ubuntu中防火墙iptables配置

特别说明:此文章完全转载于https://www.cnblogs.com/EasonJim/p/6851007.html

1.查看系统是否安装防火墙

root@localhost:/usr# which iptables
/sbin/iptables
root@localhost:/usr# whereis iptables
iptables: /sbin/iptables /etc/iptables /usr/share/iptables /usr/share/man/man8/iptables.8.gz

如果是这样的信息,那么表明iptables就是安装了的。
如果没有安装,那么使用sudo apt-get install iptables 安装。

2.查看防火墙的配置信息

配置好了的,是这个样子。

root@localhost:/usr# sudo iptables -L
Chain INPUT (policy DROP)
target     prot opt source               destination
ACCEPT     all  --  anywhere             anywhere
ACCEPT     all  --  anywhere             anywhere             state RELATED,ESTABLISHED
ACCEPT     tcp  --  anywhere             anywhere             state NEW tcp dpt: 22
ACCEPT     tcp  --  anywhere             anywhere             state NEW tcp dpt:http
ACCEPT     icmp --  anywhere             anywhere             limit: avg 100/sec burst 100
ACCEPT     icmp --  anywhere             anywhere             limit: avg 1/sec burst 10
syn-flood  tcp  --  anywhere             anywhere             tcp flags:FIN,SYN,RST,ACK/SYN
REJECT     all  --  anywhere             anywhere             reject-with icmp-host-prohibited

Chain FORWARD (policy ACCEPT)
target     prot opt source               destination

Chain OUTPUT (policy ACCEPT)
target     prot opt source               destination

Chain syn-flood (1 references)
target     prot opt source               destination
RETURN     tcp  --  anywhere             anywhere             limit: avg 3/sec burst 6
REJECT     all  --  anywhere             anywhere             reject-with icmp-port-unreachable

3.新建规则文件

mkdir /etc/iptables #先新建目录,本身无此目录
vim /etc/iptables/rules.v4

/etc/iptables/rules.v4 中的内容是

*filter
:INPUT DROP [0:0]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
:syn-flood - [0:0]
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p icmp -m limit --limit 100/sec --limit-burst 100 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p icmp -m limit --limit 1/s --limit-burst 10 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --tcp-flags FIN,SYN,RST,ACK SYN -j syn-flood
-A INPUT -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
-A syn-flood -p tcp -m limit --limit 3/sec --limit-burst 6 -j RETURN
-A syn-flood -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-port-unreachable
COMMIT

4.使防火墙生效

iptables-restore < /etc/iptables/rules.v4

5.创建文件,添加以下内容,使防火墙开机启动

vim /etc/network/if-pre-up.d/iptables
#!/bin/bash
iptables-restore < /etc/iptables/rules.v4

6.添加执行权限

chmod +x /etc/network/if-pre-up.d/iptables

7.查看规则是否生效

iptables -L -n

Ubuntu中没有直接停止关闭iptables的命令,像service iptables stop这类命令,是centos才有的。关闭的话,可以暂时开放所有端口作为替代方案

iptables -P INPUT ACCEPT  
iptables -P OUTPUT ACCEPT  

还可以参考https://blog.csdn.net/langsim/article/details/42644451



作者:yangyangrenren
链接:https://www.jianshu.com/p/6fe337cedbcb
来源:简书
简书著作权归作者所有,任何形式的转载都请联系作者获得授权并注明出处。
posted @ 2019-05-06 16:41  坤霸天下  阅读(20653)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报