CentOS安装vim

VMware下CentOS安装成功后,默认自带vi,但vi功能没vim丰富。以下为CentOS中安装vim:

用yum产看源中的vim安装包:

[xi@localhost ~]$ yum search vim
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: ftp.jaist.ac.jp
 * extras: ftp.jaist.ac.jp
 * updates: ftp.jaist.ac.jp
=============================== N/S matched: vim ===============================
golang-vim.noarch : Vim plugins for Go
protobuf-vim.x86_64 : Vim syntax highlighting for Google Protocol Buffers
                    : descriptions
vim-X11.x86_64 : The VIM version of the vi editor for the X Window System
vim-common.x86_64 : The common files needed by any version of the VIM editor
vim-enhanced.x86_64 : A version of the VIM editor which includes recent
                    : enhancements
vim-filesystem.x86_64 : VIM filesystem layout
vim-minimal.x86_64 : A minimal version of the VIM editor

  Name and summary matches only, use "search all" for everything.

其中,vim编辑器需要安装三个包

vim-enhanced-7.0.109-7.el5
vim-minimal-7.0.109-7.el5
vim-common-7.0.109-7.el5

1. 查看本机已存在的vim包,确认一下vim包是否已经安装:

[xi@localhost ~]$ rpm -qa|grep vim
vim-minimal-7.4.160-1.el7.x86_64
vim-filesystem-7.4.160-1.el7.x86_64
vim-common-7.4.160-1.el7.x86_64
vim-enhanced-7.4.160-1.el7.x86_64

2.如果未出现以上的安装包,执行以下命令即可完成vim包的安装:

$ yum -y install vim*

3.测试vim包是否安装成功:

[xi@localhost ~]$ vim --version
VIM - Vi IMproved 7.4 (2013 Aug 10, compiled Jun 10 2014 06:55:55)

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P.S. vim编辑器环境配置:

是在用户登录的~目录下创建一个 .vimrc文件,在其中进行自己习惯的编程环境的设置,这样当别的用户使用时并不相互影响。

[xi@localhost ~]$ cd ~
[xi@localhost ~]$ ls
Desktop  Documents  Downloads  Music  Pictures  Public  Templates  Videos
[xi@localhost ~]$ touch .vimrc
[xi@localhost ~]$ vim .vimrc

在.vimr c文件中输入以下内容:

set nu // 设置显示行号 
set showmode //设置在命令行界面最下面显示当前模式等。
set ruler //设置在右下角显示光标所在的行数等信息   
set autoindent // 设置每次单击Enter键后,光标移动到下一行时与上一行的起始字符对>齐
syntax on // 即设置语法检测,当编辑C或者Shell脚本时,关键字会用特殊颜色显示
posted @ 2016-04-18 15:27  xixihuang  阅读(16050)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报