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关于ASP.NET 将数据导出成Excel 的总结[中]

直接将DataSet 输出成 Excel,这样解决了网格控件只显示分页的部分数据的问题。

Introduction

I did this when I wanted to do a quick export of an entire DataSet (multiple tables) to Excel. I didn't add any additional customization to the fields, but I did want to make sure that dates, boolean, numbers, and text were all formatted correctly.

This code does that.

At some point, I'd like to make a GridView type component that would allow me to detail more about each item. For example, my latest project required me to make a column formatted with a given barcode font ("Free 3 of 9") that required that I put an * before and after the item number. The solution below doesn't make this easy to do, though... So yeah, not perfect. If anyone else has done something like this, let me know :)

For importing Excel to XML, see this post.

NOTE: This method does NOT require Excel to be installed on the Server.

Background

I prefer to see each table in the DataSet to be named.

ds.Tables[0].TableName = "Colors";
ds.Tables[1].TableName = "Shapes";

I changed it to allow you to pass in a List<Table> in case you don't put them in a DataSet. No big deal either way.

Why did I use an XmlTextWriter when I seem to be only using the WriteRaw? I wanted to be able to have it fix any special characters with the "x.WriteString(row[i].ToString());". Note, this still may have problems with certain characters, since I haven't tested it much.

Using the Code

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;
using System.Text;
using System.Xml;

public void Convert(DataSet ds, string fileName) {
    Convert(ds.Tables, fileName);
}
public void Convert(IEnumerable tables, string fileName) {
    Response.ClearContent();
    Response.ClearHeaders();
    Response.Buffer = true;
    Response.Charset = "";
    Response.ContentType = "application/vnd.ms-excel";
    Response.AddHeader("content-disposition"
             "attachment; filename=" + fileName + ".xls");

    using (XmlTextWriter x = new XmlTextWriter(Response.OutputStream, Encoding.UTF8)) {
        int sheetNumber = 0;
        x.WriteRaw("<?xml version=\"1.0\"?><?mso-application progid=\"Excel.Sheet\"?>");
        x.WriteRaw("<Workbook xmlns=\"urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:spreadsheet\" ");
        x.WriteRaw("xmlns:o=\"urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office\" ");
        x.WriteRaw("xmlns:x=\"urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:excel\">");
        x.WriteRaw("<Styles><Style ss:ID='sText'>" + 
                   "<NumberFormat ss:Format='@'/></Style>");
        x.WriteRaw("<Style ss:ID='sDate'><NumberFormat" + 
                   " ss:Format='[$-409]m/d/yy\\ h:mm\\ AM/PM;@'/>");
        x.WriteRaw("</Style></Styles>");
        foreach (DataTable dt in tables) {
            sheetNumber++;
            string sheetName = !string.IsNullOrEmpty(dt.TableName) ? 
                   dt.TableName : "Sheet" + sheetNumber.ToString();
            x.WriteRaw("<Worksheet ss:Name='" + sheetName + "'>");
            x.WriteRaw("<Table>");
            string[] columnTypes = new string[dt.Columns.Count];

            for (int i = 0; i < dt.Columns.Count; i++) {
                string colType = dt.Columns[i].DataType.ToString().ToLower();

                if (colType.Contains("datetime")) {
                    columnTypes[i] = "DateTime";
                    x.WriteRaw("<Column ss:StyleID='sDate'/>");

                } else if (colType.Contains("string")) {
                    columnTypes[i] = "String";
                    x.WriteRaw("<Column ss:StyleID='sText'/>");

                } else {
                    x.WriteRaw("<Column />");

                    if (colType.Contains("boolean")) {
                        columnTypes[i] = "Boolean";
                    } else {
                        //default is some kind of number.
                        columnTypes[i] = "Number";
                    }

                }
            }
            //column headers
            x.WriteRaw("<Row>");
            foreach (DataColumn col in dt.Columns) {
                x.WriteRaw("<Cell ss:StyleID='sText'><Data ss:Type='String'>");
                x.WriteRaw(col.ColumnName);
                x.WriteRaw("</Data></Cell>");
            }
            x.WriteRaw("</Row>");
            //data
            bool missedNullColumn = false;
            foreach (DataRow row in dt.Rows) {
                x.WriteRaw("<Row>");
                for (int i = 0; i < dt.Columns.Count; i++) {
                    if (!row.IsNull(i)) {
                        if (missedNullColumn) {
                            int displayIndex = i + 1;
                            x.WriteRaw("<Cell ss:Index='" + displayIndex.ToString() + 
                                       "'><Data ss:Type='" + 
                                       columnTypes[i] + "'>");
                            missedNullColumn = false;
                        } else {
                            x.WriteRaw("<Cell><Data ss:Type='" + 
                                       columnTypes[i] + "'>");
                        }

                        switch (columnTypes[i]) {
                            case "DateTime":
                                x.WriteRaw(((DateTime)row[i]).ToString("s"));
                                break;
                            case "Boolean":
                                x.WriteRaw(((bool)row[i]) ? "1" : "0");
                                break;
                            case "String":
                                x.WriteString(row[i].ToString());
                                break;
                            default:
                                x.WriteString(row[i].ToString());
                                break;
                        }

                        x.WriteRaw("</Data></Cell>");
                    } else {
                        missedNullColumn = true;
                    }
                }
                x.WriteRaw("</Row>");
            }
            x.WriteRaw("</Table></Worksheet>");
        }
        x.WriteRaw("</Workbook>");
    }
    Response.End();
}
来源:http://www.codeproject.com/KB/office/OutputDatasetToExcel.aspx

我将这段代码和上一篇《关于ASP.NET 将数据导出成Excel 的总结[上]》中的代码结合起来,做了一个比较完善的Demo,使用起来还是很不错的。

Demo下载

posted on 2011-09-26 14:09 钢钢 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏

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