一、创建导出CSV用的存储过程

CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE SQL_TO_CSV
(
P_QUERY IN VARCHAR2, -- PLSQL文
P_DIR IN VARCHAR2, -- 导出的文件放置目录
P_FILENAME IN VARCHAR2 -- CSV名
)
IS
L_OUTPUT UTL_FILE.FILE_TYPE;
L_THECURSOR INTEGER DEFAULT DBMS_SQL.OPEN_CURSOR;
L_COLUMNVALUE VARCHAR2(4000);
L_STATUS INTEGER;
L_COLCNT NUMBER := 0;
L_SEPARATOR VARCHAR2(1);
L_DESCTBL DBMS_SQL.DESC_TAB;
P_MAX_LINESIZE NUMBER := 32000;
BEGIN
--OPEN FILE
L_OUTPUT := UTL_FILE.FOPEN(P_DIR, P_FILENAME, 'W', P_MAX_LINESIZE);
--DEFINE DATE FORMAT
EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET NLS_DATE_FORMAT=''YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS''';
--OPEN CURSOR
DBMS_SQL.PARSE(L_THECURSOR, P_QUERY, DBMS_SQL.NATIVE);
DBMS_SQL.DESCRIBE_COLUMNS(L_THECURSOR, L_COLCNT, L_DESCTBL);
--DUMP TABLE COLUMN NAME
FOR I IN 1 .. L_COLCNT LOOP
UTL_FILE.PUT(L_OUTPUT,L_SEPARATOR || '"' || L_DESCTBL(I).COL_NAME || '"'); --输出表字段
DBMS_SQL.DEFINE_COLUMN(L_THECURSOR, I, L_COLUMNVALUE, 4000);
L_SEPARATOR := ',';
END LOOP;
UTL_FILE.NEW_LINE(L_OUTPUT); --输出表字段
--EXECUTE THE QUERY STATEMENT
L_STATUS := DBMS_SQL.EXECUTE(L_THECURSOR);

--DUMP TABLE COLUMN VALUE
WHILE (DBMS_SQL.FETCH_ROWS(L_THECURSOR) > 0) LOOP
L_SEPARATOR := '';
FOR I IN 1 .. L_COLCNT LOOP
DBMS_SQL.COLUMN_VALUE(L_THECURSOR, I, L_COLUMNVALUE);
UTL_FILE.PUT(L_OUTPUT,
L_SEPARATOR || '"' ||
TRIM(BOTH ' ' FROM REPLACE(L_COLUMNVALUE, '"', '""')) || '"');
L_SEPARATOR := ',';
END LOOP;
UTL_FILE.NEW_LINE(L_OUTPUT);
END LOOP;
--CLOSE CURSOR
DBMS_SQL.CLOSE_CURSOR(L_THECURSOR);
--CLOSE FILE
UTL_FILE.FCLOSE(L_OUTPUT);
EXCEPTION
WHEN OTHERS THEN
RAISE;

END;

二、执行存储过程

1、创建导出directory

create or replace directory OUT_PATH as '/u03/backup/oracle/dump';

2、执行导出CSV的存储工程

EXEC sql_to_csv('select * from DSJ_ZXJC_ZBYQ_XY','OUT_PATH','ODS_MDS.DSJ_ZXJC_ZBYQ_XY.csv');

 posted on 2020-08-16 09:50  xibuhaohao  阅读(1519)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报