitate thinking. D) The capacity to perceive emotions. A
438 10 2.4 Dream Research A: What's the latest in dream research? (Oh, there is so much.) It's still such a mystery, isn't it?^
B: It's a huge mystery. We can't tell exactly. There's a lot of argument about where the brain's working hardest during dreams, what initiates it?
So that's going to have to keep going on. We have to get more and more money for sleep research.
But what we have to deal with is how come, whatever is going on in our brains, how come our dreams help us to solve our problems?
When we go to sleep with a problem in our mind, we sometimes just wake up with a solution.
What's going on there?
We don't understand that.^
A: I wish I did. I don't seem to do that (You don't get enough sleep, Katie).
A lot of people don't remember their dreams so you have advice: keep a pen and paper at your bedside.
Before going to sleep, write down the date.
When you wake up, take your time and write out your dream.
I and my mom, we always say that we can't tell it before breakfast or it will come true, or sometimes you want to and (Aha) then repeat for the next few nights,
doing that, so you will remember (Yeah) and be able to discuss them and learn from them, right?^
B: Even if you have never remembered a dream -- and most of us have dreamt of falling and flying and being naked in public.^
A: Now, what does it mean when you, you dream your teeth fall out?^
B: Depends.
Most people who have that dream have pretty teeth, for one thing,
and if I ask them, the way you interpret your dream, is to say how do you feel in the dream?
What's wrong with that problem? And most people say, "Well, if I lose my teeth, I look bad."
So you ask yourself, the day before was there something I did or feared that I was gonna look bad, lose face?
u10_2.4.mp3 1. The field of dream research is something with a lot of new developments.
2. The location of brain activity during dreams _________ .
3. A necessary area of study _________ .
4. Writing down dreams _________ .
5. A person's emotion _________ .
6. Losing face _________ .
  is trying to figure out how dreams help in solving problems^is important in interpreting dreams^is something that should make one afraid^is lost if a person looks bad^is something a person might be afraid of^is something everyone should do^is something not known for sure       is something not known for sure^is trying to figure out how dreams help in solving problems^is something everyone should do^is important in interpreting dreams^is something a person might be afraid of
439 10 2.5 The EQ Test Two hundred of the 12,000 students that attend my school refused to take a simple EQ test.
While this number may seem insignificant to you, it's a big deal for me.
I never expected so many students to refuse.
Once the test was over, I asked the students why they didn't want to take it.
Many of them said that the test was too long.
During that time they'd rather do other things, like reading a book or studying for classes.
Some students said that tests caused them stress, and they wouldn't take any test that they weren't graded for.^
After talking to each student, I think that I convinced them that the EQ test was something that would help them a lot.
First, the test might show them something beneficial about themselves that they didn't know.
Second, the test could show them what areas of their personality they may want to try to improve.
And third, if the score is high, the test could boost their self-confidence.
u10_2.5.mp3 1^1^1   It takes time.@0^It shows something about oneself.@0@0   Reasons against the EQ test^Reasons for the EQ test   0@It causes stress.^0@It leads to personality improvement.@It can boost self-confidence.
440 10 2.6 My Generation People try to put us d-down (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^
Just because we get around (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^
Things they do look awful c-c-cold (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^
I hope I die before I get old (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^^
This is my generation^
This is my generation, baby^^
Why don't you all f-fade away (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^
And don't try to dig what we all s-s-say (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^
I'm not trying to cause a big s-s-sensation (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^
I'm just talkin' 'bout my g-g-g-generation (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^^
This is my generation^
This is my generation, baby^^
Why don't you all f-fade away (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^
And don't try to d-dig what we all s-s-say (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^
I'm not trying to cause a b-big s-s-sensation (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^
I'm just talkin' 'bout my g-g-generation (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^^
This is my generation^
This is my generation, baby^^
People try to put us d-down (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^
Just because we g-g-get around (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^
Things they do look awful c-c-cold (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^
Yeah, I hope I die before I get old (Talkin' 'bout my generation)^^
This is my generation^
This is my generation, baby...
u10_2.6.mp3              
441 10 3.1 Exception A: Hi, Steve! We're going to throw a party sometime next week.
Will you join us?^
B: I'd love to, but I have to work at a restaurant at night.^
A: You don't need to work on weekends, do you?^
B: I'm afraid I have to work on the weekend.
Actually I have to work every day except Thursday.
               
442 10 3.1   A: Hi! Long time no see.
How do you like your life in San Francisco?^
B: It's great. Life here is convenient and comfortable.
Everything is almost the same as in Shanghai apart from the weather.^
A: The weather? But the weather in San Francisco is supposed to be very pleasant.^
B: Yes, it is, but its summer is foggy and freezing.
Like Mark Twain said, "The coldest winter I ever spent was a summer in San Francisco."
               
443 10 3.1 Part and Whole A: Do you watch the TV series Ultraman?^
B: No, but some friends of mine highly recommend it.
They say it's superb.^
A: Yes, I really think you should watch it.^
B: But I've missed so much of it. I'm afraid it would be too hard for me to follow.^
A: Actually, each episode is fairly independent, so that wouldn't be a problem.
               
444 10 3.1   A: I'm calling to ask about the apartment you advertised in the newspaper.
How many bedrooms does it have?^
B: There are three bedrooms, two big ones and a small one.^
A: Good! Then how many bathrooms are there?^
B: Two bathrooms, one with a shower and the other with a bathtub.
               
445 10 3.1 Connection Between Parts A: Have you finished reading the book I gave you yesterday?^
B: Not yet. I've finished about two-thirds of it.^
A: How do you like it?^
B: It's the most exciting book I've ever read.^
A: You can say that again.
They say that over 90% of college students are crazy about it.
               
446 10 3.1   A: Professor Brown,
could you give me some examples to show the relationship between different parts in the food chain?^
B: Sure. As we all know, tigers feed on small animals such as rabbits,
which in turn feed on grass and other plants.^
A: Then what do grass and other plants live on?^
B: When animals die, their bodies will help the plants grow,
and you can see they are all connected in the food chain.
               
447 10 3.2 The EQ Test Two hundred of the 12,000 students that attend my school refused to take a simple EQ test.
While this number may seem insignificant to you, it's a big deal for me.
I never expected so many students to refuse.
Once the test was over, I asked the students why they didn't want to take it.
Many of them said that the test was too long.
During that time they'd rather do other things, like reading a book or studying for classes.
Some students said that tests caused them stress, and they wouldn't take any test that they weren't graded for.^
After talking to each student, I think that I convinced them that the EQ test was something that would help them a lot.
First, the test might show them something beneficial about themselves that they didn't know.
Second, the test could show them what areas of their personality they may want to try to improve.
And third, if the score is high, the test could boost their self-confidence.
u10_2.5.mp3     Taking the EQ test is better than not taking it.^The benefits of taking the EQ test are great.^Taking the EQ test is not something students should be bothered with.^From what I've heard, the EQ test is not worth the bother.        
448 10 3.3 EQ in Use A: People nowadays believe that Emotional Intelligence has proven to be a better predictor of future success than traditional methods like IQ and standardized test scores.^
B: Ridiculous. No doubt a top student with higher IQ, will have more success than other people.^
A: Well, you're wrong there. We've found that the smartest kid in the class often feels discouraged and disappointed in the face of setbacks.^
B: That's unbelievable! I thought...^
A: There's no arguing this.
These top students have been successful in their learning and their IQ is higher.
They fail not because of their IQ but because of their EQ.
They lack stress management, whereas people with a high EQ are more at ease as they are more flexible and can manage their stress well.^
B: The IQ has been used for years to measure people.
Surely it wouldn't have lasted so long if it didn't work at predicting success.^
A: People have always had doubts about the IQ.
The problem was that there wasn't a better method for measuring people before.
u10_3.3.mp3 What do you think of EQ? Is it better than IQ for predicting success?   New information about the EQ is truly exciting. I think it is great and better than IQ at predicting success. I would like to tell you why. IQ is more of an academic measure. It may show you how well a person is able to figure out the answer to a math problem or how quickly one is able to remember and recall information. These abilities are certainly helpful in life, but they are clearly not the most helpful. From my experience, the most successful people are those who are able to keep calm in the face of challenge. This is something that a person with a high EQ is able to do. A person with a high EQ is able to do other valuable things as well. For instance, he is able to recover after having faced setbacks. He is also more flexible. As technology does more of our calculating and mathematical problem solving, the abilities of a person with a high IQ are decreasing in importance. In contrast, EQ is on the rise. Given the great challenges of communicating with people around the world, a person who can be calm and communicate well is more valuable than ever before. If I were a manager, I'd much rather have a person like this -- one with a high EQ -- than a person with a high IQ. And if I had the choice between a high EQ and a high IQ, I'd choose EQ. I think a higher EQ would help me much more in life.        
449 10 4.1 The Differences Between IQ and EQ Hi. I'm Sebastian. I'm from Germany.
Um, the idea of IQ of a measure of your brain power has been around for a while,
but recently there's been this new idea of the EQ -- your emotional quotient.
And by now, it's actually almost being regarded as more important.
If you look at it, businesses will...
Well, they will prefer employing people with great EQ. Well, of course,
IQ cannot be disregarded, but um, EQ does have its importance as well.
Uh, I believe that, um,... I mean, people,... Most people will have,
um, their basic means of communicating with other people.
Most people are somewhat socially adept, and just like most people have,
you know, a basic general knowledge.
But then, what I think really is the difference between IQ and EQ...
I mean, you can have a "brainiac," and they will be great at most things they do,
but if you just can't get along with him, if you just can't communicate with him,
I mean, you know, he's not really that useful.^
Hello. I'm Desmond from Singapore, and today I would like to talk about EQ and IQ.
Uh, I think everyone now would agree that EQ is definitely more important than IQ.
Um, however, I mean, IQ is still important cause,
I mean, otherwise if you have really low IQ, you're like retarded, so you need to have...
You know, you need to be reasonable... reasonably smart, but not too smart.
Because I've got a friend, he's like, you know, really smart,
but he makes smart comments on people all the time, so nobody likes him.
Um, so I think if you, ah,... If you got good EQ, and you get along with people,
um, really know how to communicate with people, um, then you will become really successful.
And also, if you are... If you got good EQ,
you can hire those smart people with high IQ to work for you, if you become a boss, that is.^
Hi. This is Kim. I'm originally from Korea, and I was raised in California.
And today, we are going to talk about the differences between IQ and EQ --
um, IQ meaning your intelligence, EQ meaning your emotions.
Now, in... When I was a little, little boy in Korea, I had to take...
I think I'd taken like two or three IQ tests before the age of ten,
which is when I moved to California.
So, I guess we stress a lot of importance on intelligence, on having great IQ scores.
But after I moved to the States, I learned how to associate with people,
and along the lines that this word EQ came up, you know, emotional, caring about...
It's basically how you deal with people, how you make people feel, and how people make you feel.
I think they're equally as important,
but it seems that in the Eastern world they kind of stress on that a lot more back in the days.
But I think again, you know, now that with Internet and people are communicating so much faster,
there's a better mixture of the two I think.
There's a stress on EQ in Korea as well, and a stress on IQ in the States. Thank you.^
Hello. My name is Ted, and I'm from the United States of America.
Today, I'm going to talk a little bit about IQ or EQ --
which is most important, or which is more important.
Now, for a long time when I was growing up,
people said, "IQ. What's your IQ? Take an IQ test."
But then EQ, your emotions, how you interact with people, that became very important.
And I think they're... That people might be onto something with that,
because your EQ -- how you deal with people, how you interact with people -- is important.
Now, a big part of this, in my opinion, is listening.
I know I'm talking a lot right now,
but if you want to get along well with people, you have to listen to them,
so just take a minute, maybe shut your mouth for a minute, and listen to others,
and then you can understand and communicate with them in a better way.
So, part of EQ, I think, is listening -- listening to others -- and it can be more important than IQ.
              Sebastian.jpg^Desmond.jpg^Kim.jpg^Ted.jpg
450 10 4.2       Sebastian: Businesses tend to employ people with great EQ.
Desmond: Good EQ will help you get along with people and become successful.
Kim: IQ is more important than EQ.
Ted: Listening is an important part of EQ.
  T
T
F
T
      Sebastian1.jpg^Desmond1.jpg^Kim1.jpg^Ted1.jpg
451 10 4.3                    
452 10 5.1 An Interview W: Mr. Suzuki, thank you for coming today. Please have a seat.
I've looked over your resume and wanted to meet you to ask you a few questions.^
M: Thank you for asking me to come in.^
W: First, can you tell me a little about yourself?^
M: Certainly. I majored in English literature in college.
After graduating, I spent a full year in London, and then I worked for Fuji Bank for three years.
After that, I went to work for a trading company.
I'm an enthusiastic and self-motivated person.
I try very hard to be successful at work.
I can work well under pressure and enjoy doing work that challenges me.^
W: Then, why do you want to leave your present company?^
M: I do enjoy my job, but I believe I'm ready for more challenging work now.^
W: OK. What are your strong points?^
M: As I mentioned, I can work well under pressure and enjoy work that challenges me.^
W: And your weaknesses?^
M: I think I sometimes try to be over-organized.
So, I'm learning how to concentrate on the most important parts of my job.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. What do we know from the conversation?^
2. What does the man say about his education?^
3. When did the man start working for a trading company?^
4. What can be inferred from the conversation?^
5. Where is the conversation probably taking place?
u10_5.1.mp3     Q1: What do we know from the conversation?
Ans: C
Q2: What does the man say about his education?
Ans: D
Q3: When did the man start working for a trading company?
Ans: C
Q4: What can be inferred from the conversation?
Ans: A
Q5: Where is the conversation probably taking place?
Ans: A
       
453 10 5.2 How to Motivate Employees The difference between the employees' personal potential and their actual performance is what we call the Motivation Gap.
There are a couple of basic reasons why employees deliver less than their best at work.
We believe that employees:^
1. don't really expect to have to do their best and 2. their extra effort isn't appreciated or rewarded.^
Getting the employees to produce outstanding work has been regarded by many business people as some kind of great eternal mystery.
We can fully express the "secret" in three words beginning with the letter R.^
Responsibility^
Most people want to take responsibility for their work.
As humans, we draw much of our personal identity from our work.
Taking responsibility for our work heightens our sense of involvement and satisfaction.
It encourages people to do better work.
Responsibility is a motivator.^
Recognition^
While everyone who works for a living expects a decent pay cheque in return, there is nobody who doesn't also appreciate appreciation.
Praise will encourage employees to give their very best.^
Reward^
Sure, the employees are financially compensated for the work they do.
And the company rightfully expects good work from employees in return for their salaries.
But bonuses or extra rewards will give an incentive to employees to do more.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What is this passage about?^
2. What is the Motivation Gap?^
3. What can be inferred from the passage about its readers?^
4. What do most people want?^
5. What do companies expect?
u10_5.2.mp3     Q1: What is this passage about?
Ans: A
Q2: What is the Motivation Gap?
Ans: D
Q3: What can be inferred from the passage about its readers?
Ans: C
Q4: What do most people want?
Ans: B
Q5: What do companies expect?
Ans: A
       
454 10 5.3 Every Interaction Counts! We've been driving home the theme that one rarely gets second chances.
It's what you do with the first chance that counts.
And because customers always stand ready to judge, every interaction with a customer is yet again a first chance -- from which there may or may not be a second.
So, every interaction counts.^
While on a consulting assignment, a man flew to Central Florida to meet with the executives of Publix Super Markets.
While renting his car, he asked for directions to the nearest Publix.
The rental agent became excited.^
"Do you work for Publix?" she wanted to know.^
"No. I have an appointment at their offices."^
"Well, you tell them how much I like their stores," she said loudly.^
Hearing this exchange, another agent came to the counter.
She began singing the praises of Publix.^
"I love their stores! When I can't find something, the people who work there actually know where things are and they'll take you right to them."^
As if the proof wasn't enough already, a third rental car agent joined the rally.^
"I will tell you what I really like about Publix -- their people are friendly.
They say, 'good morning,' and 'thank you.'
They seem to be so happy. I go out of my way to shop at Publix.
There's a different grocery store near my house, but all that the employees do there is to grunt.
I drive right past it whenever I can and go straight to Publix."
u10_5.3.mp3     1) rarely
2) consulting
3) renting
4) agent
5) appointment
6) exchange
7) praises
8) the people who work there actually know where things are and they'll take you right to them
9) I will tell you what I really like about Publix
10) There's a different grocery store near my house, but all that the employees do there is to grunt.
       
455 10 5.4 Imitate the Speaker Reading is a pleasure of the mind, which means that it is a little like a sport: Your eagerness and knowledge and quickness make you a good reader.
Reading is fun, not because the writer is telling you something, but because it makes you mind work.
Your own imagination work along with the author's or even goes beyond his.
Your experience, compared with his, brings you to the same or different conclusions, and your ideas develop as you understand his.^^
From "The Pleasure of Reading"
u10_5.4.mp3              

posted on 2013-05-15 23:38  xy2401  阅读(4696)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报

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