Spring整合Quartz实现动态定时器

一、版本说明

 spring3.1以下的版本必须使用quartz1.x系列,3.1以上的版本才支持quartz 2.x,不然会出错。 

原因:spring对于quartz的支持实现,org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.CronTriggerBean继承了org.quartz.CronTrigger,在quartz1.x系列中org.quartz.CronTrigger是个类,而在quartz2.x系列中org.quartz.CronTrigger变成了接口,从而造成无法用spring的方式配置quartz的触发器(trigger)

此示例所选版本:spring版本号3.0.7.RELEASE,quartz版本1.8.6

 

二、添加jar包

我的是maven工程,pom.xml相关配置如下: 

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <spring.version>3.0.7.RELEASE</spring.version>
        <quartz.version>1.8.6</quartz.version>
    </properties>

 

     <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
            <exclusions>
                <!-- Exclude Commons Logging in favor of SLF4j -->
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>commons-logging</groupId>
                    <artifactId>commons-logging</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
            </exclusions>
        </dependency>

        <dependency><!--3.0.7没这个包 -->
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-orm</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
            <type>jar</type>
            <scope>compile</scope>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
            <type>jar</type>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>

 

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.quartz-scheduler</groupId>
            <artifactId>quartz</artifactId>
            <version>${quartz.version}</version>
        </dependency>

 

三、整合实现

1、spring配置

spring只需要添加quartz调度工厂bean就可以了

<bean id="schedulerFactoryBean" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.SchedulerFactoryBean" />

 

2、定时器工作类实现

定义定时器作业类,该类继承自job类

package com.ld.nhmz.quartz;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;

import org.quartz.Job;
import org.quartz.JobExecutionContext;
import org.quartz.JobExecutionException;

/**
 * quartz示例定时器类
 * 
 * @author Administrator
 * 
 */
public class QuartzJobExample implements Job {
    @Override
    public void execute(JobExecutionContext arg0) throws JobExecutionException {
        System.out.println(new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss").format(new Date()) + "★★★★★★★★★★★");
    }
}

 定义定时器管理类

package com.ld.nhmz.quartz;

import org.quartz.CronTrigger;
import org.quartz.JobDetail;
import org.quartz.Scheduler;

/**
 * Quartz调度管理器
 * 
 * @author Administrator
 * 
 */
public class QuartzManager {
    private static String JOB_GROUP_NAME = "EXTJWEB_JOBGROUP_NAME";
    private static String TRIGGER_GROUP_NAME = "EXTJWEB_TRIGGERGROUP_NAME";

    /**
     * @Description: 添加一个定时任务,使用默认的任务组名,触发器名,触发器组名
     * 
     * @param sched
     *            调度器
     * 
     * @param jobName
     *            任务名
     * @param cls
     *            任务
     * @param time
     *            时间设置,参考quartz说明文档
     * 
     * @Title: QuartzManager.java
     */
    public static void addJob(Scheduler sched, String jobName, @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes") Class cls, String time) {
        try {
            JobDetail jobDetail = new JobDetail(jobName, JOB_GROUP_NAME, cls);// 任务名,任务组,任务执行类
            // 触发器
            CronTrigger trigger = new CronTrigger(jobName, TRIGGER_GROUP_NAME);// 触发器名,触发器组
            trigger.setCronExpression(time);// 触发器时间设定
            sched.scheduleJob(jobDetail, trigger);
            // 启动
            if (!sched.isShutdown()) {
                sched.start();
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @Description: 添加一个定时任务
     * 
     * @param sched
     *            调度器
     * 
     * @param jobName
     *            任务名
     * @param jobGroupName
     *            任务组名
     * @param triggerName
     *            触发器名
     * @param triggerGroupName
     *            触发器组名
     * @param jobClass
     *            任务
     * @param time
     *            时间设置,参考quartz说明文档
     * 
     * @Title: QuartzManager.java
     */
    public static void addJob(Scheduler sched, String jobName, String jobGroupName, String triggerName, String triggerGroupName, @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes") Class jobClass, String time) {
        try {
            JobDetail jobDetail = new JobDetail(jobName, jobGroupName, jobClass);// 任务名,任务组,任务执行类
            // 触发器
            CronTrigger trigger = new CronTrigger(triggerName, triggerGroupName);// 触发器名,触发器组
            trigger.setCronExpression(time);// 触发器时间设定
            sched.scheduleJob(jobDetail, trigger);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @Description: 修改一个任务的触发时间(使用默认的任务组名,触发器名,触发器组名)
     * 
     * @param sched
     *            调度器
     * @param jobName
     * @param time
     * 
     * @Title: QuartzManager.java
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
    public static void modifyJobTime(Scheduler sched, String jobName, String time) {
        try {
            CronTrigger trigger = (CronTrigger) sched.getTrigger(jobName, TRIGGER_GROUP_NAME);
            if (trigger == null) {
                return;
            }
            String oldTime = trigger.getCronExpression();
            if (!oldTime.equalsIgnoreCase(time)) {
                JobDetail jobDetail = sched.getJobDetail(jobName, JOB_GROUP_NAME);
                Class objJobClass = jobDetail.getJobClass();
                removeJob(sched, jobName);
                addJob(sched, jobName, objJobClass, time);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @Description: 修改一个任务的触发时间
     * 
     * @param sched
     *            调度器 *
     * @param sched
     *            调度器
     * @param triggerName
     * @param triggerGroupName
     * @param time
     * 
     * @Title: QuartzManager.java
     */
    public static void modifyJobTime(Scheduler sched, String triggerName, String triggerGroupName, String time) {
        try {
            CronTrigger trigger = (CronTrigger) sched.getTrigger(triggerName, triggerGroupName);
            if (trigger == null) {
                return;
            }
            String oldTime = trigger.getCronExpression();
            if (!oldTime.equalsIgnoreCase(time)) {
                CronTrigger ct = (CronTrigger) trigger;
                // 修改时间
                ct.setCronExpression(time);
                // 重启触发器
                sched.resumeTrigger(triggerName, triggerGroupName);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @Description: 移除一个任务(使用默认的任务组名,触发器名,触发器组名)
     * 
     * @param sched
     *            调度器
     * @param jobName
     * 
     * @Title: QuartzManager.java
     */
    public static void removeJob(Scheduler sched, String jobName) {
        try {
            sched.pauseTrigger(jobName, TRIGGER_GROUP_NAME);// 停止触发器
            sched.unscheduleJob(jobName, TRIGGER_GROUP_NAME);// 移除触发器
            sched.deleteJob(jobName, JOB_GROUP_NAME);// 删除任务
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @Description: 移除一个任务
     * 
     * @param sched
     *            调度器
     * @param jobName
     * @param jobGroupName
     * @param triggerName
     * @param triggerGroupName
     * 
     * @Title: QuartzManager.java
     */
    public static void removeJob(Scheduler sched, String jobName, String jobGroupName, String triggerName, String triggerGroupName) {
        try {
            sched.pauseTrigger(triggerName, triggerGroupName);// 停止触发器
            sched.unscheduleJob(triggerName, triggerGroupName);// 移除触发器
            sched.deleteJob(jobName, jobGroupName);// 删除任务
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @Description:启动所有定时任务
     * 
     * @param sched
     *            调度器
     * 
     * @Title: QuartzManager.java
     */
    public static void startJobs(Scheduler sched) {
        try {
            sched.start();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * @Description:关闭所有定时任务
     * 
     * 
     * @param sched
     *            调度器
     * 
     * 
     * @Title: QuartzManager.java
     */
    public static void shutdownJobs(Scheduler sched) {
        try {
            if (!sched.isShutdown()) {
                sched.shutdown();
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }
}

 测试代码,这里SchedulerFactory没有使用spring中配置的bean,而是new出来的,做测试用

package com.ld.nhmz.quartz.test;

import org.junit.Test;
import org.quartz.Scheduler;
import org.quartz.SchedulerFactory;
import org.quartz.impl.StdSchedulerFactory;

import com.ld.nhmz.quartz.QuartzJobExample;
import com.ld.nhmz.quartz.QuartzManager;

/**
 * @Description: 测试类
 * 
 * @ClassName: QuartzTest.java
 */
public class QuartzTest {
    @Test
    public void quartz() {
        try {
            SchedulerFactory gSchedulerFactory = new StdSchedulerFactory();
            Scheduler sche = gSchedulerFactory.getScheduler();
            String job_name = "动态任务调度";
            System.out.println("【系统启动】开始(每1秒输出一次)...");
            QuartzManager.addJob(sche, job_name, QuartzJobExample.class, "0/1 * * * * ?");

            Thread.sleep(3000);
            System.out.println("【修改时间】开始(每2秒输出一次)...");
            QuartzManager.modifyJobTime(sche, job_name, "10/2 * * * * ?");
            Thread.sleep(4000);
            System.out.println("【移除定时】开始...");
            QuartzManager.removeJob(sche, job_name);
            System.out.println("【移除定时】成功");

            System.out.println("【再次添加定时任务】开始(每10秒输出一次)...");
            QuartzManager.addJob(sche, job_name, QuartzJobExample.class, "*/10 * * * * ?");
            Thread.sleep(30000);
            System.out.println("【移除定时】开始...");
            QuartzManager.removeJob(sche, job_name);
            System.out.println("【移除定时】成功");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

 显示结果:

spring Control层代码中实现定时器管理

 

posted @ 2016-09-07 17:16  五指少年  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏