Springboot-logback日志管理

概述:

  本内容均为查阅网上大牛资料,整理汇总实践通过后形成的个人笔记,如有相同,实属正常!!(PS:贵在分享)

1、logback使用的jar版本:

        <dependency>
                <groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
                <artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
                <version>1.2.3</version>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
                <artifactId>logback-core</artifactId>
                <version>1.2.3</version>
            </dependency>

2、logback日志管理分为文本配置和数据库配置:

2.1、文本配置

文本配置主要用到SizeAndTimeBasedRollingPolicy,尽量不要用TimeBasedRollingPolicy和SizeBasedTriggeringPolicy组合,否则造成文件无法正确切割;

参考配置:

<!-- 按照每天生成日志文件 -->
    <appender name="FILE"  class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
        <rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.SizeAndTimeBasedRollingPolicy">
            <!--日志文件输出的文件名-->
            <FileNamePattern>${LOG_HOME}/taxmgr.log.%d{yyyy-MM-dd}.%i.log</FileNamePattern>
            <!--日志文件保留天数-->
            <MaxHistory>30</MaxHistory>
            <!--日志大小-->
            <maxFileSize>10MB</maxFileSize>
        </rollingPolicy>
        <encoder class="ch.qos.logback.classic.encoder.PatternLayoutEncoder">
            <!--格式化输出:%d表示日期,%thread表示线程名,%-5level:级别从左显示5个字符宽度%msg:日志消息,%n是换行符-->
            <pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{50} - %msg%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>

2.2、数据库配置

需要新建数据库表,MySql脚本如下:

BEGIN;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS logging_event_property;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS logging_event_exception;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS logging_event;
COMMIT;
 
BEGIN;
CREATE TABLE logging_event 
  (
    timestmp         BIGINT NOT NULL,
    formatted_message  TEXT NOT NULL,
    logger_name       VARCHAR(254) NOT NULL,
    level_string      VARCHAR(254) NOT NULL,
    thread_name       VARCHAR(254),
    reference_flag    SMALLINT,
    arg0              VARCHAR(254),
    arg1              VARCHAR(254),
    arg2              VARCHAR(254),
    arg3              VARCHAR(254),
    caller_filename   VARCHAR(254) NOT NULL,
    caller_class      VARCHAR(254) NOT NULL,
    caller_method     VARCHAR(254) NOT NULL,
    caller_line       CHAR(4) NOT NULL,
    event_id          BIGINT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY
  );
COMMIT;
 
 
BEGIN;
CREATE TABLE logging_event_property
  (
    event_id       BIGINT NOT NULL,
    mapped_key        VARCHAR(254) NOT NULL,
    mapped_value      TEXT,
    PRIMARY KEY(event_id, mapped_key),
    FOREIGN KEY (event_id) REFERENCES logging_event(event_id)
  );
COMMIT;
 
 
BEGIN;
CREATE TABLE logging_event_exception
  (
    event_id         BIGINT NOT NULL,
    i                SMALLINT NOT NULL,
    trace_line       VARCHAR(254) NOT NULL,
    PRIMARY KEY(event_id, i),
    FOREIGN KEY (event_id) REFERENCES logging_event(event_id)
  );
COMMIT;

mysql的数据库链接我用的是:alibaba.druid,参考配置如下:

 <!--日志异步到数据库 -->
    <appender name="logDB" class="ch.qos.logback.classic.db.DBAppender">
        <!--日志异步到数据库 -->
        <connectionSource class="ch.qos.logback.core.db.DataSourceConnectionSource">
            <!--连接池 -->
            <dataSource class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource">
                <driverClassName>com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</driverClassName>
                <url>${LOGDB_URL}</url>
                <username>root</username>
                <password>root</password>
            </dataSource>
        </connectionSource>
    </appender>

完整的配置,参考如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<configuration>
    <include resource="org/springframework/boot/logging/logback/base.xml" />
    <!--定义日志文件的存储地址 勿在 LogBack 的配置中使用相对路径-->
    <property name="LOG_HOME" value="/test/log" />
    <property name="LOGDB_URL" value="jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/logdb?useSSL=false&amp;characterEncoding=UTF-8" />
    <!-- 控制台输出 -->
    <appender name="STDOUT" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
        <encoder class="ch.qos.logback.classic.encoder.PatternLayoutEncoder">
            <!--格式化输出:%d表示日期,%thread表示线程名,%-5level:级别从左显示5个字符宽度%msg:日志消息,%n是换行符-->
            <pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{50} - %msg%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>
    <!-- 按照每天生成日志文件 -->
    <appender name="FILE"  class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
        <rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.SizeAndTimeBasedRollingPolicy">
            <!--日志文件输出的文件名-->
            <FileNamePattern>${LOG_HOME}/taxmgr.log.%d{yyyy-MM-dd}.%i.log</FileNamePattern>
            <!--日志文件保留天数-->
            <MaxHistory>30</MaxHistory>
            <!--日志大小-->
            <maxFileSize>10MB</maxFileSize>
        </rollingPolicy>
        <encoder class="ch.qos.logback.classic.encoder.PatternLayoutEncoder">
            <!--格式化输出:%d表示日期,%thread表示线程名,%-5level:级别从左显示5个字符宽度%msg:日志消息,%n是换行符-->
            <pattern>%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{50} - %msg%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>
    <!--日志异步到数据库 -->
    <appender name="logDB" class="ch.qos.logback.classic.db.DBAppender">
        <!--日志异步到数据库 -->
        <connectionSource class="ch.qos.logback.core.db.DataSourceConnectionSource">
            <!--连接池 -->
            <dataSource class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource">
                <driverClassName>com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</driverClassName>
                <url>${LOGDB_URL}</url>
                <username>root</username>
                <password>root</password>
            </dataSource>
        </connectionSource>
    </appender>

    <logger name="org.springframework.web" level="INFO"/>
    <logger name="org.springboot.sample" level="TRACE" />
    <!--myibatis log configure-->
    <logger name="com.apache.ibatis" level="TRACE"/>
    <logger name="java.sql.Connection" level="DEBUG"/>
    <logger name="java.sql.Statement" level="DEBUG"/>
    <logger name="java.sql.PreparedStatement" level="DEBUG"/>

    <!-- 开发、测试环境 DEBUG  INFO-->
    <springProfile name="dev,test,local">
        <logger name="org.springframework.web" level="ERROR"/>
        <logger name="com.szdbgo" level="IFNO" />
    </springProfile>

    <!-- 生产环境 -->
    <springProfile name="pro">
        <logger name="org.springframework.web" level="IFNO"/>
        <logger name="com.szdbgo" level="DEBUG" />
    </springProfile>

    <!-- 日志输出级别 -->
    <root level="INFO">
       <!-- <appender-ref ref="STDOUT" />-->
        <appender-ref ref="FILE" />
        <!--<appender-ref ref="logDB" />-->
    </root>


</configuration>

 

posted @ 2021-04-28 14:22  jiajinhao  阅读(159)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报