Spring Boot切换为APR模式

Spring Boot内置了tomcat容器,直接运行Application就可以启动web服务器。

在tomcat中提供了三种方式:BIO、NIO、APR。

BIO

tomcat7以下的版本都是BIO,就是一个请求是一个独立的线程。不能适用高并发的场景。

NIO

在8以上的版本,默认都是NIO

APR

APR是一种基于JNI的文件和网络读写模式,现在很多高版本的tomcat,都默认走它了。

在tomcat中配置,很好配置,直接修改protocol就可以了。但是在spring boot中,配置是在Java代码中写的。

下面是配置的代码:

import org.apache.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener;
import org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.EmbeddedServletContainerFactory;
import org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.tomcat.TomcatEmbeddedServletContainerFactory;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

@Configuration
public class APRConfig {
    // https://docs.spring.io/spring-boot/docs/1.5.6.RELEASE/reference/htmlsingle/#howto-discover-build-in-options-for-external-properties
    @Bean
    public EmbeddedServletContainerFactory servletContainer() {
        TomcatEmbeddedServletContainerFactory tomcat = new TomcatEmbeddedServletContainerFactory();
        tomcat.setProtocol("org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11AprProtocol");
        tomcat.addContextLifecycleListeners(new AprLifecycleListener());
        return tomcat;
    }
}

配置完启动,有可能会报错:

2018-06-06 16:21:44,891 [main] ERROR org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService:181 - Failed to start connector [Connector[org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11AprProtocol-8104]]
org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to initialize component [Connector[org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11AprProtocol-8104]]
	at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.init(LifecycleBase.java:112)
	at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:140)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.addConnector(StandardService.java:225)
	at org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.tomcat.TomcatEmbeddedServletContainer.addPreviouslyRemovedConnectors(TomcatEmbeddedServletContainer.java:250)
	at org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.tomcat.TomcatEmbeddedServletContainer.start(TomcatEmbeddedServletContainer.java:193)
	at org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.EmbeddedWebApplicationContext.startEmbeddedServletContainer(EmbeddedWebApplicationContext.java:297)
	at org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.EmbeddedWebApplicationContext.finishRefresh(EmbeddedWebApplicationContext.java:145)
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:546)
	at org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.EmbeddedWebApplicationContext.refresh(EmbeddedWebApplicationContext.java:122)
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:693)
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refreshContext(SpringApplication.java:360)
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:303)
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1118)
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1107)
	at xxx.Application.main(Application.java:17)
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
	at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
	at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
	at org.springframework.boot.loader.MainMethodRunner.run(MainMethodRunner.java:48)
	at org.springframework.boot.loader.Launcher.launch(Launcher.java:87)
	at org.springframework.boot.loader.Launcher.launch(Launcher.java:50)
	at org.springframework.boot.loader.JarLauncher.main(JarLauncher.java:51)
Caused by: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: The configured protocol [org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11AprProtocol] requires the APR/native library which is not available
	at org.apache.catalina.connector.Connector.initInternal(Connector.java:981)
	at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.init(LifecycleBase.java:107)
	... 22 common frames omitted

此时你需要在启动spring boot的服务器上安装tomcat-native和apr的模块。可以参考下面的参考文章

参考

posted @ 2018-06-06 16:37  xingoo  阅读(8022)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报