kapacitor的安装及部分常用命令

Kapacitor 是一个开源框架,用来处理、监控和警告时间序列数据,它使用 TICKscript 脚本来定义任务。Kapacitor是InfluxData开源的数据处理引擎。它可以处理来自InfluxDB的流数据和批处理数据,可以周期性将InfluxDB中的数据汇总、处理后再输出到InfluxDB当中,或者告警(支持Email、HTTP、TCP、 HipChat, OpsGenie, Alerta, Sensu, PagerDuty, Slack等多种方式)。

一.安装

修改kapacitor.conf文件中的参数data_dir和[logging]的路径,重启报错,错误如下:

[XXXXXXXX kapacitor]# systemctl status kapacitor
● kapacitor.service - Time series data processing engine.
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/kapacitor.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: failed (Result: start-limit) since Fri 2019-01-29 15:17:42 CST; 312ms ago
     Docs: https://github.com/influxdb/kapacitor
  Process: 28842 ExecStart=/usr/bin/kapacitord -config /etc/kapacitor/kapacitor.conf $KAPACITOR_OPTS (code=exited, status=1/FAILURE)
 Main PID: 28842 (code=exited, status=1/FAILURE)

Jan 29 15:17:42  systemd[1]: Unit kapacitor.service entered failed state.
Jan 29 15:17:42  systemd[1]: kapacitor.service failed.
Jan 29 15:17:42  systemd[1]: kapacitor.service holdoff time over, scheduling restart.
Jan 29 15:17:42  systemd[1]: Stopped Time series data processing engine..
Jan 29 15:17:42  systemd[1]: start request repeated too quickly for kapacitor.service
Jan 29 15:17:42  systemd[1]: Failed to start Time series data processing engine..
Jan 29 15:17:42  systemd[1]: Unit kapacitor.service entered failed state.
Jan 29 15:17:42  systemd[1]: kapacitor.service failed.
查看service 文件/usr/lib/systemd/system/kapacitor.service,发现启动账号为kapacitor。

 解决方案:对替换的文件授权即可

chown -R kapacitor:kapacitor data 

chown -R kapacitor:kapacitor logs

 2.调试报错

调试命令如下:

kapacitor record stream -task cpu_alert -duration 60s

报错信息:

failed to create recording file: open /var/lib/kapacitor/replay/119w1985-0101-120c-83b0-c9XXXXXXXXX.srpl: permission denied

查看报错文件的权限

 解决方案:

chown -R kapacitor:kapacitor replay

3.log过多过大,调试log打印级别

上线运行一周发现kapacitor.log有4G,过多过大。

4.服务的开启/关闭/查看

启动服务

systemctl start kapacitor.service

关闭服务

systemctl stop kapacitor.service

查看服务状态

systemctl status kapacitor.service

5.部分命令

查看已部署的task

kapacitor list tasks

如果需要调整代码,在TICKscript文件中直接编辑。调整后,重新生成task

例如某id为cpu_alert的tick

kapacitor define cpu_alert -tick cpu_alert.tick

 6. bach类型的task 注意没有-duration 参数

例如:

 kapacitor record batch -task XXXXX -duration 60s

报错信息如下:

flag provided but not defined: -duration

解释如下:

Usage: kapacitor record batch [options]

        Record the result of a InfluxDB query from a task.

        Prints the recording ID on exit.

        See 'kapacitor help replay' for how to replay a recording.

Examples:

        $ kapacitor record batch -task cpu_idle -start 2015-09-01T00:00:00Z -stop 2015-09-02T00:00:00Z

                This records the result of the query defined in task 'cpu_idle' and runs the query
                until the queries reaches the stop time, starting at time 'start' and incrementing
                by the schedule defined in the task.

        $ kapacitor record batch -task cpu_idle -past 10h

                This records the result of the query defined in task 'cpu_idle' and runs the query
                until the queries reaches the present time.
                The starting time for the queries is 'now - 10h' and increments by the schedule defined in the task.

Options:

  -no-wait
        Do not wait for the recording to finish.
  -past string
        Set start time via 'now - past'.
  -recording-id string
        The ID to give to this recording. If not set an random ID is chosen.
  -start string
        The start time for the set of queries.
  -stop string
        The stop time for the set of queries (default now).
  -task string
        The ID of a task. Uses the queries contained in the task.

参考资料

https://docs.influxdata.com/kapacitor/v1.5/introduction/getting-started/#test-the-task

posted @ 2021-06-06 20:08  东山絮柳仔  阅读(59)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报