基于Electron27+Vite4+React18搭建桌面端项目|electron多开窗口实践

前段时间有分享一篇electron25+vite4搭建跨桌面端vue3应用实践。今天带来最新捣鼓的electron27+react18创建跨端程序、electron多开窗体(模拟QQ登录窗口切换主窗口)、自定义无边框窗口拖拽导航栏的一些知识分享。

electron团队更新迭代比较快,目前稳定版本已经升级到了electron27。而且运行及构建速度有了大幅度的提升!

  • 版本信息

"vite": "^4.4.5"
"react": "^18.2.0"
"electron": "^27.0.1"
"electron-builder": "^24.6.4"
"vite-plugin-electron": "^0.14.1"
  • 搭建react18项目

使用vite4构建工具创建react项目模板。

yarn create vite electron-vite4-react18
# 选择创建react模板 cd electron
-vite4-react18 yarn install yarn dev

至此,一个基础的react模板项目就创建好了。接下来就是安装electron相关的依赖配置。

  • 安装electron关联依赖包

 注意:如果安装出现卡顿情况,建议设置淘宝镜像源。

// 安装electron
yarn add -D electron
// 安装electron-builder 用于构建打包可安装exe程序
yarn add -D electron-builder
// 安装electron-devtools-installer 用于开发调试electron项目
yarn add -D electron-devtools-installer

另外还需要安装一个electron和vite的桥接插件vite-plugin-electron

yarn add -D vite-plugin-electron

vite-plugin-electron:一款快速集成整合Vite和Electron,方便在渲染进程中使用Node API或Electron API功能。

到这里,所依赖的electron插件已经安装完毕。接下来就是创建主进程,启动项目了。

  • 创建主进程配置

const { app, BrowserWindow } = require('electron')

const MultiWindow = require('./src/windows')

const createWindow = () => {
    let win = new MultiWindow()
    win.createWin({ isMainWin: true })
}

app.whenReady().then(() => {
    createWindow()
    app.on('activate', () => {
        if (BrowserWindow.getAllWindows().length === 0) createWindow()
    })
})

app.on('window-all-closed', () => {
    if (process.platform !== 'darwin') app.quit()
})

配置vite.config.js

在vite.config.js中引入vite-plugin-electron配置主进程入口electron-main.js文件。

import { defineConfig, loadEnv } from 'vite'
import react from '@vitejs/plugin-react'
import electron from 'vite-plugin-electron'
import { resolve } from 'path'
import { parseEnv } from './src/utils/env'

// https://vitejs.dev/config/
export default defineConfig(({ command, mode }) => {
    const viteEnv = loadEnv(mode, process.cwd())
    const env = parseEnv(viteEnv)

    return {
        plugins: [
            react(),
            electron({
                entry: 'electron-main.js',
            })
        ],

        esbuild: {
            // 打包去除 console.log 和 debugger
            drop: env.VITE_DROP_CONSOLE && command === 'build' ? ["console", "debugger"] : []
        },

        /* 开发服务器配置 */
        server: {
            // 端口
            port: env.VITE_PORT,
            // 代理配置
            proxy: {
                // ...
            }
        },

        resolve: {
            // 设置别名
            alias: {
                '@': resolve(__dirname, 'src'),
                '@assets': resolve(__dirname, 'src/assets'),
                '@components': resolve(__dirname, 'src/components'),
                '@views': resolve(__dirname, 'src/views')
            }
        }
    }
})

配置package.json

在package.json文件中加入 "main": "electron-main.js" 入口配置,并且需要去掉 "type": "module" 。

注意:官方提示electron28之后可以支持"type": "module"

接下来就运行yarn electron:serve桌面端项目就能运行了。

至于一些electron打包配置,这里就不详细介绍了,之前有相关分享的文章。

https://www.cnblogs.com/xiaoyan2017/p/17436076.html

  • electron自定义无边框拖拽导航栏

创建窗口的时候设置 frame: false 即可创建一个无系统边框的窗体。

通过css设置 -webkit-app-region: drag 来实现拖拽区域。设置 -webkit-app-region: no-drag 取消拖拽响应。

自定义最大化/最小化/关闭

import { useState, useContext } from 'react'
import { Modal } from '@arco-design/web-react'
import { setWin } from '@/windows/action'

function WinBtn(props) {
  const {
    color = '#fff',
    minimizable = true,
    maximizable = true,
    closable = true,
    zIndex = 2023,

    children
  } = props

  const [hasMaximized, setHasMaximized] = useState(false)

  window.electronAPI.invoke('win__isMaximized').then(res => {
    setHasMaximized(res)
  })
  window.electronAPI.receive('win__hasMaximized', (e, res) => {
    setHasMaximized(res)
  })

  // 最小化
  const handleWinMin = () => {
      window.electronAPI.send("win__minimize")
  }
  // 最大化/还原
  const handleWinMax2Min = () => {
      window.electronAPI.invoke("win__max2min").then(res => {
          console.log(res)
          setHasMaximized(res)
      })
  }
  // 关闭
  const handleWinClose = () => {
      if(window.config.isMainWin) {
        Modal.confirm({
          title: '提示',
          content: <div style={{ textAlign: 'center' }}>是否最小化至托盘,不退出程序?</div>,
          okButtonProps: {status: 'warning'},
          style: {width: 360},
          cancelText: '最小化至托盘',
          okText: '残忍退出',
          onOk: () => {
            setWin('close')
          },
          onCancel: () => {
            setWin('hide', window.config.id)
          }
        })
      }else {
          setWin('close', window.config.id)
      }
  }

  return (
    <>
      <div className="vui__macbtn flexbox flex-alignc" style={{zIndex: zIndex}}>
        <div className="vui__macbtn-groups flexbox flex-alignc" style={{color: color}}>
          { JSON.parse(minimizable) && <a className="mbtn min" title="最小化" onClick={handleWinMin}><svg x="0" y="0" width="10" height="10" viewBox="0 0 10 10"><path fill="#995700" d="M8.048,4.001c0.163,0.012 0.318,0.054 0.459,0.137c0.325,0.191 0.518,0.559 0.49,0.934c-0.007,0.097 -0.028,0.192 -0.062,0.283c-0.04,0.105 -0.098,0.204 -0.171,0.29c-0.083,0.098 -0.185,0.181 -0.299,0.24c-0.131,0.069 -0.271,0.103 -0.417,0.114c-2.031,0.049 -4.065,0.049 -6.096,0c-0.163,-0.012 -0.318,-0.054 -0.459,-0.137c-0.325,-0.191 -0.518,-0.559 -0.49,-0.934c0.007,-0.097 0.028,-0.192 0.062,-0.283c0.04,-0.105 0.098,-0.204 0.171,-0.29c0.083,-0.098 0.185,-0.181 0.299,-0.24c0.131,-0.069 0.271,-0.103 0.417,-0.114c2.031,-0.049 4.065,-0.049 6.096,0Z"></path></svg></a> }
          { JSON.parse(maximizable) &&
            <a className="mbtn max" title={hasMaximized ? '向下还原' : '最大化'} onClick={handleWinMax2Min}>
              {
                hasMaximized ?
                <svg x="0" y="0" width="10" height="10" viewBox="0 0 10 10"><path fill="#4d0000" d="M5,10c0,0 0,-2.744 0,-4.167c0,-0.221 -0.088,-0.433 -0.244,-0.589c-0.156,-0.156 -0.368,-0.244 -0.589,-0.244c-1.423,0 -4.167,0 -4.167,0l5,5Z"></path><path fill="#006400" d="M5,0c0,0 0,2.744 0,4.167c0,0.221 0.088,0.433 0.244,0.589c0.156,0.156 0.368,0.244 0.589,0.244c1.423,0 4.167,0 4.167,0l-5,-5Z"></path></svg>
                :
                <svg x="0" y="0" width="10" height="10" viewBox="0 0 10 10"><path fill="#4d0000" d="M2,3c0,0 0,2.744 0,4.167c0,0.221 0.088,0.433 0.244,0.589c0.156,0.156 0.368,0.244 0.589,0.244c1.423,0 4.167,0 4.167,0l-5,-5Z"></path><path fill="#006400" d="M8,7c0,0 0,-2.744 0,-4.167c0,-0.221 -0.088,-0.433 -0.244,-0.589c-0.156,-0.156 -0.368,-0.244 -0.589,-0.244c-1.423,0 -4.167,0 -4.167,0l5,5Z"></path></svg>
              }
          </a>
          }
          { JSON.parse(closable) && <a className="mbtn close" title="关闭" onClick={handleWinClose}><svg x="0" y="0" width="10" height="10" viewBox="0 0 10 10"><path fill="#4d0000" d="M5,3.552c0.438,-0.432 0.878,-0.861 1.322,-1.287c0.049,-0.044 0.101,-0.085 0.158,-0.119c0.149,-0.091 0.316,-0.137 0.49,-0.146c0.04,0 0.04,0 0.08,0.001c0.16,0.011 0.314,0.054 0.453,0.135c0.08,0.046 0.154,0.104 0.218,0.171c0.252,0.262 0.342,0.65 0.232,0.996c-0.045,0.141 -0.121,0.265 -0.218,0.375c-0.426,0.444 -0.855,0.884 -1.287,1.322c0.432,0.438 0.861,0.878 1.287,1.322c0.097,0.11 0.173,0.234 0.218,0.375c0.04,0.126 0.055,0.26 0.043,0.392c-0.011,0.119 -0.043,0.236 -0.094,0.344c-0.158,0.327 -0.49,0.548 -0.852,0.566c-0.106,0.005 -0.213,-0.007 -0.315,-0.035c-0.156,-0.043 -0.293,-0.123 -0.413,-0.229c-0.444,-0.426 -0.884,-0.855 -1.322,-1.287c-0.438,0.432 -0.878,0.861 -1.322,1.287c-0.11,0.097 -0.234,0.173 -0.375,0.218c-0.126,0.04 -0.26,0.055 -0.392,0.043c-0.119,-0.011 -0.236,-0.043 -0.344,-0.094c-0.327,-0.158 -0.548,-0.49 -0.566,-0.852c-0.005,-0.106 0.007,-0.213 0.035,-0.315c0.043,-0.156 0.123,-0.293 0.229,-0.413c0.426,-0.444 0.855,-0.884 1.287,-1.322c-0.432,-0.438 -0.861,-0.878 -1.287,-1.322c-0.106,-0.12 -0.186,-0.257 -0.229,-0.413c-0.025,-0.089 -0.037,-0.182 -0.036,-0.275c0.004,-0.363 0.211,-0.704 0.532,-0.874c0.13,-0.069 0.272,-0.105 0.418,-0.115c0.04,-0.001 0.04,-0.001 0.08,-0.001c0.174,0.009 0.341,0.055 0.49,0.146c0.057,0.034 0.109,0.075 0.158,0.119c0.444,0.426 0.884,0.855 1.322,1.287Z"></path></svg></a> }
          <i className="mr-10"></i>
          { children }
        </div>
        <div className="vui__mactitle">{window.config.title || '首页'}</div>
    </div>
    </>
  )
}

export default WinBtn
  • electron自定义托盘图标/托盘闪烁

/**
 * Electron多窗口管理器
 * @author Andy  Q:282310962
 */

const { app, BrowserWindow, ipcMain, Menu, Tray, dialog, globalShortcut } = require('electron')
// const { loadEnv } = require('vite')
const { join } = require('path')

// 根目录路径
process.env.ROOT = join(__dirname, '../../')

const isDev = process.env.NODE_ENV === 'development'
// const winURL = isDev ? 'http://localhost:3000/' : join(__dirname, 'dist/index.html')
const winURL = isDev ? process.env.VITE_DEV_SERVER_URL : join(process.env.ROOT, 'dist/index.html')

class MultiWindow {
    constructor() {
        // 主窗口对象
        this.main = null
        // 窗口组
        this.group = {}

        // 托盘图标
        this.tray = null
        this.flashTimer = null
        this.trayIco1 = join(process.env.ROOT, 'resource/tray.ico')
        this.trayIco2 = join(process.env.ROOT, 'resource/tray-empty.ico')

        // 监听ipcMain事件
        this.listenIpc()
        
        // 创建系统托盘
        this.createTray()
    }

    // 系统配置参数
    winOptions() {
        return {
            // 窗口图标
            icon: join(process.env.ROOT, 'resource/shortcut.ico'),
            backgroundColor: '#fff',
            autoHideMenuBar: true,
            titleBarStyle: 'hidden',
            width: 900,
            height: 600,
            resizable: true,
            minimizable: true,
            maximizable: true,
            frame: false, // 设置为 false 时可以创建一个无边框窗口 默认值为 true
            show: false, // 窗口是否在创建时显示
            webPreferences: {
                contextIsolation: true, // 启用上下文隔离(为了安全性)(默认true)
                nodeIntegration: false, // 启用Node集成(默认false)
                preload: join(process.env.ROOT, 'electron-preload.js')
            }
        }
    }

    // 创建新窗口
    createWin(options) {
        // ...
    }

    // ...

    // 主进程监听事件
    listenIpc() {
        // 创建新窗体
        ipcMain.on('win-create', (event, args) => this.createWin(args))

        // ...

        // 托盘图标闪烁
        ipcMain.on('win__flashTray', (event, bool) => this.flashTray(bool))

        // 屏幕截图
        ipcMain.on('win__setCapture', () => {
            // ...
        })
    }

    // 创建系统托盘图标
    createTray() {
        console.log(__dirname)
        console.log(join(process.env.ROOT, 'resource/tray.ico'))
        
        const trayMenu = Menu.buildFromTemplate([
            {
                label: '打开主界面',
                icon: join(process.env.ROOT, 'resource/home.png'),
                click: () => {
                    try {
                        for(let i in this.group) {
                            let win = this.getWin(i)
                            if(!win) return
                            // 是否主窗口
                            if(this.group[i].isMainWin) {
                                if(win.isMinimized()) win.restore()
                                win.show()
                            }
                        }
                    } catch (error) {
                        console.log(error)
                    }
                }
            },
            {
                label: '设置中心',
                icon: join(process.env.ROOT, 'resource/setting.png'),
                click: () => {
                    for(let i in this.group) {
                        let win = this.getWin(i)
                        if(win) win.webContents.send('win__ipcData', { type: 'CREATE_WIN_SETTING', value: null })
                    }
                },
            },
            {
                label: '锁屏',
                click: () => null,
            },
            {
                label: '关闭托盘闪烁',
                click: () => {
                    this.flashTray(false)
                }
            },
            {type: 'separator'},
            /* {
                label: '重启',
                click: () => {
                    // app.relaunch({ args: process.argv.slice(1).concat(['--relaunch']) })
                    // app.exit(0)

                    app.relaunch()
                    app.quit()
                }
            }, */
            {
                label: '关于',
                click: () => {
                    for(let i in this.group) {
                        let win = this.getWin(i)
                        if(win) win.webContents.send('win__ipcData', { type: 'CREATE_WIN_ABOUT', value: null })
                    }
                }
            },
            {
                label: '关闭应用并退出',
                icon: join(process.env.ROOT, 'resource/logout.png'),
                click: () => {
                    dialog.showMessageBox(this.main, {
                        title: '询问',
                        message: '确定要退出应用程序吗?',
                        buttons: ['取消', '最小化托盘', '退出应用'],
                        type: 'error',
                        noLink: false,  // true传统按钮样式  false链接样式
                        cancelId: 0
                    }).then(res => {
                        console.log(res)

                        const index = res.response
                        if(index == 0) {
                            console.log('取消')
                        }if(index == 1) {
                            console.log('最小化托盘')
                            for(let i in this.group) {
                                let win = this.getWin(i)
                                if(win) win.hide()
                            }
                        }else if(index == 2) {
                            console.log('退出应用')

                            try {
                                for(let i in this.group) {
                                    let win = this.getWin(i)
                                    if(win) win.webContents.send('win__ipcData', { type: 'WIN_LOGOUT', value: null })
                                }
                                // app.quit 和 app.exit(0) 都可退出应用。
                                // 前者可以被打断并触发一些事件,而后者将强制应用程序退出而不触发任何事件或允许应用程序取消操作。
                                app.quit()
                            } catch (error) {
                                console.log(error)
                            }
                        }
                    })
                }
            }
        ])
        this.tray = new Tray(this.trayIco1)
        this.tray.setContextMenu(trayMenu)
        this.tray.setToolTip(app.name)
        this.tray.on('double-click', () => {
            console.log('double clicked')
        })

        // 开启托盘闪烁
        // this.flashTray(true)
    }

    // 托盘图标闪烁
    flashTray(flash) {
        let hasIco = false
        
        if(flash) {
            if(this.flashTimer) return
            this.flashTimer = setInterval(() => {
                this.tray.setImage(hasIco ? this.trayIco1 : this.trayIco2)
                hasIco = !hasIco
            }, 500)
        }else {
            if(this.flashTimer) {
                clearInterval(this.flashTimer)
                this.flashTimer = null
            }
            this.tray.setImage(this.trayIco1)
        }
    }

    // 销毁托盘图标
    destoryTray() {
        this.flashTray(false)
        this.tray.destroy()
        this.tray = null
    }
}

module.exports = MultiWindow

electron支持的一些环境变量。

process.env.NODE_ENV
process.env.VITE_DEV_SERVER_URL

另外需要注意,__dirname变量指向当前文件。如:src/windows/index.js文件,则根目录需要 ../../ 返回。

Okay,以上就是electron27+react18+vite4搭建桌面端实践项目的一些分享知识,希望对大家有所帮助哈!

https://www.cnblogs.com/xiaoyan2017/p/17797476.html

 

posted @ 2023-10-26 01:22  xiaoyan2017  阅读(924)  评论(1编辑  收藏  举报
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